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( iii ) 


THE Ninth Volume of "Literary Anecdotes** if 
presented to the Publick, with a confidence arising 
from the extraordinary indulgence with which the 
former Volumes have been received. Nothing bu^ 
that reception could have induced me to persevere 
in researches attendied with anxious solicitude and 
considerable personal kbour*. 

In June l8l^, I had relinquished every idea of 
extending this Work beyond the period included 
in the Sixth Volume-|- ; and, with such views, had 
actually compiled and printed several sheets. But 
I soon perceived the absolute necessity of extending 
my pJan; the Index alone, which was completed 
in May I813, having grown to a moderate-sized 

The materials indeed for continuing the Work« 
vamny of them communicated by Scholars of dis- 
tinguished eminence, were so numerous, that an 
Ei^th Volume was almost imperceptibly com- 
pleted by St George's-day 1814. And now, with 
the siocerest respect and gratitude, I proceed to 

* Seetlie progress of raoh an vodBrtakSag^ toL llLp.!^. 
t See tbe Preikce to vol* I. p. x£i. 


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redeem the pledge which I then gave, by offering 
to my indulgent Readers the Conclusion of a Work 
in which their patience has had no small trial— ^ 
not without the hope, in many cases the certainty, 
that they have been rewarded by useful information. 

On the imperfection arising from the want of 
regular arrangement, I shall only observe, that 
such a Book could not very easily have been other* 
wise produced. It is not a regular History — it is 
not a Romantic Tale — nor a Work of Fancy-— 
which a Writer might amuse himself by refining, 
till he frittered away his own ideas. It is a Mine 
of literary materials, whence future Biographers and 
Historians will readily and unsparingly collect what 
may suit their several purposes. Should my Re- 
presentatives, at any future period, be inclined to 
publish a n6w Edition (a task which I shall never 
myself think of attempting), the whole is now 
before them ; and my corrected copy will facilitate 
their labour. A regular arrangement (and certainly 
some compression) might then be properly adbpted. 

Of smaller errors, several have arisen from the 
articles themselves (the Letters particularly) not 
having been originally written for the Press. Thede 
f have carefully endeavoured to j^int ont and amend ; 
and, in general, have availed myself of every hint 
that has been suggested, either by the various 'Pt^ 
riodical Criticks, or by a host of intelligent Cor- 
respondents, of whom the greater part have been 
duly noticed in former Prefaces. 


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Here, however, I must repeat the respectable 
names of James Bindley, Eso* ; the Hon. Mr. 
Justice Hardings ; George Allan, Esq. M. P. ; 
4he Rev. William Beloe ; James Brown, Eso.; 
Mr. A. Chalmers; the Rev. Ralph Churton, B. D. 
Archdeacon of St. David^s ; James Dowland, Esa.; 
and of the late Rev. Edward Jones (see p. ^6o) : 
And am proud to add some of the brightest Orna- 
ments of Literature, by whose personal friendship 
I have very long been honoured — the truly bene- 
volent Dr. Thomas Burgess, Lord Bishop of St. 
David*s; the enlightened and profoundly- learned 
Dr. Samuel Parr; the kind-hearted and ener- 
getic Dr. Rennell, Dean of Winchester, and 
Master of the Temple ; the Rev. Joseph Holden 
Pott, B. D. Archdeacon of London ; the Rev. 
Robert Nares, B. D. Archdeacon of Stafford ; 
and the Rev. Wiluam Tooke, F. R. S. 

I am happy also to acknowledge the valuable con- 
tributions of Mr. John Bell, of Newcastle; Joseph 
Bradnst, Esq.; John Burdon, Esq.; the Rev. 
WfiEDEN Butler, Junior; theRev. Thomas Cromf- 
TON ; the Rev. Charles Dunste^; David Jen- 
kings, Esq. ; the Rev. Aulav Macaulay ; the Rev. 
Thomas M^Culloch ; Edward Roberts, Esq. ; 
the Rev. John Fleming St. John ; the Rev. Peter 
Sandivord ; the Rev. Dr. George Strahan ; Tho- 
mas Street, Esq.; Robert Surtees> Esq.; and 
Mr. A. J. Valpy. 


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VI Ar>VS]tTtSSM£Kr. 

To Mr. Jamss BA^nt£ (whose modest trorth, 
evien. in his boyish days, secured my hearty esteem) 
I ^m indebted for a Portrait of his Father ; whose 
animated features I felicitate myself in thus having 
"first been the medium of introducing to the Publick. 

I have also to thank my skilful and mvariable 
Friend Dr. Lettsom, for Portraits of Mr. Petir 
CoLUNSON, Dr. CuMi>*G( and Dr. Fothergill; 
and am greatly obliged to Mr. H. RoaBRS for the 
striking resemblance of Mr. Holt. 

A copious Index to the Eighth and Ninth 
Volumes, by the attentive and unwearied diligence 
of the young Friend to whom I was obliged for the 
former Index, is in great forwardness ; and will be 
so arranged in the printing, as to form a Second 
Part of the Seventh Volume. The List of Addi- 
tional Subscribers, as far as they are come to hand, 
shall then be given. 

I have now fulfilled my engagement ; but do not 
feel ihyself jJrecluded from offking to the Publick 
(should health- and leisure permit) another Work, 
arising out of, and immediately connected with, the 
•• Literary Anecdotes ;'* but so fiir distinct, that no 
Purchaser of the one will be under the obligation, 
unless with his fiill and free consent, to possess the 
Wher. For such a pnblication, I have already abun- 
dftntrteonrees, of a nature far superior to any produt- 
tion of my own ; and part of it is actually in the press. 
* Highbury Place, August 8, 1816. 


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( vii ) 



Sypplying^ in Part^ the Plaoe of an Inobx. 

Anecdotes of Rd. Bigland, Esq. and History of Gloucestershire 1 

Richard-Paul Jodrell. Esq 3 

Mr. Barak Longmate 4 

John Bacon^ E.sq $ 

The Publication of Ecton*s Thesaurus ibid. 

Rev. John Delap, D. D 8 

The Alexandrian New Testament 9 

Rev. Charles Godfrey Woide, D. D. 11 

Mr. James Nelson 14 

The Right Hon. Samuel Birch, Lord Mayor. ... 16 

Rev. Rerre Francois Le Courayer, D D 17 

Mr. John Holt 19 

Sir John Prestwich, Bait « 

William Bovs, Esq ^5 

v/Mr. Henry Headley 88 

Benjamin Moseley, M D ; 30 

Leonard Welsted, and his Works 38 

Mr. Hawkinses Ignoramus 35 

Mr Joseph Welch 38 

Rev. William Aguttcr, M. A 39 

The Mangel-Wui-zel Root 40 

Mr, Heniy-Francis Gary 48 

The Cholmley Family : 43 

Mr. Jonas Dryander ibid. 

(Queen Elizabeth's Progresses ^ .^ 44 

Rev. Robert-Pool Fmch, D. D 46 

Thomas Finch, Esq : 48 

Richard-Joseph Sullivan, Esq 61 

Rev. Samuel Ayscout^h : 54 

Mr. Thomas Fairchild ibid. 

Rev. John Taylor, of Market Bosworth, LL. D. 58 

Rev. Samuel Haves, M. A 59 

Josiah Domford, Esq. LL. D §6 

Sir David llalrymple, Lord Hailes ej 

The " Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica'* ... 71 
Rev. Jos. Holden Pott, B.D. Archdeacon of London 73 

Sir Clifton Wintringham, Bart 76 

Erasmus I^rwip^ M. P ibid. 


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Anecdotes of The Rev. Thomas Monro, M. A 77 

Rev.George Travis, M.A. Ardideacon of Chester 78 

Mr. Richu^ Porson s Letters to Travis i6uf . 

Rev. Aulay Macaulgy^ M. A 83 

Mr. John Throshy 87 

Rev. William Beloe, M.A 94 

Sir William De la Pole, Bart 95 

Mr. Benjamin Bartktt 97 

William Hutton, Esq 98 

King Richard's Well 107 

Michael Dodson. Esq ibid. 

Rev. John Sturges, LL. D ibid. 

Rev, Charles Sturges, M. A 109 

Rev Thomas Sturges, M.A ibid. 

Rev. Charles Stui^ges, Junior, B. A ibid: 

Granger's Letters, published by J. P. Malcolm 111 

Rev. Charles-Edward De Coetlogon, M.A 113 

Richard Piyne Knight, Esq 115 

Mr. Joseph Reed 116 

Mr. John-Watson Reed 118 

" Rights of Boys and Girls'* 120 

Rev. Oliver St. John Cooper, M. A 121 

David Jennings, Esq 123 

Rev. Nathanael Lanlner, D. D ibid. 

Rev. William Vincent , D. D. Dean of Westminster 1 26 

Rev. Samuel Glasse, D.D ISl 

Rev. John Wooll, D. D 135 

Rev. Henry Sanders, B. A 137 

Mr. Zaohariah Cozens 143 

James Stuart, Esq 57, 143 

Nicholas Revett, Esq 147 

Mr. Willey Reveley 148 

John Sherwen, M. D 160 

Mr. Thomas Emerson 152 

Right Rev. Dr. B. £. Sparke, Bishop of Ely .. 154 

Joseph Palmer, Esq. of P^merstown 140> 155 

Henry Swinburne, Esq 167 

The Widow of Capt. John Parker 158 

Right Rev. Dr. R. Courtenay, Bishop of Exeter t6uf. 

Rev. William Tooke, F. R. S 159 

Rev. Thomas Tooke, D.D 165 

William Hawes, M. D 180 

Rev. Samuel-Edward Hopkinson, B.D. ..53, 183 
Progress of the " Biographia Britannica*' 184 

^ Rev. WUIiam-Hayward RoberU, D. D 187 

Rev. William Roberts, B. A ibid. 

Aev. Samuel Parr, LL.D , . . . . 107, 189 

Rev. William Bell, D. D 193 

Edward Ironside, Esq 194 

William Murray Earl pf Mansfield ibid. 


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COKrENT*8. ix 

Anecdotes of John Holliday, Esq ij 

Rer. George Gregory, D. D ibid. 

Rev. John Warner, D. D 199 

Rev. Thomas-Sackville Ciuteis, LL. B 901 

Rev. James Cowe, M. A '. 202 

Rev. Stebbing Shaw, B.D ibid, 

Thomas Gilbert, Esq 90S 

Rev. Archer Thompson, M. A 904 

Rev. Seth Thompson, M. A 905 

William Allen, Esq Master of Dulwich CoU^;e 906 

Rev. William Tasker 906 

Sir Samuel-EgertonBrydges, Bart. K.J. M.P.909 

Anthony Fothergill, M. D 911 

Right Rev. Dr. John Milner IBiahop of CeHiwi4t] 915 
Bp. Atterburv*8 <' Epistolary Correspondence*'. . 916 

Rev. Rogers Rudhig, B. D 918 

Henry Ellis, Esq. Sec. A.S 990 

John-Coakley Lettsom, M. D. 40, 186, 990 

Rev. Robert Hoadly-Ashe, D.D ibid. 

Rev. Weeden Butler 993 

Rev. George Butler, D. D t^t^. 

Rev. Weeden Butler, Junior, M. A ibid. 

Rev. Richard Harrison, M. A 996 

Rev. Richard Harrison, Junior, M. A 997 

Rev. Thomas Langley, B. A ibid. 

Rev. George-Henry Otaase, M. A 139, 999 

Mr. William Hayes, the Ornithdiogist 999 

Robert Mylne, Esq 939 

Rev. George Robson, M. A 933 

Rev. Charles Dunster, M. A. 936 

Rev. Keimet Gibson, B. A 937 

- Rev. Daniel Bayley, B. D. 938 

Mr. John Beaumont ; ibid. 

i^The Literary Fund 940 

William Boscawea, Esq ibid. 

William -Tbomas FHz-Gerald, Esq ^ibid. 

Hon. and R%ht Rev. Dr. Richard Ttevor, 

Bishop cf Durham 941 

Rev. Nathaniel Porster, D.f} 989^ 

• The Fuaaily of TIndal 309 

^ Archbisht>p Herrinff and Dr. Ducarel 305 

Rev. Henry Hall, M. A 313 

The Marmor Sandvicense 395 

Rev. Roger Pickering 399 

John Montagu, fourth Earl of Sandwich 337 

Hierom-Bartholomew Piazza 338 

James Six, Esq 348 

Mr. James Six, Junior 349 

Rev. Cox Macro, D.D 359 

Bev.TlMiDMMacio^D.D^ 360 


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.Anecdotes of Mr, Thomas Christie , . « J6S, 3^ 

y Rev. William Ck>le, B. D 391 

Rev. James and Thomas Bembam 396 

Da\id Hume, Esq ; 400 

The Famih of Thicknease «51, 403 

Ori^nal Letters of Rev. William Stukeley, M.D. 408 

of Mr, Thoiuas Maitin 413 

Rev. Thomas Moires, D. D 430 

Rev. Thomas Pyle 433 

v'Rev. Edmund Pyle, D. D. 440 

Rev. Thomas and Philip Pyle 444 

John Wilkes. Esq. Alderman and Chamberlain 4S3 

Family of Hodges 481 

Rev. James BedfonI, B. D 482 

Rev. Charles W.heatley; M. A lUdL 

- Rev. William Newton 484 

Thomas Short, M. D 485 

Hev. Thomas Rennell, M. A. Rector of Bamack 486 

Rev. John Skynner, B. D 487 

Rt. Rev. Dr. J. HinchcUfie, Bp. of Peterborough ibid. 

Rev. Jamea Herv^, M. A 488 

Sir John Thorold, Bart 489 

Sir William Keate, Bait U>id, 

Peter -Thomas Burford, LL.D 490 

<Rev. WilHam Butts.M. A ibitL 

Mr. Adam Andisrson 491 

Rev. John Savage, D.D 499 

Thomas Mulso, Esq ibid. 

Rev. Philip Morant, M. A 493 

Right Hon. Edward Weston 494 

Mr. William Riley 495 

Robert Paloner^ Esq ibid, 

George Keate^ Esq ibid, 

Pavid Ruhnkenius 496 

Archbishop Markham*s eklest Son 497 

Mr. Thomas Carte 498 

Rev. Henry Heaton^ B. D 499 

John Ryland, Esq 500 

WiUiaai-Cmpberland Cruikshank, Esq 502 

Judge Hale, Dr T. Sandfordj aodBp. Hayter 504^ 505 

R<;ger Lort, Esq 506 

Elizabeth Countess of Marchmont ibid. 

Rev. Henry Hubbard, B.D 507 

Christopher Mycn, Esq 508 

. Anthony Morris btorer. Esq :ibid. 

Rev. Robert Nares, M. A. Ambfleaconc of Staffbrd510 

Professor Edward Waring, M.D 511 

Monsieur Ren^ La Butte 519 

Rev. Thomas Edwsirds, D.D, ibid. 

Rev. William Law^ M. A.. .•• , 516 


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-Aoecdotes of Right Re?. Dr. Chr. Wilson, Bkfaop of Bri«tolU9 

James Macpherson> Esq ; 524 

Alexander Hunter> M. D 525 

Hon. Caroline Howe 527 

Rev. Richard Wynne, M. A 531 

John EUi*, Esq ibid. 

Governor Heniy Ellis \ 533 

Mr. B. T. Pbnncey 534 

Abb6 WilUara-Thomas Rajnal 535 

Gulielraus Burgaineeus 53/ 

Abel Moysey, M. D 538 

Captain Robert Rivington 539 

Robert Raikes, Esq ibid. 

Rev. Haviland-John Hiley, M. A 543 

Anthony Addington, M. D 544 

Rev. John Spioer, M. A 545 

Rev. Robert Hot, LL. D 547 

Mr. Francis Eginton 549 

Thomas Newcombe, Esq 551 

Mr. Eran Tyler ibid. 

Mr. William Herbert and Mr. Trench Chiswell 552 

Nathanael Chauncy, Esq 553 

Family of Hiome ibid. 

Rev. Philip Laurents, MA 554 

Right Hon. Charles- WoUran Cornwall 555 

Cornewall Tathwell, M. D 556 

Rev. George Lynch, M. A 558 

Rev. Matthew Horbery, D.D ibid» 

Rev. Henry Barton and Mr. William Hudson . . 565 

Rev. Charles Hawtrey, M. A 569 

Rev. Benjamin Blayney, D.D ibid. 

Right Rev. Dr. John Randolph, Bp. of London 570 

Mr, Orion Adams 572 

Mr. Thomas Aris ibid. 

Henry Baldwin, Esq ibid. 

Henry Vanwttart, Esq 573 

Rev. Thomas Uichanlson, D. D. . . . , .... ibid. 

Hon. and Rev. Richard Hill, LL. D 576 

Rev. William Barfbrd, D. D. . . . w ibid. 

Rev« Edward Harwood^ D. D 577 

Rev. William Salisbury, B.D. 581 

^ Rev. John Gooch, D. D. . .' 582 

, Rev. Thomas D*Ovley, D. D. and his Sons 583 

Right Rev. Dr. RiehanJT^rick, Bp. of London t6id. 

Rev. John Laurenee, M. A. 584 

Walter Tltley, Biq 585 

Rev. Thomas Harmer 586 


WBfam Coming, M.D 588 

Sic Thomas RayttooA . . ;..;;... .^ 590 


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AiModotei of Mr. Junes Ralph 590 

Madam Jane Nicliokt 592 

John Freind, M. D ibid. 

Hon. Charies Montagu 59S 

Blrs. Montagu 594 

^ Rev. Robert Masters, B. D. 596 

Rev. Thomas Baker, M. A ibid. 

Rev. Timothy Cutler, D.D 597 

Rev. Thomas Whincop and Samuel Wesley. . . . Wi 

Dr. Simon Episcophis 608 

Sir Andrew Fountaine t^ 

Mr. Joseph Ames and Mr. Thomas Bfartin .... 604 

Joseph Gulston, Esq 605 

Messenger Monnsey, M. D 607 

Rev. Dr. Morton Savage 609 

Rev. Samuel Chandler, D. D ibid. 

Rev. Samuel Knight, M. A ibid, 

ri Mr. Thomas Martin ibid. 

Rev. Richard Bentley, D. D 3Sd, 611 

Bishop More's Library ibid. 

Josiah Wedgwood, Esq 613 

Cromwell Mortimer, M. D 615 

V Rev. Geoige North, M. A ibid. 

Rev. Richard Rawlinson, LL. D 617 

Peter Desmaiseaux 619 

Robert Taylor, M. 1) 6%) 

Thomas Covjentry, Esq ibid. 

Elizabeth Lady Mansfield $96 

Alexander Cruden 688 

Anna Seward's Letters iM 

Rev. Edward Southcote 699 

Rev. William Cooke, D.D. Dean of Ely t^ 

Rev. John Free, D. D 631 

Rev. Humphry Say, B.D 635 

Rev. Andrew Smqie, D.D 636 

Generals Lambert and Rossiter 637 

Joseph Banks, Esq 638 

Rev. James Benson, B. A. Vk»r of Croyland • . Und. 

Rev. Samuel Smith, LL. D 639 

Rev. John-Theophilus Desaguliers, LL.D 640 

Hon. Sir Charles Frederick, K. B 641 

Samson Gideon, Esq 648 

Rev. Roger Long, D.D 643 

Mr. Edward Strong 644 

Mr. Anthony Oldfield ibid. 

Mr. John Warburton 645 

Mr. Bladox's Collection of Public Records iM. 

Captain Peacock's Medal 646 

Rev. John Husbands, of Pembroke Ccdlege ..tM. 

Rev. Joseph Warton, D. D. ibid. 


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Anecdotes of Rer. Tlionuis Iks, D. D 647 

John and Joseph Merrill, Esqrs ibid. 

Samuel P«gge, Esq ibid. 

!Rev. John Cott, M. A 648 

Rev. Benjamin Furster, B.D ibid* 

Thomas-Furley Forster, Esq 6.I0 

Sir Richard Hoare*8 Topographical Catalogue 651 

-^Rev. John Brand, B. A. . . , ^ t6id. 

Owen Salusbury Brereton, Esq 653 

Joseph Cooper Walker, Esq 664 

Rev. Thomas Falconer, and his Strabo 655 

Thomas Sandby, Esq 656 

Mr. Robert Bamevelt ibid. 

James West, Esq 657 

Bishop Kenoetts Book of Common Vny&r . . . ibid. 

Rev. Samuel NicoUs, D. D 658 

Rev. William Parker, D.D ibid. 

John Loveday, Esq. D. C. L 660 

Thomas Holhs, Esq. ibid. 

Andrew Coltee Ducarel, D. C. L. 661 

Rev. John Hutchins, M. A 66S 

Oliver Goldsmith, LL. D 665 

Mr. James Dodsley 666 

Mr. Tliomas Payne ibid. 

Rev. Clayton Mordannt Cracherode, M. A. . • . ibid. 

Rev. George Sandby, D.D 667 

Rev. William Weston, B. D ibid. 

" The Academick" 668 

Hon. and Right Rev. Brownk>w North, LL. D. 

Lord Bishop of Winchester ibid. 

Mr. Thomas Gainsborough 669 

Edward Bumaby-Greene, Esq 670 

Hon. John Scott ibid. 

Mr. Samuel Clarke 671 

Mr. James Essex ibid. 

The Duke de Nivemois ibid. 

Rev. Stephen Barrett 67« 

The Family of Aubert 673 

Hon. and Right Rev. Dr. James Yorke, 

Bishop of Ely t^. 

Rev. Samuel Henley, D. D ibid. 

"History of the Caliph Vathck" 674 

The Family of Mudge 675 

James Vcre, Esq 677 

The Abb^ Mann 678 

Rev. Dr. A. Bumaby, Archdeacon of Leicester ibid. 

Dr. Johnson*s Letter to Dr. I.«land 680 

Samuel Barker, Esq i^td. 

James Boswell, Esq 681 

Rev. GeoiiSe Ashbjr, RD* * 608, 683 


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Aneodotea of The ATcb»oJogical Epietle 686 

Samuel Musgrave, M. D. ibid, 

Joseph. RitsoD, Esq. 686 

Sir John and Lady Ffenn ibid, 

^ Right Re?. Dr. R. Watson, Bishop of Landaff ibid. 

vRev. Stephen Weston, B. D ibid. 

Rev. Humphry Sumner, D. D 687 

/Robert Glynn Clobeny, M. D ibid, 

-^he Seatonian Prize Poems 688 

Rev. Charles Godwyn, B. D 689 

Martin Lister, M. D. and Dr. Christopher Hunter 690 

Mr. John Spearman 691 

Mr. Robert Harrison .^692 

Family of Archbishop Sharp ibid, 

Dv, Richard Grey's Four Daughters 693 

Thomas Dawson, M. D 694 

■ V Rev. Robert Plxunptre* B. D ibid. 

Rev. Thomas Robinson, M. A 695 

The Chevalier John Taylor, M. D 696 

Family of Bbsvilk. 697 

Rev. John Hmd, D.D. 698 

Rev. Thomas Wray, D.D, ibid 

Right Rev. Dr. John Warren, Bishop of Bangor 699 

Edward Long, Esq ibid. 

Samuel Jeake, Esq. 700 

. . Mr. Anthony Robinson ibid. 

Thomas Thackeray, D. D 70i 

Sir William Browne, Knt. M.D 702 

Messieurs Mount and Page, Statiooen 705 

Mrs. Elizabeth Baldwin ibid. 

Andrew Strahan, Esq. M.P ibid. 

Sir W. Domville, Bart. Alderman of London . . 706 

Mr. Alderman Christopher Magnay Ufid^ 

Family of Pktten ibid. 

Rev. Philip Lloyd, D. D. Dean of Norwich . . 707 

Mr. Samuel Buckley 708 

Robert Hoblyn, Esq 709 

Daniel Tainturier, Esq 710 

Periodical Publications ibid. 

. Jacob Bryant, Esq 714 

Rev. William Greene 716 

Particulars of Mr. Gray 717 

^ Mr. Gough and Mr. Tyson 7I8 

Rev. Francis Dixon, B. D 7!20 

Matthew Prior, Esq ibid. 

Mr. Samuel* Jackson PnAt 8, 722 

Count Charles de Rericksky 724 

Rev. James Scott, D. D. 126, 724 

' Rev.ThaRenne]l,D.D.])«u»ofWu)chester 152,729 
Bishop^Storttod Free Gtammar School . . 165, 730 


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o£Dr.Cogan*8 liters Pki^dhiolaoM. jmt 

Mrs. Eliza Berkeley 7^3 

H. W.TVtler, M.D 198. 735 

Rev.R Chiiitoii,M.A. Archdeacon of St.]>avid*8736 

Mr. Pimer*8 Bible 739 

Rcr. Richard Harriaon> M. A. 2«7, 741 

Henrj-Jamee Pye, Esq. 74^ 

Provostbhip of Kia^'f CoUe^ j Trimtf College 743 
Bev. Dr. Joseph BuUer, fii»hop of Darham . . ibid. 

Rev. Jonathan Butler, LL.B 744 

Mr T. Ratclifie, and Dean Mosf'B Sermons . . 745 

^ev. John Cooke, M. A. and Letfd Sandwich . . 746 ^ 
Rev. ThoHMS Gough, LL.B 747 

^ Letter of Rev. WilUam Cole 748 

Bev. Edward Lye, M. A, 751 

Samuel Martin, Eh|. 753 

Tbomaft Tyrwhitt, E»q.^ , 5«8, 756 

Rev. Richard Valfiy, D,D 757 

Mr. T. Fieber's History of Rdchiiter 769 

Sir Lk>oel Lyde, Bart 761 

Rev. Edward Jonea, M. A ibid. 

Hemy Hare third Lord Coleraine 610, 769 

Rev. Mardn Stafford Smith, B. D 697, 763 

Peter Shaw, M. D ibid, 

William Lewis, M. D 764 

Rev. Jn. Jones, M.A. ^ and his Son, a NavyChaplain765 

Hev. John Wheekioa, M. A ibid. 

Rev. Charks Ashton, B.D. 766 - 

Miss Catharine Talbot 647, 766 

Rev. John Harris, D D 769 

William King, of the Commons, LL. D 776 

The Family of Bowks 780 

'' IJn^iarum Septentrional! um Thesaurus*'. .781 

Bev. Marjus D'Assigney. B. D ibid»' 

Rev. Richard Walter, M. A 783 

Thomas Nevile, Esq 783 

Morris Drake Morris, Esq 784 

John Hoadly, D. D 785" 

Rev. Thomas Brookes, M. A ibid. 

Rev F. Blackburne, Archdeacon of Richmond ibid. 

Pkul Wright^ D.D 786 

Abraham Farley, Esq 787 

Dr. Heathcote and Sir M. Hale 788 

Thomas Morell, D. D 789 

Edw. Husbands, Esq. and Jas. Htisbands, D.D. ibid, 

Henry Bnrton, D D 790 

William Creech, E«q i^td. 

Thomas Crofts, Eisq 793 

Edward WorH^ Montagu, Ewj ibid. 

Mr. Robert Ainawortii • 79^ 


Digitized by 



AneedotM of Rev. JMia Coek, D. D. 60S, 79f 

Sir Peter Thompeon 799 

Henry and Francis Coventry 801 

Ralph Allen, Esq andl^. Warbuiton 691.809 

George Stcevens, £6q 650, 7B4, 809 

Rev. Sir Richard Kaye, Bart. LL. D 804 

Reminiscences of Dr. Johnson 777> 805 

Rccv. John Calder, D.D ibid. 

Rev. Dr. Backhouse, Archdeacon of Canterbury 807 

Rev. Peter Newcome, LL. B 134, 808 

The Bedford Missal 153, 808 

Captain George Tooke 169, 808 

'' Musse Etonenses'*and Dr. W.George 575, 581, 808 
Rt. Rev.Dr. JohnBuckner, Bp.of Chidiester 940, 809 

Rev. Osmund Beauvoir, D. D 351, 747, 809 

^Mr.WalpoleandMr.Cole 711, 809 

Mr. Joseph CoUyer ibid. 

Rev. Charles Jenner, M. A 563, 810 

Rev. Sir James Stonhouse, Bart 566, 811 

Another Reverend Baronet of the same Name ibid. 

Arthur Pond and James Neifeon 603, 819 

George Scott, Esq. of Wolston Hall 606, 813 

The Family of Sumner 687, 813 

Mr. Ralph Thoresby; of Leeds 707, 813 

John Fothergill, M.D 737,816 

Rev. WilKam GostHng, M. A 345, 747, 816 

Rev. William Manning, B. D 445, 750, 816 

Rev. Robert Uvedale, LL. D. . . 485, 755, 781, 816 

The PLATES intended for this Volume are, 

Mr. JameftBasire to face the TUU, 

Mr. John Holt p. 91 

Dr. Hawe8*s Monument 189 

Robert Mylne, Esq. 933 

Bishop Trevor * 941 

Window at Stationers* Hall 549 

William Cuming, M. D. : 589 

Mr. Peter CoUinson 609 

Rev. J<T. Desaguliera 641 

BUiop North 669 

John Pothei^U, M. D 740 

Bishop Butler 744 

Ptae-«Unile Letter of Pope 798 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( 1 ) 





" Historical, Monumental, and Genealogical Col- 
lections relative to tKe County of Gloucester ; printed 
from the original Papers of the late Ralph Bigland*, 
Esq. Garter Principal King of Arms. Wo. I. Con- 
taining the Parishes of Abberihall^ Abston and Wick, 
Acton Iron, Acton Turville, Adlestrop and Alder- 
tonf-j" Folio. 

* Of whom see before^ vol. VIII. p. 713. 

t " This modest work, which professes to be little more than 
a Collection of Monumental Inscriptions, and ' rather an Histoty 
of tk» Inhabitants of Gloucestershire than of the Shire itself/ was 
begun, about 30 years ago, by the late Ralph Bigland, Esq. 
principally to obtain information relative to his profession. It 
was not tUl he found the Collections increase on his hands, and 
had been repeatedly solicited by his friends in that his natiTe 
CouniT, that he entertained thoug^hts of offering them to the 
Pbbliek. This was to have betn done in a new Edition of Sir 
Roger Atkyns's ' Antient and Present State of Gloucestershire ;* 
but the business of the College of Arms beginning at that time 
to increase, and Mr. Herbert having in the mean time reprinted 
Atkyns, and Mr. RuddcB having formed a new History of the 
County $ the Publick have been deprived of the benefit of such 
an excellent design, and obliged to content themselves with 
very meagre compilations of others, to which the present work 
can only serve bs an Appendix, in the article of Epitaphs-^Pamh 
Begigiers-^Imcumbenis — and a few short notes at the head of 
tachPkrish. These afe embellished with Hates of many Churches, 
diawn and engraved by that ingenious artist Mr. Thomas Bon- 
jwr." Mr. Gough, in Gent. Mag, ^oi LVL p. 10C«. 

Vol. IX. B « The 

Digitized by 



*'The Persian Heroine. A Tragedy *. By Rich- 
ard-Paul Jodrell, Esq." 8vo. and 4to. 

* " lliis original composition is introduced by a Prefece, which 
might be justly denominated ' The Lamentation of an Author ;' 
who, having sinned against the majesty of the Managers of Druiy 
Lane Theatre, and suffered under their sentence (which, it seems, 
is as irrevocable as the Laws of the Medes and Persians), appeals 
from it to the great tribunal of the Publick. ' The Public Reader 
must thei^efore now decide on the merits of this Tragedy -, and 
to that tribunal, havirig first guarded, the property by Law/ [en- 
tired in Stationers Hall,] ' the Author appeals with confidence.' 
We heartily wish his hope deferred may not make his heart sick ; 
and that, since there is in London no Temple of Apollo, wherein 
' eminent characters decide on the merits of poetical candidates,' 
as at Rome j nor private rehearsal before the company and the 
Author himself, as in France ; he may find himself at least reim- 
bursed the expence of Printing by this appeal 5 which is not from 
the caprice or political discretion of a L«rd Chamberlain, or the 
fnantis expurgatoria of a Licenser of Stage Plays, but from some 
unknown Critic and Judge, concealed behind the shield of Linley 
and Harris, and perhaps afraid of a challenge in this fighting 
age. We wish a more impartial verdict may pass in the open 
court, but confess our recollection of very few instances in which 
such appeals have produced the desired effect. It is storied that 
the PeZradise Lost first emeiged from under a minoed-pie — such 
obscure beginnings of reputation has true genius. If every dis- 
appointed Author publishes an ofi^'ing to his own vanity, tlie 
world would not contain the books that should be prii^ted, nor 
would it prove a meat or a drink offering to the Compositor or 
Bookseller. — ^The Plaj before us is followed by a learned Comv^en- 
tary, justifying the Author's strict adherence to the manners of 
the times, or excusing his variations, in 6S instances, the con- 
tents of which remind us of the contents of Sir Thomas Browne*a 
Vulgar Errors.** — Mr. Gough, in Gent, Mag. vol. LVI.p. 586. 

" This Tragedy is introduced to us by a Preface, in which the 
Author^ who is well known in the literary world, exhibits a com- 
plaint against the Managers of Drury-Lane Theatre. To this no 
answer has been given ; and the charge, while it remains unre- 
futed, must be considercd as founded in truth. The substance 
of Mr. Jodreirs accusation is this : — He. sent a printed copy of 
bis Play, by Mr. Nichols, to Drury-Lane, in September 1784> 
in the Author*s name, requesting the attention of the Manager 
to a new Production. On the 15th of October following, the 
Piece was returned to Mr. Nichols, being rejected for that season, 
an4 probably for ever. It appeared that this was a very hastj 
decbion, no more than 17 pages being cut open, and of course 
nothing read beyond the fourth scene of the second Act. In the 
month of December following, the Author expostulated with 
Dr. Ford, who seemed to think (hat the injured have no right to 

complain : 

Digitized by 



. '' A Supplement to die Fifth Edition of CoiKns't 
Peerage of England* : containing a general Aooount 

complain : he said, that, the Theatre being private property, the 
owners have a right to judge in the way most convenient to them- 
•rives. Mr. Jodrell, after this, condescended to put his Tragedy 
into the haiMk of Mr. Linley» one of the Proprietors of the 
Theatre, but with no better success. In May 1735, The Pertum 
Heroine w^ finally retuiiied, as unfit for repreeentation.' We 
are further told, that Mr. Harris, the Manager of Covent Garden 
Theatre, was also of qpinion that the Play was unworthy of ac- 
ceptance : but against this gentleman there were no circun^ 
stances of illiberal behaviour -, he only dififei^ from the Autlbor. 
By the Drui7-Lane Managers Mr. Jodrell thinks he was slighted; 
and he concludes with wishing that the Theatre, as a National 
€ono^-n, were under proper regulation, and not left to the dis- 
cretion of men who consider it as a mere warehouse, which they 
have purchased, and where they may, with English liberty, do 
as they like. — Such is the complidnt of Mr. JodreU. — We shaU 
not enter further into the dispute, than to observe, that, for the 
honour of letters and the encouragemeot of genius, it were much 
to be wished that Managers may at all times recollect, that 
tbey are stationed at the head of a branch of Literature which 
has done honour to this Country, and may make further addi- 
^ns, if gentlemen and scholars are sure of meeting with liberal 
treatment. Mr. Garrick (notwithstanding some objections that 
have been made to his management) has left to his suocesson a 
model for their imitation : If he accepted a Flay, by hia friendly 
criticisms the Piece was often made better ; if he rejected it, he 
coBvinced the Author, by giving his reasons, that he had read 
the Rece -, and for his decisions he hdd hin^elf accountable to 
the Publick. If the Managers of Dmry-Lane cannot imitate Mr. 
Garrick in the former part of his conduct, it is surely in their 
power to atone for natural d^ciencies, by that civility which is 
due to leamiBg and genius.*' Monthly Review, voL LXXV, p, 54. 

Richard-Paul Jodiell, Esq. the respectable Author of this Trsi- 
gedy, is a gentleman of great emdition, as is evident by his ex- 
cellent Commentaries on Euripides. He is also a very useful and 
Exemplary Magistrate, and highly esteemed in private life. — He 
is brother to Sir P^ Jodrell M. D. Physician to the Nabob of 
Arcot ; for whom, from similarity of name, and from both being 
Dramatic Writers, he has been sometimes mistaken. — Henry 
iodrdl, Esq. (a Commissioner of Bankrupts, many years Recorder 
of Great Yarmouth ; M. P. for that town 1796 j and for Bramber 
in 1804, 6, and 7) who died March 1 1 , 1814, was another brother. 

* " A Work of this nature requires great industry and appli- 
cation, and a particular talent for that species of minute inves- 
tigation which an accurate Genealogist ought to possess. — With 
these qualifications, Mr. Longmate iq>pears to be endowed in a 
vay considerable degree ; and the present work is an emintet 
]Voof of it.'' J^onihfif Review, vqI LXXV. p. 285. 

B 2 of 

Digitized by 



of the Marriages, Births, Promotions, Deaths, &c. 
which have occurred in each Family, from that Pub- 
lication in the year 1779 to the present Time. 
Also an Account of those Families which have been 
advanced to the English Peerage, whether by 
Descent or Creation, since that Period ♦. With 
their Paternal Coats of Arms, &c. on 34 Copper- 
plates. By B.Longmate-f-, Editor of Collins,** 8vo. 

* *' This ' Supplemental Volume" should have been eariter no* 
tieed. The greater part of it was printed in April 17B4, and the 
ooficlusion of it in the September of tliat year. In the Preface the 
Editor says, '< In acknowledgment of the many favours received 
from sevmd of the Nobility, 1 have, at their particular d^ire, been 
some time collecting materials for publishing ' The Ektin^ 
Peerage of England,* to consist of genealogicad and historical 
accounts of all those faimilies which hare formerly possessed the 
dignity of Peerage, but have now lost that privilege, "by failure 
of issue-male, attainder, &c. Ifany Nobleman, or Gentleman, 
who may be in possession of original deeds and pedigrees, or 
other authentic particulars of any of those families, will be 
pleased to permit me to peruse them for (his undertaking, they 
may be assured they will be carefully used and safely returned.'* 

t Mr. Barak Longmate was an Engraver of eminence ; par- 
ticularly in the Heraldic line, a study to which he bad devoted 
his attention in early life, and in which he had acquired a dis- 
tinguished furoficiency. He published a very good Edition of 
"Collin6*s Peerage, 1779," 8 vols. 8vo. 5 the above Supplemen- 
tal Volume in 17S4 \ and compiled, in 17S9, a Genedogical 
History of the Client Family of O'Sullivan More (of whH:h 
hereafter) ; and died July 53, 1793, in the 56th year of his aee. 
His remains, attended by a few friends desifous of shewing him 
the last tribute of res^pect, were deposited, on the 57th, in the 
lower-burial ground of St. Mary-le-Bon, vwth those of Elizabeth 
his wife, who died in 1781, and of his father and mother (Barak 
and Elizabeth), all inhabitants of St. Jam«»s, Westminster. 
He left behind him a copy of his " Peerage" prefiared for a new 
Edition, which continues in the ]H)ssession of his son, Barak, 
who is also an heraldic engraver. He al!>o left an unblemished 
character ; and his loss was lamented by a circle extending f-jx 
be}'ond the sphere of his immediate relatives. His small but 
select Library, comprehending a cuiious Collection of Books 
on Heraldry, County Histoiy, .Anti(]uities, &c. with a great 
number of MS Connections, Additions, and Notes, by his own 
very neat and accurate hand ; and a large Collection of Heraldic 
MSS. collated or 'written by himself, mnny of them with the 
Arms emblazoned, Monumental Inscriptions, Visitations of 
Counties, Pedigrees, &c. &c.) was sold by Messrs. Leigh and 
Sotheby, ^larch 6 and 7. 1794 j and pitKluced only ^5/. 9i. 
9d. ; not a fourth part of what the persuasive (M'atory of Mr. 

. Leigh 

Digitized by 



/* Liber Regis; vel, Thesaurus Renim Ecclesias- 
ticarum. By John Bacon*, Esq. Receiver of the First 
Fruits -f-. With an Appendix, containing proper 
Directions and Precedents relating to Presentations, 
Institutions, Inductions, Dispensations, &c. and a 
complete Alphabetical Index;}:." 4to. 

Leigh would in the present times have extracted fixim the liberal 
purses of true-hearted Bibliocnaniacs. 

* Many years Senior Clerk and Receiver in the Office of Firet 
Fruits; and Treasurer of {he Anniversary of the Sons of the Oeiuy. 
In these prominent public departments, Mr. Bacon's general 
habits of business and frankness of disposition have Jong rendered 
him universally known and respected. He was elected F. S. A. 
in 1774 ', and, at an advanced period of life, is enjoying robust 
health at his Tusculum in Priarn Bamet, where he is Lord of an 
€3^ tensive domain, most honourably acquired. 

t " This useful compilation is fornied on the foundation of 
' Ecton's Thesaurus,' which it nearlyv doubles in quantity, greatly 
exceeds in accuracy, and almost wholly su|)ersedes. ' — Gent. Mag. 
Xf7.498.— Tlie Work wasori5inalfypublishedin8vo.l718,by John 
Ecton, Receiver-general of the Clergy's Tenths, under the title of 
" Liber Valonim&Decimarum,&c.;" republished 1723 and 17^8, 
8V0.5 andagain, under the title of *' Thesaurus Kenim Ecclesiastic' 
carum, &c. 1742,and 1754," 4to. Afourth Edition, *' wherein the 
appropriations, dedications, and patronages of churches have been 
revised, corrected* and placed in reguIaF order under their re- 
spective Archdeaconries, with numerous additions, by Browne 
Willis, LLD. to which is added a complete alphabetical index," 
came out in 1763, 4to. — Mr. Ecton published also, " The State of 
the Proceedings of the Corporation of Governors of the Bounty of 
Qaeen Anne, for the Augmentation of the Maintenance of the' 
poorClei^, giving a particular Account of their Omstitution, 
£eDe£fcCtions, and Augmentations, with Directions to such as 
desire to become Benelkrtors to so Pious and Charitable a Work. 
The second Edition, with a continuation to Christmas, 1720. 
London 1721/' 8vo. These Accounts have since been more than 
once presented to the Publick, under the authenticated shape 
of** lieports** to the Hoase of Commons. 

I Mr. Bacon's Preface received some animadversions in Gent. 
M:^. vol. LVI.pp.939, 1027: and in vol. LVll. the late Dr. John 
Loveday (under th€ assumed name of Findex) observes, "It is some* 
wliat remarkable, that ' John Bacon, Ksq.* should, in the Pre> 
fece to his * Liber Regis,' transcribe verbatim, from that prefixt 
to ' Thesaurus Rerum Ecclcsiasticarum,' Lond. 1742, and not so 
much as once mention the name of John Ecten, Esq.* which 
appears in the title-page of the said ' Thesaurus.' By this omis- 
lion one might be led to imagine that his publication of last year 
was an entirely new apd original Workj the title-page repre- 

Digitized by 



^^ Catalogue of a small Libraiy at St. Petersburg,** 
printed for the Rev. Dr. John Glen-King. 8vo. 

seating it as ' printed for the Author.* That it is an improve^ 
ment of Ecton, there can be no doubt j though there can be no 
doubt likewise, that it seems to be an unexampled specimen of 
the grossest plagiarism. How is such conduct to be accounted 
for ? It is also to be remarked, that the omissions and correc- 
tions, added by Ecton to his Work [edit. 1742, in pages 783 — 
784], have not been accurately attended to. The ' List of Be- 
nefkctions to Livings augmented by the Bounty of Queen Anne/ 
&c. which immediately follow Ecton's Preface, is not admitted 
by Mr. Bacon. A Correspondent in p. 10«7> col. 2, of your last 
volume, asserts that Browne Willis was the Author of this Preface. 
But of this some doubt may be entertained ; as, in the Edition 
of 1742, * the Editors * acknowledge their obligations * to that 
learned and communicative Antiquary." [In a Letter to Mr. 
North, Oct. 20, 1741, Mr. Willb tells him, '* We have preserved 
near half the Valor, and the Dedications are bravely recovered 
in most Counties 5 in about 30 Counties, not 20 Dedications 
are wanting in each County."] Another Correspondent ob- 
serves, " Mr. Bacon may be excused, perhaps, for having 
altered the title, and put his own name only to it 5 because 
he had the same right as others to publish' from the ori- 
ginal MS. to which he has access by his Office. But surely he 
should, in a Preface, ha\e acknowledged his obligations to former 
Editors, whose additions and improvements he has throughout, 
and very properiy, copied. He should likewise have told us 
what he himself has done, and not have sent the book into the 
world without a syllable of explanation. — Mr. Bacon has added 
many short notes of payments to and from livings, quantity of 
glebes, and nature of tithes, which might, if they are to be de- 
pended upon, be very liseful to Clergymen, to maintain their 
rights, or recover their property : but that utihty is lost, because 
we are not told upon what authority they are founded. The 
same may be said of the present value of livings, which is like- 
wise frequently inserted. This, indeed, if it were accurately 
ascertained, would not long continue the same. Livings are 
perpetually altering in value from various accidents. But for 
some time at least it might be useful ; and it would certainly be 
pleasant to know what degree of credit is due to it, a^d how it 
was obtained. On the whole, I think that Mr. Bacon ought 
yet to publish, if it were but a single page of Preface, to give 
such necessary information as is usually given by E<Htors, which 
would add to the value of his book, and is indeed due in part to 
his own reputation. ITie list of bene&cdons, I suppose, wasT 
omitted because it would have swelled the volume, which has 
already grown, it must be confessed, to a greater size than is 
convenient. Yet it might, perhaps, be of some use to know 
what livings hare been augmented 3 and it would not have taken 


Digitized by 



^^ The Triumph of Beneyoience; a Poemj oc- 
casioned by tlie National Design of erecting a Mo- 
nument to John Howard, Esq. * The Second Edi- 

up much room to have added the letters aug. in the body of the 
Work, to such as have received the Bounty.** 

Having at the time consulted Mr. Bacon on the subject, I 
took the liberty, in his name, to add the following explanation : 
"It may be necessary to refer to the second paragraph in the 
Preface to Mr. Bacon's book, where he says, < In order that the 
qature and efficacy of these Returns, taken upon the eve of the 
Refonnation, might be more clearly understood, he has pre- 
fixed the King's commission, with his instructions to the Com- 
missioners for the taking of the Survey ; and has made these 
original Returns, and the Liber R^is, his constant guide for 
the vahie.* — ^The first foundation for the taking of the Survey, 
to which Mr. Bacon alludes, is well known to the Clergy to have 
been an Act of Parliament, 26 Henry VIII j and in pursuance of 
that Act the Commissions and Instmctions, which he recites, 
were issued ; and the Returns regularly made, as required, into 
his Majesty's then Exchequer, and are now remaining with the . 
Officers of the Revenue of First Fruits. Those, he informs us, were 
his guide for the values ; t. e. all such additions as may be sup- 
posed to make a part of that value, viz. glebe-lands, tithes, &c. 
and which, as well as the whole of the references to the parti- 
culars of Monasteries, &c. appear clearly to be added as directions 
to the original records. And it is equally well known to the' 
Clergy, that the information respecting the patronage of livings, 
and the certified values of livings, proceeds from their Lordships 
the Bishops, who, to writs of enquiry, make returns, annually, 
or oftener if necessary, under their hands and se<ils, into that 
Office, of all such matters as have arisen, agi-eeable to the tenor 
of the writ, within a limited time. Mr. Bacon, no doubt, thought 
himself justified in adopting the whole Preface ; but it would, in 
our opinion, have been as well, had he given his intentions of 
the publication in a separate Advertisement, and then the Pre- • 
fiM^ as in the Editions of Kcton -, not but that it may be justly 
deemed an official record, the original MS. being supposed to 
be there lodged, and may, in that case, have descended to Mr. 
Bacon, not only officially, but lineally and lawfidly." 

Th^e pait iculars may not be unacceptable to my Clerical Readers ; 
more especially as the " Liber Regis*' is now become a scarce 
book, and a new Edition of it extremely desireablc. — ^The Rev. 
Jdbn Smith, rectoi* of Bredou in Worcestershire, made lar^ 
additions to Ecton, which are now in the hands of his son m 
Jaw, the Rev. Thomas M*Culloch, Rector of Wormley. 

* ** Among those who are earnest to demonstrate their zeal 
in a righteous cause (says the Author of this exquisite little Poem, 
to tbe Committee then earnestly engaged in a plan for erecting - 


Digitized by 



lion. Correct^ and enlarged. To which are added. 
Stanzas on the Death of Jonas Han way, Esq.*" 4to. * 

" Sepulchral Monuments inGreat Britain,'j^pplied 
to illustrate the History of Families, Manners, Ha- 
bits, and Arts, at the different Periods from the 
Norman Conquest to the Seventeenth Century, with 
Introductory Observations. Part I. containmg the 
Four first Centuries. [By Mr. Gough.] Folio. 

" Nenta Britannica\ ; or, an Account of some hun- 
dred Sepulchres of the antient Inhabitants of Bri- 
tain. In Numbers §. By the Rev. James Douglas, 
F.S.A." Folio. 

" The Captives, a Tragedy ||, by Dr. Delap.** 8vo. 

a Statae in honour of Mr. Howard), shall not the Muse be suf- 
fered to approach the Shrine of Howard with an oflfering ? 'fhe 
wreath she brings has been woven with animated haste ; but it 
IS a sincere testimony of her love, and as such wilt be received, 
—Your purpose, Gentlemen, being widely to circulate whatever 
may promote this truly virtuous design, if you should imagine th^ 
following Stanzas would assist the cause, they arc at yonr dis- 
posal, to be made public in any way you may think projier." 
On this subject see Gent. Mag. vol LVL "pp. GSl, 78S, 88^. 

* Thii excellent Poem, which passed through several Editions, 
was the anonymous production of Mr. S. J. Pratt ; well knowq 
by his numerous publications on subjects of philanthropy. 

t Of this splendid publication see vol. VI. pp. 285, 295. 

J " As thb is a singular Work, peculiarly adapted to illustrate 
the early part of the History of England, and of great import- 
ance to the Antiquary*, we have deviated a little from our plan, 
for the purpose of announcing to our Readers (especially those 
who admire the study of Antiquity) a publication which wilt 
a£ford both pleasure and profit. The Author has opened several 
antient tumuli, or sepulchres, in which are foimd, deposited 
with the dead, according to the custom of the times, a variety 
of instruments of war, culinary or domestic utensils, rings^ 
gems, coins, &c. These, and every circumstance relative to the 
tombs, are particularly described, and the tombs themselves, 
with all their contents, are represented in aquatinta plates, 
which are admirably adapted for conveying an accui-ate idea of 
antique relics. Mr. Douglas proposes to complete this curious 
performance in twelve numbers, each of which will contain 
three plates, the Author's own etching, and the written descrip- 
tion of what they represent.*' Monthly Review, vol. LXXVL p. 77. 
§ Tlie work was completed in one handsome volume. 
II This Tragedy was the production of the Rev. Dr. John De* 
lap, of Magdalen College, Cambridge j B. A. 1746 ; M. A. 1750 • 


Digitized by 



** A Pkn of Coalition * and Alliance with the 
Unitarian Church." 8vo. 

*' A Fragment on Shakspeare-|-, extracted from 
^ Advice to a Young Poet/ by the Rev. Martin 
Sherlock:!:. Translated from the French.*" 8vo. 

" On the Incarnation ; Preached at Newington 
in Surrey, Dec.. 25, 1785. By the Rev. Samuel 
Horsley, LL. D, F. R. S. Archdeacon of St. Al- 
bans/' 4to. 

" Novum Testanientum Graecum, h Codice 
MS. Alexandrino§, qui Londini in Bibiiothec& Mu- 

D.D. 1762 j Vicar of- the united Churches of I ford and Kings- 
ton, Suffolk, 1765; and Rector of Wollavington, in^ that County, 
1774. — Dr. Delap published six other Tragedies ; 1 " Hecuba, 
176^;" 2. "The Royal Suppliants, 1781 ;" S. "GuniWa, 1786;*' 
4. " The Usurper, 18()3 ;" 5. " Matilda, 1803 ;" 6. Abdalla, 
1S03." He was also the Author of a small Collection of " Ele- 
gies,*' 1760, 4to ; in which he very feelingly laments the want 
of health. — " Mundi perpetuus Administrator Christus; Concio 
ad Clerum, habita Cantabrigise, in Templo Bcatc Mariae, 
Aprilis 12mo, 176?> pro Gradu Doctoraliis in Sacr(i TheologiJl, 
1762 ;'• and of " An Elegy on the Death of hie Grace the Duke 
of Rutland, 1788," 4to. 

♦ " The Writer ridicules, with some wit and humour^ the 
plans and plots of Dr. Priestley against the Established Chiurh ; 
and, as a mean of avoiding the danger which thi*eatens it., he 
pniposcs to give up to the Doctor, and his S«x;inians, a church, 
with its portion of tithes, in every town. Such is the plan of 
the book, in which are intci's;* rsed many acute remarks. It is 
wxitten with considerable in::; vmity. We think, however, that 
Reason and Argument ai'e m'.ich titter weapons for religious con- 
troversy than Ridicule and Wit." Gent, Ma^, vol. LVL p. 418. 

t •* The French Pamphlet, from which this Fragment is trans- 
lated, IS itself a translation from the Italian. The ' physiognomy 
of the Author's style* ha^ been caught also by the English lYana- 
lator.'* Ibid. p. 779. 

♦ Of whcMD see memoirs in vol. VIII. p, 67. 

§ «' We congratulate the Christian world on the publication of 
this truly valuable work^ which, while it bears the most unequi- 
vocal testimony tot lie learning and industry of the Editor, con- 
fers distinguished honour on our age and countr}'. The work 
itself not being an object of criticism, we can only say in general^ 
tb^t it possesses every internal mark of fidelity." M. R, LXVL 545. 

" The Alexandrine MS. (as it is called) of t he Old and New Testa- 
ment had been accurately examined by Patrick Young, Keeper of 
fhe King's Library, as soon as it was placed there. He comniu- 


Digitized by 



sei Britannici asservatur, descriptum a Carolo Go- 

nicated its various readings to Archbishop Usher^ Grotius^ aad 
other learned men; and had fbrmed a design of piinting (h^ 
whole, in fac-simile types, of which, in 1643, he printed a spe- 
cimen containing the tirst chapter of Genesis, with notes, and 
left behind him scholia as far as to the fifteenth chapter of Num- 
bers. The intrinsic merit of this ancient MS. of the Scriptures^ 
and it» preference to that in the Vatican, had been fully esta- 
blished by the learned Dr. Grabe, when he published from it 
the Octateuch, in 4 vols, folio and octavo, 1707, 1709, 1719, 
1720. Among his papers were found, after his death, the Alex- 
andrian tpxls of the New Testament, and of Saint Clement's 
Epistles, with notes by Young, who assumed the name of Junius, 
But he never discovered his design of printing them, and so com- 
pleting the edition of the whole MS. lest he should prejudice the 
sale of his friend Dr, Mill's New Testament, as Dr. Hickes assures 
us. It was reserved, therefore, for the industry and applieatioQ 
of Dr. Woide, one of the Librarians to the Britisli Museum, to 
rescue this valuable MS. from the fete which befcl a MS. of the 
Septuagint in the Cottonian Library, of equal antiquity, type, 
and value, and of w^ich a very few fragmer ts escaped the fire in 
1733, by adopting the fac-simile mode of publication, which, 
from the great expence attending it, has unfortunately been 
adopted in so few instances *. The abilities of Mr. Joseph Jack- 
son, letter-fouuder, were equal to the expressing, by types, the 
transcript made by Dr. VVoide's own hand t» which he twice 
carefully collated with the original j and from Mr. John Nichols's J 
press has now issued, at nine months' end, this curious work, to 
which a numerous and respectable list of subscribers § have pre- 
fixed their attestation. The learned Editor introduces his work 
by a Latin Preface ||, containing, in seven sections, the history, 
desciiption, age, merit, and style of the MS. his motives for un- 
dertaking, and his manner of conducting, this edition. — ^The 

* Only the Acts of the Apostles, iti Greek and Latin, in % BoUieiaii 
Ms. published by Heanie, Oxford, 1715, and two fragments of the Four 
Ooipt^ls at Wolfttnbuttel, by Kniuel. 

f in which he was assisted by Dr. John Butler, at that time Bishop of 
Oxford, who bad obtained leave to have the MS. itftelf at his house in 
London, but was prevented by the duties of his Diocese. Mr. Harper 
also, of the British Museum, kindly went over the collation with him. 

X To whom Dr. Woide pays a compliment in his preface, p. xxx 

§ Near 450, at 2/. SU. the set for the common paper, and 5/. 55 for the 
fine paper copies, of which only 25 won* printed. Ten copies were taken 
©if on vellum ; but of these no more than six had the notes and 
illustrations. See a more particular account of the destination of these 
ten ci>[)ies in Gent. Mag. LXIX. 47. 

11 Dr. Woide's Preface, with the whole of his various readings, was re- 
published at Leipsic, in 1790, in an 8vo volume of 47() pa^es, under the 
title of '* (i'aroli Godofredi Woidii, Notitia Codicis Alexamiriiti, cum va> 
riis tjus T.ectionibus omnibus. Recudenduui curavit^ Notastpie adjecit, 
M. Gottlieb JLcberecht Spobii," 


Digitized by 


1786:] ©F THE %l6BTEtoiTH CENTURY. , II 

dofredo Woide*, S. Th.D. Soc. Reg. et Antiq. Lond. 
R^. Getting, et Phys. Ged. Socio, Eccles. Unit. 

EBstory of the MS. as fer as the Donor's attestation of it goes is 
wdl known^ and Dr. Woide (Confirms what is therein set forth : 
that it was written in Egypt, by a laidy named Thecla, and her 
companions in the monastic life, after the Coimcil of Nice, and was 
the property of the Greek Patriarch of Alexandria, till brought 
away by Cyrill to Constantinople, and by him presented to 
Charles 11. The letters are of the pattern called tmciaU upright, 
elegantly cut, and round, and ranged in double columns. — 'fho 
whole Bible is comprised in four volumes ; the Old Testament 
in the three first, and the New Testament, now printed, in the 
fourth. But the bookbinder has pared the margin so close as, 
in some instances, to have cut off part of the writing, and, in 
general, most oi the red-letter contents. The first 5, and part 
of the 6th chapters, to the middle of verse 6, of St. Matthew, 
are wanting ; also from vi. 50 to viii. 53 of St. John, and from 
iv. 13 to xii. 6 of ^ Corinthians, besides sundry slicings of the 
binder's knife. — Dr. Woide was in possession of the collations of ' 
the Vatican MS. by the celebrated Dr. Richard Bentleyf , as well 
as of others from MSS. in France and Spain, which, but for 
fear of increasing the unavoidable delays of the present publica- 
tion, he intended to have annexed. He contented himself, there- 
fore, with subjoining to this splendid e<lition 90 pages of Varia- 
tions in the Alexandrine MS. as stated by Young, Walton, Mill, 
Grabe, and Wetstein." Mr, Gough in Gent Mag. vol. LVl. p. 497 • 

* Reader and Chaplain at the Dutch Chapel in the Savoy, 
and one of the Assistant Librarians of the British Museum.' 
His first preferment in this country was the Preachership 
of the Dutch Chapel Royal at St. James's (succeeding the Rev. 
Bernard Drimel, a native of Frankfort on the Oder, who died in 
June 1770) ) to which he sodu after added the Readership of 
the same Chapel. In 1778 h^- was elected F. S. A. ; and in that 
year distinguished himself by revising through the Clarendon 
Pre^, " Christiani Scho1t2 Grammadca ^gyptiaca, utriusque 
Dialect! } quam breviavit, illustravit, edidit, Carolus Godofredus 
Woide, S. A.S.5" and also " I^exicon iEgyptiaco-Latinum, ex 
?eteribu8 illius Linguse Monumentis summo Studio collectum, 
&c. a Maturino Veyssiere la Croze, &c.** both in quarto. 

" Egyptian Literature was but slightly regarded in Europe before 
the 17 th ccntui7 ; and might, perhaps, have been still so, if De la 
Valle had not brought to Rome, from Egypt, among other Cu- 

t Dr. Woide made these collations from Dr. 6entley*8 copy, then in iht, 
pottetiion of hia nephew, Dr. Richard Bentley, Sector of Nailston in Lei- 
oestershire, who would not trust his uncle's collation to be «ent to London; 
but, tbcough the medium of the Rev. John Cole Gallaway, then vicar of 
Hinckley, Dr. Woide was allowed the liberty of collating it, for one fort- 
mghi, at Mr# Gallawa^'s vicarage. 


Digitized by 



Conf. Bohem. in PoL Maj. Sehiore, Sacelli Regii, 
Belg,, et Prot. Ref. Germanici Ministro^ Musei 

riofiities, some Coptic or Egyptian Manusaripts, of which he 
gave the perusal to Athanasius Kircher, a voluminous but %'ery 
indifierent writer, in regard to solidity and fidelity. Kircher^ 
however, has the merit of being the first who published a book 
relating to the Egyptian Language, under the title LinguM 
^gyptiaca RestittUa, which was, in fact, nothing but the Ma- 
nuscript Dictionary or Vocabulary of De la Valle. Theodore Pe- 
trasus, who had been in Egypt in the same Century, enriched 
Europe with several valuable Manuscripts ; and he, well under- 
standini;^ the Egyptian tongue, would have pro\ ed a restorer of 
Egyptian Literature, had he met with proper encouragement : 
but he could no where find it, not even in London, where he 
printed the first psalm as a specimen of the Egyptian Language. 
Fortunately his Manuscripts were sold to the Elector of Branden* 
burgh, and placed in his Library at Berlin. — Dr, Wilkins, a 
German, and La Croze, a Frenchman, distinguished themselves, 
in the beginnirtg of the 18th Century, by their cultivation of the 
Eg}'ptian tongue. The former met with encounu^ement and 
preferment in Eni^land ; and printed at Oxford, in 171^» the 
Egyptian New Testament, in the Coptic (»r Lower Egyptian 
dialect. He also printed the Pentateuch, at London, in <731. 
But being unarcpiaiiited with the Sahidic or Upper Egyptian 
<lialect, he mistook the Sahidic or Thebaidic Manuscripts in the 
Bodleian Library for faulty Cupiic ones. La Croze being Li- 
brarian to ;he King of Prussia at Berlin, and ha\ ing free access 
to the Egyptian Manuscripts of Petrous in that Library, com- 
piled from these and some other Manuscripts, a valuable Dictio- 
naiy, which he finished in l/T'Z. He was much assisted in this 
imdcrtaking by Dr. Jablonsky, a learned Professor at Franckfort, 
who collected bevcral materials ior him in the Bodleian Library, 
and that of the French King at Paris. Dr. Jablonsky gave La 
C'nize the first hint that, beside the Coptic dialect, theie waa 
another of Upper Eg)pt, which is now commonly called, the 
Sahidic or Thebaidic dialect. He sent him likewi.-e a transcript 
of a Manuscript of this kind (No. 393, Huntington, in the Bod- 
leian Library) de Mysteriin Literarum Grcucamin, from which La 
Croze took Colleclionem vocum qnarundam Sahidicarum, which is 
annexed to his Dictionary. Jablonsky, who, on his Traveb, had 
copied several Egyptian Manuscripts, communicated them to his 
brother-in-law, Mr. Scholtz, Chaphiin in Ordinary to the King 
of Pitissia ; who, being furnijihed with the Manubcripts at Beriin, 
and the Dictionary of La Croze, wrote in 1750, an Egyptian 
Grammar, of both dialect*?, in two vols. 4to. Se\eral learned 
men wUhed that both the Dictionary and the Grammar might 
be publiihed j but they could not find a Printer furnished with 
Eg)ptian . tA pes, or who would hazard the undeitaldug ; i\\\, at 


Digitized by 




Britannici Bibliothecario. Ex Prelo Joannis Nichols, 
Typis Jacksonianis.** folio. 

last, the University of Oxford, on a noble principle of much spi- 
rit, determined to take the business in hand. When tl)e Dictio- 
nary was printing, Mr. Woide was desired to make some addi- 
tioDs to it ; but this not being proposed to him till more than 
4ialf the work was printed off, he could extend his reui^ks 
to three letters only ; and, to render the undeilaking more use- 
ful, he added an index. He has, however, with incredible pains, 
copied the several materials, which are necessary for his purpose, 
finom Bianuscripts in the Bodleian, Parisian, and other Libraries -, 
and we are told that these extensive supplements will be printed 
separately. — It was intended to print the Grammar of Mr. 
Scholtz, in two 4to vols, immediately after the Dictionary, but 
it being found too voluminous, Mr. Woide has, very properly, 
abridged it ; and the work, so far from losing by his abridge- 
ment, has gained very considerably ; for Mr. Woide has care- 
fully examined, corrected, and improved the Grammar, by 
means of Manuscripts unknown to Mr. Scholtz, of which he 
gives an account in the Preface prefixed to the Grammar. As to 
the Sahidic part, which is now to be found in this Grammar, we 
must not forget to mention that it was entirely supplied by Mr. 
Woide. — ^The late Mr. Swinton of Oxford intended to liave added, 
to this work a dissertation De Nummis Copto-Phctniciis, part of 
which is actually printed off 3 but the i-emainder cannot be found 
among his papers. Mr. Woide likewise informs us, that, be- 
'sidc some curious books in the dialect of Upper Egypt, there is 
a very ancient and valuable ti*ans]ation of the New Testament, 
of which he intends soon to give an account, and to publish the 
various readings j and we hope it will not be long before he fiil- 
6l8 his promise, made at the end of the Preface to the Grammar, 
to gratify the curiosity of the learned with his dissertation on the 
Egyptian language and its charSu:ters. We do not doubt but 
there will appear several things, in this branch of Literature, 
which are altogether new \ and we join in opinion with a Right 
Reverend Prelate, who, in his Prefece to his applauded Commen- 
tary on Isaiah, thinks that the Publick will be benefited by it*.*' 
In 1782, Mr. Woide was appointed an Assistant Librarian at 
the British Museum, at first in the dej)artment of Natural His- 
tory ; but very soon after in one more congenial to his studies, 
that of Printed Books. On the publication of the Alexandrian 
New Testament, his literary fame was incontestably fixed. He 
had before obtained the degree of D. D. from the University 
of Copenhagen 5 in 1786 was created D, C. L. at Oxford ; and in 
I7S8 was elected F. R. S. He was seized with an apoplectic fit, 
Blav 6, 1790, while at Sir Joseph Banks's converzatione ; where 
«very assistance Has administered to him, and he was attended 

• Mouthly Review, vol. LX. pp. 1—3. 


Digitized by 



^^An Account of the several Workhouses for 
employing and maintaining the Poor; setting 
forth the Rules by which they are governed, their 
great usefulness te the Publick, and particularly to 
the Parishes where they are erected ; as also of se- 
veral Charity Schools for Promoting Work and 
Labour*." The Second Edition, 8vo. 

" The Affectionate Father, a Sentimental Comedy; 
together with Essays oh various Subjects +. By 
James Nelson, Author of an Essay on the Govern- 
ment of Children.*' 8vo. 

by Dr. Carmichael Smith: but died next day, at his apart- 
ments in the British Museum. By his wife (who died Aug. 1?, 
1782) he left two daughters. 

* " This Work, which was first printed in IT'^S, takes in 
Country as well as London Workhouses : of the latter that in 
Bishopsgate-street, St. Giles's Cripplegate, Whiteohapel, in Ay- 
liff-street, Wapping, Limehouse, Mile-End, Ratcliif, Greycoat- 
hospital in Westminster, St Giles's and St. Martin'a-in-the- 
Fields, and St. James's.*' 

f " The moral of this Comedy is worthy of the pen of a 
writer, who has at heart the true interest of his fellow-creaturet. 
It teaches, in the words of the Author, that ' virtuous princi- 
ples produce virtuous actions ) and virtuous actions are the 
surest gi'ound on which to build the happiness of society.' Mr. 
Nelson's scenes aim at the noblest end, and in a moral sense 
-are superior to the wit and brilliancy of a Congreve. Whether 
the plot is conducted with that dramatic artifice which ensures 
success on the Stage, need not be made a question, when the 
piece is only offered to the Reader in his closet. This mode of 
conveying instruction is well chosen ', the characters are pro- 
duced in action j and may, therefore, be attended with a better 
effect than in the way of Essay-wiiting. On the other subjects 
not susceptible of the dramatic form, Mr. Nelson has given se- 
veral disseitations, and made an useful miscellaneous collection % •* 

The benevolent Author was an Apothecary in respectable prac- 
tice in Red Lion Square, where he resided for more than half 
a century. He died, three days before completing his 84th year, 
April 19, 1794. Peculiar chearfulness and benevolence of heart 
marked the whole of his long aod useful life ; in the course of 
which he experienced many and severe trials ; all which he bore 
with Christian fortitude and resignation. His treatise on the 
Government of Children, under the heads of Health, Manners, 
and Education, will ever remain a valuable legacy to posterity §. 

♦ Monthly Review, vol. LXXIX. p. 85. 
§ See Gent. Ufkg. vol. LXIV. p. 508. 

A Me. 

Digitized by 



*^ A Method to preserve Peach and Nectarine 
Trees from the Ejects of the Mildew ; and for des- 
troying the Red Spider in Melon Frames, and other 
Insects, which infest Plants in Stoves, and Trees, 
Shrubs, &c. in the open Garden. By Robert 
Browne, Gardener to iSir Harbord Harbord, Bart, 
at Gunton in Norfolk." 12mo, 

" Ancient Scottish Poems, never before in Print; 
but now published from the Manuscript Collections 
of Sir Richard Maitland of Lethington, Knight, 
Lord Pnvy Seal of Scotland, and a Senator of the 
College of Justice. Comprizing Pieces written 
from about 1420 till 1586. With large Notes, 
and a Glossary." [By Mr. Pinkerton.] 2 Vols. 8vo. 

" The Speeches of Mr. Wilkes in the House of 
Commons*,'' 8vo. 

'* Remarks upon Dr. Priestley's Second Letters 
to the Archdeacon of St Albau's, with Proofs of 
certain Facts asserted by the Archdeacon -f-." 8vo. 

* 'Mt is but lately that this handsome edition of Mr. Wilkea's 
Speeches came to our hands. It contains, as the Pi*eiace assures 
ns, ' a fiftithfiil transcript of the three volumes which the same 
Editor formerly printed in 12mo. with the addition of several 
Speeches since the period of the last publication, drawn from 
the same sources witii equal diligence and attention.' The ad- 
ditional orations contain a considerable quantity of new matter^ 
on the most interestiDg subjects. Among others, we have Mr. 
Wilkes's excellent Speech on the ' Bill for the fiirther Relief of 
Protestant Dissenting Ministers and School-masters ;' which is 
both argumentative and entertaining. , The Dissenters, vfete, 
indeed, greatly obliged to. their witty and sensible advocate on 
this occasion. The £ditor has added Notes where he deemed 
some explanation necessary.'* Monthly Review, vol. LXXIX. p.aj. 
— ^This is the only complete and correct Edition of Mr. Wilkes's 
Speeches ; and it is now become Liber vald^ rarissinius, 

t About this period the following Letter was addressed to Dr. 
IViestley by Mr. Gough^ on the general complexion of his con- 
troversial writings : 

'^ Sir, Unknown as you are to me except by your writings, I 
cannot but grieve to see Dr. Priestley engaging in controversy with 
every anonymous adversary that Ihrows about his squibs in the 


Digitized by 



^^ Concilia*; or, Thoughts upon several Sub- 
jects ; affectionately submitted to the Consideration 
of a Young Friend. By Samuel Birch -f-. The Se- 
cond Edition, corrected and enlarged." 8vo. 

Newspapers. Im the King of Israel come out to Itunt a partridge in 
the mountains 9 /Ifter whom dost thou pursue ? Is it not after a 
dead dog or a flea 9 Let that conscious pride which taught you 
to make your submissions to Dr. Blacka»tone, teach you to despisa 
such antagonists as C. C. and the rest who make you fret like a 
Lion among mice or bees, and make you lose that temper and 
candor so essential to a champion for Liberty. — But a word iu 
your ear from a friend ! You are not the proper champion for 
the cause you have espoused. Liberty, ci?il and religious, is to be 
defended by Distjuisitions as candid as free -, not by flying pam- 
phlets, whose price and number bear more proportion to the Au- 
tfaor*s indemnification than to the reader's information ; whose 
partial representation betrays the writer's ignorance of the true 
state of the case in general ; and whose hasty conclusions, like 
newspaper lies, only serve as pleas for a new publication to cor- 
rect or retract them. Come and spend one winter among us in 
the Metropolis -, and you will find the characters of your brethren, 
both Clergy and Laity, widely different from what you represeat or 
experience them in the Province of York. But, if you do come, 
don't provoke the Publick to draw their characters by your pallia- 
tions. No, Sir ; keep your station of a Philosopher and a Philo- 
logist 'f and, while you candidly explore and set forth truth in 
tl^se walks, for the sake of that liberty you contend for, do not 
give your congregation any more red-hot discoiu-ses from the 
pulpit, which your best friends would tremble to see from the 
press. With respect for your talents> and compassion for your 
temper, lam, &c. G." 

* '* We hope this lively young Author will not take it as a re- 
flection (we assure him it is not meant so) if, by way of exor- 
dium, we tell our Readers that this is the second capacity in 
whkh be has very lately entertained us. His omtions, in a sena- 
torial capacity, in the Council-chamber at Guildhall, are remark- 
able for neatness and energy. His ConsiUa are now subjudice $ 
and Mr. Deputy Birch ne^ not be ashamed of coming into 
Court.-^— In his Preface he tells us, ' The following sheets, which 
were originally written for private perusal, are now offered to 
the I\iblick. The very flattering reception with which a candid 
Publick has honoured them is of itself a suflicient apology for ob- 
truding a second impression. — ^The Author, well aware that they 
lie open to the criticism jof the world, hopes that the purity of 
his intention will secure him from the censures which otherwise 
the imperfection of them might occasion." Gent. Mag. L VIIl. 4S0. 

t Of this ingenious Writer, who has since become an Alder- 
man of London, and will most probably be Lord Mayor before 
this volume can be completed, see vol. VIII. p. 155. 

" A Decla- 

Digitized by 


1787-] OF THE Bf0HT££mB CSBITURY. 2^ 

^^ A Declaration of my last Sehtim^^ntd oft the 
different Doctrines of Religion *4 ' By the h^ Pierre 
Francois Le Courayer, D. D, Author of the* Dis- 
sertation on the Vali*y itrf £ngti«h Ordinations/ 
and Translator of ' The History of the Council of 
Trent/ by Pra. Paolo &rpf, land of 'The Hrstorv 
of the Refornoiation; by John Sl^idftrf^f*. Fbithftilly 
translated from the original French^ just published 
from the MS. of the Author. To which is prefixed^ 
an Account of Dn Courayer.'* Small 8vo. 

*' Liber Quotidianus Contrarotulatoris Garde- 
robe, Anno Kegni Regis Edwardi I. Vkeaimo Oc- 
tavo, A. D. 1299 & 1300 1. Ex CodicfeMS. in Bib- 
liotheca sua asservato Typts edidit S0O4 Antiq. Lon- 
dinensis^/' 4to. 

* For MeDMiirs of Dr. Coorayer, see voi. II. pp. 39—45 ; and 
Ibr this posthumous work in particular, p. 44. 

t On this publication, Courayer thus addressed Dr. Ducarel: 
'' Dbar Doctok, ' May 30, 1769. 

" I thank you for the information you cave me of the recep- 
tion of my last volume of Sleidan*8 TranMation. I wouki have 
had the honour to present' it myself to his Grace the Archbishc^ 
of Canterbury ; but, bsing unknown to htm/ and being beside 
almost blind aad deaf, I thought more proper to send it directly 
to the Library, espedatty after Miss TaJbot told me that the two 
first volumes were left there. I will be obliged to yon, however, 
if you be so good to present my respects to his Grace, and as- 
sure him, that, if it was not for my old age, and my deafheasT, I 
would be very glad to pay him my respects in person. I make 
use at the same thne of this opportunity to nemind you of onr 
old acquaintance -, and to assure you that I am, as much as ever, 
dear Doctor, your obedient servant, Pbt. Fi. Lb Coukaybr.** 

X I have, in my own small bat valuaUe Topographical Library, 
beautifiilly written on fine vellum, a simifer origina] Accompt- 
book of the same illustrious Monarch fortfaie years 1304 and 1306. 

§ This is one of those publications which will always do hc»- 
Bour to a Society instituted for the very purpose of dilscovering 
and pfeserving s«eh subjects. It is the Wardrobe Account of 
that great Prince, Edward i. for one c^ the mtet eventful years 
of his reign, it contains the establishment, both civil and mi- 
litary, of his ^th year, preserves the name and value of most 
artkles then in use, and gives a daily account of every expence 
and proceeding -, from whence foots may be cdkcted whereon 
foture inqtidrers into oor national history may rely, as being 
groonAd on the solid bfwis of certainty.— See aMler account of 
this corioos volume in Gent. Mag. vol. LVIL p. 700. 

Vol.. IX. C "Hiftorjr 

Digitized by 



^' Hiator^ and Antiquities of th^ Town, Castle, 
and College of Fotberingajr, in tha County of 
Northampton ♦•* 4to. 

^* A Sylloge of the vemaining authentic Inscrip- 
tions mative to tbt Erection of our English 
Chnrdies, embellished with a Number of Coppec 
Plates, ei^hibiting Fac-Similes of some of the most 
materiaVf • By the Rer. Samuel Pegge, M« A. [with 
a small Appemiix, by the Rev. John rridden, M. A .^'] 

•' Derwentt, an Ode," by John Carr ^, LL-D.'* 4to^ 

^* The AnidogY between the Light of Inspiration, 
and the light of Learning, as Qualifications for the 
Ministry :^-Preached in the Cathednil Church of 
Gloucester, at a public Ordination of Priests and 

* *' The Editor of these very useful Collectanea presents us, ii| 
the Fof^Mik Number, Dvkb the history of a place made interesting 
to the English Anttouary by a variety of events, but by none so 
itiuch as 1^ hamg Iwea the bat aceac of the life of the unf(>r- 
tiuMBte Queea af Scots, whom ' having attended to tlie block, he 
could not cUspense with following to the grave/ Her execution 
and fUnrnd are laigely discussed In the Appendix, from nev^r and 
hitherto unpubttsbsd nuitterials.** Gent. Mag. vol. LVIL p. 1€5. 

t " Thk Forty-first Number of the Bibliotheea Tapograpiiica 
Briiannka is an esedlent proof of the unimpaired and vigorous 
talenta of the worthy and respectable Antiquary its Author, who 
enjoys the vwida widitquetensctus in his retirement at Whitting^ 
ton ', and that he may complete a centurv in the like enjoyment, 
is the sincere and hearty wish of all who know bim^-— The collec- 
tion of 75 tnscriptioiia^ of whkh 40 are given in /se fimi^e, 
though confined to Religiout Structures, is a valuable accession 
to En^^ish Pakographp. Mr. Aatle, like Pere MontfiMicoQ, baa 
uodeiukem that part of it whieb relates to Manuscripts and 
Books. It was rese^-ed for Mr- P«f^ to collect specimens of it 
ftttm fiuildiBga and their Appendages, which he carries from be- 
fore the Conqucflt down to Henry Ylll. ; and Mr. Piidden conti- 
nues tl to the present centiury aad year. The epitapliial part be- 
lofiga to the departnefit of bepulcbral Monuments/* Mr, Goa^k, 
iM Gemt. Mag, LF//.7QI.''— This hitter depBftment waa eaeelietttlx 
auppbed by Mr. Gougti bonself, hi hU <' Sepukshrai Mommenta.*' 

t '^ThereiaMMntwbataf true siaipUei^ in these fond reoieia- 
besBces of |»t aoenet CM the baniM of the lUver Deiweat, v^iich 
conclude with a puHgyvic on Mr. MadiKm, ' ason of itsbanluw' 
Secreiaiy to the EmliMyal Pnia^ as before to Sir Josefih Yo«ie 
attbettfaue. HedkdatFuriaial788/* /&t(ip.90^ 

i iNuS^tiySebooliiviiteriiotiM»ai^VllLpwS|^^ 


Digitized by 



DeacoDs, Septembers, I787. % the Rev. Samuel 
Horaley, LL. D. F. R. S. Archdeacon of St AlbanV'' 
*^ A Poem to the Memory of Handel *.** 
" A brief Account, Historical and Critical, of 
theSeptuagint Version of the Old Testament. To 
which is added, a Dissertation on the Comparative 
Excellency of the Hebrew and Samaritan Penta- 
teuch. By the Rev. Dr. Henry Owen, F, R. S/' 

^* Characters of the Kings and Queens of Eng- 
land-|*, selected from different Histories ; with Ob- 
scrvations and Reflections, chiefly adapted to Com- 
mon Life; and particularly intended for the In- 
struction of Youui. To which are added. Notes 
Historical, by John Holt :{:,** 12mo. 

* By Edward Jones, Esq. the celebrated Author of '' Musical 
and Poetical Rclicks of the Welsh Bards 5'' see vol. VIII. p. 126. 

t " The method adopted by Mr. Holt is, to give r^larly, 
1. therarioos Characters of each Monarch -, 9. his own Observa- 
tions on them ; and, 3. Historical Remarks, indiiding the prices 
of sundry articles of Commerce, &c. with specimens of the va- 
rious chai^;e8 in the English language. — Hume and Smollett 
are the Historians to whom he is principally indebted for the 
' Royal Characters ;' and ' Anderson's Historical and Chrono- 
logical Deductions* have fiimished some quotations for his Re- 
narks. Of the latter, however, many are original, and do ho- 
nour to the Author's sensibility.*' Gent. Mag. vol, LVIL o. 999, 

X BIr. Hoh, who came, at an early age, ^m the neighbour- 
hood of Mottram Longendate in Lancashire, to the delightfol vil- 
lage of Walton, about three miles from Liverpool, set for- 
^vaurd in life with a very moderate education, but a lauda* 
bk thirst after knowledge. He studied and read a good deal, — 
as much, in short, as his other avocations would permit ; and 
aimed to make himself an useful member of society. He was 
educated with a view to his becoming a Dissenting Minister; 
but never thought proper tb take that office upon him 5 but 
becoming a member of the Church of England, conunenced 
SdHMl-master and FaHsh-clerk. The latter post he gave up a 
ahort time after; previous to which, he married a good and 
worthy woHian, wl^ they commenced a boardfaig-school for 
young la^es ; and, with much credit to themselves, and be- 
nefit to the paUidi, bmoght up maoy fenMlet, who b«ar 
ample testimony to the attaDtk^i that wa« paid to healtk and 
morals, as wdii as the really uMfol parts of learning. In ]787» 
^the foQofwing yedr, he published his three useful volumes ik 
^Chancten of the Kings and j^ueens of England.'* That hA 

cS was 

Digitized by 



" Notioes and DeK^riptiohs of Antiquities of th^ 
Prbvincia RomaDa of Gaul, now Provence, Lan- 

was a very singular and mimite observer of Nature ; and tbat the 
bent of bis studies was latteriy directed to those of Agriculture ; is. 
apparent ^hran his valuable Remarks in a long Tour taken tn the 
Summer of 1793, and his appropriate description of Mr.BSkJd*^ 
weirs Farm at Disbl^ in LMce^l^rshiref. He wrote also ''An. 
Essay on the Curie in Potatoes/' for which he recdved a Medal, 
from the Society of Arts, Manufhctiires, and Commerce 3 and was 
appointed surveyor of the County of Lancaster by the Board esta- 
blished far the promotion of that most useful hi. the 8ciences.> of 
which laj^ district he returned so minute a Report, and ii» p^. 
short a space of time, as entitled him to the particular notice of 
that Board. Mr. Holt's Re|)ort, from the valuable uiatter it con- 
tained, and its judicious arrangement, was the first that wa^ re- 
imblished i and he bsd various premiums and testimonies of ap^. 
probation ac(juc^ed and sent to him. He compiled a few books 
tor the use of Schools > Svrote a Novel or two^j And had been 
for some tune collecting mateHals for a ** History of Liverpool J j'\ 
but died at Walton ^ where he had been resident upwards of .40 
yeai-s, March ^ I, ISOl, of a bilious complaint, at tlie age of about 
59. His Meteorological Tables and feemarks reflected very high 
jcredit on the Gentleman'^ Ma^zine for several years j whilst other, 
parts of it. were leiuiched from ' ti>iie to tipie with his repiarki 
• under dirft rent signatures. Tlie. Meteorological Diary for the 
month in which he die<l was nearly half drawn up by himself. JjJM, 
account, by him, of Mr. I^wrence Earns'haw, is in vol. LVll. ll^> 
I le was a ki nd relat ivc, and a sincei-e and affectionate friend; conib^ 
and just in his religious and uioral duties. As a Writer, h.e drew 
scenes of fiction with considerable boldness, displaying a.native ge- 
nius and more knowledge of human life and mannei's than is gei\e- 
rally acquired in provincial situations. This can only be accounted 
fiiT tVoiu his extreme avidity for information, wlucU often kept 
him a silent and scrutinizing obsener. ' He amused himself ivith 
writing remaiks upod our Ehgli>h Hist 017, and ]»articularly 
upon the personal chai-aclers of our Monarchs* ; in which he cbs? 
pkned anacuteness of.. discrimination, and drew forth so many 
jiut observations, and deduced so ipuch moral in^^tiiiction, as to 
indiice an opinion thsit, 4iad he employed more of his time in the 
same way^ he would have; gained consideitUile i-eputation as an 
historical writer. But Uie temptations of a more brilliant fame 
could not long keep down a strong natural propensity h^ had to 
be useful rather than Entertaining ; and his greatest pleasui^ was 

• Cetit. Mi^. vtiL LVll. f. 999 1 Vol. LVIII. p. 333 $ vol. LlX.-p. 437. 

t G«m. M;^: viol. LXlll. pp.619, 3S0. 79S. 

;. '* Hi» MSS. 3uh1 matetiab (at ttm^ Ilistoffy of Uverpoor were be- 
qui':it!i(rd to hi»v friend Mr. Matthew Givpoo, of that town ; with a re* 
()u«-«c iluU, if thev were sold, ten pounds or ;;uine»8 of the money ariiiof^ 
from Uie sale mi^^nt be given to the Liverpool InBrmary.** 


Digitized by 


Dved JSOl, ^t. 59. 

Digitized by 

Jf fLf^crJ .'n- ti A 


Digitized by 



fiiedoc, and Dauphine : With Dissertations on the 
ubjects of which those are Exemplars. And an 
Appendix, describing the Roman Baths and 
Thermae discovered in 1784» at Badenweiler. By 
Governor Pownall *, R R. S. and F, S. A. 4to f . 
" The Treasury of Wit ; being a methodical Se- 
lection of about Twelve Hundred, the best, Apo* 
pbtbegms and Jests ; from Books in several Lan- 
guages. By H. Bennet, M. A." 2 vols.t 12mo. 

" A Dissertation on the Origin and rrogress of 
the Scythians or Goths. Being an Introduction to 

in eommanicating^ in various essays and memoirs, his knowledge 
and acquirements in Agricultural subjects. The following short 
extract frona a paper found after his death will display his heart and 
mind in the truest way : ' May God of his great goodness make 
me an useful member of society whilst in my power to act ; after 
which, may his continued mercies render my latter days, if not 
farther us^ul, such as to be neither irksome and a burthen to 
myself, nor troublesome to my friends or relatires ! Ameii. His 
will i)e done!" An original Portrait of him, a private plate, 
and an excellent likeness, drawn and etched by Mr. William 
Rogers, a respectable young gentleman who had been his pupil^ 
is here presented to my Readers. 
* Of whom see vol. VIII. pp. 64, 761. 
t " This ^ork professes to give a particular account of such 
monuments of Roman antiquity as are yet remaining in so fine a 
pan of the Roman Empire, so cuhivated and improved, but 
which have remained nondeecript, or imperfectly and wrongly 
described till now, at length, a spirit of literary curiosity has 
arisen in the country itself.** Gent. Mag, vol LVIL p. 990. 

t "No speciesof literary compilation has^ perhaps, heensohack* 
neyed as that of Jest-books ; and \i\e trash they have generally been \ 
but * The Treasury of Wit,' coming with the sanction of an avowed 
Author, and that Author a Clei^^yman, deserves some considera- 
tion. We have observed. In thi8CoUection»many jests which we have 
often met with before ; the point and turn of some of which hare 
been rather iiytured by Mr. Bennet*s repetition c^ them. Our Au- 
thor's * diacoqise on vrit and hxunour,' considered under the four 
difoent heads, Seriom IPU, Comic tfk, Serioui Humour, Comic 
Utmour, .foTtas, in our opinion, the best part of the volumes ; 
it contains many just and pertinent observations^ and displays 
kiiowle(%e.. reading, and taste. Mr» Bennet modestly calls it' a (fu^J 
Sumrse,' but we have not fbimd it so.*' M. Rev. LXXVl, 445. 
—It is pity, after this just character of the book, to add^that 
the name was JkHiifnui the publick having been indebted Tor 
the compilation, to the versatile talents of the very ingenious but 
eccentric Author of Letien on LUerature.*' 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 


the ancient tnd modern History of Europe. By 
John Pinkerton.** 8vo. 

''The Speech of Mr. Wilkes in the House of 
Commons, May 9, 17B7, roipecting the Impeach- 
ment of Warren Hastings*, Esq." 8vo. 

'' Reapublica'jrA or, A Display of the Honours^ 
Ceremonies, and Ensigns of the Commonwealth, 
under the Protectorship of Oliver Cromwell ; to- 
ged:ier with the Names, Armorial Bearings, Flags, 
and Pennons of the different Commanders of Eng- 
lish, Irish, Scotch, Americans, and French; and 
an Alphabetical Roll of the Names and Armorial 
Bearings of upwards of Three Hundred Families of 

* " Mr. Wilket undertook the good-natured, and we hope 
the ju8t> task of defending the Governor General from the many 
articles of aocusation accumulaf ed against him, by pleading the 
uniform, successful, and prosperous tenor of his Incfianadminis* 
tmtion, the sentiments entertained of him in the East, and the 
frequent warm votes of approbation and thankful acknowledg- 
ment that be received to the last from his prindpab. Ailtheee, 
indeed, speak a language totally different hoxa the declamation 
and acrimony so lavishly displayed in the parliamentary impeach- 
ment. It is almost needless to odd, that the Speech is conceived 
in terms characteristic of the Oator's well-known abilities.** 
MofUhly Remew, V0I LXXVIL p. SM. 

f *' This compilation, which its well-meaning Ckmpiler in- 
scribes to liord Sydn^, with the warmest professions ai ' attach- 
ment to the illustrious House of Hanover, and taaidre devodon to 
the interest and permanency of this our Commonwealth 1* — nro- 
^Ksions the more necessary in this democratic age> when the in- 
dependency of Tliree Estates on each other is so eageiiy aimed at 
on the Continent of America, and the annihiiation of ooe of the 
Three as furiously contended for on that of Burope. — ^The Yolmne 
contains a very innocent muster-roll of banners, eommissionB, 
bonours^ and summonses to Parliament, under the adminiBtni- 
tion of the Protector, and a frdl true and partkular account of 
his foneral, in which is lei out the sea-et ! that' Ina reimins 
were pdvately interred in a small paddock near HoIbcNum^ in 
that very spot over which t^e obdbk is placed in Red Lson 
Sauare, Holborn.* The whole concludes (to be oontimied, €kid 
willing^ in a second vokune), with an Alphabcttfal RpU of tke 
Names and Armorial fiearings of mast of the present NobiHiy 
and ancient FamUies of these Kingdrau, together wHh those of 
Ganoaay, fVance, Spain, &e.'* Mr. Qmgh, in &. Mag. L¥IL 518. 


Digitized by 



the preflimt Nobility of England) Sootland, and Ire- 
IwicL, By Sir JohnPrestwich*, Bart." 4tD. ; 

* Son of Sir Elias Prestwich> of Holme and Ptestwich, in tht 
co«my of LuAtatUtr^wbO iUed March 94« I78$i aodaUnealde^ 
aoendantof HuMOQaft Prcittvick» £«q. [who was created a Baronet 
April 96, 1644 } though* in the Baroneta|[(e of 1741, the title it 
said to be then exdnet -, which wis owing co the inattentive negU«> 
^peiMse of tlte giMidihtber of the bte Baronet, aa ha cleafy dea^ 
atraled by w^ &c. &e. Certain it is that the Editor of the 
" Reepublica*' always elaimed the title ^ and as certain that, for 
what reaeon we know not, the claim was not universally al^ 
lowed. Uis title^ however, to notine as an Author res^ on a 
more certain basis.}— He was the Author <^aB iageosous *' Disser- 
tation on Mineral, Aninaal, andVe^tabtePoisoiub 1775/* Svo. 
and of the above vtty sin^Mdar and corioQS Heraldic \'ohuBe^ in 
whichhe re|lealedly takes occasion to introduee Msdtleof JBar«a«^; 
aad» aHler describing three diierent coats of ttrms granted to his 
ancestors, atidaientioftingthe Lordship and manor MHebae, the 
ongimiaaMeseatof hiafiimUy, keadds, <' This informadon is 
for those that come alter me, and is not giveA through pride, 
but thiU they may see and kam to tread in the paths of Yartue, 
Valour, Honour, and Integrity t for (as Solomon sayeUO *^^ 
thou a truni di%eft^ ai hi$ kmima, htsnmUttmtd hefw^ kmit, im 
ikMnot $i<md before mean ilnen.** A lidl aaeount isalso given by 
bin of one of his relatione, Edmand Prestwich, £s% a Bard of 
the 17th century, well known by his translatian «f the Hippolytus 
of Seneca, and other poems ; and alsa of the Rev. John PMst* 
widli, abene&otortofiraaen^kBeandAllSottlsCottegeiinO&• 
ford, and to the PuUfic libraryat Mandiester. A second volume 
ol tbe " Biespoblica*' (which, notwithstanding its title, is repkte 
fi4lh Loyalty) was intended by the ingenious Author, had here* 
ceived the encouragement he expected, or rather had he not 
beett prevented by a continued series ef illness, during which he 
owed the Uttle eomfort he ei^joyed almost solely to the un- 
remitted and a&cttonate attentions of Lady Pkestwkh. He 
died at DubUn, after an illness of two years, Aug. 14, 1705, 
leavii^ a MS ' History of Liverpool,* ready for the press, which 

k to have been printed by Mr. Gore of that place, butwaswith- 

held, W Shr John*s direction, on a similar work btiiyr i 
nooAced byMr.Hoh (seep.^O); and the Baronet's long ulness 
provcnted his attending to the progress of his own publicadon. 
VllbBtt in South Wales, Sir John Prestwich besan also an Histarioal 
Aeeoont of the pbee. and the manners of tne neople $ to whkh 
his ill state of health alone nut a stop. Th» latter work he in- 
tended to have dedicated to Lord Ducie, to whom he was allied ; 
though bis Lmlship had stopped an annuity aUowed him by his 
braOwr, the p et c ed i ng noble Peer of that title. 

Digitized by 


i4 LITERARy AN«fc0OTES [1787. 

^ An Account of the Loss of the Luxborough 
Galley^ by Fire, on her Voyage from Jamaica to 
London* ; with the Sufferings of the Crew, in the 

» '' M^ Pennant, in hid ^ Journey from London to the isle 
of Wight/ has thus degantSy epitomised this cskmitocis stoiy ; 
** In Mr. Boys's parlour i observed some small pictures of a ship 
. in distress : he related to me the suliject, and Aimislied me with 
the following melancholy episode :*-ln 17^» his father was se- 
cond mate in the Luxborough Galley, a fine ship of thirty-two 
guns, fitted out by the South Sea Company, under the Asttenio 
contract, and coitimaAded by Capt Ketlaway. Her crew, in- 
cluding two passengers, consisted of thirty-nine. On June ^B, 
in thtir way lirom Jamaica to England, the ship took fire by the 
caireless application of a candk to a puncheon of rum. The head 
Was heard to burst off with tlie evpkmoa of a cannon, and the 
Aames seized her without hopos of remedy: the yawl was hoisted 
out, and twenty-two men and boys crowded into it ; the kxog 
boat remained on board on fire. In this aitnation, without 
cloaths, provision, br compass, at the distance of a humked an«I 
twenty leagues from the nearest land, they experienced all the 
^miseries of cold, hunger, and thirst. It was pr(^M)6ed to fling 
%ltO the sea the two boys who had occasioned the misfortune : 
this was over-ruled. It was then jntiposed to cast kits, and give 
itU an equal chance of being saved, by lightening the hoait, which 
lay deep in the water : this was opposed, and soon became un- 
'necesaarTi by the death of five of the people raving nad. Hun* 
ger grew now irresistible. Mr. Scrimsour, the surgeon, pro- 
posed the eating the bodies of the dead, and drinking their blood : 
-he made the first essay, and turned aside his head and wept. 
They could only relish the hearts, of which they ate three. They 
'Cnt the throats of their dead companions as soon as life was de- 
parted, and fbund themselves ref^hed and invigorated by thia 
unnatural beverage. By the 12th day the numto* was reduced 
tb twelve ; a raging sea added to their miseries -, a dead duck, in 
a putrid state, came within their reach, and wa^ eaten as 'the 
greatest delicacy. On July 7th despair seized them, and they 
'lay down todie. By accident Mr. Boys raised himself, and saw 
land ; on •commtmicating the news to the survivors, they were 
instantly re-animated, and took to their oars. They perceiv^ 
some shallops in with the land, and found themselves on the 
coasts of Newfoundland. They weie taken on shore, and treated 
with the utmost humanity, by Captain Le Cras, of Guernsey, Ad- 
miral of the harbour. Mr. Boys, with true piety, kept the day 
of his deliverance ever after as a last. — ^The rest of his life was 
blessed ivith prosperity. He had begun his career in Ids Ma- 
jesty's service : accident flung him into that in which he expe- 
rienced so great a cakunity. He returned acain into the Royal 
Mavy, rose to the post of Captain, and hoisted the broad pendant 

Digitized by 



year IJS^'. By WiUiara Bofs, Second Mate*.* 4to. 

^^ A Comparative View of the- Russian Discoveries 

with those made by Captains Cook and Clerke : and 

as Commandar in Chief of hk M^|e8ty*s ships and rtmeis in the 
Thames Modway, and Nore. At length he finished bis honour- 
able da]rs, as Lieutenant Governor of Greenwich Hospital, March 
4( 1774, aged74. it is remarkable tl»t two of his fellow snf* 
kt&n lived Co a very grfut age. Mr. Scrimsoiir^ the surgeon^ 
attained that of 80; and George Bfoukl> a seaman, being 
briMgfat into Greenwich Hospital by the Lieutenant Govemar> 
died there at the age of about 89." 

* Descended, paternally, from an ancient and knightly iamily, 
wfaowereseatedatBonington, in the parish of Goodnestone, Kent, 
attbebecinning of the 14th century. He married Elizabeth Pear* 
son; and had twosons > of whom William, the eldest, was bom 
at Deal, Sc|iC. 7» 1735; and was for many years an eUiinent 
SurgeoB at Sandwich. Early in life, he shewed a strong 
{nopemity to cultivate literatiire and Sdence ; and every mo- 
ment he could qpare fircmi his professional duties was devoted 
la sQBie useful pursuit. Residing within a mile of Richborough 
(the ancient HhuiupiumJ, be Was soon led to investigate the hk- 
tary of his neighbourhood. He acquired an uncommon hxAMtj 
in decyphering ancient MSS. and inscriptions -, and, being forttt« 
natdy in v^ry easy circumstances, independently of his profes« 
flioBal inoome, was enabled to gratify his taste at no inconsidcr 
raUeexpence; and gradually cofiected many valuable and curious 
books, MSS. coins, and other antiquities. He was elected F. S. A. 
in 1776 ; floid Was afterwards an early member of the linnean 
Society. He applied himself also with great zeal and success to 
the study dT Natural History ; to Mathematics, Astronomy, and 
other branches of Philosophy. In 1786 he circulated among his 
frioids proposals to print ' Collections for a History of Sandwich^ 
with Notices of the other Cinque Porta^ and of Riohl>orough.* 
Disclaiming all views of profit, he i^oposed to fix such a price 
on the worn as should merely defray thcexpence of printing and 
engrarii^ ^ and so ocmscientiously did he adhere to this proposal, 
that, aft^ the distribution of the book, he found himself a con- 
siderable loser. A part of the volume appeared in 1788 ; and a 
feoopd part» comfrfeting this elaborate and valuable woric, in 
1792 'y making together a vcdume in quarto of 877 pages. This 
was his principal literary production ; but, being of a most liberal 
and communicative disposition, he. was at all times ready to 
assist his friends with hints and observations on any subject 
which had engaged his attention. Thus, in 17B3> he commu- 
akated to the ^tor of these '^ Anecdotes" some " ObservaticHU 
on the Antiquities of Reculver 5" which are inserted in the " Bib- 
fiothecaTopographicaBritannka,** with Mr. Duncombe*s "History 
of Reculver and Heme.** In 1734, appeared, in 25 quarto pages, 


Digitized by 



a Sketch of what remains to be ascertaiiied by future 
Navigator. By William Coxe, A- M- V. R. S. 

with three plates, *' A Collection of the minute and rare Shelb* 
btdjdiBoovered in the Sand of the Sea-«hore near SandwidL 
Bj WUyam Boys, Esq. F. S. A. ConMeraUy annifelited, and 
all their fi^mres aocmrately drawn, as m^rnifiad «Sth the Bficr6* 
8Cope, bfGeoi^ Walker, Bookseller at Paverdiam^" whksh, ia 
the Pre&ce, is candidly acknowledged) by the Editor, to ha tiit 
joint productiim of Bir. Boys and himself, assbted hy Cheir com* 
mon friend, Edward J^jcch, Es^. of Faversham. In IftT^ Mr. Boys 
printed the-above mentioned aff^eting Narrative, dtwfm up 
by his Father, to whkh he added a premce and an appeadiat con- 
taining some additional ahecdotes of the sufferers. In I7M, l» 
communicated to the Society of Anti^toaries *' Obeervationa on 
IQts-Coity house in Kent," inserted in the ArcaitisolOfIa, tal. XI. i 
mMi Mr. Pennant, Dr. Latham, and many (ither Anti^iariMand 
Naturalists, in their respective works, acknowlete their oUiga* 
tions for assetance contributed bv him. Dr. iMaiti, in hii 
Index Omithologknis, has gi««n Afr. Boye'siMBie to a iwwsftt^ 
cies of Fern communicated by him. In IJST, Mr. Itoja wai ap^ 
pointed suigeon to the sick and wo«MkM sMmm aft Deal ; but 
this appointment was found to require so much of his time and 
attention, that in 1796 he was induced to Telia^uiah eatirsiy his 
medkad practice at Sandwich, and to raside near the Naval iios- 
piftalat Walmer till 1799> when the Commisstoners of ^ 8tek 
and Hurt Office accepted hto resignation of the office of Stti|{«oa 
of the Hospital, and appointed to it his fourth sOA) Eimrd 
Boys, M. D. At this period he returned to Sandwich, bat 
with Tery impaired health, la February of that year, ha had 
a slight attack of apoplexy j and in December another and 
more alarming parorfsm occurred, from the eftets Cf which 
he did not recover for nine or ten months. Mtath 9, IMS, 
his servant, on coming into the parlour where he was ail- 
ting after breakihst, found him Men back in his chair in a stale 
of apoplexy. He remained in this state, but widi symptoms 
whidi, for some da^, at intervals, encouraged his frieMla to 
hofie that he migiiC still recover, titt the 15th of the same month 
In the afternoon, when he placidly breathed hb last.-^He had been 
for many years a very uaefol magistrate of the town in which he 
resided ; haiing been elected a Jurat of Sandnnch in 17^1, and 
served the office of Mayor in 1767 and 1783. In 1775, n^eu 
the Corporation found it expedient to oppose an intended Ad <»f 
P^Lt^ament for draining the geaeralvaBeys of Eai0t Kent, oadM 
grounds that die rcmMy propeMbd to be adopted might, wfldi- 
out effi»ting the proissaed otiiect of the Bll, pr^udice, if ttot 

• Plancys, in a trestise " Pa Canohis miam B«tia/ printed at Vo 
in I739» is the only writer who had btfort dMcribed shells so minute at 
those which are the subject of this woxlc, by Mr. Boys and Mr. Walker. 


Digitized by 




One of the Senior Ffetlows of King's C!ollege^ 

" Dr. George Harris's* Visitation Articles,** 4to. 

totally destroy^ the haven and harbour of Sandwich; Mr. Boyt 
drew up a very sensible memorial on the subject, which was 
printed in 4to, but without his name, under the title of " Thp 
Case of the Inhabitants and Corporation of the Town and Port 
of Sandwich^ in the County of Kent^ touching a Bill lately 
brought into the House of Commons, to enable the Commla^ 
sloneis of Sewers, for several Limits in the Eastern Pkrts of the 
Comity of Kent, more eflbctually to drain and improve the Lands 
Tvitldn the general Valleys." The attention he paid to this sub- 
ject rendered him afterwards very useful as one of the Commis- 
ttoners of Sewert far Eaat Kent, at whoee meetings he was a con- 
stant attendant as long as his health pennUted.-^An elegant mural 
Monument has been erected in the Fariih Churdi of St. Clement 
at Sandwich, by his £Eunily, with the following Insciiption : 

" Juxtasepultus est 

GuLiBLMus Boys, Armiger, S. A. et L. S. Sodus ; 

ab antiqua et cls^^ iamilift 

dim de Bonington et Fmtville in h6c comitate oriundus. 

Natua est apud Deal 3 inde discedens, 

Chirurgiam et Bledicinam in hoc Opfndo 

ab adokscentia usque ad provectioreBi tttatem exercuit. 

Oppidi higusce et Fntus XLII annoi Juratus, 

Bis Prsetoris munere functus est. 

Inter ofiicia institute vit» sosceptttque publiceB cune obeunda, 

literas humaniores feliciter excoluit, 

Historiam Natundem, Antiquitatis Monumenta, 

Domesticosque prsesertim Oppidi et Port^s Sandvicensis Annales, 

inge&ii sokrtla et studio iHustravit. 

Vir eximio anmu candore> suavissimia moribus, 

summi vitSB integritate omatus. 

Mortem obiit, LXVIII aimos natus, XVto die Martii, 

Anno Domini MDCCCIII. 

Uxorem primam dnxit, anno MDCCLIX, Elizabetham, Hen- 
rid Wise, hijgusce Oppidi, generosi, filiam ; quse demortua anno 
MDCCLXI, in £cclesi& S*ctl Petri sepidta est: alteram, anno 
MDCCIAII, Janam, Thome Fuller, de Statenborough in vill& 
de Eastiy in hoc comitat(i> armigert, filiam 3 quse demortua an- 
no MDCCLXXXIII, in eodem tumido cum marito sepulta jacet : - 
Ex ilia fUium unicum Oullelmum-Henricum, filiam unicam Eli- 
zabetham: Ex hftc sex filios, Thomam, Johannera-Paramor, 
Edvardnm, Henricum> Robertum-Pearson, Geoi^um; tres 
filiasy Janam, Mariam, et Saram suscepit. Quorum Elizabetha 
et Sara ohm ^ vitiL exoetote ; reliqui verb superstites h£U; tabulU 
Fatns dikctissimi memoriam consecraverunt.*' 

♦ GeorgeHarris.D.C.L. (Chancellor of the Dioceses of Dur- 

Digitized by 


j|8 UTBEARY AHfiCDOTfcS [1787. 

^^ Sekct Beauties of Antient English Poetry ; with 
Remarks by Henry Headley *, A. B.** 2 vols. 8vo. 

ham, Winchester, Hereford, and Landa£f ; and Cominissary of 
Essex* Herts, and Surrejr) ,was the son of Dr. John Harris, 
Bishop of Laiadaff ; wd died April 1 9, 1796. He was Author of a 
small pamphlet, intituled " Observations upon the English 
I^anguige, in a Letter to a Friend, 17&3;'* translator of 
«' Justinian*s Institutes, 1756,** 4to. ; and published a second 
Edition of that admirable work in 1761. He left a very 
laige fortune, which he chiefly bequeathed to public charities : 
to St. George*8 Hospital 40,000/. •, to Hetherington's Charity 
for the Blind 20,000/. ; to the Westminster Lying-in Hospital 
15,000/. ; and to the Hereford Infirmary 5000/. 

* '' To those who know the good taste of this ingenious Col- 
lector, no recommendation of his volumes will be necessary. 
To the Publick at large we may report, that they are well 
adapted ' to do justice to deserted merit ; and, by diversifying 
the materials of common reading, and opening such sources of 
innocent amusement, may probiD^Iy lead to strengthen and co- 
operate with that taste for poetical antiquities which for some 
time past has been considerably advancing.*' GentMag,LFJLll69. 

For some memoirs of this amiable Scholar, see vol. VIII. p. 158, 
—The following Inscription waa proposed for his Tomb : 

*' Thou, who now read'st this luckless tale secure. 
Thy fate expect, and deem that fate mature ; 
For, know, here sleeps what Genius could not save. 
Nor Youth nor Virtue rescue from the grave.** 

His memory was also thus embalmed by Mr. Bowles : 
'' Sad, o*er her fainting Favourite Fancy sigh*d. 
When, in life*s opening mom, Eug^usdied! 
Ah, long had pining Sickness left her trace. 
Silent and pale, o*er each decaying grace ; 
Whilst Resignation, musing on the grave. 
To his wan eye a sadder sweetness gave. 
Nor ceas'd he yet to stray, where, winding wild. 
The Muse*8 path his drooping steps beguil*d. 
Intent to rescue some neglected rhime. 
Lone-blooming, from the mournfol waste of Tune j 
Or mark each scatter*d sweet, that seem*d to smile 
Like flowers upon the long-forsaken pile. 
Far fW>m the murmuring crowd, unseen he sought 
The charms congenial to his sadden*d thought. 
When the grey mom illum'd the mountain's aide. 
To hear the sweet bird*s earliest song he hied : 
When meekest eve to the fold's distant bell 
Iisten*d, and bad the woods and vales fdtreweU, 


Digitized by 



" Sir Philip Sidney^s Defence of Poetry ♦ f and 
^* Obflervations on Eloquence and Poetry, frooi 
the DiscoarBes of Ben Jonson ;^ edited by Dr. Jo* 
seph Warton +. 

" Poetical Translations from various Authors. 
By Master John Browne of Crewkeme, Somerset ; 
a Boy of Twelve Years old 1 Published by the 
Rev. Robert Ashe;};, Curate of Crewkerne, and Mas- 
ter of the Free Grammar School, for the Benefit of 
his Pupil."*. 4to. 

** An Essay on Mathematical Language ; or, an 
Introduction to the JVIathematical Sciences. 3y C. 
G.A. Baselli^." 8vo. 

Musing ID tearful mpod, be oft wa» seen, 
Tbe last that linger*d o*er the feding green.— 
The waving wood, bi^ o*er the diff recliii*d» . 
The munnunqg water-&Il» the winter's wind. 
His heifft with kindred music seens'd to suit. 
Like sad aiis touching soft tbe mourning lute. 
Nor deem Auction's genuine spirit dead, 
Tho* from the world's hard gaze his feelings fled. 
Firm was his friendship, and his fidth sinceiv. 
And warm as Pity's his unheeded tear. 
That wept the ruthless deed, the poor man's ^e. 
By Fortune's storms keft cold and desolate. 
Farewell — ^yet be this humble tribute paid 
To all thy virtues, from that $ocial ihade 
Where once we sqioum'd. — I, alas, remain. 
To mourn tbe hours of youth (yet mourn in vain) 
That fled neglected. — Wisely thou hast trod 
The better path, and that high meed, which God 
Ordain'd to Virtue, towering from the dust, 
9hall bless thy labours — Spirit, pure and just !" 
In Gent. Mag. LIX. 649, are some verses supposed to have 
been written by Mr. Headley during his last illness ; a supposi* 
tioD disproved in p. 674 on the authority of bis admirable friend 
Mr. William Benwcll^ who survived him but a few years. 

* This Tract, having again become extremely scarce, has been 
ie*poblisbed by Lord Thuriow, in an elegant quarto volume. 

t See Dr. Warton's ideas, in 1784, on this projected publica- 
tion; vol.VI. p. I7«. 

i Afterwards Dr. Hoadly- Ashe ; of whom hereafter. 

I " In this age, when every eflbrt is made to reduce the 9d« 
ences to tJie utmost simplicity, we are sorry to find ouiraelves 
under the necetiity of observing, that the Aii^ior of the present 


Digitized by 



^' Favourite Tales, tranthtcHl from the FVeiieh«.** 

'^ A Treatise on. TrcHHCal Diseases^ and on the 

Climate of the West ladies^. By BwjamiA Moae*- 

jfterfonnance has rendered the art of arithmetic and alg^ra 
more complex than he firmnd it, and has deprived h of thai sim- 
plKityandeondMoesawhAchoii^^aliivystodiflCingii^ theflrtt 
principles of the Blathematict . The book eontaias a vanety of 
patter, among which we have observed some particulws that 
shew the Author's ingenuity ; and others which persuade us that 
he has not applied to the mathematical studies in vain." 

Monthly Review, .Vol. LXXVIILp. 349. 
* '* These * Tales/ very much beyond the ordinary nm of 
French frippery, are origiiud and entertaining." The lYanslatov 
vvas Captain Skinner. Gent, Mag. LFIl 109S. 

t ** This judicious and interesting woiiL has allocked many 
recesses, in which a rational cure seems to be found for some of 
the most dreadful diseases incident to the human body. We are 
Imppy to Bnd that ^le treatment of those diseases is founded on 
experience, and on suck ftets as maf encourage a simHar practice.'* 
Gent. Mag. LVUAVr^. This respeetable Whler (now one of the 
Senior Licentiates of the Royal O^lege of Physicians in London) is 
of the antient fusStf of Mc$eley in Lancashire. He began his me- 
dkal career in London and P&fiB, mider the mostenSnent prac- 
tical masters in pharmacy, chemistry, anatomy, surgery, and phy- 
sic; and having firom these sources dm wnacauirenients of which 
no Physician should be ignorant, he embarked for the West Indies, 
where the views most flattering to his hopes were liilly an- 
swered. Soon after hb arrival fat Jamaica, he was appointed 
Suigeon-general of that Island, and acted in that arduoos situa- 
tion during the war. The advantage derived from his skill and 
attention were in every emeigency demonstrated, when violent 
diseases made their ravages among the miHtia, and in the camps 
of the regulars, exposed to the severest trials of fhtigne and 
climate, under repeated martial law, for the defence of the 
country, aeainst the enemies of Great Britain. During the war, 
at the particular instance, and for the immediate benefit, of the 
mflitary, he published, at Kingston, in Jamaica, a small octa%-o 
Bssay, containing the method which he had long used in private 
jMctice, and among" the troops, for curing the D^tsenteiy. 
This was the first medical piece of literature, of reputation, that 
had ev^ been writlea in tW UknL It was fortunate^ timed, 
for the enemies as wett as for the frieads of Enriand, and ckv 
oukted with great rapidity among the J^eadi, Spaa^tfds, and 
Americans. It pointed out an entirely new and suceeasfal rae* 
thod, by perspiration, of treatkig the Ooody-flux; wfalcfa had 
btan, and then was, the ckBrtrudioa of tbrir anaies, and the 
faiise of the defeat of almost every enterprise in the war. This 
aovd dactrina haasiofie bean adopted by paaetiiioiMss,. and the 


Digitized by 



Jty, M.IX Member 'of the Roy^l College of Phy- 
sicians of LDndon."* 8vo. 

enfit of tba Hmcov^ given to our Author^ in ereiy part of 
Europe. Tha important tract containing it^ with consioerable 
ai]flBW]|tatiQn« ia. rpprinted in the above-mQntione4 work. West 
lama caiiooimm though calculated for the active and enterpria* 
i^g, are seldmn nwdea retreat for the eiyoynent of what haa 
U»& obtained there I affiordiqg but few loeans to cheer the houra 
9t}ifc, bejpood the pleaaiuea of table<KH>nviviaUtv. SnwU coiu^ 
nauitioi, without any distinction of rank* and chiefly compoeed 
of spirited advanturers of varioua deacrintiona from every part 
of the world* aia oftener the seat of tuihalekt ihctiona and ^ 
cord than of the Muaes and Science. These circumstancea» 
addsd to the Uuupocaiy residence which every person going there 
pcomisas bioMolf to ]«ake» and cooaefuentlv becomes inattentive 
to the permanent weUara of the society be proposes soon to 
abandon for that of possessing his attacWents^ together w^th 
the uageneroua passions excited among a multitude df competi- 
ton, contending for no other ol^^t than interest^ more fi^<* 
^QSDtly give birth to animosities, which extinguish liberality and 
iocial ha pp i nea a > tton to emulation for fame imd patriotism. In 
tUa view^ though it ia probable Dr. Moaeley must have consi- 
dered the state of our West India Islands, we are certain he con- 
tnbuted to make it otherwise. i¥>t only in his medical capacity, 
but by hia axjertioQs aa a Magistraleji and encouragement of 
whatever had the public good for its ol^ject ; and that bis literary 
taleats, in coiuunction with those of a few other literary men« 
wtsie often enqiloyed in promoting useful knowledge^ correcting 
ik^m, and cluistising the vickms j and that he Quitted Jamaica, 
wf an weQ aaaured, with regret, where he had long ei\joyed 
tbe ffieadskip of many worthy people, and contributed, b^ his 
bo6pi|aUty« to the comfort of strangers; and where, whh irre- 
pvoacbahle character, and unsullied I'eputation, he acqu'u^ a 
eoBiidorable fortune by hia profession. When Dr. Moseley bad 
adieu to the West Incues, be made a voyage to North America, 
whsre he was elected a Member of the Fnilosophical Society ; 
and after hia return from thence, he devoted several years for 
the pu^jiose of ascertaimng the state of medical knowlec^ in all 
the yfiocipal aeminariea and hospitals in Europe ; in which pursuit 
h( vfu hosiouredi mth a Doctor's degree by several foreign Uni* 
«witics» previous to his resolution of practising as a Physician 
hi Loadon. From the advantages he has had in seeing the 
ynctice of Physicians aod Surgeons, and the nature of diseases, 
ia various parts of the w(vl£ it is not extraordinary that he 
siMNild be a waim op^oeer of the doctrines of theorists, which of 
Isle yaacs have been the effusions of metaphysical paradoxes ; 
sad that ha shoidd not always accord with writers^ who, from 
te limited experience of soma particular spot, rashly conclude 


Digitized by 



.« The Works, in Vcwe and Prose, 'of Leonard 
Welsted, Esq. sometime Clerk in Onttnary at the 

that diseases are eveiy where the same, and vainly promulgate 
their universal hypothesis ; and also, tlmt he should avoid the 
errors which generally pervert, or tincture, the minds of young 
Physicians^ who publish their observations &esh'from the schoc^, 
before they have laid the necessary foundation to enable them 
to judge with accuracy, and determine with precision. From 
these sources, and from his extensive erudition, and thorotigfa: 
acquaintance with the works of the antients as well as the mo- 
dems, his writings, though few, are replete with original matter j 
written in a style admirra for elegance -, and filled with such in- 
formation, as medical books are rarely enriched with. In 1785 
he publishied, in London, a Treatise in octavo, on the " Proper* 
ties and Effiects of Coflfee." This has been translated in every coim* 
try in Europe ; and has gone through several Editions in England, 
the three first in the space of a few months* To the second edi- 
tion 6f this popular Dissertation, was prefixed a Prefece, which 
has been not less praised for its diction, than for the agricukura]. 
Commercial, and political remaiics contained in it, relative to tht 
subject of the Treatise. He next published the Treatise noticed 
above. The eulogiums which the teamed have bestowed on thb 
work, and the reception it. has met with from the publick, have 
nevqr been exceeded by any medical production in this country. 
In the second edition, many interesting adifitions are made, 
and the original work is more methodically arranged, and 
confiderably improved. The feme Dr. Moseley has gained by 
this great picture of human miseries, has decided his medical and 
literary character ; and determined his progress to his own elec- 
tion. Besides placing him on the broad basis of public opinion, 
it has procured him the protection of several ilfustrious person- 
ages, and the first medical appointment on the national esta- 
blishment. In the preface to this work, the lovers of fine writing 
and those deeply read in medical systems, have acknowledged 
much entertainment, from our author's accurate discnminiitioii 
of true science, and his critical dissection, and pointed exposure 
of fallacy and imposition ; and in which he has given the world 
reason to hop^ for information on ail the diseases of the Torrid 
Zone. This will supply a defect severely felt in Colonial practice, 
where, for want of true guides, young and transient practiti- 
oners in the Army and Navy, have often, like Draco, preacribed 
their edicts in blood. And as no person hitherto, besides* Doctor 
Moseley, has resided long enough in Tropical countries, or hB$ 
had sufficient practice and opportunities, or has been in other 
respects qualified, for the undertaking, we sincerely hoyie that 
no interruption may prevent his completing what he has begun i 
that Tropical Diseases may be ascertained and treated on more 
respectabk authority than that of transient or illiterate medical 


Digitized by 

Google . 

1787-] 0' TBE SIGHTlBKra CENTURY. 33 

Office of Ordnance inUie Towei* of LondoB*. Now 
first collected, with Historical Notes -f-, and Biogra- 
phical MejiK>irsof the Author^ by John Nichols." 8vo. 

peopte.— This sketch of his character is not introduced to de- 
Bcnbe the estioMtion which disdnguiskes him among his ft>iead» 
aad companions^ nor for the purpose of sacrificing to private 
giatification ; but to shew hy wfasit means he has acquired the 
professional knowledge which he has so well applied to the 
public good. Our motives are not to add to popularity, but 
where it is connected with the advancement of Science, and the 
cause of Literature." Gent Mag, vol LX. pp. 9—1 1 . 

* " The Author, who is here brought back fit)m the shades by 
the powerful wand of his Editor, fkmrished in what is some- 
tiiDes, though perhaps with no gceat propriety, called the 
Juguttm Age of EngHsh lAterahsre. From the Memoirs pre- 
fixed to this re-publication, it appears, that Webted was wan- 
tonly trathiced, both as.a Gentleman and as a Pdet. Mr. Nichols 
has laudably endeavoured, and not without success, to restore 
to him the wreath of Caime, of which he was purloined by his 
Contemporaries." Monthly Review, New Series, vol. TIL p, 149. 

t " If tins Magazine were not a book in which Mr. Nichols 
is well known to lay the Publick under many other obligations, 
the Reviewer of Welsted's Works would say more of what is due 
to the Editor for thb collection. The Reader may try its merit 
in this manner. Leonard WeUted at present only lies upon the 
Reader's memory as one of those whom Jlexmder the Great 
chose to gibbet in The Dunciad : he only recoUects poor Welsted 
along wi£ ' unabashed Defoe,* and ' Tutchin flagrant ft-om the 
lash.* Perhaps the Reader knows Welsted only in the fi^owing 
Hne, issued out to Posterity by this tyrannical and self-deified 
Alexander of the poetical world : 

' Flow, Welsted, flow, like thine insfurer Bbbb.* 

*' Now the feet is this : whatever provocation Leonard Wdsted 
gave Alexander Pbpe (and it rather seems as if he did declare war 
&ist), our Ikmciadized Poet certainly wrote many things which 
well deserved preservation, and some which the Readers of this 
Volume will peruse more than once. Let Readers of this Vohirae 
be hencefbrth upon their guard against that fbul and wicked ty- 
nmny which Pope and some of his friends undoubtedly conspited 
to exercise over their Contemporaries. They will be found to 
have ruined the femes, perhaps have IttenJly broken the hearts, 
of many who gave them no offence ; and, if these Tyrants revenged 
themselves upon those who had offimded them in the same man- 
ner that Pope revenged himself on Welsted, much will not re^ 
main to be said for their justice. FW the purpose of ridiculing 
and exposing Webted, it is very manifest, flroin Mr. Nichols's 
MemoHS prefixed to this Volume, that Pbpe condescended, know- 
>n^> to bring such fehe and perjured evidence as a man would 

Vol. IX. D be' 

Digitized by 



^^ Domesday Book illustrated: containing an 
Account of that ancient Record ; as also of the Te- 
nants in Capite, or Serjeanty, therein mentioned ; 
and a Translation of the difficult Passages^ with 

be sentenced to the pillory for« in any other court but that of 
Fating or of Poetry — 

Tictoribus atque PoetU 

Quidlibet audendi semper fuit aqua potestas, 

" Mr. Welsted, who certainly was a gentleman, and associated 
with some friends as great as any of Pope's, is banded down to 
us as having been * inspired by beer,^ and as having written * a 
Poem in praise either of a cellar or a garret ;* because he ad- 
dressed OUoy^^la to the Duke of Dorset, and which fier- 
haps raised the jealousy of Pope and Swift ; as the Reader wiU 
. find it may bear perusing after their best things of this kind. 
The perusal of it will also strike the Reader something like walk- 
ing over one of the houses in Herculaneum. We see exactly, in 
1788, how Mr. Welsted*s house was furnished, from top to 
bottom, in 1725. Goldsmith thought well of it; for, in The 
Deserted Village, he clearly came to p. 1 10, for 

* Broken tea-cups, wisely kept for show, 
Rang*d o'er the chimney, glistened in a row ;' 

and for some other parts of the furniture, which his Muse, mi- 
nutely elegant, descinbes almost in the words of Welsted. — ^The 
Gentleman employed upon the great Oxford Dictionary of our 
language will think it necessary, we suppose, to explain many 
words in thb curious Poem, which half a century has rendered 
unintelligible or obsciu^. — Goldsmith is not the only elegantWriter 
who has thought our beer-tiupirecf Bard worthy imitation. Two other 
of Welsted*s Poems, '* Palfiemon to Cselia,* and ' Aeon andLavinia, 
were certamly remembered byThomson ; particularly when he wrote 
his ' Falsemon and Lavinia.* — ^Thomson did not borrow with the 
stealing hand of Pope; or it should seem that he took from Welsted 
upon tlie principle that ' dead men tell no tales,' being of opinion 
Pope had efifectually killed poor Welsted. The merit of the 
' Epistles to Pope' accounts for Pope's virulence. Welsted wrote 
too well to be forgiven. In the Preface to Smith's Translation 
of Longinus, edit 1770, we read, ' The present Ti'anslation 
was finished before I knew of any prior attempt to make Longi- 
nus speak Englbh. The first translation d him I met with, 
was published by Mr. Welsted, in 17^4. But I was very much 
surprised, upon a penisal, to find it only Boileau's translation 
misrepresented and mangled ) for every beauty is impaired, if 
not totally enured, and every error (even down to those of the 
Printer) most injudiciously preserved.* — Now we positively 
deny that * every beauty is impaired, if not totally cflaced ,* and 
we would have believed no one but the Translator, that he did 
not compare his version throughout with poor Welsted's. We 


Digitized by 



Occasional Notes ; an Explanation of the Terms^ 
Abbreviations, and Names of Foreign Abbeys ; and 
an Alphabetical Table of the Tenants in Capite, or 
Serjeanty, in the several Counties contained in that 
Survey. By Robert Kelham*, of Lincoln's Inn, 
Authbrof* The Norman Dictionary.** 

*^ Ignoramus^, Comoedia ; Scriptore Georgio 
Ruggk, A. M. Aulae Clareosis, apud Cantabrigi- 

ha?e compared many pages, and find a great resemblance, and 
not 80 great a superiority as might have been expected from the 
n(Mum prematur in annum, which Dr. Smith*a PrefiBMce boasts. 
We advise young men, for their own sake and Welsted's, to go 
r^gukrly over Longinus and these two Translations. Such an 
exercise must sQways do good; here it mi^t do justice. — ^After 
infinmiog the Publick that few men's Works have ever been laid 
beftne tl^m with more general claim to praise than Welsted*s, 
we must again say, that it seems as if Webted gave Pope the 
first provocation. Yet, we maintain that Pope revenged himself 
like that tyrant which he certainly was : this tyrant he shewed 
himself still more unjustly to poor Aaron Hill, and many of his 
rivals ; and, should such drawcansiring be attempted in these 
days of freedom (we have suspected it once or twice), Sidney's 
motto shall be found to be ours : 

— Mamu hoc inifttica Tyrannis, 

Ense [the literary sword is a pen] petit placidam tub Ubertate 
quietenL** Gent. Mag. vol. LVllL p. 235. 

* Of whom see vol. III. p. 264. 

t "It is no small recommendation of the work before us,. that 
both the Comedy and its Editor were patronised by Dr» Samuel 
Johnson ; a circumstance we are warranted in asserting, fron^ 
the fbUowing letter to Mr. Nichols : 

' Su, Aj^ 12, 1784. 

' I have sent you inclosed a very curious proposal from Mr. 
Ibwldns, the son of Sir Jdm Hawkins, who, I believe, will 
take care that whatever his son promises shall be perfbrmed.— 
If you are inclined to publish this compilation, the Editor wtU 
agree for an Edition on the following terms, which I think li- 
Iml enough. 

'' That you shall print the book at your own charge.— That 
the sale shall be wholly for your benefit till your expences an re- 
ptkl ; except that at the time of publication you shall put into 
the hands of the Editor, without price, — copies, for his friends. 
-^That, when you have been repaid, the profits arising firom th« 
sale of the remaining copies shall be divided equally between you 
and the Editor.— ^That the Edition shall not comprise fewer tha^ 
five hundred. 

"I am> Sir> your most humble servant, Sam. Johnson.'* 

P9 The 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

36 i.iT«M|iY AN«f;paTE$ [1787. 

ew^ olim Socio; oupc drau6 10 luoem edtta 
cum NotU Hi^toricU et Criticis : quibus tntuper 
uraeponituv Vita Auctoria^ et aubjicitur Gloasarium 
Vocabub Forenaia dilucid^ exponens: accuiunte 
Jobanoe Sidoaio Haw](ina> Ann*" 8^o« 

The foHowixig Pnipoeak were indose^^ a»d it is but juatioe to 
declare that ev^ry part of the etigagement was punctually fulfilled. 

** It Id proposed to give the text corrected by aU the printed 
Editions, and the several miMiuscripts now existing ; and also by 
a copy formerly belonging to Archbbhop Sancroft, collated by 
hnn, with three manuscnpts, ^nd corrected in numberless in- 
stances. By the help of these materials, and his own researches^ 
the Editor is enabled to give to the Pubfick a whole scene of the 
Comedy, and several other additions, which have never yet ap- 
peared in print As at this day the Comedy of Ignora,mus is con- 
ibssedly obscure, it abounding with allusions to fUcts and circnm' 
stances now but little known, and containing in it characters to 
which the vicissitude of our National manners has rendered, us 
almost strai^rs ; it is meant to add Nofes, historical, critical* 
and explanatory, containing such extracts fh)m Authors of esta- 
blished reputation, and such other remarks and observations, us 
wiH greatly tendtoifius^nte the obscure parts of the text. In 
particular, in order to explain the several facts respecting Schi- 
oppius, mentioned and referred to in the second Ptologue, the 
several passages relating to him will, from the very Authors from 
whom Mr. Ru^le derived his information, be given. In the 
course of theseNotes, virhTch will also tend to illustrate several 
popular and other customs referred to in the text, an exceedfaagly 
curious cut r«s|itctiBg Gan^t the Jesuit, mentioned in it, a eo- 
pious extract to expuuii the same, and also the original nuisick 
tjothe oaly.soog in the Comedy, wilfr be inserted. Uisfurchar 
intended to prefix, frbtn malMrials that luwe never beea given 
to tb^ workt a oopious Life of the Author ; which will also con* 
tain tW probaUa oceaeion of wrking thb Coaec^ ; an account 
of its dnt represantatioa ali Cambrldga; alirt of theorigirait 
Actors both in theComadyandfirsfe Prologue, thelatter of which' 
baa neverlieeA printed i several Ptoems written on occasion of ita: 
first ameanmue, and of King Janiea*s visit after-^Kntionod^ 
many of which exist only in manuscript 3 and, as very few parti- 
cubia rea^Q^ag that evont are to ba ibund in ai^ of our Uifito- 
riani^ a cuieunitfaDlial account of King Jaaies!s visit to the Usi^ 
neitfity of Cambpdg^ in ^61^4-15, wil^ itom like materials, be. 
given. I.astly, Ukhftoj^trndk to givn • Glossary of sudi Law- 
t^msaadphraa^ asarteithepi^KetedtOPaliMbd toia thit-ax* 

The Bevjawer iftG^Wt Mi«^ (voL LVUft. p. 49> aferr trmnscrib- 
ing the above Proposals^ adds, ''All this, and even more thaa this, 


Digitized by 


i;^?*] OP mt ztontEisarm century. 37 

'* Brief State of the Royal Humane Society, by 
William Hawc8*, M.D." 8vo. 


'' Letters written in Holland, in the Months of 
September and October 1787. By Thomas Bowd- 
lerf, Esq, M.D. F.R.S. and S. A4 to which is 

we win venture to My, has beta done by Mr. HawUiM> who has 
shewn much judgment and uncommon assiduity^ both in the com- 
ment and the glossary ; and, in the memoirs c^ hit Author^ has 
brought forward many new and entertaining particulars/— The 
Comedy of Ignommui, it is well known, was acted at Cambridge 
\mfyn King James I. and his son, the Prince of Wales (after^^irds 
Chalks I.) ; and the particulars of his entry and reception, as 
also a copious rdation of the transactions during his stay at the 
University, are given at large in an admirable letter, written by 
one who was an actual spectator of all that padsed, and lately 
pQbhshed from the orighial in the Pkiper-ofiBee, la a coUeetidli 
intituled, MiicelianeouM State P^ers, from 1501 !• 1796> 4to. 
London, 1778> vol. 1. p. 394. To this letter, as curious as it is 
authentic, Mr. Hawkins has added, by way of notes, a number 
of frets, which tend ereatlv to explain and illustrate it" 

* Of this very skMd and benevolent Resuscitator som^ account 
^aH be given hereafter. The '^ Brief State** of 1787 is hi the 
mean time here particularized, as it produced th6 following 
Letter to Dr. Hawes, from an enBghtened and eminent Physician, 
who had patronized the Society from its commencement : 
" Sit, mndiot, Sept. 18, 1787- 

" f bst ni^t received the favour of ^our letter, acquainting 
tM with the honour done me by my bemg chosen a Yice-IVesi* 
dent of the ffumane Society, which owes so much to your dis- 
, tfaigoished teaH and service for its fmmdation and support. My 
' admced age make6 its necessary to withdraw myself from my 
usual business, and therefore renders me not v^ry fit for any 
new employment, so that I am not likely to be at all useful to 
yon ; but, if you have a sufficient number of active Members to 
admit of an inactive one in me, I will receive the honour in- 
tended me with thankfolness. 1 earnestly request that you will 
not let me keep out any one who might do some sei^vice to tha 
Society^ foir to every such person I would gladly give place, 
ti(her now, or at any other time 

" I am. Sir, your most humble servant, W. Mebbrosw.'* 

t Dr. Bowdlcr was elected F. R. S. 1781 ; P. S. A. 1784. 

i " Thae ' Letters* having been published without Pte^e or 
Introduction, the Author kiAs printed an Introduction in 24 
l^gei^i which he concludes with observing, that, ' if the history 
if these uiihappy disputes shonM ever be written by an impartial 

Digitized by 



kided, A Collection of Letters and other Papers^ 
relating to the Journey of the Princess of Orange, 
on the 28th of June, 1787;' 8vo. 

*' A List of Scholars of St. Peter's College, West- 
minster, as they were elected to Christ Church 
College, Oxford, and Trinity College, Cambridge. 
From the Foundation by Queen Elizabeth, 15^1, 
to the present Time. Including the Admissions 
into the first-named College from 1663* To 
which is prefixed, a List of Deans of Westminster ; 
I)eans of Christ Church College, Oxford ; Masters 
of Trinity College, Cambridge; and Masters of 
Westminster School. Collected by Joseph Welch *."* 

^^ Sermons, on different Subjects, left for Publi- 
cation by John Taylor, LL. D. late Prebendary of 
Westminster, Rector of Bosworth, Leicestershire, 
and Minister of St. Margarets, Westminster-f-. Pub- 
lished by the Rev. Samuel Hayes, A. M. Usher of 
Westminster School :{:.'• 8vo. 

pen> it win be generally allowed that while Liberty and Patriotism 
were the universal subjects of discourse^ that constitution which 
had been established by the unanimous consent of every member 
of the Republic was overthrown^ and the United Provinces^ in 
the beginning of September 1787> were reduced to a situation 
which threatened the dissolution of the Confederacy and the 
ruin of its members." Mr, Gough, in Gent Mag. LIX. 934. 

* We]} known to the Noblemen and Gentlemen educated at 
Westminster School ; having for nearly 40 years lived assistant to 
the late Mr. William Ginger, Bookseller to that highly respectable 
Seminary. Mr. Welch was long in the habit of selling a MS LHt 
of the Scholars ; which, in 1788, he ppnted under the above 
title. He died, but not in affluence, in March 1805. 

t " Although these Discourses come into the world under a 
' questionable shape,* the general opinion concerning them 
16, that they are, in reality, the productions of the late Dr. Samuel 
Johnson. It is well known that he frequently employed his ta- 
lents In this way -, and the Discourses in the present volume bear 
the strong and characteristic features of his original genius. We 
may, therefore, with no small degree of confidence,^ point out 
this volume to the attention of our Readers, as a curious spe- 
cin^en of what might have been expected from the Author of the 
Rambler, had that manly sense, deep penetration, and ardent 
love of virtue, which rendered him so useful a public monitor xq 
the capacity of an Essayist, been professionally employed in t^ 
f ervice of religion." Monthly Review, vol. LXXJX. p. 528. 

t Of the Second volume qf these Sermomft, see herefdfter, p. 57. 

Digitized by 



" The Epistolary Correspondence of Sir Richard 
Steele : containing Letters to his second Wife, 
Mary Scurlock, and her Two Daughters ; now first 
printed from the Originals, which are deposited in 
the British Museum. Also, Letters to and from 
his Friends and Patrons. Now first collected, and 
the WhoW illustrated with Literary and Historical 
Anecdotes, by John Nichols.'* 2 vols, small 8vo. 

" The Scholar's Question-book * ; or, A Practical 
Introduction to Arithmetic ; containing a great Va- 
riety of Examples in all the fundamental Rules. By 
Thomas Molineqx. The second Edition." 12mo. 

" The Key to the Second Edition of the Scho- 
lar's Question-book * ; containing all the necessary 
Answers. By the Author, Thomas Molineux." l2mo. 

" The Abolition of the Slave Trade, considered 
in a Religious Point of View-f. A Sermon preached 
before the Corporation of tne City of Oxford, at 
St Martins, Feb. 3, J 7 88. By William Agutter|, 
M. A. of St. Mary Magdalen College," 8vo. 

* '* To the School-master who wishes to lessen his labours, 
we recommend this Second Edition and Key." 

Monthly Review, voL LXXIX. p. 73. 

f ** The well- chosen text of this animated Discourse will 
stand as a full answer to those who contend^ that the Negroes 
are an inferior species, &c. ' God hath made of one blood all 
the nations of men, to dweU on the Am^ of the earth/ AcU, 
XFU. 26/' Ibid, vol LXXVllL p. ^70. 

X The present exemplary Chaplain and Secretary to the Asylum 
for Female Orphans. He took the degree of M. A. in 17S4 -, and 
was the intimate Friend and Fellow Collegian of the cekbrated 
John Henderson, B. A. of Pembroke College, Oxford j who 
died November % 1788; and whose Funeral Sermon Mr. Agutter 
preached at St George's, Kingswood, Nov.. 13, and at Temple 
Church* Bristol, Nov. 30; and afterwards printed "at the Request 
of the Congregation." Mr. Agutter has since published " The 
Origin and Importan^se of Life, considered in a Sennon preached 
at the Parish Church of St Giles, Northampton, Sept. 13, 17S9» 
introductory to the Institution of the Preservative Society in 
that Coimty -, and at the Parish Church of Carshalton, in Surrey, 
for the Benefit of the Royal Humane Society, Oct. 25, 1789." 
" The Sin of Wastefolness ; a Sermon preached at the Parish 
Qiuit^ of St Vedast, Foster-lane, Jan. 17> 1796, after reading 
Uie Letter of the Archbishop of Canterbury, &c. recommending a 


Digitized by 



" Olla Podrida^i a Periodical Work^ complete, 
io Forty-four Numbers. The Second Eldition," 8va* 

" Morsels of Criticism-f' ; tending to illustrate some 
few Passages in the Holy Scriptures upon Philosp* 
pbioal Principlecf, and an enlarged View of Things^ 
By Edward fcng, Esq " 4to. 

^^ The History and Antiquities of Canonbury^, 
with some Account of the Parish of Islington, hy 
John Nichols." 4to^. 

The Fourth Volume of" Dr. Kippis^s Edition of 
the Biographia Britannica/' Folio. 

" An Account of the Culture and Use of the 
Mangel Wurzel, or Root of Scarcity. Translated 
from the French of the Abb6 de Commereil 1). The 
Foji^rth Edition^ corrected and enlarged^"" 4to. 

^^duction of the Consumption of Wheat." " Deliverance from 
Enemies, a Sermon preached on the Day of genei'al Thanks- 
giving> Dec 19> 1797> in the Chapel of the Asylum for Female 
0k;phaB8.*'— '' The Fjuthfiil Soldier and True Christian ; and the 
Miseries of BebeMion considered 3 in Two Sermons^ preached at 
the Puish Church of All Saints^ Northampton, Sept. 9> 1798." 
-»''0n the Difference between the Death of the Righteous and 
the Wicked ; illustrated in the instance of Dr. Samuel Johnson 
and David Hume, Esq. -, a Sermon preached before the University 
of Oxford, at St. Mary's Church, on Sunday, July S3, 1806.** 

* Edited by the Rev. Thomas Monro, M. A, (of whom here^ 
' 9S^) \ assisted by Bp. Home, Messrs. Headley, Kett, Gower, &c. 

t Of this Work, and its learned Author, see vol. VIII. p. 67. 

X '* Mr. Nichols, after that pause which works of ao mach 
investigation as his Topographical Numbers require, has, in thii^ 
his XLIXth Numbei', done amplejustice to the Mansion of the 
Abbots of that wealthy Monastic Foundation, the Priory of St. 
Bartholomew in Smithfield.'* Gent, Mag, vol. LIX. p. 339. 

\ That this Tract is now become exceedingly scarce, is the less to 
be regretted, as the substance of it has since been incorporated 
by Mr. Nelson in his *' History of Islington.** 

D Dr. Lettsom, the Translator, in a Pr^hce to the First Edi- 
tion, dated Aug. 1, 17B7, says, ** In the Midsummer of 1786, 
a few seeds were^ven me, said to be those of a Vegetable known m 
France under t1^ name of the Racine de Disette, Those seeds, 
which had been forst introduced into this country by Sir Richard 
Jebb, and by him presented to the Society of Arts, and by their 
ScCTetuy to Dr. Lettsom and other Members, were ftdrfy tried 
by that benevolent Physician ; who calculated, fix>m the prodnce 
fi his garden, ** that a square yard of ground, planted with the 


Digitized by 



^* Essiy tmrords a System of Mineralogy. By 
A. F. Cronstiedt^ MiiK-aiaster^ or Superinteodaat 
of Mines in Sweden. Translated, with Annotations, 
by G. Yon Engestpom, Counsellor of the College of 
Mines in Sw^ko. The Second Edition, greatly 

Hai^ WiurxeU wfll jiM^0ty pomidi in weight of salutary food.** 
The rapid sale of the fint Edition hairing called immediately for 
a secood, and Dr. Lettsom having obtained more seeds fhun the 
Continent^ he says, Sept. 5, 1787, " Since the first Edition was 
printed, I have seen the Maj^l Wurxel in flower, and am con* 
vinced that it is a species of Beet. The affinity, however, dots ' 
not detract from the value of the Mangel Wurzel, every part of 
which is edible and salutary, afibrding a supply for the table 
both in winter and summer. The leaves exceed spinach in the 
pleasantness of their taste. The stalks, and ribs of the laige, 
kaves, divested of the leafy part, and peeled, eat lika aqiaragusi 
tod may be used in soups, which they greatly improve. The 
leaves, tied up in a bag or net, with slices of meat interlaid, and 
boiled, make a dish both {feasant and salutary.'* After fiuther 
descanting on the virtues of the plant, and recommeodiBg its 
culture to the possessors of sraidl gardens — to those wh6 have a 
little land, scarcely sufficient to feed their single cow— and more 
especially to the affluent — he adds. '' All diese, as long as I possess 
seeds, may be immediatdy supplied, upon application, with a 
portion of them.'* — ^In the Preface to a Third Edition, Not. 15, 
1767, the Doctor gives a scientific history of this curious species 
of Beet, and an account of its introduction into this Kingdom. 
" In this short period," he observes, ** about t400 applications 
have been made for the plants and seeds, and I believe no person 
hss been disappointed. Of letters upon the subject of this Vege* 
tiUe, and its cultivation in particular, I have received about TOO, 
most of which have been answered."-*-A Fourth Edition, with 
a coloured Engraving, is thus concluded i '* After having given 
the Publick every usdiil inlbmation in my jpower, respecting 
the Mangel Wurzd, or Beta Hebtyda 3 and after having, at 
much labour and expenoe, distributed many millions of seeds, 
for the purpose of experiment. Time must determine how ikr 
my endeavours, directed to the good of the community, will 
prove so eventually. It remains with me, however, pubilely to 
thank my numerous Correspondents ; among whom I may in* 
elude many of the first in NatioBal rank, who have condescended 
to fhvour me with their approbation . To those invectives which 
•ome of the publk; prints have exiubited against me, I make no 
nply. However estimable the recard of virtuous cfaaraotors 
may be, he will involve himself in disappoi n tment and remorse^ 
who acts mer^ to gain the applaose even of the good, or to 
deprecate the censure of the envious. If my condoot htfve ao* 


Digitized by 



* enlarged and improved by the Addition of the 
modern Discoveries, and a new Arrangement of the 
Articles. By J. H. de Magellan, Talabrico-Lusi- 
tanus. Member of the Royal Society of London^ 
of the Imperial Academy of Sciences at St. Peters- 
burg and Bruxelles, of the Royal Societies of 
Sciences at Lisbon, Madrid, and and fieri in ; of 
the Literary and Philosophical Societies at Phila- 
delphia, Harlem, and Manchester; and Corre- 
spondent of the Royal Academy of Sciences at Paris.** 
2 vols. 8vo. 

** Sonnets and Odes, by Henry Francis Gary, 
Author of ' An Irregular Ode to Geaeial Eliott*'.*" 

quired the former, my motives, render me indifferent to the lat- 
ter. I should conclude this Letter with regret, in bein^ under 
the necessity of informing the Puhlick, that 1 am now exhausted . 
of all the seeds of the Mangel Wurzel which I raised myself, or 
procured from abroad, were it not in my power to add, that 
the Seedsmen in London are now in possession of a quantity to 
dispose of. As 1 wish fully to appreciate the value of this Vege- 
table, any future information respecting it will be acceptable to 
John Coaklby Le-ptsom j April 12, I7S8." 
As a conclusion of the sul^ect, I transcribe the following 
Advertisement: "The superior advantages of.cultivaJting the 
Mangold Wurzel, or Root of Scarcity, having been ascertained 
by experience, where the genuine Seeds have been tried ; I ac- 
quaint the Publick, that I have ordered a considerable quantity 
of them irom Pfeu^s, which I expect to arrive in the course of 
this month ; and have appointed fV, Chamberlaine, Sui^geon and 
Apothecary, No. 529> Aylesbiuy Street, Clerkenwell, to sell 
them ; to whom Orders and Letters (Post paid) may be directed, 
and of whom Packets of any size may be had, with which will 
be given printed Directions for cultivating, and applying to the 
best advantage, this valuable V^etable. — Each pound of this 
Seed will be sold at Eight Shillings, and the single Ounce at 
Nine Pence. — ^The Pro6t8 arising from the Sale vml be divided 
between the Society for the Disdiarge and Relief of Persons im- 
prisoned for small Debts, and the Humane Society of London. 
J. C. Lbttsom -, Sambrook-court, March X, 1789.*' 
Though the cultivation of this useful and very productive Vege- 
table did not become very general, these benevolent exertions 
cannot be too highly cemmended. For a more particular account 
of this Plant, see Gent. Mag. vol. LVIIL pp. 871> 1049. 

* *' We should be fiaistidious indeed, were we not to give much 
conunendation to a young Bard whom the Muse of Lichfield 
thus beautifully introduces to public nodce: 


Digitized by 



" The Memoirs of Sir Hugh Cholmley, Knt. 
and Bart. ; addressed to his two Sons. In which 
he gives some Account of bis Family, and the Dis- 
tresses they underwei^jt in the Civil Wars, and how 
far he himself was engaged in them. Taken from 
an Original Manuscript in his own Hand-writing, 
now in the Possession of Nathanael Cholmley, of 
Whitby and Howsham, in the County of York, 
Esq.** 4to, ; a very entertaining and interesting 
Work, of which only 100 copies were printed*. 

" Botanical Description of the Benjamin Tree of 
Sumatra. By Jonas Dryander-^, M. A. Lihr. R. S. 

' Prais*d be the Poet, who the Sonnet-daim« 
Severest of the orders^ that belong. 
Distinct and separate to the Delphic Song, 
Shall reverence -, nor its appropriate name 
Lawless assume. Peculiar is its frame, 

From him deriv'd who shunned the city throng, 
And warbled sweet, thy rocks and str^uns among, 
Lonely Valclusa ! — ^and ' that Heir of Fame/ 

Our greater Milton, hath by many a lay, 
Wov*n on this arduous model, clearly shown, 

That English Verse may happily display 
Those strict energic measures, that alone 

Deserve the name of Sonnet, and convey 
A grandeur, grace, and spirit, all their own.' 
'' The description above given is not exaggerated. The Reader 
win here find XXVI II Sonnets, exquisitely beautiful, the pro* 
duction of a Writer whose ' sixteenth simmier* has yet * scarcely 
dawn'd'." Gent. Mag. vol. LVllL p. 993. 

* " This book, printed for private use by the present worthy 
Bepresentative of the Family, is one of those many curious Family 
Hifltories which we have I'eason to believe were compiled during 
the 18th, and, perhaps, preceding century ; a regular deduc* 
tioD of private life for six generations, from Sir Roger Cholmley, 
of FUunborough, knighted by Henry VIII." Ibid, p. 618. 

t Librarian to Sir Joseph Banks, and to the Royal Society, 
and a Vice-President of the Linnsean Society. His eminent at- 
tainments in that branch of science which he chiefly cultivated, 
had long placed him in the first rank among the Naturalists of 
Europe > and his Catalogue of the Banks'um Library, which is 
before the publick, will be a lasting monument of erudition, per- 
severance, and sound judgment, and can scarcely be surpassed. 
He died, in Soho Square, Oct. 19, 1810, set. 6$ i and the fol- 
lowing Epitaph was written by hb Friend and Admirer, Mr. Ste- 
phen Weston, to whom he gave the last book in Sir Joseph Banks*t 
libnury, before he left it for ever. 


Digitized by 



tnd Member of the Royal Academy of Sciences at 
Stockholm," 4to. 

*^ The Progresses and Public ProoeMions of Queen 
Elizabeth*^. Among which are interspersed, other 
Solemnities, Public Expenditures, ana remarkable 

'' Beneath this humble tomb-stone lie 

The moulderinff bones c^ honest Dry, 

A learned Swede of Linn^*s school^ 

Long ijised o*er Botany to rule, 

PUmiOTum gmera, et species, 

Varieties ad wque decies. 

Full maay an author well he knew, 

From Tournefbrt to Jussieu ; 

Gerarde and Johnson, and all such ^ 

From Tabermontan, in High Ihitch, 

Down to the secrets which we come by 

In the receipts of Mother Bumby. 

For current Coins he well could barter. 

Whether Chinese, or Muntcheow Tartar ; 

Persic, Arabic, orNapaul; 

Where struck, and when, he knew them all. 

English as well ; Testoons of Mary ; 

And aU the heads of Will and Harry. 

Death stopp*d him in his proud care^. 

And laid him on his funeral bier. 

We hope, indeed, to set him fiast in 

A fair and blooming Everlasting ; 

And transport him there anew. 

Where, in a brighter heavenly Kew, 

The Lily, or Imperial crown. 

Are never subject to die down. 
'' He left to all a brilliant sample. 

Of diligence beyond example. 

To Aiton he bequeathed his name^ 

His trivials, ana his lasting ftune > 

To Knights and Squires his opinions 

Of Buoni^MUte and his minions ; 

And for his Patron's fostering care, 

Twas all he had — a dying Ptayer !** 
* *' Bishop Percy, in his ReCques of Antient English Poetry, 
has expressed a wish that a select detail might be pubfished of 
some of j^een Elizabeth's excursions to the houses of her No^ 
hility ; he observes, that the Diaries which we have of this kind 
ftroi^ly paint the magnificence of her Reign, mark the spirit of 
the times, and present us with scenes very remote from modera 
manners. Mr. ^f ichols, inde&tigahle in the pursuit of what is 
curious and axUique, here offers us a collection^ ftgrerittg with 


Digitized by 



Events, during the Reign of that illustriooB Prin- 
cess. Now first printed from original ^SS. of the 
Times; or collected from scarce Pamphlets, &c. 
Illustrated with Historical Notes. By John 
Nichols, F. S. A. Edinb. and Perth,** 2 vols. 4to. 
(completed by a third volume in 1805.) 

" The Works of the Right Reverend William 
Warburton, Lord Bishop 01 Gloucester. In Seven 
Volumes*," 4to. 

** A Supplemental Volume of Bishop Warbur- 
ton's Works, being a Collection of all the New 
Pieces contained in the Quarto Edition *,^ 8vq. 

tbe above propossJ^ whick fintos two laige vobunes. The pne- 
tioe of Bvikipg Prc^g^reMes about h»x iomiAomB evidealhr akti^m 
tbe plan of fNopuhffity wludi this great Queen had laid dow% 
from the begUfiixig of ber leign : yet it will by no means follow 
thata Uk/esGhewe would comport with the circumstancesaod maft* 
oeiB of the present times. The Editor's Pra&ce affordsaevenA 
amuriag accouats lelatiTe to the subjeet, introduced fay some 
xemairka 9a what preceded the (Queen*s CcMroaotkm.*' 

Monthfy Beview, 90I. LXXXL p. 131. 
* '' The great WarbuKon^ though exhibited to the Utsxwtf 
world in .seven ms^nifiesnt quaftos^ is forced, lor the present 
at least* to appear without those aceompaniments which ustmlljr 
attend the collected works of celelHrated deceased Authors^ * m 
himself is all his state ;* nor is even the little ceremony of a 
critical ov biographical Pt«iaee enjoyed to usher in the wril* 
tags of this karned Prelate. There is only prefiaed to them ^e 
fcdlowing concise Advertisement: ' The Reader virill expect some 
aecount of the life» wntingp»y and character of the Audior to be 
prefixed to this complete Edition of his Works. He is therefore 
informed, that a Discoiuse to that eftct has been prepared^ sdsd 
will be puWished) but not now* for reasons that wiM be seen 
hereafter. However , It may be pvoper to add^ that the pur- 
chaaer oi this £dUtton wiU be entitled to a copy of the ]>iseourse, 
whenever it coe^es out, on his producing a tidcet^ which for the 
par|M>se will be deliv^^ to him by the Bookseller. All 1 have 
to say» at present, of the Author*s Works, is that they haare 
heea dieted cavefiiUy from hie last corrections and imfirove^ 
meBts ', and arrange in that o«der which was judged most cott*^ 
vonieal. Of' the new tmets^ included in tins edition^ the mesl 
QODfiidei^le iein the ninth book of the Divine Legi^tt» printed^ 
so fiur as it goes^ by ^e Author hieBsei^ but kA unfinished. 
This Discoin^e must be interesting to the Reader ^ but wflt not 
appear to have all the novelty whidi he may expect. Therea*-. 
son is» that the Aiithor bad laid aside all tiiougfats of completing 


Digitized by 



*^ A Sermon preached at Christ Church, Middle- 
sex, for the Benefit of the Humane Socie^, March 
30 ; andattheParish-churchofWandsworth, April 27^ 
1788. By the Rev. Robert-Pool Finch*, D. D. 

this book for many years, and had, in the mean time, employed 
some parts ef it in his other works. From these, when he at 
length resumed that intention, he extracted many passages, 
which are now again inserted in their place. Thus much 1 
thought fit to say of this additional Book, that the Reader vaof 
come the better prepared to the perusal of it. Fot the rest, 1^ 
is referred to the Author's Life, at large. R. Worcbstbr*.** 
Monthly Review, vol. LXXXLp,SBi. 
* This worthy Divine was of Peter House, Cambrkige ; B. A. 
1743; M. A. 1747; D.D. 1772; and particularly distinguished 
himsdf in the Divinity-school, when he kept the statutable exer- 
cise for the Doctorate ; his able exertions procuring him the well- 
merited applause of Dt. Watson, the very learned Professor, then 
recently fuJvanced to the chair. He entered into holy orders 
unususJly early ; his letters of deacon's orders bearing date Sept. 
9S, 1744. Sourcely had he attained his 23d year, when he was 
appointed to the Curacy of a laige and populous parish in the 
vicinity of the Metropolis ; a serious charge to be entrusted to 
so young a Divine. Notwithstanding his youth, he conducted 
himself with the greatest discretion, and never fbi^got the dig- 
nified gravity of the Oerical character. He did not long con- 
tinue in this situation, being soon afterward appointed to a still 
more important statipn. Immediately after he had taken priest^s 
orders, he was unanimously chosen Chaplain of Guy's Hospital. 
The arduous and painful duties of this trying situation he dis- 
dmrged in a most exemplary manner, during a residence of 37 
years. He was peculiarly attentive to the adminiM.tration of that 
most solemn and awfiil rite, the Visitation of the Sick ; ever 
anxious to administer comfort to the afflicted, and hope to the 
dying. He was also engaged in a Curacy in the Metropolis, 
which he held for a consid^tible space of time, with much credit 
to himself, and to the great satis&ction of the Rector and Fa- 
mhioners. In 1755, he was elected to the Weekly Lectureship 
at St. Bartholomew*s behind the Exchange, in the gift of the 
Haberdashers* Company. He held this preferment to the day of 
his death, and was highly sensible of the esteem and respect 
which he always met with from his worthy Pktrons. Having been 
long and laboriously engaged in the more humble, though not 
less useful or respectabk, rank of the Clerical profession, he 
was chosen Rector of St. MichaePsy Comhill, in 1771 3 and, in 
1781 > was promoted to a Pkebend in the Church of Westminster. 
In 17SS, he was collated by the Dean and Chapiter to the Rec- 
tory of St John's, Westminster; and, in the following year, re- 
signed the Rectory of St. Michael. In 1784, he had Uie o£fer of 


Digitized by 




Prebendary of Westminster, and Rector of St, 
John the Evangelist in that City/' Svo. 

the Bishoprick of Killala in Ireland^ then vacant ; but declined 
it (see Gent. Mag. LXVII, 504.) — ^Though not so laboriously 
engaged as he had been in the prime of Tife> he did not forget 
the trust he had accepted as Rector of St. John's. He constantly 
filled the pulpit on Simdays ; and was anxious to assist in the 
grand Festivals ; not one of which did he absent himself from, 
except in the last year of hb life, when> to his infinite regret^ 
he was rendered incapable of attending by the infirmities of age. 
His unblemished life and cdnversation exhibited a faithful comment 
upon the sacred duties of his profession -, which; for more than 
half a century, he discharged in a most conscientious manner. 
Constantly occupied, as he had been for a series of years, in the 
discharge of his official duties, he did not omit to employ hb 
pen in the cause of Chnstianity; and his Tracts and Dis- 
courses were in general usefiil and well-timed, and were well 
received by the Publick. He published, in 1746, " A Thanks- 
giving Sermon, preached at Greenwidi, on the late Victory 
over the Rebels ;" and in the same year, " A Defence of a 
Vindication of Mr. Fisher's Account of the Earl of Kilmar- 
nock and Lord Balmerino, in a Reply to Mr. Wilson.** " A Free 
Examination of Mr. Cudworth's Free Thoughts, 1747." '* The 
Nature and Use of National Repentance, a Fast Sermon, 1747." 
Another Fast Sermon, at Greenwich, 1748. A Thanksgiving 
Sermon for Peace, April 25, 1749. [These early specimens Se 
hb talents were noticed at the time as peculiarly neat com- 
positions.] " A Sermon preached before the Sons of the 
Clergy, at the Anniversary Meeting at St. Paul's, May 6j 
1768." Another, at the Annual Meeting of the Charity 
Schoob, 1774. " The Denunciation of Christy against Je- 
rusalem, considered and applied; a Fast Sermon, at St. Mi- 
chael's, Cornhill, 1777." Another Fast Sermon, at the same 
Church, Feb. 10, 1779. " A Call to Recollection, Resolution, 
and Exenion, with a View to the present State and essential 
Interests of thb Country, 1794," 12mo. " The Christian Sab- 
bath vindicated, in Opposition to Sceptical Indifference, and 
Infidel Practice, 1798/' Svo. — Dr. Finch was a firm friend to our 
unrivaled Constitution in Church and State. The summary of 
hh politicks was, " Fear God, and honour the King." In 
the active scenes of life be had been invariably engaged, ever 
ready to assist in promoting laudable designs. To the Society 
for maintaining and educating the Orphans of poor Clergymen, 
he had been a zealous friend, and from its infancy a kind pro- 
tector. Hb benevolence was extensive: with him the widow 
and orphan pleaded not their cause in vain. Hb conduct as 
Treasurer to the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge, 
during a service of more than 20 vears, was marked with a 
i&interested zeal, integrity, and independence. Courteous to 


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^< Cushtmak Rqffjsnse ; from the Origjnal Ma- 
nuscript in the ArcbiTes of the Dean and Chapter ot 
Rochester. To which are added, Memorials of the 
Cathedral Church ; and some Account of the Re- 
all, yet firm in maintamiog his opinion, which was the result of 
a sound judgment ; upon all occasions studious to exemplify, a» 
wen as enforce, that incomparable precept, '' Let your modera- 
tion be known unto all men." In numerous assemblies there 
must be a di£ference of sentiment ; that difference it was his con- 
stant aim to reconcile as much as possible. When the debility 
of age obliged him to relinquish that honoiurable but burthen- 
some office, his resignation was received with universal regret, 
and his long and fiuthful services were crowned with the most 
ample and generous testimony of approbation. In all the sodal 
anci relative duties he was conspicuously eminent. To an un- 
commonly fine and gracefid person^ he added the accompHshed 
manners of a complete gentleman, which he retained almost to 
the last moment of his life. His deportment was such as to 
gain respect from Majesty itself) ^m men of high degree and 
of low degree. Having fulfilled the various duties of a good and 
faithful servant, he filched his mortal course May IS, 1803> io 
the 80th year of his age f enjoying the esteem of all good men. 

Thoodas Finch, Esq. the Doctor*s only Son, was principally 
educated at Merchant Taylors* School, and was aflenvards. 
Fellow of St. John's College, Oxford, where his academical ca- 
reer was marked by the most correct conduct, and considerable 
literary distinction. He was elected F. R. S. in 1804 ; and died, 
of a pulmonary consumption, March 23, 1810, at the age of 
53. The calmness, resignation, and Christian hercnsm, with 
which he met the slow and gradual advances of death, were tine 
best evidences of that genuine piety which hai^ily revolted 
equally fcom extreme Calvinism as from Socinianism, and 
which was founded upon the true and unperverted doctrines of 
our excellent Church, of the truth of which he was thoroughly 
convinced, as weU by his own accurate judgment, as by an ex- 
tensive acquaintance with the writings of her ablest supporters. 
In his manners, and in his whole depoitment, he never lost 
sight of that elegant and gentlemanly reserve, which mi^ht 
keep rudeness or impertinence at a distance, but which marked 
the true gentleman, and evinced a proper self-esteem, and a 
laudable consciousness of that rank, which his birth and talents 
entitled him to hold in society. In the profession of the Law, he 
uniformly proved himself an upright and discreet adviser -, a 
sound and able advocate. In the early part of his career at the 
Bar, he attracted the peculiar notice and marked attention of 
Lord Thurlow, whose discernment would, there ia little doubt, 
had he continued to fill the office of Chancellor, have elevated 
kim to a station where his merit would have shone nK)re conspi- 

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mains of Churches, Chantries, &c. whose Instru- 
Bients of Foundation and Endowment are, for the 
most Part, contained in the Registrum Roffense : 
With divers curious Pieces of Ecclesiastical Anti* 
quity, hitherto unnoticed, in the said Diocese. 
The Whole intended as a Supplement to that Work. 
Illustrated with LVII Copper Plates, from accurate 
Drawings, taken principally under the Editor's In- 
spection. By John Thorpe*, of Bexley in Kent^ 
Esq. M. A. F. S. a;' Folio. 

*^ Caius Valerius Catullus -|-. Recensuit Johannes 
Wilkes, Anglus. Londini,Typi9 Johannis Nichols;'* 
small 4to. 

cQOusly, and bis talents have been more difiiisively useful. The 
*' Precedents in Chancery," which he edited with considerable 
care and ablKty, will not pennit his name to be entirely for- 
gotten in the profession. It is much to be regretted, that the 
weakness of his health, combined with his great aversion to ail 
speculative enterprize, deprived his country at large of that learn- 
ing, judgment, and eloquence, joined to that great political 
knowledge, which would have done honour to her Parliamen- 
tary representation. As a scholar, he was highly capable of 
rdifthSng the beauties and sublimities of those works which are 
the )gre2Lt standards of classical composition, as his grammatical 
acquaintance with the Greek and Latin languages was correct, 
and his taste perhaps almost too festidiously refined. The Holy 
Scriptura formed a favourite branch of his studies, which his 
experience and skill in the Hebrew language rendered more de- 
lightful to him. With the principal modern languages he was 
well acquainted, and was particularly attached to the German. 
He ccmversed in French with great fluency and propriety. And 
the unexampled care and attention which he personally bestowed 
upon the education of his Son proved that he was fiilly aware 
of the binding and serious duties imposed upon a Pu'ent. 

* Of whom see vol. III. p. 515. 

t The following brief note will shew the worthy Chamberlain*^ 
tttantion to the correct and speedy progress of his literary labours : 
" D»AR SiH, Princeg Court, Tuesday, Feb, 6, 1788. 

*' I find the arrangement of the pieces in yoiu* £dition of Ca- 
tulhis to be voy different from Vulpius*s, which is allowed to b^ 
the best. I therefore send you my copy, from which our Edition 
•hooki be printed. When you send me any proof, I wish you 
to send the volume likewise, and I will return it to you, th&t 
there may be no dalay ; for I have it at heart to tinish this und^- 
tiking speedily> as well as most accurately and beautifolly . 

'^ Good morrow^ dear Mr. Deputy, Jobm Wilkxs.' 

Vol. IX. E ' Of 

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^^ On the Principle of Vitality in Man, as de- 
scribed in the Holy Scriptures, and the Difference 
between true and apparent Death. A Sermon, 
preached in the Parish Church of St Andrew, 
Holborn, on Sunday, March 22, 1789, for the • 
Benefit of the Humane Society . By Samuel [Horsley], 
Lord Bishop of St. David's*." 

** The Young Widow -f- ; or, the History of Cor- 
nelia Sedley : in a Series of Letters ;" [a j'eu ct esprit 

*' Of Catullus, as a Writer, we are not now to sit in judg- 
ment. Bdoved and admired by his Contemporaries, his fame 
has been established by the concurring testimony of more than 
eighteen centuries. Martial says of him, 

* Tantum magna suo debet Verona Catullo, 
Quantum parva suo Mantua Virgilio.* 
And not less warm some later Criticks. The present very beau- 
tiful £dition of his Works was undertaken by Mr. Wilkes in con- 
sequence of a conversation with the Imperial Ambassador on 
the Art of Printing. Count Revksky, it is well known, pos- 
sessed an incomparable Collection of the Ediiiones Prindpes^ 
and Mr. Wilkes, with truly polite attention, was at the trouble 
and expence of printing the present volume, that he might have 
it in his power to place in so rare a repository a copy on vdlum 
of a favourite Classic Poet. The whole impression consisted 
only of three copies on vellum, and 100 on a beautiful writing- 
paper ; all which have been bestowed in presents to characters 
of the first eminence. The whole of Count Revicsky*s select and 
very valuable Library, including the Catullus, has since become 
the property of Earl Spencer." Gent Mag, vol LX. p. 917. 

* " This is one of the few Public Sermons from which both 
Hearers and Readers learn something. Nor could less be expected 
fit)m the learned and philosophic Bishop of St. David^s ; who 
here applies that strength and perspicuity of reasoning which he- 
improved by the study of Newton*s Works, to illustrate and es- 
tablish, from Reason and Revelation, the true principle of vitality 
in man -, viz. the union of the immaterial soul with the body, and 
that human life is undeniably composed of tlie three principles 
of intelligence, perception, and vegetation. We couU with plea- 
sure transcribe whole passages from this Discourse, but we wish 
the Publick not to lose a line of it i and could our wishes pro- 
cvu'e them the perusal of a subsequent Discourse on the same 
iiibject, illustrated from the resurrection of a Lazarus, we should 
feel ourselves highly gratified." Ibid. vol. LIX. p. 547. 

f " In the crowd of Novels which swarm in this countiy 
from a thousand Circulating Libraries, and which too frequently 


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from the diegant pen of toy excellent Friend Wil- 
litm Hayley, £sq.J 4 vols, small Svo. 

^^ Thoughts on the early Ages of the Irish Nation 
and History^ and on the ancient Establishment of 
the Milesian Families in that Kingdom ; with a par* 
ticular Reference to the Descendants of Heber^ the 
eldest son of Milesius*;'' 4to. pp. 50; with a copious 
Genealogical Plate, very accurately engraved by Mr. 
Longmate, .and intituled, " A Genealogical His- 
tory of the Family of 0*Sull ivan More-f*, from Duach 
Donn, Monarch of Ireland Anno Mundi 3912." 

tend to debauch and deprave the tender mind^ by throwing hues 
of fiedae gloom or luxuriance over life, it gives us great pleasure 
to find, now and then> a work of moral tendency. Sudi is the 
one now before us/* Gent. Mag. vol LIX. p. 54? . 

* Of this curious work, never intended for sale, two Editions, 
of 100 copies each, were printed, under the superintendance of 
Richard-Josepb Sullivan, Esq. assisted by Mr. Barak Longmdte. 

f It appears, by this genuine Memoir, that the estates and 
property of John O'SuUivan, in Duhallow, which were for- 
feited in the reign of James II. consisted of 7^45 acres, the rental 
of whkh in 1 789amounted to 3197^. — Sir Bei\)amin Sullivan, Knt. 
eldest son of the late Benjamin O'SuUivan More, and now (1814) 
tHe principal representative of that antient and illustrious Family, 
was bom at Cork, April 23, 1747. He was knighted by letters 
patent under the great seal, bearing date in June 1801 ^ and is 
one of the Puisne Judges of the Supreme Court of Judicature at 
Madras. The Right Honourable John Sullivan, of Ritchin'a 
I^irk, Bucks (M. P. for Ashburton, a Commissioner for the af- 
fiurs of India, and brother-in-law by marriage to the Earl of 
Buckinghamshire), is brother to Sir Benjamin. A third brother 
was Richard- Joseph, who, early in life, was sent to Asia, with his 
brother John, under the auspices of Laurence Sullivan, esq. 
F. S. A. Chairman of the East India Company, and M. P. first for 
Taunton, and afterwards for Ashburton. On his retiun toEurope, . 
be made a tour through \^ous parts of England, Scotland, 
and Wales, which he published, in a series of Letters, in two oc- 
tavo volumes, 1780. Not long afterwards he piinted " A letter 
to the East India Directors ;*' which was followed by '^ An Ana- 
Ipk of the Political History of India," in an octavo volume ; 
"Thoughts on Martial Law^*' a pamphlet ; and **^ Philosophical 
Rhapsodies j" " Fragments of Akbur of Bettis," containing 
Reflections on the Laws, Manners, Customs, and Religion, of 
certain Asiatic, Afric, and European Nations,'* in three vo- 
bunes, 8vo. The last of these works, though sa|d to be 
ivritten by a native of Assyria, was soon found to be more 
£ 9 deeply 

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5f UrntART AVECDOTES [17^9^ 

*' SHtmtma ; or, A Choit^raphical Descrip- 
tion of the flourishing Kingdoms of England^ Scot- 
land^ and Irdand, and the Islands adjacent ; from 
the earKest Antiquity. By William Camden*, 
Translated from the Edition published by the Au- 
thor in MDCVii. Enlarged by the latest Disco- 
veries, by Richard Gough, F. A. and R. SS. In 
Three Volumes. Illustrated with Maps, &c.'* Fol. 

deeply tinctured with European than with Oriental Philosophy. 
—Mr. Sullivan was elected F. R. S. and F. S. A. in 1785; and 
in 1794 he published " A View of Nature, in Letters to a 
Traveller among the Alps." The Author of the " Pursuits of 
Literature" thought proper to dignify this publication with 
the character of * a work of labour and of general utility, di- 
gested from original writers with judgment, and with an up- 
right, virtuous heart, in a pleasing and instructive manner.* 
To the gokxlness of the Writer's heart it is impossible to object ; 
but the last vohune alone is strictly worthy of a philosophic 
pen. In the Parliament convoked in 1790, Mr. Sullivan was 
elected for the borough of New Romney ; and at the general 
election in 1802 he was returned for Seaford, after a sharp con- 
test. May 99, 1804, he wascreated aBaronet of Great Britain ; and 
on the 8th of June, in the same year, he divided mth the then Ex- 
minister, Mr. Addington, against the first measure of Mr. Ktt's 
Administration, the Additional Force Bill. On the 8th of April, 
1605, when the conduct of Lord Melville was the suliject of dis- 
cbs^iott iii the House, he was in the minority, in favour of the 
amendment of the Chancellor of the Exchequer to the motion of 
Mr. Whitbread. He died July 18, 1806. Richard, his eldest 
son, died young, at Paris, in 1789 j and was succeeded m title 
^ his cpecoiid son, Sir Henry Sullivan, M. P. for the City of Lin- 
coln, who fell gloriously, in his Couhtry's service, in the glorious 
but melancholy affidr at Thoulouse, April 14, 1814. 

* " The Publick are here in possession of the lonff-expected 
new Edition of Caitiden*s Britannia, which has employed its Editor 
the larger part of man's allotted term of life, seven years in 
traniladng and enlarging, and nine more id printing, exclusive 
of twenty more in journeying ; to which may be ad£d a longer 
time in reading and enquiry. If we may be admitted as compe- 
tent judges of such a work, we think Mr. Gough is entitled to the 
thanks'm all lovers of their country and its antiquities, fol- the 
mine he has taken in setting both before them in such a curopre- 
hensive view. If a new translation, additions from the latest 
cBieoveTie8,-^iscoverie8 not collected only from printed autho- 
rities, or addressed to the collector In his study, — a different 
iietribution of those additions^ a correct set of maps^ aiKl above 

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ir^O OF T»B siMnsBMiB cmrruiiy. (3 

** Tw6 Dt8ccrar$es* preached ih tbe Chapel Qf the 
Asylum for Female Orphaas, March 8, IjSg. By 
the Rev, Samuel Hopkinscm^, A. M. lateFelloir of 
Clare -Hall, Cambridge, Rector of Ettoa^ and Cu? 
rate of Christ Church, Surrey." 4to. 

aa hundred other copper plates, can insure the public approba* 
tion, these are, it is presumed, the recommendations of thA 
present Edition ; which, as Mr. Gough observes in his Prefiace, * as 
it courts no patronage, expects no praise beyond its intrinsie 
de«erts." Gent. Mag. LIX. 546. 

♦ " The subjects of these Discourses are important, and well 
adapted to the occasion and place where they were deKveredi 
Hiejr are composed with care and attention, and cannot feil to 
please those who read them with the same spirit with which they 
are written. The first contains very serious and just reflections 
on- human lile^ and bespeaks a mind well informed with the 
knowledge of the Scriptures, and deeply impressed with a rational 
piety. It concludes with a warm, and at the same time a modest 
address to the Guardians^ of the Asylum. — ^The second Discourse 
^ewB the great advantage of good example in general, and re- 
commends that of our Saviour in particular, ' whose principal 
desi^ was the reformation and happiness of mankind.' The 
Author conchides this Discourse with an affectionate, pious, and 
sensible address to the Orphans of the Asylum.— On the whole, 
these Discourses of Mr. Hopkinson justly merit our commen- 
dadoD, being vmtten with what must ever please the judicious 
Reader, modesty, simplicity, and earnestness^ M. R. LXXXI. 74. 
f Samuel Edmund Hopkinson, son of the Rev. WilHam * and 
Mzabeth Hopkinson, B. A. 1777? M. A. 1780? B.D. 1793. 
This worthy man, whose time and talents have long been devoted 
to a conscientious discharge of the important duties of a Parish 
Priest and an active Magistrate, was early in lib patronized by 
Eari Fitzwilliam, by whom he was presented to the Rectory of 
Etton in Northan^ptonshire. For the U9e of his parishioners, 
Mr. Hopkinson published, in 1793, an excellent little Volume of 
"Religious and Moral Reflections j" which did not escape the 
penetrating judgment of Bp. Pretyman, his Diocesan, who 
collated him to the Vicai-age of Morton cum Haccomby in lin- 
o^nslure, as is gratefully acknowledged by Mr. Hopkinson 
in the Prefiwe to a Second Edition of his " Reflections," pub- 
lished in 1814 for the use of his Lincolnshire parishioners; 
amongst whom he now resides, universally beloved and respected. 

* This gentkman, whe was bom at Upton in Northamptonsbirt, May 
10, 1797, having rendered bimsetf dear to his Friends and Family by tbe 
etefcise of every Cbristian virtue, died, at P6terboroug;fa, in bis S^th 
year, Ati|:. SI, 1798, and bis widow, July 8, 1795. See their Joint Epitaph 
ia the *< Hi^oty of Castor/ in Nortbamptontbire, p. 8^. 

A General 

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*^ A Creoeral Index to the first Fifty-six Volumes 
)»f the Gentleman's Magazine^ since its Commence- 
ment in the year I731, to the End of I786. Com- 
piled by Samuel Ayscough *, Clerk, F. S. A. As- 

* This very useful contributor to the literary history of his 
country was the son of Georg:e Ayscough of Nottingham, a re- 
spectable tradesman^ who unfortunately launched into specula- 
tions which impaired his fortune. His son Samuel, after a school 
education, assisted his father in the business of a farm for some 
time, and afterwards was reduced to work as a labournig miller 
for the maintenance of his &ther and sister. While at this bum« 
ble occupation, which did not procure the very moderate ad- 
vantage he expected, Mr. Earner, an old school-feUow and 
friend (afterwards Sir John Eamer, an Alderman and Lord 
Mayor of London), hearing of his distress, about 1770, invited 
him to the Metropolis, and obtained for him at first the office of 
an overlooker of some paviours in the street. Soon after, how- 
ever, he assisted in the shop of Mr. Rivington, BookseUer, of 
St. Paul's Church-yard ; and then obtained an employment in 
the British Museum, at a small weekly Stipend. Here he disco- 
vered a d^^ree of knowledge, which, if not profound, was highly 
useful, in arranging and catak)guing Books and MSS. ; and his 
services soon recommended him to an increase of salary, and to 
some extra employment in regulating the Libraries of private 
gentlemen, the profits of which he shared with his &ther, whom 
be sent for to town, and maintained comfortably till his death, 
Nov. 18, 1783. About 17B5 he was appointed Assistant-Libra- 
rian to the British Museum, on the establishment ; and soon 
after, entering into holy orders, wbs ordained to tl^ curacy of 
N(»xnantoa upon Soar, in Nottinghamshire. He w£is also ap- 
pointed assistant-curate of St, Giles in the Fields > and in all 
those situations conducted himself in such a manner as to gain 
the friendship of many distinguished characters. In 1 790 he was 
appointed to preach the Fairchikl Lecture f, on Whit-Tuesday, 
at Shoreditch church, before the Royal Society, which he com- 
tinued to do till 1804, when he completed the series of the Dis- 
courses in fifteen sermons. His labours in Literature were of the 
most useful cast, and manifested a patience and assiduity seldom 
to be met with, and his laborious exertions in the vast and in- 
valuable library of the British Museum form a striking instance 
of his zeal and indefatigable attention. He soon acquired that 
slight degree of knowledge in several languages, and that tech- 
nical knowledge of old Books and of their Authors, and parti- 

t In 1739, Thomas Fairchild, of fliioredittb Parith, ^rdener^ be- 
queathed a sum of money for a Sennon on Whit-Tuetday, on ** The won- 
derful works of God in the Creation,'* &c. It has hecn preached by some 
very eminent men« a list of whom may be seen in Mr. Heniy £Uis*s Histoiy 
pf Shprfiditch, p. 268.— See also voL I. ^ 653. 


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sistant Librarian of the British Museum* In Two 
Volumes. The First containing an Index to the 
Essays^ Dissertations, and Historical Passages ; the 

cularly that skill Id decypbering difficult writing, which anifdy 
answered the most useAil purposes of the Lihranan, 83 well •• 
the Visiiing Scholar. He assisted also in the adjustment of tht 
Kecords in the Tower> and in the formation of many useful In- 
dexes and Catalogues, some of which will be noticed hereafter. 
By these means his situation became very comfortable -, and about 
a year before hi^ death, it was render^ yet more so, by his beinc 
presented with the small Vicarage of Cudham in Kent, by Lora 
Chancellor Eldon. He wrote a very accurate account of that 
parish, for the Gentleman's Magazine, a few weeks before he died ; 
and, by an affecting coincidence, it appeared in that excellent 
repository the same month in which his death was announced. 
This event happened Oct. 30, 1804, at his apartments in the 
British Museum, in the 59th year of his age. Mr. Ayscough was a 
man of a benevolent and charitable disposition, and frequently 
consulted how he might exercise these virtues, without reflecting 
that his means were circumscribed. Having experienced much 
distress himself with regard to pecuniary matters, he was ever 
ready to alleviate it in others, and became a Patron almost before 
he ceased to be a Dependant. In his office in the Museum he 
wiU long be rememb^ed, for the pleasure he seemed to take in 
assisting the researches.of the curious, and imparting the know- 
ledge he had acquired of the vast resources in that national repo- 
fitoiy. With somewhat of roughness, or bluntness, in his man- 
ner, he delighted in volunteering his services in all cases where 
the Visitors wished for information } and there was a preciaeness 
and regularity in all the arrangements he had made^ which 
enabled him to do this with a iacility which often cannot be 
acquired by veteran Bibliographers. In 1783, Mr. Ayscough 
published a smsaXL political pamphlet, *' Remarks on the Letters 
of an American Farmei- j or, a detection of the errors of Mr. J. 
Hector St. John ; pointing out the pernicious tendency of those 
letters to Great Britain.*' But among his more useful labours 
must be particularly distinguished his '' Catalogue of the Manu- 
scripts preserved in the British Museum, hitherto undescribed, 
consisting of five thousand volumes, including the collections of 
Sir Hans Sloane, Bart, and the Rev. Thomas Birch, D. D. and 
about five hundred volumes bequeathed, presented, or pur- 
chased at various times, 1782," 2 vols. 4to. This elaborate 
Catalogue is on a new plan, for the excellence of which an ap- 
peal may safely be made to every Visitor of the Museum since 
the date of its publication. Mr. Ayscough assisted afterwards in 
the Catalogue of Printed Books, 2 vols, folio, 1787> of which 
about two-thirds were compiled by Dr. Maty and Mr. Harper, 
aad the remainder by Mr. Ayscough. He was also, at the time 


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Second, Indexes to the Poetical ArticleB^ the 
Nam^s of Persons, the Plates, and to the Books and 

A New Edition of " The Spectator ♦.'* ISmo. 

*^ The Modes of Quotation used by the Evange- 
lical Writers explained and vindicated. By the Rev. 
Dr. Henry Owen, F. R. S. Rector of St. Olave, 
flart Street; and Vicar of Edmonton, Middlesex-f-.** 

" History of some of the Effects of Hard-drinking. 
By J. C. Lettsom, M. D. F. R. S. and F. S. A.:|: 

of bis death, employed in preparing a new Catalogue of the 
Printed Bookfl 5 and had completed a Catalogue of the ancient 
charters in tL^ Museum, amounting to about 16,000. As an 
Index-maker his talents are well known by the Indexes he made 
for the Monthly Review, the Gentleman's Magazine, the British 
Critic, &c. and especially by a Verbal Index to Shakespeare, a 
work of prodigious labour. It remains to be added, that his 
knowledge of Topographical Antiquities was very considerable, 
and that perhaps no man, in so short a space of time, emei^^ing 
too from personal difficulties, and contending with many disad- 
vantages, ever acquired so much general knowledge, or knew 
how to apply it to more useful purposes. — ^The leading facts in 
this sketch (which has had the benefit of revisaland correction from 
Mr. Alexander Chalmers) were thiown out with affection, by the 
Editor of these Volumes, in the Gentleman's Magazine for De- 
cember 1S04, To that Miscellany he was a frequent contributor; 
and what he wrote was in a style which would not have discrOi* 
dited talents of which the world has a higher opinion. 

* " There being an immediate demand for an impression of 
the Spectator in this form, and two volumes of it having been 
printed some years ago vrith great accuracy, under the direction 
of a fVriter of distinguisJiediaste cmd talents ; the other six volumes 
have been suitably adapted to them on the same improved but 
contracted plan." Editor's Preface, — The distinguished person- 
age alluded to was the Rev. Dr. Percy, then Bishop of Dromore. 

f In this Pamphlet the learned Writer undertakes to account 
Jbr the differences between the Quotations made by the Evange- 
lists from the prophetic parts of the Old Testament^ and the ori- 
ginal passages. 

{ " This benevolent little treatise was originally printed to 
give away ; but the demands fot it becoming numerous, it is 
now published for the benefit of the Philantluropic Society, in-r 
stituted fur the prevention of crimes, and for a reform in the 
manners of the rising poor. The pi^>port of the publicatkm is^ 
to warn the readers of it against the pernicious effects of strong 
]iquors immoderately taken, and particularlj the extreme danger 
pf indulging m spirits/* Gent. Mag. vpU LlX. p- 445. 


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^' Reports of the Royal Humane Society* ; with 
Miscellaneous Observations on the Subject of Sus- 
pended Animation. For 1787, 1788, and 1789,'' 8vo. 

" The Antiquities of Athens -f-, measured and de- 
lipeated, by James Stuart, F. R. iS. and F. S. A. 
andNicholas Revett^ Painters and Architects. Vol. II. 

* The utility of such an Institution cannot receive a stronger 
exemplification^ than in the summary report from Liverpool, 
Inhere, in a year and a quarter, out of seventy cases, sixty-seven 
were recovered. 

t " The first volume of this accurate and elegant work ap« 
peared in 1762, twelve years after the publication of Proposals 
for this noble design, for which the undertakers had employed 
six or seven years at Rome, in the study of Painting. — ^The first 
▼(dume was to contain the antiquities belonging to the Acropolis j 
the second, those of the City ; and the third, those which lie dis- 
persed in dififierent parts of the Athenian territory. But this plan 
was altered in the Proposals repeated in 1755. The first volume 
ictoally contained what was before designed for the second, or 
itther four of the fire subjects — the General View of Athens, the 
Temple of the Winds, the Lantern of Demosthenes, and the Tem- 
ple of Jupiter Olympius — with the addition of two others, not 
then mentioned, a Temple on the Ilissus, and a Doric Portal. 
Mr. Stuart's advertisement, prefixed to this volume, declares his 
intentkm of completing the whole plan. We are sorry to observe 
BO traces of the others, or of those that were to have composed 
the third volume ; for the present is entirely confined to the 
Acropolis. We are not told to what unfortunate accident to as- 
cribe this deficiency, either in the Advertisement prefixed by the 
Author's Relict, or in the Introductton, drawn up probably by 
Mr. William Newton, of Greenwich, whom she engaged to su* 
perintend the publication. — ' Mr. Stuart, having been very infirm 
for some years before his death, left his papers in great cou- 
pon and disorder, many incomplete, and several missing. 
TTie first business, therefore, was, to discover the arrangement ) 
and, when that was obtained, recourse was had to the original 
sketch-books, and such authentic documents as could be found, 
in order to complete the examples that were unfinished, and to 
mpply those that were wanting. Where these authentic mate- 
nab have failed, the defidency has been left remaining, except 
that, instead of some of the Views which could not be foimd, 
ttbers, relative to the subject described, have been substituted. 
The work is very highly indebted to the liberality of the Society 
of Dilettanti^ who have been at the expence of engraving a great 
ntunber of the plates, from oii^nal drawings in their possession. 
Several of the Members of the Society have interested themselves 
WfoOk in promoting the publicat^n of this volume^ and have con- 


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A Second Volume ♦ of " Sermons on Different 
Subjects, left for Publication by John Taylor -^^^ 

tribiited to that end much of their time and knowlei^e. To 
them, therefore, it is in a great measure owing, that, on the 
author's death, the work was not entirely relinquished, and the 
honour and utility of so valuable a peiformance lust to the British 
Nation. Gent. Mag. LIX. p. 141.— The ThW and fourth Vo- 
lumes will be noticed hereaifter. 

* " Thb Volume, like the former [noticed in p. 38,} is com- 
monly understood to have been wi-itten by Dr. Johnson, and 
is not unworthy of his pen. If the Discourses are not in his best 
manner, they partake, in some instances, of that eoei^ of 
thought, and of that strength of language, which distinguish 
liis writings. Notwithstanding any exceptions which might be 
made against some of the political and theological tenets ad* 
vanced in them, they may be justly considered as a valuable ad- 
dition to the public stock of sei*mons." M. U. N. S, vol. L p. 352. 

t Dr. John Taj^lor was educated at Mr. Hunter's school at 
Lichfield, where he was a junior to the celebrated Johnson ; with 
whom he contracted an intimacy, which continued uninterrupted 
till the latter*s death. Johnson went first to Pembroke College, 
Oxford } where Taylor followed htm ; but was dissuaded by the 
former from entering into that College, by his representing to 
bim the dullness of his tutor, one Jordarh who, Johnson said^ 
'scarcely knew a Noun from an Adveib.* Taylor, therefore, 
went to Chiist Church, with a view to the study of the Law; 
but, entering into holy orders, was presented to the valuable 
Rectory of Market Bos worth in 1740, on the death of Mr. Beau- 
mont Dixie. [He was supposed, however, to have got that Uec- 
tory by purchase. Gisborne, the Banker of Derby, suspecting 
somewhat from the suins Taylor drew from him, marked some 
of the pieces -, which pi'esently came back> in part of the same 
sum, from the worthy Pati-on ^ who had reason afterwards for 
saying, * that a broken Attorney made a notable Parson.* He 
found that he had met with hb match.|| T,E'\ in 1749» he accu- 
mulated the degrees of B. and M.A.; and was installed a Prebendary 
of Westminster, July 11, 1745, on the resignation of the Rer. 
Dr. Laurence Broderick. By appointment fi*om the Dean and 
Chapter, he held also the Preachei'ship of the Chaj)ei in the Broad- 
way, Westminster, in. January 1748. He was besides many 
yeai's Chaplain to the Duke of Devonshire ; and, residing princi- 
pally at Ashbourne, was In the commission of the peace for the 
counties of Derby and I^icester. The Doctor married to his 
first wife a cou»in-german of the late Samuel Pipe, clerk (at 
Croxall, CO. Derby, <* Johannes Taylor generosus, de Ashboum 
in Alto Pecco" — April 9, 1732.) He married again to a 
lady of good fortune, whose name I recollect not ; hut ncTer 
had a qhUd^ at least that lived. — In 1752 he obtained the degrees 


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IX, D. &c. published by the Rev. Samuel Hayes *, 
A.M. late Senior Usher of Westminster SchooL To 

of B. and LL. D. as a grand compounder 5 and that year we find 
Johnson thus earnestly addressing him : " Dear Sir, Let me 
have your company and your instruction. Do not live away 
from me — my distress is great. Pray desire Mrs. Taylor to in- 
ibrm me what mourning 1 should buy for my Mother and Miss 

* The Rev. Samuel Hayes, bom 1749, was admitted in 17#S 
into the College at Westminster -, and soon after, in conjunction 
with another Gentleman, Mr. Robert Carr, wrote a Tragedy called 
" Eudosia," published in 1766, 8vq. In 1767 he was elected a 
Scholar of Trinity College, Cambridge; took the dcCTec of B. A. 
1771 ; M. A. 1774 ', and became Fellow of that noble Founda* 
tion. He was Usher of Westminster School from 1770 to 1788j 
Author of several of Seaton's Prize Ptoems, 1775, 6, 7, 8 5 1783, 
4, 5 ; and was undoubtedly the most ready at composition of any 
of l^ contemporaries. He died in 1796 ; and in 1797 were pub- 
lished " Sermons on diflferent Occasions, and on Practical Duties ; 
by the Rev. Samuel Hayes, A. M. formerly Usher of Westminster 
Sch0(^** 8vo. He left two sons ; one in the Navy, who is sinccv. 
dead ; the other is living with his unde Mr. Triphook. 
' '* The Volume would m itself seciu^ a fiivourable and respectM 
notice -, but to this we have a farther motive, were it less worthy 
than it is of our esteem, on account of the direct design of the 
publication, to afibrd some assistance to the author's family. We 
have, therefore, only to say that the Sermons, in number seven- 
teen, are rational and sensible; enforcing with a proper spirit and 
in a pleasing manner, important and usenil truths.'* M. Rev, N. 8, 
XXV. p. 349. — " Mr. Hayes was a man of merit and ingenuity; but 
bekniged, unfortunately fbr himself, to that class of ingenious men, 
whose talents seldom find the way to ease or affluence. Their efibrta 
are desultory, their application irregular 3 and their productions, 
through indolence and haste, too commonly unworthy of their 
natural powers. The traces of this character a sagacious Reader 
may possibly discover for himself, in the Sermons here pmounced, 
which have been collected for the benefit oi the Authbr*s Relict, 
and encouraged by the patronage of a few private and public 
friends. Sincerely wishing to promote the purposes of the pub* 
fication, we will neither attempt unreasonably to extol them, 
nor seek to point out fruits, which, if they may be traced in stu- 
dious perusal, would probably pass wholly unnoticed when the 
Sermons were delivered from the pulpit. They are such as an 
vmaS&ded Preacher might pronounce, and a plain congregation 
receive, with credit <ln the one hand, and edification on the 
other. The topics are common and practical. In the style ther^ 
is nothing peculiar or striking, nor any thing that requires to be 
placed b^re the Reader in passages selected from the rest. The 
Whole may be commended with propiiety, and perused vnth ac- 
irantage. MriHih CrUU, vol. XIL p. 310. 


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wbich is added^ a Sermon written by Samuel Johtt- 
son^ LL. D. for the Funeral of his Wife/' 8vo. 

Borter, and .bring: a note in writing with you. Remember me 
in your prayers j for vain b the help of man ! I am, dear Sir, &c. 
Samuel Johnson. March 18, 1752." 
Mr. Boswell thus characterizes Dr. Taylor, in a visit which he 
paid to him in March 1776, with his friend Dr. Johnson : " There 
camp for us an equipage properly suited to a wealthy well-bene- 
- §ced Clergyman j Dr. Taylor's large, roomy post-clraise, drawn 
by four stQut plump hoj*ses, and driven by two steady jolly po$til- 
lioQs, which conveyed us to Ashbourne ; where I found my 
. fiiead's schoollellow living upon an establishment perfectly cor- 
lesponding with liis substantial creditable equipage ; hi? house, 
garden, pleasure-grounds, table, in short every thing good, and 
no scantiness appearing. Dr. Taylor had a good estate of his 
9wn, and good preferment in the church. He was a diligent 
ji^tioe of the peaee ; and presided over the town of Ashbpurne, 
U> the inhabitants of which, I was told, he was very liberal -, and 
as a proof of this, it was mentioned to me, he had, the preceding 
'Winter, distributed 2001, among such of them as stood in need of 
his assistance. He had consequently a considerable political in- 
' terest in the county of Derby, which he employed to support the 
^Devonshire family; for, though the schoolfellow and imnd of 
Jphoaon, he was a Whig. I could not perceive in his character 
Jtnuch congeniality of any sort with that of Johnson > who> hon^ 
ever, said to me < Sir, he' has a very strong understanding/ His 
»ize, figure, countenance, and manner, were that of a hearty 
jEnglish Squire, with the Parson super-indi^^ ; and I tqok par- 
tkuiar notice of his upper servant, Mr. Peters, a decent grave 
Ifpan^ in .purple clothes, and a laige white wig, like the butler 
CHT mcffor domo of a Bishop. Dr. Johnson and Dr. Tayk^r laeit 
yrith great cordiality.'* (Life of Johnson, vol. II. p. 488.) 

On another yisii, in September 1 777> Johnson observed, ** that 
Taylor was a very sensible, acute man> and had a strong mind | 
that he had great activity in some respects, and yet such a sort 
of indolence, that if ypu should put a pebble ispon his chimney- 
piece, you would find it there, in the same state, a year after- 
Wirds."* (Ibid. vol. III. p. 151.) Mr. Boswell obsei-ves (p. 196)» 
*f J<^n$on and Taylor were so diSerent from each other, that I 
^vondered at their preserving an intimacy. Their having been 
at school and college together might, in some degree^ account 
tor this; but Sir Joshua Reynolds has furnished me with a 
stronger reason ; for Johnson mentioned to him, that he had 
been told by Taylor he was to be his heir. I shall not take ypoo 
ngte to animadvert upon this -, but certain k is, tha;t Johnson pai4 
great attention to Taylor. He now. liiawever, sQid to me, < Sir» 
1 love him i but I do not love him more ; my regard for Uiiai doe# 
aot increase. As It is said in the Apocrypha^ ' hit taUk ia ^ 6u(- 

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'^ A Dissertatloti on the Message from Johh the 


Baptist to our Saviour : St. Luke vii. 19. with Re- 

locks' (Eccl. xxxviii. ^5) : I do not suppose he Is very fond of mf 
cim^pany. His habits are by no means sufficiently derical 5 thm 
he kncms that I see ; and no tnan likes to live under the eye cf 
perpetud disi^jprobatlon/ I have no doubt that a good nnoy 
Sermons were composed for Taykir by Johnson. At this time I 
ibtiad upon his table a part of one which he had newly begun 
to write } and Qmc» pro Taploro appears in one of his Diaries,' 
When to these chrcnmstanccs we add the internal evidence^ from 
the power of thinking and style, in the collection which the Rev/ 
Mr. Hayes has published, with the signifiamt title of ' Sermons 
kftforfmbliaxtiah by the Rev. John Taylor, LL. D.* our conview 
tk>n will bfe complete. I, however, wonkl not have it thot^ht 
t^ Dr. Taylor, though he could not write Kke Johnson (as ii^ 
deed who co«ild ?}, did not sometimes compose Sermons as goo4 
a^ these which we generally have from very respeetable DivinesI 
He shewed me one with notes on the nuq^ in J(^iBson's hasad^ 
writing; and 1 was present when he read another to Johnson^ 
that he miglit have his opinioh ci it $ and Johnaon said it ym$ 
* very welL* These, we may be sure, were not Johnson's ; for he 
^ras Steve little arts, or tricks of deception.** April 12, 1784, Dr. 
JekoBon thus writes to Dr. Taylor : ''DearSir, Whatcanbelh^ 
reaMin that I hear nothing from you ? I hope nothing disabled 
you from writii^. What I have $een, and what I. have telt, gives 
me reason to fear every thing. I>o not omit giying me theeom- 
fort of knowing that, afler ail my losses, 1 haveyiet a ftiend lefb 
1 waat every comfort. My life is very solitary, and very cheer^ 
less. Though it has pleased God wonderfully to deliver me from 
the dro^y» I am yet very weak, and have not passed the door 
since the ISth of December. I hope for ftome help from warm 
weathar> which will surely come in time. I could not have the* 
consent of the physicians to go to church yesterday 4 I therefore 
noeived the hdy sacrament at home, in the room where I com" 
Uttmicated with dear Mrs. WiHiams a little before her death. 
! my ftietid, the approach of death is very dreadful ! I am 
afrAkl to think on that which I know I cannot avoid. It is vain 
to bdk roimd and round for that help which canaot be had — yet 
we bdpe and hope, and foncy that he who has lived to-day may 
five tO'^morrow. But let us learn to deriie oar hope onfy from 
Qod. In the mehn time, let us be kind to one another. I liavw 
no friend now livingi but you and Mr. Hector, that was the friend 
of my youth. Do not neglect, dear Sir, yours afifecttonatelyj 
Sam. JoiiKsoN ; London, Easter Monday** 
In the same month, on the dfeath of Dr. Thomm Wilson, Dr. 
Taylor was appointed Minister of St. Margaret's, Westminster ; 
and in a lejtter from Ashbourne, on the S6th of the following 
July^ Dr. Johnsoii says, "On the 80th I came hither^ and found 


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marks on the History of his Life and Mintstnr. 
Second Edition, with Alterations, and large Addi- 
tions. By Charles William Batt, A. M. Student 

a bouse half-built*, of very uucomfortabie ajqiearaiice j but 
my own room has not been alteTed. That a man worn with dis- 
eases, in his seventy-second or third year, should condemn part 
of his remaining life to pass among ruins and rubbish, and that 
no inconsiderable part, appears to me Tery strange. I know 
that your [Mr. BoswelFs] kindness makes you impatient to 
know the state of my health ; in which 1 cannot boast of much 
improvement. I came through the journey vfithout .mudi in- 
convenience 5 but when I attempt seU^motion, I find my Ieg» 
weak, and my breath very shcnrt. This day I have been much 
disordered. I4iave no company ; the Doctor [Taylor] is busy in 
his fields, and goes to bed at nine -, and his whole system is so 
different from mine, that we seem formed for difierent elements : 
I have, therefore, all my amusement to seek within my^dV* 
Dr. Johnson did not survive this letter quite five months ; and I 
was present in Westminster Abbey when Dr. Taylor performed 
the moumfid office of reading the foneral service over the remains 
of our highly-venerated instructor and friend. 

In 1787. Dr. Taylor published " A Letter to the late Dr. 
Johnson, on the subject c^ a Future State $'* which he thus de- 
dicated to the Duke oi Devonshire : " SWr inscribing the foUovr- 
ing Letter to your Grace, I shall make no apology, since justice 
^ requires you to protect what you have commanded to be pub- 
lished. How properly you may engage in the defence of others, 
who have so few &ults of your own to palliate or correct, 1 am 
afraid of declaring; lest, however I may be acquitted of flattery 
by the rest of the world, I should be suspected of it by your 
Grace, and forfeit that esteem which your discemmaoit will only 
suffisr you to pay to integrity and to truth." — In the Preface he 
says, ^' The Author of the following Letter, having heard that hit 
friend Dr. Johnson had said that he woukl prefer a state of tor- 
ment to that of annihilation, wuted upon the Doctor, and ixM 
him that such a declaration, coming from a persoti of his weight 
and character, might be productive of evil consequences. Ihr. 
Johnson desired him to arrange his thoughts on the subject. 
This request was complied with ; and the ailments then drawn 
up have, since the Doctor^s death, been enlarged, at the request of 
some particular friends, who saw and approved of them. — The 
Reader virill meet with a reference to the above in Dr. Strahan'a 
publication of Dr. Johnson's Prayers, where he says, At Ask' 
bourne, I hope to talk seriously with — ^-** 
The Letter was introduced by the following d^ant Somiet : 

♦ Inscription (by Dr. Johnson) on Dr. Taylor's house mt Ashbourne. 

** Stet domus bcc donee Testudo perambulet orbem^ 
£t donee fluctus ebibat Formiea marinos." 
This is false metre ; read, 

'* £bibat et donee fluctus Formiea marioos.** S* Paoci. 

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of Christ Church, Oxford, and Chaplam to the 

Right Honourable Lord Mai mesbury*," small 8vo. 

" Annales^ Eliae de Trickingham, Monachi Or- 

dinis Benedictini. Ex Bibliotheca Lamethan^. 

" To the Rev. Dr. Taylor, on his Letter to Dr. Johnson, 
stating the Proo& of the Chiistian Religion. 
" When doubts disturbed the dying Johnson's breast. 
From thee, his long-tried Friend, he sought for rest $ 
Thy clearer reason chas*d the clouds away. 
And on the senses p#nir'd the living ray : 
Hence taught, the path of faith he firmly trod> 
And died in full reliance on his God. 
But oh ! not here the blest effect should end. 
No ; let thy purpose to the world extend : 
Flash bright conviction cm a doubting age. 
And leave to latest times thy well-wrought page ^ 
Teach weaker minds the mighty truths to scan. 
Not more the Friend of Johnson, than of Mam. 

Bkoore Boothbt, jim.** 
Hewas remarkablefor having the finest breed of mikhcows inDer* 
byshire, or perhaps in England ; and sold one, some time before hit 
death, for 160 guineas, and a heifer for 70 guineas. Mr. Marshall 
aays, " In the Midland District, where the land is titheable, the 
tithe is seldom tsk&n in kind. I met with only one instance, Bos- 
vorth Field, by Dr. Taylor." He had frequeiUly talked of leaving 
his fortune to Johnson; and upon the Doctor's death, of be- 
queathing it to the Rev. Samuel Hayes, then Usher of Westmin- 
ster school ; and, as a proof of it, actually put his will into that 
gentleman's hands a litUe before he retired into Derbyshire : Mr. 
Hayes, having too much delicacy to inspect it in his presence, 
returned it. He afterwards made a new will, and left his whole 
fortune to a young gentleman in his own neighbourhood, of the 
name of Webster, who was then about 1^ or 14 years old. He 
died Feb. 99, 1788, worth about 12001. a year, besides per- 
sonalties to a very considerable amount. Mr. Hayes soon after 
published the " Sermons left for the Press.'* 

* The I'irst Edition appeared without the Author's name. Mr. 
Batt took the decree of M. A. in 1764. 

t The MS. of these Annals, transcribed from the Original at 
Lambeth, was presented to me by Dr. Ducarel -, and, having 
been submitted to the late very learned and venerable Dr. Pegge, 
was returned with the following Letter : 

*' Dear Sik, HWiington, April I7, 1788. 

'* Herewith I return your MS. of the 'Annals of Elias de Trick- 
ingham, which you were pleased to wish me to peruse, and to 
give my opinion upon. I have certainly kept the piece longer 
than a persmi of your womlerful dispatch can possibly like, or 
think there was any occi^ion for ; but the truth is, and I hope 
I may confide in your known candour to accept of the apology, 


•Digitized by VjOOQIC 


Epistola ad Joh^^nnem Nicholsiam, celeberrimum 
Typographum, praemittitur. In qui de Auctore et 
ejus opere fus^ agitur ; et necessariae insuper Adno- 

that^ though it be but a brief business. I could not till now find 
time to peruse it with that care and attention which evei^ in- 
junction of yours has a title to demand and exact from me. 
However, Sir, should ariy thing more be necessary than such 
a naked and abrupt excuse for the delay, I have to plead the 
short Annotations which accompany the MS. on its return home, 
and a brief Disquisition or two, which in this Epistle are in- 
tended to be prefixed to it (both which together I shall presume 
to call some little improvement) as a sufficient rejmration for 
my negligence, and my so long inattention to your commands.**. 
—Dr. Pegge then enters into an elaborate disquisition on the 
Author and his Annals ; which he thus concludes : * The few short 
Annotations I hKve written upon Klias are such, you will sup- 
pose, as have not cost me much pains ; and yet, I hope, they are 
at least worthy of your Author. The tendency of them is chiefly 
to correct and atnend your faulty Transcript* in many places^ 
and in others to illustrate the Author*s Text, so as to fycUitate 
the perusal of him. These are the two points which I meant 
above, when I spoke of sending back yftur MS. with some littie 
improvement. And therefbre all that I shall need to aay further' 
on this head is, that care hss always been taken in the Note^ 
to specify chapter and ve«e, as they express it, in order to 
enable those who may choose to Condpafe the resp^tiv^ Authors 
quoted to do it with ease and pleasure, at at least with as Htde 
trouble and fieiHgue as posHl^. A young Apothecary f, I bear, 
has taken a difrerent track, by referring only to his Authors at 
laarge, or incorporating their words with his text ; a method 
surely too presumptuous and assuming, as it imposes his own 
conception of the Author's words upon the Reader, debars him 
ftoto we^hing arid considering the context of the Author quoted, 
imd in eS^st excludes all examination of passaged that may hap- 
pen to be of dubious interpretation, by msdcing it so difficult 
and tedious to find and consult them. A Reviewer X, I observe, 
has reprobated this mode of writing on antiquarian subjects ; 
and the censure appears so just and reasonable, that one would 
wish it not to be made a precedent. 

*' There seon to be two ways of printing this piece ; one 
Is, to omit all the years of our Lord which are blank, and 
have no point of History annexed to them 5 which will cer- 
tainly bring the volume into less compass, and, in the event, 

* " These Fiuilts, however, mny not be aHognktber iikiputable to i\4 
Scribe ; lioce it is observed that those anlient Authors, of whom only 
one MS. is remaininf^, as Hesychius, Minucius Felix, &e. ace ceneraU^ 
full of errors and mistakes." 

t Mr. lUtttaU*! History of SouUmtll, 178?. J Gent Ma^. LVII. W. 


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tatiuncuIseadjunguQtur. Sabnectitur Compendium 
Compertorum, per Tho. Legh et Ric. Layton, Vi- 
sitatores Regios * ; ex Bibliotnec& Ducis Devoniae^. 
Unit cum Anteloquio de natura Operis, & Vitas 
Visitatoram complectente. Notulae hinc inde in- 
sperss SQDt Utrumque Opusculum ex MSS. nunc 

Simiim edidit Samuel Pegge^ A. M. Londini^ ex 
fficina Nicholsiana." 8vo. 

*^ Miscellanies, Philosophical, Medical, and 
MoraL By Thomas Christie |.** 

" An Historical Developement of the present 
Political Constitution of the Germanic Empire. , 
By John Stephen Ptitter^, Privy Counsellor of Jus- 
prove of no great disadvantage to the Reader. The other is, 
to retain all the years, blank or otherwise, as they stand in the 
margin of your Transcript, and as the Author probably wrote : 
for I cannot help being of opinion, that Elias intended, as mat- 
ten occurred to him in his reading, to insert them in their 
proper phu^ ; and so by degrees to fill many of his blanks. 
Thm appears to be some evidence of such his intention, A. 994, 
where we meet with this very imperfect entry, magna tempettat 

m This mode of printing will doubtless require an ad- 

didonal quantity of paper ; but as it seems to be the most con- 
formable to the Author's d^ign, I should think it the most eli- 
gible ||. But I leave it to your better judgment." 

* ''On the First Leaf is written : * The Original! of this Booke 
remayneth of Record in the Kinges Majesties Theasaurie of the 
Court of Receipt at Westminster, under the custodie of the Lord 
Thieasarer, and of the twoe Chamberlains.'* 

t *' Prsnobili Viro Guliblmo Dbvonia Duci 
authenticum hocce et insigne 
seculi penultimi monumentum 
qukm humilKm^ inscribitiu* ; 
k quo nt, quft impertivit M*scriptum comitate, 
e{i jam nunc e prelo emissum dignaretur accipere, 
uni^m hoc eflBagitat 
Editor illi addictissimus, Samuel Pbggb/' 
} Of whom see hereafter, in '< Essays and Illustrations." 
§ " The Author of the Work before us is considered by the 
Protestant Princes of Germany as their oracle. At the election 
of the late Emperor he was consulted, as the guardian of their 
rights, on several important points relative to the Capitulation ; 
snd we are informed by the public news-papers, that he is ap- 
pointed by his M%|esty to attend the Hano\'erian embassy, on 
B It was aceordinffly adop|e(L 
Vol. IX. F tbs 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


tioe, Ordinary ProiSessor of Laws in tlie Univeraity 
of Gottingen, Member of the Adtdemy of Scienoes 
at Berlin, &c.* Translated from the Gierman, with 
Notes, and a Comparative View of the Revenues^ 
Population, Forces^ &c. of the respective Territo- 
ries, from the Statistical Tables lately published at 
Berlin. By Josiah Domford -f, of lincoln^s Inn^ 

tiie present oocasiony to Frankfort His knowledge of tlM Con* 
stitution of the Empire, and the method he has adopted in the 
explanation of it^ justly entitle him to the praise he has acquired 
abroad^ if we may judge by the Foreign Reviews ; and it is with 
some satisfaction that we announce the appearance of a TVans- 
ladon of the best Work on so interesting and difficult a subject. 
•^The Translator has prefixed a PrefiM;e» in which he oranptains 
of the indifiercnce generally discovered by the English to a know* 
ledge of the interior history and political r^ulations of fereiga 
countries. We have seldom seen so laborious a work in the Ger- 
man language more deserving a Translation, or a.TranslatkNk 
executed with more fidelity.— ft was originally written by desire 
of her Majesty, to whom the Translation is dedicated by per* 
mission/* GetU. Mag. Vol. LX. p. 8<21 . 

* " The performance before us is a work of Science, coio- 
posed by a man who has dedicated the greatest part of his life 
to the subject which he treats ; and it is written in the Gcr- 
man language, which, however undeservedly, receives but little 
attention in this country. Although the second and third vo- 
lumes of this valuaUe work will, p^aps, soon make their ap* 
pearance, we were unwilling to dday giving some account of 
the vohmie already published, which is entitled to distinction 
tsom the mob of translations.'* — ^ In our account of the first 
volume of this work, we expressed our earnest desire oi seeing 
the continuation. That desire is now gratified, and our expec- 
tations are fully answered. The seccmd and third volumes, now 
before us, accompanied with many valuable additions by the 
Translator, complete M. Fiitter*s Developement of the Germanic 
constitution, and render the English performanee consida*ably 
more useful than the original, which has long been ecMisidered 
as the best book on the political law of Germany.** 

M. Rev. N. S. IL 265 ; JF. L42. 

f This learned and promising young man was son of Joeiab 
^Domford, Esq. a well-known and usefol Member of the Corpo- 
ration of London, and an active Magistrate for the County of 
Kent. He was of Trinity College, Oxford 3 M. A. them 1799; 
and afterwards LL. D. of the University of Gottingen ; and a 
Barrister at Law. He published the above Translation with 
a view to acquire a knowledge of the language, history, aad po- 
litical constitution, of GermiEmy. The subject was highly inter- 
esting; and he was led on, by one circumstance and another, to 


Digitized by 



hh. D. of the University of Gottingen, and late of 
Trinity College, Oxford." In Three Volumes, 8vo, 
" "olusiones nonnullae Acaderaicae, nomine 
Uaiversitatis Georgiae-Augusta Gottingensis scripts 
i C. G. Heyne; nunc primiim uno volumine 
editae*." 8vo. 

" Remark8+ on the late Edition of the Tatler, with 
Notes, in six Volumes. By Sir David Dalrymple. 
Lord Hailesj.'* J' F-t 

commit his labours to the press. Shielded by such a name as that 
of Britain*sQueen, he ventured to produce his earliest pubfication. 
He was appointed one of the Commissioners in Lord Moira's 
Army j and in November 1796 Inspector-General of the Army 
Accompts in the' Leeward Islands. To the extensive attain- 
ments of a scholar, he added the suavity and elegant manners of 
agentkman. His heart, which glowed with benevolence, never 
fck the influence of one contracted or illiberal sentiment. His 
urbanity, which distinguished him on every occasion, was the ns 
suit of an early and uninterrupted attachment to persons whose 
rank gives lustre to their friendship, and whose virtues ctignify it 
His pniiis, which was emulous and inquisitive, whilst it opened 
to htt mind the sources of Science, placed in his hand the pahn of 
literature. He died at Martinicjue, at the early age of 34, 
July 1, 1797- To his country he was an ornament; to his 
friends his loss was irreparable. 

* This little volume was edited by Dr. Domfbrd, '' Auspidb 
Eraesti-Augusti, Augusti-Frederici, Adolphi-Frederici, M. Bri- 
ton. Regis Aug. Sobolis faustitfs. Juvent. Princip. 5" and in the 
ftefece, dated Nov. 13, 1789, Mr. Heyne pays some handsome 
compliments to two l^uiaed youths 5 ♦• nostrae oUm discipUnsa 
magnftsulL cum laude alumnb, nostrarumque seque ac patriarum 
nmm gnaris } judicii itaque eequitate usuros esse speramus et 
•lioB firitannos, si qui fbrt^ sui tantum moris intelligentiam et 
JTOb habebunt.'* These, a note informs us, were'^Josias 
I^onoford, qui in Academift nostrft summos in jure honores conse- 
qtiutusest i et AlexanderCraufurd, alumnus olim Ptedagogii IWe- 
fattbiinmontibusHercyniiSy inde Academis nostra Gottin^nsis.** 

t These excellent Remarks, originally addressed by Lord Halles 
to Mr. Nichob, were, by permission of the learned Writer, 
pwserved in the Gentleman's Magazme, for 1790, vol. LX. pp. 
679, 793, 90«, 999, 1073, 1163.-.In 1791, vol. LXI. p. 399, 
is also a critique, by Lord Hailes, on the fiamous Miniature of 
Milton in the possession of Sir Joshua Reynolds, which pro- 
duced from the pen of our English Raphael a vindication of it in 
tbesame volume, p. 603 ; and a reply from Lord Hailes in p. 886. 

t Dr. Kippia, in a Prefece to the " Biographia Britannica," 
acknowledges frequent and great obligations to Lord Hailes ; 

p9 and 

■Digitized by CjOOQIC 


'* Illustrations of Euripides, on the Alcestis*, By 
R. P. Jodrell, Esq. F. R. S." 8vo. 

" Epigrams, translated into English Verse from 
the Origmal Greek, and selected from the Compi- 
lation of Rich. Fr. Phil. Brunck, published at Stras- 
burg, A. D. ITTSt** 


and see an accurate and ample account of his Life and Writings 
in Mr. Chalmers's " Bio^aphical Dictionary," vol. XI. 

The following Letter to Dr. Lort I print from the original: 
"Reverend Sir, Edinburgh, Dec. 14, 17651 

" Your friend Colonel Rickson informs me, that you are pleased 
to favour my attempts for illustrating the cliaracter of the last 
age from original papers, and that you are posscBsed of samm 
MSS. relative to my plan. Thb has encouraged me to trouble 
you with these lines, entreating the &vor of your correspondence 
and assistance. You may be assured that my Collections, already 
pretty large, are not made in the spirit of party; and that as I 
am often obliged to shew men of different sects and factions in 
an unfavourable light, so I am always willing to lay hold of the 
opportimity of shewing them in colours more agreeable to huma* 
nity. I have procur^ a new type, cast by Mr. Wilson of Glas* 
gow, of which I enclose you a specimen : if I live, and have 
leisure, there will be many volumes published in that ty\ie ; and 
in such a Work I shall be proud to acknowledge your benelac- 
tions, being. Reverend Sir, your most obedient humbb servant, 

David Dalrymple.*' 

* "To the opinion we formerlygave of Mr. Jodrell's illustrations 
of two other pieces of £uripides, the Ion and Bacchse (see voL 
Vin. p. I()2), we can only add, that the present is an additional 
proof of the Writer's learning and reading, and an almost cum* 
plete view of the system of Funerals, if we may so call it, 
among the Antients." Gent. Mag. vol. LX. p. 547. 

t Both the design and execution of this httle work are com- 
mendable. The Translator was a learned and respectable Gra- 
duate of New College, Oxford ; who had previously distingubhed 
himself by a Translation of the beautiful Greek Monostiophics of 
the present Bbhop of Gloucester (see vol. VI] I. p. 15S.) 

X ** Theophrastus,** being intended as a companion to *' Ca- 
tullus'* (see p. 49), was printed in a small quarto, on a fine 
bold type, and without accents. Upon this last particularity 
Count Reviczky remonstrated with his friend the CbainbeHain ; 
who facetiously replied, 'that he would willingly be at the expence 
of printing a single copy with accents for the Count, if he would 
be at the pains of finding a person who would first make and 
afterwards correct them.' — It may be observed, that this is the 
only complete edition of Theophrastus ; for Mr. Wilkes has added 
. the two chapters found in the Vatican, and edited separately by 


Digitized by 



Johannes Wilkes*, Anglus^ recensnit.' Londtni^ 
Typis Johannis Nichols.** 

" Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica, No. LI ; 
containing Collections towards the History and An* 
tiquities of the County of Leicester-f*. By John 
Nichols, F. S. A. Edinb. and Perth," 2 vols. 4to. 

John Christopher Aroadutios. There are no Notes, nor any 
IntruductioQ ; but, at the conclusion of the volume, an extract 
firom Breyere informs us what opinion he at least entertained 
of the original Author. " I enclose you, says the Cham* 
beriain to his Printer, a page for Theophrastus, which is to com* 
mence after the 28th Chapter, as I have nnarked it, and another . 
separate page to conclude the volume. Courage, Sir; I »ee 
(and.**— Of thb Voliune only 120 copies were printed , and four 
na vellum, one of which was presented to Count Revicsky -, a se- 
cond to Earl Spenc^ ; one is now in the possesion of my friend 
Blr. Bindley (who bought it at an auction of Messrs. Leigh aud 
Sotbeby). The destination of the fourth 1 do nbt recollect. 

* 'There are few men whose character will be mora 
tstonishing to posterity than the Editor of this beautiful 
little volume. Bom to the possession of the moderate fortune 
of a younger brother ,- educated with no very superior advan- 
tages ; by the natural force of genius, and an affection for po» 
lite literature, we find Mr. Wilkes, at a very eigrly age, the fa- 
vourite, companion of Patrician Wits, and the delight of every 
gay and £aushionable circle. Scarcely arrived at numbood^ he 
was driven, by a fortuitous coincidence of events, into the most 
tremendous storm of politicks, whence none but a mind finn as 
bis own could ever have emeiged. After shewing that he was 
better skilled in legal lore than the greatest Law Luminaries of 
tbe present age, he became an outlaw, and a man of indigence. 
Yet, even thus depressed, he rose superior to adversity ; ol>«> 
taiaed a reversal of his outlawry ; and was rewarded by his grate- 
ful fellow-citizens with tbe highest civic honoui's. In niaturer 
age, we see him continuing to cultivate the Muses ; and uniting 
the truest oiium cum dignitale under the shade of hU vine and 
bis fig-tree J and long may he continue to enjoy this rational 
delight !" GenL Mag. vol, LX. p. 1013. 

t "The Editor, in his Advertisement, renews an observation 
which lie had before made, that tbe only merit to which be can 
^pire, as to this part of his great work, is that of assiduity and 
good intention. These Collections, he adds, bear the appear- 
wce of a common-place book, connected, however, by an index; 
which, it is hoped, the Reader will consult, before he determines 
^ any parish, which he may wish to examine, is actually defi- 
cient. It is his intention, if health and ability continue, to pub- 
^f from these and other materials, a much more complete 



by Google 


No. LII. (the concluding Number) of the *^ Bib* 
liotheca Topographica Britannica *.** 

^ork of the kind $ for assistance ia which> he earnestly aolidta 
his literary friends, particularly that of the Nobilitj, Clergy, 
and Gentlemen, of the County ; and at the same time he hand- 
somely acknowledges that aid which has been ali^eady communi- 
cated." M. Rev, N, S, V. 165. 

* " This Number consists of nine or ten articles, chiefly relative 
to subjects which have already fallen under notice in the course 
of the work. — In the Account of ' the Expences of the funeral erf 
John Dudlie, Esquier, who was buried at Newin^ton the 17th 
dale of Januarie, 1581/ among other articles, the following 2b 
somewhat diverting : 'To a poore man that made an epitaphe, lOe.' 
There is a farther article not particularly specified in the list of 
contents. The Editor terms it, however^ ' A Second Appendix to 
ffii. Mores* History of Tunstall, Kent ;* imd we ought to add, thact 
herein he discovers candour and honour $ for this long letter (con- 
stituting fifteen or sixteen pages) is very severe, and as it should 
seem^ with some justice^ on one part of his work. * The puhHsh- 
ing it literally as it v^as received, (it is added in a note) is the direst 
proof of our impartiality.' It is addressed to the Printer by Mr. 
Banister ; it is vmtten with humour and smartness ; and it dis- 
covers much good sense, while it virarmly compluns of an iitrtdimif 
libel on the memory of one of his ancestors long since numbered 
among the dead« Whether the charge adduced against Mr. Mores 
is Just or not, as probably it is in great part at leasts the Letter 
affords very useful hints, which deserve attention from aH persons 
who engage in this branch of Literature. — ^The BMioiheca Topo- 
graphtca Britannica is now brought to a conclusion. The wotic 
constitutes eight quarto volumes, accompanied by more than three 
hundred plates ; the different articles of which they consist having 
been carefully paged in such a manner, that they might follow 
each other with regularity in their suitable classes.— ^Ihe Pub- 
lisher expresses grateftil acknowledgments for the candour with 
which the work, he says, has been uniformly received. He re- 
flects with satisfaction how much his undertaking has been faci- 
litated by the communications of Antiquaries whose assistance 
would confer honour on any publication. One Friend he thinks 
it would be unpardonable not to mention. ' On the subject of To- 
ppgraphy,* he adds, ' it is a name of peculiar eminence. Not 
only the original suggestion of the plan was from Bilr. Gough ; 
but the most unremitting and dbinterested assistance has been 
received through the whole progress of this extensive undertaking. 
To him is the Reader indebted, if any thing agreeable or use- 
ftil be found in these volumes.' — ^Though the Editor, however, 
thinks it proper that, in a work of such magnitude, which has 
not hitherto been confined to time or price, some pause should 
be made ) he does not relinquish itj without affording the pro- 

Digitized by 



*' An Inquiry into the History of Scotland prece- 
ding the Reign of Malcolm III. or the Year IO56. 
IncTuding the authentic History of that Period. By 
John Pinkerton.^ 2 Vols. 8vo. 

9pect of resuming something of a similar kind The Bibliatheca 
is closed ; yet ' he is not/ we are told, ' without hope of address* 
ing the purchasers again in a future work on the subject of Bri- 
iUh JfUiquUie^ which may be printed in uniformity with the 
present, but under a title that shall make it entirely distinct.' 
We mu8t> therefore, for a season, take our leave of Mr. Nichols 
and this laborious imdertaking. He has been long aagaged in 
contributing to the public information and amusement, in an 
innooeiit and laudable way ; and possibly without reining any 
considerable pecuniary benefit He has assuredly the merit of 
great industry and attention in the execution of his plan, and 
nas spared no expence for rendering it exact and omamentaL 
The volumes now finished have the credit of selecting and pre* 
serving memorials of dififerent kinds, which might otherwise 
iiave been greatly obliterated, or wholly lost 5 and they are 
likely to prove useful co-acQutors to any persons who may here* 
after ei^rage in similar researches.** M, Rev, N. S. F. 169-^179. 
The Work was some time after recommenced, under the title 
of *' fifisoellaneous Antiquities, in Continuation of the Bibliothcca 
Topographica Britannica }'* of which only Six Numbers were 
publi^ied. A few other Topographical Works, however, w«re 
printed in the same size and form ; and the whole (when by any 
chance they are purchased) ma^ be conveniently thus Kmuig&Ai 

Vol. I. Part I. ANTiauiTiBs in Kent and Sussex. 

No. I. Rowe-Mores's History of TUnstall. 

6. Thorpe's Kent -, Two Varts. . 

18 1 
• >Reculver, Heme, and MayfieM. 

^ \ Canterbury ; and Saint Radigund. 

S3. Douglas's Dissertation on Celts. 
35. Peggeon theTextusRoflfensis; on the Elstobs ; &c. 
Vol. I. Part II. ANTiauixiss in Kbht. 

Ifistory of Hawkherst, by Jennings. 

Parsons's Monuments in Kent. 

Cozens*s Tour through Thanet, &c. 

Vol. II. Part I. Antiauitibs in Middlbskx. 
No. 5. DucareFs History of St. Katharine's. 

.^' V Brown*s History of Stoke Newingtoh. 

49. Nichols's History of Canonbury. 
Ironside's History of Twickenham* 
List of the Society of Antiquaries. 
Nelson's History of Islington. 


Digitized by 


7f LmRART ANECDOTES [l79<>f 

'^ The History and Antiquities of the Parish of 
Tottenham High-Cross, in the County of Middle- 
sex. Collected from authentic Recorcls. With an 
Appendix^ containing the Account of the said Town^ 
drawn up by the Right Honourable Heniy last 
Lord Colerane^ printed from the original MS. in 

' Vol. II. Part II. ANTiauiriBs in Surrey. 

No. 97, DucareFs Histoiy of Lambeth Palace. 
39. Nichols's History of Lambeth Parish. 

Denne's Addenda to Ducarel and Nichols. 
12. Ducarers History of Croydon. 
46. Nichols's Appendix to History of Croydon. 

Denne's List of Archiepiscopal Manerial Houses, &c. &c. 
Vol. III. ANTiauiTiEs in Lincolnshire. 
No. 20. Gough's Account of the Gentlemen*8 Society at Spaldinjp. 
2. Reliquiae Galeanse ; Three Parts. 
11. Cough's History of Croyland Abbey. 
22. Essex's Appendix to Croyland. 

Gough's Se<;ond Appendix to Croyland. 

Vol. rV. Part I. ANTiauiTiss in Berkshire, Bedford* 
' shire, Derbyshire, and Northamptonshirb. 

No. IS. Rowe-Mores's Account of Great Coxwell. 

Ig, > Collections for Berkshire. 

8, 26' Collections for Puddington, Luton, Dunstable, &c. 
29. Cooper's Account of Wimmingtoiu 

44. .^ ', OdeU, 

Gough's Description of the Bedford MLssal^ 
40. History of Fotheringay, Northamptonshire. 
Gibson's Comment on Antoninus j and 
Gough's History of Castor, Marham, &c. 

Vol. IV. Part H. Warwickshire, Staffordshirb, &c. 
No. 17. Extracts from the Black Book of Warwick. 
' Pegge's Memoir of Guy Earl of Warwick. 

Sir T. More on a Religious Frenzy at Coventry. 
Bartktt's 09antiue00etmint or Hbtory of Manceter. 
Beauchamp Chapel at Warwick, by Gougb. 
21. Pegge's Account of Eccleshall Manor and Castle; ancl 
of Lichfield House, London. 
Sanders's History of Shenstone, Staffordshire. 
32. Pegge's and Rooke's History of Bolsover and PeakCasdea^ 
24. Pegge on Roman Roads through the Coritani. 
Blore's History of Winfield Manor, Derbyshire. 

Vol.. V. Part I. ANTiauiTiss in St7FP0LK, Cambridge, &c. 
38. History of Barnwell Abbey and Stourbridge Fair. 
23. Sir John Cullum's History of Hawsted and Hardwick« 
52. History of Elmeswell and Campsey Ash. 
Martin's History of Thetford, Norfolk. 


Digitized by 



the Bodleian Library at Oxford. By H. G* Old- 
field, and R. R. Dyson/' 12mo. 

" A Sermon preached at St. Dunstan's in the We«t^ 
on Sunday, March 28, 1790, for the Benefit of the 
Royal Humane Society. By the Rev. Joseph Hol- 
denPott*, M. A. Prebendary of Lincoln, and Arch- 
deacon of St. Alban*8.^ 

Vol. V. Pabt II. Yoekshiib, Scotland^ ahd Wals«. 
Wests Antiquities of Fumess. 
No. 3. Orem*8 Historv of Old Aberdeen. 

47. Martins History of St. Rules Chapel. 

36. Earl of Buchan on Roman Army in Scotland} and 
Jameson on Roman Camps of JBattle Dykes, iic. 

37. Gifibrd's Description of the Zetland Islands. 
10. History of Holyhead. 

Vol. VI. BioG£APHiCAL avd M18CBLLANBOUS Antiauitixs. 

I g \ Gough*s Blemoirs of Sir John Hawkwood. 

15. Extracts from Sir Simonds D*£wes's JournaL 

31. Goagh*s Memoirs of the Cromwell Family. 

35. Abp. Sharpe on English Coinage. 

84. Bingham's Memoirs of Rev. John Hutchins. 

23. Lewis, Pegge, and Wharton, on Sufiragan Bbhopi. 

41 . Pegge*8 SyJloge of Inscriptions on Churches. 

48. Th0rkelin*s Fragments of English and Irish History. 
Vol. VII. Antiauities in Leice8tebshi££. 

No. 7. Nichols's History of Hinckley, Stoke, &c. 

43. ■■ • Aston Flamviie, Bai*bach» &c. 

50. — — — Collections for the Town and.County. 
Vol. VIII. ANTiauiTiBs in LEiCESTsasHiRB continued. 
Ko. 51. Additional Collections for the Town and County. 

* Son of the. very eminent Surgeon noticed in vol. VIII. p. 425. 
He was educated first at l£ton; and afterwards at St. John*s Colleget 
Cambridge; B. A. 17S0; M. A. 17B3J Rector of St. Oiave, Old 
Jewry» and St. Martin, Ironmonger Lane, 17S7 ; Prebendary of 
Lincoln, 178 . .; Archdeacon of St. Albans, 17S9. In 1797 he 
resigned his City Livings, on being presented to the Rectory of 
little Bursted in Essex ; and in iS06 became Rector of Northall^ 
Middlesex; Rector of St. Martin-in-the- Fields, 1813 ; Archdea- 
con of London, 1814. Whilst a boy at Eton, he publbhed a 
Poem in two Cantos, the title of which I am not able to ascer- 
tain ; and afterwards, in 1779, an octavo volume of ** Poems/ 
consisting of Odes, Elegies, &c. ; and in 1782, an octavo volume 
ot'*Ek^e8,** with '* i^mane, a Tragedy.'* These, though ju- 
Tenile performances, are by no means discreditable to his repu- 
tation. His next publications were, '' An Essay on Landscape 
P^ting, D^ith Remarks^ General and Critical, on the dififerenC 
ScIkwJs^ Wd Masters, Antient aod Moden^ 1783/' am. 8vo. 
I and 



Digitized by 



*^ An Account of the Parish of Fairford, in the 
County of Gloucester ; with a Description of the 
Stained Glass in the Windows of the Church, En- 
gravings of antientMonuments, with Inscripticms*.'* 

and ** The Tour of Valentine, 1786," snail 8vo. (reprinted ia 
1796) 'f an interesting and instructive little work, friendly to 
Tirtue> and giving ri^e to just and useldl reflections and conver- 
sations on subjects of the greatest importance. But it is in hi» 
professional ca))acity that Mr. Pott has more peeuliarly diatin- 
goisbed himself. His Primary Chai^ was delivered to the Clergy 
of the Archdeaconry of St. Alban's, May 7> 1?89 5 and was fol- 
lowed by others, in 1791, 1792, 1796, 1797, 1800, 1805, 1808, 
1809, 1812. — ^Tbe good Archdeacon has also published the Ser- 
mon for the Humane Society, 1790, which occasions this Note; 
** Three Sermons for the Festivals and Fasts of the Church of 
England, 1790," 8vo; ''Elementary Discourses; designed for 
the use of a young Person after Confirmation, 1792,** 12aM> ; 
'* A Sermon preacl^ before the Rev. the Archdeacon and Clergy 
of the Archdeaconry of London, at the Visitation held in the 
Plwrish Church of Chiist Church, April 27, 1793," 4ta. 
** A Discourse on the Lord's Day, or Christian Sabbath ; in 
which the Points of Doctrine on this great sul^t, and the 
correspondent Line of Practice, are briefly and distinctly stated; 
publbhed in Addition to Three Sermons on the Festivals and 
Fasts of the Church of England, 1794," 8vo. " A Smnon 
preached at St. Paul's, June 5, 1794, being the Time of the 
Yearly Meeting of the Charity Schools, &c.'* 4to. " The Pat- 
tern of Christian Prudence and Discretion, urged against hurtful 
and fantastic Schemes of Life, 1800," 4to. " Cbncio ad Cierum 
Provinciee Cantuariensb, in JEde Paulin&, Kal. Novemb. habita» 
1803.*' '' Considerations on the genera) Conditions of the Chris- 
tian Covenant, with a View to some important Controversies, 
1805,** 8vo. <* Strictures on a Visitation Sermon, preached at 
Danbury in Essex, July 6, 1806,*' 8vo. I8O7. There masterij 
** Strictures," though anonymous, were generally ascribed to 
Archdeacon Pott -, who probably considei'ed it more ddicate ta 
withhold his name, as the obnoxious Sermon was not preached 
within his Archdeaconry. '' Remarks on two Piurticulars in a Re- 
futation of Calvinism, /tc. by a Friend to the Principles of 
that Work, 1811,** 8vo. *' A Sermon on the Love of our Coun- 
try, preached in the Parish Church of St. Martin-in-tbe-Flelds, 
on Thursday, Jan. 13, 1814, being the day appointed for a 
General Thanksgiving,** 4to. " A Sermon on the Restoratioa 
of Peace j preached in the Pansh Church of St. Martia-in-tlie» 
Fields, on Thursday, July 7, 1814 ; being the day appointed fbr 
a Cseneral Thanksgiving ; printed by Request, 1814,** 4ta 

* For the accommodation of those to whom it might not 
be convenient to purchase the GlouoestershiFe CoMeeticn^- 
Mr. JB%land reprinted the whde of the very curious perish of 


Digitized by 


1790^2 ^^ '™® EIGHTEENTH CEKTURT. 7$ 

^* De Morbis quibusdam Commentarii. Auctore 
Clifton Wintringham*, Baronetto, M. D. Colleg. 
Medic. Londinens. et Parisiens. Socio, Societotit 
Rc^aeSodali^ Exercitus Britannici Medico Primario^ 
et Medico Regio. Tom. II. f " 8vo. 

" The Botanic Garden ; a Poem, in Two Parts. 
Part I. containing The Economy of Fegetation^^ by 
Erasmus Darwin^, M. D.** 4to. 

Fairford, remarkable for the variety and excellence of its painted 
glas^, in a small quarto pamphlet> containing a beautifol view 
of th« church, and sevenJ of the monumental bfaases. 

* In addition to what has b^n transcribed in voL II. p. 34^ 
it may be observed that Dr. Clilfton Wintringham the son was 
h%hted, and on 97 October 1774 created a Baronet, being 
then of Dover-street, in the parish of St Geoige, Hanover- 
square ; with remainder to Jarvis Clifton, esq. second son of 
Sir Jarvis Clifton, hart, of Clifton, Nottinghamshire. The 
limitation, however, 1 suppose, was unavailing, as his title 
seems to have died with him. — In the Library at THnity College, 
Ounbridge^ is a small marble image of Esculapius, found at 
8aime, near a river called Speculum Diana, 14 miles from Rome, 
and this inscription on paper on thepedestal: 
'' £ffigiem banc in Trin. ColL 

Cantab, post mortem 
recipi vohiit Cliftonus Win- 
tringham, Bt. M.D. 
cigus ut in hoc quam in aliis expkantur 
vota curavit curabitque 
Anna Wintringham.** 

t " The first volume of this work was printed in 178^ (see 
vol U. p.34 i III. 144, 503.) Thesecond, whichis now presented 
to the Publick, contains a successive course of observations on ^ 
a great variety of diseases, in which the excellent Author has dis- 
pkyed a philosophical discernment, and an intimate knowledge, 
of the human constitution in all its parts, and und^all its infir- 
mities. The style in which these Commentaries are written is 
^ear, easy, unafiected Latinity.** QetU. Mag. vol. LXI.p. 156. 

; This, though the First Part, had been, for reasons as- 
signed in the Preface, preceded by The Lavet of the Plants. 

i " A native of Elton, in Nottinghamshire, where he was bom 
Dec. 12, 1731. After going with credit, through the usual school 
education under the Rev. Mr. Burrows, at the Grammar-school 
at Chesterfield, he was sent to St. John's College, Cambridge $ 
where he continued only till 1755, when, having the degree of 
M. B. he went to Edinburgh, to complete his studies > which 
being finished, and having taken the degree of M. D he went to 
lichfield, and there commenced his career of practice. Being 


Digitized by 



'* The Town Talk, Fish Pool, Plebeian, Old 
\Vhig, Spinster, &c. By Sir Richard Steele. Il- 
lustrated with Notes, by John Nichols.'* 8vo. 

sent for, soon after ftis arrival, to Mr. Inglis, a gentleman of 
considerable fortune in the neighbourhood, who was ill with 
fever, and in so dangerous a state that the attending Physician 
had given up the case as ho{)eless, the Doctor had the good for- 
tune to restore him to health. This gave him so high a d^ree 
of reputation at Lichfield, and in the neighbouring towns and 
villages, that his competitor, who was before in considerable 
practice, finding himself neglected, and nearly deserted, left the 
place. Dr. Darwin soon after married the daughter of Mr. 
Howard, a respectable inhabitant of IJ^chtield, and had three 
sons, who lived to the age of manhood j two of them he sur- 
vived 5 the third, Dr. Robert Waring Darwin, b now in consi- 
derable practice as a Physician at Shrewsbury. In 1781, having 
married a second wife. Dr. Darwin removed to Derby, where he 
continued to reside till his death, which happened April 18, 
1802, in his 70th year. Six children by the second wife, with 
their mother, survived him. The Doctor was of ah athletic 
make, much pitted with the small-pox. He stammered much 
in his speech. He had enjoyed an almost uninternipted good 
state of health until towards the conclusion of his life, which he 
attributed, and reasonably, to his temperate mode of Hving, par- 
ticularly to his moderation in^ the use of fermented liquors. This 
practice he recommended strenuously to all who consulted him. 
Miss Seward, from whose Memoirs qf the Life of Dr. Darwin 
these notices are principally taken, gives him the credit of having 
introduced habits of sobriety among the trading part of Lich- 
iiekl, where it had been the custom to live more freely before he 
went to reside there. His frequent journeys into the country on 
professional business, contributed also in t)o small degree to the 
preservation of his health and his feculties, which latter remained 
imimpaired to the day of his death. His death was sudden, oc- 
casioned by a fit of what he was used to call angina -pectoris, 
which he had several times experienced, and always relieved by 
bleeding plentifolly. His * Botanic Garden,* the first of his 
Poems to which he put his name, was not published till 1781. It is 
comprised in two parts -, in the first of which he treats of the 
Economy of Vegetables, in the second of the Loves of the Plants. 
The novelty of the design, the brilliancy of the diction, full of 
figurative expressions, in which every thing was personified, 
rendered the Poem for some years extremely popular. In I79S, 
he published the first volume of * Zoonomia, or the Laws of Or- 
ganic Life,' 4 to. The second volume, which completed the plan, 
was printed in 1796. As the eccentric genius of the Author was 
known, great expectations were formed of thb work, the labour, 
we were told, of more than twenty years. It was to reform, or 
entirelj new model, the whole system of medicine, professing 


Digitized by 



^^ Essays* on various Subjects. By Thomas 
Monro -f*, Magdalen College, Oxford.** 

no less than to account for the manner in which man^ animab^ 
and vegetables are formed. In 1801, Dr. Darwin published 
'' Phytolpgia, or the Philosophy of Agriculture and Gardening/' 
Imt the Publjck, tired with the reveries of the Writer, let this large 
book of 60O pages in quarto pass almost unnoticed. As little 
attention was paid to a small tract on Female Education, 
which had little indeed to attract notice. ' It is/ Miss Seward 
observes, ' a meagre work, of little general interest, those 
rules excepted, which are laid down ror the preservation of 
health.* It is, however, harmless — a character that can by no 
means be accorded to the ' Zoonotiiia.* His son, Charles Damin, 
who died at Edinburgh, May 15, 1778, while prosecuting his 
studies in medicine, deserves to be noticed for having discovered 
a test dbtinguishing pus from mucus, for which a gold medal was 
a4judged him by the Univei-sity. Mr. Darwin left an unfinished 
JE^y on the retrograde motion of the absorbent vessels of ani- 
mal bodies in some diseases. This was, some time after the 
death of the young man, publbhed by has father, together with 
the dissertation for which he had obtained the prize med-d. 

* '* In the 95th page of this Work, the Reader is presented with 
a Letter, which he is desired to suppose might have been written 
by Prince Le Boo, just after his arrival in England, to his father 
in the Pelew Islands. Since these sheets were in the press, and 
most of them printed off, I have been gratified with the perusal 
of a work, entituled ' The Loiterer,* published last year in Ox« 
fbrd. Had I been fortunate enough to have met with that work 
sooner, I would certainly have prevented a striking resemblance^ 
which now appears, between the letter I allude to and one con- 
tained in ' The Loiterer* from Omai to his friends at Otaheite, 
The Reader will perhaps be kind enough, instead of accusing 
me of imitation, to consider this circumstance as illustrating an 
important maxim which I have somewhere delivered with become 
ing solemnity ; viz. That two great writers of kindred genius, 
treating upon the same subject, will freauently be betrayed into si* 
milar ideas, andsometimesasimilarity of expression." Introduction, 

t The Rev. Thomas Monro (nephew to the late, and first 
cousin to the present eminent Physician) was educated by Dr. 
Parr at Norwich ; and was afterwards of Magdalen College, Ox- 
ford J M. A. 1774. He was always distinguished by literary 
taste and talent. Whilst at Oxford, he was the principal con- 
ductor of the '< Olla Podrida,** as stated in p. 40. In 1790 
he published the above-noticed volume of *^ Essays;*' in 1791, 
in conjunction with the Rey. William Beloe, a Translation of "Al- 
ciphron's Epistles;** and in 1795, the Tragedy of Philoctetes 
in Lemnos j" and, having been introduced to the friendship of 
lord Maynard, was presented by that Nobleman to the Rectory of 
Eyston Magna in Essex, where he has ever tsince regularly resided. 
> " Letters 

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"Letters to Mr. Archdeacon Travis*, in Answer 
to his Defence of the Three Heavenly Witnesses -f*, 
1 John V. 74 By Richard Porson^.** 8vo. 

* The Rev. George Travis, a native of Royton in Lancashire, 
was educated at Manchester school, under Mr. Pumell, and ad- 
mitted a sizar in St. John's College^ Cambridge, 1761, under 
Mr. Abbot. He took his degree of B. A. 1765, M. A. 1768 ; and 
was Archdeacon and Prebendary of Chester ^ and Rector of Hand- 
ley, and Vicar of East Ham, in that County. Though a Plu* 
ralist, and a man of respectable talents, Mr. Travis was remark*^ 
ably afiable, facetious, and pleasant. The universality of his 
genius was evinced by the various transactions in which he was 
concerned, and in all of which he excelled. In his manners, 
the eentkman and the scholar were gracefully and happily 
blended. Among other branches of knowledge be appears to 
liave been £ami&rly acquainted with the Law of Tithes ; but, 
turning his mind too eagerly to sacred criticism, he undertook 
to vindicate the controverted text, 1 John ▼. 7 } and met with 
powerful antagonists in Griesbach, Porson, Marsh, and Pappd- 
naum. His l^urs, however, have proved not a tittle useral to 
the world, having excited a closer attention of learned men 
to the MSS. of Stephens, to the Valesian Readings, and the 
MS. at Berlin, &c. relative to the authenticity of the present 
text of the Greek Testament. After a very short illness, be died 
at Hampstead, whither he had removed for the benefit cf the air, 
Feb. 24, 1797- 

t These Letters, the first regular and avowed pubficatioa 
of Mr. Porson (of whom some particulars shall be given in a 
future page), Mr. Gibbon pronounced to be^ ' the most acute 
and accurate piece of criticism which had appeared since 
the days of Bentley. The Author*s strictures,* he adds, ' are 
founded in argument, enriched with learning, and enlivened 
with wit ; and his Adversary neither deserves, nor finds, anj 
' quarter at his hand.** 

{ " In a sensible and manly Pre&ce, Mr. Porson engages to 
make a pubUc recantation of whatever errors may be pointed out 
in his work, should it come to a second edition. Of this he does 
not cherish any very sanguine expectations; nor can we say what 
reception these Letters will receive from the Publick ; but we 
will pronounce them the fruit of much learning; and we can 
venture to assure their Author^ that they will be delivered, though 
he may not addrea them, to Posterityr M. Rev. N. S. F. 45.— 
Admitting the full daim of merit in Mr. Gibbon as an Histo* 
rian and a Scholar, Mr. Porson observes, that ** a rage for tiide* 
eency pervades the whole work, but especially the last voltune. 

§ This Volume is here noticed, though it came from a different 
press, as the greater part of the Letters, as well as those to 
which they were an answer, first appeared in the Gentleman*s 
Magazine. Their rise and progress is briefly this. In a regufav 


Digitized by 




^ The Goldsmith's Repository: Containing a 
concise Elementaiy Treatise on the Art of assaying 

Bemw of Mr. Gibbon*8 " Roman History," in Gent. Mag. volLf . 
p. Ml, the following uoqnaiified assertion was extracted: ''Tke 
three witneaea (1 John^ v. 7) have been established in our Greek 
Testaments by the prudence of Erasmus ; the honest bigotry of 
the Complatensian editors ; the typographical fraud, or error, 
of Robert Stephens^ in the placing a crotchet ; and the deliberate 
fadfihood, or strange misapprehension^ of Theodore Beza.*' This 
produced, from Archdeacon Travis, a series of excellent Letters 
in the Magazine (LIl. 65, 97S, 330, 5^) ; which were dilated 
into a cpnrto volume, 1784 ; and went through a second edl- 
tiooy 1785. To this Mr. Porson's series of Letters in 1790 were 
addressed ; in which, if Mr. Porson had discovered less of the 
temper tii Dr. Bentley, his learning and polemical talents would 
have appeared to greater advantage ^ but, notwithstandii^ this, 
htaargimientsappeaTedjust and satisfactory. In Gent. Mag. LXI. 
liS8, is the following brief note from Mr. Travis : '' A careful col<^ 
lation oi the Greek MSS. of the New Testament, now in the 
Royal Library at Paris, which have been ascribed to Robert Ste- 
pbeiiB, and a comparison of their readings with those of R. Ste« 
pfaens*s margin, have been lately made } the result of which is, 
that those are not the MSS. which he used in his grand Edition 
of A. D. 1560. On this it was remarked that " the Author of the 
' Letters to Bir. Gibbon,' in hi» second edition, and Dr. KipKng, 
IB ys late Commencement-speech at Cambridge (which will he 
pohlished) seemed to have ascertained this matter beforehand, 
as fiur as argument akme couki prevail. But positive proof was 
still called for ; and it will be given. And the charges which 
bsve been brought against the integrity of R. Stephens will be 
demimstrated to have been as iiyurious as they always appeared 
to be incredible. Mr. Urban wiU relate this intelligence to his 
readers with pleasure, because it is always grateful to a Uberal 
mind to see the memories of the illustrious dead rescued from 
mmwiited reproach.** A Third Edition, considerably enlaiged» 
aqppeared in 1T94, " built generally on the basis of that which 
preeedodit; but many parts of the superstructure were enlarged 
by the use of new, and (as it seems) valuable materials." In thki 
new Edition Blr. Porson was passed by unnoticed by the Arch- 
deaeon in the general mass of his antagonists. ' it is not to be 
vnderstood,* says he, ' that a distinct answer is meant to be given 
in the following pages to every stricture which has been made 
on the fnrmer ^tions of these Letters. Few of them, which I 
haveseen^ can claim the credit of ori^nality. A reply to Simon 
Emlyn, <» Wetstein^ gives to this class of writers their own con« 
iutatioQ. Still fewer are entitled to the praise of candour and 
fibemlity. Cum tiUibui neque amic'Uiat habere volo, neque t»itmici- 
Hm. The argument in every such instance may be attended to, 
hue the man will certainly be overlooked.' What the Archdea- 


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Metals, Rules, Directions, and con^t extensive 
Tables, applied to all the possible Occasions of 

con, in his second edition, concluded with respect to the MSS; 
in the King of France's Librar}% supposed by mistake to have 
been R. Stephens's, are now fully proved not to have been hb/* 
To this it was answered : ** Mr. Porson's ar^iments are in ge-, 
Deral borrowed, and not original. But, whether original or 
borrowed, they are now in general done away. If your Reviewer 
shall have leisure to compare those arguments with the answers 
given to them in the third edition of the ' Letters to Mr. Gibbon,' 
be will perceive the truth of this remark. If he shall be too busily 
employed in other avocations to engage in such a disquisition, 
vou may perhaps soon receive a breviate of this kind, from the 
Writer of this present Note. Your Reviewer further remarks, 
that the Archdeacon ' passes by Mr. Porson unnoticed in the ge- 
neral mass of his antagonists.' 1 foncy myself able to assign one 
motive for thb pretention. Mr. Pchhsou's assault on the Archdea- 
con was unprovoked -, and his language was unbecoming a scho- 
lar, and unworthy of a gentleman. In such a situation, &e Arch* 
deacon's feeling expressions' are, perhaps, the most proper that 
could have been adopted. ' Cum talibiu neque amicitioi hahere 
volo, neque inimicitias* Be this, however, as it may, all the 
interest which I, as one of the publick, can take in this matter, 
is, to examine whether Mr. Porson's arguments have received a 
proper attention. And, for this purpose, I repeat my intentions 
of soliciting your indulgence on some future occasion ; and de- 
dare myself to be, in the mean time, A Friend to Mr. Urban.** 
Mr. Porson again stept forward : '* I pity you, Mr. Urban, from mf 
heart More last words of the three heavenly witnesses ] The 
gentleman, who calls himself yourfriend^ comes forth in jour 
last number, and seems desirous to engage in the controversy: 
' O ! limed soul, that, struggling to be free. 
Art more engaged!' Hamlet. 

His letter, I think, may be reduced to three heads : — First, he 
is angry with your Reviewer for supposing that Mr. Pbcson's 
Letters may be sufficient to confute Mr. Travis, even though it 
should be allowed that not one of the MSS. now found in the 
Parisian Library belongs to the list used by R. Stephens in his 
folio edition. — Secondly, he asserts that Mr. Porson's arguments 
, are all borrowed. — ^Thirdly, he half promises to give a Breviate 
of the controversy. In answer to the first, give my respectfol 
compliments to your Reviewer, and tell him ^t he has made 
too hasty a concession. Mr. Travis has done nothing less than 
proved the non-identity of the MSS. by the specimens already 
produced. Let him publish his entire collation, and we shall 
be better enabled to form a judgment. The second is a formid- 
able objection truly ! Mr. Porson himself having formally dis- 
claimed all pretensions to novelty, as any of your readers may 
see by lookii^ at the beginning of his second letter, or in your 


Digitized by 


I7d0.j" OP THE eiGHTBENtft CENTURY. 9i 

mixings alloying, or finding the Value of Bullion, 
under all its various Denominations of Gold^ Silver, 

▼oL LIX. p. 101. In return, J beg^ to know how much new 
matter Mr. Travis has adided, fitmi hb own stocky erron ex^ 
eepted ? On the third I observe, that you seem already to have 
had enough of the controversy. Such too seems to have been 
fifr. P(Mw>n's opinion, when he took the subject out of your Mii^ 
oellany to treat it in a more convenient place and manner. It 
is difficult to discuss such a question properly with the interrup- 
tions which your plan renders necessary. I submit it, therefore, 
to your Friend, whether he would not do better to Kck that 
mass of knowledge, with which his mind teems, into the form 
of a pamphlet, than to extract it by piecemeal at monthly inter'* 
vab. Whether this eentleman be a new-dubbed Knight, who 
sleeps on brambles tm he kills his man, or the doughty Cham- 
pion himself, who wears his beaver down lest his person should 
be known, and his challenge refused, I am willing to enter the 
lists with him on the fulfilment of one indispensable preriout 
condition. I believe that I shall do no injustice. to Mr. Travis 
and your Friend (if they are two), by supposing that they esteem 
the defence of R. Stephens, as newly nurbished up, to be the. 
brightest piece of armour in the Hero's panop^a dogmaiica.** Aftcx 
discussing some supposed errors in the Archdeacon's collations, 
Mr. Porson concludes, " It is diverting enough to hear Mr« 
TYavis and his myrmidons exclaim against the want of candour 
and liberality in their opponents. They always bring to my mind 
the story of the convict, who complained bitterly of the unpolita 
behaTiour of the Judge in condemning him. UbbanoAmicior«** 

The Archdeacon's rejoinder thus ends the controversy: "Ami* 
dor may try to compose himself as to any apiirehended dispute 
with me. I mean nothing less than to enter into any contro- 
versy with him. But I cannot so easily speak peace to him oa 
another point. He feels himself mortified, as well as irritated, 
that Mr. Archdeacon Travis has completely vindicated the me-^ 
mory of R. Stephens, and, in so doing, has placed an insur- 
moimtable obstacle in the way of the opponents of the versd 
1 John, V. 7. The pungency of those feelings will increase with 
time ', fbr that vindication will bear the test of the most rigid 
examination. Amkior wishes, however, to get rid of this odious 
vindication, by alleging, that the author of it (if I understand 
him aright) has mistmderstood of misinterpretal the marginal 
notes of R. Stephens in two verses, viz. ix. 2, and xix. 98, of; 
St. MaUhew. If this objection should be admitted, it would not 
profit the cause which he espouses. But it will not be admitted. 
The former of these instances is a mere error of the press in a 
tfnele figure. For Matt. ix. S, read ix. 5, and this part of the 
<%ection is wholly done awray. How very near to drownifiig, 
Mr. Urban, must he be who catches afa twig like this !" [The 

Vou IX. G athcr 

Digitized by 


ia LItBEAllT ANECDOTES ti790. 

nA Parting. Also, an Appendix, in which are 
contained Abstracts of aU the Acts of ParUament 
now in force, relating to Gold and Silver ; and a 
View of all the Changes in their respective Standards* 
By W. J. AlldridgeJ* 8vo. 

" The History and Antiquities of Clay brook -f-, in 
the Comity of Leicester, including the Chapekies 

other maiginal note is copied at leneth, and rin^cated in. 
Cknt. Mag. LXIV. 786.} — <' In the precipitation, as it seems^ o£ 
a perturbed mind, Amkior calls tor the Archdeacon*8 whole col- 
lation. Whatever may be the wishes of the Learned World in 
general on the subject, it was hardly to be expected that Jmi- 
ctor would stand foremost in the requisition. The discordances^ 
one hundred and thirtif, and upwards, which he specially stated 
(p. 242), being more than sufficient to bend all opposition to 
the ground* it seems not to be an over-wise act in Jmieior to- 
call ^nrthfr remainder of the nineteen hundred discordances* to 
oppi^ him still more severely. I proceed now, Mr. Urban, to 
comply with the request made in your Index IndiccUorius, p. 552». 
but not in the manner which Amicior seems to fear and depre- 
cate ; for I intend my Breviate to deserve its name, by confining 
It within the bounds of the present sheet.*' [See them in GenU 
Mag. LXIV. 789.]—" I could have added, Mr. Urban, to this Bre- 
viate ; but it would have been an unnecessary labour. The re- 
ferences already made shew the general tenor and design of the 
work to which they apply^ It will endure ; and will buoy up, oa 
its strong wing, the acrimonious, but flimsy, labours of Mr. 
Professor Porson. A Friend to Mb. Urban.** 

t ^* We understand this addition to our Local Topography it. 
the work of one of Mr. Nichols's excellent assistants in his grand 
plan of the History of Ldcestershire. Mr. Macaulay has vindi- 
cated the character of an Antiquary from the reproaches cast cm it 
in the unrelieved hours of the ^hionable cirde, as well as from 
the disapprobation of persons of real learning and good sense. 
The Parochial Histories of Hawsied and Kiddtngian are sufficient 
specimens how well such works are capable of being conducted y 
and though this niode of handling them may be too diffiise for a 
general histcny, even tliat may be treated in a more entertaining: 
and readable manner than has been too often practised. — OU 
Justice Byrd and Parson Paul are two eminent characters among, 
the inhabitants of Oaybrook, in the 17th and 18th centuries 5 to 
whom may be added John Blockley, an ingenious mechanickA 
maker of musical wind-instruments ; and John Aijcws, who, froia 
a fidthfiil Volunteer against the Rebels to his King and Country*, 
in 1745^ is become a successful campaigner against ' rat8> mice^ 
and such ADiallgeerV* Qent.Mag.voUUa,p.l^ 


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)f Wibtoft and Little Wigston, and the Hamlets of 
iittesby and Uliesthorpe. By the Rev. Aulaj 
tfacauiay*^ M. A. 

* Son of the Rev. John Macftt]1ay> Minister of the Chnreh and 
iuish of CarditMS in Dambartonshire. He was educated at 
ic Univeriity of Glasgow, where he took the degree of M. A. 
1 1778, before he was 20 years of age. During his residence at 
le University, he wrote many Essays, moral and literary, in 
oddlman's Weekly Magazine, under the signature of Academkus. . 
no after taking his Degree, he accepted an invitation from the 
te Joseph Foster Barham, Esq. of Bedford, (Father of the 
!. P. of the flame name) to superintend the education of his 
ans. In the Town of Befiford, he spent three years most hap- 
fly, in uninterrupted friendship with Mr. Barham's ihmily, and 
I lilemry pursuits During this period of his life he published 
*' £eia3P8 on various subjects of Taste and Criticism, 1780," 8vo* 
" Two Discourses on Sovereign Power and Liberty of Consd- 
eiiee, translated fh>m the Latin of Professor Noodt of Leyden^ 
with Notes and lUustrations, 1781," 8vo. which received the 
«ppn>bation of the literary Journals of the day. On the expi^ 
ntion of his engagements at Bedford, he entered into Orders, 
and took the Curacy of Claybrook in Leicestershire, where he 
cmunmced residence in August 1781, and where he spent many 
Inppy years, dividing his time between the duties of the pastoral 
cue, the pursuits S[ Literature, and the enjoyments of social 
life. And here I may be allowed to observe, from my personal 
bunvledge of the neighbourhood, that his exemplary attention 
to the clerical dnti^ are still affectionately remembered by 
nany of the numerous inhabitants of Ckybrook. In 1786 Mr. 
M$aukty was admitted of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge} and 
continued a Member of that Society, till he was of standing to 
^ a B. D. Degree -, i^ expence of which he thought it need- 
less to incur till better prospects might open to his view. — ^Tp hh 
unremitting exertions I was indebted for a variety of commu- 
nieaiioBs in the progress of my " History of Leicestershire ;" par- 
ticulariy for an entire transcript by himself fipom an original. 
Histoiy of the Family of Feilding, preserved in the Library at 
Nimeham.— A short extract or two from his much-esteemed cor-^ 
respoDdence will demonstrate his friendly attention. 

'* Dkar Sir, Claybrook, Jan. 5, 1789. 

" Lest you should think me dilatory, I write to acquaint yott 
that the proofs would have been returned to you ere now, had 
it not been for the accession of fresh materials. The history of 
the ff^tgley family in UDesthorpc naturally connects itself with 
that of a fiunily of the name of Smith, who resided at Froles- 
^*orth, a neighbouring ViUage ; one of whom >vas Lord Chief 
Baran of the Exchequer of Scotland about the beginning of the 
IM oentary,azid foiuoded a noble charity kiFrolesworth> of vrhkh 
« 9 I meam 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

84 hiTEKAKY ANECDOTES [}79f^'' 

^ Episcopal Opinions on the Test tnd Corpora- 
tion Acts, delivered in the House of Peers, in De-; 
cember 1718, by the Archbishops Wake and Dawes^ 

I mean to give a particular account. Mr. Smkh, of Normanton 
in this County, has promised to look over a number of old par 
pers, and to supply me wkb all the infbrnKation be can procw 
respecting the Wigleys and the Lord Chief Baron. 1 remain^ 
dear Sir, your faithful humble servant, A. Macaulay.** 

"DearSik, Oaf brook, Juhf2», 17Q9. 

'' 1 hope to send yoUr in the course of a few dajip, Cka^ook^ 
^nd the fruitiof our last researche$, corrected, with considorahlr 
additions. The proofi'came safe to hand; as did, likewise, Lewis's 
Wiclifie, for which I return you many thanks^ I am obliged to 
^u for your inteUigence respecting Melancthon. * A. M.** 

Mr. Macaulay was presented to the Rectory oi Fn^eswortb i]» 
1789; which he resigned in 1790. IntheAutiunnof 1793liemade 
a Tour through South Holland and the N^herlands } of whiqli he 
gaveavery curious and entertaining detail inGentMa^.ToL LXIIU 
and sevend subsequent Voluoies. In 1794 he attended a soa 0f 
Sir Walter Farquhar, as Tutor and Trayelling CompanioD, inti> 
Germany ; where he was in a very particular manner nolic«d at 
the Court of the late Duke of Brunswick, at whose table he wa» 
a frequent and fiuniliar guest ; and was very highly esteemed bj 
Ihe late Duehess: During his residence there, he had the honour 
of instructing their illustrious Daughter, tine present Pnnccfla 
of Wales, in the rudiments of the English Language > and long 
after her Royal Ilighness*s arrif al in this Kingdom,. Mr. Maeaii^ 
lay was distinguished by repeated piBooli»'Of gyateful recollection; 
as he wafr afterwards by the good M. Duchess, on her return to 
thb her native country. But, unfortunately, the/rteartsibtpt oT 
Ihe Great do not alw^s lead to their patronage. Mr. Blacaoky 
was of too lofly and independent a spirit to solicit prefer* 
ment ; and it very rarely flows spontaneously on mere merit. 
Meanwhile he was presented, in 1796, to the Vicarage of RotU^ 
In Leicestershire, by Hiomas Babington, Esq. the worthy and 
philanthrqiic Member for the Borough of Leicester, who war 
united in marriage to Jean, a sister of Mr. Macaulay. This Vi- 
carage, though not of any great pecuniaiy value, is somewhat 
of an Ecclesiastical Dignity* Mr. Babington, as proprietor of 
Rothley Temple, an antient Preceptory of the Kiughts Tempbrs, 
is Lord of 'the Manor and Soke of Rothley; which not ODly ex* 
tends through the Lordslups of Rothley suad Rothl^ Temple, 
and the Chapelnes of Caldwell, Gaddesby, Grimston, Keame, 
Mountsordl superior, Wartnaby, and Wykeham, but to several 
other parts of^ the County, in which it is the most extensive 
Manor. It ha^ antiently, and stjU enjoys, a peculiar jurisdictiQift 
in matters ecclesiastical, exempt and free from all other Ecde* 
,m8ti<»lCoiurts. It hat tbe pivilege 9bQ tf narrymg withuk 

Digitized by 




the Bishops Hoadly^ Smalridge^ Willis, Gibson, 
ftobinson, Atterbury, Kennett, and Gastrell ; with 

itself, the Commissary, wko derives fiis authority from the Locd 
-of the Manor, granting licence ; and is exempt from the juris- 
diction of the Bishop of the Diocese ; who stilly however, grants 
institution to the Vicarage. In a. record cited in .p. M2 of 
the " History of Leicestershire/* mention is made of a pension 
to the Archdeacon, which by otlier instruments appears to be for 
an exemption from jurisdiction. — But Mr. Macaulay shall here 
.gratefully speak for himself : 

'' My Dbar Fribnd, Clayhrook, July IS, 1796. 

^' I am sure you will be glad to hear that Fortune begins to 
«nile upon me. Respexit tamen, et tango post tempore venit.-^ 
Mr. Babington has oflered me a Presentation to the Living 
*of Rothley, vacant by hi8 Brothers death, to which Ijshali pro^ 
bably be instituted -in the couoe of a isw weeks. 1 think of oom« 
Aiendng residence at Rothley about Michaelmas ; and I hope I 
ahaU not belong (here beforei have the satisfaction of seeing you 
under my roof. I shall be sony to part with my honest fiiaads at 
Clayhrook ; and am very anxious about the succession to the Cu- 
S9Cf. The Bishop has the nomination -, but he will probably 
listen to my recommendation* A. Macaulat.** , 

'• My Dear Sir, Rothley Vicarage, Feb. SO, 1798. 

^ I am now as comfortably situated as a Country Parson can 
reasonably desire ; and no ambitious dreams dbturb my repose, 
notwithstanding the following passage in a letter from a fHend 
in high life : ' I have .no doubt of your eventual promotion in 
the <Chureh ; for your Princess does not forget lier FriendsV* 
On this moderate preferment, with a numerous fiamily, tho 
'sealous ¥icar is " passing nclt.*' The sequestered situation of 
Idr. Macaulay has, iiowever, been a less, not only to himself, 
but to the Mterary world. Few men have greater abilities for 
writing ; fsw have kid in ^ greater store either of classical 
or historical learning ; and his enunciation is pleasing and per- 
^icuous ; bolt his oratory has been principally exhibited to rustic 
congregations; and his productions from the press are not 
very numerous. Besides those above specified, he has only pub- 
lished the following detached Sermons. " The pecutiar Advan* 
tages of Sunday-schools ; a Charity Sermon preached at St. Paul*s, 
Bedford, 1792,** 8vo ^ " The LiUiigy of the Church of England 
recommended ; a Somon preached on St. Mark's Day, U96, at 
Bow Church, before the Governors of Hutchin&'s Charily," -dvo; 
aSermon preached in theParish Church of Clay brook. May 5f 1805, 
at the Funeral of £mma Dicey^" He has indeed meditated loftier 
Jights, and has planned a thousand schemes for a variety of useful 
,and entertaining books — but, when I add, on my own knowledge, 
4hathehasbeen3^^ thkrtyyearsengagod in a" Ufeof Melancthon^** 
^jba^ is not muQb bope that the rublick will be gratified with 


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Arguments by the Duke of Buckingham^ the Earls 
of Nottingham, Stanhope, Sunderland, Jersey, and 

many of his productions. One of his many plans he thus unfolds, in 
a Letter dated Feb. 18, 1801 : " I have oftea thought, since 
the appearance of Warton • Edition of Pope, that a new Edition, 
upon a new plan, would be well receiTed. 1 mean an Editio er- 
purgata, upon the plan of Hurd*s Cowley, intituled, * Select Works^ 
in Verae and Prose, of Alexander Pope* Such an edition might, 
perhaps, be comprized in three large octavo volumes -, and, if 
you would run the risk, sohu cum tola, or jointly with any of 
your brethren, I should have no objection to engage in the ta^k 
of revising, abridging, and annotating. Let me know what 
you think of this plan 3 and, if you approve of it, you shall have 
my ideas respecting it more in detail in a future Letter. 1 am 
Minguine in my expectation that such an exhibition of Pope as I 
have in my mind s eye would be acceptable to the Public. A. M.*' 
Having communicated to him my own ideas on the subject, he 
thus writes more fully, March 4, " The more I think of Pope, 
the more I am convinced the thing would answer, provided it 
were executed fHtiperiy : I mean, with taste, discrimination, and 
judgment. Several pieces that appeared in Warburton*s Edi- 
tion ought to be expunged 3 as well as some that have been in- 
troduced into Warton*s. The Poetry might either be arranged 
in the exact order of chronology, or under the various heads 
of Descriptive, Didactic, Satirical, Translatiofu, Imitatums, Mis- 
celianeoui. The Prose should be arranged under the hf^uis of 
Prefaca^ Essays, and Select Epistles, The Notes should be 
short, to illustrate beauties, to mark deviations from the prin- 
ciples of taste, or the canons of sound criticism *, to elucidate 
obscurities, and to give biographical sketches of the writers and 
characters who figure in his works. Not many of Warburton*8 
Annotations are worth preserving. Warton has encumbered his 
Edition with too many Notes j the quintessence of them should 
be extracted for a new Edition. A new Life should be prefixed, 
containipg the tubstance of Warburtcn, Warton, Ruff head, and 
Johnson. Now, I think, all this might be compriced in half the 
bulk of Warton's Edition ; and, in my humble opinion, greatly 
to the advancement of Pope*s fair fame with the present and fii- 
ture times. — I agree with you, that the present Proprietors of 
Pope*s Works would be the proper persons to be Principals in 
such an undertaking. 1 should be. glad if you would sound 
•ome of the leading men upon the business, mentioning my 
name, and let me know what they think of the project. If the 
plan is relished, we can then tdk of terms.** — 1 shall close this 
long Note by observing, that it originates from the sincerest 
legsurd for a worthy and exemplary Divine ; whose friendship I 
tmve long enjoyed, and to whose talents, benevolence, and 
integrity, I am proud to give this public testimony. 

Digitized by 



Ilay, Lord Viscount Townsbend, the Lords Nofth 
and Grey, Coningsby, and Lansdowne*." 8vo. 

^^ The Rudiments of Mathematicks ; designed 
for the use of Students at the Universities ; con- 
taining an Introduction to Algebra, Remarks on the 
first Six Books. of Euclid, the Elements of Plane 
Trigonometry. By William Ludlam-f-, late Fellow 
of St. John^s College, Cambridge. The Third Edi- 
tion,** 8vo. 

" Considerations on the Expediency of revising 
the Liturgy and Articles of tne Church of Eng- 
land t;** 8vo. Two Editions. 

" The Supplementary Volume to the Leicester- 
shire Views ; containing a Series of Excursions, in 
the Year 1790, in the Villages and Places of Note 
in the County. By John Throsby^. To which are 

* This was an impartial account of the Debates on both sides, 
printod from the arigiaal MS. of the Reporters; and tftie Speecb- 
of Lord Lansdowne, in answer to Bishop Gibson^ from the hand* 
writing of Bishop Atterbury. — ^The result of this debate was, the 
repeal of the Occasiotial Conformity and Schism BUUs but the 
Teat and Corporation Acts remained unaltered. 

f Of this very able Mathematician, see vol. III. p. 639. 

X See an account of this able Pamphlet (which was printed 
under the auspices of the late Duke of Grafton, and generally 
attributed to the Bishop of Landaff) in Gent. Mag. LXI. 498. 

§ Mr. Throsby, who was for many years Parish-clerk of St. 
MtDTtin's at Leicester, was a man of strong natural genius ; and* 
during the vicissitudes of a life remarkably chequered, rendered 
himself conspicuous as a Draughtsman and Topcuprapher. He 
attempted many expedients for the maintenance of a numeroua 
finnily, few of which answered his purpose 5 and his last days 
would have been shaded with penury and disappiointment, but 
for the assistance of those fHends who knew his worth, and 
justlv appreciated him as a man of honesty, .integrity, and 
mertt. He died Feb. 3, 1803, set. 63 ; and is recorded, on a 
tablet over the vestry door at St. Maitin*s, to have been of a 
peacefiil disposition $ who lived respected, and died an humble 
mmber of the Church of Christ/* — His publications were, " The 
Memoirs of the Town and County of Leicester, 1777/' 6vols, 
l^mo. *' Select Views in Leicestershire, from Original Draw- 
ings, 1799," 4to. He next published the above-mentioned 
work, whldi was followed by " The History and Antiquities of 
the antient Town of Leicester, 1791," 4to. '• Letter to the 
Earlof Leicester, on die Roman Ckmca^ orSewer, aiLdces- 
* terj 

Digitized by 



tdded, in Notes^ the most valuable Farts of Burton, 
Nichols, and other antecedent Writers on Leices- 
tershire/' 4to. 


^^ Twelve Discourses on the Influence of the 
Christian Religion on Civil Society. By the Rev, 
James Douglas *, F. A. S.** 8vo, 

** Baron Inigo Born's new Frocess of Amalgama- 
tion of Gold and Silver Ores, and other Metallic 
Mixtures, as, by his late Imperial Majesty's Com- 
mands, introduced in Hungary and Bohemia. 
From the Baron's Account in German. Translated 
into English by R. E. Raspef . With Twenty-two 
Copper-plates. To which are added, A Supplement, 
or a Comparative View of the former Method of 
Melting and Refining ; and an Address to the Sub- 
scribers, giving an Account of its latest Improve- 
ments, andof the Quicksilver Trade I,** 4to. 

ier; with some Thoughts on the Jewry Wall^ 1793/' 8Fa 
'^ Thoughts on the Provincial Corps raised, and now raising, in 
Si^>portof the British Constitution at this awfiil Period, by a 
PHvate in the Leicestershire, 1795/' 8vo. '' Thoroton's His- 
tory of Nottinghamshire, re-published with large Additions, 
and embellished with Picturesque and Select Views of Seats ik 
the Nobility and Gentry, Towns, Villages, Churches, and Ruins, 
1797/* 3 Tols. 4to. A good Portrait of him is prefixed to his 
" Sdect Views in Leicestershire.** 

* Author of the "NeniaBritatmica,** of whom see before, p. 8. 
«— -*' The, Writer <tf these Disoounes obviously possesses a cul- 
tivated mind.) his language is sometimes energetic, and always 
manly. We are obliged to remark, occasionaify, a fondness fbr 
abstruse words, and sometimes a want of perspicuity ; but these 
Discourses will be read by many with satisfiaustion, and may be 
read by all with improvement." Geni. Mag. vol. LXILp. 648. 

t See vol. IlL pp. 217. 230. 

,X ** There is no danger of Mr. Baspe havii^ anywhere mis- 
nnderstopd the sense of his originals, or of hiving expressed 
himself inadequately in our language — but justice requires ua to 
»dd, that he appears to have had this business^uch at heart 5 
^d he intimates, in consequence of a Mineialogical 8iirv<^ 
fvhich at that time (1790) employed him in the Northern paiti 
gl th^|i»lan4^ ' tluit Qxe^t Sritain hae l^ chance to have quidi- 


Digitized by 




*^ The Eulogies of Howard*, a Vision +,** 8vo. 
'' The Theatre, by Sir Richard Steele^. To which 

ilver mines of her own> nor any longer in that respect to be 
dependant on foreign r^uktions of finance, speculation, and 
monopoly'." M. Rev. N. S. Fill. 174. 

* It is not generally known that this beautiftil little Yoluma 
was the production of Mr. Hayley^ 

f " Panegyric was never more honourably bestowed than in 
celebrating the merit of Howard ; and she here performs her 
office in a manner by no means unworthy of the subject. Such 
a tribute to the memory of a good man, must be read with plea- 
sure by the good.'* M, Rev. N. Ji, FIL 416. — " Concerning the 
merits and virtues of the departed Howard there seems to exist 
bat one c^nnion* amongst all ranks and characters of men. 
Even they who intimate that his conduct was tinctured with 
enthusiasm, allow it to be an enthusiasm of the most amiable 
nature, equally deserving of imitation and reward. The pen 
wluch produced the present performance is certainly no mean 
one, and must have its eflfect in contributing to the final accom- 
plishment of what the friends of Benevolence and Howard have 
in view. This beatific vision represents another and a better 
world, in which the three more distinguished Professions concur 
in acknowledging the services of Howard to mankind to have 
deserved a permanent and immortal compensation. Three diflfer- 
ent Eulogies are pronounced in his name, by three illustrious 
characters, in the separate heaven assigned to the Professors of 
Divinity, Medkdne, and Law. A Funeral Sermon is added; 
which, perhaps, with respect to the composition, is the best part 
of the woiic. The whole is entitled to our praise, and has our 
best wishes for its success.** Gent. Mag. vol. LXl. p. 657' 

X " h& long as el^ant Literature ^aXi be cultivated in this 
countiy, the name of Steele will always have a respectable por« 
tk>n of esteem and praise. It has been, till very lately, the fashion 
to r^ard him more as the Friend of Addison and Pope, and as 
borrowing a reflected splendour from their superior lustre, than 
as entitled to great reputation on his own account, as an ori- 
ginal Writer, as possessed of genius diffusing no inconsiderable 
light from itself, as improving our language, and as a warm and 
steady friend to liberty and morab. fiut at this period, when 
prejudices of all kinds are the more rigorously examined, the 
more fixed they seem, and the more antient they are, it is clearly 
ascertained and acknowledged, that Steele's talents as a man, 
and skill as a writer, required no adventitious aid. Whether 
we consider his polished diction, his acuteness in controversy, 
or the variety and depth of his observation ; his claims to our 
esteem are so strong, that to us it seems probable they will be 
the more readily acknowledged, the &rther our advances in re^ 
Ihiement shall incline us to eawmine them. We speak of that 


Digitized by 



are added, The Anti-Theatre ; the Character of Sir 
John Edgar ; Steele's Case with the Lord Chana- 
berlain; the Crisis of Property, with the Sequel, 
Two Pasquins, &c. &c. Illustrated with Literary 
and Historical Anecdotes, by John Nichols,** 8vo. 

" A Descriptive Catalogue * of a General Collec- 
tion of Antient and Modem engraved Gems, Ca^ 

refinement which admits no claims without investigation ; and 
we allade to such an examination as is prompted by ingenuous 
curiosity, and conducted by liberality and candour. — To the EcK- 
tor of the present Work the ftienda and admirers of Steele owe 
many obligations. ' His industry, and, we may add, his acute- 
ness, have been successfully exercised to render the cloud which 
obscured Steele's reputation less and less dense. His partial care 
has raised Steele fiom amongst the groupe4n which he was some- 
times confounded, and often overlooked ; and placed him on a 
separate pedestal, where he attracts and obtains his proper share of 
attention and praise. There are but very few, partial as they may 
have been to Steele's writings, or curious in collecting the peri- 
odical publications of that period, who have seen an entire col- 
lection of the ' Theatre j* and yet we may be justified in asserting, 
that it would be difficult to produce better writing from either 
the Spectators, Tatlers, or Guardians. To those who are cu- 
rious in investigating the history of the English St^, they must 
be peculiarly interesting 5 and to the works of Steele already 
published in the same form and manner, they form a necessary 
and valuable Appendix. — ^The Author of the ' Anti-Theatre' we 
should be very glad to know ; these papers are certainly the pro- 
duction of a man Steele's equal as a writer, and much his supe- 
rior in enidition. The other tracts which accompany die * The- 
atre* tend tu illuminate the histopy of a period to which the Poli- 
tician and the Scholar can never be indifierent ; they prove the 
versatile powers of a mind comprehending various branches of Li- 
terature, and which was at the same time ft*iendly to the cause of 
morality, and firmly tenacious of the true rights and liberty of 
his countrymen. It gives us no small pleasure to find that 
Steele's Epistolary Correspondence is about to be reprinted in a 
size corresponding with the Tatler, Spectator, Guardian, &c. &c. 
and the volume before us. We shall then possess, in one uniform 
collection, what the greatest talents and best Writers which adorn 
our annals have combined to produce." Gent, Mag. LXL 1033. 
* Mr. Tassie's Collection is so generally known, and so univer- 
sally admired, that it stands not in need of our recommendation. 
It is the greatest that ever was made, containing upwards of 
15,000 articles ; and amazing as this number must appear, the 
Collection is still more precious, on account of the beauty 'and 
Tahie of the original Gems, and the accuracy wad perfixtion with 


Digitized by 



meos as well as Intaglios, taken from the most cele- 
brated Cabinets in Europe; cast in coloured Pastes, 
white Enamel and Sulphur, by James Tassie, Mo- 
deller; arranged and described by R. E. Raspe*.** 

" Alciphron's Epistles-f-; in which are described, 
the Domestic Manners, the Courtesans, and Para- 
sites of Greece. Now first translated from the 
Greek," 8vo4 

which they are imitated. In tnrpaasing all his predecessors, the 
labours of this iogeoious Artist were much fecilitated by the 
improved state of Chemistry in the present aee. His impressions 
are taken in a hard white enamel, which, like flint, strikes fire 
vith steel, does not shrink in baking, like clay, and admits not 
of air-babbles, at the same time that it takes a fine polish, and * 
abewB every stroke and touch of the Artist in higher perfection 
than perhaps any other substance. When the nature and co- 
lours of the originals could be ascertained, they are so com- 
pletely imitated, that many of the pastes in this Collection have 
been acknowledged, by Connoisseurs, to be scarcely distinguish- 
able from the originals. When the qualities of the original 
could not be exactfyascertaioed, the imitation was made in agree- 
mUe, and, for the most part, transparent colours. Constaht 
sttenticm was bestowed in preserving the outlines, attributes^ 
and inscriptions.*' M. Rev. N. 8. IF. 177. 

* Of Blr. Tassie, and his fnend Mr. Raspe, see vol. III. p. 217. 

f '^ Aiciphron has met with various &te. His £pistles have, 
by tome Criticks, been admired and extolled ; by others depre- 
dated unreasonably. Of himself nothing is known with cer- 
tainty ; the very age in which he lived has never been well as- 
certained *y nor even the question, which is most important, re- 
lating to it, whether he could have been a copier of Lueian, or 
a modd to him ? The Epistles wore first published at Rome, in 
1499, in a large collection, made by Aldus Manutius, intituled, 
EpistoUB divetsorum Philosophomm. The merit of Alciphron's 
Epistles oertainly consists chiefly to a modem Reader in the na- 
tural and easy representation of antient manners, and in a cer- 
tain simplicity, which is among the principal arguments for sup- 
posing the Author more antient than Ludan. They consist of 
three classes : those that describe rural life under the personages 
of fishermen and rustics ; those that represent the corruptions 
of the dty, written in the character of parasites, with names 
evidently feigned ; and those of the courtesans.** G. M, LXII. 161. 

X For this Thinslation the Publick were indebted to the Rev. 
Thomas Monro (of whom see p. 77), and Mr. Beloe (see p. 94), 
two of Dr. Parr*s favourite and highly distmguished scholars. 

1& a Tery sensible and modest Pkdace, the Tramdators say, 
f The causes fipom which the works of partictikr Authors be- 

Digitized by 



** Collections towards a Description of the Coun- 
ty of Devon. By Sir William Pole, of Colcombc 

«ome scarce are Tarious and opposite. It happens that^ by the 
lianh sentence of the merciless Critic, one book is condemned 
to the meanest and most degrading offices, while another finds 
an asylum in the cabinets of the curious ; and b preserved indeed 
fttxtt ^mnihilation, but by the same means secluded from the 
world. Thus the worthless and the excellent are sometimes in- 
volved in the same fortune. The former, worn away in servitude 
<3i the lowest kind, dies, and is forgotten ; while the latter, 
4xmfined like a state prisoner, whose worth and dignity are 
known only to his keeper, is condemned to retirement and so- 
litude, when he is yet able to be usefol to the world -, and haa 
the mortification to find that he is robbed of his reputation be- 
fore he is deprived of his exbtence. By an extraordinary coin- 
cidenoe of opposite fortunes, it has been the lot of Alciphron, in 
his struggles for lame, to encounter both these difficulties ; ^leh 
of which bas, we believe, operated equally to his disadvantage. 
By the rigorous, and, in our opinion, unjust condenmation of 
criticism, he has been stigmaticed as one little worthy of notice* 
f though he has been at the same time treasured up in the Li- 
braries of Literary Collectors as a valuable acquisition, till, be- 
tween the censures of the Critics and the fondness of CoUecton* 
«carcely a copy of him can be met with ^ and in searching after 
bis works the most eager curiosity is generally disappointed. 
When we ofier to the Eogfish Reader this Translation of a work 
to which he can hitherto have had no introduction, and with 
which few «ven of those Scholars who have made the profound- 
est researches into the arcana of Literature, have had the op- 
portunity of cultivating any acquaintance, it is our endeavoui^ 
jmd our hope, that we may be instrumental in removing both 
these grievances, which have hitherto prevented Ids misung with 
Ibe world ; that we may soften the rigours of that criticism 
whose justice we dispute, and, by preventing that monopoly 
which b in every article inj«irious to society, communicate to 
our countrymena source of amusement which we havefound highly 
gratifying to ourselves.**. . . . Thus £ar the Translators address the 
Beader jointly. — ^Mr. Monro proceeds: "Jortin (whose reputation 
as a Critic has been equally advanced by the commendations 
of the learned, and the abuse of pretenders to learning, whose 
praises have been so well, so justly, and so frequently sung, 
that it would be impertinent here to repeat >tbero) has passed an 
opinion upon 4iur Author, which, as it appears inconsbtent 
with hb general candour, or hb general accuracy, I shall sub- 
Join, and attempt to controvert In doing thb, I am suffici- 
ently aware that it ill becomes me to advance my own opinions 
with confidence, at a time when I am presummg to censure 
those of Dr. Jortin as erroneous. My admiration of that great 


Digitized by 



and Shute^ Knight (who died A. D. 1^35) ; now* 

man I ccmaider as more under tlie eorernnient of reason, wbile 
1 do not allow mysdf to admit his dogmas wilhoat examination^ 
or give him credit for that infiallibUity to which he, last of aft 
men, would have pretended. I cannot, however, answer for 
myself, that, had I been so unfortunate a» to read hb critidsni 
upon Alciphron before 1 had read the boak itself, 1 should 
hm taken much trouble t& search for a work so difficult of 
access, and represented as so little worthy of perusal* But, as 
Fortune threw Alciphron in n^ way before I was acquainted with 
Jortin*a comments upon him, as I read the book, and obtained 
from it an insight into the customs and manners of the Greeka 
which win in vain be sought for in any other Greek Author, a» I 
was alternately charmed wi|th the beauty of his langnage, and 
the vivacity d his imagination, I am prompted by gratitude to 
ai^ something in his behalf. With boidnessy therefore, and 
alacrity, I come forward, not to attack Dr. Jortin, but to defend 
Akiphron — not ynXh the puerile ei^>ectation that any praise wilt 
be due to me for proving that an eminent Ori^k may be mia- 
taken, but with an amotion, which my own conscience doea 
not disapprove, to rescue an eminent Author from unmerited 
contempt, to restore him to notice who has been so long ba- 
nished from the world, and to open a source ef amusement ti> 
others which has flowed so liberally upon myself.*' — ^Afier ably 
combating the objections of Dr. Jcvtin, Mr. Monro concludes^ 
'M do not hesitate to recommend Alciphron, as an Author who 
may be interesting to the generality of Readers, and whose work 
Is the produce oif an elegant mind and a vigorous imagination. 
Had he written in verse instead of prose, I am persuaded, the 
Epistles of Ovid wQuld not have been the first fitvourites with 
persons devoted to that class of reading, nor wouM CataUus have 
borne the palm for terseness and elegance. Occupied by this 
0|Mnion, I have ventured to make an attempt, such as it is, to- 
waid putting one of his Epistles into a metrical form. This I 
readily submit to the mercy, or the forbearance, of the Critics; 
aafsuring them that 1 shall chcarfoUy acquiesce in their decisioa 
i^oB my Translation, provided they will allow me to retain the 
opinion I have formed of my OrigUial.'* — Mr. BcJoe also, in an ad- 
▼ertWemeat prefixed to Book 111. reminds the Reader, that " the 
Vohmie is the performance of two persons — thai he n^y not 
impute any errors he shall from this time discover* to the Editor 
of the two preceding books, and that he may be aUe immediately . 
to accoimt for any little variation of manner or of sentiment 
which may iq)pear in this concluding part of the work. Unfet- 
tered by any partiality towards each other, our plan has been, to 
give oqr opinions of Alciphron and his worics, separate^ and 
without reserve, as they were impressed upon onr judgments in 
the performance of our respective portions. The Reader there- 
fore has before him^ not the agg^ei^te iabooiji oi two m^^ who» 


Digitized by 


94 LITERAKr AKECl>OT£8 [}79^- 

fint printed from the Authoi^s Autogn^h in the 

tmrersing an unknovm ng'^ao, were fcarftil to adrance a step, 
the one without the other; bnt, rather, separate comraunkattons 

even as the result of an excursion, where each, satisfied of the 
lauty of the country before him, agreed to divide it, becMne 
neither had leisure to explore the whole.'* 

I fed peculiar pleasure in being Me to sul^oin what I believe 
id be a correct sketch of the Literary Life of my learned and 
■mch respected Friend, the Rer. William Beloe. His Father 
(of whom an honourable anecdote is related in Gent. Mag. vol. 
LXI. p. 499) was a respectable Tradesman of Norwich. Per-' 
flonally aware of the disadvantages of the want of education, 
he resolved that his son should in this particular have no cause 
of complaint. — Of his Mother also, see vol. LXXIII. pp. 94, 
189. — After receiving the first rudiments at a good school 
in Norwich, the su^ect of this Note was jdaced under the 
carp of the Rev. Matthew Raine, at Hartforth near Richmond^ 
Torkshire, Father of the late Dr. Raine of the Charter-House, 
and of Jonathan Raine, 1^. now M. P. for Newport in Com* 
wall, and an eminent Barrister. After remaining some years 
with Mr. Raine, under whom he was admirably grounded in the' 
Classics, Mr. Beloe was removed to Stanmore, where he spent 
about four years under the tuition of Dr. Parr. From this semi- 
nary, which has produced so many excellent scholars and accom- 
plished men, he proceeded to Cambridge, and was a Member of 
Bene't College. In this place he so fer distinguished himself, that 
he obtained the Declamation Prize, and in 1779 was the Senior 
Member of his College on taking his Degree. Soon after he be* 
came A. B. Dr. Parr was elected to the Head-mastership of Nor- 
wich Free School 5 and Mr. Beloe was invited by his highly emi- 
nent instructor to become the Under Master ', this he accordingly 
accepted, aiid retained the situation about three years. In thU 
interval he married the daughter of William Rix, Esq. Town- 
derk of London. Whilst in Norfolk, he was Curate of Earlham, 
in the vicinity of Norwich 3 whkh is so for to his honour, that 
the Patron of the Vicarage promised him the living whenever it 
should be vacant,* and his Successor fulfilled his promise. This 
was the first preferment Mr. Beloe obtained ; and, such as it i8» 
t regret that it should still be necessary for him to retain it. 
From Norwich he removed to London, where he was elected 
Master of Emanuel Hospital, Westminster, and continued so 
for upwards of twenty years. In 1798 he was elected F. S. A. 
In 1796 the Lord Chancellor Rosslyn presented him to the Rec- 
tory of Allhalfows, London Wall ; and in 1797 the Bishop of 
lincoln also made him a Prebendary of his Cathedral. In 1804 
lie was appointed to be one of the Librarians of the British 
Musenm $ which situatH)n he lost, by an act of treachery and 
fraud on the part of a person admitted to see and examine 
the BodIm and Drawings^ so audacious and extraordinary^ thai 


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Possession of his lineal Descendant Sir John Wil« 

it will hei-eafter hardly obtain belief. The tale is pathetically 
toU by Mr. Beloe hlaasdf, in the Pre&ce to his first volume 
of '' Anecdotes of Literature ;** and tp this 1 refer the Reader 
for particulars. Whilst at the Museum, the Yenerable Bishop 
Porteusy in 1805, appointed him to the Prebend of, I^tncma f 
and from the produce of his preferment, which, however it may 
sound from its title, is very unimportant in the amount, Mr. 
Beloe continues to live with respectability at Kensington. — His 
Works are very numerous 5 but I shall only specify those which 
are more known, as having been greatly honoured by public ap» 
probation. The first of consequence is the " Tuanslation of 
Herodotus;*' of this book two huge Editions have been pubhsbedl 
It has been generally admired for the simphcity and elegance of 
the style ; was fi&vourably represented in all the Critical PuUt- 
cations of the day ; was commended by L* Archer, the best Greek 
seholar of France, whose Version of the same Author is the 
most perfect work of the kind ; and is reodved as a standari 
book in English literature. The '' Translation of Alciphron*a' 
Letters,** which soon fcdlowed the above, was the joint pro* 
duction of Mr. Beloe and Mr. Monro. Hie latter portion, vrith 
the^ Essay on the Parasites of Greece,** was by Mr. Beloe. Mr. 
Beloe's next work of reputadon was his *' Translation of Aulas 
GelHus,** the very learned and excellent Pre&ee to whieh waa 
writtei^ by Dr. Parr. This production was from its very nature 
kas popular th^n the Herodotus > but it has sflently made its way, 
and now, I believe, is out of print, and unquestionably shoiidd 
be re*printed. The part which Mr. Beloe took in the Bri* 
tish Critic, the difficult and dangerous tknes in which it wa» 
undertaken, the vigour and perseverance with which it was eon^ 
daeted, are things auffidentlyknown. Mr. Beioe was joint Ptoprie* 
tor with Mr. Archdeacon Nares, and the respectable hM«e of Ri«- 
vingtoa. Ilie Editorship was entrusted to the judgment, saga^ 
city, teaming, and acuteness, ci Mr. Nares ; in all and eaeh of 
widch qualities'thait Gentleman has proved himsdf eminenthr es* 
oellent. Mr. Beloe, in coq)Uttction with Mr. Nares, conducted thia 
work to the end of the 42A(]hrohuae, and then rescued it tootfien. 
The next work of magnitude in which Mr. B^oe engaged, waa 
** Anecdotea of Literature and Scarce Books,** ydiich he has re- 
cently compleled in six Voknws. Thb has been very favourably 
received, but probably does not correspond with the idea which 
Mr. Beloe himself encouraged, fron» the situation which he held 
m its commencement. IVoductions of minor interest, whiclW 
ecercised Mr. Beloe*s earlier labours, were, TransUiricMis fraaithe 
l^Vendi of Bitaube, Florian, and some part of the Arabian Nights 
Entertainments ; three voltunes of BAiscellanies, of which pei^ 
teem deserving of more notice than they have received ; a vo* 
hime of Poems; Pamphlets; and Sermons. Mr. Beloe has alsa 
given his assistance in editing vacknia bodes of considttable po«^ 


Digitized by 


96 LITERARY AKECD0TE8 [,179^* 

liamDelaPole*, Bart. &c.-(- in Devonshire,*! 4to. 

pularity and importance, which it is lest expedient to specify ; 
and to the Vohimes of Sylvanus Urban has been from % very 
distant period a veiy highly acceptable contributor. 

* " This now rery scarce Volume (of which only 550 copies 
were printed) contains the whole of the Collections towards the 
History of Devonshire, so often quoted by Risdon and Prince, 
which that eminent and sedulous Antiquary, Sir W. Pole^ KnC 
began so early as I60i, but was prevented by death from per- 
fecting the extensive work he meditated. It would have been 
no easy matter at the period when he lived, to have found a se- 
cond pei^son who possessed an equal degree of industry and ex- 
actitude, had he even enjoyed the same ease and affluence.** 

t Of Shute, Devon, and Colleton and Colcorobe castle, the 
residence of Sir William De la Pole, who rebuilt it. He was 
lineally descended from " that eminent and sedulous Antiquary, 
Sir WUliam, whose MSS. are so often quoted by our modem Au- 
thors, and are justly esteemed as some of the most perfect pieces 
in their kind. Valuable as they are, they are now irretrievably 
lost to his posterity > for the humility of his successors was 
such, that they were never denied to any of the curious who had 
an inclination to peruse them ; the greater part of which have 
been so well approved by these gentlemen, that they never thought 
fit to return them.'* So say the Compilera of oar Baronet- 
age J but the truth is, as-Mr. Prince observes, " many of them 
were lost in the civil war, and the very titles and arguments of 
them perished likewise.*' Hb son John, who inherited bis fii- 
ther*s taste, was created a Baronet in his life- time, and died 1635, 
4 Charles 1. -, and his eldest son dying 1648, he was^succeeded, 
1658, by his second sou. Sir Courtenay, who dying in 1695, 
was succeeded by his son Sir John, and he, IJC^, by his son 
Sir William, and he, 1741, by his son Sir John, and he, 1760, 
by the late Baronet, who was the Sixth Baronet of the femiiy ; 
and, in 1791, published the above-mentioned Collections, '* with 
a hope,*' as the Editor observes, '' that, by throwing open these 
minutes to the world, future Writers may be assisted in perfect- 
ing any design towards an enlaiged history of our County.'^ 
kitroductiou, p. iv. *^ After the testimonies in favour of Sir Wil- 
liam Pole, the Editcnr makes no further apology for throwing 
these Collectanea opem to his firiends in general, and the Gentle- 
inen of the County of Devon in particukr, who, he hopes, will 
receive them with a den*ee of candour equal to that with which 
they are communicated.** — '< Of the femily of this respectable 
Baronet,*' says Mr. Polwhde, II. 316, '' we shall be gratified 
with various memoirs in the course of this history. Referring 
my Readers, therefore, to the Baronetage, and Prince*s ' Wor- 
thies of Devon,* I shall observe only, in this phice, that Sir Wil* 
11am Pole, the Author of the ' Collections towards a Description 
qf DevoiuilMre/ was U^ fifteenth in descent, both from William 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



^^ Mandmessedum Romanorum : being the His^ 
tory and Antiquities of the Parish of Manceter [iii^ 
eluding the Hamlets of Hartshill, Oldbuiy, and 
Atherstone]^ and also of the adjacent Parish of 
Ansley, in the County of Warwick. * By the late 
Benjamin Bartlett*^ Esq. F. A. S. Enlarged and 
corrected under the Inspection of several Gentle^ 
men resident upon the spot,"" 4to. 

iHiUe de Pnlle^ the head of the Cheshire brancli, and trom Matt- 
litius de Pob, or De la Pole, Knight> of Devonshire ; and that 
he was the lineal ancestor, in the seventh degree^ of tlie present 
Baronet, who, by sign Manual, 1780, resumed the antient 
name of De la Pole/* 

*■ Mr. Beiyamin Bartlett had been ail eminent Apothe^ 
cary at Bradford, in Yorkshire, where he succeeded lus fs^ 
ther, who had for his apprentice the afterwards celebrated 
Dr. Fothergill. The Doctor introduced his son to London i 
but Mr. Bartlett, on his health declining, resigned his bu- 
siness to a partner, Mr. French, of Red Lion Street. Ho 
was elected F. A. S. 1764 ; and his knowledge of the antient 
Coinage of this kingdom was equal to the valuable collections 
he b^ formed in its several departments^ from the Saxon to 
the present time, besides a variety of curious Seals, Celts, and 
other antique articles ; which, by the &ta]ity so common to the 
coUectors of the present time, came under Blr. Gerrard*s ham- 
mer. In a Letter dated Nov. 14, 177d> in answer to an inquiry 
respecting Abp. Sharp's " Observations on the Coinage of £ng^ 
land,** (the MS. of which had been purcfiased in 1764 by a£-. 
Gough at the sale of Mr. Thoresby s Museum, and which a£ter-» 
war£ formed the XXXVth Number of the " Bibliotheca Topo- 
graphica Britannica*') Mr. Bartlett says, ** It cetlainly was the 
first attempt of the kind, and was of great use to the late Mr. 
Thoresby, and indeed to the Immediate succeeding writers on 
that subject, Mr. Leake and Mr. Folkes -, the latter dT whom has 
given us all that is Valuable in it, alid has avoided some mistakes 
which the Archbishop had made. lodeed I wonder there are so 
fiew, in a work where he had so dark a road to travel in. — Se- 
veral of Simon's Medals at*e in Dr. Hunter's Museum, and bad 
Impressions, or rather casts, of two of the Seals in mine.-^t am 
much obliged to you for your good wishes; but I always remove 
my Coins into a place of safety when I go into the country^ 
I am, with the tenders of best respects, yours, B. Bartlbtt." 

An that he ever published was a Memoir " On the Epis^ 
copal Coins of Durham, and the Monjtstic Coins of Reading, 
minted during the Reigns of Edward I. II. and 111. appropriate 
to their respective Owners." Archseologia, vol. V. p. 335. He 
4ted, of a confirmed dropsy, at Hertford* March 9, 1787> in 

Vol. IX. H hi* 

Digitized by 


$8 LITERARr ANECDOreS • [l791* 

*^The History of Derby*; from the remote 
Ages of Antiquity, to the Year mdccxci. Describe 

his 78d year 4 and was buried in the Quakers* biHyinpp-grouiid 
M Hartshin in Warwickshire. Mr. Bartlett had lost his wife Jan. 1, 
19B5 ; and his only son, Benjamin Newton Bartlett, who sur- 
vived him but seven months, came to a melanchply end, Oct. 90, 
.1787.— After the death of Mr. Bartlett, the MS. of this little 
History became the property of Dr. Charles Combe ; who, ia 
compliance with the' original intention of Mr. Bartlett, pre- 
sented the copy to Mr. Nichols 3 and it was published as the First 
Number of a new Series of Topographical Antiquities. — ^The 
substance of it, with additions by John Newdigate-Ludford, 
£sq. of Ansley Ifoll, Warwickshire, has since been incorporated in 
the Fourth Volume of the " History of Leicestershire 5" and an 
Edition in Folio, of only Eighty copies, has been printed separately. 

* In a Dedication to Francis Ashby, Esq. at that time Mayor 
of Derby, Mr. Hutton characteristically says, " It is not fhom 
personal acquaintance that I address you, for I never had the 
pleasure of seeing you ; — nor from a lurrative return ; I neither 
wish or want any : — but because you are the Chief Magistrate of 
an antient Borough which gave birth to those afifections which 
it now possesses. When 1 departed from the place, I did not 
depart from my esteem. Whenever I gain a sight of those turrets 
' over which you preside, it diffuses a sensation through the mind, 
like the discovery of an old acquaintance, in whose success 1 have 
been long and warmly interested. If asked why, in this Address, 
I do not comprehend the whole Corporate Body ? I answer, I 
cannot take the Head, without including the Members." 

In the Preface he obsen'cs, ^' I took up the pen at that period in 
which most Writers lay it down : I may be said to have set off upon 
my historical pursuits fi'om the vale of years, at a time when every 
declining year, like every minute of a declining sun, tells 6ve." 
Afterwaras, speaking of the* Rev. James Pilkington*s '' Present 
State of Derbyshire,*' he adds, *' I embrace this public mode of 
conveying my gratitude for the information he has given, and tbft 
trouble he has saved me. Had not he examined dusty charters 
and mouldy records, I must. A part of my knowledge is grafted 
upon his assiduity. Had his productions seen the light a little 
sooner, mine wovdd for ever have been hid. But when 1 first heard 
of his, thb work was too far advanced for the pride of an Author 
;to give up to destruction. Unknown in Derby, I stand dear 
of prejudice. When I silently wander from the extremity of St 
Mary^s Bridge to that of St. Peter's parish, without meeting one 
&ce that I know, 1 consider myself a stranger, at home 3 but, 
* though forgotten, I camiot forget. I beheld with concern th« 
buildings altered with-tHne j and reflect, with a sigh, that eveiy 
house hals changed its inhabitants -, and that I have to mourn a 
whole generation, l|ho are swept into the grave." 


Digitized by 



iiig its Situation, Air, Soil, Water, Streets, Build-* 
in^, and Government. With the illustricms Fa- 
milies that have inherited its Honours. ^Iso the 
IScciesiastical History, the Trade, Amusements^ 
Bemarksd^Ie Occurrences, the Eminent Men, with 
the adjacent Seats of the Gentry. Illustrated with 
Plates. By William Button*, F. A. S. S.^' 8vo. 

The copy-right of the " Histoiy of Derby" he presented to 
me soon after the following previous intimation : 

"Sir, Birmingham, Oct. 3, 1789. 

*' 1 am much inclined to write a History of Derby, as I 
am a native, and resided many years in the place. I am possessed 
of ▼arious materials, suid can have more. The work might be 
comprised in one volume octavo. Would it suit you, Sir, to be^ 
come the proprietor, or be concerned in such a work } As I am 
totally out of the business, it woulc^ n^t suit me to be the pub« 
lisher. You will know the exact measure of my abilities, or ra- 
ther the tools with which I wod^, by dipping into the Hbtory of 
Birmingham, the Court of Requests, &c. &c. — Mr. Rollason 
bought all my productions, and upon hb own terms, for as 1 did 
not write for bread, I was not solicitous about the price j the 
flame intercourse would have continued had not death prevented 
it. I am your humble servant, W. Hutton." 

*■ This respectable Veteran, who has litendly been the artificer 
of his own ample fortune, was bom Sept 30, 17^y in Full-street, 
Derby. He was sent, before he was five years old, to a poor day- 
school in that town ; and when he had attained his seventh year, 
was placed in the silk-mills, where he passed a mlseEBble period 
of seven years. Having lost his mother, and been cruelly treated 
by his master, he formed the resolution of seeldag his fortune. 
I^ssing, not without somie distress, throu^ Burton, Lichfield, 
Walsall, Birmingham, Coventry, Nim-£at(m, and Hinckley, in 
search of work, but in vain, he returned to Derby, and to his 
accustomed labour^. He had now acquired an inclination for 
reading ; and, having met ivlrh three volumes of the GentlemcaCi 
Magazine f contrived^ hi an awkward manner, to bind them him« 
sell^-a profession to which he afterwards applied himself with 
some success. He opened a shop at Southwell, at the rent of ^0». 
a year, with about twenty-shillings-worth of books ; and com- 
menced busine^ at Birmingham, in 1750, in half ashop, for which 
he paid a shilling a week. He soon after purchased the refuse 
of a Dissenting Minister's Library ; and from that period his af^ 
Ikirs began to wear a pleasant and promising aspect. At the end 
of the year, he had saved 20 pounds; and, being persuaded to take 
a house of 8^ a year, he soon carried on business on a larger scale > 
and secnred many valuable- and intimate friencbhips. In 1756, 
ke married Sanih Cock, the niece of a neighbour (Mr. Grace) ; 

H 2 by 

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. A Second Edition of ^^ A Charge delivered to the 

by. whom he had several children i and two of them, a son and 
a daughter, are still living, the comforts of his declining years. 
Mr. Hutton soon after opened a paper^warehouse, the first 
ever seen in Birmingham ; aSad, from a small beginning, follow- 
ing the business 40 years, and having realized a constdermbla 
fortune, he resigned the house, in 1793, to his son i and shortly 
after sustained a loss, which> at the distance of eight years, he 
thus feelingly lamented : 

To the Memory of the dear Girl, onee named Saeah Cock, 
who died Jan. ta, 1796. 

Sally, when thou first came over^ 

Not a smile upon me came ; 
I assum*d the feithful lover. 

Two hearts united in one fiame. 

During forty years possessing, 
Whooever thou approach'd my sight. 

My heart, as conscious of the blessing. 
Felt a ray of pure delight. 

Bty was to love united 

When came seventeen years of pain^ 
Thy drooping head my hand invited^ 

Which my dear could not sustain. 

When ill-natur'd Time bereft me 

Of thyself, the source of joy. 
Two dear treasures thou b^ueath*d me^ 

Dear as sight is to my ^re. 

O, I mourn the day I lost thee. 

As the year winds round its way. 
Many a sigh and tear thou cost me. 

Sorrow never sleeps a day. 

Gentle l^pirit ! can I find thee^ 

When the lamp of life shall cease$ 
To my anxious bosom bind thee 

Where thou long possess'd a place.** 

Mr. HuttoB took up the pen late in life; and his first publicadon 
was, *^ An History of Birmingham, to the End of the Year ITdO*"^ 
9v9, published in 1782 i and again» with considerable Addition^, 
in 17S3 ; a Third Edition, much augmented, and with new En- 
gravings of the Public Buildings, 1795; and a Fourth, with manj 
embellishments, is' now in contemplation. In 17S6 he pablisbecC 
** A Journey from Birmingham to London,*' 12mo ; and in the 
following year, *' Courts of Requests : their Nature, Utility, and 
Powers dncribed ; with a Variety of Cases determined in that oi^ 
Birmingham,'* 8vo ; in which he is a strenuous advocate for th« 
Courts. In 1788 Mr. Hutton published " The Battle of fiosworth 


Digitized by 



Clergy of the Diocese of Sarum^ at the Primaiy 

VlxM, between Richard the Third and Henry Earl of Rich- 
mond, Aogust 9li, 1485 ; wherein is described the Approach of 
both Annies, with Plans of the Battle, its Consequences, the. 
Fall, IVeatment, and Character of Ridiard. To which is pre- 
fixed, by way of Introduction, a History of his Life till he as- 
sumed the Regal Powers, 1788," 8to; re-published in 1813, 
with corrections by the Author -, and " Additional Particulars of 
the Battle of Bosworth Field,"- illustrated with sereial Plates, by 
Mr. Nichols. He published '' A Dissertation on Juries, with a 
Description of the Hundred Court, 1789,*' 8to. ; " A D^icription 
of Blackpool in Lancas h ire, frequented for Sea-bathing, 1789 (re- 
printed in 1804) >" and, after appearing as the Historiographer of 
the town of his residence, performed the same literary office to the 
town of his natirity, by publishing, in 1791, '' The Histoiy of 
Deri:^," 8to (see p. 98). The fanuhar but intelligent manner, 
pecuiiar to Mr. Hutton, is the distinguishing feature of both his 

Continuing his literary labours, Mr. Hutton next meditated a 
Ifistory of antient Ferulam, which he had more than once atten- 
tively explored ; and it is to be regretted that his exertions on 
that subject proved abortive. The progress he had made in it, 
and the recovery of a fine copy of " Chauncy's Hertfordshire," 
which I had lent him for that purpose, he thus describes : 
** Dear Six, Birmingham, May 5, 1799. 

^' Among jabmit a thousand-pounds-worth of Books which I - 
lost at the Riots, was the Second Volume of Gout's Camden. 
Is it in your power to &vour me with that Volume ? The late 
Bnhappy affidr has thrown me off every bias. I had made a 
oonnderaUe progress in the Antiquities of Ferulam, and with 
great pleasure to mvself. But the Manuscript was destroyed ; and, 
till matters are settled, I am not certain whether I dare resume it. 
I long for that tnm<|uil life which I have lost ^ a life of still pur- 
suit, that neither injures, nor is ii\)ured. Your " Hertfordshire" 
fell in the oommcm wreck-r-was recovered with about three 
thoosand-pounds^wsorth of property ; and, as I liad lost both my 
houses, troubljod my friencte for a repository. I never saw it till 
two days ago : it has not suffered, but I could scarcely handle it 
without a tear. By your leaye I will not return it just yet. W.H.'* 

In 17^ he pubU^hed " The Barbers -, or, the Road to Riches/* 
which was ^us introduced to ssy notios : 

''Dbax^jr, Jpril 19, 1793. 

**l iBfikneasmaH Poem, which you may dispose of as you please. 
Hie highest price I shall ask is, to give me 20 or 30 copies, to 
oblige my friends, if it takes. If it does not, I most assuredly 
will pay for them. I should have returned *'Hertfordthire,** which 
sfeeps in a drawer; but I wait for 7000i. from the Hundred, to 
enable me to go to London, and recruit a ruined Library 5 in 
wluch i^ase 1 shall have the pleasure of bringing it. 1 also long . 
br another view of that enchanted ground Ferulam, W. |{ " 


Digitized by 



Visitation of that Diocese, in the year I783, by 
Shute [Barrington] Lord Bishop of Sarum/* 8vo. 

In this Poein^ in doggrel rbyme^ he thus characterizes one of 
his early fnends : 

«« As judgement points the dearest way. 

So diUgence won*t let him stay ; 

ilius I solicited 'Squire Salte* 

A while in Birmingham to halt ; 

Knowing his talents, turn*d to trade. 

Would Tery soon a fortune made ; 

But he the future could divine. 

His eye saw clearer to than mine : 

He saw his powers would meet disgrace. 

If cut to fit this Httle place. 

London I the theatre of the world. 

Where the first talents are unfurl'd $ 

This was the |dace, in all the land. 

For mightiest powers to expand \ 

Where, in the Drapers* hackney*d trade, 

A hundred thoosiand pounds he made. 
** Had my friend found the loweti station. 

He would hare rose to elevation ; 

Or, if to Law he had acceded. 

In Westminster he would h^ve pleaded ; 

Or, had the C^ttrc^ engaged his tongue. 

The Laum had grac'd him ere *t was long ; 

If the Shcarp Sword had been his trade, 

A captiv*d enemy he 'd made." 
In 1794 he published '' Edgar and Elfiida, or the Pbwcr of 
Beauty >** 8vo. '^ Inclined to veiBe," he says, ** I wrote a Volume 
of Poems in early life, which slept peaceably upon my shdf with- 
out any addition, during forty years. Having a warm a£fection fbr 
Birmingham, where 1 had many friends, I wished to serve it in 
a public capacity to the best of my powers. Among other pur- 
suits, I spent much time, and more attention, in conduotiiig 
the Court of Requests, which, for nineteen years, chiefly de- 
volved upon myself. But, from the 14th of July, 1791, when the 
Bioters chose to amuse th^ooselves with the destruction of Ten 
Thousand Pounds worth of my Property, I ckclined public bu- 
siness. Thus / paid, instead of being paid for my labours. As I 
had never with design, or neglect, offended any man, the sor-- 
prize, the I069, the anxiety, the insults, the trouble, nearly 
brought me to the grave. Time, that able assistant in distress, 
lent his aid, and agaip expanded a capacious field for thoii^t. 
Lo^ to public life ; n^y Volume of Pbems being destroyed -, and 
as an active mind condemned to silence, becomes a burden to it- 
self 5 1 took up the poetical pen, and in nine months oompoaed 
two slender vohnnes. The following, which is a small part, is 
a most interesting anecdote in our own history, which, I believe, 
• Samuel Salts, Esq. of the Poultry } a truly woitby character. 


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^^ Short Remarks od a new Translation of Isaiah, 

1m8 been displayed by Mr. Mason, though I hmtt neier seen the 
work. W.H." 

His next publication^ '' The History of the Roman Wall, which 
crosses the Island of Britain, from the German Ocean to the 
Irish Sea ; describing its antient State, and its Appearance in the 
Year 1801/' he presented to me, with the following Letter: 
*' DxAX Fribno, Birmingham, Get. 6, 1801. 

" I inclose, for your perusal, * The History of the Roman 
Wall.' If ai^roved, you are welcome to the Work gratis, I 
wish it printed in Svo, upon the best paper, and with the best 
letter. It is about the size of ' llie History of Derby,* or per- 
liaps rather less. However, with the same letter, it will, IHie 
that, cover twenty sheets (3^0 pages), because there will be 
more and laiger breaks, particularly between the Stations. A 
bold type, ai^ open words, best suit Antiquarian eyes. As 
Plates (Nmament and promote the sale of a book, I could fiu^ 
nish you with five 8vo drawings firom Warburton's History of 
the Wall. The Purchaser ought to have a few pictures for his 
money, for I allow bat a few lines of letter-press. You will est* > 
ease the hberty 1 have taken in the Dedication. I am certain the 
public will exioue you ; and, I think, both, W. Huttom.'* 

That Dedication is too flattering to be here omkted : 

" Sis, I take the liberty, without ttoliciting your consent, to in- 
scribe this Work to you. Although your laborious and successfitl 
pen has embraced a County ^ you wiU not overlook a few rnutl^ 
fated Ditdies, and a broken Wall. It is characteristic of the 
spreadinfi^ Oak, to shelter the humble Bush. Whatever is worthy 
c^ remark^ will attract your eye. Though your humanity will feel 
tijft the antient animosity, the plunder, and murder, upon the 
Borders of the two respectable Nations ; yet you will re)6lce, 
that concord is established along the Line of the Wail ; and that, 
instead of rancour, robbery, burning, and blood, civilisation 
has not only taken place, but even generosity. You will also 
pardon the errors of the Work, for you know I was not bred to 
Letters ; but that the Battledore, at an age not exceeding six, 
was the last book I used at school. I am. Sir, respectfully, 

" Your obedient servant, W. Hutton." 

In the Introduction he says, '' Having had the pleasure of 
seeing many Antiques of various ages and people, it naturally 
excited a desire of proceeding in farther research $ and the eye, 
unsatisfied with seeing, induced a wish to see the gmeatest 
of an the curiosities teft us by the Romans, The Wall, the 
wonder&i and united works of Agricdla, Hadrian, and Se- 
verus. I consulted all the Authors I ccnild procure: which 
strengthened desire. But 1 found they were onhr echoes to each 
other. Many had written upon the subject ; but 1 conki dis- 
cover, that very few had even seen it, and not a soul had pene* 
trated from one end to the other. Besides, if those who paid a 
transient visit chc^ to ride, they could not be minute oblservers. 


Digitized by 



by a Layman ; with Notes supplementary to tiboae 

Poor Camden travelled it till he was frightened, ran awaj, and 
wrote hastily. Horsley was weary, and retreated ^ but wroDe 
more correctly. The judicious Warburton, whom I regard for 
bis veracity, rode on, iksisted, and then remarked, ' He believed 
he had trod upon gitAind which no foot had ever trodden since 
the Rcxnans.* He also transcribes Horsley,. whom Mr. Gough 
profoses to follow. I envied the people in the neigbbourhood 
o£ the Wall, though 1 knew they valued it no more than the 
soil on which it stood. I wished to converse with an intelligeat 
resident, but nev^ saw one. I determined to spend a month, 
and fifty guineas, in minutely examining the relicks of this first 
of all wonders 5 began to form my plan of operations, and wrote 
my sentiments to an eminent Printer in London, for whom I 
have a singular regard : but, receiving no answer, 1 gave up 
the design, and, as I thought, for ever ; destroyed my reoiarks; 
closed with regret aU my books of intelligence, and never durst 
open them, lest it should revive a strong inclination, which I 
could not gratify. About four years elapsed, when my fanalj 
agreed with a gentleman and his lady to visit the Lakes. Tbey 
unlisted me of the party 5 in which they found no difficulty, be- 
cause the temptation lay in the neighbourhood of that wonder 
which had Ions engaged my ideas. I have given a short sketdi 
of my approach to tins &mous Bulwark $ have described it as it 
appears in the present day, and slated my return. Perhaps/ 1 
am the first man that ever travelled the whole length of this 
Wall, and probably the last that ever will attempt it. WHo 
then will say, he has, like me, travelled it twice ? Old people 
are much inclined to accuse youth of their follies ; but on this 
bead silence will become me, lest 1 should be asked, * What 
can exceed the folly of that man, who, at seventy^eight, walked 
six hundred miles to see a shattered Wall I*. W. H." 

The title to Mr. Button's next publications vipcrc, *' Remarks 
upon North Wales -, being the Result of Sii^teen Tours through 
that P^rt of the Principality, 1803." '' The Scarborough Tour 
in 1803," printed in 1804. "Poems, chiefly Tales, 1804." Here 
he again observes, I" The hbtory of my poetical life is rather sin- 
gular. Love and Rhyme often start together in the career of youth I 
I held both in 1747. One half continued till 1752. During that 
period I composed a volume of Poems, which rested upon th^ 
shelf, and were scarcely ever opened for thirty-nine years. Nor 
did I vfxite one Poem in the long interval of forty. In the fieUal 
.year 1791, when the mad rioters, encouraged by those whe 
ought to have acted otherwise, found infinite pleasure in destrc^ 
ing more tWa ten thousand pounds worth of my property, my 
poor Poems perished in the flames. If the^ did not foel, their 
Author did. This loss, but chiefly withdrawing f^rom public . 
business, aw<^e the Muse, after sleeping a long age. A fow of 
the pieces in the beginning, dated 175«J, which remained upon 
IVi^niQiy, I h^ve in«i!rted."]~Tbe printing of this Volume ha 


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of Dr. Lowth, late Bishop of London, and contain* 

bad long had in contemplation. So fiir back as September 1799, 
in a L^er accompanying some articles for the Magazine, he 
•ays, ** I have thoughts of publishing, in some future titne, a 
Volume of Poems, provided there was a chance of their pleas* 
lag ; in which case, I should have no objection to give away the 
copy, and ten of twenty guineas vtrith it, provided it vnBs an ete- 
gant Edition ; but, as the World is judge of an Author*s merit, 
not himself, I wish to try the fortune of a Poem frequently in 
the Magazine. As a friend, please to fovour me with your inge- 
nuous sentiments upon this head. You know well, that as a g^xf 
coat, waistcoat, 'and breeches, is an excellent passport into the 
world fora Man, so is paper, print, and pictures, fora Book, W. H.'* 

Mr. Hutton*8 literary labours were closed in 181 1, by " A Trip 
to Coatham, a Watering-place in the North Extremiqr of York- 
shire}" written in 1808 (in his 86th year), and published in 
1810 ; in which he thus takes leave of his Readers : 

*' As this is, perhaps, the last time 1 shall appear before th« 
WoHd as an Author, allow me the liberty of exhibiting my per* 
Ibrmances in that character. I took up the pen, axid that with 
fear and trembhng, at the advanced age of 56, a period in 
whidi most Authors lay it down. I drove the quill thirty years, 
in which time I wrote and published ^^nfrie^n books,** 

Hr. Hutton is stUl living j and early in 1813 communicated 
some cofrecticms fbr the new Edition of one of his favourite 
Works. '* I paid a visit,*' he says, " in July 1807, to Bosworth 
Tldd ; but found so great an alteration since I saw it in 1788, 
that I was totally lost. The manor had been inclosed : thefonces 
were grown up ; and my prospect impeded. King Richard's 
WeU, which figures in our Histories, was nearly obliterated ; 
the swamp where he fsll become firm land} and the rivulet 
proceeding from it, lost in an imder-drain $ so that future in- 
spection is cut off." — In a subsequent Letter, dated April 13, 
181S, he says, ^' I have no other remarics to make upon my last 
-visit to Bosworth Field, than diose already commumcated to 
yoo ; but was pleased with your Additions to it** — He then pro- 
ceeds : ** You mention, in your History of Leicestershire, a hill 
eaUed Rifbin o* Tiptoe, in the parish of Tllton. Upon the sum- 
mit is a fortification, of an oblong square, which I take to be 
Danisb, containing about an acre. Tnere is one tree within the 
camp, in a state of great decay ; probably not less than a thou- 
sand years old s from this, 1 apprehend, the hill took its name. I 
purduMedthe hil],withothercontiguouslands, for 11,500/. W.H.** 

In the Sunxmer of the same year, I acquainted Mr. Hutton 
that I was about to reprint his '* History of the Roman Wall /* 
and received the following answer from his Daughter : 

'< Dbar Sib, Bennetts Hill, June ^, 1813. 

^ My Father is happy to find his ' Roman Wall* possesses suclt. 
i portion of your esteem a$ to engage you to re-print it. He 


Digitrzed by 


106 LITERAEY AKBCD0TK8 [}79l* 

ing Remarks on many Parts of his Translation and 

has nothing to add ou that aulject ) but I tnmscribe the cqpy 
of a letter of my own^ written aome yean ago to Mr. Pratt, 
who requested me to furnish him with some particulars of my 
Father*s journey. Though my letter was written without any 
idea of its being published, Mr. Pratt thouffht it contaia^ so 
feithful a picture of ray Father, that he awed, and obtained 
leave to insert it in his ' Harvest Home.' This, however, for 
some reason of his own, he declined doing ; and it is very much 
at your service, if you think it a proper appendage to your new 
edition of the ' lloman WaH.* My Father says, it tells him 
more of himself than he knew before, and has copied it into his 
Manuscript Life. I am, dear Sir, with great regaid, 
*' Yoiu" very grateful and obedient sei*vant. Cathebinb Huttou." 

In a subsequent Letter, Sept. 5, 1813, Miss Hutton says : 

*' I have looked over my Father's copy of The Roman Wall ; 
and send you here a transcript of some sdterations 1 find in his 
hand-writing, and his correction of the Map. 1 also send such 
verbal corrections as the Work appeared to me to require. — 
My Father becomes more infirm ; but is yet in health, and as 
much yours as when he was able to assure you of it himself. 
'* I am, with great regard, &c. C. Hutton.'* 

One of the Corrections thus communicated was the foltow- 
ing concluding paragraph : — '^ By easy marches I arrived^ at 
Birming^iam, August 7, 1801, after a loss, by perspiration, ol 
one stone of animal weight -, an expenditure of forty guineas; 
a lapse of thirty-five days -^ aiod a walk of six hundred and one 
miles. As so long and solitary a journey on foot was, periuqps, 
never wantonly undertaken by a man of seventy-eight, it has ex- 
cited the curiosity of the town : and causes me frequently to be 
f topt in the street, to ascertain the fact" 

in a Letter received whilst this Note was printing, July 18, 
1814, Miss Hutton says, '' There are frequent af>pliGatiotts for 
my Father's whole Works. He continues well ; but grows more 
infirm. He bids me present his kind remembrance to his long- 
respected Friend, with that of, dear Sir, 

*' Your very feithful humble servant, C. Hutton .*• 

The apprehensions of Mr. Hutton, that the famous WeU where 
Richard quenched his thirst will sink into oblivion, I am happy to 
observe, are totally done away, by the recent exertions of my pro- 
foundly learned Friend, the Rev. Dr. Parr ; by whose inde&ti- 
gability, intelligence, and erudition, the site of this memorable 
spot will be handed down to the latest posterity. — In a Letter €lated 
'' Hatton, Sept. 13, 1813,** which I use by hb express pennissisn. 
Dr. Parr says, ^' I hear you are going to. re-publish the History 
of Hinckley, and also some Work upon Bosworth Field. Piuy» 
my Friend, put down my name as a Subscriber. — I suppose that 
you knew Dr. Morres*, Vicar of Hinckley, as I did-, and 1 hspe. 

» Of whom see hereafter. 


Digitized by 



Notes. In a Letter to the Author *• By John Stui-^ 
ges-f-, LL. D. Chancellor of the Diocese of Win- 
that you Imve spoken of him as a liian of taste and great classical 
leamiDg. — As to BoswoithPield> i&ix or seven years a^o I explore 
if, and I found Dick*8 Well, out df which the tramtion b that 
Kchard drank during the Battle. It was in dirty > mossy ground, 
and seemed to me in danger of beitig destroyed by tb^ cattle. 
1 therefore bestirred myself to have it preserved, and to ascertain 
the owner. The Bishop of Down spoke to the Archbishop of Ar- 
magh, who said that the ground was not his. I then found it 
not to be Mrs. Pochin*s. Last year I traced it to a person to 
ixrhom it had been bequeathed by Dr. Taylor, formerly Rector 
of Bosworth. I went to the spot, accompanied by the Rev. 
Mr. Lynes, of Kirkby-Malory. The grounds had been drained. 
We dug in two or three places without efibct. I then applied 
to ia neighbouring Farmer, a good intelligent fellow. He told 
me his fkmily had drawn water from it for six or seven years, 
and that he would conduct me to the very place. I desired 
him to describe the signs. He said, there were some large 
dtones, and some square wood, which went round the Well at 
the top. We dug, and found things as he had described them j 
and, having ascertained the very spot, i^e rolled in the stones, 
and covered them with earth. Now Lord Wentworth, and some 
other Gentlemen, mfean to fence the place with some strong 
stones, and to put a large stone over it with an, inscription } 
and von may tell the story if you please ; and I will desire 
Mr. Lynes to send you the inscrij^on. 
*' &lieve me, dear Sir, with great respect, 

'' Your fiedthful friend, and obedient servant, S. Park/ 







II. «AL . SSrr . A . D. MCCCCLXXXV.'* 

* ** Hose who know with what ^cwa the new Translation of 
Isaiah, here referred to, by Michael Dodson, Esq. was made, 
and those who consider it merely as a new Translation, will be 
alike pleased with the candour and learning with which the Re- 
maiker examines it. Mr. Dodson returned an answer, couched 
in terms of equal candour and liberality, in a Letter to Dr. 
Stoiges, Ac." Mr- Gongh in Gent. Mag. doL LXIILp. 60. 

t This learned Divine was a native of Hampshire. His 
Father, the Rev. John Sturges, was a Prebendary of Winchester, 
and Rector of Wonston near that City; his Mother was Sister to 
Bp. Lowth. Their only child, John, was Fellow of New Coi- 
l<^,Qxf<M^5 M.A.I759; B. and D.C.L. by Royal mandate in 


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Chester^ and Chaplain in Ordinaiy to his Majesty.*" 

1783 ; Prebendary of Winchester and Chichester, and Chapbin 
in Onfinary to his Miyesty. He married Judith Bourne, sister 
of Francis Bourne P^, Esq. M. P. for the Univenity of Oxfonlj 
fiom whom the Bourne estate descends to his son, Wiiliam Stur- 

rs-Boume, Esq. sometime one of the Lords of the Treasury, 
second wife was sister to Bp. Buller, through whose interest 
with his &ther-in-law, Bp. Thomas, he obtained the valuable 
Rectory of Alverstoke, Hants, (resigning preferment of his own 
Chapter, which he might have held) } and the Chancellorshm of 
the Diocese of l^^cli^ter, in which he had been Official to 
Dr. J. Hoadly long before. Dr. Stuiges died ^t Alverstoke, 
Oct. 2, 1807. His publications are, '' A Letter to a Bishop, 
occasioned by the late Petitions to Parliament for Relief in the 
Matter of Subscription, 17T3 ;*' " Considerations on the State 
of the Church Efl^ablishment, 1779," 8vo, in *' Letters to the 
Right Rev. the Ixml Bishop of London,*' wherein he notices 
the '** Plan of Lectures on the Principles of Non-oonformity, 
by R Robinson;** and the manner in which it is written places its 
Author in a most creditable light, both as a sensible and a mo- 
demte man. In 1791 he wrote the above^noticed '' Short Re- 
marks on a new Translation of Isaiah,*' which were answered by 
Mr. Dodspn, and produced very &vourable testimonies to th« 
learning of the Doctor, and the candour of his Adversary. He 
DftKt piS>lished'' Discourses on the Evidences of Natural and Re- 
vealed Religion, 1792,** 8vo $ and in the same year a single Ser- 
mon, preached in Lambeth Chapel, firom Romans luL 4, 5, at 
the Consecration of Dr. Buller, Kshop of Exeter $ another, on 
Gratitude to God for the public Blessings of Rdigion. *' R^ec- 
tions on Popery," occasioned by Dr. Milner's '* History of Win- 
chester.*' Dr. Mihier had grossly insulted the memory of Bishop 
Hoadly, Patron of Dr. Sturges, by an unfounded assertion ' that 
his Monument served to undermine the Church when he was 
dead, as himadf had done when living.' Dr. Milner replied, in 
** Letters to a Prebendaxy," adding another assertion relating 
to Winchester College, which Dr. Stuiges, in an Appendix, 
proved to be erroneous in more than one particular. He published 
•Iso '' Thoughts on the Resklence of the Clergy, and the IVo- 
visions of the Statute of the Twenty-first Year of Henry VIII. 
c 13. 1802 ;" an excellent Pamphlet ; which produeec^ from a 
Member of a considerable College at Oxford, '* Observations on 
Dr. Sturges*s Pamphlet respecting Non-residence of the Clei^, 
in a Letter to Baron Masores -" a spirited Tract, in which the 
Author, with the greatest regard and respect for Dr. Sturges* 
completely differs from him in some of his opinions. 

The Family of Sturobs has produced so many eminent mera-t 
bers of the Established Church, that I shaU stand excused for 
nnentioning here two brothers of the first-named John Sturges. 
One of these, the B^v. Charles Sturges, W93 Fellow of Qiusen's 


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^' Sermons ; now first printed from the Origind 

CoU^ie, Gambricfger B. A. 1712; M.A. 1716 > B.D. 1735; 
Preb^idary of BAilton Manor in the Cathedral Church of Lin- 
coln; Rector of Qdingbury^ co. Northampton ; and for a short 
time of Glatton, co. Hiintiii^on. lie married Sarah> sister of 
Ambrose Isted, £sq. of Ecton in Northamptonshire; and died 
Fd). 5, 1745, aged 52. — ^A monument in Oriingbury Church has 
the jfoDowing inscription : 

" H. S. E. 

Carohis Stux]^, S. T. B. 

h^jus ISicdesise 

per octodedm annos fidelis Pastor> 

et Ecclesis Lincolniensis 


Obiit 5to die Februarii 1745, 

, Anno stads 52. 

On another is: 

ad latus Mariti quondam dilectissimi 

Sarah Sturges, vidua, 
nuper Caroli Stuiges, S.T.B. uxor, 
Thonue Isted de Ecton in hoc comitatu 
Obiit 18 die Januarii, 
anno Domini 1758, setatis 52. 
lipomas et Anna, In&ntes nuper mortui, 
juxta Patrem obdormuint.** 
Thomas Sturges, a third brother, nvas educated at Eton; ad- 
mitted of King's College, Cambridge, 1715; B. A. 1719; M.A. 
1723 ; Fellow of fton Cdlege, Jap. 14, 1746. He was Secre- 
tary to Dr. Green, l^shm) of Ely ; and presented by him, when 
BisJiop of Norwich, to Feversham and Uadstock in Cambridge- 
shire, and to Littkbury in Essex. He died in 1751. — ^The Pktron 
and Rdatlve of these three worthy and learned brothers had been 
Bp. Trimnell, of Lincoln and Winton. 

The Rev. Charles Stwges (son of Charles the Rector of Or- 
jii^bury) was some time Fellow of King's CoUc^, Cambridge ; 
B.A. 1762; M.A. 1765; inl76S,forashortttme, vicar of Kenton, 
fio. Devpn ; and of Ealing, co. Middlesex, from 1775 to 1797 ; in 
which year he was presented by Lord and Lady Mendip, and 
Mrs. D'Oyley, to the Rectory of St Luke, Chelsea ; near 42 years 
Vicar of St Mary's, Reading ; Prebendary of the Cathedral of 
St Paul, and of Netherbury in Terrk in that of Salisbury ; and 
Chaplain to his relation E^l Cadogan. He married Penelope, 
seocnod daughter of James Waller, Em. of Hurst, co. Berks, and 
niece of Dr. Terrick, Bishop of London, by whom he had six 
daughters ; the eldest married to the Rev. Moses Dodd, M. A. 
Ftebendary of Chkhester, and Rector of Fordham in the county 
of Essex i and two sons ; Richard, who died an infant, and 


Digitized by 



Manuscript of John Wallis^ D.D. flometime Savi- 

Charks. This exemplary Divine expired April 92, 180$> in the 
67th year of his age, alter only half an h6ur*8 illness, &om an 
apoplectic seizure, immediately hefore the hour of dinner, at 
the Rectory-house of Loddington, co. Northampton ; atnl his 
remains were interred in the Qiancd of that Church on the 2d 
of May, near to those of an only sister (who died Nov. W, 
1801, in the 60th year of her ace), Sarah, wife of the Her. 
Edward Jones, M. A. Rector of that F^h. His son Charles, 
who had been Fellow of IGng's College, and Curate to his father 
at Reading, died in 1801, nearly in the same sudden manner 
as his &ther, in the STth year of his age. — ^A small Tablet, with 
a short Inscription, has been erected to the father*s memory 
in his church at Reading 5 and one to the memory of the eoa 
at Broadwater in Sussex. 

Of Mr. Charles Sturges mention has been respectfully made 
in Mrs. Trimmer*s publication on the Sunday Schools of Old 
Brentford, a hamlet to Ealing; on his accession to which Vi- 
carage a Correspondent of Mr. Urban's ft-om Acton (vol. LVIIl. 
p. 110) mentioned, that Bp. Terrick, his Patron in that Pre- 
ferment, and in that of the Prebend of St. P^ul*s, said of him, 
that ''"he was one of the best Parish Priests he knew." Another 
Correspondent (for whose authority I can myself vouch) had 
occasion, in consequence of an illiberal attack on him in the 
Evangelical Magazine for January 1798 (Memoirs of his Prede- 
cessor, Mr. Cadogan), to observe (vol. LXVIII. p. 288) that 
'* the Rectory of Chelsea was ofiered to him, not merely because 
he stood, in the clerical line, the nearest in &mily connexion 
with the heirs of Sir Hans Sloane ; but because thev had known 
him for more than 20 years past in their neighbourhood ' on the 
Vicarage near town,' more than SO years near Cavcrsham, as 
Vicar of St. Mm^'s, Reading 5" adding farther, that " the pre- 
sent Bishop of I^iriiam collated him to a Prebend in the church 
of Salisbuiy, expressly on account of his character and conduct 
in that situation being so well known to his Lordship when his 

The late Dr. Loveday, in a Letter to Mr. Urban, says, " Mr. 
Coates, the ingenious Author of the '* History and Antiquitiet 
of Reading," was, for several years, the highly-esteemed Curate 
of Mr. Sturges, at Ealing ^ who is noticed in pp.100, 102, 
122, 137* of that valuable work ; fiom which it appears that 
he has a copy of Latin verses in the " Musae Etonenses* )" and 
another in the " Academise Cantabrigiensis Luctus," on the 
death of King George II. He also printed some papers on Con- 
firmation, with a Prayer. " Religion and Loyalty," a Sermon 
preached at Reading, 1792, and published at the request pf 'his 
P^uishioners. Mr. West's annual Charity Sermon, 17^4, to 
which is added an account of the Reading Girls* Charity School, 

• Edited by Mr. Herbert, brother to the Earl of Camarron. 


Digitized by 



litn Profefltor of Geometry in the University of Ox- 
ford^ Keeper of the Archiv^^ Member of the Royal 

1795. He was Treasurer of that School, and anxiously atten- 
tive to its welfare j and he was, iiuieed, ani eminently good 
Puisb Priest in every other respect. — In a miscellaneous vo- 
kine* reviewed in Gent. Bfag. vol. LXXVI. p. 145, an four Let- 
ters from him to Mr. Granew, fraught with cooununications 
which indicate the cheerfiu and communicative dispositiofi of 
the writer, who, in the last of them, strongly uiges him to apply 
for preferment in the Church. With a moderate share of such 
prefinment, however, Mr. Granger was, as he is truly styled ia 
IxMrd Holland's Letter to him, '' a very happy man." Hiid your 
Reviewer of the volume referred to, or had the Editor of i^ 
ken fully acquainted with his real character, his anxiety to ob- 
tain such preferment, and his servility to Horaoe WalpcJe, 
would n6t have been misreported by either. His friends, know- 
ing bis real worth, were cmxioui that it should be rewarded, 
aiki were constantly pcnnting out to him such prefSerments as he 
jniglit hold with the Vicarage of Shiplake ; but no anxiety ever 
appeansd in him to obtain them. Preferment was not his ob- 
jeirt, but information relative to his work : which Walpole was 
eminently qualified to impart, and which he most liberally im- 
parted. Surely the harsh term of sertility is totally inapplicable 
to the humbleness, simplicity, and openness, of the guileless 
Granger. Some striking lineaments in his character appeared 
in Gent. Mag. vol. XLVI. p. 313, which ought not to have escaped 
tbe notice of the Editor of his Letters."— Those '' striking linea- 
ments,** which had also been communicated by Dr. Loveday, shall 
bevebegiven. ''In your Magazine for May, I was greatly pleased 
wi& the due tribute of esteem paid, in p. 207, to the memory 
of the late Mr. Granger, who puUisbed a second edition of his 
instructive work last year, in fbar octavo volumes, whidi seems 
to bave escaped your notioe. It may not be amiss to add to the 
imperfect account already given of his death, that on the Sun- 
day after Easter (when the Sacrament in the Church of Ship- 
mA as well as on Easter Simday itself) he was seized with an 
i^lectic fit while at the communion-table there, after having 
^E»e through the service of the desk and pulpit as usual 3 and, 
notwithstanding every medical assistance, died early the next 
morning, Apcil 15. The time, place, and manner, of his death's 
stroke, whjch you justly stOe enviable, gave occasion to the 
following truly elegant reflection of a friend, well desei*ving 
to be recorded : 

* '* Letten bttween tbe Rev. Jamet Grander, M. A. Rector of ^hipUke, 
tod aiany of the nott eminent Literary Men of his time : composing* a 
copiottg Histoiy and Illustration of his Biopuphjcal History of England. 
With MisceUaniet, and Notes of Toars in France, Holland, and Spain, 
by the same Gentleman. Edited 1^ J. P. Malctdm, Author of Londiniuro 
fiediviTum, from tbe Ocirinals hi the possession of Mr. W. Richardson,'.' 


Digitized by 



Socie^, and Chaplain in Ordinary to Ring Charles 
IL» To which are prefixed, Memoirs of the Au- 
thor -f*, with some Original Anecdotes ; and a Re- 

' More bappjr end what saint e*er knew ! 

To whom like mercj shewn ! 
His Saviour's death in rapturous view. 

And unperceiT'd hb own.* 

As I was lately reading Mr. William Thompson's fine poem» ia< 
tuled^ ' Sickness/ printed in 1745, 4to. the following lines, 
which are in the Arst book, struck me as remarkably applicsbis 
to Mr. Granger, who was an acquaintance of the Author, by 
whom they are iq;)plied to Sir WiUiam CUtyton, fiart. ; but for 
lib name I have presumed to substitute that of Mr. Granger, 
and to alter the first words in the last line but one $ which, ai 
they stand in Thompson, are more adapted t# a British Senstof 
than to a person in private life : 

■■ * Murderous Apoplexy ! proud 

With the late spoils of Granger's honoured life : 
Gravobr, the good, the courteous, the humane) 
Tenacious of his purpose ; and his word 
Firm as the &bled throne of Grecian Jove. 
Be just, O Memory ! again recall 
Those looks illumin*d by his honest heart. 
That open fireedom, and that cheerful ease. 
The bounteous emanations of his soul : 
His thirst of knowledge ; Christian charity | 
And mild benevolence for human kind.' * 

Were it necessary to add any other description of Mr^ Granger^ 
P6pe*s well-known Epitaph upon Gay would fiiUy characterize 
him. He was, in short, what it was his highest ambition to be, 
' an honest man, and a good parish priest*.** 

* To this Volume is prefixed a Portrait of Dr. WalUs, finely 
copied byBasire from that drawn by Cipriani, for Mr. HolKs'i 
Edition of the Doctor's English Grammar. See voL II. p. 447* 
f The Memoirs, which are cotnous and original, were coffi' 
piled by Mr. WiUiam Wallis, his great-grandson, principally from 
the MSS. of his learned ancestor, who was bom at Thingdon in 
Northamptonshire, Nov. S3, 1616$ and i^eralong life, ex- 
tended beyond the age of S7» died Oct. 28, 1806, and was buried 
in the choir of St. Mary's church, at Oxford, where there is s 
handsome monument, with a brief inscription in Latin, of 
which the following is a Translation : 

" Here sleepeth John Wallu, S. T, P. Savilian Professor of 
Geometry, and Keeper of the Archives at Oxford, who left un- 
mortal Works. He died Oct. 28, A. D. 1703, aged 87. John 
Wallis, Esq. his Son and heir, of Sotmdess, in the County of 
Oxford, erected this Monument to his Memory." To this Volume 
is pi-efixed the fine Portrait of Dr. Wallis, noticed in vol. II. 447- 


Digitized by 



oommendatory Introduction^ by the Rev. Cbarkt 
Edward DeCoetlogon*, M. A." 8vo* 

* Soo. of the Cberalier Dennis De Coetlogoii> Knight of 
St. Lazare^ Memb^ of the Academy of Angers^ and AuthcM* of n 
Dictionaiy of Arts and Science9j published in 1740. The son 
imbibed the first principles of an excdlent education in Christ's 
Hosptal; whence he proceeded, with indications of subsequent 
worth, to Pembroke Hill, Cambridge j B. A, 1770 j M. A. 1773 j 
Coming into public life, Mr. De Co^ogon acquired and attached 
the particular patronage of the bte Earl of Dartmouth, and Sir 
Sidney Sta^Drd Smytne. Being appointed Assbtant Chaplain 
to the celebrated Martyn Madan at the Lock Hospital^ he soon 
became eminent as a popular Preacher, and published several 
nngle Sermons 5 '* Ine Divine Message; or, the most im- 
portant Thiths of Revelation represented, in a Sermon upon 
Judges iii. SO; designed as an Antidote to the dangerous 
and spreading Evils of Infidelity, Arianisro, and Immorality, 
177s,'* 8vo. ** National Prosperity and National fteligion 
inseparably connected, I777>'* Svo, " The Nature, Neces- 
sity, and Advantage^ of the Religious Observance of the Sab- 
bath, illustrated, &c. ; for the Encouragement of a Society for 
suppressing the Profanation of the Lord's Day, 1777/* 8V0. 
" Youth's Monitor J or the Death of Mr. John Parsons ; preached 
Aug. 17, 1777, at St. Sepulchre's," 8vo. " The Death of the 
Righteous a public Loss ; a Token of Respect to the Memory 
of the Right Hon. Sir Sidney Stafibrd Smjlhe, late Lord ChidF 
Baron of the Exchequer, and one of his Majesty's most Honour- 
able Privy Council, 1778," 8vo. *' A Seasonable Caution against 
the Abominations of the Church of Rome, 1779," l«mo. " The 
Scripture Doctrine of Grace explained, in a Commemoration 
Sermon upon the Conversion of St. Paul, 17H0,*' 8vo. ** Re- 
pentance and Remission of Sins in the Name of Jesus Illustrated; 
before the Sheriflfe of London, to about 3O0 Prisoners, of whom 
23 were under Sentence of Death, 17S4," 8vo. In 1789 
Mr. Alderman Pickett, on being elected Lord Mayor of Lon- 
don, appointed Mr. De Coetlogon his Chaplain ; and, in that 
capacity, he preached the ten following Sermons : *' The Test 
of Truth, Piety, and Allegiance : a Sermon delivered on the 
Day of Sacramental Qualification for the Chief Magistracy of the 
City of London, before the Right Hon. the Lord Mayor, the 
Aldermen, and Sheriffs j containing a Defence of the Test Act." 
*' Religion and LoNidty, the grand Support of the British Em- 
Itne: a Sermon delivered in the Cathedral of St. Pfeul, January 
30, 1790; before the Right Hon. the Lord Mayor, &c. &c, 
being the Anniversary of the Martyrdom of Kmg Charles I." 
" The Essential D^ity of the Messiah ; and the great Impor- 
tance of that Article of the Christian Faith to every conscientioua 
Member of the Church of England considered j in a Sermon 
preached in the Cache<|ral Church of St. Paul, Jan.S4, 1790, 

Vol. IX. I beinif 

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114 LITERAaY AM£CD0T£8. [1791- 

^^ An Analytical Essay on the Greek Language ; 

being the first Sunday in Hilary Term." *' Scriptural Views of 
the National Establishment, considered as the Church of the 
Living God, and as the Pillar and Ground of the Truth $ a Cha- 
rity ^rmon, preached before the Right Hon. the Lord Mayor, 
&c. &c. at the Opening of St. MichaeFs Church, on Sunday the 
^th of March, 1790, being Palm Sunday ; containing a lU)eral 
Defence of the Doctrines, Liturgy, and Ceremonies, of the 
Church of England.'* '' The Harmony between Religion and. 
Policy, or Divine and Human L^islation: a Sermon de- 
livered before the Right Hon. the Lord Mayor, Judges, &c. at 
St. Paul's Cathedral, on Sunday the 25th of April, 1790« bdog 
the first Sunday in Easter Term." *' The Surprize of Death : 
a Commemorative Sermon on the Character, Sufferings, and 
(Crucifixion of the Son of God, delivered in St. Paul's Cathe- 
dral, before the Right Hon. the Lord Mayor, &c. &c. April 2, 
1790, beii^ Good Friday." " National Gratitude for Provi- 
dential Goodness recommended, in a Sermon preached before 
the Right Hon. the Lord Mayor, &c. &c. May 29, 1790, beiiig 
the Anni\'ersary of the Restoration of King Charles U. ^ con- 
taining Strictures on the Reformation, Restoration, and Revo- 
lution." " The Tnie Citizen characterized : a Sermon delivered 
before the Right Hon. the Lord Mayor, &c. and the Liveries of 
the several Companies of the City, at the Parish Church of St 
Mary le Bow, Cheapside, September 29, 1790, being the Day of 
Election of the Chief Magisti-ate of th^ City of London." " God 
and the King ; a Sermon delivered in thft Cathedral Church of 
St. Paul, before the Right Hon. the Loid Mayor, 5cc. &c. Oct 
25, 1790, being the Anniversary of his Majesty's Accession to 
the Throne." •* Pious Memorials a Public Good; a Sermon 
, preached in St. Paul's CalhedraV before the Right Hon. the Lord 
Mayor, &c. &c. Nov. 5, 1790;" all which were published by 
order of the Courts of Aldennen and Common Council. Subse- 
quently collected into a volume, these Discourses, which had 
attracted much attention in the delivery of them, were greatly 
canvassed ; and they will be found almost equally pertinent to the 
present state of the British Empire, both Civil and Ecclesiastical. 
Mr. De Coetlc^on was soon after pi-eseuted to x\\e Rectory of 
Godstone in Surrey (vacant by the death of the /awoi/« Jolm 
Kidgell) 5 and has since published " The Grace of Christ in Re- 
demption, enforced as a Model of sublime Charity ; in a Ser- 
mon preached at St. Giles's, Cripplegate, on Sunday, Dec. 3, 
1793 ; and published by particular Desire, for the Benefit of 
the Spitalfields Weavcre, 1794." [The Design of this Discourse 
was, *' to add to a collection then making, and which was ren- 
dered necessary by the uncommon dissresses of more than 20,000 
objects, men, women, and children ; pining in a state of ex- 
treme want ; not arising from indiscretion, idleness, or profli* 
gacyi but from a defect in a partiadar branch of commerce.**] 
•* 'fte Life of the Just, exemplified in the Character of the late 

! ftcv. 

Digitized by 


1791J OF THE StCttTflBimi CEKTURY. 11$ 

by Richard Payne Knight^ Esq." 4to. 

Rev. W. Romaine, A. M. 1795.*'' The *' Pertraiture of the Christ 
tiaa Penitent/' in two voKiincs ; an excellent Tolume of '' Ser* 
moBs on the Fifty-first Psalm -;' " The Temple of Truth, 1800>" 
and "Studies adapted to.the Temple of Troth, 1809/* which 
were extended to three volumes. 

Not having seen Mr. De Coetlogon (with whom> when Lord 
Mayor^B Chaphdn, I had some occ&^ional intercourse) fbr nearly 
a quarter of a century, I feel much pleasure in transciibing the 
fi^owidg paragraph mm a recent publication : 

" Mr. De Coetlogon remains as a noble specimen of the ge^ 
HQine extemporary school. He stands* 
' As when of old some Orator renown'd 
In Athens, or tree Rome, where eloquence 
Flourished, since mute, to some great cause address'd. 
Stood in himself collected ; \i1iil^ each part. 
Motion, each act, won audience, ere the tongue.* Miltok. 
Nothing of person can be delineated more interesting than 
tbc figure of this Preacher. His height, form, manner, and 
gesture, all speak him ^reat. There is apostolical impressiveness 
in him. These requisites form, however, hb inferior worth. 
It is ' the pearl of great price/ which is found in him, that 
makes him all that he is. He knows nothing of a refined Reli- 
gion ; of the still modernising Theology of these times j of an 
^accommodated, and accommodating, scheme fbr the salvation 
of men. It is in the old way, through the old truth, that he 
pleads for life ! The powers of Mr, De Coetlogon are great. 
Whether he be estimated as to manner or naatter, — as to the 
gwat and high imporfance of what he says, — talents and learn-* 
mg he most unquestionably both possesses and exerts. It has 
been confidently^ rumoured, without denial, that the same able 
genhis bore its fiill share of contribution towards those classical 
citations which adorned the celebrated Pursuits of Literature, — 
a rumour that will not easily be discredited by any person who 
attentively peruses the Notes to his National Jubilee* Respect- 
ing Divinity, besides his Tracts and Sermons, the ophiions of 
Mr. De Coetlogon are explicitly avowed in the Theological Mis- 
cellany, in seven volumes, which was edited by him ; and may 
also be infJeiTcd from the manner in which he urged into notice 
tlie Treat ij?es of Pi*esldent Edwards, especially those on Original 
Sin, the Freedom of the Human Will, and his History of Re- 
demption." Onesimus, or the Pulpit, vol. 11, p. 57- 

* The classical and philosophical attainments of Mr. Knight 
have long been generally acknowledged j and his publications 
^ery generally known. Of the earliest of them. " A Disquisition 
on the Worship of Priapus, 17S6," with several Plates, as it 
'w never printed for sale, though copiously distributed, I shall 
not here enlarge. Thi Author himself would, perhaps, rather 
^h it to be suppressed. The '• Analytical Essay on the i^rcek 
^^aguage** displays considerable reading and learning. He 

i^ has 

Digitized by 


** Dido ; A Tragedy * : as it was performed at the 
Theatre Royal in Drury-Laae, witn universal Ap- 
plause* By Joseph Reed'f*, Author of the Re- 
gister Oflficej Tom Jones,** &c, &c. 

has since published *' The Lamlscapie, a Didactic Poeo^ iB 
Three Books, addressed to Uvedale Price, Egq. 1794," 4tO} 
" The Progress of Civil Society, 1796," 4toj and " An Analytical 
Inquiry into the Principles of Taste } an Answer to Mr. Buike, 
1805," 8vo. 'y which sold so rapidly that a Third Edition was 
printed in 1806. 

* The fete of this Tragedy is singular. It had been 6r9t per- 
formed, for the benefit of Mr. Holland, March 28, 1767> and 
twice afterwards ', when it was each time received with applause, 
Mrs. Yates performing Dido, and Mr. Powell iEneas. it was 
intended to have been revived in the ensuing season ; but, the 
Author and Manager disagreeing in some particulars, the copy 
was withdrawn. — It happened that I was in Bolt Ck>urt on the 
day when Mr. Henderson, the justly celebrated Actor, was first in- 
troduced to Dr. Johnson > and the conversation turning on Dr»- 
niatic subjects, Henderson asked the Doctor*8 opinion of Dido and 
its Author. — *' Sir," said Johnson, " I never did the man an 
injury j yet he would read his Tragedy to ine." 

This ill-feted Play continued in MS. tUl 1792, when it pasaed 
through the press, under the superintendance of Mr. Joseph 
Bltson, with the names of T. and J. Egerton in the Title-page. 
— Mr. John Palmer revived the Tragedy, for bis benefit, at 
Drury Lane, in the year 1797> under the title of ' The Queen of 
Carthage i* the part of Dido being perfbimed by Mrs^Siddons. 
In this state the Play remained, tm January 14, 1808 ; when it 
was completed, by prefixing a short Advertisement [see jthe next 
Note], and adding some pages of " Variations from the Au- 
thor's original MS. selected in 1792 by Mr. Ritson ;*' who stated 
'* that the Alterations were made by a Gentleman of the first 
eminence in the Literary World, to whom the Manuscript was 
submitted after the Authors death." The publication of the 
Tragedy was now formally announced to the Publick through the 
medium of Messrs. Longman and Co. ; and some copies were 
actually sent to the warehouse of those respectable BookseUersi 
not many days before nearly the whole impression was consumed 
by fire 5 after which the impressions thus accidentally preserved 
were all purchased by a Friend of the deceased Author. 

t The following is a copy of an Advertisement written by Mr. 
ftitson in 1792 : '' Mr. Joseph Reed was the second son of John 
Reed, of Stockton, in the Bishoprick of Durham, rope-maker; 
and was bom at that place in the month of March 1723. He 
0)llowed his fetber's profession at Stc^k^ till some time in 


Digitized by 



** Di8Coiir«e$ chiefly on the Evidences of Natu- 
ml and Revealed Religion. By John Sturges^ LL. IX 
Chancellor of the Diocese of Winchester,** 8vo. 

ITt^Ti hHmd he rtmoved to London, and settled in Sun-'Tttvem 
Fiekb, where he continued in business till the time of his death, 
wMch happened on the 15th of August, 1787. 

" He still the ttioral path-way tried. 

Reason, and not the Priest, his guide : 

All mental slaveiy disdaining, 

Parauii^ good, tpotti ill abstaming." St Ptter's Lodge, 
la 1750, he married Sarah, daughter of Mr. John Watson, of 
Stockton, flax-dresser, who died many years before him; and by 
whom he left issue John-Watson Reed, late of fily-place, Hol- 
bom, attorney at law, who died Jan. SI, 1790; Shakespeare, 
who sueeeeded him in his business; and Sarah, who married Gil«> 
. bert Wilson, and died his widow a few days before her brother. 

J. RiTSON." 

A long sedentary course of life, with little exercise, brought 
mi a disorder, which terminated Mr. Reed*8 life at the age of 64. 
He Was buried in BUnhiU Fields burying-ground ; and his pro- 
perty, which vifSB considerable, he left to be divided between his 
three survifin^ children in equal proportions. Mr. Reed's charac* 
terdeserves a few wovds, if uprightness and intc^ty have any 
dsim to the remembrance of mankind. In a life passed wita 
M> little variety, few opportunities present tlMnselvcs fosr the 
^lay of heroic virtues, the boru moU of life, as Dr. Johnson 
jiMly called them 5 yet one instance did occur, whidh we shafi 
vefete. At the time Mr. tleed resided at Stockton, and when he 
WM in BO very affluent circumstances, a person who had ao» 
quired about 120001. in the sea^service thought proper to leav« 
Um the wb(^ of his property. Mr. Reed, immediately on the 
teth of the Testator, setot for the next of kin ; and very gene- 
fotnly and disinterestedly relinquitihed the whole of the bequest 
to them. He was possessed of considerable genius, and, had 
he mixed more with the worid, would have made a better figure 
IS a Dramatic Writer. He had no small poition di humour, and, 
M fiur as his observation reached, he painted with accuracy. The 
teerit of invention wouki with great injustice be denied him. 
As a roan, his character was very amiable ; he was hospitable 
aad generous, kind and aflfectionate to his relations, frank and 
opra to his friends, charitable and humane to all. 

It was the intention of Mr. lUtson, if Death had not prevented 
Uro, to have ectited an octavo volume of '' Miscellanies by Joseph 
Keed ;'* of which the following were to have been the Contenu : 
1. " Madrigal and TruHetta, a Mock Tragedy." 51. <' The Rei. 
gifiter Office, a Farce.'* 8. The same, the second Edition. 
4. " Tom Jones, a Comic Opera." 5. " Dido, a Tragedy." 
^' ''The Retort Courteous; or, A oandtil Appeal to the Publick* 


Digitized by 


Il8 UTERAllY AN£CI>OTS» [t79t-^ 

^^ An Account of the Seals of the Kings, Rojral 
Burghs^ and Magnates of Scotland. By Thomas 

on tbe Conduct of Thomas Unley, Esq. Manager of Dmry Lane 
Theatre, to the Author of Dido. Containing original Letten 
and just Remarks on the Manager's arbitrary and indefensible 
Rejection of that Tragedy,* 8vo. 7. " An Epitaph on the Earl of 
Chatham." 8. '' St. Peter's Lodge, a s^o-comic legendary 
Tale." 9. '' A Rope's End for Hempen Monopolisu." 

Besides the above Articles, Mr. Joseph Reed was the Author 
of " A Poem, in imitation of the Scottish Dialect, on the Death 
of Mr. Pope," printed in the Gentleman's Magazine for August 
1744. '' The Superannuated Gallant, a Faroe, Newcastle, 1745.^ 
l^mo. *' A British Philippic ; inscribed to the Right Honour- 
able Earl Granville. London, 1756," 4to. *' A Sop in the Peoi 
for a Physical Critic : in a Letter to Dr. Smollett, occasioned bj 
a Criticism (in the Critical Review) on Madrigal and Trulletla. 
London, 1759," 8vo. A humourous account of his own Life, 
printed in the Universal Museum for 1764. '< The Tradesman's 
Companion ; or Tables, of Avoirdupois Weight, &c. LondoD, 
1762," 12mo. '' The Impostors ; or, a Cure for CroduUty ^ a 
Farce ;' acted for the benefit of Mr. Woodward, March 19, 1776, 
with an excellent Prologue; not printed. Several Tragedies, 
Comedies, and Farces, never acted or printed ; and a few unpub- 
lished Poems. Some iHinibers of '' The Monitor," a political 
paper, published in the Administration of the Earl of Bute. 
Letters, under the signature " Benedick," in D^nce of Mr. 
Garrick, on the pubhcation of Kenrick's " Love in the Sods,** 
printed originally in the Morning Chronicle, and afterward 
added to the fifth edition of that Poem. (See Mr. Stephen 
Jones's much improved Edition of the '< Biographia Draniatica.") 

Mr. John- Watson Reed, the son of Joseph, was a respectable 
Attorney, and a man of considerable learning. He was the in- 
timate friend of Mr. Baynes, Author of the Archseological Epistle 
(see vol. Vlll. p. 133) -, and, not long before his death, bad un« 
dertaken to publbh a curious Volume, from a MS. called by Mr. 
Strype '* The Record of Pontrfract," the earliest instance of the 
regiUar expences of a private femily presented to the publick, and 
of which he possessed a copy, under the title of '' Liber Hospicii 
Domini Thome Cbmitis Lancastrie, inceptus per Dominum Heot 
ricum de Lekestre a Crastino Sancti Michaelis Anno xii* usque 
Festum ejusdem Sancti Anno xiiio Regis Edward! Secundi." 
Of this Work 16 quarto pages were actoaJUy printed ; but, ifoxa 
the illness and death of Mr. Reed, it never proceeded beyond 
the fctate of a proof-sheet, of which 1 have a o^y ; and a specimen 
of it, the accompt of one week, may be seen in the ^* Illustrations 
of the Manners and Expences of antient Times in England," 
1797i p. ix. — «* To persons who are curious after the manners 
. and customs of former times," says Mr. Strype, '' it ^^y not 

• *. he 

Digitized by 



Aitle, Esq. F. R. S. and F. S, A. one of the Cura- 
tors of the British Museum, and Keeper of th^ 
Records in the Tower of London."* Folio. 

be disagreeable to give the following account of the grand 
manner in which the antient wealthy Nobility of England lived 
heretofore. It is the amount of the disbursements of that great 
Nobleman^ Thomas Earl of Lancaster, in his domestic ex- 
pences for one whole year, made out by Henry Leicester, his 
cofferer, 1313 ; at whidi time silver was at oiie shilling and 
eig^ht pence the ounce $ so that twelve ounces made a pound 
sterling. His total expence, therefore, in that yeai* amounted 
(in our money) to two and twenty thousand and seventy-eight 
pounds, seventeen shillings, and eight pence ; whence it is evi- 
dent that he must have had a prodigious estate ; especially when 
we consider the great disparity between the prices of provisions 
at that time and now : 

£. *• d. 

Charge of the pantry, buttery, and kitchin 3405. 

To 184 tons, 1 pipe, of red or claret vidne, and 

2 tons of white wine 104 17 6 

To grocery 180 17 

Toebarrdsofstuigeon 19 O 

To 6800 stock-fishes, so called, and for dried fishes 

of all sorts, as lings, haberdines, &c 41 6 7 

To 1714 pounds of wax, verraillion, and turpentine 314 7 4^ 
To 2319 pounds of tallow-candles for the household, 

and 1870of lights for Paris candles, called perchers 31 14 3 
To charge of the EarFs great hoi-ses and servants' ^ 

wages 486 4 3^ 

To linen for the Earl and his Chaplains, and for 

the pantry 43 I7 O 

To 129 dozen of parctunest, and ink 4 8 3| 

To 2 cloths of scarlet for the Earl's use \ one*of 
russet for the Bishop of Anjou \ 70 of blue for 
the KxMghts ; 28 for the Esquires ; 15 of medley 
for the Clerks \ 15 for the Officers ^ 19 for the 
Grooms ; 5 for the Archers ; 4 for the Minstrels 
and Carpenters ; with th^ sharing and carriage 

fcnr the Earls liveries at Christinas 460 1,5 

To 7 ftirs of variable miniver, ojr powdered ermine, 
7 hoods of purple, 3S|5 furs of budge, for the 
fiveries of Barons, Knights, and Clerks ^ 123 furs 
of lamb, bought at Cl^istmas, for the Esquires 147 17 3 
To 63 safifh>n-colourcd cloths for the Barons and 
Knights in siunmer ; 12 red cloths for the Clerks 3 
26 ray-ek)tbs fur the Esquires j 1 for the Officers ; 

and 4 my-clotjhs for carpets in the ball 345 13 S 


Digitized by 



'' A Sketch of the Rights of Boys and Girls. By 
l^auncelot Light, of Westminster School ; and 1L»^ 
titia Lookabout, of Queen's Square, Bloonisbury. 
Part the First*." 8vo. 

To 100 pieces of green silk for the Knights ; 14 
liadge fuTs'for surcoats ; 13 hoods of budge f6r 
Clerics ; 15 furs of lambs for Hteries in summer, 

with cam^as and cords to truss them 7% 19 O 

To saddles for the Lord's summer liveries 51 6 8 

To 1 saddle for the Earl, of the Prince's arms « O O 

To several items {the particulars defaced] Wl 14 1 J 

To horses lost in the service of the Eari 8 6 8 

To fees paid to Earb, Barons, Knights, and Esquires 623 15 5 
To gifts to Knights of France, the Queen of Eng- 
land's Nurses, to the Countess of Warren, Es- 
quires, Minstrels, Messengers, and Riders .... 92 14 d- 
To 16S yards of russet cloth, and 24 coats for poor 
men, with money given the poor cm Maundj- 

Thm-sday 8 16 T 

1*0 24 sHirer dishes 5 24 saucers j 24 cups j 1 pair 
of Pater-nosters ; 1 silver coflferj all boi^ht 

this year 103 5 6 

To divers Messengers about the Earl's husiness ... 34 19 8 

To sundry things in the Earl's chamber 5 O O 

To several old debts paid this year 88 16 Oj 

The expences of the Countess at Pickering, in the 

pantry, buttery, kitchen, &c 285 IS 4{ 

In wine, wax, spices, cloths, furs, &c. fcr the 

Countess's wardrobe 154 7 4j 

Total, jg.7957 13 4J 
* This is a playful Essay by a first-rate Scholar, who is 
elsewhere noticed in this Volume 5 but whose name I shall 
not bring forward on so trifling an occasion; though the j€i# 
d^esprit was well timed, and ably executed. — " Paine's Righti of 
Man, and Miss Woolstonecraft's Rights of Woman, are here as- 
sailed with the light weapons of ridicule : Launcelot Light man- 
fully asserts the rights of Boykind, and L^titia Lookabout those 
of Oirlkmd, The irony is for some time well sustained : but 
the Author, losing sight of the chai-acters which he has under- 
taken to personate, makes the boy at Westminster School, and 
the girl at Queen Square, as learned as himself. Launcelot not 
. only talks of having periised Plato, Aristotle, and Bellendenus, 
but of having collated MSS. and acqidred some knowledge of 
Philosophy ; yet he is made to say, that two hours a day, fcH* 
three days in a week, are very adequate to study. Miss Leetitia, 
though not quite so erudite, talks of her datum and her in limine. 
The subject afibrded scope for much excellent irony ; and there 


Digitized by 



^' Four Hundred Texts of Holy ScriptuM, witb 
the corresponding Passages, explained to the Un- 
derstandings of common reopfe, arranged under the 
several Heads : Texts which appear contradictory. 
Not to be understood literally. Improperly trans- 
lated. Better translated otherwise. Requiring Ex- 
planation. The Parables. The whole compiled 
with a View to promote Religious Knowledge, and 
to facilitate the Reading of the Divine Writings. 
By Oliver St. John Cooper*, M. A. Vicar of Thur- 

«re some parts of Miss Woolstonecraft's book« in particular, 
which may be thought to provoke this species of ridicule. We 
wish the Author had kept up the irony with more success } for 
though we do not think ridicule to be the test of truths we al- 
ways wish to be able to enjoy a hearty laugh with these pleasant 
fellows called laughing Philosophers.** M. Rev. N. S. IX. 353. 

* Son of the lUv. Oliver St.-John Cooper and Judith his wifie, 
one of the daughters of Thomas Orlebar, Gent, brother of Richard 
Qrlebar, Esq. of Hinwick Hall, in the Parish of Puddington in 
^edlbrdslure. He was born at Milton ^mess in that County, 
and baptized July 26, 1741, his &ther bemg then Curate of MU- 
ton, and afterwards Rector of Tilbrook near Kimbolton. He 
received the first rudiments of his education at the school of Dean, 
a Village in that County ; afterwards went to the school of New 
College, Oxford, and in due time was admitted of that College 
as Bible Clerk, and became A. B. in that University 1761. He 
took the degree of M. A. at Cambridge in 1784> having entered 
hinoself of t»idaey Sussex College tliere. He was for a consider- 
able time a Curate at Wisbeach in Cambridgeshire -, after which> 
in 1766, he was presented to the Vicarage of Puddington, on the 
presentation of his relation, Richard Orlebar, Esq. one of the 
Clerks of the Privy Council ; and to the Vicarage of Thurl(*igh, 
on the death of Robert Laroque, Clerk, in 1784, by Susanna 
Ciawley> John Crawley, Susanna Crawley, Junior, Samuel 
Crawl^, and Thomas Halsey, having been previously appointed 
one of the domestic Chaplains to G«rtrude Duchess Dowager of 
Bedford, Oct. 5, 1784 3 his Dispensation and Letters Patent 
bearing date in the same month. When he resided at Thurleigh, 
he was for a considerable time Curate of Milton Erness. He 
married for his first wife Miss Pickering, of Puddington, by 
whom he had a son John, now an eminent Surgeoq in Kent, and 
another child, which died -, this vnfe lived but a few years. The 
•vecond wife, now living {1814), was , one of the daugh- 
ters of Thomas Cockman, Esq. of Woolaston in Northampton- 
shire, by whom he had the six following children — Mary-Anne, 
foffluel, Lettice-Stfslohn, Oliver-St.-John, another Ohver-St.- 


Digitized by 



kigh and Puddington^ in the Count/ of Bedford-* .'' 

John, and Cbarles-William. He died at Thurleigh, May 3, 1801^ 
afters^ shoit illness 5 and was buried by his first wife, on the 8th 
of the same month, at Puddington, by his particular desire. — 
Mr. Cooper was related to the Lords St. John of Bletaoe, hia 
grand&ther, SamuelCooper, of Famborough, Gent, having mar- 
ried Barbara, daughter of Oliver-St.-John (third son of Sir OU- 
ver-St.-John, the first Baronet of that name, and uncle to Pau- 
let the seventh Lord St.-John). He was a diligent and an esteemed 
.Preacher, and was ever remarkably attentive to the sick, to whom, 
with reiterated spiritual advice, he commonly gave medical ; his 
knowledge of Physic being equal to that of many of the profession ; 
insomuch that he had offers of proper certificates to enable him to 
receive a Doctor's degree from Edinburgh . He kept a medicinal 
chest, and gave liberally, not only medicine, but advice to, and 
attendance on, the neighbouring poor. Besides his knowledge 
*of Antiquities, he was well versed in Heraldry ; in which, by hb 
Works, it appears he took much pleasure. Sometimes, also, he 
amused himself with Musick. He was in behaviour affable, by 
'disposition generous and humane, charitable above what 
•worldly pnidience in the time he lived could well justify, consr- 
dering the mediocrity of his income and his large family, kind 
to his relatives, and steady in friendship, and to his servants a 
truly considerate master. — He published, in the BiblicHheca 
Topographica Britannica, three Bedfordshire parishes, Pudding- 
ton (of which he was Vicar) 17S3 ; Wimmington (where he had 
been some time Curate) 1785 j and Odell 1787. He was the 
. Author of " Four Hundred Texts of Holy Scripture," &c. (as 
above) 1792 5 a very sensible anonymous Letter to the Bbhop 
of Lincoln, intitulai '* Reflections on the Cruelty of inclosing 
Common Field Lands, particularly as it affects the Church and 
Poor, 1796 ;" and after his death was published, in 1806, his 
f Manual of Orthodox Divinity 5" which was printed by the 
£ndeavour Society, who purchased the copy for a small sum. 
Hie unpublished Works are, the Histories of Bromham and Tur- 
vey, in Bedfordshire, both almost fit for the Press ; and about 
IS thin volumes of Collections relating to that County ; two 
books respecting general History ; and a considerable quantity 
of loose papers ; all which are now, by purchase, in the pos- 
aession of the Rev. Thomas Orlebar Marsh, Vicar of Stevington, 
and F. L. S. of Fulmersham House, Bedfordshire. 

* *' The design of this good Parish Priest, whom we have had 
occasion to celebrate for his antiquarian researches, cannot be 
enough commended 3 and, we can add, his execution is equal 
to his design. We heartily recommend this compilation to 
* the many thousands of Christians,* who, we (with Mr. Cooper) 
' hope and trust, seriously and devoutly apply themselves to im- 
der^anding the will of God from his written word'." 

i^ent. Mag. LXIL 842. 

Digitized by 



^^Hawkherst; a Sketch* of its History and Anti- 

Sities, upon the Plan suggested in the Gentleman*! 
a^zine for procuring Parochial Histories through** 
out England -f>** 4to. 

* By David Jennings^ Esq. of Hawkberst, and of Fenchiircb 
Street ^ long known and highly valued by his Fellow Citizens, 
for his actiTe zeal, and the strictest integrity, in public situa- 
tioDS of great responsibility ; particularly as Chairman of the 
Land and Assessed Taxes for the City of London, and a Special 
Coouniasioner of the Property Tax. In these several situations, 
his conduct has been uniformly and equaUy firm to the just de« 
mands of Government^ and lenient to the hir and equitable 
claims of indulgence to Individuals. Under the severed Com- 
missions above named> the City pays above a million annually in 
dhcct Taxes } and to the credit of the Commissioners it may be 
stated, that no default has taken place in the Collection, which 
in some districts is obliged to be supplied by re-assessments on 
the inhabitants. — Hall-house, in this parish, for two cen- 
turies in the femily of Mercer, came by purchase in X6GQ, into 
the possession of Nathaniel CoUyer, Esq. , and from him to his 
grandson Dr. Nathaniel Lardnerj who, dying unmarried, be- 
qoeatbed ins property at Hawkherst to his sister s daughter and 
ber husband^ Mr. Joseph Jennings ; by whose son> the Historian 
of the Parish, it is at present possessed. 

t This el^ant Local Tract being now exceedingly scarce> 
I shall take from it two short extracts : 

" An oval marble tablet has lately been erected, on the orna- 
mental part of which it is sufficient to observe, that it is exe- 
cuted by the first Staiuary of the age. Bacon. On tht upper 
part of the oval is a Bible, open at the first page of the New 
Testament, surrounded by rays of light, with the motto itin- 
ning through it, ' God said. Let there be light, and there was 
light.' Am on a black marble in the centre -, 
' Nathaniel Lardner, D. D. 
Drew lus first and latest breath at Hall House, in thb Parish* 
Benevolent as a Gentleman, 
indefatigable as a Scholar, 
exemplary as a Minister, 
wherever be resided. 
His Usefiikiess was prolonged to his 86th year ; 
having established the Historical Credibility 
of the Records of our common Salvation, 
without partiality, and beyond reply, 
their promises became his eternal inheritance, 

JulySi 1768. 

From reverence to the memory of his Uncle, 

these truths were inscribed by David Jennings, 1789.** 


Digitized by 


194 UTERART ANBC»0»S . [l^793* 

^^ Swtish Poems, reprinted from scarce Ecfitions. 
Collectjed by John Pinkerton, F. S. A, Pferth *, &c.*? 

^^ Modern Britons, and Spring in London," bj 
the Rev. Thomas Monro. 

" A Letter to Charles Bonner, Esq. Deputy 
Comptroller of the Post-Office, by Philip Thickr 
nesBe-f"," 8vo. 

** An Historical and Picturesque Description of 
the County of NiceiJ:.** Imperial Folio. 

*' It were unjust," Mr. Jennli^ observes, " to quit the acr 
count of this Fiirish without a tribute to the memory of Mr. 
Thomas Redford> a respectable inhabitant. He was a man of 
strong natural understanding, and had by constant appIicatioQ 
acquired much knowledge; as the information he possessed* 
however, was all his own attsunment> he had often formed sen- 
timents that were peculiar^ and which increased acquaintance 
with science, and commerce with the world, sometimes com- 
pelled him to alter. He was for many years assistant to the 
Keceiver-general of the County ^ and his unceasing punctuality 
Bad strict integrity recommended him to be Agent to several 
Noblemen and Gentlemen who had estates in the neighbour- 
hood, and who did not reside ; in this capacity, his letters were 
always well written, and a proc^ how much superior native good 
sense is to unmeaning civility and paiBde. He was occasionally 
an anonymous writer in the Gentleman's Magazine, and his style 
and character are sufficiently marked to those who were ac- 
quainted with him. A Disquisition on Spiders darting their 
Webs was one of his^ul^ects of controversy, in which, like numy 
theorists^ he maintained the impossibility of the feet till expe- 
rienee had convinced him of the fedlacy of his principle. He 
died, after a long and painful illness, October 1774, at the age 
of 67. Such a man was truly the ornament of his native village. 

* " With laudable zeal has the Scotish Nation lately rescued 
from oblivion a ^reat number of those Poets who illustrated the 
dawn of their Literature. Among their Printers, the Morisons 
of Perth have deserved well of the Publick, by elegant pocket 
editions of Dimbar, and other versifiers, whose works merited 
preservation ; and among their Editors none more than Mr. 
Pinkerton seems industriously to have search^ and wisely to 
have gleaned among their remnants of antiquity. We hav4 
already followed him through three similar publications." 

M. Reo, K S. XL 17«. 

t Of whom see an account in the *' Essays and Illustrations.** 

X *' This elegant and splendid production gives a very satisfac- 
tory and pleasing description of thib part of the Continental terri- 
tory of his Sardinian Majesty. The plates consist of twelve views, 


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>7fi3-] ^P THA BIGHTjBEinrH CStfTURY. Ulf 

*' A Sermon pieached «t Park Stroet Cbapdii 
on April 19, 179S3 being the Day appointed for a 
general Fast, By James Scott*, D. D. late Fellow 
of Trinity Coll^, Cambridge/* 4to. 

whkrh are lery neatly engraved, and remarkably well colotD^ed; 
and'tbe romantic and pleasant appearances, which they afford, 
are admirably adapted to tempt the beholder to visit the scenes 
themselves, which are the substances vvhence these beautiM 
diadows are reflected." M, Rev. N. S, X. 308. 

♦ James Scott, of Trinity College, Cambridge; B. A. 1757; 
M.A. 1760; B. D. 1708; D. D. 1775; a celebrated public 
Preacher at Cambridge, and well known in the days of Wilke$ 
ond Liberty as Writer of the Political Letters ui the Public Ad- 
vertixer signed AntUS^anus, In 1760 he far outstripped his com- 
petitors for the Seatonian prize, in a Poem which was published 
under the title of '* Heaven ;" and afterwards printed *' Odes on 
several Subjects, 1761,** 4to; a Spousal Hymn ; or, an Address 
to his Majesty, on his Marriage, 1761,** 4to; " Purity of Heart, 
a Moral Epistle,** which gained the Author a second Seatonian 
Prize i *' An Hymn to Repentance, .176^>" a third Prize Poem. 
In 1763 he published ^ The Redemption, a Monody ;** written 
tor the Seatonian prize, but rejected ; and, in the same year^ 
"Every Man the Architect of hisownFortune; or, the Art of Rising 
in the Church, a Satire ;** in which he thus describes himself: 

'* No sly Fanatic, no Enthusiast wiU, 

No Party-tool belling and beguiled ; 

No slave to pride, no canting pimp to power. 

No rigid Churchman, no Dissenter sour» 

No fawning Flatterer to the base and vain. 

No timist vile, or worshiper of gain ; 

When gay not dissolute, mve not severe, 

Tho* learrCd no pedant, civil tho* sincere ; 

Nor mean nor haughty, be one Preacher*8 praise* 

That — ^if he rise, he rise by manly ways : 

Yes, he abhors each sordid, selfish view. 

And dreads the paths your men of art pursi^e." 

In 1771» through the friendship of the Earl of Sandwich, he. 
wftB presented by the Governors of Greenwich Hospital to the 
Rectory of Symondsbume, in the County of Northumberland ; 
m Rectory of such magnitude and value, that, on the next pre- 
KDication, it is intended to be divided into four, or, perhaps, 
into six, distinct benefices, each of which will be a very acceptabfe 
preienBeDt to the Divine who may be so fortunate as to obtain it. 

In the line of his profession Dr. Scott has been distinguished 
by several elegant Discouraes. *' How far a Dependance, and a 
£eiise of Gratitude, should influence our Conduct ; a Sermon 
preached before the University of Cambridge, Jan. I. 1764." ''A 


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" De Legione Manliana, Quaestio ex Livio dc- 
tumpta, et Rei Militaris Romans rtudiosis j^x)* 
posita^ Auctore Gulielmo Vincent*." 

Sermon at the Visitation at Wakefield, July 25> 1769 i*^ whick 
produced a Pamphlet called '' Remarks/' &c. censuring the 
Preacher for havu^ entertained his audience with a poUtical de- 
clamation, " A Farewell Sermon at Trinity Church> Leeds^ 
Nov. 5, 1769/* ' " Bethesda, or the House of Mercy ; a Ser- 
mon preached at the Parish Church of St. Nicholas, in New- 
castle upon Tyne, July 26, 1777> before the Governors of the 
Infirmary.** '* A Sermon preached at York, on the 29th ct 
March, 1780, for the Benefit of the Lunatic Asylum i*' and ''A 
Sermon preached at York, 1781. " 

* This very learned and venerable Divine is the immediate 
descendant of a &mily long known and respected at Shepey ia 
Leicestershire, and memorable for having produced a con-* 
siderable number of ornaments in the Church j some of whom 
shall here be noticed : 1. William Vincent, bom in I664> was a 
Student of Emanuel College, Cambridge -, £. A. 1684 > Rector 
of IbstQck about 1699 ; but ^ected as a Nonjuror. He was 
called Blofferby H'ill, from his residence at Blackfordby (com- 
monly now named Blofierby), a hamlet of Ashby de la Zouch, 
and probably officiating in the Chapel there after his ejectment 
from the Rectory of Ibstock. He resided for some time at Ra- 
▼enston, in that neighbourhood, where he was manied Aug. 
24, 1714 ; and died at Shepey in December 1740, set. 70. A 
respectable Friend, now living, says, " I have heard that he was 
a worthy man, and nominated by the Pretender to a Bbhoprick. 
No wonder that he was a Nonjuror 5 for the whole &mily were 
high Tories, not to say Jacobites, and so at that time was nearly 
the whole County. His daughter Anne Ridley and her husband 
I remember : Anne I saw in extreme old age in 1794 ; and be- 
fore that at Shepey in 1757> when 1 heard her talk of her father 
William." — ^2. George Vincent, bom in 1660, Student of Emanuel 
College; B.A. I68O5 M. A. 1684 ; Rector of the South medie^ 
of Shejiey 1686 ; died I707. — 3. John Vincent, of Emanuel Col- 
lege; B.A. 1699; M.A. 1703; Vicar of Croxton Kyriel, died Sept. 
26, 1713, set. ?5. — i. William Vincent, born in 1672; Rector of 
Kibworth 1705 ; died Jan. 12, 1740-1, aet. 70. He had two sonsj 
Richard, who succeeded him as Rector of Kibworth ; and Silves- 
ter, of whom hereafter. — 5. Williain Vincent, of Emamiel Col- 
lege; LL.B. 1709; Rector of Shepey mo ; buried Dec. 27, 1740. 
. He married, first, Hannah Thompson ; of whom the following 
particulars were communicated by the Dean of Westminster : 
She was of a family at Loughton in Buckinghamshire (near Stony 
Stratford) ; between which family andf my father there was a very 
close connexion. William Thompson, Rector of Cosgrave, left 
to my &ther lands at Pottersperry and Loughton. T^e land at 


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*' A Sermon preached before the Lords Spiritual 
and Temporal m ithe Abbey Church of St. Peter, 
Westminster, January 30th, 1793 ; being the An* 
niversary of the Martyrdom of King Charles the 

Loughton was intended for me, as godson to William Thomp-' 
tun ; but was swept away in the wreck of my father s fortune, 
after the earthquake at Lisboni in which my brother was de- 
stroyed, and the concern entrusted to him by my father ruined. 
Th^was, howe\*er, no bankruptcy; and every creditor was 
paid to the f ulL My education was continued at Cambridge by my • 
elder brother, and I had the satis&ction of re-paying him. W.V.** 
Mr, William Vincent married, secondly, Hannah Reynolds, 
of New House Grange. — 6. SiWester Vincent, of £manuel 
College; B. A. 1736; M.A. and Rector of Shepey 1741: died 
17S8, aged about 41. " This gentleman married Hannah Rey- 
nolds, the widow of his predecessor, for the purpose, probably^ 
of obtainyig the living, or keeping it in the family. He was a 
truly honest and worthy man, a father to his wife's -daughters, 
and bebved by them as a father. The daughters had land, and 
did not want assistance of this sort from him ; and, as he had 
little or no property of hb own, his manner of life was propor- 
tionate to the fiiU value of the living. I knew him well -, and 
t more respectable man was not in the country. W. V.** — 
7. Richard Vincent, brother of the last-mentioned William, 
FeUow of Trinity College, Cambridge^ B.A. 17I6; M.A. 17«0j 
Rector of Dcmamore, or Castle Caulfield, in the Diocese of 
Armagh. — 8. Mr. Giles Vincent, a younger brother of William 
and Richard^ was a Packer, and Portugal Merchant ; Deputy 
of lime Street Ward 1738. " He was a most laborious and 
industrious man, who made a fortune under the Spanish and 
Portugal merchants as a Pteker; but, from the ambition of 
becoming a Portu^l merchant himself, he experienced, first, 
a great kiss by the failure of his principal Corespondent at 
LuiixML Still, however, intent upon the same object, he ar- 
ticled his second son, Giles Vincent, to a commercial house 
in that city, whom he afterwards settled at a small Port about 
^ leagues North of Lisbon, called St. Martinho. The plan 
was good, and promised success, and my brother a steady 
mao } but he happened to arrive at Lisbon with a remittance 
for England the very night before the Earthquake in 1755, and 
was killed the next mQming. The concern would have l>eea 
niined by this circumstance : but, added to tbis, a vessel whicA 
my fhthor had built expressly f[>r this trade was run away with 
by the crew, consisting of Foreigners 5 and the Master and his 
•on, the only Englishmen on board, murdered. This stroke 
was fetal. The winding-up of the little that was left was com- 
mitted to the house of Mayne at Lisbon, who managed it with 
Iwnour ; but it was not concluded tiU near SO years after, when 


Digitized by 



First With an Appendix, concerning the poli- 
timil Principles of Calvin. By Samuel Ix)rd Bishop 
of St. David's-*' 4to. 

there was a final remittance of less than 500Z. My &ther went 
out of business, and died at Hammersoiith Sept. 31, )764, at the 
a^ of 70 or 71 ; but my eldest brother stood his ground as a 
Fadfier, and was the stay of the family. That trade, however^ 
wbich was one of the best in London, dedtned so fiist, that, 
though he enjoyed the connexions of three or four houses all 
centered in him, he died a few years ago, respected and in ere* 
dit, but never enriched by it. W. V." 

William Vincent, the fifth and only surviving son of the 
Deputy, was bom Nov. 2, 1739. Being intended for the Church, 
of which his Luther was a very orthodox and zealous member, he 
was sent to Webtminster School, and in 17S3 admitted cm the 
foundation. He was elected to Trinity College, Cambridge, 
1767; B.A. 1761; Usher of Westminster School 17^; M.A. 
1764 ; D. D. and Chaplain to his Majesty 1776 j Rector of 
AUhallows the Great and Less, Thames Street, 1778 (resigned 
1803). In 1777^ wh^n Dr. Markham became Archbishop of 
York, he appointed his friend Dr. Vincent to be Sub Almoner, 
an office wbdch he continues to hold. In 1788 he became Head 
Master of Westminster School -, and President of Sion Cbllege 
1798. But his Church preferments were very narrow, till in 1801 
he obtained, what he had long desired and deserved, a Prebendal 
Stall in the Collegiate Church of St. Peter at Westminster ; of 
which in the following year he was appointed Dean ; and in 
1807 became Rector of Islip, on his own presentatk>n as Deaa 
of Westminster. — Of this venerable Divine I will only observe, 
that, by steadiness and perseverance, he has twice passed through 
Westnainster School from the lowest form to the highest ; fii^, 
as a boy ; and, secondly, from the lowest Usher to the Head 
Master ; and now Dean, by favour of Lord Sidmouth, to whom 
he was scarce personally known, but who regarded services in prt^ 
ference to great connexions. £xcept the four years that he was at 
Cambridge to obtain a degree, the Dean of Westminster has been 
rooted to the spot where hb now resides, from his eighth to his 
seventy-fifth year, happy in bis family, his fortune, and his sittm- 
lion. He is still living, 1814, highly resfiected for his virtues and 
his talents -, and has two sons, who are both married, and ha^-e 
chikiren; and these are the only Vincents of that branch of the 
Shepey family now remaining. — ^This very learned Writer's pub- 
lications are, *' A Letter to the Reverend Dr. Richard Wat- 
son, King*s Professor of Divinity in the University of Cam- 
bridge, 1780," 8vo. ; and this was followed by *• Considerations 
on Parochial Music, 1787," 8vo. In 1789 he pieached and 
published " A Sermon before the Sons of the Clergy j" and 
in 1792 " A Sermon preached at St. Margaret \S) WostnUnscer, 


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A lliird Edition of Dr. Moseley's *^ Treatise on 
Tropical Diseases, on Military Operations^ and on 
the Climate of the West Indies." - 

ifbr the (Grey Coat School in that P^sh ;" which being adopted 
by the Assodation at the Crown and Aixchor, above ?0,000 co- 
pies were dispersed in London, exclusive of re-publications at 
Bath, Cantei-bury, Gloucester, &c. *' The Ongination of the 
Greek Verb, an Hypothtsis," was his next performance ; (repub- 
lished, improved, and considerably enlarged, under Ihe title o^ 
" The Greek Verb analysed/^ This was followed by the treatise 
'' De Lege ManliauSl, 1793.'* " The Voyage of Nearchus to the 
^Euphrates ; collected from the Ori^nal Journal, preserved by 
Arrian, and illustrated by Authorities Antient and Modern ; con- 
taining an Account of the first Navigation attempted by Europeans 
in the Indian Ocean, &c. 1797/' 4to i and '* The Periplus of 
the Erythrean Sea, Part 1. containing an Account of the Naviga- 
tion of the Antients from the Sea of Suez to the Coast of Zan- 
iquebar, with dissertations, 1800," 4to. It is now no secret 
%hat the good Dean was the Reviewer in the British Critic 
of the several publications at that period relative to the contro- 
versy about the Troad. In 1802 he published " A Defence 
of Public Etlucation, addressed to the mobt Reverend the 
Lord Bishop of Meath» by William Vincent, D. D. in Answer 
to a Charge annexed to his Lordship's Discourse, preached 
at St. Paul's on the Anniversary Meeting of the Charity Chil- 
dren, and published by the Society for promoting Christian 
Knowledge, ISO I,** 8vo. The occasion of this Tract, which 
excited no small notice and animadversion, was this : Dr. Rea-* 
Del, Master of the Temple, in a Sermon preached before 
the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge, at the an- 
tmal meeting of the Charity Schools in St. Paul's, 1799, re- 
marked, in rather sharp terras, on the prevailing neglect of Re- 
ligion in our Public Seminaries of Education. At this Dr. Vin- 
cent took fire ; and, indeed, not without some reason, standing, 
•8 he then did, at the very Itead of the numerous and res{)ectable 
body who were thus assailed by a Preacher of Dr. RenneFs high 
character. A private correspondence between these two learned 
IM vines ensued ; and Dr. Rennel having made concessions and 
explanations which Dr. Vincent considered as satisfactory, all 
further t)b6er?ations were suspended. Hut this pacification 
proved of short continuance ; for the Bishop of Meath having 
delivered a Sermon on the same occasion, and in the same put- 
pit, in 1800, which was printed at the request of the Society, 
thought proper to subjoin a note, in which he rej^eats Dr. Ren- 
nels accusation, witli some severe additions of his own against 
Public Schools. This was enough to rou^ any man ; and that 
Dr. Vincent felt himself hurt at the repetition of such charges 
is not to be wondered at. He applied to the Society for leave 
to insert in their parcels a justificatory paper, by way of repd- 
VOL.4X- K iagr 

Digitized by 


tSo LrreRAfftY AYmcDOTfis [17^3, 

**Thfe Policy, Benevoience, and Chairity, of th< 
Royal Hiimane Society. A Sermon preached be 
fore the Governors of that Institution, in the Pari^ 
Church of St; Botolph Aldersgate, on the 27th ol 

ing the evil impression which the Bishop*s note might malt< 
upon the minds of its readei-s. This request the Society did do( 
think proper to grant, as not chusing to take any part in thj 
controversy. The Doctor then, as his last resource, appealed 
to the puhlick in a *' Defence of Public Education, 1802," end 
of the most masterly apolo^es that ever appeared in print It 
is true he speaks in a high tone, and, perhaps, in some re^ 
spects he is too keen upon the Bishop and Dr. Rennell. Nei- 
tlier of these excellent Divines, however, have made any sort 
of reply to Dr. Vincent, though certainly something might have 
been expected from them, either to confirm their assertions, or 
in the way of retractation. Other Writers, however, have en^ 
tered into the dispute. Amongst these, perhaps, the ablest tvas, 
" Remarks on the Rev. Dr. Vincent's Defence of Public Educa- 
tion J with an Attempt to state faiily the ([Question, whether tbe 
Religious Instruction and Moral Conduct of the rising Ge- 
neration are sufficientfy provided for, and effectually secured, m 
our Schools and Universities. Together with the Sentiments of 
several late Writers, and others, on that important subject By a 
Layman, 1802," Bvo. It might have been expected that some 
other Heads of Schools would have entered their caveat ako 
against the charges brought against them, but it seems that 
they rested satisfied with what has been so ably mged by Dr. 
Vincent. Since the agitation of the question, the Sockty for pro- 
moting Christian Knowledge have properly passed a resolution, 
that, for the future, nothing shall be appended to a Sermon 
.pi-eached before them but what has previously met with their 
sanction. This measure, however, was not carried without 
violent opposition. The Dean's subsequent publications were, 
*' A Sermdn preached before the Honourable House of Commoi», 
at St. Margaret'9 Westminster, on Tuesday June 1 , 1802, being 
the Day appointed for a General Thanksgiving," 4to. " The Pe- 
riplus of the Erythrean Sea : Part the Second. Containing an 
Account of the Navigation of the Antients, from the Gulph of 
Elana in the Red Sea to the Island of Ceylon. With Disserta- 
tions, 1806," 4to. " The Voyage of Nearchus, and the Periploa 
of the Erythrean Sea, translated from the Greek, 1809." Tto 
learned Work is properly the third Volume of the Commerce 
and Navigation of the Antients. As a pulpit orator, the Dean is 
distinguished by great animation, a dear and sonorous articula- 
tion, and a graceftil dignity of manner. His Sermons are the 
compositions of a mind richly embued with divine and human 
learning, elegant in their langua^, yet suflRciently leveled to the 
plainest understandings. A fine Portrait of him was engraved 
in 18d7> from a painting by Howard. 

, March, 

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March, 1793, by the Rev. Sttmel Gtasse*, D. D. 
P. R. S. &c. &c.^ and published by Request." 

* ** This truly benevolent Discourse, inscribed, with great 
propriety, to the ICing, as Patron of the eftcellent Institution 
it so warmly commends, is introduced by an Address to the 
Reader, which breathes the sentiments of Philosophy enlightened 
by Christianity. In the Sermon itself, taken rrora a sublime 
passage in Psalm Ixviii. 20, after an able statement of the pecu- 
liar excellence of the Society, Dr. Gla«se proceeds to describe* 
with peculiar energy, the variety of Charities with which this 
Metropolis abounds } and concludes with an animated picture of 
that which gave occasion to the Sennon." G. M, LXUL 843. 

t Student of Christ Church, Oxford } M. A. 1759 ; F. R. St 
1764 f.B. and D.D. 1769; one of the Chaplains in ordinar)- to 
hisM^esty, 177^; Rector of ManweU, Middlesex, 17. . (resigned 
to his son 1785) ^ Rector of Wanstead, Essex, 1781 j Vicar 
of Epsom, 1789 (resigiled 1785) j Prebendary of Shalford, in 
the Cathedral of Wdls, 1791 ; Prebendary of Oxgate, in St. P^uKs 
Cathedra], 1798 ; and a very intelligent and active Magistrate. 
I>r. Glasse was a very popular Preacher; and frequently employed 
his talents and eloquence in exciting to charity the congregations 
of the Metropolb^and its vicinity. Amongst these wei*e 3ie fol- 
lowing sin^ Sermons : 1. " At the Anniversary Meeting of the 
Sons of the Clergy,' May 13, 1773." 2. . «*«'orthe Marine Society, 
»t St. Andrew « Church, being their Anniversary, Feb. 10, 1774." 
3. " The Origin of Consecrated Churches, and the Benefits of 
Public Worship ;. preached at the Op^ening of the Parish Church 
of Clapham, Surrey, June 9, fr76." 4. " The beneficial Eflfects 
of Harmony, preached at the Meeting of the Three Choirs in the 
Cathedral Church at Gloucester, Sept. 9, 1778." 5. *' A Secon(^ 
Sermon before the Governors of the Marine Societ^i 1778." 
6. ** Christian Fortitude particularly recommended in Times of 
I^anger; preached at the Chapel Royal, St. Jamesi, July 4, 1779.- 
7. '' A Devout Observance of the CluiBtian Sabbath recommended ; 
preached before the University of Oxford, 1781." €(. '' The Sn- 
>^'8 Account feirly stated ; preached at the Parish Church of Han-. 
^, in the County of Middlesex, May 6, 1781." 9. " Befora 
^ Guardians and Governors qf the As\'lum for Helpless Orphans, 
^y 19, 1781." 10. •' Preached at mnswick, Gloucestershire, 
w^the Sunday School in that Parish." II." Preached in the 
™ish Church of Wanstead, July 16, 1787, in consequence of 
«« Migesty's Royal Proclamation against Vice, Profiameness, and 
ImnKwrality." l^. " Before the Governors of the Magdalen Hos- 
gtal,London, on Wednesday, Mav 28, 178S." 13. *' For the Royal 
Humane Society, March 17, 1793." 14. " The Sinner encou- 
^S^ to. Repentance : a Sermon preached at the Opening vf the 
^^«l Of the new House of Correction for the County of Mid- 
2^ on Sunday Sept 9S, 1794, before the Chairman of the 
^^''•ions, and a Committee of Magistrates i and published at their 

iL% Request^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

1S« UrtAARY ANfiCD0TE8 [l793- 

" The History of the Antient and Royal Founda- 
tion, called the Abbey of St. Alban, in the County of 
Hertford ; from the Foundation thereof in 793, to 

Request ; with a Prefatory Address to Magistrates in general, 
and to the Magistracy of the County of Middlesex in particular* 
15. "A Word of Comfort to the Poor in their present Necessity j 
a Sermon preached in the Parish Church of AVanstead, in the 
County of Essex, on Simday July 1$)» 1 795 5 hnmMy inscribed to 
the Right Honourable, the Honourable, and Reverend Meftibers 
of tlie Committees for the Relief of the Poor." 16." National Libe- 
rality and National Reform recommended ; a Sermon preached 
in the Parish Church of St. Geoige Bloomsbury, on Sunday 
February 4, 1798 j published by Request." 17. "Sennacherib 
defeated, and his Army destroyed ; preached at Wanstead, Essex, 
on Sunday the 4th of September 1803 ; inscribed to the Million 
of Loyal Volunteers, and intended to be the Soldier*s Manual. — ^Dr. 
Glasse published also a Translation, from the French, of" Address 
from a Lady of Quality to her Children, when in the last Stage of a 
lingering Illness, 1777," in two small volumes. In 1767 he 
contributed laigely to Mr. Mann-Godschal's excellent Pamphlet 
on the Police (which he revised through the press) ; and wrota 
the character of his friend Mr. Raikes in Gent. Mag. vol. LVIII. 
p. 11. " A Course of Lectures on the Holy Festivals ; with prac- 
tical Remarks on each, and Exhortations to a more devout and 
serious Obsenance of them, 1797/* 8vo. " A Plain and Prac- 
ticable Exposition of the Commandments, 1801,** 8vo. 

Dr. Glasse lost his wife, Sept. 17, 1811 5 an event which her 
did not long survive 5 dying, in Sackville Street, Piccadilly, 
April 27, 1812, aged 79 5 and, if the uniform efibrts of a life 
to contribute to the long welfare and happiness of hisf friends 
and the community at large, claim any praise, no man ever 
deserved it better of his country. 

The Rev. George-Henry Glasse, son of the last mentioned 

venerable Divine, was a Student of Christ Church, Oxford -, 

M.A. 1782} Rector of Hanwell, Middlesex, 1785 j domestic Cliap- 

lain to tlie Duke of Cambridge, also domestic Chaplain to Lord 

Seftom tie married, Nov. 17, 1783, Miss Anne Fletcher, of Ealing, 

#hose death he thus elegantly recorded in HanweU church-yard : 

" Hie, O quisquis es, paulisper immorare memori» 

Annse amantissimse conjugis 

Georgii Henrici Glasse, A.M. 

higusce paioecice Rectoris, 

quae, cum filiam ejusdem nominis, natu maximam^ 

octodecennam virginem, Bristolienses ad fontes> 

heu ! sero nimis comitata est 3 

Ipsa moerens animi et cassiL spe matem&, Ipsa morti occubmt prior, 

casti veruntamen amoris primitias iterum 

post breve Complexura aetemoque fruitura consortio, felix ! 

lion unquam^ vocante Cbristo^ desiderata ill&^ dulcique filift, 


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oy Google 


its Dissolution iii 1539 ; exhibitiog the Life of each 
Abbot, and the principal Events relating to the 
Monastery daring his Rule and Government £x^ 

purius aliquid, sanctius, venustius, intravit sedcs beatorum. 

lUa, die Junii quarto, heec vero ejusdem mensis tricesimo. 
Anno Domini 1802, spiritum Deo commendavit/* 

Mr. Glasse married, secondly. May 11, 1805, Harriet, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Wheeler, Esq. ; and died Oct. SO, 1809, at the 
flge of about 50. — He was in person short and fat 5 his lace 
full, and rather handsome, with an expression of benevolence and 
intelligence. His manner was easy, but „not elegant ; and to 
strangers had the appearance of afiectation. In talents and attain- 
ments he shone pre-eminent. His mind was fertile, acute, and 
capacious ; it had an universal grasp, and embraced every art and 
science. His taste was more refined than pure — rather delicate 
than chaste. His memory was accurate and retentive ; the feci- 
lity with which he read and comprehended was wonderful : he 
fieemed to take in every thing at a single glance, and to know 
almost intuitively what others had obtained by effort and labour. 
As he lived much in the world, and possessed great discernment, 
men and manners of every description were familiar to him ; 
nothing eluded bis observation; nothing escaped his remem- 
lirance. He associated with all ranks ; knew their character- 
istic traits, and accurately sketched their distinguishing excel* 
lencies and defbcts. His conversation was fiill of spirit and vi- 
vacity ; \m language copious, and his terms select, enlivened 
with wit, enriched by fancy, and abounding with anecdote. 
He composed and wrote, with rapkiity almost unequalled, in 
ft style easy, elegant, and perspicuous, though somewhat dif- 
fiise. His matter was not always profound or original; but 
his reasoning was ^nerally just, his arguments convincing, 
and, when the subject admitted, embellished with a profusion 
of metaphor and imagery. There ai*e passages in some of hia 
writings which have all the warmth, vigour, and luminous il- 
luscrauon of Burke. With all these talents natural and acquired, 
be possessed the warmest feeliegs and most benevolent disposi- 
tion : he was manly and open, good-natured, hospitable, and 
liberal. Having a considerable income, and a large fortune in 
reversion, he indulged in the luxuries of the table, and in gene- 
ral habits of expence which were highly unprudent, and which 
involved 1dm in n^uent pecuniary embarrassntents. These em- 
barrassments, added to some occurrences in which he had been 
harshly treated, and in which his character suffered through the 
indiscreet zeal of bis friends, and the malignant spirit of his 
anemies, preyed on his susceptible mind -, and« in an imhappy 
moment, the world was deprived of a man of extraordinary wit, 
learning, and genius -, who for many years had been a blessing 
to bis friends^ and an ornament to human nature. His classical 


Digitized by 


154 tlTERAliY AKECDerSS [^TM^ 

tracted from the most faithful Authorities and Re* 
cords, both prmted and manuscript, with Plates, 
and a Map of the County ; Part I. , (The Second 
Part was published in 1795.] By the Rev, Peter 
Newcome*, Rector of Shenley, Herts/ 4to, 

learning, if it did not rank him with the Parrs, the Bumeys, or 
the Porsone, was among the foremost of the second order. He 
had' a rery great fecility in writing Greek verse i and his Traoa^ 
lation of " Caractacus" and '' Samson AgpnisW' into that lan- 
guage, when considered as the work of a young man, must ever- 
remain a monument of his critical skill and profound erudition. 
His Caractacus appeared in the year 17dl, when the Transktop 
was yet a Batchelor of Arts ; and that of Samson Agonistes 
in 1788. In 1791 he published " A Sermon preached before 
the Guai:dians of the Asylum for helpless Orphans.** In 1799« 
" Contemplations on the Sacred History, altered from the Works 
of Bishop Hall ;*' 4 vols. l^mo. In 1793, " A Sermon preached at 
Hauwell^ after reading his Majesty's most gracious Letter in fa- 
vour of the French Emigrant Clergy.** In 1794, " A Sermon 
preached in the Parish Church of St Alartin-in-the-Fields^ at the 
Visitation of the Bishop of London.** In 1798, Twenty ^' Ser-> 
mons on various Subjects ; moi« particularly on Christian Faith 
and Hope, and the Consolation of Religion :** and in the sanoe 
year, *' A Sermon preached in the Parish Church of Haawell, 
before the Members of the Volunteer Armed Association formed 
vrithin the Parishes of Uanwell and Faling, including New aiK| 
Old Brentford, as Honorary Chaplain to the Corps." In 18031, 
he published '' I^uisa -, a Narrative of Facts supposed to throw 
Light on the mysterious History of the ' I^y of the Haystack.* 
Translated from a French Work published in the Imperial Du- 
minlons 1785.'* In 1803, ** A Scimon preached at the Anniver- 
sary Meeting of the Sons of the Clergy, in the Cathedral Church 
of St. Piiul on Thursday May 12, 180a.** In 1804, " The Sword 
of the Lord ^ a Sermon preached May ^, being the Day ap- 
pointed for a General Fast :** and in the same year he publLhed 
another Volume of Sermons, altered from the Works of Bishop 
Bcveridge. — Sec more of him hereafter, under the year 1799. 
^ This worthy Divine was educated at Hackney School, under 
his relation, Dr. Newcome ; whence he renu)ved to (Queen's Col- 
lege, Cambridge, where he took the degree of B. LL. in 1750. 
The Rectory of Shenley had been purchased by his motb^ in 
1742, just before the death of Philip Falle, the Historian of 
Jersey, and was held two years by another Peter Newcome, and 
seven more by Dr. Lewis, curate of Hackney, fbr Mr. Newcpme^ 
who held a living for some other person, which was filled before 
Shenley, to which he was instituteid on hi$ own petition in 1751 • 
He was collated to a Prebend at Landaff in 1753 ; and to a Pre* 
bend at St. Asaph in 1764 ; which last he resigned to his brother 
in 1766, on being collated to the sinecure Rectory of Darowen. 


Digitized by 


^799^^ OF THfi BI0HTKEH1QI OENtURY. 1$^ 

""The KiogV House at Winchester, a Poem*. 
By the Rev. John Wool." 

'' The Firsl Book of Hooker's Eccltaiastical Po- 
lityf;* 8vo. 

The Fifth Volume of Dr. Kippis's Edition of the 
^ Bioeraphia Britannioa/' 

^^ I^timonies to the Genius and Memory of Sir 
Joshua Reynolds. By the Author of * Imperfect 

By the appointment of his tsiend, J. Heathcote^ esq. he twice 
preached Lady Moyer's Lectures in St. Paul's, and was the last 
preacher upon that occasion^ the institution haying been origi- 
nail? appointed for a certain term of years, which expired with 
his last lecture. His Lectures were so much approved, that he 
had once intended to have made them public. In 1786> he ob- 
tained the Rectory of Pltaey, in Essex, on the presentation of Sir 
Gilbert Heathcote, Bart. He printed 1787, " Maccabeia," a 
Latin poem, 4to ; and, in 1793, he published his " History of 
St Albap*8, which has been well received, ^e died> at his 
Mster's, at Hadley, near Bamet> Middlesex, aged upmrds of 
70, of an inflammation on his lungs, occasioned by a nqglecteji 
cold, April 2, 1797. His ^neral and useful knowledge ren« 
dered bun a valuable member of the community ; and his abiU« 
tie8, activity, and impartiality as a magistrate, will make him 
long remembered in the county of Herts. He made the rectory 
of Shenley worth near 4002. per annum, and his predecessor im* 
proved it by building a very good parsonage-house and offices ; 
and Mr. Neweome left the rectory to his nephew, his brother's 
son, for whom his fkther. Prebendary in Wales, presented Mr. 
Hughes, till he could take it. , 

* The Author of this Poem (which is distinguished both by 
spirit and harmony) was educated at Winchester, and Fellow of 
New College, Oxford, M. A. 1794. In 1806, whilst Rector of 
Blechfordj Somerset, and Master of the Free Grammar School 
at Midhorst, Sussex, he published <' Biographical Memoirs*' of 
his (Ad Friend and Preceptor, Dr. Joseph Warton, with his 
Poems and Letters. In the same year he was elected Head Mastet 
of Rugby School } and early in 1807 accumulated the d^rees of 

t For this partial re-publication, the Editor [Dr. Burgess, 
t bright ornament of the present Episcopal Bench] assigned twp 
iidaoements ; the first, that it was printed some years ago with 
an expectation that Mr. Schomberg would present it to the 
^bfiek with an Introductory Discourse, for which he had pre- 
pared laige materials, but which death prevented him from 
completing ; the second, that, it was conceived, it appeared 
it a seasonable juncture, when the great political experiment, 
wiudi had been passing in France, would raider Hocucer's ge- 
fieral principles more intelligible, convincing, and impressive. 


Digitized by 



Hints towards a new Edition of Shakespeare.^ 
[Mr. Felton.] 4to. 

" A Picturesque Tour from Geneva to the Pen- 
nine Alps. Translated from the French*." Folio, 
with Twelve Plates. 

^' The Dream of an Englishman faithful to bis 
King and his Country^-," 8vo. 

* " This splendid volume (a companion to the account of 
Nice) is a translation of a work printed at Geneva in the yeav 
1787, under the following title : ' Voyage Pittoresque aux A]pe$ 
I'ennines, pr^c^d^ de quelques observations sur les hauteurs de 
xnontagnes, glaciers, & des difierens villages, qui se trouvent sur 
cette route. Suivi de quelques notes poui* senir d explication 
aux desseins qui composent cet ouvrage. TMdi^ k Son Altesse 
R(^e La Princesse Sophie Matilde de Gloucester. Par Albania 
Beaumont, Ingenieur-pensionn^ de Sa Majesty le Roi de Sar- 
daigne, &.Professeur en Mathematiques et Fortification de Son 
Altesse Royale le Prince Gyillaume de Gloucester." 

M. Rev, N. S. XFL es. 

f " The original of this very interestipg Pamphlet was the 
French, in which language it was published a considemble time 
before the appearance of the Translation ; professing, howevcTji 
in the title, by a very common and allowed species of fiction, 
to be translated from the English. It has been attributed^ with 
great appearance of probability, to M. Lally Tolendal, in co- 
operation with some person very intimately acquainted with the 
state of our interior politics. M. I^ly is an able and elegant 
Writer ', and, if he be indeed the Author of this Tract, though 
he has reasons for taking an active interest i^ our prosperity, 
which every foreigner has not, we are gr^tly indebted to him 
for thus admirably pleading our cause, and unveiling the inin 
quities which were then practised against us. The plan b this : 
An Englishman, who has been absent a considerable time from 
his country, returns to it towards the latter end of the year 
1799. Alaiined, as all then were, except a few of remarkable 
courage, at the state of affairs, he makes it his business, with- 
in his own district, to trace the machinations of French emissaries 
to the utmost. With a lively interest he attends the first Debate^ 
on the meeting of Parliament -, with his mind full of which he 
returns home fatigued, and dreams that he is called to the Privy 
Council I where, after he has given all the information he i^ 
master of, the King dictates to him a Manifesto, which fonsff 
the body of the Tract. The Manifesto sets forth at lai^ the 
&ir conduct of the King towards France, and the bad faith of 
that country towards us -, several particulars of which are set 
forth in a clearer and stronger light, that in any other publican 
tion we have seen. The whole is well written, and deserved the 
attention it excited at the time." BrUiuh Critic, 1 106. 


Digitized by 



" The History and Antiquities of Shenstone, ia 
the County of Stafford, illustrated. Together with 
the Pedigrees of all the Families and Gentry, both 
Antient and Modem, of that Parish*. By the late 
Rev. Henry Sanders -f, B. A. of Oriel College, Ox- 
ford, and Thirteen Years Curate of Shenstone," 4to. 

* '' The Village of Shenstone, situate in a pleasant part of 
the County of Statford, and by all Travellers admired as a beau-* 
tiful and ^ell-watered spot, has furnished copious materials for 
a description by the esteem and affection borne to its inhabitants 
by their faithful Pastor 3 whose Son has done ample justice to bis 
memory in hi^ accpunt of him prefixed, and to the attachment 
of his Parishioners by a feeling Dedication to them. — It is be- 
lieved there were more posthumous works than the present, 
>vbich would have been serviceable to the Publiek if transmitted 
to the press -, but, as he had bequeatlied one to a noble Lord, in 
hopes that he would have condescended to have published it, 
there were together with it earned away very many manuscripts^ 
which, we fear, are removed beyond tlie reach of recovery/' 

Gent. Mag. LXIV. 549. 

t Mr. Sanders was, maternally, fourth in descent from a re* 
fiigee &mily in Lorrain. His father has long been known and 
respected in the Counties of Worcester and Stahbrd. Henry 
Sanders, of Stourbridge, who married a daughter of 'i'homas Ro- 
gers, an eminent dealer in glass at Stourbiidge, had four sons 
and two daughters. Of these, Thomas, the eldest, was a very 
Jeamed and ingenious Surgeon and Apothecary, much esteemed 
by the celebrated George Lord Lyttelton, as also by a very po- 
pulous neighbourhood, for his great success in inoculation, his 
personal chai-acter, and his ability in his profession ; Sarah, wife 
of William Grosvenor, of Kidderminster, Apothecary 5 Henry, 
Anne, Susannah, Daniel, and John. As their father died dur<» 
ing the minority of the younger children, they came imder the 
pare of their brother Thomas, who disposed of each as circum*^ 
stances and opportunities served. Henry seemed to be rather 
more favoured than his brothers Daniel and John, being, by 
education, good abilities, and the particular notice of the Bsunily 
of Rogers, well fitted for a somewliat superior rank in life. 
Though designed for the cloathing business, his genius and in 
dioation led him to the study of medicine. He was a noted and 
▼ahiable Apothecary and Chemist at Dudley in Worcestershire, 
^ was the inventor of a very useful medical composition, 
which, in that part of the world, is exceedingly admifed, and 
for which receipt a considerable premium was offered by a learned 
Physician. This Henry married Miss Rebecca Hawkes, of a re- 
f|)ectable fiunily, the descendants of whose brother live ia great 


Digitized by 



^^Argentum; or, the Adventures of a Shilling.*' 8vo. 

cvedit. and one^ if not two of them, in opulence at Dudley. 
Henry Sanders had by his wife Rebecca^ eleven children living 
at one time, and at least nine at hi» decease ^ the eldest of whom 
was Henry, Author of the " Hbt^ry of Slienstone.*' Theii* fa- 
ther, with all hia care and inchistry, was unable to provide them 
any pecuniary advantages worth mentioning, having barely a 
competency to support himself and daughters in the decline of 
life. A circumstance particularly favourable, however, attended 
his three eldest sons, the benefit of a grammar-school, which 
was highly blessed with two succeeding Masters ; the former a 
relation, the Rev. Pynson Wilmott, M. A. afterwards Vicar of 
Hales-Owen, Salop ; and the latter the Rev. Beiyamin Clements, 
B. A.; afterwards Prebendary of the GoUegiate Church, Minister 
of St. John's, and Head Master of the Grammar-schooF, in Wol- 
-^erhampton. Henry, having attained an excellent classical edu- 
cation, was well qualified for either of the ti^ree learned profes* 
sions, and the clerical suited more the disposition of his mind; 
while his two brothers decidedly chose the medical. At length 
a great difficulty arose how he could be supported at the Univer- 
sity, even in the most frugal manner, smce his £ELther coiikl 
spare but little from so large a^mily. A circumstance indeed 
occurred, which by many persons would have be^n eagerly em- 
braced. There was a contest between two distinguished bouses 
fbr the representation of the County in Parliament ; and it was 
confidently said, that a Nobleman made an ofkr to assist the 
education of Henry, and advance him in future life, if his fether 
would consent. Such a friendship might be, perhaps, owing to 
his Lordship's esteem for a near relation ; but the father would 
by no means accept the ofifer, his interest and r^ard being en-» 
tirely devoted to the service of the noble family at Himley. By 
dint of industry and ability, however, Henry procured an exhi-* 
bition, or clei*k;»hip, in Oriel College i and was appointed by that 
(liociety to perform duty in King Edward's Hospital, a small dis- 
tance from Oxford, before he was in orders. By great prudence, 
many friends, and the favour of the College, he combated every 
pecuniary difficulty, and took the degree of B. A. 5 which when 
he had determined, he left the University, being desirous of en- 
counteiing no farther trouble in the pursuit of academical de- 
l^rees. But, although he had abandoned such inconveniences 
m the University, he had another still to struggle with immedi-r 
ately, and that was how to be admitted into Holy Orderst Not* 
withstanding all his literary merit, he fbund it no easy matter 
to obtain a title, as Curacies were at that time scarce, and Dr. 
Maddox, then Bishop of Worcester, treated him rather uuCTa- 
ciously ; so that, between his disappointments with the beneficed 
Clergy, his numerous journeys, many expences, and an ahnost 
empty purse, the whote story, as he fehited it, would incline the 
{leader to laugh^-though it would be impossible not to lament hb 


Digitized by 



'* The Life of Robert Grosseteste, the celebrated 

gituation. Some tisie after^ havixig been, regularly ordained, be 
reaided upon a Curacy at Wednesbuiy, about four miles distant 
Crom bis native town, tbe annual income of wbich did not ex- 
ceed S6l. Wbikt be« officiated at tbat place, a respectable and 
ratber wealthy family attracted bis esteem, wbich soon termi-* 
natedln his marriage with the eldest daughter, EKzabeth Butler : 
but ber family was not satisfied with her choice of a husband 
possessed of so small an income ; and they were compelled to 
support themselves, and afterwards their infant, more than two 
years, upon SO/, stipend, and the Vicarage*house in an adjoining 
parish. West Bronjwich. Providence at length, after' such a 
contented struggle with adversity, interposed in their behalf; 
and they were removed to Shen^tone, a place not only delightful 
in its situation, but abounding with a number of worthy inha« 
bitants. The Author was no socmer appointed to this comfort* 
able Curacy, than he was invited to be one of the reading and 
domestic Clergymen to Samuel Hill, £sq. in whom he not on!/ 
obtained a friend, but a considerable increase of income, inso- 
much that the disobliged father abovementioned became so re« 
conciled to his daughter as to settle upon her the portion of a 
child. But this felicity was of short duration : He not only lost 
by death hb benefactor Mr. Hill, but his wife did not survive her 
going to Shenstone more than about four years. The evening 
before she departed, she desired to see her only child, then not 
five years old. After giving some important instructions for his 
future life, she enjoined him " to choose no other than the cle- 
rical profession ; that, be his fortune ever so small, he should 
disregard lucre, care of preferments, &c. ; for tiuU emplo3rment, 
properly dischaiged, was superior to any other in the world.*' 
The next morniog, about seven o'clock, she sang an hymn, and 
instantly expired. Mr. Sanders still continued hb Curacy of Shen- 
stone — ^in hb own words, *' loving and beloved by hb I^uishio- 
ners'* — till about the end of thirteen years, when, unhappily for 
himself, and disagreeably to all hb fiock, he accepted a station • 
in King Edward the Sixth's school at Birmingham, with a de- 
sign to superintend the education of hb son, and obtain for him 
an exhibition to CoU^e. Within two years of hb leaving the 
Curacy of Shenstone, he was engaged by Humphrey Minchin* 
Esq. afterwards Member of Parliament for Bossiney, as private 
tutor to his two eldest sons, who, removing to Birmingham for 
education in that school, represented their former instructor in 
Mich a fiivourable view to the Rev. Mr. Brailsford, Head-master, 
tbat the then vacant place of Assbtant-teacher to the upper boyi 
proved an allurement, with a Curacy, and the idea of superin- 
tending hb 8on*8 education,' to withdraw Mr. Sanders firmn* 
Shenstone. Hb heart, however, being with hb beloved people^ 
and uneasy from the place he so delighted in, he was freauentlj 
occupied in prep^uing the History of the Parish where he had 


Digitized by 



Bishop of Lincoln, by Samael Pegge, LL. D^ 
Prebendary of Louth in that Church ; with an Ac- 
count of the Bishop*s Works, and an Appendix ♦.** 
" The Siege of Gibraltar ; a Poem f . By Capt; 

spent the happiest pert of his life. Though he afterwards gained 
a comfortable settlement as Master of the Free Grammar-school 
at Hales Owen, Salop, by the favour of George Lord Lyttelton, 
and through the reconjmendalion of some friends, and also the 
perpetual Curacy of Oldbury Chapel, lo which he was presented 
by the Rev. Pynison Wilmot ; yet no place afiforded him consola- 
tion like Shenstone j where, though he had it not in lus power 
to end his days agreeably to his wishes, his will expressly charged 
that his ricmains should be deposited in the church where hi* 
pastoral duties had been so paiticularly acceptable. From the 
time of his appointment at Hales Owen, which was in 1771> till 
bis decease in 1785, he had lain aside all thoughts of preferment, 
seemed little anxious about popular esteem, and devoted himself 
to retirement and study. He was tolerably conversant in almost 
every branch of Literature, more especially Theology, History, 
and the Classics ; and, had his abilities met with due encoiu-age- 
ment in the eaily part of his life, he would have made a con-, 
fipicuous character in ihe learned world. The *' History of Shen- 
atone,** drawn up with great care and attention, after a long 
and painful discharge of the important duties of his sacred office, 
was pi'epared for the press during liis residence at Birmingham, 
vi^here he had an inclination to have printed it ; and was after- 
wards fi'om time to time improved during his residence at Hales 
Owen. At the distance of twenty years, it was submitted to pub-» 
lie inspection, as left by the Author, except with the addition 
in a Tery few places of a date, and occasionally a supplementary 
link in the connexion of a Pedigree. — His only son, the Rev. John 
Butler Sanders, FeUow of Worcester College, Oxford j M. A. 
1780; some time Chaplain to the British Factory at Gottenburgh^ 
well known and respected as a worthy and conscientious Divine, 
is now (1814) Curate of St. Augustin and St. Faith ; and Lec- 
turer of St. Olave, Jewry, and St. Martin, Ironmongei'-lane ; and 
Second Grammar Master of St. Olave's School in Tooley Street. 

* ** With renewed pleasure we again meet our worthy old 
Friend and Correspondent issuing from the press, in the vigour 
of advanced age, with an historical work compiled in the vigour 
q{ middle life. We congratulate the lovers of our National His«r 
tory and Antiquities on this valuable addition to them ; and 
heartily wish oiur worthy Friend may enjoy life and health to pur- 
sue, as we hear he intends, his intention of giving us memoiis 
qf Bishop Grosseteste's pr^ecessors in the See (^Lincoln.** 

Gent. Mag. LXIV. 151. 

t " This Poem is printed for the emolument of the widow and 
children of a Naval Officer of rank, who has receatly &llea by 


Digitized by 



Joseph Budworth, late Lieutenant of the 72d, or 
Royal Manchester Volunteers in the Bengal Artil* 
lery, and the North Hants Militia; Author of 'jA 
Fortnight's Ramble to the Lakes.** 

*' Halppay. Written at Gibraltar, on a very 
Stormy Evening, with the melancholy Prospect of 
gohig upon Half-pay*.'* 

the yellow-fever, and who resolutely hrought his ship into Gi- 
braltar, and several times into Minorca, during the Sieges. This 
circunistance alone woidd disarm criticism, if the manly senti- 
ments of the Author, and the glorious subject on which he so 
vrarmly writes, were not sufBcient to secure our commendation." 

Gent. Mag, LXIF. 1128. 

* The following Dedication to this Poem contains sentiments 
of which every Englishman may be proud. 
-'To Hans Sloane, Esq. M. P. for Christ-Church, Hampshire, 
Colonel of the North Hants Regiment of Militia. 

•' Sir, When men of considerable landed property quit do- 
mestic ease to bustle through the tented field, such deserve well 
of their Country ; at the same time they prove the good |>olicy 
of being ready to protect the Nation, and the great stake they 
have in it. I have often followed you, when at the head of your 
family of five rukored ; and have been highly gratified at the 
attention of the men, and the skill in manoeuvring them. That 
▼our Regiment should be well-disciplined, is not astonishing, 
when we have witnessed the activity of your honest Veteran, who 
is constantly about them. A Regiment of Desperadoes- mtty be 
forced into the nicest point of field propriety 5 but the greatest 
^Nfide of a National Militia is the enrolling of hardy friends toge"- 
ther, and brint;ing the leading character of the County along 
with them. Who, but a decent race of husbandmen, when ar 
Company had been violently cheated by a baker, and half the in- 
forming money ofiered to them, would h^ve spontaneously said, 
* We do not prosecute for money, but for justice !' and modestly 
declined the sum tendered by the Mayor of Rochester ? I never 
saw one soldier in liquor during the four months I was encamped 
with them 5 and I do not remember one man being absent from 
a roll-call during that time. These lacts speek too well to be 
commented upon, and convince us how much we may depend 
upon this our virtuous national force. When the Militia was called 
out, I followed our mutual friend, and had the luck to be in 
your R^ment ; and I esteem it a most fortunate event, as it 
made me acquainted with some valuable Officers, and I have had 
an opportunity of studying the native character of that most use- 
ful onder of our fellow-creatures in the Hampshire Husbandmen* 
I only left you because the alarms that were adoat when you 
were embodied had subsided j but^ should Invasion or necessity 


Digitized by 


Hi tlTBRARV ANEtDOltS t^794* 

" A Totir through the Isle 6f Thamft, and some 
other places of &wt Kent, including * particular 

tall fbrtb the exertioti ot evdry EnglkhitMin, I am glad to hai^ 
your promise that I shall be received as a Volunteer. There is 
only one tnan that 1 shouldgive the preference to, but Who has 
l^dred from the Army. When my native Town of Manchester 
nobly gave One Thousand Men to GoreniHient^ and cnsn cloatbed 
than until they arrived at Gibraltar, they were put under the 
command of Ueutenant'><K>loncl Gledstanes. A finer Reghnentof 
recruits had never been seen before 5 and, in a very short time^ 
from the indefieitigable exertions of the Colonel, they were coin- 
pletelydiscipiined. He treated them with striotness^withontsex-crityj 
humanity, without relaxing in duty ; he so well won them> the 
remains (for they are sadly thinned !) speak of him as their father^ 
Charge me with partialitv— ^but J neve^ saw so^ne a body of oien^ 
or more undaunted soldiers, than the Old Royiai Manchester Vo- 
lunteers; and it is not to be wondered at, when they had such dis- 
tinguished Regiments to imitate, in the old corps of the Garrison^ 
I was the oldest man but one, in aCompany of one hundred strongs 
at twenty-one) and it is great credit to them, and satisfoction to 
their Officers, to have seen them return to their 'looms with as 
much industry as they had shewn alertness against the comoioa 
"Enemy of Gibraltar. You, Sir, may judge what that corps once 
was, by the appearance their countrymen made at Brightoa en- 
campment, where we had the pleasure of seeing the Liamcashire 
and the Hampshire men good-humoured, and hand«in-hand to- 
.gether — in countenance they resembled the younger brolhers of 
the Lancashire Militia. My countrymen having for an Ac^utaat 
an Officer who entered the Army the same day I did, and whose 
conduct was conspicuous on eveiy occasion — ^and I know no one 
who is a greater honour to his native place than my friend — ^this 
young man, when a store, in which an amazing quantity o( 
flour was on fire from the Enemy, though not on duty, collected 
the unemployed of the Regiment, and, in tlie midst of the flamte 
and fire, saved a great number of barrels ; for which, the next 
morning, GenenJ Elliot thanked hun, and gave him a hand' 
some present to distribute amongst bis men ; and the Garrison 
may be said to be obliged to this enterprising young Oflficer for 
a supply of bread. Justice induces me to mention, what bis mo- 
desty would never allow him to speak of. I know it is right, both 
. towards Colonel Gledstanes and yourself, to say, you have often 
in the field, and in your humane manners to the men> reminded 
me of him ; and the only reason why I could give a preference it 
a just one«-gratitude to the man who taught me (o be a Soidkr, 
and who, like yourself, always treated me as a Friend. In pre« 
senting to you this production of h^ Gibraltar idle-hours, I have 
in recollection the friendship that subsisted between you and 
Gei^eral ElUot^ whO;, it 19 distrefsii^ to tbiak^ like the uvincible 


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17^] OF THE £lGHTSENTlt d^NTURY* 143 

Description of the Churches in that e:rten8ive Dh^ 
trict." [By Zachariah Cozens*.] 

" The Third Volume of the Antiquities of Athens^ 
measured and delineated^ by James Stuart *f*, F.R.S. 

Marlborough, was fallen almost to a state of fatuity before he 
died ; and we have heard, with disgust, the malevolent chal'ge 
bim. with being ostentatious, when, alas ! he has only acted 
from a relaxed state of intellect. I cannot, good Sir. offer you 
the studied efforts of the closet — I am no scholar ; but you have 
the unlaboured effusions of a mind that was in the midst of the 
scenes it attempts to describe -, and. if it may tend to give an 
unadorned account of an event the world was once interested 
about, it will not concern me if I should be said to &il in the 
Poetry. May dissensions in this most fovoured Country cease ! 
niay we lay our shoulders to the wheel, and not fbxget the soil 
we have to protect (with all its valuables), if rashness should dare 
to invade it ! — ^and, in due time, may the errors complained of 
be wisely corrected ! and ' God save the King.' and happiness to 
the people ! I have the honour to subscribe myself, with reganl 
»Dd esteem, dear Sir. &c. &c. Joseph Budworth.*' 

* This modest Author is well known and duly respected at 
Maipite ; where he has long been one of the foremost in eveiy 
charkable and philanthropic institution — ^particularly in the pul>-< 
lie Schools in that town, and the Sea-Bathing Infirmary in its 
immediate vicinity. He has also for many years been an esteemed 
Correspondent in the pages of^ Mr. Urban, sometimes under his 
own signature, but oftener under, initials assumed frotn the title 
ofanoffice he very commendably (ills; namely. T.MOT.F.S.M. 
JngUck, '' The Master of the Free School. Mai^te.** 

t James Stuart. Esq. was bom in Cr^ L^. London, in 
1713. His father was a native of Scotland ; his mother flrom-, 
Wales. Though in humble circumstances, they were honest and. 
worthy people ; and gave their son the best education in their 
power. At bis Other's deat h. t he widow was left with four children , 
of whom Mr. Stuart was the eldest, totally unprovided for. He 
eihibited. at a very early period of life, the seeds of a strong ima- 
j;ination. brilliant talents.andageneral thirstfor knowledge -, draw- 
ing and painting were his first occupations, and these he piusued 
with such unabated perseverance and industry, that, while yet a 
boy, he contributed very essentially to the support of his widowed 
nx)ther and her little family, by designing and painting fans 
for the famous Goupee of tfaie Stmnd ; in whose care he some 
time after placed 6ne of his sisters, as shop-woman, and for 
laany years continued to pursue the same mode of muntainii^ 
the rest of his family. Notwithstanding the eiUreme pressuve 
of such a charge, and notwithstanding the many inducements 
^ich constant^ attract a young sdan of lively gwaius and 
cxteoilve talents, ha employed the ipreatot part «f his tioM 


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l44 LiTERARY AKECDOTfiS t^794* 

and F. S. A. and Nicholas Revett, Painters anhi 

in those studies ^hich tended to the perfecting himself in the 
^t he loved. He attained a very accurate knowledge of ana^, 
tomy J he became a correct draftsman, and rendered liimself 
a master of geometry, and all the branches of the' mat hematics 
so necessary to form the mind -of a good painter : and it is no 
less cxtraordinai7 than true, that necessity and application weref 
his only instructors ; he has often confessed that he was first led 
into the obligation of studying the Latin language by the desire 
of imdei standing what was written under prints published after 
pictures of the antient masters. As his years increased, so hi» 
information accompanied their progress j he acquired a great 
proficiency in the Greek language, and his unparalleled strength 
of mind carried him into the famil-ar association with most of 
the sciences, and chiefly that of Architecture. His stature was of 
the middle size, but athletic ; of robust constitution, and m 
natural courage invint ible by terror ; and a bold perseverance^ 
unshaken by the most poignant difliculties. The following feet 
may .serve aa a proof of his fortitude : — A wen had grown to an 
inconvenient size upon the front of his foi-ehead. One day bein^ 
in convei-sation with an eminent surgeon, he asked how it could 
be removed. The Surgeon acquainted him with the length of 
the process j to whic h Mr. Stuart objected on account of its in^ 
terruption of his pui^uits, and asked if he could not cut it 6ut, 
and then it would be only neces^^arj- to heal the part. The Sur- 
geon replied in the affirmative, but mentioned the very excru- 
ciating pain and danger of such an operation. Upon which Mr. 
Stuart, after a minute's reflection, thiew himself back in his chair, 
and said, '* I '11 sit still, do it now." The operation was performed 
with success. — With such qualifications, though yet almost ire 
penury, he conceived the design of seeing Rome and Athens ; but 
the ties of filial and fraternal affection made him protract the 
journey till he could ensure a certain provision for his mother, and 
his brother and second sister. His mother died : he had soon after 
the gooil fortune to place his brother and sister in a situation likely 
to produce them a comfoilable support; and then, with a very 
scanty pittance in his pocket, he set out, in 1741, on foot, upoa 
his expedition to Rome ; and thus he performed the greatest part 
of his journey ; travelling' through Holland, France, &c. and 
stopping through necessity at Paris, and several other places in 
his way, where, by his in^^nuity as an Artist, he procui-ed some 
moderate supplies towards prosecuting the rest of his journey.- 
At Rome he was joined by Mr. Revet t ; and at that place they 
continued six or seven yeai"s, engaged closely in the study of 
Painting, and there, in 1749,, they jointly circulated '*^ Pro- 
posals for publishing an authentic Defcriniion of Athens, &c." 
For that purpose they quitted Rome in March 1750; but did 
not reach Athens till March 1751 ; where, in about two months, 
they were met by Mr. Dawkius and Mr. Wood ; whose admira- 


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1794.] OF THE £IGlll%£NTR CENTURY. I45 

Archi^iCts ; a tery handsome Imperial Folio. The 

lian oF tiie great qualities and wonderftil per^cVehUiice oF fttr. 
Stuart secored their patronage both for himself and Mr. Revett. 
The generotis-spriteil and enterprising Da;ykih:s, in particiufeor, 
was glad to encourage associates in scientific investigation, 
who possessed equal arddnr with himself, but with very un* 
eqmd means, for prosecuting those enquiries in which they 
were all engaged with so much similarity of disposition and 
eagemeas of pursuit. They had not the happiness of seeing 
their friend Mr. John Bouverie at Athens; as that gentk- 
man never visited the Antiquities of Athens, Balbec, or Pal- 
myra; but died Sept. 8, 1750, in his 29th year, at Smyrna, 
where he was buried with a long and elegant inscription on 
his tomb*. During his residence at Athens, Mr. Stuart be- 
came a master of Architecture and Fortification) and, haviitj^ 
no limits to which his mind eould be restricted, he engaged 
in the army of the jQueen of Hungary, where he served a cam- 
paign vohmtarily as chief engineer. On his return to Athetis, 
be applied himself more closely to make drawhigs, and take 
the exact measurements of the Athenian Architecture. He left 
Athens in 1753, still accompanied by his friend Revett ; and, 
after visiting Thessalonica, Smyrna, and the Islands of the Archi- 
pelago, arrived in England in the beginning of 1755, after a 
kborious and expensive expeditioti of five years; and in 17<J^ 
they published the result of their accurate ol»6rvations and 
measurements, in '' The Antiquities of Athens ;** which, from 
its claasical accuracy, will ever remain as an honour to this Na- 
tion, and as a lasting monument of their skill. The First Volume 
was beautifully prmted by John Haberkbm, and graced with a 
long and respectable List of Subscril)ers ; the Dedication to the 
King is signed by Mr. Stuart and Mr. Revett, but the Preface by 
Mr. Stuart Only. The Second Volume was left by Mr. Stuart in 
1787 completed at the pi-ess j and the plates so forward, that it 
was published in 1789 (see p. 57). The dravrtngs fbr the Third 
Volume also were then left ready, and some of them engraved f , 
This work, and the long; walk the Authdr tooik to cull materials 
to complete it, have united themselves as the two most honour- 
able Gnes oi descent from whence be derived the title of fttntmAn 
Stuart, accorded to him ^ aM the Learned in this c^iriitry. 

On hi» arrii^ in England, Mr. Stuart was recefved into the 
fiunily of Mr. Dawkins ; and, amotig the many l^itrons which thd 
iepcfrt of his <&ttraordinaty qualifications acqbir^ him, the fir8< 
Lwd Anson led Mta forward to the rewatd most judiciously cal- 

• aee i( in Sir Ugf^Qn BrydgaTs Pecrage» vol. V. p. ?3. 1793 an fle^ant Uttle quarto vohiiiie was publifbe^, under tb« 
title of '^ A Picturesque Tour through Part of Europe, Asia, and Africa : 
•ontahilug ibilny new Remarks on the present State of Society, RemaSni 
of Auel«m Edifrees, &c. with Plates after l)etigns by James Stuart, tsi^i 
F. R. a. Aid F. A. S. and Anlbof of tbo Audquiltoi of Atbeoi. By &11 
Italian Gentkman.'' 

V01..IX L culatcd 

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146 - UTBtARY ANBCDOTES « [l794- 

i^ond Voloine of these valumble joint labours of 

ciliated to suit his talents and punuits : it was by his Lordthips 
appointment that Mr. Stuart became^ Surve^por to Greenwich 
Hospital, which he held till the day of his death with uniireml 
approbation. He constantly receiral the notice and esteem of 
L(»rd Rockirtrfmrn^ and most of the Nobility and Gentry of taate 
and power* Besides his appointment at Greenwich Hospital, the 
additions and rebuilding of that part which was destroyed l^ the 
fire there, were conducted under his direction. He built several 
good houses in London*— Bfr. Anson's in St. James's Square, Mn. 
Montague's in Portman Square, &c. &c. Whatever new prcject 
he eng^^ in, he pursued with such avidity, that he seldom quitted 
itwhUetherewas anything furtherto be learnt or understood frinn 
it Thus he rendered himself skilful in the art of engravinei like- 
wise of carving ; and hb'enthu^iastical love for antique degance 
made him also an adept in all the remote researches of an Anti- 
quary. But, in this dbf^y of his talents, let me not omit to oier 
a just tribute to his memory as a man. Those who knew him 
intimately, and had opportunities of remarking the nobleness of 
his soul, will join in claiming for him the title of Qtizen of the 
Workl } and, if he couki be chalged with possessing any parti- 
ality, it was to Merit in whomsoever he found it. Raised by 
his own abilities and integrity, from the utmost abyss of pe- 
niU7 to the most pleasing condition of respectable affluence, 
without servility, without chicane, witliout any stratagem, 
by the bold efibrts of unconquerable perseverance, jmidenoe, 
and an independent mind ! He was a great humourist in the 
most agreeable sense of the word ; an attentive observer of 
men and manners i andf having learned that there were dobs 
of artists, &c held at certain porter-houses in his neighbour- 
hood, belonging to which were some odd geniuses, men of an 
original turn of thinking and conversation, he would, occa- 
sionalfy, when his evenings were not otherwise engaged, re- 
sort for variety to such places, in order to smoke hb darlioj^ 
pipe, and listen to their ctirious debates, &a At these pbeei 
ne was received with much respect by the company, who thought 
themselves highly honoiu^ by his presence : and often, on the 
next day, would he entertain his friends of the higher orden 
with his pleasant details of what tisually passed at such droU 
assemblies. Dean Swift and Hogarth often did the same i and, 
to the ideas which they acquired on such occasions, the worid is 
indebted for many of those admhrable strokes of humour which 
have distinguished the pen of the one and the pencil of the other. 
Mr. Stuart was twice married. Hb first dmke, about 17^0, feU 
upon his housekeeper, a very good woman, by whom he Imd s 
son, who died at the age of four or five years. His seooiid wife 
was a Miss Blackstone, whose fitther was a fiurmer in Kent ; and 
to this very yomig ladv he was united when he was about the 
age of jS7. By ncr he had four children -, one of whmn» s 


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Mr. Stuart and Mr. Revett* had been completed at 
the press by the kind assiduity of Mr. William 

hcj, was the i^ery '' image and superscriptkm*' of hifDadf> both 
in body and mind ; he manifested a most astonishing tmn fat 
inmmg, even before he was three years old ; and would ind« 
ttte, with pen or pencil, every thing he saw lyW on his fathtf 's 
table. This child (his father's daning) died of the soudl-pox 
towards the latter end of the year 1787 ; and Mr. Stuart*s health 
declining very rapidly from that time, he died Feb. 2, 1788, in 
his 76th year, and was buried in the vault of the church 6i St. 
BfarUn-in-the-Flelds. His eldest son, a fine lx>v then about 
leien yean old, was placed at Hammersmith, under the care of 
that eminent Scholar Mr. (now the Rev. Dr.) Charles fiumey } 
and his two daughters, the eldest about eight' years old, at lus. 
Seott*8 in the same village. A Portrait of Mr. Stuart, drawn 
and engraved by £. Knight, was published Inr his T^ow in 1789. 

* Mr. Nicholas Revett, younger son of Andrew Revett, Bm|. 
of Brandeston Hall, Suffolk, was by profcnion an Architects 
and it was from him that Mr. Stuart first caught his ideas ik 
tliat science, in which (quitting the Painter's art) he afterwards 
made so conspicuous a figure. Their acquaintance, first began 
at Rome ; whence they travelled to Athens, for the purpose of 
investigating the remains of antient grandeur stiB to be found 
in the ruins of that celebrated Metropolis. Mr. Revett also 
trafdled through Asia Minor with Dr. Chandler, and pub- 
lished the Ionian Antiquities, being engaged fbr that pur* 
pose by the IKIettanti Society. At the distance of 40 yean, 
at the request of Sir Lionel Lyde, Bart of Ayott St. Laurence, 
Herts, fix. Revett added another trophy to his architectural 
£une. The old church, at the back of ^ Lionel's Mansion- 
bouei bdng dilapidated, though not incapaUe d restoration 
at a fiur leas expence $ it was determined to erect a new one, 
fronting the house, at the Western extremity of the Park, in a 
•tyle of Architecture not confined to any one Grecian model i 
and the following inscription is pkced on a pedestal supporting 
an urn under a colonnade flanking the entrance : 
'' NxcoLAUs RsvaTt, Suflbldenda; 
qui, plurimos annos , 
Romae, Athenis, et Smyme, commoratus, 
banc Ecclesiam, 
ad antique Architecturae exemplaria 
que in Graecili, atque Asift Minori, adhuc viauntu^ 
designavit, extruxit, deoMravitj 
Hoc Monumentum posuit 
sumptibua Ltonelli Lyob, Baronetti, mocculxxviii/' 

On a correapondina^ pedestal is an inscription to Sir Lionel 
Lyde, Bsut. who die^ in 1791, aged 68. — After the new church 
had been consecratedf, and made use of, ^hop Thurlow refused 

t 9tt the ceremony of the conteontion, Qent. Maf . LIX. 370. 

jLf hit 

Digitized by 


J48 UT£RiHiy ANECD0TJK8 . [l794. 

Kewtoit'i^ ; who superintended also a part of tb^ 
Third, wbeh his death, in 17S0, again interrupted 
the printing of the Work -f*; which found, however^ 
an able continuator;|: in Mr. ReVeley §. A Fourth 

his licence to take down the old one, which still remains, witli 
the monuments of its patrons and bene&ctors, a beautiful ruin. 
— Mr. Revett, who was described in 1789 as " occasionally 
enlivening a small select circle of friends with his li\^ly conver- 
Sa^on/* cued, at a vei-y advanced age, in June 1804. The efibcts 
of his labours and researches will for ever remain monuments 
of his memonr and talents as an Artist, whilst those noble 
publications of Palmyra, Balbeck, and the Ionian Antiquities, 
are admitted into the cabinets of the cmious. His valuable Li- 
brary of books of Architecture, and Drawings by himself and 
others, including many on sacredsubjects in four volumes by Dr. 
Stukeley, was sold by Mr. Christie on the 26th and ^th of June. 

* William Newton, Esq. Clerk of the Works at Greenwich 
Hospital, Architect of the then newly erected part of that 
noble buUding, died at Sidford, near Sidmouth, in July 1790. 

t The Three Voltunes contain 281 Plates, engraved by the 
best Artists, of Views, Architecture, Plans, &c. with Letter-press, 
histoncal and descriptive, illxistrating by a research of many 
years* labour and great expence, the purest examples of Gi-ecian 
Architecture, many of which no longer exist, and the tmes of 
them can be fbund only in this work. 

J •* With pleasure we resume the contemplation of this work, 
Tirhich does so much credit to the national genius and taste, and 
completes Mr. Stuart's plan : and to regret the loss of its Author 
as its Editor, would be to pay a bad compliment to the Friwid who, 
on the death of Mr. Newton, undertook that task for the present 
volume. This friend is no other than Mr. Reveley, whose draw- 
ings brought all Athens and Egypt before our eyes, when he ex- 
hibited them to select visitors, and make us regret that he has 
not yet offered them to the Publick. Who so fit to express the 
ideas of Mr. Stuart, and to supply them, as a man who had hitn- 
self attentively examined the same subjects ? Accordingly Mr. 
Reveley candidly informs us where he has filled up the interstices 
both of description and drawing, and continued Mr. Stuart's 
observations by his own when he visited the spot in 1785." 

Gent, Mag. LXF. 137. 

§ Mr. Willey Reveley, amanofgreat attainments in his science, 
had foHowed tlie steps of Athenian Stuart, in his travels througli 
Greece, and reskience at Athens ; and had availed himself of all 
the advantages which might be derived from visiting the archi- 
tectural remains in that part of the East. His coUectiOQ of 
drawings, universally known to all the lovers of art, and ad- 
mirers of Classic Antiquity, were made during his progress j "^ 
wbteb, 1 have been informed, he aecompimied Sir Biduii^ 


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Volume, conUtning mora thaft 70 Plates^ mky 
shortly be expected, under the aopeiintendance of 

Worrioyf till, on soma difereooi, thieiy separated, a^d Mr. Kevcley 
retained hi< own drawing, which he afterward^ exhibited to 
fus particfilar fHenda. t& principal work id the^ New Church 
U douthanij^oo, whkh pOMesses gMat merk as it ia; and would 
have been a very distinguiihed monument of hit talentB, if lii> 
origijial design had been oompleted, and he had not been curbed 
and controufed in the progress of it by his employers. His Plans 
for Wet Docks on the Thame$^ which were ofiered to the consi- 
deration of Parliament, display a very comprehensive knowledge 
of the various branches of his profession connected with such an 
undertaking. We have heard that he first suggested the con* 
version (^tne Isle of Dogs to (hat use. These Plans he sometimes 
thought of publishing, with large explanations and technical ac- 
counts of every part ', but ! know not how far he had proceeded, 
or whether he had proceeiled at all, in fulfilling such an inten- 
tion. He was once tantalized with the flattering expectation of 
being employed at Bath, in erecting a suite of buildings for a new 
arrangement of the public baths in that city. He accordingly 
made designs of great beauty and elegance, replete with conve- 
nience, fun of rare contrivance, and disposed in an original style 
of accommodation. But this hope passed away, as Mr. Revet^'« 
hopes were very apt to do. In 1795 he was the Editor of Mr. 
Stuart's Thiid Volume j and was pecuTiarly qiialified, by his 
local and professional knowledge, for that office. He had been 
a pupil of Sir Williajri Chambers ; and, with alT the subsequent 
aa\-amages derived fiom travd and residence in Italy and Greece, 
it might have been supposed that he had a very faSr prospect of 
success in his profession. But Mr. Reveley had rather an aukward 
way of letting loose his opinions ; and had habituated himself to 
a sarcastic mode of delivering them. It need not be added^ that 
such <)ualitie8 were not calculated to render him popular -, and 
it is apprehended that they influenced many, who were dispoacj 
to employ him, to seek Architects of a more pliant and accommo- 
dating disposition. He entertained a very high opiniop of the 
pFofbsion of an Architect ; but it did not check his industr)* by 
any supercilious affectation of importance, for he sought employ* 
ment wherever a liberal spirit would permit him to seek it. This 
activity, however, appears, from some untowsyxl circumstance 
or other, to have been continually baffled. He once made tk 
journey to Cantei-bury, with a set of admirable designs for a 
County Infirmary, in consequence of an advertisenient fVom the 
^Governors of the then projected Hospital in that City, which in- 
cited Architects to make proposals for the erection of such an 
edifice. His designs were approved and admitted ; but« alter 
some oonaideration, the Committee jappointed tojconduct the 
(nisiness proposed to purchase the drawings^ and trust the exe- 

Digitized by 



Mr. J. Taylor, an iatelli^nt and enterprizing 
Publisher of Works of Architecture. 

"Albion, a Poem,- byMr.Wal)er. 

5* An Appendix to the Report of the Select Com- 
mittee* of Inquiry, appointed by a General Court of 
Governors of the Royal Hospitals of Bridewell and 
Bethlem, Jan. 10, 1793^ 4to. 

" The Medical SpecUtorf , Vols. I. and II.'' 8vo.^ 

cutionofthem to a country builder, inordertosaTetheexpenoe 
of an Architect. Mr. Reveley> mortified at this treatment of hit 
profettional character, rather warmly, but Tery innocently ob- 
served, that to commit a work of such consequence to a common 
Gprpenter, when an Architect was at hand, would be as injudicious 
as if any one, in a case of great danger, should apply to an 
Apothecairy when he could consult a Physician. If was statad 
at the time that a member of the Committee was an Apo- 
thecary ) and Mr. Reveley was astonished to find himself and 
his designs dismissed, to make room for a Builder, who probably 
was not qualified to make such frivolous distinctions. This ae- 
complished Architect was a man of strict integrity in all his deal« 
ings, and the little eccentricities of his character had no ten- 
dency to weaken the main supporters of it. He died, after a few 
^OUTB illness, in the prime of life, July $, 1799. 
^ * On the Report of that Committee, of which 1 had the ho- 
nour of being an active Member, many useful regulations were 
introduced in those munificent and truly Royal establishments, 
t " The ingenious Author of thb Miscellany, in imitation of 
Ids predecessor the Spectator, begins by giving an account of 
himself, and seven companions, members of the Medico-Specta- 
torial-Qub, who are all engaged in the different branches of the 
practice of Physic. We may, therefore, expect in the course of 
th^ Work, observations on every thing new or important in that 
Science. The principal part of the first Volume is employed in 
examining the Harringtpnian system of the atmosphere, and the 
use of respiration, contracted with the opinions on those sub- 
jects, of Priestley, Lavpisler, Black, Crawford, &c. — In tike 
course of the Volume are many humourous and entertaining 
papers, anecdotes, &c. intended probably to amuse and relieve 
the Reader, amidst his more grave and serious lucubrationa ; 
and with that view, we will add, they may be read with ad- 
vantage.** Britiih Critic^ UL 699, 700. 

} This scientific and very amusing work,' not meeting with 
the encouragement which it well deserved, was closed when 
a small part only of the Thkd Volume was completed. The 
Author was shrewdly suspected to be Dr. John Sherwen, an 
eminent Physkaan at Bath, and a strenuous advocate for the 
aii^t^entkity of Rowley's Poems. 

^^ Poems, 

Digitized by 



*' Poems, Lyric and Piitoral. By Edward Wil- 
liams*, Euxld wrth Fraint a Defod Beirdd Ynys 
Prydain,'* 2 vols. l«mo. 

" A Discourse, bjr way of a General Preface 
to the Quarto Edition of Bishop Warburton*s 
Works; containing some Account of the Life, 
Writings, and Character of the Author.** 4to. 

"The Works of William Hay, Esq* collected, ia 
Two handsome Quarta Volumes ; now become ex-> 
ceedingly rare. 

A new Edition of " Bishop Percy *s Reliques of 
Ancient English Poetry,*' 3 vols. 8vo. 

" The Will of King Henry the Eighth, from an 
authentic Copy, in the Hano^ of an Attorney [Mr. 
Francis SearleJ.** 4to.-f' 

'' A Sermon, preached at St. Magnus Church, 
London Bridge, at the Anniversary of the Royal 
Humane Society:];, on Sunday, March 2$, 1794* 

* '' Dr. Johnson, with hb Cbma] pecti1iarity» somewhere siiys 
of the work of an uneducated Writer^ that, compared with ex- 
etUence, it k nothing, but is very well for the penon who wrote 
it. The Pbems befvre us, which are the production of a Welsh 
Mason, deserve a more fisTourable sentence, and will be read 
wkh lively interest by all such as desire to become acquainted 
with the long-hidden scrolls of Cymbric verse. — On the whole, 
these voluaics merit attention, and afibrd much amusement: 
hut we think that the really ingenious Author would better 
have consulted the permanence of his reputation by suppressing 
t porticm of his efRisions, and by making public only his more 
setoet productions.** M. Reo. N. S. XIIL 405, 4 1 4. 

t " This makes the Collection of what are called Royal ffilit 
sonplste. Mr. Nichob [mblished all the Royal Wills known to 
be extant, from the reign of William the Conqueror to that of 
Henry the Seventh, mnry the Seventh's Will was published 
isparately ; and this of Henry the Eighth, being printed in the 
nme size with the preceding, will be thankfully received by all 
to whom the firmer were of value." Britiih CrUk, III. 205. 

t For Mr. Urban's account of this and of two other of the 
sarly Diicoorses of one of the first Scholars and one of' the 
most energetic Preachers of the present age, see Gent. Mag. 
LXIII. 955, 1139; LXIV. 811 ; one of which articles shall be 
trsnscribed : '< We have frequently heard the classical attain- 
ments of this gentleman spoken of in terms of high respect; 
sod the Sermon before us (' The Ccmnexion of the Duties of 


Digitized by 


Qy Thooiai ftenvell, D. I>.« late Fellow of King^t 
Collie, C$ifil»ridge, a|i4 Rector of St. Magmit. 

^d sidera rursus 

J^thBtM ^ mp^ascmti v€»isH sub aaira#— r 
-^Ec^e repertgres mtedicince ta&s et artis. Vikg/ 
^^ A coficise Treatise on the Clourts of Law of the 
City of London. By Thooiaa Emeifsoa^, w At- 

I6viiig the Brotherhood, fearing €iod, and honouring the King/) 
bearing sure evidence of 8 strong and manly spirit, cannot odl 
to extend and confirm his great character. In the Second 
(< Pnac^lfa ^ Fc«ach B^puMicani•^| esoentiaUy founded on 
Violence and filood-guilUness^') he sets out with general obser- 
vations on the necessity of Government to keen mankind ia 
M^er^ and' a remark, that the caution against blood-guiltiness 
ai^es a3ik» to the governed as well as govemon ^ paints the 
horrid scenes acting in France ; and noncludes with a pathetic 
warning tp his aud^nce to profit by the same exan;iple.' In the 
Third Sermon, Dr. Rennell takes occasion to remonstrate 
against the daneerous and spreading prevalence of the vice of 
Qfim^g * Think,' says he, ' that in all these scenes which every 
day announces to us as exhibidng in the jpoliter part of the Ma- 
ttopolis, when rank and elegance con^bine their powevitii and 
fy^nnftting ddusions, when evoy exitemal deooration which art 
, ^|nd splendour can devise, is subsidiary to them — thiidiL thn^ 
in the midst of these seductive scenes^ you see ^tn, ¥t<mik 
tieggary, and tuUimely D^o^Ar-^hink that you see the hand of 
the Suicide U^ed against himself, and that Suicide your omi 
darling child ! gone forward tp the bar of eternal justice, as « 
swift witness against the authors of his existence, for havuw 
farly sown in him the seeds of temporal destruction and eiomu 
de^ — and thep, i^ po^iUe, think th^ fiuthfol Minkteia of 
Q^t too impgrtunate when they exhort you to flee, in ttm 
early stages of these calaniities-, as for.your lives, when tb^ warn 
Jipi:^ ^v^ in those habits which to carekss ind untjhiiiking 
mindly aj^peajT of an indifferent tendency, qot to ^piixn 4m 
dic^UOiQs of nature and conscience, and to expoee those wboaa 
God h^ consigned to, your protection and care to the ilooA* 
gi^tes of such wickedness, anguish, aad desolation !** 

« Thomas Rennell, od( King*s Col)c^^ Cambridge^ R A. aad 
EiebendfU'y of Winchester, 1777 i M. A, (jm. LUaw ifcgic^ 
1779 i Rector, of St Magnus and St. Margaret, JLondon. 1798 
6refl^ed 180a>; D. D. L794 -, Master of th^ Tetf^, 1797] 
^bendary of HarJestoii, in the CathednU Church of St Fanl^ 
1809i; Dean of Winchester 1805 3 and Rector (tf Ahtafefd^ 

tfifj:.&mr8Wwa^Qf$tqpl^lrm^3 a maA «f alnM in^cgitci^ 


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^794-] OF TIW UfffTSSNTH CENTURY. 15^ 

lomey of the Court oS King^s Bench, and one of 
the Fouv Attomie^ of the Lord Mayor's Court*/' 

<^ Account of a rich iiluminated Miaflal, executed 
for John, Duke of Bedford, R^nt ^f France 
under Henry VI.*f* ; and afterwards ia the Pbsscasieii 
of the late Duchess of PortUmdJ,** 4to. 

asd of emiaenfie in kk profesBioii. H* ksdl irarcha8i4> m 1788, 
tha office of one of tWAIioroegwctf the LwlMsgKWsCburt; tn^ 
in the Long Vacation of 1801> being on a visit to his friends at 
Newcastle, he was unfortunately drovafd ujk tfa^ 1^)9 in the 
beginnic^ of October. 

* '' Among the many valuaUs privikgfs apperlai«ing to* the 
City of irondoa.h^ prescriptive ligh^,, we look upoa tka JMImI 
Franchise of th^t City aa worthy of pertkuUir altt olifim Thii 
Ifraachise^ as exercised throt^h the City Cawrts el ls.w, atf qbcH- 
naryjuritdiction, is the sut^eot of the f eUQ w aeg #he«ta. The 
CUy*8 Courts, which maybe saki to be Comia of Ontitoevy JiiBi»> 
diction, are four in munber ; namelj , the Comet of Hustiiigs, 
the Mayor*s Court, and the two Sberiib* Courts, eaeki wh ei o af 
hath junsdictiptt throughout tke wh^le City, so^fiar ai lelalee to 
the mattera respeotiv^ ceg^ijLzahk therein ; biK ibem Courts 
differ materiaUy as to the objects of their Juxisdfctioa ', IhcjiMxy 
too as to the mode of hoJding Pleas, ^pme of theca pSMminy 
thai power by virtue of an original rif^ wWch isi iaheatnt is 
them i to others k is given by the King a wvi^ issuing oat af 
Chancery. Those Conrtsaselikewiee of dififesaalb degrees afpoa^ 
eminence, so^^e of them being supeiicur to, mtd eauerokiaga 
coatroa) over the otkeas» ia some cases befote^ iA otfaeo mmt 
jaiga^eialt, of aU which matters we shatt tntaBtiadev tiw proper 
leadd to which thsy beloni^** 4(ttMpr> hiiroditfiim. 

t " This account of a most curious Missal is renurkahly wid 
dravnaupi and sets ia a stpoeg point of view tks'iMeksss industry 
<tf Si^^enatioo. ' 3L Beti. N. S. XV. 33. 

X This bibliegrephk»l tmasurew yk is wdl knepm^ was parv 
fhyMTTJ b^ Mi. Edwards> of P^ Mall'i vho^ patss^ ar wjmmj 
spirit^ a^oeeded that of evepn. CcownfKi Deiads -^ aad to- Mn 
Siwasds the pubtkatk>n is thu^ dejieated: ^ 

'' To waom, with greater frepriely« can be iascribsd, an HAia* 
tntiMi of the Bedfoid Blissal, thaa*. to> himiishoi. wMi the sfiris 
^ lyordwse it, unites the- taste to possess it I Anteme, 8hr> 
tUs ^leadid mo^uase^tof the^ Ar^ iaths S^fteeaih Centatyv 
aod. prscious meaoiorial of one of tbe aiqvt iflaslriooa is the cats* 
logue of £ngiish Worthies^ to remain eMm sa aa hekvkxmi. ia 
jomr owa fionilfy or as a deposit i4.sQipe of out MalioaeliCel- 
fectioBSt And aiay it siirove ta ktestt pettsrity^ aaeuse teas 
Ihs raiBgM ef Tuae^ as tha fiar worse* hvoo e^MMfcatFrauf* 
Believe %at, Sir, Your obliged humble servant, R. GotT^n.*^ 

" Elegia 

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154 LITERARY AVfiCDOm [l794* 

*^ Elegia Grayiana Gr«ci; Interprete Ste- 
phano Weston*, S. T. B* Hempston Parv« 
fcctore, R.S.S.f" 4to. 

" Elegia Thomae Gray Graec^l reddita. Curavit 
B.. E. Sparke§, A. M.'* 

^' Elegia Grayiana Graec^ II . Accedit etiam Epita^* 
phium in Ecciesia Episcopali Bristoliensi & Grsci 

♦ SeeToLVnip. 149. 

f " Mr. Weston's performance is ushered in by a joint dediea- 
tion to Lord Chancellor Loughborough, the Earl of Lbbume^ 
and Sir George JBalcer, Bart. More respectable names do not 
easily present themselves to the mind*— and we congratulate Bfr. 
Weston on the possession of such a triad of friends. The Work 
is printed with uncommon elegance of type, paper, and arrange- 
ment—and does credit to the taste of the Author.** Br. Crit. V. 135. 

X ** Mr. $parke*s translation almost rivals that of Mr. Weston 
inelegance.** /6uf.9S8. 

k Bowyer-fidward Sparke, of Pembroke Gdlkge, Qxfind > 
B.A. 1789; M.A. 1785; Chaplain to the Duke of RutHoid; 
Rector of Waltham, Leicestershire, 1789 ; D. D. and Dean of 
Bristol 1808. He published a^'Concio ad Clerom,*' 1807 ; was 
elected Bishop <tf Chester 1810; and translated to Ely in 1813. 
This very learned and benevolent Prelate has frequently been 
invited to advocate the caCise of Public Charities; and has 
ideaded for them with singular al^ity and suceess. Among 
nis single Sermons which have been printed, are, 1. <'Onthe 30di 
of January 1810, before the House of Lords ;** %. " At the 
Foundling Hospital, 1810;** 3. '' Fbr the Royal Humane So- 
cicfy, 1814;* 

II The translating of this celebrated El^;y into Greek was at 
that time a fashionable amusement The earliest versicm of it 
into that language was^published, in 1785, by the Rev. William 
Cooke, M. A. Fdlow of King's College, andOrecOcnrofeasor at CanK 
brid^ (son of the late venerable Dean of Ely) at the end of hii 
Edition of Aristotle's Poetics ; who was followed by the Rer. 
Jk>hn Norbury, D. D. FeUow of Eton, in 1793 ; by the Rev. 
Stephen Western, B. D. ; the Rev. B. £. Sparke, M. A. (now Kshop 
of Ely); and the Rev. Charles Cootef, LLD. in 1794 ; bir the 
Rev. Edward Tew, M. A. Fellow of Eton, in 1795 ; and by the 
Rev. John Ptumptre, M. A. Canon of Worcester, and PeUow of 
King's College, in 1796. 

f Dean of Kilfanora in Ireland, and Cbaonter of Christ Church. He 
pabltabed ^ The Life of -Julius Cesar, drawii from the moot authentic 
Sources of Infonaalioai 1796/ 8vo ; and died at DnbUn hi the saMe 
yesTf Feb. 17. 


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redditum*. Intcrprete Edvardo Tew*f*, ' A. M. 
Coll. Etonent. See." 4to. 

'' A Fortnighf 8 Ramble to the Lakes in West* 
mordand, Lancashire^ and Cumberland |. By 
A Rambler ^y Second Edition/ 8vo. 

* '' We announced at a very early period of our labours that 
Mr. Cooke and Dr. Norbury would be succeeded by various com* 
pc^itoiB. We announced, too» that another Grecian [Mr. Tew] 
would soon enter the Ikts^ though not with sufficient speed 
to enable us to submit his performance to the public decision^ 
together with those which at that period fell under our con* 
^deration.*' BrUic Critic, V. 626. 

t Educated at Etonj admitted thence at King's College, 
Omabricke, 1753 s B. A. 1758 > M. A. 1761 ; elected Fellow of 
Eton CoQege, Dec. S4, 1781. 

% "Wearehappytofind that our livelyCorrespondenthastaken 
in good part the hints thrown out tahim/' Geni Mag. LXVI. 132. 

§ Of Mr. Budworth [now Joi^ Palmer, Esq. of Palmers- 
ton, CO. Mayo] some tndts have been already given^i from his 
own pen, in vol. III. pp. 334, 340 ; and again in the present 
Tolume, p. 140. This entertaining Ramble was first published in 
1799 ; re-printed in 1795 ^ and in a Thhrd Edition of it, in 
18iO, the Author's name is thus subjoined to the Dedication : 
" To William Noble^ Esq. Banker, Pall MaU, London. 

<' Were there a man on earth whom I este^n more than 1 do 
you, to him should this Book have been dedicated. You ex* 
preaaed a wish to visit your Native Country. Most willingly 
I accompanied you. A better guide I could not have had. Your 
iqpiunoval of mv descriptions made me write with energy and 
fleetness, and cu%w me before the Publick^ I could never ma&e^ 
luiown the many obligatjons you have showered down upon me *^ 
but, besides the havii^ ordered a Captain of a ship to supply me 
during hard times at Gibraltar with whatever I wanted, in meat« 
Hquor, or apparel : in this Edition I venture (without asking 
permission) to mention what you did for me, when imperiously 
Ibrced to quit the service in which I commenced my military 
career : — ^in point of assistance, you made me in reality a Sol- 
dier of Fortune ; besides other obligations, in since giving your 
time and sahitary advice, and with such efibct, as to entitle you 
to mine, and my &mily*s, gratitude in a new shape. The cup 
was up to the inim b^ore; but it hath so repeatedly ran over, 
'' It is for ever flowing, and for ever foil. 
*' I am^ with ^teem, your obliged, affectionate, and most 
fidthiiil Friend, Jos. Budworth.** 

The Pre&oe is truly characteristic of the Author's benevolence : 

# or whan a g«o4 Portrait is pfefiMd to tbe *« FortaighCs Ramble." 


Digitized by 



^^ The Work* of John Hall-Stewnion, Esq. coo-r 
taining, Crazy Tales, Fables for Grown Gendemen, 
Lyric Epistles, Pastoral Cordial, Pastoral Puke, 
Macarony Fables^ Lyrie CoDsoiatians, Moral Tales, 

" Having closed the Tour in August 179^, as many copies 
were sold, in less than six months from the making <^ it» as 
cleared me of every expence whatever ; and many inaccuraciet 
staring me in the face* I stopped the sale, had the temaining 
copies disfigured, and made an exchange of them at a celebrated 
Literary Reposit&ry in Cockspur-street j by which 1 had the sa- 
tisfaction of balancing a femous MBitarv Trunk for my labours^ 
and of thinking they are still useful, and rambling over the Four 
(Jiiarters of the Globe. A Second Edition came out in 1795, 
tevised and improved, as expressed in the Preface to it. The sak 
was slow, but progressive ; and most probably if wovid never 
have gone a&esh to the press, if a dreadful Fire had not con- 
sumed tbe extensive premisses of the Printeis } when, out of 
an impression of 1000 copies, mere than 500 perished -, — an in- 
significant Toss as &r as related to this Ramble;, but to the re- 
spectable Owners, and to the World of Letters (in part) irre|Ki- 
rable ;. as many scarce and invaluable Books are no more -, and, 
anione&t these. Six Portions of the History of Leicestershire ! — 
a work founded on such stout Antiquarian knowledge and re- 
search, sound sense, and inde&tigable labour, that, besides tbe 
dfipth of Leicestershire being explorefd, there is scarcely a County 
unmentioned, and whose Historians must not reap advantage 
from it. tJnbroken, however, by heavy losses; and faithful to 
bis ftieadships ; thQ Authoi is^ in old age, pursuing his original 
design with the zeal of youth. After such a visitation, when the 
Fire bad scarcely left a vnreck> I considered my RamBte to havs 
been extinguished ; but, understanding from some Booksellers 
0md other channels) that it was in request, and having a life of 
kisure, and not being aUe to make those manly excursions, 
which were my delight, but never fetigued — the Influenza of 180$ 
having so humbled me, that the least exercise wearies more 
than the severest used to do 3 — I have consequently been fibrced 
upon mental resources : and 1 thank tx^ God, that past Rambles, 
and Military reflections, can furnish materials, which tend to 
lessen the calamity, and foster resignation un^r it. Conside- 
rable additions are introduced into this Book » thoi^h the Roin- 
hle» with the exchange of one chapter (>rhich was no credit to it)*. 
is nearly the same j only parts of k having. Note* hiaaching from 
tbem« in which there is much extraneous matter j, sush may 
come under the head of Miscellanaoua^ or Dsttiana, But, in 
whatever shape it is received^ it wOlbe foMnd b\iilt upoiv Truth. 
—There are but 250 copies struck off, as it is onty published to 
be kept alive y and emohismrt* it se* ftr Akmh* a ctnsMbratitm, 
ttMC w sole expence resti^ with the Author, whi^h is akeady 


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17^5'] ^^ '^^^ EIOHTBENTH CENTURY. 13 f 

Mooki$h Epitaphd, &c. Sue. &c. Corrected and ear 
laired. With several original Poems, novir first 
printed, and explanatory Notes*.** 

A new Edition -f- of " Travels in the Two Sicilies, 
by Henry Swinburne:^, Esq. in the Years 1777, 
1778, I779y and 1780;' 4 vols. 8vo. [1790.] 

*' PhUictetes in Lemms. A, in Three 

settled for ; and the entire sale shall go to a charity in his native 
town [the Mtanchester Infirmary] ; the funds whereof, it is an 
imptrioas duty to rattiark^ are not cotmnensuiBte to its bound- 
less and healing uulity. J. B/; 

To the Third Edition were added " A Re-visit to Butteranere* 
January 1795,** and " Half Pay/' the Poem noticed in p. 141. 

* Of this Work, and of its Author, see vol. HI p. 87. 

t Which should hare been earlier notiord (oader 1790). 

t This celebrated Travttller was the youngest son of Sir John 
Swinburne, of Capheat^n^ Northumberland (the third baronet^ 
who died in 1744 — 5) the long-established seat of that ancient 
Roman Catholie fimruty. He was educated at Scorton school it. 
Yorkshire ; and afterwards studied at Paris, Bourdeaux, and ia 
the Royal Academy at Turin. He made the usual tour uf Italy ; 
and, in 1774| travelled with his lady on the Continent, for the 
express purpose of indulging their taste for Antiquities and the 
Fine Arts. He spent six years in France, Spain, Italy, and Ger- 
mlmy ; fanned an intimacy with some of the most celebrated 
literati of those countiies, and received some signal marks of 
esteem from the Sovereigns of the Courts he visited. On his re- 
turn to England, he retired to his seat at Hamsterley. The learning 
and ingenuity of Mr. Swinburne are well known. The warmth 
and animation of hs descriptions discover an imagination highly 
susceptible of every bounty of Nature or Art $ and, if he had a 
failt, it was the being Too apt; to reliaqnish simplicity for prof^sioa 
c^ ornament :-^bat, from this fault, what Traveller is free ? He 
was the ftnit who brought us intimately acquainted with Spain, 
mud the Arts and Monum^ts of its ancient inlMihitaats. A 
Letter of Mr. Swinburne, under the assfimed name of Poa*> 
cutTira, in answer tosome remarks on his Travels^ and destfrM^ * 
ing « Roman altar then in his possession, is printed in Gent. 
Sfog. 1784^ vdI. LIV. p. 975. He marrM Martha, daughter df 
John Baker, of Chichester, Esq. S(^eitor t» the Leeward Mandi, 
by whom fae had sever^ childr^, most of whom diied young. 
Bf the marriage, however, of an only narviving daughter, to 
Faul Benfiekl, Esq. he became involved m the misfomiyies of his 
rriation ; taoA obtained a place in the newly-ceded settlement Of 
Trmidad, where he died in April 1M3. His Lihrf*7 had been 
9M by Messrs. Leigh and Sotheby in the preceding year, aad 
the meet interesting articles in it hoiig^t4n by hk brother. 


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15S literaKy akbcdotes [l79jb 

Acts. To which it prefixed, A Green-Room So^ie^ 
exhibiting a Sketch of the present Theatrical Taste : 
inscribed, with due Deference, to the Managera of 
Covent-Gktrden and Dniry-Lane Theatres, by their 
humble Servant, Oxoniensis*/' 8vo. 

"A 'Voyage round the World, in the Gorgoa 
Man of War, Captain John Parker. Performed 
and written by his Widow -f-,** 8vo. 

'< Isaiah. A new Translation ; with a Prelimi- 
nary Dissertation, and Notes critical, philological^ 
and explanatory. By Robert Lowth, D. D. 
F. R. SS. Lond. & Goetting. Lord Bishop of 
London.'* 2 vols. 8vo. 

^< A Sermon preached before the Lords %>iritual 
and Temporal, at the- Abbey Church of Westmin- 
ster, Feb. ZSj 1795 f being the Day appointed for a 
General Fast By Henry Reginald, Lord Bishop 
of Bristol :{;.•• 4to. 

'^ An Antiquarian Romance; endeavouring to 
mark a Line by which the most ancient People, and 
the Precessions of the earliest Inhabitancy of Eu- 
rope, may be investigated. Some Remarks on Mr. 
Whitaker's Criticism are annexed. By Governor 
Pownall.** 8vo. 

* The Rev. Thomas Monro ; see befinre^ p. 77* 
t '< It is a rare circumstance, indeed^ to see a female name in 
the list of Circumnavigators ; aiid» whcun we consider that it is a 
disconsolate Widow who details the particulars^ we are sony for 
the immediate occasion. In the Spring of the year 1791, Mrs. 
Ptoker, at the pressing request of an aflectionate husband, em* 
barked with him on a voyage, with troops, stores, &c for the 
new Colony at Port Jackson, erroneously called Botany Bay. 
Of the occurrences which principally attracted her notice during 
the vc^raee, both out¥mrd and homeward, she have given apkin, 
imoanii«Mf,butnotunantertainingrecital.** M,Rev,KS.xLll%. 
t Henry Reginald Courtenay, son (ji Sir William Court«ugr, 
of Powderham, in Devon i but brother of the first Viscount 
Courtenay, and uncle of the present, was educated at Chrkt 
Church, Oxford; M. A. 17G6| Ptebendary of Exeter 176..; 
Rector of Lee in Kent, and Prebendaiy of St Andrew, in the 
Cathedral of Rochester, 1773 1 B.p.L. Chaplain to his Mi^jcsty, 
and Rector /ot St George, Hanover Square^ 1774 ) Bishop of 
Bristol 1794, where he delivered a Pcuoaiy Chaige in 1796 ; 


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"" Two Treatises on the Corn Trade f printed for 
the City of London^ for the Use of a Committee 
then employed in the investigation of that important 

'^An Essay on the Life and Genius of Dr. 
Johnson^ by Arthur Murphy*, Esq.** 

^* Miscellaneous Antiquities, No. V ; containing 
Historical Particulars of Lambeth Parish and Lam- 
beth Palace ; in Addition to the Histories bv'Dr. 
Ducarei [and Mr. Nichols] in the Bibliotheca Topo- 
eniphica Britannica. By the Rev. Samuel Denne, 
M. A. F. S. A. Vicar of Wilmington and Darenth, 
Kenf 4to. 

^* Conjectures, with short Comments and Illus- . 
trations of various Passages in the New Testament, 
particularly in the Gospel of St. MaUhew. To 
which is added, a Specimen of Notes on the Old 
Testement. By Stephen Weston, B. D. &c.** 

"Varieties of Literature,*' 2 vols. 8vo. ; which 
were followed the next year by two other large Vo 
lames, 8vo. of curious " Extracts from Foreign Lite- 
rary Journals, and original MSS. now first pub- 
lished.^ — For these learned and amusing Compila- 
tions, which were favourably received by the publick, 
and are now both out of print, the readers were 
indebted to the Rev. William Tookef , F. R. S.— 

tramlated to Exeter 1797- He married, in 1774 1 UAy Elizabeth 
Howard, sitter to Thomas Eaii of Effingham, by whom lie had 
1 800 WOltain. The Bishop died June 9, 1808. 

* Fint printed in 17d3, and prefixed to a new Edition of Dr. 
Johnson's Works, instead of the lonffer Life which had bem 
written for that porpose, by Sir John Hawkins. — ^For this slight 
" EasMT** the Booksellen pidd Mr. Murphy 3001. 

t miring onoe more an inviting occasion to mention a much 
lespected Friend of early days, I shall observe, that the name ii 
of great antiquity in various parts of this country; ^'^^ 
bomraraUy noticed by Dr Philpot, Dr. Harris, and Mr. Haste^ 
in their respective Histories of Kent } by Chauncy and Salmon 
in Hertfordshire ; and by Morant in Esses. 

The&mily of Toke, Tooke, Tiike,or 7Vc4re,asthey haveatdilBwent 
times been variously spelt, are descended from LeSleurdeToom, 
called in some copies Tbc, and in ochers Todbi, mentioned in 
the Battle-abbey Roll -, having, among othen, attended WUHaip 


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Mifiy of the articles contained in theoe ibttr Vo- 
lames arc indeed extremely curious. If any^ how- 

the Conqueror in hb expedition hither, and being present on kis 
behalf in the memorable Battle of Hastings, Hia deaoendant 
Robert de Tooke» who is the first mentioned in the Pedigrees of 
this fiunily, bore for his arms. Parted per chevron Sable and Argent 
three gr^ffUu heads erased and cotmterchanged : Crest, a grifftn*s 
iiead erased^ holdmg inhk beak a Tuck proper. Motto, Militu 
Mba Multiplex. He was present with King Heniy III., in 
l^SA, at the battle of Northampton. His .great-grandson 
is called Tooke de Took, and of West Clilfe, from whom de- 
scended, in the fifth generation, John Tooke, of the manof 
of Bere> or Byers Court, in the parish Of West Clife ; who. 
lived in the reigns of Henry V. and Vt. and had three sons -, of 
whom Thomas, the eldest, was of Bere ; Ralph, the second, 
WAS ancestor of thorn of Cambridgeshire^ Dorsetshire, andHert- 
£ardshire ; and John, the third, died without male issue. 

Thomas Tookt, of Bere, married Joane, daughter of WiDiam 
Coldwell, Esq. of Codington (a manor within the parish of Great 
Chdit, in Kent), whose heir-general she at length was. He mar- 
ried, secondly, CeciMa, daughter of Sir Robert Oiicheley, niece t» 
the ArehlMshop, by whom be had issue. By his first wife he 
had three sons ; Ralph, who succeeded to the fisimily estate at 
Bere, where his posterity remained till the latter end of the I7th 
centnry 5 Richard; who died s. p. ; and John, the youngest, who 
had Godington by his Other's will, where he aftenrards resided, 
and had an augmientation of honour granted to his arms by Kin£ 
Henry VII. as a reward for his expedition in a message on which 
he was employed to the French King, being an adcStional coat 
of arms, vix. Argent, on a chevron between three greyhounds' heads 
erased Sable, collared Or, three plates ; which ooat tha Toketf^ 
of Godington have ever since borne in the first quarter of their 
arms, plactlig the original arms of Tooke in tiie second place -, 
In whose decendlmts, resident here, most of whom lie hvoM iq 
the parish church, the seat at Godington continued, down to 
>fi^holas Tooke, alias Toke, £sq. usually called Captain Toke ; 
who " so industriously and elegantly cultivated and improved oar 
English tines, that the wine pressed and extracted out of their 
grapes seems not only to parallel, but almost to out-rival diat of 
mmce.*' He vrasSheriffof Kent in 1663} and, dying in 1680, was 
hiuriad in the chancel of the efavach, with his ^v^ frivts. There 
iate anecdote of him in the fiunily, that, at the age of d3, 
bttog left a widower, he;^ walked ^m thence to London, to 
pay his atddresses to a sixth wife ; but, being taken ill, he yr^ 
sently died. His t'ortrait (which, with that of his fiflh wiffe, 
Oima, daughter of the Earl of Winchdsea, and a M*ies of 
teefottiaiti of the fettUy; sevo^l of whkfa are by Com^hn 
JailsieD> and aftheM equaUy |^, is preserved in (he Hall al 
i.' Oidiag^ 

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ever, are more highly deserving of that character 
than the rest, that superiority must be given to the 

Godin^bii) wdl expresses the strengthof his frame and constitu- 
tion. In the windows of the staircase at Codington are collected 
^l the family arms, quarterings, and mottoes, in painted glass, 
formerly dispersed throughout the house } which are numerous^ 
and weu pnssefved. Leaving no male issue by either of his wives^ 
he devised Codington, with the rest of his estates, to his nephew: 
and heit at law> Sir Nicholas Tooke, alias Toke, of Wye (son of his 
next brother, Henry Toke, M. D. of Off ham) ; who in 1701 raised 
A large vault fot his ^rnily against the North Wall of the church 
of Creat Chart, where several of an early date are recorded on 
flat stones, isnrich&d with their figures, and shields of arms, in 
brass. By marriage with the daughter of John Cockman, M. D. 
the manor and Prioty of Little Dunmow and the manor of fiem^ 
stow came to his family, and descended to John Tooke, £sq. 
who was High-sheriff of Essex in 1 770. 

The manor of Popes in Hertfordshire is reputed to hare been 
mice in the manor of Essendon, though at present in Hatfield 
parish. Being sold to one Holbeach, it was for a time called 
after his dame. From that family it was sold to Pope, and ever 
since retained that owner's name. Three parts of it passed after- 
wards, through various possessors, to Fulk Woodhallj who, 
joining with Bellamy, owner of the fourth, sold this manor to 
William Tooke, Esq. of Popes, (son of Ralph Tooke, of Co- 
diugton, by Anne daughter of William Meggs of Canterbury) 
Aumtor of the Court of Wards and Liveries; who married 
Alice, one of the daughters of Robert Barley, of Bibbesworth, 
Herts. They Kved together 56 years, and had nine sons and 
three daughters. After he had been an Officer of the said Court 
44 years, he died Dec. 4, 1558, aged 80; and was buried, with 
his wife, in Essendon church. 

Wilfom Tooke, of Hertford, second son of the Auditor, and his 
successor in the manor of Popes, obtained in 1554, jointly with Ed- 
ward Beash, a grant of the manor and advowson of Chettle in Dor- 
setshire. He married Mary daughter of Nicholas Tychboum,'Of 
RoydoD, Essex ; and died Feb. 13, 1611 ; Jiis widow Aug. <29, 
1613. Christopher, their fourth son, died Aug. 19, 1630. 

At the dissolution of the Mcaaastery of Waltham Holy Cross, 
King Henry VIU. granted th* manor of Wormley, Herts, and ths 
advowson of the mctory, to Edward North and his heirs, at an 
amraal rent of 12. 13f. -, who sold it to Elizabeth WooddiiSe, 
horn whom it came to William Woodclifie ; who left a daughter 
Angelot, married to Walter Tooke, of Popes, the Audito];*s 
ddest son; and in 1588 the sucdesscn: to his Other's office 
of Auditor. This Angelotj as appears by her Epitaph* oh 

« Here lietb interred the bo4y of Angelot Tooke, wife of Walter Tooke, 
of Popes, In the parish of Bitbops-Hiatfield, in the cootity of Hertford, 
fiM|. who bad Imus by him 8 s^ot and 4 datichttn ; irbith said Aoj^ot 

Vol. IX. M war 



l63 UTE&ART AKECltOTSS , [l795- 

four Dissertations oo the antient History of Northern 
Eurojpe by the learned Professor Schloetzer. Here 

the North side of the chancel of Wormley church, was a second 
daughter, in right of whom her husband prtsentei to the living 
altemis vicUiUM, It appears by Mr. Purvey*8 epitaph, who mar- 
ried Lord Denny's sister, that he also was patron altemis vicibus^ 
From hence it has been cQX\)cctured, that Mr. Puney's father, 
John, married the elder sister, and they were sharers in right 
of their wives, both of the manor and advewson, till it fell en- 
tirely to Tooke upon the elder sbter's death. The Purveya 
presented twice, and the Tookes four times 3 and the first pre- 
s(cntation was Purveys, as probably manning the elder sister. 

Walter Tooke had six sons ; 1. Ralph ; 2. William ; 3. John, 
who was Auditor of the Court of Wards and Liveries in 1609 , 
4. George -, 5. Francis -, 6. Thomas. 

Ralph Tooke, Esq. the eldest son, married Jane, the daughter 
of Edward Bysh, of Smalfield, Surrey, and died Dec. n, 1635. 
aged 77 years. She died Dec. 8, 1648. They were both buried 
at Kssendon. Leaving no issue, he gave the manor of Worml^ 
to t\^ o of his younger brothers, George and Thomas. 

George Tooke, Esq. of Popes married Anna Tooke % eldest 
daughter of llioroas Tooke, of fiere. He bore a very active 
part in the expedition against Cadiz in the year 1625 ; froia 
whence returning, after various adventures, be passed the re- 
mainder of his days at Popes, where he wrote several pieces of 
prose and verse, of very considerable merit — '' The IXemaids,*' 
a Poem j " The Eagle Trusser's Elegy, a Poem j in hondor 
of Prince Rupert ;** the latter of which, though consisting <^ 
not more than 100 pages, sold for three guineas at the sale of 
the books of Mr. Stace, bookseUer in Scotland Yard, in the 
year 1810. Mr. Greaves's learned account of the Pyramids of 
Egypt, 2 vote. 8vo. is dedicated to George Tooke, Esq. who 
was in long habits of intimacy with that profound scholar. 
Mr. Tooke, in taking leave of him when embarking in tha 
expedition against Cadiz, concludes by saying, II /out quitter la 
plume, pour dormir iur le dur. — George Tooke sold his portion of 
the manor of Wormley to Richard Woollaston, Esq. who was 
Gun-founder to Oliver Cromwell i and wbo^ grandson Richard 

was Second daughter, »urviVinp sister, snd edheir 6f WHliam Woodeliffc, 
Citistn andMcroerof London, Bn|.; and BlUiibeth biswM^ dauber 
•f -*— FIsber, of Lonipirorth, hi tfae'county of Oniocd, £sq. ; whiob said 
Williaai WooddifEs was Lord aod Patron uf this manor of Wormley. And 
after the decease of William her husband, the Raicl Eluabeth married 
Edward Saxilby, Esq. one of the Barons of the Exchequer, who, toge- 
ther with her two said bosbandi, lies alsQ here buried. Tht said Angdoit 
Tooke di*i May lAie Ian, 1^'-' 

• ** Here liethtbe body of Anna Tooke, eldest dbiufhter to Thomas 
Tooke, of Bere, in East Kent, and wife of George Tooke, of Popes, in 
the eounty of Hertford, Esq. groaning under corruution till that gveac 
day. She departed this life Dccembf r 9, 1643." Wormlty Church. 


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the Antiquaiy and the Historian may deiiTe infixv 
matioQ concerning the Sclavi^ the Goths^ the Huns, 

coDTegfed it to WilliaiQ Fdlovvoi, Esq. wbose ddert sod Coubton 
FeDoweSy Esq. .was th« potseMor ia 17^« 

TlunBas Tooke (tbo sixth and jroiuigest son of Walter) poi« 
jeaaed the other ynoiety of the vmnor, tShtd Wormky Biuy^ and 
held it dtiriDg his life. He aijic^aedisd bis brother Jcim as An^ 
d^orof theCourtof Ward^aodUweries; and married Elizabeth 
daughter of Sir Richard Atkins, of Oapham, Bert. By his 
willy dated 1670, he charged his estate in Wonnl^, Cheshunt^ and 
Broxbom, with 90l. per aniHiw to the rector of Womdey* and 
fbrtj shillings to the poor per anoiiQi. Hegave lOl to rmur the 
Chinrch and Steeple, aod 401. towards the repair of the rarson- 
age^honse. He also gave 50/. to bring wato* to a eonduk in the 
market'pUce at Hertfcnrd, or to the poor. His executors paid 
30/. of it to the poor. He also g^v^ 3/. per annum, amongst six , 
poor men, on St. Thomas*s day, not of his estate at Wormley . 
After his death, Wormley-Bwy was ^M to Thomas Winford, 
£aq ; who soM it to William WalUs, Esq. the possessor in 1799, 
in which year Mr. Felk>wes was Lord of the entire manor, tUa 
part of the manor having been purchased without the lands. 

Tbe manor and advowson of Womdefr ase now [1814] Sa 
posKsaion of Sir Abraham Hume, Bart. 

Janes Tooke, Esq. of Hertford, one of tiie Auditors of the 
Court of Wards and IiverieS| had issue by his wife Dorothy 
ao childrai. He died Nov. 91, she Nov. 98, 1656. 

Richard Tuke, Gent, a bru»di of the original Kentish stodi 
(though in tbis and other parts of the family the name 6f depr^ 
dation was called Tuke), was Tutor to the Duke of Norfolk 
and liord Thomas Howard s and had arms assigned him by King 
Edward IV. ; viz, A f€9i danoette behoem three Liom pat9tmt. 

Hia son, Bryaa Tuke, Esq. was in 1506 appointed to the 

PatentrofiBce of King's Bmliff and Vemnrof Sandwidi, with the 

wages and fees of twelve pence sterling a d^y. He was for 

some time Secretary to Cardinal Wolsej ; and in 1508 Secretaiv 

to the King for the French tongue; Treasurer of the King^ 

OiaaolKr i and Cfeck of the Sig«et. In 15% King Henry YIII. 

granted to Bryan Toeke» Esq. and his heirs, the manon of 

Thorpe Thorpe Hall, and East Lee, all in the parish of South- 

ehurch, Essex j and m the same year was knighted, and wa| 

•ent Ambassador to France with Bishop Tunstall. In 1583, 

bdng then of Hatfield, be was SheiifF of Hertfordshire and 

Essex ; and at the dissolution of the Abbey of Walthton Holv 

Cross, the King further gave him the manor of South Weald, 

and the RectcHry, together with an estate called Boswells, fojt 

£83/. 6$.Bd. &T Br^ Tooke married Grissel, daughter of Sir 

Edward Bongfaton, of Woolaston, and had three daughters > 

EHxabeth, wSb of Sir Reginald Soot ^ Alea^, of John May- 

uard, of London i and Mary, of George Tuehet, Lord Audley. 

m2 He 

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l64 lltERARV AStCDOTiS [l/SS- 

the Vandals, and the other populations that emitted 
their swarms to overrun the Roman Empire^ from ' 

He had also three sons, Maximilian, who died yottn^ ; Cfaailes, 
and George. He was a man of learning. Leland highly com- 
mends lum for hb wonderful eloquence in the English language^ 
'' Anglicae linguse eloquentiH mirificus ;** and, in his *' Encomia 
lllustrium Virorum/* celebrates him, in eight distinct little Latin 
Po^ms, as his Ben^ctor, and as a Patron of the Muses. 

" Bale saith, that be wrote Observations on Chaucer 5 as also 
against Polydore Vergil, for injuring the English; of whom, still 
alive, he justly and generously demanded reparations ; thoughsince, 
his unresponsable memory can make us no satisfaction. Dying 
Oct. 26, 1536, he lyeth buried with Dame Grissel his wife (deceas- 
ing two years after him) under a fair tomb in the North Isle of 
the Quire of St. Margaret's in Lothbury.** RUler's Worthies, Essex, 

Charles Tooke, second son of Sir Bryan, succeeded to the pa- 
ternal estates ; and had in 1645 a further grant of lands from the 
Crown.. He died March 29, 1547; and was succeeded by 
George, who had licence, in the same year, Dec. 10, to alienate 
South Weald to Sir Rich2»*d Riche ; and in 1567 was Sheriff of 
Essex. He married Maipuret, daughter* of William Morrice, 
<tf Cheping Ongar, Esq. by whom he had four sons, Peter, 
Bryan, Thomas*, and Morrioe ; and, dying in 1573, his son Peter 
sold liayer Mamey to Sir Samuel Payne -, and the manor of South 
Church, in 1590, to Robert Petre, Esq. 

Thomas Take, M. A. was presented by King James I. in 1617, 
to tiie Vicarage of St. Ola^^e Jewry ; but was sequestered March 
16, 164^2-3, plundered, and imprisoned, for his Loyalty f. His 
ion Thomas was also a hearty sufferer in the same caus^ : 
but had the honour of presenting a Bible and Common Prayer 
to Charles II. on his landing at Dover ; and the zealous attach- 
ment of the &mily was acknowledged, at the Restoration, by such 
rewards as Royal hands tied down by promise and compositions 
eould a&rd. The last-named gentleman, who inherited the &mily 
mansion of Bere Court, was the father of Dr. Thomas Tooke, whqse 
education was first at St. Paul's school, under the learned Dr. 
Gale, and more especially under the care of Mr. Fox, to whom he 
.owned many obligations, and to whose family he was a constant 
and generous benefactor. He was admitted in Bene't College, 
Cambridge, under the tuition of Dr; Cory, 1« Oct. 16S5 j B. A. 
1689 ', and, the learned Dr. ^ncer with the body having a just 
regard to his talents and improvement, he was chosen a Fellow 

♦ Samuel Tuk#», Esq. of Cressing Temple, Essex, a younger soa of 

this Thomas, was created a Baronet in 1664. 

I t ** May SJo, 1654, died Mrs. Take, wife of M Parson ThomasTvtke, 
.Vicar of St. Olavc's, Old Jury."— "Sept. 12, 1657, buried oWifr. Thomas 

Tkke, (once Minister of St. Olave's, in the Old Jury), at the new chapel 

by the new market place in Lincoln's Inn Fields." Smith's Obituary, in 
*Peck*& Desiderata, II. 534, 5^37.— Another Mr. JlSikt, a Nonconformist 

of the Congrefrational persuasion, an old man and h!md, was ejecttd in 
.\9QZ from tb« Cbapelry of Sutton in Asb6eld, Nottincbamihire. 


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sources which only the indefatigable researches Wd 
profou nd erudition of thi s Author could have explored. 

20 Nov. 1690> upon the cession of Mr. JoUand. He took the 
degree of M. A. 1693 ; having about that period been appointed 
Master of the ancient Grammar School at Bishops-Stortfbrd, 
at a time when its reputation was quite in ruins^ and had nothing 
to recommend it but the name of Leigh (fether and son) not 
even yet out of mind 5 but he raised it to a great degree of fanne, 
as the numbers sent by him to his own and other Colleges at- 
tested: and considerably increased the trade of the town by 
such a beneficial concourse. The gentlemen of Hertfordshire 
and Essex having, at his earnest request and intreaty, re- 
built the school, he took great pains to procure the sums 
necessary for completing it, from those who had been educated 
ID that town . The new school stood in the High-street, with 
the West-front to the church-yard, consisting of three rooms, 
which, witlk the stair-case, made a square building, one of 
which was the Grammar-school, and took up the half of it, all 
the front to the street ; the other two were a Library and Wri- 
ting-school. These were upon arches, under which were a 
market and shops, the property of the parish. June ^, 1699, 
on his marriage vrith Anne one of the daughters of Richard 
Lydal, M. D. Warden of Merton College, Oxford, he resigned 
hk Fellowship 3 and having, by honest application and industry, 
ndsed the school to great repute, and acquired a large fortune, 
he purchased, in I70I, the manor of Bumpstead Hall in Essex. 
He took the degree of D. D. in 1702 ; by which time the Library wa« 
well furnished by his diligence ; as be continually added to it at his 
own expence, and procured a great number of valuable authors 
from gentlemen who had been his scholars. By lus interest alsoand 
care, the gallery in the church for the use of the school was erected. 
He revived the annual School-ieast, charging his estate with a 
yeariy present to the Preacher on that occasion ; and gave, by his 
win, 102. for books to be added to the Library, and to the church 
a dudice ofWl. value. [The books of this Library, to the amount 
of some thousand volumes, together with two fine original Por« 
traits in oil, the one of Dr. Leigh, the venerable Founder, and 
the other df the no less meritorious Dr. Thomas Tooke, the Re- 
fbunder of the School| lie now thrown together in a hired room 
at Bbhops-Stortford, under the custody of Dr. Robert Dimsdale, 
brother to the late, and uncle to the present. Baron Dimsdale, 
the only surviving Trustee. What is to be their destiny hereafttf 
it 18 not possible to divine. P^haps, upon application to the Lord 
High Chancellor, a decree might be obtained for incorporating 
thm vrith some other Public Library, or, at least, for dis- 
posing of them in such way as to be of permanent service to 
the community.] — June 17, 1707, Dr. Tooke was presented by 
John Sandford, Esq. to the Rectory of Lamborn in that county ; 
in 1713 he bought the advowson of Lamborn > and in the 
sftme year he purchased Manuden Hall in the same county 


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Of the inhabitants of Russia, anterior to the Sckvi ; of 
the Varags, whoso often invaded the coasts of Britain; 

from A&. WilKsm Calvert. In 1713 he sold Bumpstead Hafl, 
wd bought the Manor of Priors, in the parish of Lambom* 
He gave in his life-time 90L to Bene't College^ towards the 
increase of their Library^ and providing an Oration in the HaU 
on the 29th of May ; and, by his will, gave them in prsMnt the 
perpetual advowson of the Rectory of Great Brackstead, whidi 
he had purchased some time before of the Doke of Norfblk ; and 
the reversion of that of Lambom, which they were not to have 
till 50 years after his death. And it was thought by hb firiendi 
that he would have been a more considerable Benelsetor to the 
Society, had they elected him their Master, or gratified him by 
the choice of his Friend Dean Moss. 

Dr. Tooke died May 94, 17^1, aged 54, after more than 30 
vears intent and successful labours ; and was buried in Lam* 
bom church, where the following inscription, written by his 
friend Dean Moss, was placed on &s monument : 

'' Qea pedem hue infers, ^temitatis Contemplator, 

imprudens ne calces eruditos Cineres. 

Astas ad Tumulum Thomjb Tookb, S. T.P. 

VIr is linguarum, Artium, Rerum peritissimua, 

sed prseter casiera egregi^ natus atque aptus fuit 

ad puerilem »tatem plectandam et formandam, 

ftssnis calcaribusque indoli cigusque accommodads : 

Ingeniorum sagacissimus Inspector et Judex, 

idemque lenissimus Dux et Moderator ; 

In docendo tam patiens, adeb non iracundus, 

nt personam irati pro re nat4 induerit, 

ne Disdplinas habenas nimis laxas haberet : 

Morum tamen turn vigilantissimds Custos, 

turn rigidus ubi opus esset Castigator et Corrector : 

Hoc quippe Magistro prccipu^ cavendum duxit, 

ne IHsdpuli sui h Schol& ac Tyrocinio ^resei, 

h<mas Uteras vHiis turpiter inqutdatas, 

quasi peslem EcolesiflB et Reipublics importarent. 

Qaod ad privatas laudes» prisci fbit ptetate et fide, 

pectoris ointtuob aperti, candidi, honesto incoeti, 

hiunenitate conditio referti benevolentiA, 

e^oe in amicos effusiasimi, ottcjosissiml" 

The learned Mr. ThooMs Baker, ib a Letter to his fHend 

ftearaej observes, that the Character given of him in a Sennon 

hgr the eame Gentleman, is justly his due ^ ms. '' Shouldl undsr- 

lake to ten you how much that worthy pifton deatrMS> who fbr 

many yean has bestowed his labours so nsefiiUy anumgst yoa, 

von are witnesses and Juctges of diis loo ) and I am loth eo Make 

Us pfaise his penanoe. And indeed he Will kave so many 

fivinff monuments of learned paim and care in the us i ghb o W " 

koocT m4 tlie whol^ oo^ry; itat there <mn b^ no need ef 


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in short, of that vast region which has been with so 
much pn^rie^ denominated the vagina gentium, 

doing justioe to \m refmtation^ or preserving his memory any 
other way.*' And Dr. Knight, who places him amongst the emi- 
nent Scholars of St. Paul's, says, " that such was his reputatipn 
as a Schoolmaster, that he had the refusal of both the Public 
Schoob of Norwich and St. £dmund*s Bury." 

I>r. Tooke's widow enjoyed his property at Manuden and Lam* 
bom in jointure} and af^er her, according to the limitations 
in her husband's will, these descended to his brother* the B^v. 
John Tooke, who was of Chiist^sCoUege, Cambridge; B A. 1700 ^ 
ILA. 1704 J Rector of Chicknall, Essex, 1704—1714. The 
Doctor also left his two-fourths in the manor of Gledshew, Herts, 
to his brother John, who was his successor likeviise in die Rec- 
tory of Lamborn. He married Susanna, daughter of the 
Rev. R. Taylor, of Little HallinjINury, by whom he had several 
children; and died, at a very advanced age, Nov. 6, 1764. 
Thomas, his eldest son, died at the early age of seven years, 
April 13> 1713, at Stortford School, and has a monument in that 
church^ with the family arms. Two other sons, John and }lo- 
bert, were destined to the church. — John Tooke was of Emanuel 
CoU^ Cambridge ; B. A. J727 ; M. A. 1731 3 9. D. 1738.-- Ro- 
bertTookewasof thesameCoUege; B.A. 1734; M.A. 1738; suc- 
ceeded to the Rectory of I^amborn in 1764,and died Oct. 19. 1776. 

Benjamin Tucke* (who afterwards wrote his name Tooke, 
and has been noticed in vol. l|l. p- 607» as Treasurer of the 
Stationers Company) was born about 1642 ; and, after having 
served an apprenticeship to Mr. John CroQke> was admitted a 
Freeman and Liveryman of the Stationers Company in February 
1665-6. He was for some years Steward, and afterwards Trea- 
surer^ of St. Bartbolou^w's Hospital ; and died about 17I6. 

t£s son Bemamin Tooke vyas born about 1670, and admitted 
OD the Livery m March 1694-5. He was the Bookseller of S^ift 
and Pope, and is immortalized in their respective pu}))ications. 
He died in 17^, leaving a considerable esjtate to his brother 
Andrew > whose literary me^t cUin^s a niche in this rq>06itory. 

Andrew Tooke, second son of tb^ e|der Benjapun, was }K)m 
in 1G73 y educated at the Charter-^oui^, and at Clare Hall, Cam- 
bridge ; B. A. 1693 ; chosen Usher at the Charter-house 1695 ; 
llLA. 1697 i Professor of Geonietry at Qresham College, 1709> 
in the room of Dr. Hooke, Fellow of the Royal Society, who met 
in his i^mrtmeut there till they le^ the College in 1710. He was 
dioaen Head SchooI-piaBiter at the Cl^a^er-house in 17528 ; and in 
17W be married the widow of 1^. I^vett, Physician to the House; 
and. in that year resigned his Prp&ssorship, ^Lttepding solely to his 
Bcbeol, till he was carried off by ^ dropsy, Janusury 520, 1731« 
affiled 58. He had taken Deaoon*s orders, and sometimes preached. 
Qe published *' Synopsis GriBc» Lic^aB, 1711." A correct 

• FiafcaWy t son of tfaf Vicar of St. Clave, J<wiy; seep.ie4. 


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and the officina noHonum^ and which in the range of 
universal history, unites the remotest parts of the 

Translation of Pomcy*9 '* Pantheon, •• the 10th edition, 1726/ 
and many succeeding ones. A Translation of Pufifendorfs 
" Whole Duty of Man according to the Law of Nature, 1716.- 
A Latin Version of Bishop GastrelVs " Christian Institutes, 1718.'* 
Ovid's '' Fasti,*' from the Delphin 4to edition. " An exact 
Copy of the Last Will and Testament of Sir Thomas Gresham^ 
Knight, 1724." His Library was sold by auction in 1782. He 
was buried in the chapel at the Charter-house^ whe^e t^ fol- 
lowing epitaph preserves his memory : 

** Juxta situs est 

Andreas Tooke, A. M. 

scholae Carthusians arch ididascalus, necnon in coll. GreshameDsi 

Geometris Professor. Scire autem si velis, lector, qualis fuerit, 

ante oculos 
pone virum corporis et animi dotibus egregium 5 in omni liter 

rarum genere 
prsecellentem, in Platonis Su/ut^nxr*^ vel Ciceronis Tusculano. inter 
primarios recumbentem ; Grammaticum accuratissimum j| Cri* 

ticum oculatissimum : in 

reconditissimis r^ antiquariae atque historis penetralibus versa* 

tissimum : quem Muss porro omnes plusquam quinta de]iciarun\ 

suarum parte et totum perfiiderunt et penitus irobnerunt ; qui 

mathematica studia philol(^icis, in utroque summus, mirific^ 

conciliavit : in pueris instruendis, tum in sacris tum in dassids 

Uteris, ut sapiens architectus et ^ndamenta fideliter jecit, et ft4 

coronidem feliciter perduxit. Erat ei ingenimn fecile, tiber, 

aptum ; sermo gravis et festivus, acer aliquando sed urbanus i 

leporibus ac facetiis, tanquam sale, conspersus ; Atticis omnino 

et Atticis auribus plan^ digpnus ; 

In pectore ejus pm^ fides nudaque Veritas, humanse pariter 

ac divins habitarunt et vigebant. 

Cum bonorum omnium amore summo et existimatione 

ducebat vitam : mansuetus quippe fuerat, 

comis, et benevolus ; moribus suavissimis candidissimisque ; 

tarn religiosus amicitis cultor, ut aroici conunodum suo 

posthabito unic^ anteferret. 

In his tandem ad fhmam ssecularem 

et felicitatem seternam apprim^ spectantibus, 

et maxima gloriabatur, et summo exultabat gaudio^ 

Natus 1 A p / 1673, 

Denatus /^•^•1173L 

statis 58.** 

But to revert to the immediate subject of the present Note. 

The Rev. WiUiam Tooke, after having received a liberal cla»- 

sical education, obtained, in 1771> letters of ordination, both as. 

Deacon and Priest, from Dr. Terrick, then Bishop of London > 

aud in the same year^ when on the point of settliiig oi» the 


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East and North with our Europe, (ills up number^ 
less considerable chasms in our historical kuQW-r 

living of West Thurrcxsk in Eob^x, at the solicitation of the Rer* 
JohnDuncombe, then Rector, he heard of the vacancy of the place 
of l^Iinister of the English Church at Cronstadt, an Island in the 
Galph of Finland, subject to Russia, and serving as the great 
Sea-port to that part of the Empire. This opened too flattering 
a prospect to his curious and inquisitive turn of mind, to be r&* 
jected. Accordingly, on application to the Russia Companyt 
the Governor, George Nettleton, Esq. observing qualities in 
him that attracted his regard, took him amicably by the hand« 
^ his election followed. Arriving at Cronstadt about the com- 
mencement of the shipping season, his Churchy which had been 
shut up three years, since the decease of the Rev. Mr. Lewis, 
was now thronged with masters of vessels and their crews. 
Here he remained three years, during which time, by his fre- 
quent visits to St. Petersbui^, he so conciliated the favour and 
friendship of the Merchants of whom the Factory there consisted, 
that they, upon the sudden and unexpected resignation of Dr» 
John Glen King in 1774, unanimously signed a letter of recom- 
mendation ia his behalf to the Russia Cumpanv in London -, in 
consequence of which Mr, Tooke was appointed Chaplain to the 
Factory at St. Petersbui^. 

In that Imperial Residence, besides his intimacy, aiising no 
less from sentiments of affection than from the obligations of his 
pastoral office, with the £unilies of his proper province, he en- 
joyed the &vouiable regards of many persons of distinction at 
the Court (if the £mpress. The Orlofe, the Gallitxins, the Na« 
rishkins. Prince Potemkin, the Princess Dashkof, Count Bou- 
turlin, and several others, conununicated with him on a friendly 
footing. But what he considered of no inferior consequence 
was the opportunity afforded him pf forming and cultivating an 
acquaintance with persons eminent for their talents and science., 
Natives as well as Foreign Ambassadors and Travellers from all 

C; for Petersburg was at that time what the Hague had 
^y been, the principal resort of diplomatic characters. 
Amone the Academicians he was particularly intimate with 
those Luminaries in Science, the Professors Euler, &ther and son, 
and Mlas, with Guldenstsdt, Krafft, Lepechin; in convert 
with whom he was able to reap and to communicate much in- 
formation, and to which his fluency in speaking the French Ian* 
Suage afforded him great facilities. With many of the Hierar- 
^y of the orthodox Greek church he kept up a constant inter- 
cooise. Galmd, the Metropolitan, had him frequently at hit 
Palace, the Ne&ki Monastery } where he was often in company 
with Plato, Archbishop of Moscow -, Eugei^ua, Archbishop A 
Kherson, who gave him his translation into Greek of the Poet 
Yiigili and Punphilicf> the Empress*! Confeiaorj who pre^ 


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ledge, and brings us acquainted with nations and 
tribes whose very names to English ears have 

iented liitii with his picture. On the invkstion of Procophis, 
Bishop of Kargapol and (Monetz> he made a visit to that Pre- 
late at hk Palace on the banks of the Onega, at the Monastery 
of St. Alexander Svirskoi. At Berlin, in 17SB, in consequence 
oi letters of recommendation fitnn Professor Enler, he was intro- 
duced to the celebrated M. Formey, Secretaire perpetuel, and by 
him to the Members of the Royal Academy in that c»^tal 5 where 
he likewise found Professor Buijai with whom he renewed the 
intimacy he Imd formerly enjoyed with ttiat elegant scholar at 
Petersburg. At Konigsberg he had frequent conversations with 
that profound and eccentric Philosopher M. Kant. 

In his'situation at Petersburg, my FViend continued e^hteen 
years ; and during that period how he employed the hours of 
leisure allowed him fit>m the duties of his Church, his '* History 
of the Reign of Catherine II.*' his "View of the Russian Empire/' 
and his " History of Russia,*' render it entirely needless to men- 
tion. In 1777 hk friend Stephen Falconet, then employed in hb 
grand work, the famous Colossal Equestrian Statue of Peter the 
Great (see vol. III. p. 249), wishing to give some idea of his 
talents and genius as a Statuary to the English publick ^ Mr 
Tooke was induced to favour his laudable ambition, by ^ving his 
Treatise on the Statue of Marcus Aureltus, and some other x)f 
his Essays and Letters that passed between him and M. Diderot, 
an EngUsh dress. This done, he transmkted to me the MS. 
which I printed and published accordingly. In 1782 Mr. Tooke 
was dected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London ; a few 
years afterwards a Member of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, 
and the following year a Member of the Flree Economical Society 
at Petersbuig. Thus agreeably situated, surrounded by a society 
•C friends and susquatntance, many of them now of a long stand- 
ing, and ei^oying the accommodations of ekgant life, while as 
yet not meditating a return to his native coimtry, in 1792 he 
tfeoeived the unwelcome InteHlgence of the demise of a valued 
and honoured Relative -, by whSdi event, however, such an addi- 
tion to his patrimony devdived tQ him, as enable^ him to settle 
with siMti^ dignity in the country done preferable, in his es- 
timation, to that to vfinch he ttow resolved to bid adieu. 

Since hb return to England, with- that restless and untired 
aetlvily of mind that idways marked his character, be has pub- 
lished, anonymously and otherwise, a number of volumes. But 
of thm dl, if he were emulons of posthumous f^e, fas Trans- 
lation ct*' ZolSikoier's Sermons^*' a work which has been justly 
Styled ''a stupendous fabric of true fnety and gepnus,*' wUi alone 
Insure honomaUe mention of his name a^on^ all that are not 
kMSamii t» the improvement and happiness of mankind to the 
)ateit foiterily^ as loi^ as Christianity shaU subsist under any 


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hitherto beca offensive. — ^A great number of very 
valuable tracts by Mr. Meiners, by the .celebrated 

torn, and tlie human mind remadn constituted as it k. As to the 
merits of a Translator^ if they do not rank a man high in the 
records of literary renown> yet, when we consider how little it is 
ui the power of imfividuals in general, at least unless they have 
deroted a whole life to scientific attainments, to make important 
contributions to the great bank and fund of human knowledge, 
they are not to be scorned who bestow their pains to render the 
discoreries and productions of other men more generally usefiiL 
And indeed I have beard it said, by the subject of this brief me* 
mm (among bis other good sayings), " that even those who em* 
ploy themsdves in what is called the art of book-making are by 
no means universally undeserving of grateful acknowledgment 
and respect, as they greatly enlarge the boundaries of knowkxlge 
by conveying intelligence often in an easy and agreeable form 
into the minds of those who have neither leisure nor inclination 
to dig for wisdom as for hid treasure.'* 

On this subject I have much pleasure in giving his own ideas 
from a Letter with which he long since favoured me : 

'' Conndeiing the vast number of literary compositions that 
Ikave, especially of late yean, been daily issuing from the press,. 
if it were net that so many die as soon as they are born, we 
might be tempted to think the famous hyperbole formerly used 
on another and greater occasion, of the world not being able to 
contain the boda that shoukl be written, may literally be ap- 
pfied much sooner than has been imagined ; insomuch that 
with sober-minded men, the multiplication of them ought to be 
a matter of conscience, not only respecting the poor, suffering, 
Booksellen, but lest we should not have room to go about our 
business, from the numerous folios, quartos, and octavos, that 
woukl encunaber our way. They, therefore, should rather chuse 
to simplify and to compress in CQm|Mlations, than furnish more 
receptacle for dust and cobwebs to Book-cc^lectors, and increase 
the opfcession of their already groaning shelves* But, why do 
yon not give the publick an original work ? is, in &ct, a ques- 
tbn that caA only be put by aa ignorant and illiterate person. 
No one would propose it, who, from an intimate acquaintance 
with literature, is duly sensible how many, and for the oaost 
part accideatal, even minute and trivial causes must concur, for 
diicoverii^ a new field in the regions of sctenoe, for exploring 
sad caltivatiAg it whh prqper assiduity. More time likewise is 
reqittBite to this end than the genoraliry can spare from the du^ 
ties of life, and their other necessary avocations. Whereas the 
Translator oar Corapiler, thou^ he must be at a great expenco 
of care and application, yet is mot hound to the same constant 
exertion of thought, the same patient and imfiagging applica« 
lipn^ u the oi^^nal Composer^ if he would present the world 


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Wieland, and many others in different departments 
of Literature, are to be found in these interesting 

with a work that, by enlarging the boundaries of human know- 
ledge^ shall transmit his name with honour to a distant futurity 
as the friend and benefector of mankind. The former can lay 
down and resume his work as opportunity and contingences 
may suggest. Yet, if he is spared the severer study of excogi- 
tating and composing the original matter^ his occupation is no 
less useful, and perhaps eventually far more usefbl^ than that of 
the first Author, by having procured for the communicated in- 
formation access to a greater proportion of understandings; 
while that again may farther extend its progress, by affcnxting 
fiuulities to its translation into other languages by such as would 
not have been able to understand it in its original idiom. In- 
deed if he have executed his task with fidelity and elegance, he 
may in some degree appropriate it ; he becomes part-owner in 
it) he is unquestionably author of the translated book; and 
that book is as much an original in England, for instance, as 
that from which it is taken is in Germany. Add to this, the 
labour and pains, the toilsome drudgery it costs, to become 
thoroughly master of a foreign tongue, its various idioms and 
phraseology; not to mention that he must also have those of his 
own, with a great choice of words at command^ a matter of no 
vulgar attainment ) and the liberal mind will hardly begrudge 
him the portion of praise which legitimately accrues to him from 
his performance. 

** It is obvious ft-om my last observation, that I am not here 
speaking of those Translators, who, with about forty words of 
F^nch or German, by the kindly aid of a Dictionary and a Gram- 
mar, do into English a book of reputation in three volumes, 
which must be finished and hurried through the press within 
the space of six weeks. Whence it arises that such frequent 
complaints have been made of the corruption of our Language 
by sorry Translations. And to complete and establish the mis- 
chief, if you ask the Bookseller his reason for not employing 
abler hands, he gives you for answer, that • the public cariosity 
is screwed to its highest pitch, and must be gratified ; and that 
to produce a better translation would demand a greater expence 
of time and money, without procuring the sale of one additional 
copy,' How greatly then is the public beholden to a gentleman 
of genius, erudition, and taste, who enters with a lively interest 
into the sense and spirit of a work from the pen of a man highly 
gifted in qualities of the mind and heart, a performance of such 
transcendant utility, that no reader can return from the perusal 
of it without being sensibly improved ! 

" If we intend to describe in another language, the objects, the 
thoughts, the expressions, the diction, the style of a work ; the 
objects as they are, without adding, or retxfenching, or dislo- 

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volumes ; particularly a curious and learned Disser- 
tation on the opinions entertained by rude and un- 

eating anything ; the thoughts in their colours, their gradations, 
their shadings and combination ; the peculiar turns of phrase-- 
ology which give fire, spirit, life to the discourse ; the natural, 
figurative, ardent, rich, graceful, delicate, elegant expressions ; 
and the whole in such a form as with an easy air authoritatively 
commands and resolutely enforces obedience ; it requires, if not 
as much genius, at least as much taste, for well translating, as 
for composing. Perhaps even more is requisite. The Author 
who composes, conducted solely by a sort of interest, always 
free, and by his subject which presents him with ideas that be 
may either accept or reject at pleasure, is absolute master both 
of his thoughts and expressions : if the thought does not suit 
hhn, or if the expression does not suit the thought, he may re* 
ject both the one and the other ; qua desperat tr aetata nitetcere 
po8se,Telinqtte, The IVanslator is master of nothing. He is obliged 
every where to follow his Author, and to bend to all hb variations 
with perpetual pliancy, to all his compressions and extensions, 
his risings and falls. Of this we may judge by the variety of the 
cadences that are necessarily found in one and the same subject, 
and much more in one and the same species of composition. -^ 
To render these several gradations we must first have felt them ; 
afterwards we must be master, to a point of no vulgar attain- 
ment, of the language we would enrich with foreign spoils. 
What an elevated idea then ought we to entertain of a Translation 
niccessfully accomplished ! 

"Nothing in fact is more difficult, and nothing more rare, than 
an excellent Translator, because nothing is more difficult nor 
more rare than to preserve a just mean between the licence of 
commentary and the servitude of the letter. Too scrupulous an 
adherence to the letter destroys tte «pirit, and it is the spirit 
that gives the life : too much licence efiaces the characteristie 
features of the original : an unfaithful copy of it is given. 

" It is greatly to be lamented that the revolutions of ages have 
deprived us of the Transktions that Cicero inade from Greek into 
Latin of the famous harangues of Demosthenes and of Eschines ; 
they would probably have been to us exact models ; and we 
•hould have had only to consult them with judgment for ever 
after translating with success. Of this we are enabled to judge 
by the method he prescribes in performances of that nature, and 
of which h6 gives an accoimt himself in his treatise de optinto genera 
oratorum. It is the most clear and concise, but no less luminous 
and accurate abstract of the rules proper to be observed in Trans- 
lation, and may supply the place of the most extensive principles 
to such as are capable of seizing its spirit : Converli ex Jtticif, 
says he, duorwn eloquentissimorum nobilisiimas orationes inter se 
^ntrarias E$ckini$ Dem$sth€nisque ; nee converti ui interprepp 


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174 i.mRAaT anscpotes [1795^ 

civilized nations touching the origin of maakiod ; 
an. interesting aocountof the dr^dful Earthquake 

ted ut m-aior, sententus iisdem, H earum^armu Umqmamfigwrk t 
verbis ad nostram consueiudinem apii$ ; an quUmi mm verbum pf0 
verba necesse habvi reddere, Med genus omnium verborum vimqm 
servffvi, Non enim ea me annutnerare lectori jndaoi oporiere, 9ed 
tftnq»i4im appendere.** 

As some of his Letters happen to lie now before loe, which une 
descriptive of manners very different from our own, a few extncCs 
from them will be found not destitute of interest. The date of 
the fiist I take up is St Petersburg. Ck:toba> 5, 1771. '' ScTeral 
fires having lately happened in the town, by which not fsmet 
than a humlred buildings of various descriptions have been de»» 
troyed, besides other property to a great amount i and some eir« 
nunstances since occurrii% which excited a suspicion that tht 
mischief was not imputable solely to accident, an Imperial uhase 
was issued, commanding that no person diould be seen in the 
streets after lO o*clock at night, without a lantern, excepting 
doctors, pastors, and midwives ; wisely judging that pereons of 
these professions were liable to be called for at any hour of ths 
night, and not have time to make this provision. Ily friend Df* 
H. having passed the evening at a mefebuit^s house some distance 
from his own» at about 1 lo*ck)ck took bis leave, and was pioceed- 
ing to the door, when his host inu^ted on his taking with him a 
servant carrying a lantern before him, as the night was very darL 
The Boctor for some time resisted the fiiendly impcaptnnity i hot 
in vain. He must comply. Accordingly JOani^ was ci^led, and 
with the lantern in his hand marched b^bxe the Physician. They 
had not proceeded above a quarter of their wi^, when they wers 
Uout by tlie caraouldiik, or watchman, who seizad my fncnl 
and told him * he must go with him to the boutka or watch-house.' 
'And for what ?* exdsuaed the Doctor. 'No matter lor whau* 
readied the guardian of tlie night ; * you must come along with 
me : I know what you are.* The Doctor, not conscioua of any 
harm in what he had said or done, endeavoured to CKpostulate 
with the man. But to no purpose. In short, after bdagcon* 
fined in the stinking bmitiui ail night, he was in thfe moniag 
takan to the police ; where the accusation brought agntnat hisi 
was : that he, being a Doctor, was found walkii^ in the street 
afber 10 o*ck)ck with a lantern carried before him. — You will 
anticipate the sequel. He was discharpsd, pa34ng his fees ; aad 
the law was explained to the comprehension of the vijgilant 
watchman, to prevent his making similar mistakes for the fiitufe 

*' Shortly after the breaking out of the French ReiH^ution, an 
order was published that no three persons ahoiidd be seen to sUo' 
talking together in the streets. Taking a walk one day, sooa 
after the appearance of this ukase, abcmt the time when people 
were returning from the Exchange, I met an acquaiafeance* <^ 


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in Calabria in the year 1783^ in a Letter from a 
GeDUesaan <m hU Travels through that country in 

whom I naturally inouired coocemiag tht newa of Che dajj 
what the lettere from England brought^ &c. Presently we'wer» 
joined by another j « then again by another. As we stood thui 
conversing in one of the recesses of the bridge over the Nevm> up 
comes a Desaimck^ pr constable, accosting us with, ' Come, gentle- 
men, march away, if you pkase.* ' No, brother,* answered I, 'we 
don*t please to march away. We prefer staying here.* * But you 
fumt go,* returned the officer. * But that must will happen only 
when we please/ r^oined 1. ' Have not you heard of the ukase/ 
said he > * What ul^ise V * Why, the ukase that says no three pen^ 
sons are to be seen taU&ing together in the streets.* < Well; what 
is that to us ? have not you learnt to count ? how many are we 
hope Y Upon this he counted, 'odm^ two, ire, chetir^,* one, tw#, 
three, four. * Well $ now you see the law does net relate to us : 
that says three.* ' Very true, gentlemen ; I ask your pardon. I 
was mbtaken. Tarry as long as you pL^ise.* 

" Mildness and goodnature are conspicuous features in the ch»- 
nieter of the Empress. Something suddenly occurs to her mind 
that might prove advantageous to her subjects. An ukase is im* 
mediat^ issued ; and at first all is bustle to put it in executkm. 
Perhaps in two months it is entirely gone by and forgot. She 
lately took it into her head that we were ruining ourselves by ex* 
tm^i^^t living. Accordingly sumptuary laws were to be framed. 
Among other articles of luxury, carriages were not omitted. The 
law declared that no person not beiqg above the rank of a Bri* 

e should be permitted to have any gilding upon his carriage. 
. . this, all the merchants sent their chariots and coaches to 
tie coachmakers, to be painted of one colour. You would have 
thought all the members of the Factory were turned Quakers. 
My oiariot, being a remarkably neat one, had an elegant gilt 
ogte round the borders, which I could not resolVe uqion eiStcmg^ 
as it was that bit of ornament which, according to the &shioo, 
gave a relief to the pannels, and procured it the admiration witii 
which it was honoured. My friends wondered at the audacity 
^fbkh could prompt Hie to contravene the Imperial mandate^ 
they urged, ' that my &mily would be stopped in the public 
street; that the penalty was no less than a hundred ducats j in 
diort, that I rendered myself obn(»dous to inconveniences and 
hijinOiations which I ought to avoid«* I however save their re* 
monstrances to the wind. Being to dine one day at Baron 
Sutherland's, the MaUre de police (the Lord Mayor) was amobg 
the guests. Sitting before dinner in the drawing-room, the Ba- 
ron, in his jocose manner, said : ' Voire ExceUeHce, here is our 
I^tor, who drives about the town with gilding on his carriage 
in defiance of the ukase/ 'How is that?* aaid Im Excellence. 'Of 
what rank are you?* ' That I should be glad to be infoimed oi 


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17 85. On the African Negroes. Ott tht Various 
Tribes that inhabit the Caucasean moiuitains. £n<« 

by your Excellende/ ' What rank do you bear in your own conn* 
try, Mons. le PaLsteur, are you above a brigadier ?* * A brigadier 
forsooth ! I am out of sight of a Brigadier. A Brigadier would 
think it an honour to pull oflF his hat to tne/ ' Oh, then,' re- 
turned his Excellence, ^ wear as much gold upon your carriage fa 
you please/ — ^You perceive from the several instances 1 have given 
you, that the mode of expounding the laws in this country U 
truly exemplary." 

With the Lutheran, Calnnistic, and other P^tors of th* 
Reformed Communions, Mr. Tooke kept up a regular intercourse, 
by alternate meetings at the houses of each other. But the most 
conspicuous and pleasant of all assemblies of this nature, was 
the annual dinner given by her Majesty to the Ministers of Re- 
ligion of all denominations in the Imperial City, and which 
she was pleased to call her Diner de Tolerance, or Toleration 
Dinner. At this the Archbishop Gabriel presided in full costume!, 
as, indeed, were all the guests. On his right usually sat Plato, 
when in attendance on the Court, and on his left the Angliski 
pastor, or English Ptotor; the others ^cwiore* priore». Pbmphi- 
Hef, the Imperial Confessor, and a Hiero-monach, ifrith a nap* 
kin under his arm, taking his rounds to see that the guests were 
well served. It was truly a sumptuous banquet, and not more 
sumptuous than harmonious, and even fiicetious. Provisions of 
the best j with the choicest wines, and a desert from the Impe- 
rial Gardens and Hot-houses. Oh ! If all the controversies of 
the Christian Church had been argued over Burgundy and 
Champain, they would, indeed, have cost more Christian wine j 
but, if we may judge from these councils, infinitely less Christ- 
ian blood. As the extract, however, will not prove tedious, and 
as the memory of such a liberal institution deserves to be perpe- 
tuated vrith honour, I shall here insert his own accmmt of one 
of these convivial meetings, as I find it in a note at page 1 19 of 
the Life of Catharine II. 'vol. iii. 4th edition : * " Ivan Pamphi* 
lief, her Majesty's Confessor, invited the Qei^ of the several 
Communions in Petersburg to dine with him annually on thd 
6th of January ; who generally met in a company of fifreen or 
sixteen different denominations, all in the several habits of their 
Church. At these agreeable meetings, his Eminence Gabriel^ 
Metropolitan Archbishop of Noi^orod and St Petersburg, always 
presided. Pamphilief did the honours of the table, with that 
hospitality and suavity of manners for which the Russians are so 
celebrated among all who visit that country. When wines of 
various sorts were served round upon a salver, the befbremen- 
tioned Metropolitan once observed, with a sensible allusion to 
the occasion, ' These wines aie all good : they differ only in co* 
lour and flavour.'-^The persons present at one of these dfamov. 

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tertaining Memoirs of the Life and Writings of tha 
celebrated Abb^ Galiani, in which are interspersed 

M an example of the rest, were : Gabriel, Metropolitan ; Inno^ 
centius, Archbbhop of Pscove and Riga ; Eugenius, Archbishop 
of Khei^oii J the funoas Translator of Virgil into Greek hexameter 
^>ene ; Ivan Pamphilief : all Kf embers of the Holy Synod. Other 
Eiurian Clergy were, Procopius, Archimandrite, and Rector of 
the Gymnasium at the Nefeki Monastir 5 Antonius, Archiman- 
drite; Baidlius, Protopope; Andrew Samborsky, Protopopeof 
St Sophia, fbrmeriy Chaplain to the Embassy at London; Nee* 
taritts, Monk at the Greek Gymnasium ; Sergius, Monk ; Lirit^, 
Pope of the Imperial Chapd ; Basilius, Pope of the Annunda- 
taoa; with aereral other Popes and Monks. Lutheran Preachers : 
Joadum Christian Grott, great grandson of the famous Hugh 
GrotiuB ; Jeremiah Lewis Hofifhmn ; Emanuel Indrenius, Pastor 
of the Swedish Church ; John Henry Krogius, Pdstor of the 
Rims Church 5 John George Lampe, of St. Peter*s Church ; 
Thomas Roinbott, of St. Anne's Church $ Martin Luther Wo1£P, 
alio of St Peter's ; Daniel Zachert. Mimsters of the Reformed : 
Jolm David Collins, P^tor of the German Reformed Church ; 
K Mansbendel, P^»tor of the French ; William Tooke, of tha 
tn^h Church ; M. Renter, of the Dutch ; and Christian Fre- 
derick Gregory Pastor of the Congregation of the Herrenhuyters^ 
or brethren of the Unitas Fratrum. Roman Catholic Clergy : 
isrffm Kraehinsky ; Petrus Stankievitch ; Hieronymus Beroal- 
digoi ; Jefaaoies de Ducla ; Armenian Clergy : Macarius Kos- 
uanof ; SitpJ henus Lorismilikof ; Niketa Cherkesof. Bishops and 
hiesiB torn Ae Greek Islands, from Valakhia, Moldavia, and 
Ihe worthy Abb^ Guadalupe, from Mexico. At the conclusion 
^ the repast, the Metropolitan usually said, with a loud voite^ 
cither in Rufi» or Latin, ' Glory to God in the highest ! — On 
c&th peaee ! — Goodwill toward men !' Which done, the rest of 
the evening was spent in agreeaUe and pleasant conversation 
over a dessert of exquisite fruit and the choicest wines. Th« 
guests taSud to one another in Russ, German, French, Italian, 
Ac. as it might happen to suit. But the general conyersatioQ 
was carried on in Latin." 

How conversant Mr. Tooke is with the Greek and Latin Au- 
tlior% is known to the learned who ei^oy his acquaintance. In 
Pre»ch he has often preached to the Reformed of that congre- 
S^tion at St Petersburg, at times when it was without a pecu« 
liar Pastor ; as he has since his return, in London, on several 
occaskms, on behalf of the French Protestant school and work- 
lumae, and numbers haive afterwards affirmed that, without 
l^nowing to the contraryv it was scarcely possible to say that 
what tbsy had heard had not been pronounced by a native of 
^^^ttBoe. By one of his many Letters to me, I find, that onca 
HaveUing through a part 01 Poland, h» aod Us foiDpaBion^ 

VolTuL N Hi 

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many ingenious elucidations of passages in the Odes 
of Horace^ and other antient Authors^ Observations 

in the heart of a forest^ came up to an antient and spaciooi 
mansion^ which> on entering, they found to be tenanted by 
Jews.** In one apartment some were employed in making or 
repairing cloatbs, as tailors, while in others diflferent occupa- 
tions were canned on. The great hall was fitted up to serve the 
purposes of a Synagogue. Our travellers were hospitably re- 
ceived, and welcomed with good-nature. After conversing some 
time with two or three Rabbis, my Friend reached down the Roll 
of the Thora, and the other Hebrew Scriptures, and having read 
a chapter or two, particularly the Lllld of Isaiah, in their own 
accent and manner, he asked them whether those sentences 
could have been prophesied of any other than of our Jesus, the 
Christian Messiah. But like their fathers, the Pharisees of old, 
they turned a deaf ear to the voice of truth, and would listen to 
none of his arguments -, like Gallio, they cared far none of iheae 
thmgi. In good sooth. Babbies as they were, they seemed not 
to have been brought up at the feet of Gamalid.*' 

One passage from another of his Letters to me, as it happens 
to lie open on my table, I cannot resist the temptation to com- 
municate, though under no little dread of swelling thb note 
beyond all bounds of prolixity ; for, were I to indulge the rea- 
der and myself in this way as far as I chose, there would be do 
end to it in view. " When it was in agitation at the Court of 
Petersburg to establish a College of Jesuits in the province of 
Mohilef in the year 1782, a prefect which the Empresa from 
political motives, which are elsewhere detailed more at large 
[Life of Catharine II. vol. iii. p. 5], was desirous of bringing to 
effect, she wrote to Pope Pius VI. expressing her wish to enter 
upon a negotiation to that end. The Holy Father, in reply, 
declared his willingness to accede to her M^ie8ty*s request, al- 
though the Society had been formally abolished by Clement XIV. 
if means could be devised for absolving the Holy Chair from a 
charge of inconsistency, which, in the minds of the fidthful, 
might appeal* to shake the infallibility of the Sovereign Pootifi; 
In the mean time a fiesh difficulty occurred. The orthodox 
Greek faith being that established in Russia, a Nundo could not 
be dispatched thither from the Court of Rome. This9cru[^ 
was, however, soon got over by transmittmg an order to Ar- 
chetti. Bishop of Chalcedon in partibus inJideUum, then legate i 
latere at Warsaw, to repair to Petersbuig ; [whkrh he accoiSingly 
did, and the event may be seen in the work above referred to.] 
*' Mr. Tooke happened accidentally to be walking on the Custom- 
house quay while the baggage of the Prelate was bringing oa 
shore from the galliot. The Officers of the Customs were pro- 
ceeding in their duty, when all at once the two Chaplains who 
attended on the part of the Bidhop brought out a crimson veKet 


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on the Question concerning the Exportation of 
Cora. It is unnecessary, however, to say more of 

nse (one havii^ it in bis hands^ and the other bare-headed, 
solemnly marching before^. This was not to be touched by th« 
Officers. ' Well ; do you open it/ It contained a large old rot- 
ten bone. * What is this ?* ' It is the thi^h-bone of St. John tht 
Baptist.* ' Well ; what is it worth V (Now it should be known, 
that every kind of goods^ wares, or commodities^ not severally 
•pecified in the tariffe, must pay <luty ad vaLdTem.) * Worth ! 
I said befbrie, it Is the thigh-bone of St. John the Baptist.* * Well ; 
and I say again, what is it worth V * Worth ! no value can ba 
set upon it.' * Well ; if it is of no value, why do you take the 
pains to bring it with you ?* ' It is not to be valued, because it is 
inestimable.* ' How then,* returned the Officer, ' are inestimable 
ivares to be rated ad valorem ? Thb problem seemed for a mo* 
ment to nonphis even the disciple of Loyola. * It is a sacred relic/ 
Still the question rec'irred, ' Well : what is it worth V The re- 
suit was, that^ in order to save time, it was for the present laid 
sside. Next came out a box, ornamented with pearls and pre- 
dom stones. This was found to contain a lock of the Virgin 
Mary's hair [which my Friend till then had thought to have 
been a bright red, but he is now convinced it was only a dark 
brown]. To this succeeded a long list of holy trumpery. But 
the business of farther examination was happily terminated bj 
an order from Court to pass the whole baggage of the Prelate 
without exacting the dues. But,** adds my Friend, " those who 
have had afiairs to transact at no other than an English Custom- 
house, will with difficulty conceive the patient simplicity, the 
complaisant humility, the respectful suavity, so natural to Rua- 
fian subordinates, with which these interrogatories were prose- 
cuted.** And the result he draws from the little occurrence, of 
no moment perhaps in itself, is thb : " that in all controversiea 
with Papists, and with others who are previously determined to 
be in the right, the best method is to grant their postulate, and 
only ask what it is worth \ thus would many a religious dispute 
be cut siiort 

" Being one of the few,** adds my Friend, ** that were admitted 
into the Presence -chamber.of the Summer Palace, when Archetti 
was introduced at the foot of the Throne, I had an opportunity 
of observing, not only the gracious and condescending manner 
in which he was received by the Monarch, but of contemplating 
the pious papistical physiognomies of the Prelate and the hc^ 
retioue, consisting of Ave or six Ecclesiasticke The former* 
in his fiill Ponti6cal8, the upper vestment being of fine muslin 
or hiwn, trimmed with the richest point lace, preceded with 
dow and solemn step, exhibiting a countenance studiously ex- 
pressive of all that meekness, devotion and sanctity, could pour- 
^y. The head inclined a little to one shoulder, ttoi eyelids half 

m2 flosed» 

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l80 L1T£RART Al^ECDOTES [i795* 

these volumes than what the Reviewers testified of 
them on their first appearance : " That reader must 
have a fastidious taste, indeed, who does not find 
in them ample matter for his amusement and in« 

** The Transactions of the Royal Humane So- 
ciety ; with an Appendix of Miscellaneous Obser- 
yations, &c. dedicated (by Permission) to His Ma- 
jesty. By William Hawes *, M. D. Senior Physician 

closed, the muscles of the face trained to a gentle smile, indi- 
cative of sanctimonious serenity and peace, in short, all together 
wc^ng the aspect of a man cum Christo abscondiilus. Those of 
his suite ivei-e equal proficients in this sacerdotal artifice. Indeed 
I have never seen a Priest of the Romish communion who was 
not an adept in this godly grimace ; and I am induced to befiere 
that much of their influence over the minds of their people iA 
owing to '♦ ** 

Though Mr. Tooke was entered and continued many yean a 
Member of Jesus College, Cambridge, he has declined taking 
any Academical degree, because, as he intended never to solicit, 
it was not likely he should ever obtain a benefice in the ChurdL 

In 1771 he married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Eyton, 
Esq. of Llangynhaval in the county of Denbigh, by whom he 
has a daughter and two sons, Elizabeth, Thomas, and William. 

* This truly benevolent Physician was bom at Islington, Nov. 
628, 1736 ; recci^'ed the early part of his education in bis native 
village ; and completed it in St. Paul's school. He was after- 
wards placed with Mr. Carsan, an ingenious Medical Practitioner 
Bear Vauxhall ; and, on the expiration of his apprenticeship, 
was for a short time an assistant to Mr. Dicks, in the Strand, 
whom he succeeded in business 3 and, by his application, and 
unwearied attention to his patients, acquired a considerable de- 
gree of reputation and affectionate esteem. In May 1759, he 
married Sarah Fox, an amiable woman, by whom he had a nu- 
merous ftunily. In 1773 he became deservedly popular, from 
his incessant zeal in calling the attention of the publick to the 
resuscitation of persons apparently dead, principally by drown* 
jDg. In this laudable attempt he encountered much opposition, 
and some ridicide. The jnacticability of resuscitation was de» 
nied. He ascertained its practicability by advertising rewards 
tp persons, who, between Westminster and London bridges, 
should, within a certain time after the accident, rescue drovraed 
persons from the water, and bring them ashore to places ap- 
pointed for theur reception, where means might be used for their 
recovery, and give inupediate notice to him. The public mind 
being thus awakened to the suljecti greater exertions were 


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to the Surrey and London Dispensaries, Honorary 
Member of the R. P. S. Ed. Massachusetts H. S. 
Manchester L. P. S. &c. Vol. I." 8vo. 

made by individuals than had ever before been known ; and 
many lives were saved by himself and other medical men, which 
would otherwise have certainly been lost j and Mr. Hawes, at 
his own ex|)ence, paid the rewards in these cases for twelve 
months, which amounted to a considerable sum. His excellent 
friend Dr. Cogan (then somewhat known to the publick, and 
since nmch better known by sevei-al valuable publications) > who 
had long turned his thoughts to this subject, remonstrated with 
him on the ii^ury which his private fortune would sustain from 
a perseverance in these expences ; and he at last consented to 
share them with the publick. Dr. Cogan and he agreed to join 
their strength ; and each of them bringing forward fifteen Mends 
to a meeting at the Chapter coffee-house in 1774, the Humane 
Society was instantly formed. From this period the weight and 
organization of the infiEmt institution devolved in great measure 
oa Mr. Hawes, whose undeviating labours have, it is hoped, 
established it for ever ; and without which, there would very 
probably not have been at this tune a similar establishment in 
Europe, America, or India ^ where Humane Societies have now 
multiplied with eveiy great stream that fructiies the soil of those 
different regions. In 1774, he published '* An Account of Dr. 
Gokismith*s last Illness,*' whose death he ascribed to the impro- 
per administration of a popular medicine ; and from, this ui:2for- 
tunate event he deduced many useful cautions respecting the ex- 
hibition of powerful medicines. In 1777. appeared his " Address 
on Premature Death and Premature Interment ;*' whi(^ he 
liberally distributed, in order to awaken attention in the public 
mind, against the too early interment of persons supposed to be 
dead, before it was clearly ascertained that life was totally ex- 
tinct Thb performance had been suggested to his mind, even 
prior to the establishment of the great object of resuscitation, 
whkh he afterwards so successfully pursued. In 1780 was pub- 
lished, his third £dition of an '' Examination of the Reverend 
John Wesley's Primitive Physick 5** in which the absurdities and 
dangerous remedies recommended by that venerable and (on 
many other accounts) respectable writer were acutely exposed by 
a combination of irony and serious argument. In 1780, or 
1781, he removed to Palsgrave-place, and commenced practice 
as a Physician ; the D^ree of Doctor of Medicine having been 
conferred upon him some time before. In 1781, Dr. Hawes 
published " An Address to the L^slature, on the Importance 
of the Humane Society ;** and, by his steady perseverance, and 
personal endeavours, he lived to see most of his objects revdized, 
as conducive to the restoration pf suspended animation. About 
the same period^ appeared his ^* AddreiP to the King and Par- 

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*^ Prayers and Thanksgivings, principally in- 
tended for the Use of Children, but to be used, on 
suitable Occasions, by Persons of all Ages ajid De- 
grees ; with Rules for the Regulation of a Sunday 

liament of Great Britain } with Observations on the General 
Bills of Mortality/* These useful and interesting publications 
gradually raised the reputation of the Author to the notice of 
many learned, as well as benevolent, characters. In the same 
^ycar, he was elected Physician to the Surrey Dispensary ; and 
about the same time, commenced his medical lectures on sus- 
pended animation ; and was the first, and perhaps the only, 
person that ever introduced the subject as a part of medic^ 
education. These Lectures were clos^ by a proposal of bestow- 
ing prize-medals, suggested by the ardour of his mind, and 
founded by his muniticence; and in October I78?> the gold 
medal was awarded, by four respectable Physicians, to Dr. Ri« 
chard Pearson, of Birmingham, and the silver medal to a writer 
whose paper was signed Humanitas. Since that period similar 
prize-medals, bestowed by the Medical Society, have given rise 
to the invaluable works of Pearson, Goodwin, Cvoleman, Kite, 
and FothergilL In 1782, Dr. Hawes removed to East-cheap j 
and (having been elected Physician to the London Dispensary 
in 1785) to Bury-street, in 1786 -, and in 1791 to Spital-square. 
In 1793, when the manufactories of cottons had so far super* 
seded those of silks as to occasion temporary want, and ev^ 
beggary, among the artisans in Spital-fields, Dr. Hawes singly 
stood forward ; and, principally by his activity, 1200 fiunilies 
were snatched from ruin. On this emergency he published a 
short address, which does great credit to his humanity and good 
sense. In 1795, Dr. Hawes favoured the publick with the 8vo 
volume noticed above, which was dedicated to the King by Royal 
permission. This worthy man died Dec. 5, 1808, and was in* 
terred in the new burying-ground at Islington. 

A handsome mural tablet to his memory (an Engraving of 
which is here annexed) was placed, by the unanimous vote of the 
Royal Humane Society, in Islington Qiurch. And here let me add, 
** A Friend inscribed tl^ tomb, whose tears bedew*d the hearse!*' 

Mrs. Hawes died Sept. S5, 1814 -, and 1 had the melancholy 
satisfieu^on of accompanying her remains to the same grave. 

Dr. Hawes vt^as a man totally without guile ; and self never 
entered into his contemplation. There was a simplicity of man- 
ners, the result of an innocent and unsuspecting heart. With- 
out possessing, or affecting to possess, any very superior literaiy 
talents, he contrived to fiirnish to the publick an acceptable 
work in his •* Annual Re|»orts." His practice had been consi- 
derable ; and his medical knowledge was respectable. lo ^ 
resuscitative art he was eminently skilled. He was an Honoraiy 
Member of the Massachusetts Humane Society ; and of mfloT 


Digitized by 


Digitized by 


"Tabi^et rsr Isi.ikoton Cbitrcb. 

ix» rrjo'tTDA'ir-, 


mi> TO KiGcnX' nuf EiiLXArio^ or ontpti. 

• THE G^ITKlOliMtB dT 

HA'rn €Aii$Eit rsis tabudt 

TOIL tlHCBlllEO WrtB T«X K-iMl!; QiT, 



AM muTiTUTicnr tiastmAiiui to iiie siatioii. 

hBh Rmm*X ^innClflCtAL to the WOILLB K£ ULE6K, 
WAA ForSllED, iri>!^TeKED,A3(» MATTHXD, 
tKK €ttffAJW1.7(T &IIII rm HdDK or BftfCAIll. 

THiji ■EicTOLEjrT^rjrMsrMiKti. 

WAS mftm m iWH^TOfl Hov.iii^iHj 

AXi? WAS Brum Off Ttti: uf!if£Aii tmsii i«ali^s 

(9K>.MIIA1>KRf \SD tWiTATE TlltVSE tJKTtTOrS .^rTttiKIt, 


W1X.L ArrtAUB A3in VETrKR^iTE I 


HAS ai^ri»n;K£D iir heavkiv^ 
. w^fJ^ iH?xs. tiof^tf dxi> r.tiTsrr^ti ssBntsT, 
imgnrM ritoi' i.YTt^ nrr jot ttr rsr umr*} 

Digitized by 



School ; to which are added, brief Reflections on 
the proper Employment of our Time : also a few 
pertinent Passages, cai-efully selected from the Holy 
Scriptures, against Swearing, Lying, Evil-speaking, 
and Intemperance. By Samuel Hopkinson ^, B. u. 
late Fellow of Clare Hall." l2mo. 

others at Edinburgh, Manchester, Bath, &c. &c. and aTice- 
Presidei^t of the London £lectiical Dispensary. The Royal 
Humane Society is a shining and an eminent proof of his phi- 
ladOiropy ; an institution which has been found highly useful, 
and to establish which he employed many years of his life. The 
mament in which one of the Anniversaries of the Society were at 
an'^nd, he began to meditate plans for the success of the ensu- 
mg year. The nomination of succeeding Stewards, the aug- 
mentation of the list of regular Subscribers, and obtaixung 
Churches and Preachers for the benefit of his favourite Institu- 
tioij, ^re never out of his sight j and so much, indeed, did the 
HvaoBae Society engross his attention, that his own inunediate 
inteieflits appeared to him to be subordinate considerations. 
Throughout the year, he roste at five every morning, to write 
hia numerous letters, which were seldom very short. He was 
alicays ready to affbrd both his pecuniary a]:ui his professional 
asJstance to distress ; and bis name ought to be recorded among 
thaise who add to the character of the Nation, by the establish- 
m€ttt of Institutions founded on benevolent principles. 

^ Mr. Hopkinson and some' of his publications have been ao- 
tidttd ia page 53 of the present Volume ; particularly his '' Re- 
liglras find Moral Reflections ;'* of which a Second Edition, 1813, 
is Dras inscribed to his Diocesan, George Bishop of Lincoln : 

.** Bfy Lord 5 Twenty years have elapsed since this littje work 
ws^l orcred to the Pnblick. 1 could not, then, aspire to the 
hcifiour of prefbdng your name ', but, encouraged by the man- 
neap, M^erein it was generally received; more especially, by 
wliftt you was pleased to say on thaX occasion, which you, since, 
barf the goodness to confirm by a particular instance of your 
favour, I, now, ventui-e to dedicate to you a second extended 
edttion. To whom can writings calculated, as 1 hope this is, 
to promote the cause of religion, be so aptly inscribed, as to one 
who, blessed with great endowments, attained through a course 
of virtuous industry from his youth, at a period, unusually early, 
to the highest rank of his calling, which he has never ceased by 
his literary and official labours to adorn ? May the salutary in- 
fiu^nce of your example long continue to animate your Clergy, 
^nd, while it cannot ^1, under an approving Providence, to 
enlightea the existing race, may it contribute to the general 
felicity of mankind !" — in 1800 Mr. Hopkinson published, from 
^he Stamford press, ^* Causes of the Scsututy investigated j'* alsq 

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*^ A Charge delivered to the Clergy of the Diocese 
of Bristol, at the Primary Visitation of Henry Re^ 
ginald (Courtenay), Lord Bishop of Bristol," 4to. 

A First Part of the Sixth Volume ♦ of Dr. Kippis^n 
^^ Biographia Britannica-f-.'* 

** An Account of the most striking Variations in the Weather^ 
from October 1798, to September 1800. To which is prefixed* 
the Price of Wheat every year from 1610 to the present ^ra," 8vo. 

* To this Half Volume, after the Proprietors had for some 
years in vain endeavoured to find a proper Successor to Dr. Kip- 
pis, Dr. George Gregory wrote a Pre&ce« intending to stand for-* 
ward as Continuator of the Work. But a variety of circum* 
stances still farther delayed its publication ; till {more than ttoeive 
years afrer it was printed) nearly the whole impression was conr 
fumed, inFebruary 1808} three copies only having been preserved. 

f I scarcely know whether to place the following Anecdotei^ 
among the ** Quarrels," or the " Calamities** of Authors. 

In Dr. Kippis*8 Preface to his First Vohune, 1778, Richard 
Gough, Esq. is enumerated amongst the names of those to whon^ 
the Editor '* stood indebted on various accounts.** — Vol. I. wa» 
reviewed by Mr. Duncombe, who •' watched over the Biographia 
with a kind of parental tenderness," Gent. Mag. XLVIll. p. 320 j 
as was Vol. II. in L. p. 33 ; and Vol. 111. in LIV. p. 437. 

Previously to the publication of the FourUt, the Life of Capr 
tain Cook, which appeared separately, was reviewed by Mr, 
Gough, LVIII. 617 ; who, after some other free remark^, adds, 
*' The whole closes with a list of Dr. Kippis's publications ; at 
the head of whictf stands the second edition of the ' Biographic 
Britannica,* which we most heartily wish he would stick to till 
he has brought it to a conclusion, that his labours and his life 
may not end the one before the other.** — ^Dr. Gr^ory*s " Life of 
Cliatterton,** composed at the request of the Editor of the *' Bio- 
graphia Britannica,'* and published earlier than that work, waa 
also reviewed in LIX. 537. 

It now came to the turn of Dr. Kippis to give the retort cour* 
ieous. Vol. IV. was published in 1789 { j in which, among 
other '' Additions to Vol. 111.** we read, " This year has ap- 
peared, in three volumes, folio, an Edition of Camden*s Bri* 
tannia, translated from the Edition published by the Author 
in 1607> enlarged by the latest discoveries, and illustrated with 
|i new set of maps, and other cop|>er-plates, by Richard Gough, 
Esq. The work is the result of many years travel, inquiry, and 

X Mr. Gough was at that time avowedly the principal Reviewer in the 
Gentleman's Magazine ; and, << if he criticixed with warmth and severity 
certain iunovattons attempted in Church and State, he wrote bis sen* 
timenu with sincerity and impartiality — ^tbe feelings of a heart deeply imt 
pressed with a sense of the eicellence and happiness of the £of lisb Con* 
ititution, both in Church and SUte." See vol. VI. p. 879. 


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^^ The Enjoyments of a future Life, and the true 
Notion of Christian Purity : preached in the Chapel 
of the Magdalen Hospital, on Wednesday April !22^ 
1795j being the Anniversaiy of the Institution. 
By Samuel [Horsley] Lord Bishop of Rochester/' 

labour. — Of Mr. Gough I fiave no reason to speak with personal 
respect: but not any circumstance of that kind shall ever 
induce me to depart from the exercise of justice or of candour i 
or prevent my declaring, that, from his eminent character as 
an Antiquary, and the extent of his Topographical knowledge, 
there can be no doubt but that his Edition of the Britannia 
is a perfonuance of great consequence and value/* 

Mr. Gough (LIX. 917) again reviews: " After an interval of 
?iVE years, at length appears the fourth volume of this volu- 
minous and extended work. Let none object that Bayle and Mo- 
reri have swelled a Biographical Dictionary of the whole World 
to fourteen volumes folio, compressed in English to ten, when 
Great Britain alone can furnish Worthies sufficient to fill — ^how 
many volumes shall we say? Perhaps as many. — What Dr. 
Kippis says of a Letter written by Congreve to the ingenious 
Mrs. Cockburne, that it contains some acute but fiiendly fadntB 
to her on her writing, we wish to apply to our strictures.*' 

In the Preface to vol. V. in 1793, Dr. Kippis assumes a more 
fioothing tone : '' The curious life of Sir John Fastolf, which 
was elaborately, but awkwardly, written by Mr. Oldys, Richard 
Gough, Esq, has condescended entirely to new-model. In doing 
this, Mr. Gough has not only made use of Mr. Oldys's materiab } 
but has enriched the account with much additional information, 
arising from his superior and eminent knowledge in whatever 
relates to Antiquarian Literature." 

On this last quotation Mr. Gough, in his own copy of the 
" Biographia/' made the following laconic and indignant re« 
marks : ** When 1 re-compiled the life of Fastolf for the Biogra^ 
phia Britannica, 1 thought I was doing a kindness to the memory 
pf the Hero, if not to the Editors of that Work. By the Editors 
are to be understood the Booksellers ; for the Conductors are a 
distinct set of men — any body that will write for the Booksellers, 
whether amusement, &me, or profit, be the motive. The thanks 
of one of the Conductors were bestowed in the most liberal man- 
ner for the trifiinff assistance afforded in a single article, on which 
$0 much light had been thrown by the Editor of the t^tonLetters ; 
thanks which, after the expres^ons used respecting the EcUtor 
of the new Edition of the Britannia, in a supplementary note 
on the article Camden, bespeak the versatile character of the 
man, who goes as much out of his way to acknowledge imaginary 
pbligations^ as to reseat iamginary abuse/' 

"A Free 

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l66 LITEItAET AKSCD0TE8. [l795* 

^* A Free Enquiry into the Suspension of Vital 
Action in Cases of Drowning and SuffocatioYi ; being 
an Attempt to concentrate into a more luminous 
Point of View tbe scattered Rays of Science 
respecting that interesting though mysterious Sub- 
ject ; to elucidate the proximate Cause ; to appre- 
ciate the present Bemedie^^ ; and to point out the 
best Method of restoring Animation *. By Anthony 
FothergiUf, M. D. F. R. S." 

^^ A Practical Essay on the good and bad Effects 
of Sea-bathing. By John Anderson ;{:, M. D. 
F. S. A. C. M. S. &c. Physician to, and a Director 
of, the Sea-bathing Infirmary at Margate," 8vo. 

" A Preliminary Introduction to the Act of Sea- 
bathing. By John Anderson, M. D. &c. &c." 8vo. 

^^ An Enquiry into the History of Scotland, pre- 
ceding the Reign of Malcolm III. or the Year IO56, 
including the authentic History of that Period. In 
Two Volumes. By John Pinkerton.** 

*^ Hints respecting the Distresses of the Po9r§ ." 
[by Dr. Lettsom], 8yo. 

* *' Concise, d^ant^ and conducive. Such is the perform* 
ance before us, on which> indeed, we could expatiate with much 
pleasure: but, as our limits will not admit of enlai^^g, we 
shaU content ourselves with heartily recommending it to the 
careful perusal of our Medical and Philosophical Readers \ and 
with adding our testimony to that of those able judges, tbe 
Medical Sodety of London, not merely on account of its being 
a Prize-essay, and sanctioned by their approbation, but from 
its intrinsic merit, and the depth of reasoning which the inge* 
nious Author everywhere displays." Gent- Mag. LXV. 856. 

t Of this Essay, for which the meritorious Author received a 
Gold Prize Medal, see hereafter, p. 208. 

; Author of an Inaugural ]]bs6ertation '* De Scorbuto,** 
printed at Edinburgh, in 1772» and of " Medical Remarks on 
natural, spontaneous, and artiddal Evacuation, London, 1787, 
8vo. second edit. 1788. He practised for some time at Kingstoii 
in Surrey ; and was for several years Physician to the Sea-bathing 
Infirmary at Margate \ where he died in June 1804. 

§ These suggestions of a public-8{Hrited individual, for the re- 
lief of the Poor in seasons oif scardty of food, deserved, and re* 
ceivedi the commendations of every class of sodety. And of the 
Author of th^iie '^ Hints" I can truly say, from my own know* 


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*^ A serious Address to the superior Inhabitants 
of the Parish of Eakring [Nottinghamshire] ; 
by the Rev. John Henry Browne*, Kector. — Of 
this small Tract only Thirty Copies were printed. 

*^ Hints for promoting a Bee-Society -J-." [By Dr. 
Lettsom.] Two Editions,** 8vo. 

" Corrections of various Passages in the English 
Version of the Old Testament. By the late Wilham- 
Hay ward Roberts:):, D. D. Provost <jf Eton College. 
Published by his Son WiUiam Roberts §, M. A. Fel* 
low of Eton College,** 8vo. 

ledge of him for half a century, that his benevolence throug1i« 
out that long peiiod has been unbounded. To thousands, as 
well as to myself, he has been the means both of gladdening, 
and of lengthening life; and, by his own temperate habits, 
may probably for many years lon^r continue to be a friend to 
the indigent, and a comfort to all who are so happy as to possess 
his friendship, or have occasion for his medical skill. 

* Of this worthy and conscientious Divine, see vol. III. p. 277. 

f Were we to estimate a literary performance by its magnitude, 
we should scarcely notice this small pamphlet ^ but it breathes 
such a spirit of benevolence to that useful animal the Bee, and 
exhibits such a plan of utility, amusement, and profit, as induce 
as to bring it forward to attention ; and this the Author himself 
very feirly explains.** Gent. Mag. LXVI. 1033. 

X William-Hayward Roberts, elected from Eton to King*! 
CoUege, Cambridge, 1752} B. A. 17575 M. A. 1760; D. D. 
1773. He was an Assistant at Eton School 5 in 177^ was ap- 
pointed a Fellow of the Collie 5 and Provost in 1781. He ob- 
tained the Members* Prize at Cambridge, in 1758, of 15 guineas, 
for the best Latin Essay on the subject, Utrum diversarum Gen- 
tium mores 4r instituta solvi possunt ex diveno earundem situ. la 
1771 he published, in Three Paits, '' A Poetical Essay on the 
^istence, the Attributes, and the Providence, of God j" in 1773, 
*' A Poetical Epistle to Chiistopher Anstey, Esq. on the English 
Poets, chiefly those who have written in Bknk Verse;" in 1774, 
" Judah riestored, a Poem in Six Books," 2 vok. l^mo. ; and in 
17s 1 a Sermon, preached before the Governors of the Magdalen 
Hospital. He was Chaplain to the King, and Rector of Farnham 
Royal, Bucks; and died in 1794. 

^ William Roberts, son of the Provost, was admitted from 
Eton into King*s College in 1780 ; B. A. 1785 ; was a short time 
an Assistant in Eton School ; and appointed a Fellow there, Jan* 
1% 1786.*--Jolm Roberts, another son of the Provost^ was also 
^ elected 

** Digitized by Google 

l88 tlTEllARY ANECDOTES [179*- 

The Twelfth Volume of the '' Archaeologja'' of 
the Society of Antiquaries ; and the Description of 
Plates XXXVIII— XLVIII, in the Third Volume 
of their " Monumenta Vetusta." 

^^ Brief State of the Royal Humane Society, 
laid before the President, Vice-Presidents, Clergy, 
Stewards, Governors, and Medical Assistants, at 
their Anniversary Festival*, I796." 

elected from Eton to King's College in 1780 ; B. A. 1786 3 M. A. 
1789 i and obtained the Members' Prize in 1787 » and the Sea- 
tonian Prize in 1789. He was Tutor to Lord Morpeth, and an 
Assistant at Eton School, which office he resigned in 1796. He 
is Rector of Greeting St. Olave, and Creeling All Saints^ Sufiblk. 

^ " Miscellaneous observations, and useful reflections upon 
vitality, must ever be the basis of this annual tract ; and it is to ' 
be hoped that the contents of this Report will prove that our 
utmost efiforts are still exerted in a cause both pleasing to God 
and man. In an annual publication so well intended, the Editor 
anticipates the approbation and candour of his readers ; for, in 
the relation of the proceedings of this benevolent Institutioiii 
the most fastidious Critic cannot expect novelty or variety. It Is 
therefore a duty peculiarly incumbent upon the writer to exhibit 
to the eye of sensibility the most important &cts, together with 
occasional observations upon the sutject of resuscitation ^ and 
those interesting points that may tend to the advancement of the 
restorative art, so as to animate medical practitioners to one of 
the grand duties of their profession — the preservation of human 
liffe. — It is more than twenty years since our valuable Society 
has been established ; within which period there have been re- 
stored to life, to their families, and to the state, 1169." Preface. 

The last sentence is an ample shield against criticism of eveiy 
species. The Annual Report now before us, however, is not a 
mere detsdl of medical facts. It is enlivened with many historical 
digressions, and correspondence on various subjects; amongst 
which we find the following Letters to and from a Preacher who 
is equally admired for his literary abilities and his philanthropy: 
'' Rbv. Sir, Spital Square, Nov, IS, 1795. 

*'The Royal Humane 'Society of London, well convinced of 
the philanthropy of Dr. Parr, have commissioned me, as R^gis- 
tier, to request the favour of you to indulge them with a Sermon 
at their next Anniversary in March, on any Sunday in that 
month that may be most convenient to yourself. — ^They have 
been honoured with Sermons by Bishops Watson, Horsley, and 
other ornaments of the Bench ; and are ambitious to record in 
their Annals that they have received a similar fieivour from Dr. 
PiUT. — If this request be not wholly disagreeable to you. Sir, an 
jnvitation in form ahall be sent to you fi^m the Stewardsj many 

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'' The Chai^ of Samuel THorsley] Lord Bishop 
of Rochester to the Clergy of his Diocese; delivered 
at his Primary Visitation, in the Year l^^6. Pub- 
lished at the Request of the Clergy." 

Bishop Horsley's Treatise, *• On the Properties 
of the Greek and Latin Languages *,** 8vo. 

cf whom are gentlemen of rank, fortune, and respectabUity. I 
have the honour co be. Rev. Sir, your obedient, &c. W. Hawes." 
" Sir, Hatton, Nov. 16, 1795. 

" On my return from a tour of business last Saturday evening, 
I received tbe favour of your Letter, dated Nov. 13 ', and I should 
certainly have done myself the pleasure of answering it yesterday, 
if I had not been prev^ijted by a slight illness. — ^Indeed, Sir, I 
am not holding the jargon of trite and hollow profSeseion, v^hea 
1 express . to you my gratefid sense of the honour which the 
Stevrards and Members of the Humane Society have conferred 
upon me, bj requesting me to preach before them at the next 
Anniversary. — I am sure that an Institution so benevolently de- 
ngned, and so judiciously conducted, desenes the serious atten- 
tion, and, vvhere circumstances may admit, the active support, 
of every conscientious Clergyman. — I cannot, among the nume- 
rous Societies for charitable purposes with which this country 
abounds, name any one >vhich surpasses yours in solid utility, 
or perhaps rivals it in exemption from abuse. I am aware that 
several cUstinguished Teachers in the Established Church have, 
ivith great credit to themselves, employed their abilities in giving 
effect to your wise and humane exertions -, and, so far as con- 
cerns the mere trouble in preparing a Sermon upon the occasion, 
I cannot reproach myself with so much sluggishness of feeling, 
or so much barrenness of invention, as would disqualify me from 
saying what is proper to be said before an audience so respecta- 
ble, and for a purpose so important. But, the distance at which 
I live from London, the inconvenience I liave more than once 
experienced from leaving my parochial domestic business in the 
Spring, and the necessity which the frequent application to me 
for Charity-sermons has imposed upon me of fixing some linu- 
tations to compliance, compel me to state, though with reluc- 
tance, and even anguish, that I am unable to perform the office^ 
which, in your Letter, I am desired to undertake. — Permit me, 
^, to request that you will be so kind as to present my most 
respectful compliments to the Managers, Stewards, &c. and to 
assure you of my most unfeigned good-will towards so excellent 
tn Institution, the success of which is, I believe, in a very emi- 
nent degree, to be ascribed to the judgment, zeal, and philan- 
thropy, of Dr. Hawes. I have the honour to be, with great re- 
spect. Sir, your most obedient humble servant, S. Parr." 
* See vol. IV. p. ^7. 


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*^ A Sermon preached at St. Mary, Whitechapel, 
at the Anniversary of the Royal Humane Socieh^, 
on Sunday, March I3, 1796. By the Rev. WiK 
liam Hawtayne*, M. A. Rector of Elstree, Herts." 

*^ The History and Antiquities of the County of 
Leicester-f*. Compiled from the best and most an- 
tient Historians, &c. &c. Including also, Mr. 
Burton's Description of the County, published in 

* Of Trin. ColL Oxford ; M.A. 1773 j Rector of Elstree 1787. 
t '^ At the view of two large and well-filled Folios, the com- 
mencement only of a more extensive design, the first idea that 
occurs to the mind is that of prodigious and almost inconceivable 
labour. On a more particular consideration, however, of the 
matter composing these Volumes, it will appear that the labour 
is so much more that of the Collector, Compiler, Printer, and 
Corrector, than of the Author, as to reduce within a reasonable 
, compass that idea which would otherwise scarcely obtain credi- 
bility : for the worthy and respectable person, whose name is 
prefixed to this Work, is known to be engaged in so many other 
fiterary concerns of magnitude, that, were he conceived to writt 
Folios, hb industry and powers must be thought to surpass those 
of the most laborious of mankind. Nor do we, by this explana- 
tion, mean to detract from the praise of uncommon and almost 
unequalled assiduity, whicli, as a Compiler and Printer, he 
certainly deserves. The Work before us is among the most com- 
plete of iU kind, and could not be composed without vast paint 
behtowed in the search after materials and in their proper ar- 
rangement, exclusively of the mechanical labour of revision and 
correction." M, Rev. N, S. XXI. 13. 

'* The execution of a Work of such magnitude and import- 
ance as a County History, requires talents so various, and per- 
tevemnce so indefatigable, that, if the eye of a critical reader 
encounter occasional redundancies, oversights, or defocts, as he 
may naturally expect, he will easily forgive them. He will for- 
give them, not only from the conviction that it is not in the 
power of human genius to produce a performance of such labour 
perfect in all its parts, but also from the persuasion, that every 
Topographical Work, if performed even with moderate ability, 
necessarily combines utility with amusement ; and, by preserving 
the records of customs and manners, in many instances obsolete, 
and almost forgotten, tends, at the same time, to the illustration 
of history, the gratification of curiosity, and the extension of 
knowledge. If we were to assert that County Histories, or, in 
other words, historical accounts of particular places and districts, 
are, in a manner, appropriate to our own countiy, we should 
not perhaps be very for from the truth ; for, although the de- 
scription of a few places, memorable from their antiquity, the 


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179^*3 OF Titt: EIGHTEEKtH OeWTURT. l^t 

1623 1 and the later Collections of Mr. Staveley, 
Mr. Carte, Mr. Peck, and Sir Thomas Cave, By 
John Nichols, F. S. A. Edinb. & Perth." Vol. I. 
Part I. containing Introductory Records, Illustra- 
tions, &c. &c. and the early History of the Town of 
Leicester; and Vol. II. Parti. Framland Hundred,** 
"The Repertory of Arts and Manufactures*, con- 
sisting of Original Communications, Specifications 
of Patent Inventions, and Selections of useful Pa- 
pers from the Transactions of Philosophical So- 
cieties, &c. Vols. I. II. and III." 8vo. 

importance they once obtidned in history^ and the magnificence 
of their remains, have, in different parts of the world, exercised 
the acuteness and diligence of learned Writers ; yet a Local His- 
tory, like that aintained in the Volumes before us, which de- 
scribes customs, places, persons, and indeed every thing which 
can become the subject of enquiry, for use or curiosity, within 
a certain limited portion of a country, lias not yet been attempted 
by the several Nations of Europe, who rival ns in every other 
manch of science. Of the importance of such compilations, we 
have before spoken 5 and it is but justice to add, on the present 
occasion, that Mr. Nichols, so far as his work is yet completed, 
has performed an office in itself highly honourable, with talents 
fuUy adequate, with acuteness seldom, and with diligence never 
surpassed. To individuals, however remotely connected with 
Leicestershire, a treasure is here presented, of which it may be 
truly said, that if it was anticipated with eagerness, its appear- 
ance has flilly satisfied every expectation. To the publick at large, 
and to all descriptions of readers, an abundant source of enter- 
tainment is unfolded, in which every one may find gratification, 
however various the wish or fastidious the taste. The labours of 
Mr. Nichols will extend to four volumes, out of which a consi- 
derable part of two is now before the publick. B. Crit. FIJ. 102. 
* This useful Work, which was projected in 1794 by Mr. John 
Wyatt, has been ably and successfully continued to the present 
time by the same ingenious Editor -, and, though it has been 
occanonally assailed by imitations, has sustained an unimpeach- 
able reputation through a Series of XVI Volumes (which was 
dosed by a General Index) ; and a Second Series, of XXV Vo- 
lumes. — The '* Repertory" was commenced with a view (o increase 
the knowledge and improve the practice of the useful Arts, and if 
an attentive and unceasing selection for more than 20 years, 
ftottk the Societies and Journals instituted for the advancement 
of those objects $ from the communications of ingenious indivi- 
duals 5 and from that rare and excellent store of the Manufac- 
turer's ingenuity and reward, the Patent-office, can have pro- 
duced any luch effect, this Work cannot have failed of success : 


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*^ The Principles and Duties of Christianity in- 
culcated and explained: a Sermon preached at 
Sunbury, Middlesex, on Wednesday, May 25, 
1796, being the Anniversary Meeting of Two 
Friendly Societies of poor Tradesmen and Day- 
labourers in that Parish •}•, instituted for mutual Sup- 
Eart in Cases of Sickness, Accident, or oW Age, 
y James Cowe*, A.M. Vicar,** 8vo. 

" The Second Volume of Mr. Cough's Seput- 
chral Monuments of Great Britain ; containing the 
Fifteenth Century.'* Folio. 

" Arthur and Emmaf*; or, the First Navigator. 
A Poem, in Four Books. By the Rev. B. J. 
Bromwich, A.M.'* 4to. 

for there are but few of the Manu&cturing Arts in whidi it bar 
not demonstrated or suggested Improvements. Bleaching, Tan- 
ning, Paper-makiog, Glass-making, Colour-making, Soap-mi^* 
ing, Sugar-refiniug, Dyeing, Machine-spinning, Weaving, and 
many others, have received considerable light jukI benefit £roai 
this publication. And for ameliorating the Steam Engine no 
less than 30 Patents are inserted in it. To Manufacturers gene* 
rally, this Work wiU be found of much more utility tlian an 
Encyclopedia, because it gives the improvements in each branch 
as they arise or become known, while an Encyclopedia detaiU 
only wliat was universaUy known at the time of writing the article." 

t '' This seasonable and well-written Discourse must not b» 
hastily confounded with the mass of occasional Sermons^ whose 
existence and period arc so nearly allied in point of time, that 
they scarcely can be noticed before they are foigotten. With 
learning fully adequate to the most abtruse speculation, and 
powers of language to adorn the most barren subject, the Author 
never loses sight of those whom he particularly addresses. A 
subject more important cannot be delivered from the pulpit, or 
that comes more ' home to men's business and bosoms.* To sock 
of the higher ranks as are engrossed by the formalities of life» 
dissipated in the tumults of business, or amidst the vicissitudee 
of pleasure, it is not addressed ; to such we do not recommeml 
it : but, while to these it would be ' foolishness,' it will teach 
the serious well-disposed Christian, to be ' wise unto salvation***^ 

Gent. Mag. Vol. LXVl. p. 943. 

* Of whom see hereafter, under the year 1800. 

t ** This little Work, the Author observes, is a par^hrase oa 
one of a similar nature, written some years ago by the cdebnUed 
German Poet Gesner ; and is o£fered at the tribunal of a cand»l 
Publick as ' a first attempt in rhyme.* As such, we may Tentive 
to bestow on it our commendation.** Ibid. p. 1034. 


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1797-] ^^ TH« £IGHT££NTH CENTURY. IpJ 


" An Enquiry into the Divine Missions of John 
the Baptist, and Jesus Christ ; so fer as they can 
be proved from the Circumstances of ^heir Births, 
and their Connexion with each other*. To which 
are prefixed, now first published, Arguments in 
Proof of the Authenticity of the Narratives of the 
Births of John and Jesus, contained in the two 
first Chapters of the Gospels of St. Matthew and 
St. Luke. By William Bell f,D.D. &c. Sec." 8vo. 

" The History and Antiquities of the County of 
Dorset:): ; compiled from the best and most ancient 
Historians, Inquisitiones post Mortem, and other 
valuable Records and MSS. in the Public Oflices, 
Libraries, and in Private Hands. ByJohnHutch- 

* " The celebrity of this ' Enquiry* is too fer spread to need 
any encomium on its re-publication ; which is now principally 
mentioned on account of the candour and ability with which the 
' Arguments' prefixed to it are introduced to the notice of the 
reader." Gent Mag, LXVIL 146. 

t This venerable and learned Divine (many years Chaplain to 
the Princess Amelia, daughter of King Geoige II.) was of Mag- 
dalen College, Cambridge ; where he took tii^ degree of B. A. in 
1753 ; being the Eighth in the Wranglers* List In 1755 he gained 
one of the Senior Bachelors* Dissertation Prizes, given by the Two 
Members for the University ; and proceeded M. A. 1756, in which 
year he obtained one of Lord Townshend^a Trade-Dissertation 
PHzes ; the other was awarded to Mr. William Hazeland, Fellow 
of St. John's CoDege ; D. D. (per Literas Regioi) 1767.— Sept. 
^> 1765, he obtained a Prebend of Westminster (where he is 
BOW the senior Prebendary.) He also enjoys the Treasurer's 
valuable Ihrebendal Stall in St. Paul's Cathedral -, to which are 
umexed the Patronage and Impropriation of Brent Pelham, 
f^rneaux Pelham, and Aklbury, Herts ; and several Tenements 
in St. PauTs Church-yai-d. He was pi-esented to the Vicarage of St. 
Bridget, London, 1776; which he resigned in 178O; and was 
in tl^t year presented to the Rectory of Christ Church, London ; 
vi^liich he resigned in 1799. In 1810 he benevolently founded 
Sight Scholarships at Cambridge for Poor Qergymen's Orphans. 
i " This is a second instance in British Topography of a Se* 
cond Edition of a County History. The first was Sir William 
l^ugdak's * Warwickshire )* and nothing but the intrinsic merit 
of both could have obtsuned for them this mark of distinction. 
1^ merit of the late Mr. Hutchins is well known. He made 
V0J..IX. O Sur 

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ins, M. A. Rector of the Holy Trinity in Wareham, 
and of Swyre, in the County of Dorset. The Se- 
cond Edition, corrected, augmented^ &c." Vol.1. 

" The History and Antiquities of Twickenham ; 
being the First rart of Parochial Collections for the 
County of Middlesex *. By Edward Ironside-f*, Esq." 

" The Life of William late Earl of Mansfield J. 

S^^ WilliacQ Dugdale his model, and he kept up to it with addi- 
tional advantages. His Representative, an Officer of rank in the 
East India Company's Military Establishment, who married his 
only child, determined to take the first opportunity of paying 
him this tribute of esteem, by re-publishing his Work with eveiy 
possible improvement. The Gentlemen of the County have se- 
conded his pious intentions ; and, by various contributions in 
the articles of information and embellishment, have rendered 
this Work as complete as the nature of the subject allows.** 

Gent. Mag, LXHI. 771. 

* " Mr. Kichols, unwearied in the pursuit and elucidation of 
our National Antiquities, here continues the plan of the BUfUo- 
theca Topographica Bfitannica, begun in J7B0, resumed in 1791; 
«[id commences a set of Parochial Collections for the County of 
Middlesex, for which so little had been done till Mr. Lysoui todc 
up his pen in the ' Environs of London -,* which, being con- 
fined to a certain distance round the Metropolis, was restrained 
from describing every Parish in the County 5 but, as he has left 
so few unnoticed, and has found so good encouragement in hit 
ihvourite pursuit, we trust he will compose an additional volume 
out of them.**^ Ibid. 1033. 

t This sensible and unassuming Author was son of Edward 
Ironside, Esq. of Lombard Street, Banker (Alderman of Cord- 
wainers Ward, London, 1745 5 Sheriff 1749 j and who died 
Lord Mayor, Nov. «7, 1753). Mr. Ironside resided in great 
respectability at Twickenham -, had made further Collections for 
m History of the Village of Isleworth -, and died June 20, 1803. 

X This accomplished Lawyer was, at an early age, matricu- 
lated at Christ Cliurch, Oxford, where, though a native of Perth, 
in North Britain, he was entered as of the City of Bath : 
" Trin. Term, 1723, June 18, 
JEd, Xti. GuL Murray 18 
David f. Civ. Bath 

C 80m. V Com. fil. T. Wenman* C. A." 
Sir William Blackstone is said to have mentioned' this curiout 
circumstance to the Lord Chief Justice of the King^s Bench, 
while he had the honour to sit with him in that Court ; when 
Lord Mansfield answered, " that possibly the broad pronunda** 
tion of the person who gave in the description (Pertfi) was the 
origin pf the mistake.'* 


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By John Holliday*, of Lincoln's Inn, Esq. F. R.S. 
and Barrister at Law.** 4to. 

^^ A Sermon on Snicide, preached at St. BotoIph*8 
Bishopsgate, at an Anniversary of the Royal Hu- 
mane Society, on Sunday the 26th Day of March, 
1797; By George Gregory-f-, D. D. With an Ap- 
pendix, containing a brief Account of some of the 
most remarkable Cases of Suicide which have fallen 
under the Cognizance of the Society ; the Process 
for restoring Animation in such Cases ; and Two 
Odes recited at the Anniversary Festival." 8vo, 

* Mr. HoUiday, who was elected F. R. S. in 17S6, was also 
a Governor also of the Royal Hospitab of Christ, Bridewell^ 
md Bethlem, and of the Foundling Hospital; and an active 
Member of the Society of Arts and Manufoctnres, fbr which 
he drew up a Memoir of Owen Salosbury Brereton, Esq. and 
<tf which (had he lived one week longer) he would probablf 
Ifirvc been elected a Vice President. He died in Great Ormond 
Street, March 9, 1801, aged 71. Hb extensive professional 
knowledge and practice as a Conveyancer were well known in 
the wide circle of his acquaintance^ while his biographical me- 
moirs of that Imninary of the Law> the late Lord Mansfletd, 
iris contemporary, and particular friend and patron^ will re- 
rammend him to the lovers of British biography.' Mr. Hol- 
liday, at an early part of lifb, translated the first eight books 
cf Virgil into hexameter verse ; which still remain unprinted. 
He was Author of some sprightly lines on a " Favourite Bantam/' 
in Gent. Mag. voL LXX. p. 1081 j and two other Poems by him 
waibe noticed hereafter, under 1798 and 1800. — Mr. Holliday ob- 
tained Dilhorn Hall in Stafifordshire (of which a very picturesque 
view is given in Shaw*8 History of that County), by marriagt 
With the daughter of Mr. Harrison, Attorney at Law there; by 
t^om he had issue one only child, a daughter, married to the 
eWest son of the late Judge Buller, now^ Sir Francis Builer Yarde 
Boiler, Bartw — His MSS. in the line of bis profession were nume- 
rous and valuable j and were left to two intimate friends, in 
trust, for the use of the first of his grandsons that might bc- 
•wne a Pt'actitioner in the Law. 

f Dr. Gregory, by his learning and industry, acquired conside- 
rable cckbri^r. His first publication, a volume of " Essays, His- 
torical and Morsd, 1785," v^as anonymous; but, being fja- 
▼oorably received, he acknowledged them in a second edi- 
tion. To a volume of Sertnofts, 1787. are prefixed " Thoughu 
on the Composition and Delivery of a Sermon.** In 1788 
be published a " Tnmslation of Bishop Lowth's Lectures 
on the Poetry of the Hebrews," ^ vols. 8vo. ; a ** Lifie' of 
Thomas Chatlerton, with Criticisms on his Genius and Writings, 

o^ and 

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** Poems by the late Geoi^ Monck Berkeley*, 
Esq. LL.B. F. A. S. With a Preface by the Edi- 
tor [his Mother*] ; consisting of some Anecdotes of 
Mr. Monck Berkeley, and several of his Friends.** 

** Illustrations of the Manners and Expences of 
Antient Times in England, with Notes-}-." [ByJ. N.] 

and a concise View of the Controversy concerning Rowley's 
Poems^ 1789/' 8vo; a revised edition of Dr. Hawkesworth'a 
Telemachus, with a new Life of Fenelon, 1795, in ^ vols. 4to j 
a Continuation of Hume's History of England, 1/95, Svo ; 
** The (Economy of Nature explained and illustrated, on the 
Principlesof modem Philosophy, 1796,*' 3 vols. Svo j **Less<Mis, 
Astronomical and Philosophical, for the Instruction of British 
Youth, 1797/* 12moj ''The ElemenU of a Polite Education, 
carefully selected from the Letters of Lord Chesterfield to his 
Son, ISOI," l^mo. He excelled in a knowledge of Mechanicka; 
and was an extremely useful Member of the several Committees 
of the Humane Society, which at various times have been ap- 
pointed to determine the Prizes awarded to the Inventors of the 
best mode of preserving the lives of shipwrecked Mariners. Some 
years after the death of Dr. Kippis, he engaged with the Book- 
sellers to proceed with the ^' Biographia Britannicai" and with 
that view he wrote a Preface to the Sixth Volume (see p. 179), 
which ^'as unfortunately consumed. He was for several years 
the conductor of the *' New Annual Register," on principles 
opposite to that published by Mr. Dodsley; which, during 
the administration of Mr. Addington, he had the address to 
change to a Ministerial work ^ a circumstance by which, it is 
supposed, he obtained the Vicarage of Westl^un, where he 
afterwards constantly resided, as a respectable Parish Priest, 
without any extraordinary exertion of Uterary talent beyond 
that of editing a new *• Cyclopaedia;" for which, by his original 
course of study, he was well qualified, and in which such arti- 
cles as are original are entitled to commendation. He was some 
time Preacher at the Foundling Hospital. At the time of his 
death, March 12, 1808, he was Domestic Chaplain to the 
Bishop of Landafif, Prebendary of St. IVul's, Vicar of West 
Ham, and Lectui'er of St. Giles, Cripplegate. 

* Of whom some account will be given hereafter. 

t I have no hesitation in saying, in a case where it can nei- 
ther promote my interest, nor hazard my veracity, that this vo- 
lume is not only one of the scarcest publications of the Eighteenth 
Centuiy, but, in its way^ is also one of the most ciuious. I shall 
not here enumerate its contents ; but may be allowed to ob- 
serve, that, besides the proper subjects of the book» it contains 
a very valuable (though unfinished) Sketch *' De Registris Paro- 
chialibus," by the Rev. George North, in a Letter to Professor 
Ward, 1748 -, and " Farther Remarks on Registers** by the Rev. 
fiMOuel Deone j some interesting articles on the Office of an 


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17970 <^ '^^ EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. I97 

^^ Sixteen Sermons on various Subjects. By the 
Rev. Dr. Henry Owen, late Rector of St. Olave, 
Hart Street, and many years Vicar of Edmonton, 
Middlesex*,** 8vo. 

** Remarks on the Arabian Nights' Entertain- 
ments ; in which the Origin of Sindbad's Voyages 
and other Oriental Fictions is particularly considered. 
By Richard Hole, LL. B." 8vo. 

*^ Some Account of the Life and Writings of the 
Reverend Dr. George Stanhopef-, Vicar of Lewisham 
and Deptford, and Dean of Canterbury.'* 8vo. 

Archdeacon^ by Mr. Johnson, Dr. Pegge, Mr. Bradley, Mr. 
Fardell, &c. ; and a Collection (first printed fi-om the MS. of 
the Rev. Francis Peck) to explain divers old Words, Terms, and 
Customs, necessary to be understood by all those who desire 
knowledge and the true grounds of standing Usages and Anti- 
q\ulies chieflv relating to the English Chuich and Nation. I have 
been accused of prolixity j but, in this instance, had I been as 
tedious again, I would have bestowed it all upon tlie Pablxck. 

* '^ A very ample list of Subscribers, amounting to near 1800, 
^eral of them for ten copies, would recommnend this publica- 
tion, while it marks the benevolence which prompted this relief 
for the Preacher's five unorovided daughteni, whose gratitude 
* feelingly expressed by their brother. But these Discourses of 
a learned and too indulgent Parent (who was so ill adapted for 
the cares of a family, that he ought to have preferred literary 
^rement and ease to every thing in the world) have intrinsic 
i&erit to i^cooimend them ) they are practical and plain, ad- 
dressed to the heart j and we have only to r^ret that we are 
not likely to enjoy an opportunity of reading more of them, 
which we with pleasui^ recollect to have heard delivered firom 
the Pulpit." Gent. Mag, LXVIL 3 17. 

t " The writings of the worthy Dean, particularly his Com- 
mentary on the Epistles and Gospels, are held in just estimation 
hy the pious members of the Church ; and a more full account 
of bis life than hitherto has been produced, must undoubtedly 
h^ thought desirable. If the present publication does not offer 
''wny new fects, it has, at least, the merit of expanding the 
^J^count of the works of Dr. ^Stanhope, and digesting the narra- 
tive of his Life, in a more regular form. Of such documents as 
he feiind attainable, the writer has made a very proper use, wc 
'^ret only, that they were not more copious, and we hope that 
they are not yet exhausted. To record the virtues of men emi- 
"^^ for learning and piety, is a public service of great impor- 
twttce, by means of which, if only one instance of zealous and 
*^**^ce86ful imitation shoidd be produced, the whole countnr, and 
posterity at large may be materiaUy benefited." Br. Crit. X. 570. 


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Printed for the joint Benefit of the Sea-Bathing 
Infirmary at Margate^ and the Literaiy Fund for 
the Relief of Authors in Distress/' [By the Rct. 
Weeden Butler*.] 8vo. 

** Pcedotrophiu^ ; or, the Art of nursing and 
rearing Children. A Poem, in Three Books, trans- 
lated from the Latin of Scevole de St. Marthe, with 
Medical and Historical Notes ; mth thfe Life of the 
Author, from the French of Michel and Niceron ; 
his Epitaph ; his Dedication of this Poem to Henry 
the Third of France ; and the Epigram, written on 
the Visit he had the Honour to receive from Charles 
the First of England, when Prince of Wales. By 
H. W. Tytler J, M. D. Translator of Callimachus,*' 

" Metronariston^ ; or, A New Pleasure recom- 
mended^ in a Dissertation upon a Part of Greek and 

* Of whom see hereafter, p. 292. 

f ''The Padotrophia obtained for the ongioal author so laige 
a portion of reputation, and has been so generally admired, that 
it will be unnecessary for us to say any thing in commendation oi 
it. The Translation before us> if not highly elegant or poetical 
is yet good, and appears to be faithful. Dr. Tytler has enriched 
it with judicious commentaries, which seive to make it more 
generally intelligible and entertaining/' British Critic, XL 70. 

t Dr. Tytler published, in 1793, ** The Works of Callimachuft, 
translated into English Verse j the Hymns and Epigrams 
fh)m the Greek, with the Coma Berenices from the Latin of 
Catullus, with the original Text and Notes," 4tO} the first 
Translation of a Greek Poet publbhed by a Native of Scotland^ 
in the English language ^ and it has been characterized as '^ an 
excellent performance, with many learned and judicious notes.*^ 
He died at Edinburgh, Aug. 24, 1808, set. 56. 

I '' This curious dissertation (or Aureus Libellus, as we have 
seen it styled by a Veteran in Literature), is introduced, in a 
prefatory letter to Mr. Bryant, by an anonymous Writer, who 
I styles himst^lf ' A Disciple of Mekerehus ;' and is omamented 
with a portrait of that excellent Grammarian, acknowledged to 
be a striking likeness of an original painting preserved in the 
feimily. Adolphus Mekerehus, having long resided in this country 
in a public capacity, becomes entitled to a niche in the TeoEiple 
of British Worthies. Of this production of his Disciple we shaJJ 
observe, that it endeavours, with much good sense and great 
pleasantry, wholly to explode the present long-established doc- 
trines of quantity and Mcent, and apparently with very great 
Buccemr Gent. Mag. LXFIl^St. 


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Latin Prosody/ [By the Rev. Dr. John Wamer §.] 
The Third and Fourth Volumes of a new Edition 
of the « Works of Tobias Smollett, M. D/ 8vo. 


"The Doctrines of the Church of Rome examined. 
By the Rev. Bryan I'anson Bromwich, A. M.'* 

§ Of this very lively and entertaining Writer, see vol. II. p. 416} 
where his admiration of the Firench Revolution, and his disgust 
at the consequences which speedily followed it> have been noticed; 
and I shall here annex one of his pleasant Letters. 

" Mr. Urban, Paris, April 15, 1791. 

** I am not surprized to find that in your Magazine for Febru- 
aiy, which I have but lately seen, you should have given as a 
leading trait of Mr. Selwyn's character*, a circumstance which 
has no foundation -, for you copied it, I suppose, as you must 
many other things, from a mis-informed Newspaper ; but &bout 
which, lest it should escape others of his friends more capable^ 
I am irresistibly im|)elled to set you and your Readers right, from 
a feeling of the Sophocl^an maxim of its being base to be silent. 
While he lived, it was his own afiair j but now he is gofte, it be- 
comes us to help him who cannot help himself. Nothing could be 
more abhorrent than the taste for executions from his real cha- 
racter, which I presume you will allow me to know, from a 
friendship of forty years, of which I feel the deprivation most 
sensibly, as I may truly say, as David did Jonathan, *' Very 
pleasant hath he been unto me.** He wa;^ better by Nature^ as 
Jean Jaques will tell you we all are, than he was by Grace ; for, 
besides excellent abilities, and a most pleasant imagination, as 
all the world knows, he had from her (as I could prove to you 
by a thousand instances) one of the most tender and benevolent 
of hearts ; somewhat impaired indeed, and no wonder, by the 
pestiferous air of a Court; and was calculated, had he been 
bred to a profession (instead of having the misfortune to be so 
rich as to add one to the number of those who, if they cannot 
thine like him, seem to be bom to no manner of end) to be as 
eminently useful to society, as he was delightfully ornamental. 
But, not attempting to delineate bis character, which has been 
most happily drawn in quite a Meyer miniature that a friend has 
lent me, and of which I will subjoin a copy, I shall content my- 
self with informing you, that this idle, but wide-spread idea, of 
his being fond of executions, of which he never in his life at- 
tended but at one, and that rather accidentally, from its lying 
in his way, rather than from design, arose from the pleasantries 
which it pleased Sir Chailes Hanbury Williams, and the then Lord 

• His supposed propensity to be present at executions ; see vol. LIX. 
pp. 94, 183, 299, 467. The story oripnated in Governor Tbicknesse's 
Memotcs ; whose apology will be found hereafter, p. ^83. 


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" A Sermon preached in tlie Parish Church of 
Sevenoaks, in the County of Kent, on Wednesday, 
March 7, 179 8, being the Day appointed for a 

Chesterfield^ to propagate, from that one attendance, for the 
f^musement of thek common friends : and of the easiness with 
which 5uch tilings sat upon him you may judge from the follow* 
ing circumstance, which I have heard him more than once re^ 
late. Sir Charles was one day telling a large company a similar 
story to that of his attending upon executions, with many stroke 
of rich humour, received with great glee, before his £3u^, when 
a gentleman, who sat next to the object of their mirth, said to 
him in a low voice, ^ It is strange, George, so intimate as we are, 
that I should never have heard of this story before.* ' Not at 
all strange,* he replied in the same voice -, * for Sir Charles has 
just invented it, and knows that I will not by contradiction spoO 
the pleasure of the company he is so highly entertaining/ And 
such was his good-nature in every thing. The Dartford story, 
and some other mistakes on his subject, in your Magazine for 
January, are not worth noticing, as they affect not the character 
of my friend. — But there is. Sir, in your last-mentioned pub- 
lication, a mistake relating to another person, at which 
I must own I am greatly surprized, in the contemptuous 
Review of Miss Wi]liams*s little book. Could any mortal, 
from such a Review of it, suppose the book worth reading ? It 
happened to fall in my way yesterday ; and I was delighted with 
it, independently of its principles, however consentaneous to 
them I have the happiness to feel my own ; for I think I scarcdy 
ever saw, in equal compass, more happy expression of just and 
elegant sentiments, enhanced by the sweetest of feminine grace. 
And I was delighted with the wit and eloquence of Mr. Burke's 
book, whose principles I dislike. It has pleased Heaven to fur- 
nish us mortals with spectacles of such different hues, that it it 
impossible but that we muse see objects in such difierent lights. 
But b that any reason why we should lose sight of truth and 
candour -, those guides, which, were I your Political Reviewer, 
I am sure you would tell me, as fer as I was capable to feel their 
influence, should direct my pen ? Thus, in reviewing Mr. 
Burke*s book, I should have candidly given every praise to, and 
many examples of, the qualities 1 have mentioned, with which it 
abounds : but then I should have added, because it seems to me 
to be the truth, that a great part, which should have had their 
examples too, of what your present Reviewer calls his ' sober 
reasonings,* would to many people appear a mass of as gross 
absurdity and illiberality as ever insultcMl the common sense and 
common feelings of mankind, tricked out with a meretricious 
aid, which, like an Ignis Fatutis, might lead those who were not 
aware of its illusion into very dirty conclusions ; and have fore- 
told, fr«m a reliance upon the good sense of my countrymen, that, 
as «uch^ wiiter cannot be insensible to esteem or its opposite, 

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general Fast. By die Rev. Thomas-Sackville Cur- 
teis ♦, LL. B. Vicar of Sevenoaks.*' 

^' Reti^us and I%i]anthropic Tracts ; consisting 
of, 1. A Discourse on the Principles, the Temper, 

* Tumo tempus erit, magno cum optaverit emptum 
Intactum Pallanta ;* 
and (hat, if such a book could find lasting praise from the Enjg^- 
fish, who have been called^ from the noble ardour for liberty bf 
which they have been distinguished, the Romans of modem time^ 
it would be enough to make the enlightened inhabitant of every 
country cry out with a Poet of thb, 

' Je rends graces aux Dieux de n*6tre pas Romain, 
F6ur conserver encore quelque chose d*humain.' 

But, because the political sentiments of MissWiDiams'sbook do not 
napfpear to your Reviewer to be just, he not only says nothing of the 
sweet grace with which it is written, but throws contempt upon 
the whole ; and forgets himself so for as to touch, I cannot help 
thinking most incomprehensibly, upon a point which has nothing 
to do with Authorship, by informing your Readers that what a 
person of unimpeached veracity gives to her country, with her 
name, as serious fiacts, in the most interesting and charmingly 
related history of Mr. and Mrs. Du F, in part of which she is 
concerned herself too, he knows from ' undoubted authority* to 
be true. I am sure that Miss Williams could never have given him 
cause for so iigurious an insinuation — though his ' undoubted^ 
does not stand in Italics. 

'< You, Mr. Urban, who always wear spectacles of candour 
clear as thin crystals, will, 1 know, print my Letter (though you may 
receive many upon subjects you like better) because you see that 
I mean nothing that is uncandid by it. How much soever I may 
be mistaken in any of my ideas, God knows ! for, notwithstanding 
our promptitude to do^natize from our feelings, we are told that 
nothing, save number and measure, has yet been determined 
upon earth -, and, if 1 am quite wrong, you will not think it ex- 
traordinary, when 1 tell you, in the famous line of Voltaire, 

' H^as, je ne sub rien ; je ne suis qu*un docteur/ 

* If, this gay Favourite lost, they yet can live, 
A tear to Selwyn let the Graces give ! 

With rapid kindness teach Obliviun*s pall 

0*er the sunk foibles of the man to fall ; 

And fondly dictate to a fiauthful Muse 

The prime distinction of the Friend they lose. 

Twas Social Wit; which, never kindling strife, 

Blaz*d in the small, sweet courtesies of life : 

Those little sapphires roimd the diamond shone. 

Lending soft raldiance to the richer stone. J. Warner/' 

♦ Of Jesus Collie, Cambiidge ; LL. B. 1778; and instituted 
in that year both to the Rectory and Vicarage of Sevenokc. 


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and Duties^ of ChrUtiafi;»; the second Edition, oft- 
larged. 2. An Est^y on the State of the Poor, and 
on the Means of improving it bj Friendly Societies, 
&c. 3. joules for forming and managing Friendly 
Societies, with a View to facilitate their general 
Establishment*. By James Cowe*J-, M. A. Vicar 
ofSunbury, Middlesex.*' 8vo. 

*^ The History and Antiquities of Siafibrdshire. 

Compiled from the Manuscripts of Huntbach, Lox- 

dale, Bishop Lyttelton, and other Collections of 

Dr. Wilkes, the Rev. T. Fielde, &c. &c. Inclu- 

t ding Erdeswick's Survey of the County ; and the 

J approved Parts of Dr. Plot's Natural History. The 

i W hole brought down to the present Time ; inter- 

apersed with Pedigrees and Anecdotes of Families; 

Observations on Agriculture, Commerce, Mines, 

and Manufactories ; and illustrated with a very full 

and correct new Map of the County, Agri Staf- 

fordiensis Icon, and numerous other Plates. By 

the Rev. Stebbing Shaw J, B. D. F. A. S. and Fellow 

of Queen's College, Cambridge." Vol. I. 

^ * " Mr. Cowe, pursuing those liberal and philanthropic ideas 

which he discovers in his excellent Discourse on the Principles, 
the Temper, and Duties, of Christians, preached before two 
Friendly Societies (see p. 19^), has enlarged the second Edition 
by adding some important Tracts." Gent. Mag, LXVtlL 51. 

t This worthy Divine was presented in 1790 to the Vicarage 

of Sunbury in Middlesex -, where^ during a long and constant 

residence, his exemplary conduct, both in the dischai^ of hfa 

^ . religious duties, and by his peculiar attention to the comforts of 

A^ the poor, he has justly endeared himself to his parishioBers. 

^ J Of Queen's Collie, Cambridge, B. A. 1784; M. A. 1787; 

B. D. 1796 J F. S. A. I7. . 5 Rector of Hartshorn, co. Derby j 
in which he succeeded his father. He was Author of " A Tow 
in the West of England, 1789," 8vo ; and joint Editor, with 
Sir Egerton Brydges, of " The Topographer," 4 vols, Svo. 1789 
— 1791 ; but better known by his last valuable publication^ 
" The History and Antiquities of the Countv of Stalfbrd ;" vol J. 
1798, vol. II. Part I. 1801 j and the " History of StafiFordshire" 
is unfortunately incomplete : but Mr. Shaw's MSS have recently 
been purchased by a gentleman who has ample talents and a 
strong inclination to complete them. TogetKwr with great skill 
in Topography, Mr. Shaw possessed the advantage of a. reedy 
and accurate pencil." To those accomplishments he added a very 


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1798.3 OT run mewtmvm ctNtuRY. so| 

•^ Monody on the Death of a Frieod*, [by John 
HoUiday, Eiqf.*'] 

great proficiency in Mu^ck i and they were heightened by that 
perfbct goodness oi heart and singleness of manners which render 
his loss a severe affliction to all who had the happiness of his 
acquaintance. His warmth of friendship is indeed demonstrable 
in whateTer he wrote ; of whidi the Pre^uses to his StaffordBhire, 
and many of his Letters to Mr. Urban, reporting progress in that 
laborious undertaking, are striking examples. He had a very 
ready pencil, and his Views are in general accurate. He was 
also fond of musick, and was himself a good amateur performer. 
But his bodily frame was delicate ; and, overcomie by the toils 
of a studious life, he fell Into a mental imbecility, from whicii 
he was released by death, at an early ase, Oct. 98, 1802. 

* This Friend was Thomas Gilbert, of Cotton, in Staffordshire, 
Esq. M. P. in six successive Parliaments ; and several years 
Chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means. 

f The Monody shall be here transcribed : 

'' Pensive, in winding paths I move 
Adown the incense-breathing grove, 
A form angelic near me stood. 
And thus the Genius of the Wood : 

Cotton ! what fears, what anxious woe. 
Spread mournful through that wide domain > 

Say, art thou destined to forego 
The sylvan honours of thy reign ? 

Sooner shall Churnbt backward roU, 

And to the rock>roof d summit climb. 
Than the rude axe disroot thy knc41. 

Or these wild woods matured by time. 

While Gilbert lives, whose patriot hand. 

Amid these mountains bleak and pale. 
Planted and nurs'd, and bid them stand. 

The grace and glory of thy vale. 

GrLBBBT, whose bliss concentred here. 

Led social Friends each devious way ; 
To cooling streams meandering near. 

Safe from oppressive blaze of day. 

Contemplative, how oft have we. 

While Care sate brooding on the night. 
Seen the pale moon illume yon tree. 

And beam with gladness, as with light 

Long the Iov*d partner of his joys. 

With all Hygeia*s healing skiA, 
Sach anxious moment, pl^'d, employs. 

His cup, with balmy comfort, pkas'd to SXL 


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304 LITERARY ANRGP0TB8 [1798. 

^^ A Sermon^ preached at Brunswick Chapel, 
Portman Sauare, on Snnday^ April 15, 179 8, and 
at Ebury Cnapel^ Sloane Street, on Sunday, May 
80, 1798^ for the Benefit of the Royal Humane 
Society. By Archer Thompson*, M. A. Chaplain 

But, hark ! the (leath-bell wounds my ear ; 

Deep sable-cinctur*d night dispread. 
Deep gloom of Melancholy here, 

Gilbert is numbered with tl^ dead. 

Cotton, prophetic was thy fear. 

Nor vain thy dread of ruthless spoil ; 
Who now shall guard our scenes so &ir } 

Who now shall bid our natives smile ? 

Best by its finiit the tree is known, — 

Who drew the fer-o^cities near ? 
Who rai8*d deep vales, sunk mountain's coue ? 

Fallen is the tree, imd just our tear ! 

Vale, yield thy lilies, hasten here. 

Children of P^urv, and twine 
With them the foliage, never sear. 

The cypress of a sacred shrine. 

Your Gilbert's shrine, the Guardian, Friend, 

And Father of the neighbouring Poor ; 
For when was Gilbert known to send. 

The wretched, friendless, from his door > 

Tho' last, not least, to be rever'd, 

O, Piety! in ha]low*d fane ; 
See Faith and Hope to thee endear'd, 

Entwine, immortal crown, the Founder's gain ! 

" The last acts of philanthropy and piety alluded to in tbt 
12th stanza, employed Mr. Gilbert's active mind at a very 
advanced period of his life. Conscious that a convenient 
place of public worship was very much wanted in his owa 
neighbourhood, where the distance from the parish church 
was so great as to amount, very generally in the winter 
months, to a preclusion from divine service. The new chapel 
was planned without ostentation, was erected without a sub- 
scription, and was endowed by the benevolent Founder. Since 
the consecration, the very decent and regular attendance of a 
full congregation is the surest presage of the improvement of the 
morab of the people -, and the judicious selection from the Found- 
ling and Asylum hymns, accompanied by an organ, and the general 
harmony which pervades the whole, are well adapted to inspire 
devotion. J. H. Dec, 18> 1798." 

* This excellent young man, son of the Rev. Seth Thompson 
of Kensington, was the light of that good man's eyes. Bred under 
his tuition from in&ncy to boyhood, he quitted the paternal 


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to the Loud Bishop of Peterboroueh [Dr. Spencer 
Madan], one of the Evening Preachers at the Mag- 
dalen^ &c. &c. To which is subjoined an A]:qpaidix 
on Resuscitation, by the Society." 8vo. 

*' Hezekiah, King •f Judah ; or, Invasion re* 
Dulsed, and Peace restored ; a Sacred Drama — Of 
National Application at this awfiil Crisis. Inscribed 

Toof for Eton, well grounded in classic rudiments. At Eton he 
distinguislied himself as an elegant Latin Poet in a great variety 
of pleasing exercises. FVom sdiool in his 19th year, Mr. Archer 
Thompson went to Clare Hall, Cambridge^ at his Ihther's College, 
where he soon obtained a scholarship^ exhibitions^ and prizes. 
He proceeded B. A. in 1791 (when he was Senior C^time in the 
academical honours), and M. A. in 1794. He soon succeeded 
by his merit to a Fellowship. He was almost immediately ad- 
mitted to orders 3 and never, perhaps, did so young a Cleigy- 
xnan so rapidly attain celebrity. Lectureships, morning and 
erenin^ preacherships, and innumerable charitable institutions, 
Memed emulously to contend for the preference of Mr. Archer 
T1)ompson*s choice. Uncommon exertion in the sacred profes- 
stoo hurried him to dissdution in the very zenith of his fame. 
His lungs were impaired, a quick decay ensued, and he died, 
Feb. 13, 1805. He was at that time Afternoon Preacher at St. 
Geoige's, Hanover Square, and Evening Preacher at the Mag- 
dalen 3 much esteemed as a popular Preacher, and had pubUshol 
nine or ten Sermons. — ^The rather, whose character was ever 
mild, modest, and unassuming, entered at Clare Hall, as a stu- 
<leot about the age of 20; and r^ularlv proceeded B. A. 1756, 
<uid M. A. in 1759. He entered early into orders, and at the 
time of his death had been nearly half a century in the ministry, 
bat he took no academical honours at the time of his degrees, 
heUa lettrei having for him more charms than the predominant 
studies of the uSversity. Mr. Seth Thompson's preferments 
were few ; two moderate livings, and the chaplaincy of Ken- 
nngton Palace, I believe, comprized them all. In the prime of 
Hfe, Mr. Thompson's eloquence as a plain, practical Preacher, 
^ very justly admired. Hie death of his son Archer, about 
dgbt months before him, undoubtedly gave the blow that laid 
thlsvenerable man in his grave ; for, though he bore his son's 
losB like a Christian, he mourned it inwarcHy with inexpressible 
grief. He christened his son's child on the id of October, 1805, 
when he appeared veiy unwell ; on the 7th he breathed his last, 
aged 79. His venerable remains were deposited in the family grave^ 
on his son's coflin, on the 14th. They were carried by eight poor 
Bacn, and attended by the Rev. Mr. Ormerod, the Rev. Mx- 
T^j/hr, and Mr. Thompson's two surviving sons. A Funeral Ser- 
mon was preached on the mtb, by the Rev. T. F; Dibdin. 


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to the Mo6t Noble the Marchioness of Stafford. 
[By William Allen*, Esq;*] 

" A Sermon preached at the Funeral of the Right 
Noble William Duke of Devonshire, in the Church 
of All-Hallows in Derby, on Friday, September 5, 
1707 : with some Memoirs of the Family of Caven- 
dish. By White Kennett, D. D. Archdeacon of 
Huntingdon, and Chaplain in Ordinary to her Ma-^ 
jesty. The Second Edition ; with Additions by the 
Author, and by the Editor-^. 

" A List of the Members of the Society of Anti- 

Juaries of London, from their Revival in I717, to- 
nne 19,.. 1796. Arranged in Chronological and 
Alphabetical Order :}:.•' 

" Letters on Physiognomy, by the Rev. William 
Tasker § ;** and a new Edition of ^' An Ode to the 
Warlike Genius of Britain,'* by the same Author. 

* This very respectable geiitleman has favoured the Publick 
with some other occasional Essays both in Prose and Verte. He 
was elected Warden of Dulvvich College in 1775 ; and in 1805» 
on the death of Thomas Allen^ Esq. (who had been Master 30 
years) succeeded to the Mastership of that excellent Institution j 
an office which he still very creditably sustains. 

t " This is a re-publication of the Funeral Sermon^ from a copy 
corrected and improved by the Preacher, which was, ' in 1755, 
the property of Mrs. Sarah Kennett, a lineal descendant of its 
Author ; from whom it came into the possession of the Rer. 
Henry Freeman, who politely permitted the unreserved use of it 
to the Editor.' The political reputation of the Peer, and the 
literary and political character of the Preacher, demanded this 
attention. Many other of Bishop Kennett*s publications, with im- 
provements by himself, are preserved in different Libraries.*' {Gent,, 
Mag, LXVIIL 509 ;) particularly his " Parochial Antiquities," 
wliich, by the bequest of Mr. Gough, is now the propertv of my 
worthy and learned friend Mr. Archdeacon Churt on ^ aha which', 
we may venture to hope, will be edited from the Clarendon press. 

X AJa excellent foundation for a future Work on the subject, 
which, it is to be hoped> may be taken up, either by the Society 
or their very able, industrious, and in£;enious Secretary. The 
List pf the Royal Society, at the end oTDr. Thompson's *' His- 
tory of that learned Body, is of great service to Biographers. 

§ The only son of the Rev. William Tasker, Rector of Edsleighe, 
or Idsleigh (an obscm^ village in the West of Devonshire) and 
Jane his wife. The father, for 35 years, resided constantly on his 
Rectory ; and, in the confined exercise of parochial duties, exhi- 
bited virtues and abilities which, in an higher and more extended 


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Five Volumes of a new Edition greatly enlarged 
snd improved, of ^^ A New and General Biographical 

sphere, might have rendered him an ornament of society at 
laige. He died in 177^i ^^^ his widow, June 30, 1795, »t. 84. 
She was the last branch of the antient family of the Vickries^ 
and a woman well esteemed by all her acquaintance, being uni* 
voraally amiable in disposition and manners, and (though scarcely 
exceeding the middle stature) possessed of a beauti^ person ; 
and retained her mental and corporeal faculties in such perfec- 
tion to the cloee of life, that she had a remarkably pleasing ap« 
pearance, and was really a fine woman at the age of fourscore, 
a perio4 when, in most females, the bloom of youth is chatiged 
&xt the wrinkles of age. She left two daughters, fine and ac- 
complished women, the eldest possessing no small share of the 
genius and talents of her brother. Both Parents were very ten- 
der to all their children 5 but the mother, in particular, was 
most attached to her son, whom she presented, on his father's 
death, to the Rectory, of Idesleigh ; but this ingenious and ill- 
&ted Bard did not ei^oy the income of it more than five 
years, from original incumbrances, which incumbrances were 
the occasion of merciless and severe prosecutions and litiga- 
tions. — His first poetical effort was " An Ode to the Warlike 
Genius oi Britain, 1776,*' 4to ; which had a second edition the 
following year, and a third in a collection of other Poems, in 
the same size. These were, " An Ode to Curiosity, a Bath-Easton 
Amusement, 2d edit. ; a Poetical Encomium on Trade, addressed 
to the mercantile City of Bristol -, Elegy on the Death of Mr. 
Garrick ; Congratulatory Ode to Admiral Keppel ; Carmen Se- 
culare of Horace, translated into English Verse." In 1780 he 
printed " An Ode to the Memory of the Right Rev. Thomas 
Wilson, late Lord Bishop of Man," 4to. " Ode to Speculation, 
a poetkal Amusement mr Bath-Easton Villa," 4to. In 178I, 
the first volume of " Select Odes of Hndar and Horace translated, 
and other original Poems, tx^ther with Notes, critical, histo- 
rical, and explanatory," intended to fbrm 3 volumes 8vo. In 
1783, " Annus Mirabilis ; or, the Eventful Year 1782, an histo- 
rical Poem." 1 n 179 1 he began to publish (and completed in 1 793) 
a second edition of his Select Odes, &c. in 3 vols. To these was 
added, " An Attempt to examine the several Wounds and Deaths of 
the Heroes in the Iliad and Eneid, and trying them by the Test of 
Anatomy and Physiology, in a Stties of Letters ;" a second edi- 
ticm in 1798. " Arviragus, a Tragedy, never performed; dedi- 
cated, by permission, to the Prince of Wales, 1796." 

In 1798 he was anxiously emplbyed in revising his *' History of 
Physiognomy, from the timeof Atistotle to that of Lavater," illus- 
trating the former's knowledge of the subject in the same man- 
ner 20 the anatomical knowl^ge of Homer, in 26 Letters -, and 
during that period he thus describes his unhappy situation : 
*' Dbak Sir, Idetleigh, Devon, Dec. \% 1798. 

'M continue in very ill health, and confined in my dreary situ- 

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Dictionary; containing an historical and critical Ac- 
count of the Lives and Writings of the most eminent 

%iiomtSktrvatumH€dl, 40 miles below Exeter^ out of the verge 
of Literature^ and where even your extensive Magazine mis 
never yet reached ; and consequently I do not know« if my last 
and 12th Letter has af^>eared, or whether you inserted the three 
Stanzas of my first Edition of the Ode to the Warlike Genius of 
Great Britain. I trust that both have appeared ; and if they have 
not, you may insert both Letters, one after the other, in your Ma- 
gazine far this month -, and as well the commencement of my Ode, 
if omitted in your last. And in this uncertainty^ 1 eamestiy beg 
to be fiaivoured with ever so concise an answer by the first post : 
and, in that case, only keep sufficient room -, and as many Stanzas 
of my Ode, as you can admit, shall be immediately sent to you. 
Your immediate answer is earnestly requested, to oblige. Sir, 
" Your devoted humble servant, W. Tasker." 

*' Extracts from his Naval and Military Poems*' were pub* 
lished at Bath in 1799 > and he died at Idesleigh parsonage- 
house, Feb. 4, 1806, aged 60, perfectly resigned to the will of 
God. ' He left no children, but his widow (Mrs. Eleanora Tm- 
ker) had the countenance of some of the most respectable cbi- 
racters in the county of Devon, and of many other literary 
eentlemen of the first reputation, for publishing the whole of 
his Works by subscription, with the afifecting particulars of his 
life I but the proposal, I believe, dkl not take effect. 

One short specimen of his Poetry shall here be given, an i»^ 
promptu on the honour paid to Chatterton by Mr. Thickaesae* : 
^ If breath of mortal fame can pleasure yield 

To shades of Genius in the Elysian field -, 

—Spirit of ii\jur*dCHATTBRTON! rejoice. 

And hear of fome the late applauding voice ! 

Chill penury depressed thy Muse of fire. 

And SuiciDE*s rude hand unstrung thy lyre.*— ^ 

Tho* all the Muses smil*d upon thy birth. 

And shew'd thee as a prodigy on earth > 

Lo ! such the hard conditions of thy fate 1 

Living despis*d, lamented when too late ; 

Thy thread of life (by too severe adoom) 

Was early cut, e*en in thy youthful bloom. 

Nor was thy name yet honour*d with a tomb. 

O Chattbrton ! If thou may*st deign to smile 

On one recess of thine ungrateful isk ; 

Suppress awhile thy just indignant rage. 

And view well-pleas*d the Wanderer's Hermitage; 

There thy delighted eye at last may see 

The grateful monument arise to thee : 

One worthy individual thus suj^y'd 

What all thy boasted Fktrons have denyU** 
.• See hereafter, p. S66; 

"A List 

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VenooM in every Nation; particultflythe British and 
Irish ; from the earliest Accounts of Time to the pre- 
lent Period. Wherein their remarkable Actions and 
Sufferinfi^s, their Virtues, Parts and Learning, are 
sccurately displayed*. With a Catalogue of their 
Ldterary Productions -f-.** 

'^ Reflections on the late Augmentation of the 
English Peerage. To which are added, a short 
Account of the Peers in the Reign of Queen Eliza- 
beth, and a Catalogue of all the Knights created in 
that illustrious Reign |. [By S. E. Brydges §, Esq.**] 

* " Po|m1ar Works like the present, may be considered as 
always in progress, and of consequence in their venr nature hr 
from perfect. Biographical notices, however, of any ldnd» 
though much more defective than this elaborate production, are 
highly useful and important, both to morab and to learning. 
Tbe records of the great and good, with a candid representation 
t)f tbdr infirmities, on the one part, animate the ingenuous to 
imiCation, or may deter the frail and inexperienced mind from 
errors, the memorial of which is not allowed to perish. Biqgrsr 
pfay indeed is the termination to which Virtue looks for its temr 
pml reward, and Justice for retribution > and let those who 
are paiticulariy anxious in the examination of such productions^ 
be cautious oi imputing to the Editors of this Work either neg- 
ligence, inaccuracy, or want of skill. Let it not be hastify al- 
mged, that some eminent names are altogether omitted, that 
tome are dilated with minute prolixity, and that others ars 
abridged with scanty preciseness. It seems a sufi^ient recoup 
ueadation of this edition to observe once for all, that it is ei^ 
luged by no less a number than three thousand fiour hundred and 
twwaty-four lives, either entirely new-written, or now for the 
fim time added." BHtith CrUic, XII. 245. 
^ t A new and much improved Edition of this valuable Die- 
tk»ary is now passing through the press, under the sole super- 
iotendence of my friend Alexander Chalmers, Esq. F. S. A. of 
wbich the XlXth Volume is already completed {Dec. 20, 1814.) 

t " The able Writer of these 'Reflections,* who is not adverse to 
Arirtocrscy or subordination of ranks, objects to the promiscuous 
advancement to the Baronage of many persons, ' not only totally 
^uiknown to the general Hbtorian, but which it would be difficult 
to find, surrounded with much lustre, or traced with much 
clcemess, even in our Provincial Memoirs, or the duU records 
^ the Genealogist" Gent. Mag. vol. LXVIII. p. 867. 

I ThU gen&man, born at Wootton, Nov. 30, 1762, was 
educated at Queen's College^ Cambridge, entered of tbe Middle 
Temple, I7a« ^ called to the bar, Nov. 1787 5 retired to l>enton- 

Vpt. IX P Court 

Digitized by 


*^ Arthur Fite-Albtoi, a Norel, in Two Vo- 
lom^V itmo* [By Uie toitoc Author.] 

Court in Kent (a seat wbieh lie had lately purcbased)^ 17M ; 
remorad to hk son's housa at Lea Priory near Centerfanu^, in Oc* 
tober'1810. In February 1806, he received the unexpected bat 
gratifying notification firom the Chancellor of the Equestrian, 
Secular, and Chapteral 'Order of St. Joachim, then resident at 
Stockholm, that at a Chapter in the preceding November, held 
at Btoiberg in Fmnconia, the distinctiotis of that Order> whidr 
had so lately been hononred by the acceptance of the illustrious 
l4elson, had been conferred on him. For this he has since re- 
edved his diploma in due ftirm. He had lately become, by the 
death of his elder brother, the representative of such piietensions 
p& itin remain to the Barony of Chandos . pretensions to which 
tM enormous expence and anxiety proved to be attendant on 
imB support of them in the common course, give but a forbidding 
ijipeet. At the General Election in 18 IS Mr Egerton Brydges 
viu elected a Representative in Parliament for Maidstone ^ and 
has since distingtiished himself as a very useful and active Senator* 
The Prince Regent, Dec.STi 1814, conferred on him the digtnty 
of a Baronet-^ir Egerton Bryd^ is known by many excellent 
poblkations, particuurly on sulgects of Poetry and Bibliography^ 
several of them from his own private press at Lee Priory. He also 
published the last greatly improved Edition of Collins*s Peerage ; 
in which he feelingly observes, that'* he who idms, howev er ur\]iistly, 
at the honours of a Poet and a Moralist, will surely entertain ho 
inordinate longings for the adventitious superiority conferred 
by the bauble, a Coronet ! A love of reading, more- especially 
v^rks of fimcy, history, and biography, and the dreams of Au- 
thorship, have been the ruling passions of the Editor's life. - In 
these pursuits no mercenary considerations ever mixed themselves 
tbr a moment: fbr these he has neglected interest, and every 
more profitable ambition. Instigated by these, he undertook, 
lUid has at length, by many a wearisome eflfort, carried through 
the present hdnnious Edition of CoUins's Peerage 5 for whidi, 
perhaps, after all, the best neward he will receive from many an 
inattentive and ignorant reader, will be the mortifying credit of 
b^ing considered a literary hireling working for his pay !"— ^In 
this Edition of Collins will be found (vol. VI. pp. 704 — 740) an 
ample account of the Claim to the Barony of Chandos, and of 
the Ancestors and Progeny of Sir Egerton Bnrdges. 

* '* How refreshing.' said the late Lord Orford when showing 
to a friend an ingenious and lively treatii^e on a subject of Anti- 
quity, ' how refreshing, to meet unexpectedly with such a book, 
amidst numberless volumes of technical dulness !* So we may 
•ay with great sincerity, of the Novel before us. Amidst the 
monotonous wailings m such lovers as never loved, the incoherent 
ffiirings of pretended and aukwardly assumed sensibility,, and the 
graire inuncmiitiet and blasphemies of our new-fhngled supema* 


Digitized by 



" DiaWues of Lucian from the Greek *. Volumeg 
IV, and v." [ByJohnCarr, LL.D.] &v(x^-4»thii 
imitatiou of Lucian only 250 copies wei-e printed. 
^ "Preservative Plan; or, Hints for the Preserva- 
tion of Persons exposed to those Accidents which 
•ttddenly suspend or extinguish Vital Action *f*, and 
by which many valuable Lives are prematurely lost 
to the Community. By Anthony Fothergill;j:, M.D; 
Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, &q, 

tural storieft, how refreilung to meet with the genuine e^Hiont 
of a vigorous, well iafintiied, and cultivated mind, and to^ oon- 
teiplate an eccentricity and enthusiasm, which our feelinffii tall 
vs really belong to the Author ; while we find those hazardoui 
mdities happily nuxlerated by jtidgment, polk^ness^ and ex|»- 
neooe.** BrUish Critic, XllL 66, 

* " This tranalatifHi U that of Dr. Carf ; begun in 1773, wliaa 
the first volume was published alone ; seven years before the 
piblicatiofi of Krancklin s translation. The appearance of that 
jostly approved Work did not interfere with the design of Dr. 
Offr. He proceeded, aa he originally proposed, quite at his lA-^ 
wre, but he still proceeded. His second volume, as well as tba 
fint, preceded Francklin's, having appeared in 1779 r but hit 
fiurd was sent forth in 1786, and we bdieve withoiit any notice 
if his sticeessful rival. The two volumes here announced com- 
flete the undertaking.** British Critic, XUl 448. 

t '* Again we are happy to meet the benevolent Author hi this 
additional eflbrt to preserve life, and lessen the various calamities 
* which flesh is heur to.' We testified our approbation of his 
aew * Enquiry on Vital Suspension, from Drowi^ng, Sufibcation,' 
&c. as vvdl deserving the prise medal decr^d by the Rc^ Uu- 
vane Society. To that work the present Tract forms a very 
VKful and proper appendage. It not only p<nnts out the cause 
of the fatality among infants, but how to ward ofi^ those llital 
difiastens proceeding torn water, fire, stroke of lightning, 
aoxious air. gun-powder, pestilential contagion, intense heat 
or cold, }x>isons, passions of mind, and premature burial.'* 

Geni. Mag. LXVIIL 877. 

X Dr. Aothony Fothergill was bom at Sedbergh in Westmor- 
mi in 173^*3 ; and his medical studies were diligently pursued, 
fint at Edinburgh, afterwards at Leyden, and finally in the 
Sorbonne at Pkris. He obtained the d^ree of M. D. at Bdln- 
Vugh in October 1763, on his thesis ** De Febre intei^tteflte«|^ 
iad soon aftefe* ctmimenced practice at Northampton. « 

In 17/8, \iii professional cfaaraeter being folly established, he 
wasekxHed P R.S ; and in 1781, on the death of the ceUbr«ted 
Dr* John F<rtheigiU (with whohi Dr. Anthoay F^dust^ dainted 
no oonsangtiinity, but with whom he had long maintained an 

p 2 intimate 

Digitized by 



** An Essay on the Preservation of Shipwrecked 
Mariners, in answer to the Prize Question proposed 
by the Humane Society. By Anthony FothergiU^ 

intimate and friendly correspondence) having an inclination to 
try lus fortune in the Metropcdis, he settled in Harpur-streeC 
the resideDce of bis deceased friend. But the magm nomiaii 
umhra did not realize that employment in his profession which kt 
expected, and which his active mind sought to mingle wiil^ 
and edulcorate his philosoohical pursuits. In the winter of ^ 
17S4, thereibre, he removed to Bath ; where having fixed hii ' 
residence, his reputation soon became great, and his income , 
sptendid ; whilst at the same time he seized moments of relax* 
ation to prosecute various scientific objects. 

To the Medical Society of London he was early and cordiaSy 
attached $ and contributed several valuable papers to their Trans* 
actions. In May 1786, vol. I. <' A fiital Case of a morbid en^ 
largement of the Prostate Gland, with a singular appearanct 
in the Bladder." In October 1786, vol 11. an Essay, '' On the 
EffioBicy of the Gummi rubrum astrii^ns GamlHend (or, as 
some term it, the Gummi Kins) in intennittent Fevers, and 
certain preternatural Discharges.** In April 1788, voL III. '< An 
Account of the Epidemic Catuiii (termed Influenza), as it ap- 
peared at Northampton, and in the a4)aee&t Yillagcs, in 1771^, 
with a Ckmiparative View of a similar Disease, as it was observed 
in London and its Environs, in 1778.** In January 1798^ vol 
IV. '^ An Instance of a Mdl Pulmonary Ctmsumption, without 
any evUent Hectic Fever." And in February 1795, vol. V. **An 
Account of the Effects of Arteriotomy in Gtoes of Epilepsy.** 

When the Royal Humane Society was first established, he 
became an early and most valuable Member. This is evident 
from his '^ Free Inquirr into the Suspension of Vital Action, in 
Cases of Drowning and Suffocation $** for which the gold medd 
was unanimously awarded him by the ftfedical Society in 179S. 

In 1796 he published, at Bath, '« An Essay on the Abuse of 
SbiritaoQB liquors ; being an Attempt to isxhibit, in its genuine 
Colours, iu peniidous Bflects upon the Property, Health, and 
Morals of the People; with Rules and Admonitions respectinsr 
the Prevention and Cure c^ this great National Evil/' 8vo; and 
in 1798 the '« IVeservative Plan** above noticed. 

Dr. FothemU was a Member also of several other learned 
Societiea, both in this Countnr and in America ; and obtained 
booorary rewards from many of them. The high estimation in 
whidi he hel4 those prizes will appear by a short extract from 
llis will ^' To my Cousin Thomas Bainbridge, Esq. during 
his lilb, and in trust for his son Fotheigill Bainbridge till he 
comes of age, and alto-wards to the male issue in the same fins 
tMoridg the name of FothergiU Bmnhridgt in perpetuity, I be^ 
^uaath my baamiful gold madal, a priae frpm tba Ro^al Hu- 

Digitized by~" 



M. D. p. R. S. &c;* 8vo. [This Work was a revise^ 
Edition of the Essay noticra in p. iSG.J 

xnaoe Society of LraKlon. Alto my luipe tilvcr tea-pot, and 
^ver goblet, pnzedfrom the Bath ttid West of England Societiei« 
Ako my lar^e burnished 8nutf*-box, a prize from the Londou 
Board of Agficuitare. Also my Diplomas and Certificates of 
Membership from several Learned Societies. — ^To Dr. Lettsom, 
niy sih er medal of Giq>tain Cook. Also, in consideration of his 
kindly undertaking ^o publish a Collection of my Essays, my 
gold stop-watch, and a cane with his own cypher, which he gave 
me, and which I have walked with many years, with gratefiil 
ramembrance of the Donor.*' And after appropriating lOOOL 
towards the expence of selecting and publishinfi^ his Works, he 
adds, '' I hope my worthy Fri^ and teamed Physkian Dr. 
Lettsom will do it, with his wonted accuracy and discrimination.** 
These Works consist of twelve thick folio volomes in MS. besid^ 
Miflrellaneous Essays, and maiqr hundred Letters. 

In 1803, haring acquired a fortune sufficient to enable him to 
rdinquish the duties of his profession, he determined to visit and 
oontemplate a new r^ion of the world ; and, in November that 
year, embarked for fliiladelphia, where for a few years he passed 
Ids time in learned leisure and philosophical pursuits ; and in 
1810, whilst resident in that city, he most a^ropriatel]^ cha- 
racterized a " Triumvirate of Worthies,** in an etegant Tri- 
bate to the memory of *' Howard, Mawes, and Berchtoldr whow 
acdve leal and generous efforts in the cause of humanity con- 
tpbre to immortalize their names. '* These distinguished ch%-> 
iBcters,** he says, *' uniformly through life devoted their time 
and talents to promote the happiniess, and mitigi^ the miseries^' 
of mankind^— Howard's arduous and highly £mgerous under^ 
takiog, of visiting European Prisons, Hospitals, and LazareCtos^ 
with the exprosB view ik reforming abuses and preventing con-) 
tagioos diMases, is wdl known, and stands recorded on his Mo- 
Bument in St. PmiVs Cathedral — ^Dr. William Hawes*s conduct^ 
ia public and private, was not less meritorious. He was not 
only one <^ the PHndpal Founders of the Royal Humane So^ 
ciety of London, but the most active promoter of similar Insd-* 
tutions in various parts of the world. His charity and tender 
tMJJicttmV^ towards Uie sick and distressed poor were unbounded. 
In a word, in him was Benevolence itself personiBed. — Count 
Bcrchtold, styled the humane Howard of Austria, was the foun- 
der of the Moravian Humane Society, and the Estak^hment of 
Pk!eaervation at Pkague and Brtmn. At the period of his death 
be liad converted 1^ elegant castle in Moravia into an hospital 
for riek and wounded Atistrians ;' in attending whom he caught 
auMdignant pestilential fever, and, like the British How^^ 
fen a victim to his disinterested humanity !" Dr. Fothei^*8 
ck«nt 'nibate is primed at large in Gent. Hag. LXXXI. LS674 


Di§itized by VjOOQIC 


^^ A Sermon preached at the Visitation held ia 
Grantham, May 14, 1798. By Samuel Hopkin- 
ton, B. D. late Fellow of Clare Hall, and Vicar of 
Mprton." Syo. 

Id 1S19, the political disputes between Great Britain and 
^mmra gradually acquiring warlike animosity, and some other 
circumstances c<^fiinected with biT» native soil, induced hini» 
llicnigh appri^chiiig his 7Bth vear, to re-cross the Atlantic $ 
and in Si (it itit^r bt* anivecl at laverpool ; after which, he took 
wp his rtsjijence in St. George's Place, Christ Church, Surrey, 
with Mr Matthew Ba^n, who had accompanied him in his 
Toy age fi'om America -, and in whom he found a steady and kind 
frieml till the day of hi^ death. May 11, 1813. 

Id \ih last WUI, made at Philadelphia in September 1810, he 
desires to be buried In the Episcopal Church which he usually at- 
tended i and directs a plain oval marble tablet to be thus inscribed : 

«« To the memoiy of Anthony Votheigill, ML. D. F. R. S. 

a Native of Westmorland in England, 

^rtio departed this life, at an. advanced age# 

, and rests here 

in the humble hope of a gkMrioua ResurreetioA. 

** Reader, here make a solemn pause. 

^ HsBiember, t hat thou art in the awfiil presence of thy Creator ! 

vrtit knows all thy actions and innate thou^ts, which are all 

f smded, and for which thou must one day give an account* 

*' He tkai formed ihe e^e, $haU he not see? 

He that formed the ear, shall he not hear 9 

. '' Remember that on the present day hangs Eternity, to which 

then art hastening. — Resolve, therefore, instantly to devote thyself 

iB Virtue, Religkm, and Piety ; which alone can give thee peace 

hsfe^ and eveilasting happiness hereafter Resolve, to preserve a 

ckMur eonsdenoe; and to be not almost, but oilof e^A^,aChnstian." 

For the substance of this Note, I am indebted to an Oratioo 

las jet unpublished) delivered by Dr. Lettsom at a meeting of 

vm Medical Society \ which I will not farther anticipate, than to 

observe that, independently of handsome remembrances to many 

jof his friends, he has bequeathed munificent legacies to many 

Qsefhl and charitable institutions. — In London, to the Society 

lor benefiting the Condition of the Poor ; the Society for the 

BHnd ; the Society for the Dumb ; the Female Asylum ; the 

literary Fund ; the Philanthropic Society ; the Royal Humane 

Spdety I and tha Society of Aru, Manu&ctures, and Commeroe. 

*— At Bath, to the Hospital for Invalids ; the Bath and West of 

jbigland Society of Agriculture ; the County Hospital ; and the 

fihmiane Society. — At Northampton, to the County Hospital.—* 

At Margate, to the General Sea-bathing Infirmary. — And at 

Philadalphia, to the Hospital ; the Dis^nsaiy ; St. George's 

Sedetyfor tke ReUefof Ei^Ushmen y Uk Mi^dakn Hoi|ttUl; 


Digitized by 



"* A DbMrtatioQ* on the Modern Style of altering 
Aotient Cathedrals^ as exemplified in the Cathedm 
of Salisbury. By the Rev. John Miloer-f, M. A." 

the Sunday Schoob 5 the Yoimg Ladies BeDeroleot Society ; tht 
Laiiies Hospitable Society ; the Adelphaic School for poor Qiil- 
dren ; and the Scbod for poor ^egro Children. — ^And to each 
of these he has giren with an unsparing liberality. 

* *^ Mr. Urban's Correspondents having freely expressed their 

seodmentB on this barbarous modification of this beaudfiil striic- 

ture (see Gent Mag voL L1X. p. 873. 874, 1194» LX. 906) ; 

and his Reviewers (LXIll, 444) $ it was reserved fur this able 

Writer^ whob by his profession, may be presumed a jud^ in 

Eodesbstkal Antiquities^ to give his opinion on the subject | 

wfaiefa he has done in a masterly manner, and crowned the whole 

bythoseofttiekteEarlofOrford. Prefixed b an engraving, by 

Ifr. Carter, of the Monument of Bishop Poore, Founder ot the 

Cithedral, by the late alteration wantonly despoiled of its ca^ 

nopy^towhichboardshavebeensubstituted;* Q,M,LXVlIL\0b7. 

t This very learned Divine was elected F.S. A. 1789$ and in 

that year, whilst Minister of St. Peter's Chapel at Whichester, 

he pobGshed a sensible Discourse on His Mi^ty's Recovery, im 

whidi he has introduced a very elaborate justification of tha 

winciples and conduct of modem Catholics. He also published 

tbe Funeral On^on of Louis XVI. at the Fimei-al Service per^ 

ionned hj the French Cki^ of the King's house, Winchester, 

April \% 1793. In 1798 he published " The History, OvU and 

Bcdeaiastical, and a Survey of the Antiquities, of Winchester { \* 

a work for which, by his peculiar situation find studies, he was 

cmiDcaitly qualified $ which, whatever may be th<night of his 

nfigkius prejudices, is highly acceptable to the Antiquary; 

and ofwUcha new suEidenls^ged Edition appeared in 1809 §. He 

is also Author of '' An Historical and Critical Inquiry into the 

Enstence wad Character of St. George, P^ti-on of England;'* 

and was severely reprimanded by the Author of ** The Pursuits of 

Ltterature,*' for a pamphlet which he wrote in 1795, intituled, 

'' A Reply to the Report published by the Cisalpine Club on the 

Pro t es t ation," &e. He has long distinguished himself among his 

Roman CsthoBc Brethren as an active and zealous Bishop in Far^ 

tt6i» Rdeikm ; and tor many years has been an occasional Cor- 

icapondent to the Gentleman's Magazine ; in which, among 

a variety of other sutgeots, he strenuously maintains the muu- 

colons ei^cts of St Winefredes Well 

•f- To this Work 18 annexed, as a Supplement, an Historical Account 
of St. Feter't Chapel, first founded in 1 174, and rebuilt by a liberal sub- 
scfipdoa^-** A. D. 1799, Dec. 5, 1 John, Bishop of Centuric, oonsecratMl 
this Chapel mad this Altar, in honour of the btessed Virgin Manr, St. Fb- 
ter the Apostle, and St. Birinus and St. Switbin, Confessors and Bishops i 
and I enclosed in the -Altar the Relics of S. S. Pius and Const ant ius, 
Xfartyrsi and of S. S. Seven and Victoria, Virgins and Martyrs, &c." 

t Afaongst other Additions, Is a <« Posucript, coAtalnint a Reriew of 
tht Reviews, and other PubUcations respectins tht Histoiy of Winchester.*' 

*♦ The 

Digitized by 


»16 LlT£kA&T ANBCDdTE!! [l798- 

^^ The History and Antiquities of Leicester- 
shire^ Vol. II. Part II. containing the Hundred of 
Gertre*.** Fofio. 

^* The Epistolary Correspondence, Visitation 
Charges, Speeches, and Miscellanies, of the Right 
Reverend Francis Atterbury, D. D. Lord Bishop 
of Rochester -f*. With Historical Notes, and brief 
Memoirs of the Author, by John Nichols, F. S. A. 
Edinb. & Perth,*' in Five Volumes, Svo.^I 

* We congratulate the Publick with the sincerest pkasure^ on 
this addition to an important and valuable Work, the progFeasive 
continuation of which seems more and more to increase the re- 
putation of the Author for indefatigable diligence, perseveriiM^ 
research, acute observation, and skilful arrangement of his 
matter. Before we enter into particulars, justice to Mr. Nichols 
lequu^ us to observe, that of this large volume, nearly a thiid 
part is given to subscribers without any additional expence; 
and the subject of whidi it treats, namely, the Religious Foun- 
datioDS in Leicester, is no less interesting to the ^ntiquary, than 
entertaining in itself, and productive of general entertAinmertt 
and information. It may be also observ^, that the History of 
Leicester Abbey has never before been known.'* B. CrUic, XII, M. 

f This Edition is now among the very scarcest books. 

X ** These interesting and entertaining volumes are now pio- 
duced to the publick together in an uniform appearance ; and 
we may venture to assure the reader, that the pieces which are 
here given are genuine and authentic ; and, however he may esti- 
nate the principles and character of Atterbury, it is impossible he 
should not derive both amusement and instruction from the mis- 
cellaneous contents of thb publication.** BrUish CrUk, XV. 167. 

** Two volumes of this valuable work were published in I78S ; 
a third in 1784 ; a fourth in 1787. All these have been en- 
tirely new arranged, and considerably enlaiged \ and the FiMi 
is now for the tint time added. This Collection having been for 
some time out of print, a new edition was begun in 1789. \il^ 
it has not sooner i^peared, let the £ditor*s Advertisement explain: 

'< When the Reader is informed that, in respect to the presont 
publication, the wmwa^ prematur m annum has more than been 
observed, he may be tempted to exclaim, Parturvunt, &c. — ^The 
ml truth is (as vnll appear firom the title-pages, which it would 
be ridiculous afl^tation to cancel), that rour of the vohunes 
were actually [nrinted in 1789 and 1790$ and the causes of their 
having been so long delayed, though unimportant, have been 
various. The numerous avocations of a life fi>r many years de- 
voted to aotive public se^rvifie j the requisite attention to a la- 


Digitized by 


J 799*] or THE iiGirnENtH cbmturt. 91 7 

^^ A Proposal for restoring the antieiit Constitu- 
tion of the Mint ; so far as relates to the Expenoe 
of Coinage ; together with the Outline of a Plan fpr 
the Improvement of the Money, and for increasing 

borious thoagfa pleanng professioii ; an incessant application to 
another faivourite pursuit, the compiling of a County History ; 
tiie pleasinff cares and relaxations which unavoidablv result from 
a large and afifisctionate young family ; occasional iU health ; 
and eren those fits of indolence which accompany advancing 
years ; have all, in their turn^ intervened. But the Work> su^ 
as it is, is now completed ; and the Fifth Volume is an excrea- 
eence (it is hoped an entertaining one) which has arisen ia the 
long intervaL In compiling the Brief Memoirs of Bishop At<* 
terbury, the strictest impartiality has been observed. Fasts, 
whieh speak for themselves, have been the object : the com- 
ment is left to the discretion of the Reader. — ^To the Rev. Dr. 
Morice many thanks are due, for an accurate copy of the 
Bishop's admirable Speech in the House of Lords, now first cor- 
lectly presented to the publick. To the Rev. Mr. Coxe some 
Mpowgy may be requisite, for the liberty which has been taken^ 
In extracting several articles from his valuable Memoirs of S^ 
Robert Walpole. To the Reader of these volumes none can oa 
this occasion be necessary, as the series of Bishop Atterbury't 
Correspondence becomes thus more abundantly complete. iW 
Letters of Semple [a Spy] are copied fhxn the originals, com^ 
municated fit>m first-rate authority. His connexion with the 
BMiop is fixed by the Letters whkh the learned Prelate confi- 
dratisdly addressed to him j Letters, whidi, it will be recolleoled, 
are now (ninted, not in vindication of Semple*s perfidy, but to 
iUustrate the history oi a memorable ]ieriod. On the authenti- 
city of the other articles it would be useless to expatiate. Wer^ 
the EditcHT at liberty to mention the soinces whence the fkr 
greater part of them were obtained, it would stamp an honour 
on any publication. The Notes and Illustrati<»s may possibly 
prove acceptable^ and if, in the length c^ time they have been 
accumulating, some anachronisms or repetitions should be da- 
lected, indu^ence will doubtless be granted." — We shall not 
enfauge on this artide any frrther than to obsarve, that the £dif 
tor £is, in this compilation, performed an acceptable work* 
The Memoirs of Bishop Atterbury are new-written, and contain 
many origina] fiicts $ the Letters of Semple the%j¥ are partial- 
larlv interesting; and the Index to the Notes and lUustratio&s 
will shew, at one view, their nurnb^ and inmortanoe. An in- 
genious essay is introduced, the (mxluction of our late learned 
Correspondent Mr. Denne, under the title of '^ Remaii[s on a 
pMsage in a Letter fhnn Bishop Atterbury to Pdpe, in vHuch 
he refers to an Epistle of Cicero to Attlcus, and mentkms his 
Country Neighbaun\i#rHta and Se6osKi;* Gmt.Ma8.LXX.Wlf. 


Digitized by 


Sl3 UTJSfl41tY A^EC]>qTK9 [}799* 

the Difficultjr of Counterfeiting. By the Rev. 
Rogers^'Ruding*, B. D. Vicar of Maldon, Surrey*'* 
^^ ^JThe Introduction to the Second Volume of 
^ Sepulobr^ Mo«qi|ieqt$ of Gieat Britt^in, applied 
to illustrate the History of Families^ Manners, Ha- 
bits,, and Arts, at the difierent Periods from the 
Norman Conquest to the XVHth Century, with 
Introductory ObservatiiMis-f-.* By Mr. Gough,** Fol. 

* Second son of the Rer. Rqg;e|rB RucHng> Archdeacon oi hei- 
tester, by Anne daughter of James Skrymaber^ Esq. He was 
horn at LeicesteTj Aug. 9> 17^1) •ome time Fellow of Merlon 
XloUege, Oxford I B,A. 1771 j M.A. 1775) B.D.1782. 

Mr. Ruding, in 1812, circulated " Proposals for publishing 
hf Subscription, Annals of the Coinage of Britain aiul its Depend- 
encies; from the earliest Period of authentic History, to the End 
of the l^eth Year of His present Msyesty, Kii^ Gecoge lU. 

«^That thfi Afft of Coinage/* he says, " in this Kingdom has 
Jong been extremely defective, hai^ requires any proof. The baic* 
hadty of the workmanship is evident, troai the slightest inspec- 
tion : and the constant disappearance of the Money, in a shoit 
time after it has been issued irom the Mint, irrefragab)yprovea» 
that the principles pn which it is conadruoted are not leaa 
imperfect than the execution. To trace the progre^a of the 
Errors in our Coinage, from the earliest times down to the pre- 
sent, and to offer to the consideration of the Publick a theory 
less liable to ol^iection than that which has bitherto been acted 
Upon, are tbe main objects of this work, , whiph will form Three 
.Volumes in j^Juarto, of which only Tbi«e Hundred Cc^pies will 
he printed. On account of the limited number, the price wiU 
helSsn Guineas for the common Paper> and Fifteen for the lai^ge, 
of which no more wiU be printed than are subscribed for.** 

For the illustration tmd embellishment of these Voliunes the 
Sociear of Antii|uarifls have permittad the Plates of Mr. Fdkes'a 
W^irk'on Coins to be nseo. J heartily wish si^oooss to a work 
ef such sterling merit ; and shall only observe, that the Pub- 
lick at large have to regret that worth and talents like those of 
Mr« Rudi^ should be confined to the precincts of a small 
sequestered rillage. 

t *^ On Mr. G^ugh^s singular industry in this tine of inquiry^ 
weha;fe prevkwBly bestowed commendation ; and we now owe him 
the praise of having, by the exercise of great peneverance, com- 
jpieaeda mass of information respecting antient Sepulture, which 
will be sought in vain in the pages of any other individual 
Writer." Mi Ret. K S. XXXF, 4S 

*' This great and splendid worii^ though undertaken and 
eaeeuted at the expence xif a sin^individml, is yet a National 
work, and of a superior style and interest to many of the volu- 

Digitized by 


17M-^ OP THB Bi(»nsNTa cBimntT. aiy. 

*' A Treatise pn Sugar ♦. By Benjamin Moi^e/^ 
M. D, Author of |i 1 realise on Tropical Dijipased ^ 
Military Operations ; and the Climate of the West 
Indies; and a Treatise on Coffee: Physician to 
Chelsea Hospital, Member of the College of Phy- 
sicians of London, of the University of Leydeii, &c/ 

" The History^ and Antiquities of the Parish of 
Saint Leonard Shoreditch, end Liberty of Norton 

fliinoMS productions daily obtruded on our libraHes by intensted 
puhlishm. The Second volume comprehends a period of our Uia- 
toiy distiiiguished by the progress and retolutions of Art, SepuK* 
cfanl Statuary advanced to Sepulchral Architecture* and sug«« 
gestkig an History of Gothic Architecture, w)uch, we see witk 
regret, has not yet been undertaken to the extent it <)eserve&r 
before modem dilapidations, under the mistaken idea of im« 
provement^ take place in the principal specimens of that Archi* 
lecture among us. The Preface to this secorul volume gives m 
summary view of the subject, concluding with a tribute of grate*. 
M friendship to the memory of a young Artist *, who has contri* 
buted so much to the present Work, and with the Author s rea« 
ions for declining to continue it to the period he at first assigned/ 
The Introduction, making a volume ojf itself contains 40 plates 
of monuments, crosses, shrines, insaiptions, dates, &c. &€. 
It contains a general view of Sepulture throughout the worldj 
connected with that in our own Island $ laige additions to the 
difieient articlt^ treated of in the Introduction to vdl. I. wh^^ 
otaU not otherwise have been preserved. Several subjectjf.^ 
coonexion herewith are here, for the fii-st time, separai^y4iA7 
mmtdi such as Shrines, Characteristicks of Saints, Epitj^phs, 
IiMcriptions, Letters and Numerals, and Dates. In sbcirt, tlie; 
whole system of Sepulture and Memorials of Moriality in Great 
Britain is maply developed. We can only express our wishes 
that some Antiquary might arise to discuss many other branches 
of Alt and Science among us to as fiill an extent, before a va« 
liety of circumstances coikmu* to extinguish all i^emoiials of 
citber in Great Britain as well as in Europe." G M. LXIX,^S&. 

* ** The Reader will find much learning, extensive investiga*- 
tione, many ctirious fetcts, iind 1ntere^ting remarks, in the course 
of this worL It may be observed, that mo^ of the Medical and 
Philaeopbical Disquisitionsof this ingenious Writer are not founded 
on re|K>rt, or tlieoretical conjectures, but on actual oiiS?r\at4oQSy; 
derired fhim a long residence in the West Indies." lhi*i, /?. 41* 

f " We feel a pleasure in perusing the concluding m^d^ 
and gnstefiil acknowledgement of the assistance which the. in- 
dnetrkme Cominkr has received from various friends, who are 

« Mr. Jatob Scfanebbclie ; mt vol. VI. pp. 293. 333. 


Digitized by 



Fblgat^y in the Suburbs of London. By Henry 
EUis*, Fellow of St. John's College, Oxford/' 

•^ Travels through several Provinces of Spain and 
Portugal*!*, &c. By Richard Croker, Esq. Captain 
in the late 99th Regiment of Foot.*" 

" Plan and Regulations of the Sea-Bathing Infir- 
mary at Margate :|:, opened August 1, 1796/' 8vo. 
[A Sermon preached for th^ Infirmary, by the Rev. 
William Chapman §, M. A. was printed at Margate.] 

" A Letter to the Rev. John Milner, M. A. F.S.A. 
Author of the Civil and Ecclesiastical History of 
Winchester ; occasioned by his false and illiberal 
Aspersions on the Memory and Writings of Dr. 
Benjamin Hoadly, formerly Bishop of Winchesterjl • 
By Robert Hoadly-Ashef , D. D." 

as sincere in their good wishes for him as he can be in his re- 
turns to them." Ihid. 591. 

* This " History" may be said to have laid the foundation of 
Mr. £His*d fame and fortune. It is needless to mention the 
literary reputation and the respectable rank in life which he has 
since gained by his industry and talents 3 but neither his feme 
nor his rank in life are yet by any means at their summit. 

t " The Writer was taken on board a Jamaica-man^ hy the 
eoari»ined Fleets of France and Spain^ in the year 1780^ and ex- 
piffienced that kind and hospitable treatment, which does ho- 
nour to the Spanish character.*' Gent, Mag.LXlX. 769. 

iXhis excellent Institution is one of the many plans for 
ch posterity will have to bless the name of Dr. Lettsom 5 and 
I have the more pleasure in recording it, having had in some 
small degree the happiness of co-operating in its formation, 
the land on which the Infirmary is built having been pfur* 
chased in 1793, in the names of Dr. Lettsom, the Rev. John 
Pridden, ^nd myself. The cer^nony of laying the first stone 
was accompanied by an excellent appropriate Prayer by the 
Rev. Weeden Butler. 

$ Mr. Chapman died in September 1810 -, being then Rectcff 
of Kimble Parva, Bucks, and Vicar of St. John's Mai^te. 

II '' Mr. Milner has received a spiiited and proper answer Arom 
tba successor of Bishop Hoadly's son in the Chancellorship of 
the Church of Winchester." Gent Mag. LXIX. 787 —Dr. Mil* 
nar, in a Postscript to the Second Edition of his '' History of 
Winchester," has given the Retort Courteous to Dr. Hoadly-Asbe. 

^ Robert Ashe, of Pembroke CoDege, Oxford ; M. A. 1793 ; 
B. and D. D. July 17> 1794 ^ an excellent Scholar, and some 
jean Master of the Free Grammieur School at Crewkerne, where 


Digitized by 


17i>9^] OP THft XieHnBim WfirURT. Stl 

f^ A Discoune delivered at Rotherhithe Chorch^ 
May 26y 1799^ for the Benefit of the Royal Hu- 
mane Societ|r« By the Rev. T. Haweis*, LL. B« 
ftod M. D. CbaplaiQ to the late Countess of Hun-i 
tingdon, and Rector of All Saints^ Aldwinckle, 

" Memoirs of Mark Hildesley, D. D. Lord Bishop 
of Sodor and Mann^f*, and Master of Sherbum Hos^ 

be published the Pbems of his ingenious papil Master Browne in 
1787 (see p. 99). On the death of his aunt^ Mrs. Hoadlj, relict of 
Dr. John Hoadly, Chancellor of Winchester, having obtained a 
very coosid^nable property, he assumed the name of Hoadly-Ashe» 
* The Rer. Thomas Haweis, LL. B. was Chaplain to Selina 
Coontess of Huntingdon, and preached her Funeral Sermon*" 
Ib February 1764 he was presented /or a limited time (the living 
being then within a few days of a lapse, and the value of tfaa 
advowson bein^ llOOl.) to ttie Rectory of Aldwinckle All Saints 
ia Northamptonshire -, but the presentation was attended with 
lome noise, aad occasioned *' A feithful Narrative of Facts relate 
tive to the Faesentation of Mr. Haweis to the Rectory of Aid* 
wiackle, in ^Jorthamptonshire ;" "An Answer to a Pamphlet, 
intituled, A faithful Narrative of FacU, &c. By Martin Madan ;** 
and " lUmarks on the Answer of the Rev. Mr. Madan, to the 
fiutbful Narrative of Facts,** &c. all which are fiuiiy efntomized 
in (knt Mag. XXXVII. 507—510. His other publications are, 
t Volume of Sermons on Evangelical Principles and Practiee ; a 
Fait Sermon ; a Scriptural Refutation of the Arguments of Poty- 
pamy; Hints respecting the Pdor$ the Evangelical Expositor, 
m two volumes, folio ^ tlie Communicant's Spiiitual Companicm } 
apdan E&positlon on the Church Catechism, Essays on Chris- 

t '' In the ensuing Narrative, and in the several miscellaneous 
papers subjoined, the Editor considers himself as having pre* 
aented the fruits of accurate attention, and of strict fidelity. It 
was his earnest wish to make a very respectable name better 
known than it seemerl likely to be, firom the slight accounts 
hitherto ofifisred to the Publick. Bishop Hildesley, in his opinion 
St least, merited a more extensive delineation of the amiable 
^nalities which he personally possessed ; as well as of those sin* 
gqlar exertions in the cause oif true Religion, which at length 
produced the Manks Version of the Holy Scriptures ; and have 
^f^p^y adorned his character as a Philanthropist, and as a 
Divine.— The task of preparing this work was indeed pleasant ; 
skhough, in certain respects, it required a train of investigation 
aomewhat toilsome, from the scantiness of original documents 
that first appeared ; reduced as they were to a still narrofwer 
^mpaas, by the irremediable loss of many interesting papers, 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

m irrt&Aitt AKBcMrfes IXi^ 

pital; Qiider whose auspices th^ Holy Scriptures 
were translated into the Manks Language. By 

which ^is Lordslnp throughout life had careMty presenrerf. — Vtr^ 
M^vering inquiry* however, was tried wita succeasf and nniooa 
■laterials of the kind have thus come to light, which will ba 
found in the course of the volume. They are liberal commini- 
^ations, ei:her of respectable Clergymen in England and th» 
kle of IVfann, or of other kind fHends to the deceased BialK)|i. 
With most of them his Bicigrapher has not the honour of a per- 
sonal acquaintance ; and he therefore feels it the more his duty 
very cordially to acknowledge the obKgattoti, and to retnni 
thettt his sincerost Thanks.--^me account may be expected of 
bis motive for giving so large an Appendix. He might, perbapa 
with propriety, have thrown the substance of some particiilar 
letters, and of other pieces thus added, into the boidy of the 
Memoirs ; but he chose to insert those articles in their simple 
state of originality, rather than incur the chai^ of having let- 
aened their merit by mutilation. — In consequence of many^ad- 
ditional letters being sent in during the impression, the Editor 
was obliged to altei* the numbenng of some of them ; y^ as 
the actual dates of all are expressed in the Table of ContenlB, 
those very few which are now erroneously referred to, in tba 
beginning of the Memoirs, will easily be traced. He deems no 
fiuther apology requisite, for having thus been enabled to render 
the book more valuable. Some trivial errata may probaUy 
oecur ; but he relies on the candour of his readers to eorrecS 
and excuse them. — What Dr. Jortin, a school-fellow of our 
good Prelate, has observed in refbrence to his Patron Ardi* 
biabop Herring, may not unsuitably be adopted befe. *' If tb^ltt 
iMipers should live, protected by the subject which they treat, 
and the materials of which th^ are composed, they may, per- 
haps, assist in doing justice to his memory.** Such, truly, was 
the chief object proposed by the undertaking ; and in this tIcw 
the performance is now sent forth, without in d Hfere ac e, and 
without anxiety.** Editor's Athertisemeni. 

A copy of the " MemoirB of Bishop Hildesley,** prevtoos to tbeir 
general publication, was thus acknowledged by Bbhop Douglas : 
'* Rev. Sir, fVmdsar CastU, Dec. 9, 1796. 

** Your obliging present reached me at SaUebury, when I was 
upon the point of setting out fen* this place : And though the 
Volume is pretty large, 1 have, in three days since ray arrival 
here, got through it. I most heartily thank you for the great 
entertainment the perusal has aflforded me ; and, indeed, ibr 
the instruction 1 have received. Many of the letters you have 
introduced in your Appendix, are truly valuable ; and I have 
not the least doubt that the Wortc will have an exten&ive chrcu- 
lation. With my best wishes, I remain, Reverend Sir, your 
faithful humble servant, J, SAatrM.** 


Digitized by 


1799 J OF i«m Mia ft -i' teK i yH century. 1^3 

the He\r, Wfeedeii tiuljler*, Mdrnirigi t^reachfer of 
Charlotte^tre^t Chapel/' 8to. 

* This gentleraan is a native of Margate^ the sixth son of Mr. 
Dinuel Butler, a reputable solicitor in that town, and was him-^ 
self originally intended for the l^w ; but, entering from choice 
into holy orders, has been Minister of Charlotte Street Chape), 
Pimlico, ever since it was opened by Dr. Dodd, till the year 1814. 
He was also the Master of a School in Cheyn^ Walk, Chelsea, 
where many persons of considerable rank and family distinction 
have been so thoroughly grounded in morality and general learft- 
Ib^, as to become bright ornaments to their countiy. Amongst 
other scholar, this truly good man has the gratification of see^ 
ing two M)ns treading a<siduoits]y in his own paths:. .. .a 
younger son, Charles William Butler, Captain of The WiUbun 
I^tt, extra East Indiaman, has reached the goal of immortality 
before him j for, on the 17th of Dec. 1813, the ship tbundered, 
with all its crew, during a tremendous gale, at midnight^ off 
Algoa Bay, after firing several half-minute signal guns. 

The Rev. Dr. George Butler, bom in 1774, was educated 
imder his £ather*8 caretifl 17^, when he was admitted a acho* 
kr on the foundation of Sidney-Sussex College, Cambridge ; 
and in that ca|)acity obtained, repeatedly, exhibitions and 
prizes, classical and mathematical. In 1794 he took the degree 
of B.A. when, after a public examination, he was named the 
Senior Wr mgler and Senior Prizeman of his year ; and being, 
tliereupon, chosen Mathematical Lecturer of his own College, 
became soon afterwards a Fellow of tliat Society. In 1797 he 
took the degree of M. A. and was soon after appointed Classical 
IXitor. In 1804 he took the degree of B. D and was elected a 
Puh> " Kxarainer in the University. In 1805 he was nominated 
one of the eight Honorary University Preachers; and in April 
cf tiic same year chosen Head Master of HaiTOW : after exhibit- 
ing to the Governors of the School, and to his Grace the Arch- 
Ushop '»f Carl er bury, j?iich honourable testimonials of character, 
from the chief J>ignitaries and Scho(;l-men of Cambridge, as 
perhaps were never befbi-e be.4owed on any member of that 
body. These testimonials I myself hare seen. He received the 
dej*Tee of D. D. by Royal Mandate, bearing date April S7, 1805 j 
and still presides over the School at Harrow with high reputa- 
tioD. From his College he lately recei^ ed the Rectoiy of Gayton 
ki Nofrthamptonshire 

An elder brother, the Rev. Weeden Butler, bom in 1772, was 
similarly rdticited at his father's select seminary, in the same 
dasee%>, till 1790 j when with his brother he was entered of the 
aame College, on the same day. He, too, sat for and obtained 
m adtolarship, as likewise an exhibition, by his proficiency in 
dpBsical studies ; soon declining, however, all attempts at ma- 
thematical honours, from an un^sguised conviction of a beloved 


Digitized by 



^^ Critical Disquisitions on the Eighteenth Chap- 
ter of Isaiah. In a Letter to Edward Ring^ Esq. 
F.R. S. A. Sr [By Bishop HorsleyJ 4to. 

brother's mare splendid talents, and superior attainmentB. Hs 
became fi. A. with credit in ^794 ; and M. A. in 1797. He wis 
appointed Afternoon Lecturer of Charlotte Street Chapel> on the 
recommendation of his predecessor the Rer. Dr. Wilmss, and 
Evening Lecturer of Brompton, on the recommendation of the 
Rey. T. F. Dibdin, in 181 1 . His work " Zimao the African*' was 
twice printed and published with success, i. e. in 1800 and 1807; 
it pleads the cause of humanity in pathetic language. For more 
than nineteen years he was dandcal-assistant in his fitther's 
school at Chelsea -, to the superintendance of which establishment 
he succeeded in 1814 : when the venerable Princqml calmly and 
contentedly retired to the viUaee of Gayton, to be Curate to the 
Master of Harrow. — Such and so humble is the solace in this 
lower world of a man of blameless manners and exalted charac- 
ter, whose life has been incessantly and most exemplarily engaged 
in arduous professional toil, in the service of his f^km creatures, 
for upwards of a century ! — " Sic vos non vobis ! ! J " 

The elder Mr. Butler was one of the eariiest Institutors of the 
excellent " Society for the Dischaige and Rdief of Persons im- 
prisoned for small Debts ;*' and most materially assisted his friend 
and coadjutor the late James Neild, Esq. in preparing for the 
press a Thii-d Edition of the Account or |hat Society, published 
m 1806 ; and still more so in the enlaiged Edition of 1810, eveiy 
line of which he twice transcribed i and also took upon himself 
the labour of correctinc^ the proof-sheets : all thb he did gra- 
tuitously. The friendship, indeed, which existed between these 
two benevolent characters cannot be better exemplified and at- 
tested than by the followinff Letter [published by Mr. Ndld ia 
the third edition of his woricj : 

'' Kbv. Sir, C^e2fea, Jan. 1, 1808. 

'M am unwillii^ to close these pages without embracing the 
opportunity th^ anord me of thus publicly expressing the ardent 
gratification I reel, in common with you, at the success and 
stability of this benevolent Society ; and of uniting my congra- 
tulations with yours on the incalculable benefits wmch the pub- 
lick have long derived, and, under Divine Phmdence, through 
the most remote periods of time, will, I trust, continue to re* 
oeive, from its establishment, and the extension of its otjecti | 
aided by the bountv of the Christian, the Philanthn^nst, and 
the Man of tlie World, to all of whom the great end of rdievinr 
human misery, the peculiar object of the Institution, is detfm 
consideration. When I look back to the distant jp^iod of our 
lives, and observe that of the first Committee of the Sodetj, 
you. Reverend Sir, and myself, remain the only sorvivon ; I 
cannot but feel the most ppweribk Mid^ at the^ same tbne, tie 


Digitized by 


1799*^ ^OF TH£ £I6BTE£MTH 4:BMTURT, m(^ 

" TTie Anniwrsary Sermon of the Royal Humaiie 
Society, preached at Grosvenor Chapel, oa Sunday 

most bumble gratitude to tbe Great Disposer of all buman events, 
ibr having suflered roe to live, and witness tbe bappy result of 
our early ^ and well-meant endeavours. And wben I pursue tbe 
course of reflection, and find tbat, in addition to tbe conse- 
quences naturally attendant upon an advance in years, I labour 
under painful infirmities, tbat basten to plunge me into tb^t 
awibl, yet bopefiil, gulph of deatb, wbicb bas already absorbed 
our l^low-labourers in tbe vineyard -, I confess 1 feel an irresist- 
ible impulse to embrace tbis, perbaps tbe last and only oppor- 
tunity I shall ever bave, of publicly commemorating, as fiur as 
the feeble efforts of an bumble individual will be allowed to ex- 
tend, our joint exertions in the same great cause; and of testi- 
fying tbe sincere pleasure with which I at all times recur to tbe 
early intimacy and long-continued friendship, wbicb bas formed 
one of tbe unfeigned sources of the comfort and happiness 6f my 
fife. With growing and well-merited esteem. Sir, I witnessed 
vour successful exertions in behalf of tbe Society, at its earliest 
institution : Often have I felt the influence acknowledged by all 
ifbo bave heard tbe eloquent and impressive Discourses wbicb 
you have delivered from tbe pulpit, in recommendation of tbe 
-objects embraced by this Chanty } and never, whilst I am per- 
mkted to retain the power of noemory, can tbe gratifying recol- 
lection be effaced, o( tbe glow of surprize and pleasure, which 
beamed from every countenance around you, upon tbe receipt 
of .lOOL sent by a then unknown, though eminent advocate for 
mififering bumanity -, no more than can the impression of tbat 
active zeal with which you personally assisted, to search out tbe 
objects of misery, who were relieved from the deepest affliction 
by its timely application. The leading share ydb took in forming 
tbe plan, which has afforded such permanent benefit to this en- 
laiged and improving establishment, bespeaks the soundness of 
your judgment, while it pourtrays the natural goodness of your 
heart It bas left those impressions of gratitude and respect on 
tbe Society, and upon the mind of your bumble and faithful 
friend, which cannot be described ; and can only be felt by a 
due appreciation of the manifold benefits which tbe Publick de- 
rive firom tbe establishment of the Institution itself. The bappy 
eflects produced on Society by the exemplaiy conduct of a good 
and virtuous man, has been often the subject-matter of your pa- 
-thetic and convincing Discourses. But in no instance, Reve«- 
rend Sir, under tbe grace of God, does the doctrine appear 
more manifestly established, than in tbe general character of the 
ofipring with which you are blessed ; and whose superior excel* 
lence, at the same time that it reflects splendour on themselves, 
«Bstinctly emanates from tbe virtuous example c^ the P^irent. 
And here, sa&r me. Sir, without disparagement to tbe rest of 

• [In p. 324, line 17, read " upwards of half a century."] 
Vol. IX, Q your 

Digitized by 


Md xfnftABT AKBCDcrras [11109* 

April iSy 1759; and at the Parish Church of Mit- 
eham, on Sunday, June 30, 1799, By theRer^ 
Richard Harrison*, Minister of Brompton Chapel^ 
Joint Lecturer of St. Botolph, Bldiopsgate, and St« 

Vfnir fmxAj, w4k> htnre e<fmX ebamB to your 
most sineerely to «ongraluiiit>e you on tin proBMdon of your i 
Doctor Butter to the emment eituatioa he fills j the reward of 
ins %'irtue8 ; of thoee eaity admnoes which your tuition enabledl 
him to make in Ltterature 3 and which can only be surpassed bf 
the modesty of his depoitment, the liberality of his sentiment^ 
and the parity of his Christiaa principles. That you may both, 
with the rest cH your children^ long continue reci{MticaUy to ra^ 
fleet honoor on each other, on your households^ and our com^ 
mon nattfre, is the sincere and earnest wish of, 

" Reverend Sir, your ftJthful Friend, Jkums Nbilo* 

*' If to any o( my present readers the above tribate of esteott 
aippear irrelevant, and unnecessary to the end proposed by d^ 
fmUication of the woiic, it b upon the candour of those readen, 
and of poefterity, who may hereafter deem these sheets desenring 
of their constderation, that I am willing to throw myself : in- 
dulging the hope, that the same rsgara for mankiod which iB^ 
duces them to the perosal of the work, will not be denied to its 
irail Author 3 who fondly imagines, that his humble record of 
an unreserved attadiment which, through all the iriciflBitQdes cf 
human life, has contiwied with unabated Eeal for forty years, 
wiU not be read without some of those emotions of pleasare 
which glow in fais bosom when he recurs to them. J. Nbud.** 

* In mentioning the name of this ammated IVeach^^ it ii 
lmpossR)le to pass over unnoticed that of his excellent Fadier, 
the Rer. Richani Harrison, who will long be reeoUected with 
gratitude by the Men^foers of the Royal Humane Society, as their 
eacrKest Anniversary Preacher ha 1 77^ He was of Christ Churdi^ 
Oxford, where he matriculated whout the year 1754 : when he 
gradiiated, I do not learn. Soon after entering into 1m^ ordeo 
he became I^iecturer of St. Fitter's Comhill, am) Joint Lecturer 
of St. Martin4n-the-Fields. He was also Minister of foompten 
Chsipel, and Alternate Preacher at the Magdalen. In 1789 he was 
prsaented by Lord Chancdlnr Thiirlow to the Redmy of St; Jcto*8^ 
€)erfEanwell,in a manner highly honourable both to thel^itroaani 
die Divine. Ifeppening officially to attend the Chancellor on the 
day when Mr. Alderman Pickett was presented for his hbjfistf*B 
approval 3 in the course of conversation, the ChaneeHor, in his 
plfdn, but emphatic language, said, *' Mr. Harrison, the Rectory 
of St. John's, derkenweU, is vacant 3 and you may hare it, tf 
'you think it worth your acceptance." Mr. Harrison had no pre- 
▼ious aaiuaiatance with Lord Thurlow 5 bat he always consi* 


Digitized by 


^790^^ OF TRB nemsOTH exmvur. 9ifjf 

^ A flarions Address to the Head and Heart of 
every unbiassed Christian. By Thomas Langley-*^ 
B. A. of Snelstpn, Derbyshire* 8vo. 

Mered himself as in a great degree indebted for the presenta^ 
tion to the influence of the late Marchioness of Stafford with tht 
Chancellor ; her Ladyship, without soliciting any particular beno* 
fice, having strongly recommended him to LordThiU'low as highhf 
deserving preferment. His general merits indeed were umver- 
saUy acknowledged 3 and> as a Reader and Preacher^ he stood 
in the foremost ranks of popularity. His dekth> which happened 
Dec.^j 1793, arose from apoplexy, and was awfiilly sudden s 
as on the preceding day he was in perfect health, and haa 
preached an admirable Sermon. He published five single Ser- 
mons 1 1. '^ Preached befnre the Governors of the Magdalei^ 

1768 ;•• 2. " Before the Governors of the Small Pox Hospital^ 

1769 i* 3. " Before the Humane Society, 1776 ;" and Two FVuBt 
Sermons, in 1779 and 1781. 

His son, the present Rev. Richard Harrison^ who inherits 
the talents, the zeal, and the many other good qualities of his 
&ther, was entered at Queen's College, Oifbrd, 17815 where 
be took the degree of B. A. in 1805. He succeeded his i^er as 
Hiivster of Brompton Chapel^ and in the Joint Lectureship of 
St Martin-in-the« Fields ; and has since been chosen Joint Leq- 
tprer of St. Botolph, Bishopsgate. 

* This ingenious young Divine was a native of Buckingham* 
shire^ and a careful collector of the Antiquities of that County, 
of which he gave a veiy good specimen in *' The History aiii 
Antiquities of the Hundi^ of Desborough and Deanry of Wv- 
combe, in Buckinghamshire, 1797»" 4to. He had it also m 
contemplation to continue the Work by some other Hundreds. 
June 17, 1799, he writes to a Friend, ^' 1 am extending mv 
researches into the Himdred of Bumham, which offers mucn 
quore interesting subjects of enquiry. By referring to the Map 
of Buckinghamshire, you will perceive that it includes Amersham, 
Beaconsfield, Bumham, Ch^nyes, &c. The latter, you know^ is 
rich in monumental records of the Bedford fomily. From your 
store of Antiauarian knowledge, 1 flatter myself you will do me 
Ibe fevour 01 communicating some hints as to this Himdred. 
Finding that my former Work met not with a ready sale, from a 
want of Plates, I am anxious to supply that deficiency in this Ql 
I have encouragement to publish it) ; and I shall be veiy thanknil 
br your information as to drawings and plates relative to this 
part of Buckinghamshire ; particularly whether you liave draw- 
ing of the Monuments at Chenyes. I have hopes that the Duke 
^Bedford will pay some attention to his Ancestors. Having 
lived totally in the country ever since the publication of the 
History of Desborough, I am quite ignorant of the reception of 
the Wofk among Antiquaries, and whether any other Gentleman 

O^ IS 




An *^ Appeal to the Publick V in Behalf of the 

is collecting for this County. I have no ambition to re-oommenee 
Author ', and am in too obscure a situation to afibrd any great 
expence. My zeal for my native County urges me to a study 
which is very congenial to my incliuations ; but^ being deficient 
In so maiSy respects, I shaU be particularly obliged for your 
counsel and advice as to proceeding in the task."* In February 
iSOO, he had completed a Poem of some length, on a religious 
subject^ which he did not find himself bold enough to print ; but; 
he communicated to a friend the following ideas for two engra* 
'vings for It. — '' One, of the good Shepherd, standing by the side 
of a pure stream of water, in the midst of a conceived Paradise, 
with an emblem of the Tree of Life in one hand, and the other 
extended towards a flock of sheep, driven by a storm, scattered 
upon the sides of a rugged mountain, surrounded with deep 
gulphs, and the figure of an hideous monster therein, menacing 
their ruin, placed opposite to ' The good, the blessed, blessing 
Shepherd comes 3* and another Engraving of the City of Jem* 
'salem lying in ruins, with a female form, expressive of faDea 
and widowed Majesty, clothed in a black robe, in a pensive at- 
titude, casting dust upon her head with one hand, the other 
extended towards the ruins, &c. 3 and her crown taken away by 
a flaming Angel with a sword in his hand streaming in blood, 
placed opposite to 'Jemsalem, poor, poor Jerusalem.* Were 
it not for the e3^)ence, I cannot but suppose they would be 
highly picturesque." In that year he was presented to the Rec- 
tory of Whiston, in Northamptonshire, vacant by the death of 
Mr. George Selwyn ; but he enjoyed that preferment only a few 
^months ; dying at Marlow, July 97> 1S04, at the early age of 32. 
* " The authenticity of the following Narrative, in all its 
particulars, may be absolutely relied on by those who may be 
disposed to honour it with their compassionate attention : — 
A Gentleman of character, whose literary productions are not 
altogether unknown to the Publick, has for some tim^ laboured 
under the pressure of very severe and complicated distress. His 
income, which has scarcely ever exceeded ninety-pounds per 
annum, has been altc^ther unequal to the support of a very 
numerous family of children ; ten of whom, the survivors of 
twenty-one, bom in wedlock, are (with the exception of the 
eldest daughter) destitute of all means of support, save only the 
sum already mentioned, and the produce of some works of 
; ingenuity^ undertaken for the benefit of their parents, in wbidi 
^ several of them, from their tender age, are as yet unqualified 
^to join. The eldest son has been a cripple from his infiauicy. 
The father has for some time been afilicted with the disorder 
knovm among medical persons by the name of Angina Pectoris', 
which is too generally known to terminate fatally, after a perioS 
of severe and protracted sufferings. In the month of April last, 
he was compelled to quit his UtUe home^ and had to sustain a 


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distressed Family of Mr. William Hayes *, an inse* 
nious Artist ; by the Rev. George Henry Glasse-f .^ 

beavj expence, and many grievous difficulties, before he could 
procure a situation for his family. At length he (bund a small 
cottage, where, within the last three weeks, six of the children 
hare been attacked by a malignant fever : while their unhappy 
mother was totally incapacitated from administering to their re» 
Hef, in consequence of a dreadful accident, which unfortunately 
haj^ned a few days befbre the children wore taken ill, and 
wUch totally deprived her of the use of her limbs. The object 
of this Address is not merely to provide immediate assbtance for 
this distressed family, but to obtain a small fund for the purpose 
of apprenticing some of the children, extricating the fiather of 
the rainily from the hands of a severe and threatening creditor, 
and making (if possible) a little provision for hb wife, in case of 
her surviving him, as the whole of his scanty income terminates 
with his life. It is proper to mention, that this Address to the 
feelings of a generous nation, in behalf of stifiering worth, wais 
made without the privity of the parties themselves. G.H.Glassb'.*' 

* Author of ** Portraits of rare and curious Birds, with their 
Descriptions, from the Managerie at Osterley Park, in the County 
of Middlesex, 42 eokmred Plates, 1794,** 4to. 

t From a correspondence of more than 20 years I shall give a 
specimen of the energetic warmth of Mr. Glasse's friendslup: 
*'SiK, HanweU Rectory, June 7, 1791. 

** It is impossible for any man to entertain a greater respect 
for your literary character, than the person who now addresses 
you — ^who has often been so fortunate, under different signa- 
tures, as to find his way into your valuable Miscellany. I now 
take the liberty of offering you my services as corrector of your 
press for any quantity of Greek you may incidentally have occa- 
sion to publish. As the Translator of Milton*s Samson Age- 
nistes into that language, I am perhaps not unequal to the task. 
*' I am. Sir, yours, &c, &c. George Henry Glassb." 
<' Sir, HanvoeU Rectory, Jan. 19, 179:^ 

*' I have no words to express my sense of your goodness to 
me. I am grieved to think you should imagine your silence on 
a Ibnner occasion called for any apology. I ought rather to 
apologise for taking up a moment of that time which is dtfvoMd 
to the best and most patriotic of purposes. I have for many 
years, under various forms, availed myself of the indulgence 
afibrded by your publication to Authors either not desirous or 
not deserving to be known. You may depend on my embracing, 
with a thousand thanks, the obliging offer you make me of pil- 
ing my personal respects to you ; in the mean time I beg you to 
believe me, with the most perfect ccmsideration. Sir, your truly 
obliiced and obediait servant^ G. H. GLxsss^r 

^ ** My 

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j^ LtTERARt AKtODOtBt D799. 

**lteflectioii8 on the Cnldty of kidc^ing Com- 
iiion Fields, particularly as it aflfects the Church atid 
Poor ; in a Letter to the Lord Bishop of Lincoln, 
hy a Clerg3m[ian of that Diocese/' 8vo. 

/'A Catalogue and detailed Account of a very- 
valuable and curious Collection of ManuscriptB, 
collected in Hindostan, by Samuel Guise*, £«q* 
late Head Surgeon to the General Hospital at Surat : 
including all those that were procured by Monsieur 
Anquetil Du Perron, relative to the Religion and 

'^I>BAmSia> HanwHl Rectory, Aprm% 1799^ 

^' I send you the leaf corrected, with my grateful thanks for 
the mtrcmi^ you have a£brded me. I cannot bring myself to 
think that our conoenon is to end here. I msst indulge tke 
liope of receiving you at my cottage (eight miles from town), 
and shewing you our church-yard, whe^ perhaps, you may 
find an epitaph or two for some Aiture Misedlaay. Notfaiog 
ivill make me more happy than to receive «nder nxf ixMf a Gen- 
tleman to whose eacertioas not only the literary world, but the 
b^interestsof mankind, are TerymatieriaUy indebted. I ha:ve 
tbib honour to be. Sir, your much obliged, &a G. H. GtiLssa.** 
" My Dear Sir, Dec 4, 1799. 

^ J^rlAotitaiid of our Pictures wfll take another year t* We 
most, ther^OTe, content our^lves with an ackaowledgemeat 
for this Sim)lemeiit 5 and the prints (which witt be cKqnisite) 
shall be ready as soon as poMible. The copper-plate shall then 
be presented to you } and if you want more impressions in lu- 
tmw, it will be eaey to get more struck ofiP and oolkomredL This 
will be a very inadequate trUiote to your unparalleled goadness. 
Aletler shaU be addressed, in ^/otir luymet [of IVustees], to the 
literaiy Fundf^ and to the Dean and Chapter of Canterbury t« 
'^ Your tvet obliged, &c. G. H. Glassb.** 

'' Dbab Sia» HamoeU Rtctor^, April 22, 1807. 

'' Permit me to retpicat yoin* kind and cffioMcioiis interest with 
my gtxxi inend Mr. Sylvanus Urban, to recommend to the par- 
tienuur attention of his Reviewer the inclosed performanoe, 
than which, in my po<Mr opinion, nothing can be more admir- 
iMy calculated to do good. Yoois most fieathfully, G. H. Gi^ssx.*' 

« Nei^ew to ^r William Guise, Bart, and to the second Lady 
nf the Honourable and Right ReverendJDr. Shute Barrington, 
liocd Bishop of Durham. He was for some years emj^oyed as 

t A Qoloiired Print, by Mr. Hayes, was at that thne intended to have 
hsen fifen la the Magasine ; but the Uea wm amrwanU wtHntfaUtML 
t Who had aant veiy liberal Sabtcriptioos. 


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l800.} OF THS SI^BTBEKra CBKBURT. Jif 1 

HistDiy of the Parsis, and manj which he coii)d 
not procure. •• 
^^ InscripticHis for a Votive Um at Amweli * in 

tSofgeon in the aervioe of the HonouraUe East India Com- 
pftDj; in which capacity he had the opportunity of forming this 
CoOectioQ of Oriental MSS. from the year 1778 till the yeur 1759> 
with great trouUe and expence. In any country where the Art 
of raiiting has not heen introduced, books wiH be QMihiptied 
ilovly } aid* ihcxt being no Bookaellerss or particular sciibet* 
at Sunt, the oppOTtunities to purchase manuscripts^ oC uty 
Uad, nietf occur; and they are always sold very dear. 

* " In the grillage of Great Amweli, a mile and a half South 
&atof Ware, the New River flows below the steep slope or baJnk 
of Amwell Hill, and forms an ample pool or piece of water; in 
wfaufa, there is an Islet, of an eku^tcd ftmn, having the stream 
^idii^ on eadi side of it. In this retired situation, secluded 
ran hi^ways and the more busy scenes of men, some psins 
Ittve hm tskesi to reduce this spot into fonn, with neat and 
piun sim|dici^. On the smooth and verdant Ue, a larg^ we^ 
iag-willow droops its mdanchdy boughs, in the water, at each 
eadj and a spirinr poplar waves in the middle its kl^ hea4 
•ni ^vers in the broaze* Near the latter, a sombre tbiekeiof 
cwq^eeas, cypress, cedsjs, yews, and moumAil shrubs, §otp$ 
a ^Mt, and covers aswelling Tumulus* On that is placed a 
Mononental Pedestal of solid Portland, to the virtues of a man, 
on whnn too mudi praise cannot be bestowed. Pieturas by 
Onmdius Janasen, and Prints by Vertoe, a'e the only mortis 
nents which the Arts have dedicated to ae much \meM talent 
A Votive Um is erected on the Pedeatal ; and the following lo- 
icrqptioos are engraved on the four sides of it : 

SSUTB, TO AmWBLL SPfttNO. WeST, TO Ghadwbll. 

Saered U ike Msm&ry &f F^ram the 9f>rimg of C kai mn, 

Skr Huon Mtdslton, Bart, Tw wtiies fi^ut ; 

fFh$9t tmecmfiU caret AiUfrmm ihu S<mr€e ^Ammtllt 

JfikUdk^thipatrmutgetfhuKmg, The Aqiuedmci meanders 

et m tjfed thii Stream to London. for the tpaee of xl MtU$ : 

An imm&rtal Work I conveying 

ilmee Men eannei mere nearly Healih, Phasnre, and Cft we n i e n ee, 

indtrnte tha DaUy to the Metrofolm ^ 

nm^heHewmghmUk, GrmU Mriiam, 


M. 8. Thii humhU TVHaie 

Hooomi. BfrnsLTON. BamneiiL to iU 

Std, aquae. kaeee./eHeiter. Genku^Talents^ifekvation^ARndf 

AdtfiranU./auore, Reginh fFkkh cencemed and execxded 

in wrhew^ perdaeendas, curavU thi$ important Jquadu^t 

Opm, Immortale, is dedicated by 

Bmmm. enim, ad, Dee$, Robert Mylhb, 

ATiilte. fifcjiryim. mtt^amtt jfrchUaet^Emgimaer^ Spe, 

Qfum Mitem. ianit, A. O. Moocc^ 


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Hertfordshire. By Robert Mylne», Esq. F. R.S- 

^ From the whole of this and the surrounding sylvan scene^ & 
mild and pleasing serenity steals on the mind, and soothes the 
senses with the efifect of univei-sal benevolence; caught, as iC- 
were, from the genius of the work. The hum of cottagers, of 
small farmers, their children, flocks, and cattle, are the only 
sounds which break the silence of the place. Inland ( <>mnierce 
60m the Port of London passes under the eye to Hertford, 
through the expansive meads of the Lea. Emma, a holy and 
sainted maid, gave name to the limpid spring, before its waters 
were, by this work, embraced and joined with those of ChadwelL 

" The Temple of God. the parish-church, with its stately Go- 
thick tower, presides, high and lofty, over all ; bestowing (as it 
were) a blessing on the extensive purposes for which this noble, 
unexampled, yet unaffected Aquseduct, was created. R. Mylnb.** 

* This distinguished Architect was bom in Edinbui^h, Jan. 4, 
17S3-4. His father, Thomas Mylne, was an Architect at Edin- 
burgh, and a Magistrate of that City ; and it is known that 
his family had been Master Masons to the Kings of Scotkind for 
many generations, till the union of the crowns. Robert Mylne 
trityelled early in life, for improvement in his hereditary science, 
and resided several years in Italy (five of them at Rome), where 
he obtained prizes, and other distinctions, and became a member 
of the academies of Rome, Florence, and Bologna. He visited 
Naples, and viewed the interior of Sicily, never, either before or 
since, escamined with the same accuracy. Viewing the remains 
of Antiquity with the eye of an Architect, he was enabled to 
explain several very obscure passages of Vitruvius from what he 
saw in Sicily. His curious memorials of that tour, with sketches 
and illustrations, he was busily employed in digesting for pub- 
lication in 1774 (see vol. VII 1. p. 610): they are still extant^ 
among his manuscripts in possession of his son, and will, 
probably, at some future time, be given to the Publick. 
I&ving made a very complete tour of Europe, going by France, 
and returning by Switzerland and Holland, he foimd himself in 
London at the time when proposals were to be offered for a 
' Bridge at Black-Friars. His proposals being accepted, the first 
stone w^is laid in 1761, and tlie Bridge was completed in 1765, 
for the very sum specified in his estimate, namely 153,000/. He 
presented, some time after, to the British Museum, a model of a 
part of the Bridge, exhibiting a plan for a centre frame, invented 
by himself, and never yet improved upon. It is still to be seen 
in that national repository. With Dr. Johnson he had some 
paper war^ on the proposed form of the Arches, after which they 
Jbecame very intimate friends. In 1769 he was appointed Engi- 
neer tp the New River Company, and in 1767 was chosen a Fellow 
of the Royal Society. By the Dean and Chapter of St VwHX he 
was entrusted with the care and preservation of that ftbrick, 
where, by his suggestion, the noUe Inscription to the honour of 

Digitized by 


Digitized by 


Bom in- 2733-4; clzed^ in IdlL 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


" The Charge of Samuel [HorsleyJ Lord Bishop 
irfRochesUff, to the Clei^y of his Diocese, delivers 
at his second General Visitation, rn the Year l8oo. 
Published at the Request of Aie Clergy.** 

*^ A Sermon, preached at Dartfopd,:at the Visi- 
tation of the Bight Reverend the Lord Bishop of 
Rochester, on Tuesday Sept. 36, 1 800. By George 
Robson*, M. A. Rector of Snodland in Kent, ana 
Domestic Chaplain to the Lord Bishop of Rodi^er. 
Published by his LordshipV Command. '.*^ 

" iFwelve Sefmoiis, on the Advantages which re-, 
wit from Christianity; and on the Influence of 
Ci^istian Principles on the Mind and Conduct 4 
" chiefly for the use of Families. To which 
Ided^ Philanthropic Tracts : consisting of, L 
on the.iState of the Poor, and on the 

tO^httWrm, efidtng '^ Si monufnentum requiras circum* 
i ]^»/»d^i>j^r , the entrance of the Choir. Mr. Mylne 
79tlryear, May 5, 18U, at the New River Uead« 
t redded -as J^ogineer to the Company -, and by his own 
t^^Hn^ bt^uKedmSt; PvuXs Cathedral^ near the tomb of his 
I .ppedecessoir: ; i and lus fiineral was attended by a sel^ 
Fiiepd3>. and Artists. Mr. My Ine married in 
F H9fn»,.AH3tster.of Mrs, John Hunter, so distinguished 
t:ppeti0^d^geml;tt/and of Mr. Home, Surgeon, the sue- 
>i^ jii tnost ikiints of eminence the rival, of John Hunter], 
hi9 bt^lliler^in^)aH^ % this marriage he liad mne children, of 
idMfflGrpiM^ one son, his successor as Engineer to the New River 
€ampat»^jind.£aur daughters, nmv survive. Mr. Myhie had 
ppcnliantjei jg hb chsuracterj l^t they were chiefly connected 
with a hi^h .independence of: spirit, and an inflexible sense of 
•doty and justice. He loved his profession, but not the. eiQQlu- 
nuntB of it, and therefore, after all his chstinguished employ- 
mtotB, did not die rich. Those who knew him could not fail to 
-reipect his integrity, and adnuie hi3 talents.-r-WhiJst be was at 
Ro^ In 17fi7> a gOod portrait of him was painted by Brompton, 
.^n4ildi was engraved at Paris by Vangeliste in 17B3, inscribed^ 
^-Rc^rt Myljoe, Architect, Engineer, Surveyor, setat. xxiv. 
vK K^ S. ',** ami acf^y of it is he^-e annexed. 

* Only surviving son of James Robson, Esq. the very emi- 
nent Bookseller (noticed in vol. V. p. 323) ; between whom and 
Bishop Honley there was for many years the most intimate 
friendship. — Mr. Geoige Robson was of Queen*s College, Ox- 
ford; M.A. 179.. 3 ^, under the auspices of Bp. Horsley^ 
keaauB sooii possdoed of some valuable chiux^h prefiarments. 


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Metns of improving it by Parochial Schools^ 
Friendly Societies, &c; 11. Rules for Forming ami 
Ccmducting Friendly Societies, to facilitate tYmt 
general Establishment By Jiunes Cowe, M. A* 
Vicar of Sunbury, Middlesex. The Second Edi- 
tion, revised and enlarged.** 

** The History and Antiquities of Leicester. Vd. 
III. Part I. containing East-Goscote Hundred *."* 

" The Works of the Rev. Jonathan Swift, D. D. 
Dean of St. Patrick's, Dublin. Arranged by Tho- 
mas Sheridan, A. M. With Notes historical and 
critical. A new Edition, in Nineteen Volumes-f';^ 
corrected and revised by John Nichols, F. S. A.'' 

* '' The high degree of merit displayed in the two former 
Volumes of this valuable Work^ received our fullest testimony at 
the time of their appearance. We now congratulate the reider 
on the publication of Vol., III. Part I. which he will find in no 
respect inferior to the former, either in the diligence^ aoeuracy, 
or judgment displayed by the Author, or in the value, importanoe^ 
and curious selection of his interesting materials. In one r ca pact 
this volume has an advantage over the preceding j for ifar. 
Nichols has been fortunate enough to recover the long-lott ifo- 
lume of Burton's History of Leicestershire, which bad been 
" copiously interleaved and enlarged with various maiginal iiofee% 
^. for a second edition, by the Author, as appears by Ida wri- 
ting in the title-page, and a long second Prefece, dated lindley^ 
1641, near 20 years after the first** Brit.CriLXyLUS. 

t '' This Edition of the Works of the immortal Drapier b 
dedicated to the Earl of Moira, ' than whom the United Boaaft- 
nions contain not a truer Patriot ; who could distinguish himsdf 
no less by his pen than by his sword and his eloquence ;** aad is 
thus modestly introduced : " In presenting to the Publick a mtm 
Edition of the Works of so well known and popular a Writer as 
Dr. Swift, it would be equally unjust and invidious to withhold 
the preliminary observations of men high in esteem for eriticsl 
sagacity, who, on former occasions, have not disdained to mn 
dcTtake the office of ushering the Dean's writings into the world. 
These, therefore, will be found, c(^lected into one point of view, 
at the beginning of the second Volume.r-^From a large acciinm- 
lation of usefol materials (to which the present Editor bad con- 
tributed no inconsiderable «bare, and to which, in 1779> he an- 
nexed a copious Index to the D^*s Wodcs, and a chnmolognl 
list of the epistolary correspondence) a regular edition, in aeven- 
teen volumes, was, in 1784, compiled by the late Mr. SheridaB ; 
wlio prefixed an exodlent life of the Ikon, which no man was 
better qualifiedthan himself to undertake. Notwi^bine^totm- 

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, ^ The Antiquaries Museum *. By Jacob Schnefak 
hthe.^ 4to. With beautiful PlatesI 

" The British Oak, a Poem, dedicated to Ho- 
ratio Lord Nelson, in fateful Remembrance of his 
Lordship's signal Victory near the Mouth of the 
Nilef ••' [By John Holliday, Esq.] 

" Considerations on Milton's early Reading, and 
the Prima Stamina of his " Paradise Lost;}; f* toge- 

bk tbe Publick with any more last words of Dr. Swift, the Editor 
coateated himself with writing in the margin of his own books 
fittch particulars as oocurred relative either to the Dean or to his 
writings ; a circnmstance which now enables him to supplyise- 
▼eral matters which liad escaped Mr. Sberidan*s obscnation, and 
to elucidate some passages which were left unexplained. Careful, 
however^ not to interfere with the general arrangement of the 
last Edition, what has been done to the seventeen volumes^ though 
attended with no small labour, it is useless to the general Reader 
to point out. To the critical collator, it would be superfluous. 
For the principal part of tbe contents of the eighteenth and nine- 
teenth volumes the Editor is alone responsible. The authority on 
which the Miscellaneous Tracts are adopted is in general given ; 
and the articles in the Epistolary Correspondence sufficiently 
4peak for themselves, and need no apology. Some of these are 
aow ficst pilxited ^m the originals $ and " Letters written by 
wise men,** says an experienced writer, *' are, of all the woiiu 
4tfioeB, in my judgment, the best.** G. M, LXXL 1109. 

* " We congratulate the admirers of genuine and unafifected 
merit on the completion (however late) of a work which will 
peipetuate the £air fame ^ one of tbe aUest Di*aughtsmeu of this 
English School ; and, whilst we sqiplaud the warm attachment 
iwiudi has prompted a surviving friend, at no inconsiderable 
cspence, to bring forward so v£uuable a Work, it is i^ith eqiial 
I^easure we can add that the subjects are worthy of so disinter- 
ested a patronage.** Gent, Mag. LXXL 45. 

t Suggested by a noble and ancient specimen on his own exten* 
ttve estates in Staffordshire, where The second branch or divi- 
sion of this Poem records the marriage of the first Duke of New- 
^aaQe with the sole daughter and heir of William Basset, of 
ffiore, Esq. whose ancestors were for several centuries Lords of 
the Manors of Cheadle and Cheadle park, as appears in the fiill 
Bedigiee of that fiunily in vol. II. p. 16, of the History of Staf- 
fordshire. This manor, where the above celebrated tree gtows, 
iw» in 1767 the property of Anselm Beaumont, of London, Esq. 
ittd afterwards of Sir Joseph Banks^ who sokl it to Mr. Holliday ; 
he having before obtained the adjacent seat of Dilhorn Hall. 

t " £v6ry illustration of Milton will be acceptable to admirere 
<»f poetic fancy. Ferhqps few have been more happy in illus* 


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tberwith Extracts from a Poet of the Sixteenth 
Century. In a Letter to William Falconer, M. D. 
from Charles Dunster*, M. A. 

*• An Historical Account of Beaucbief Abbey, 
in the County of Derby, from its first Foundation 
to its final Dissolution. Wherein the Three foUow- 

trating bim than the Critick before us, who, having relieved the 
melancholy of habitual indisposition, comparing him with a 
contemporary writer, pays his friend and physician the compli- 
ment of his investigation." Gent, Mag. LXX. 657. 

* Of Trinity College, Oxford 5 B. A. 1771 ] M. A. 1776 ; Rector 
of Oddingley, and of Naunton Beauchamp, both in Worcestershire, 
1776; and of Petworth, Sussex, 17^3. In 1785 this respectable 
gentleman distingubhed himself as an elegant Scholai'and an in* 
genious Poet, by a Translation of " ITie Frogs,*' a Comedy, from 
the Greek of Aristophanes, 4 to. In 1791 he publbhed an 
Edition of Philips's <^ Cyder," with some valuable notes ; m 
1795 an excellent Edition of '* Paradise Regained,*' with Notes; 
and in 1800 the above-mentioned " Considerations on Milton's 
early Reading/* In his editorial capacity Mr. Dunster unites a 
due portion of critical accuracy, extensive learning, el€^;ance of 
taste, a libernl cast of mind, and a dbposition favourable to the 
cause of Religion and Virtue. In the more immediate line of 
hb profession, he has publbhed *' A Letter to the Right Reverend 
the Bbhop of London, hmnbly suggesting a further C onsideration 
of a P&ssage in the Gospel of St. Matthew, 1801, ** 8vo. " Dis- 
cursory Considerations on St Luke*s Prefece and other Circuni- 
stances of his Gospel ; in Three Letters to a Friend from a 
Country Clergyman, 1805,** 8vo. '^Discursory Observations on 
the supposed Evidence of the early Fathers, that St. Matthew*s 
Gospel was the first written ; by a Country Clergyman, 1806,*' 
8vo. ** A Letter to Granville Sharp, Esq. respecting his Re- 
marks on the Two last Petitions of the Lord's Prayer, from a 
Country Clergyman, 1807/* VZvao, "A Letter to a Noble Duke, on 
the incontrovertible Truth of Christianity. The Second Edition, 
GtHTected ; to which b now added, a Postscript, 1808,** 8vo. 
*' Discursory Considerations on the Hypothesb of Dr. Mac^night 
and otliers, that St. Luke's Gospel was the first written, 1808,*' 
8vo. " Points at Issue, between the Editor of Dr. Townson's 
Works and the Author of Dbcursory Considerations on the Hy- 
pothesb that St. Luke*s Gospel was the first written ; discursorily 
canvassed, in Two Letters to the Rev. Ralph Churton, Archdea- 
con of St. David's, from a Country Clergyman, 181 1,*' 8vo. 
''Considerations on the Holy Sacrament, 1811," l^mo. *' A 
Synopsb of the Three First Gospeb ; including the Four last 
Chapters of St. John*s Gospel, 1812,** 8vo. " Psalms and Hymns, 
selected and adapted, for the Use of a Parochial Church ; by a 
Country Qei]gyman^ 1812,** 12mo. 


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ing material Points, in opposition to vulgar Preju- 
dices and Opinions, are clearly established: 1st, 
That this Aboey did not take its Name from the 
Head of Archbishop Becket, though it was dedi- 
cated to him : 2d, that the Founder of it had no 
Hand in the Murder of that Prelate ; and, conse- 
quently, that the House was not erected in Expia- 
tion of that Crime ; 3d, the Dependance of this 
House on that of Welbeck, in the County of Not- 
tingham ; a Matter hitherto unknown*. By the 
late Rev. Samuel Pegge, LL: D. F. A. S.*' 

^' A Comment upon part of the Fifth Journey of 
Antoninus through Britain ; in which the Situation 
of DurocobrivcBy the Seventh Station there men- 
tioned, is discussed ; and Castor, in Northampton- 
shire, is shewn, from the various Remains of Roman 
Antiquity, to have an undoubted Claim to that Si- 
tuation. To which is added, a Dissertation on an 
Image of Jupiter found there. By the Rev. Ken- 
net Gibson, latp Curate of Castor. Printed from 
the Original MSS ; and enlarged with the Parochial 
History of Castor and its Dependencies to the pre- 
sent Time. To which is subjoined, an Account of 
Marliam, and several other Places in the Neigh- 
bourhood -f-,*' 4to. 

^ *' This last mark of friendship, presented by the venerable 
Antiquary of Whittington to his and our Printer, is here ofiered 
to the Publick with every improvement it was capable of from 
the revisal and correction of hb Son, whose pursuits were can« 
genial with his Father's -, and plates from drawings procured at 
the Editor's expence. All these circumstances united will, 'we 
doabt not, recommend this local work to the lovers of our nati- 
onal antiquities." Gent. Mag. LXXL 1023. 

t *' Kennet Gibson, Clerk, B. A. formerly of Christ's College, 
Cambridge, Rector of Marham, and Curate of Castor in the 
County of Northampton, proposed to print by subscription, for 
one guinea, ' A Comment upon Piirt of the Fifth Journey of 
Antoninus through Britain : in which a particular inquiry is 
made after the true situation of Durohrivi^, the Seventh Station 
there mentioned. In this Work it will be attempted to prove, 
against the objections of some late Writers upon British Anti- 
quitiesy that Castor in Northamptonshire has an indubitable 
claim to the Station in question. The remains of Roman camps, 


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^' Brief State of the R<^1 Humane Society f m 
delivered by Mr. Beaumont*, their Registrar^ for 

military ways, tesselated pavements, sepulchral and other naxh 
local deities, aquaeducts, the antient navigable Roman cut called 
Caer-dike^ coins, and several other Roman antiquities, are con- 
sidered in an historical view ; the whole tending to illustrate 
the parochial antiquities of Castor, and the adjacent parts in the 
liberty of Peterborough, and some other places in the County 
of Northampton/ The Proposals for the above work were dated 
Castor, July 3, 1769 *, but Mr. Gibson^s death interrupted the 
design. He died in ]77^» and the MS. remained several yeam 
in obscurity, till, in the year 1795, it was ofiered to the Editor 
by the then proprietor of it, the Rev. Daniel Bayley, Fellow 
of St. John's College, Cambridge f. Several articles from Bishop 
Kennett*8 Library, rendered valuable by bis MS notes, fell into 
Mr. Bayley*s hands by consanguinitv, Yus mother being grand- 
daughter to the Bishop 3 and have been ahnost ever since in the 
press, receiving from time to time, considerable additions fhnn 
a general view and information of a friend [Mr. Gough] who vi- 
sited the spot, which will not be unworthy of puUic regard* 
These are, some accounts of the parish of Castor, with its depend* 
encies, in the modem state, including the subsisting mansion- 
house of the Fitz-William family at Milton, and the dilapidated 
one of the Dove fEunily at Upton. The former of these mmdli«s 
make a distinguished figure in the history both of England and 
Ireland 3 and we have been enabled to present our readers with 
a specimen of their housekeeping for seven years in the b^iniung 
of the 17th century, a description of their monuments, and a 
portrait of an unknown and hitherto unnoticed painter, wfao» 
though his coat of arms do not rank him among them, probabltjr 
drew many of their portraits as a friend and independent artist, 
and enrolled himsdf among them. As connected mth the same 
County of Northampton, are added an account of the goods, &c. 
of the Priory of St. Andrew, in the town of Northampton, «t 
the dissolution, and of a Roman tesselated pavement discoverod 
at Cotterstock 1798, where others had been found 60 jean 
before." .EdUor's Jdverliset^ent, 

* This Tenerable and worthy man, a descendant firom th^t 
antient and respectable family the Beaumonts of Whitley in 

t B. A. there 1785 ; M. A. 1788 ; S.T. B. 1795 ; Senior Dean of the 
Collei^, 1804 ; in whiHi year ke wii presented to the Vican(|e of MiP 
dkifflejr In CambridKesbire, on the reti|riiatu>n of lia|;s^t. Mr. Baykj 
died Auguit 13, 1805, aged 43. His mc»ther was the eldest daughter 
of Bishop Kennett, and died a few years ago, leaving this ton attd 
two dau^ters survMng; an elder daughter, PrisciHa, dying before her. 
Mrs. Bayley was poMesied of several hooks with the Bishop's MS noCot y 
and, amongst ethers, a copy, aioch imprcMred, of Bishop Keonetf s 
Funeral Sermon on Willtaui |)uke of Devonshire, 1707> with Memoirs of 
the Cavendish Family ; which was afterwards the property of the Rev. 
Henry Freeman, M. A. Precentor of Peterborough ; who, in 1797 (Me 
p. 20G), permitted me to preaent a new edition t9 ^le pubUek* 


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tbe Anniversary^ for the year 180O ; when the usual 

Yoffksfau^ was bred to the profession of bis fether, an eminent 
Apothecaiy in Henrietta-street, Covent Garden (where he was 
Irom Sept 12, 1733), and commenced business in 1758, in Vil- 
fiers Street in the Strand. In 1774, Mr. Beaumont was one of 
the first Members who associated with Dr. Hawes and Dr. Cogai^ 
in tbe formation of the Humane Society. The former (Dr. 
Hawes) is gone to inherit the reward of a life most disinterestedly 
and assiduously devoted to the preservation of the lives of hk 
fellow-creatures ; while the latter (Dr. Gogan) survives, an ho* 
nour to his country, and highly entitled to our warmest respectj 
not only as the joint Founder of the Royal Humane Society, but 
for bis brilliant mental aocomplbhments. Mr. Beamnont ac- 
cepted the important but gratuitous office of a Medical Assist- 
ant 3 and shortly afterward was twice honourably gratified, by 
h&ng presented with the Medal of the Society, for two remark* 
sible cases of accident in the River Thames, near Hunfi;erford- 
staiiSi in which the lives of two valuable members of society 
were happily restored. The particulars of both these cases ar6 
vtery folly and correctly stated in the Annual Report of the Hu* 
mane Society for 1776. Mr. Beaumont, subsequently, attended 
more than 400 cases, either alone or with other Medical Assist- 
ants, carefolly employing the usual means for recovery, and 
generally with success. These great exertions were the more 
nraise-worthyj as, in the infancy of the Humane Society, the 
Mdre attempt at resuscitation was encountered both with ridicule 
and opposition. ** Our first object and chief difficulty,** says his 
late ooM^y^^oi* ^r. Hawes, *' were to remove the destructive in- 
ereduKty which prevailed. Our attempts were treated, not only 
by tbe vulgar, but by some of the learned, even by men of emi- 
nence as Physicians and Philosophers, as idle and visionary, and 
placed upon a level with profSessing to i^se tbe dead. Such pre- 
judices were first to be removed by incontestiblc facts of our own. 
Happily, the animated exertions of a f^w individu&ls enabled us 
to produce them.** — In 1794, Mr. Bcamont was appointed 
Reg^rar and Secretary of the Royal Humane Society, in the 
room of Dr. Hawes, who was chosen Treasurer ; and after the 
death of that lamented friend, in 1808, paid the rewards adjudged 
by the Managers to the several claimants who had been active 
and usefol in the preservation of life. — In ld09> it may be added, 
Mr. Beaumont was elected a Member of the Society for the En- 
couragement of Arts, Manu&ctures, and Commerce ; and was 
an useful attendant at their public meetings and Committees ; 
as be was also on the Committee of the Society for the Relief of 
Widows and Orphans of Medical men. — Modestand unassuming 
in hb genera] habits of life, Mr. Beaumont never was ambitious 
or anxious to become a popular character. Being of a domestic 
tuni, he confined himself to the pcactice of his profession; which 
hepursued, for the very long period of 56 years, with the strict- 

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Sermon was preached (but not published) by Dr* 
John Buckner*, Lord Bishop of Chichester. 

*' Poems for the Anniversary of the Literary 
Fund-f, Aprir24, 180O; by Henry-James Pyef, 
Esq. Wilham Boscawen^, Esq. and Wilham- 
Thomas Fitz-Gerald||, Esq." 8vo. 

A Second Edition, with considerable Additions, 
of Dr. Moseley's " Treatise on Sugar, with miscel- 
laneous Medical Observations.'* 

est punctuality and integrity ; and which enabled him to bring 
up a large family, with comfort to himself, and the approbatioa 
of his relatives and friends ; by a large circle of whom, as he 
lived respected, so has he died lamented : but they have the con- 
solation to reflect, that, he has " come to his grave in a full age, 
like as a shock of corn cometh in, in his season.** He died Nov. 
8, 1814, in his 82d year. — A good Portrait of him is prefixed 
to the '' Annual Report of the Royal Humane Society, 1813.'* 

* Brother to the late Admiral Buckner. This eminent and 
very learned Prelatt* was educated at the Charter-house School, 
on the foundation, and elected to CJare Hall, Cambridge} B.A. 
1755; M.A. 1T65; D. D. 17.. 5 Rector of St. GUes-in-tbe- 
fields in 1788 ; Archdeacon of Chichester 1792 ; and raised 
to the Bishoprick of that see in 1797. 

t This valuable Institution, established in 1790 through 
the suggestions of Mr. David Williams and a very small 
circle of intimate friends, has now attained a high degree 
of reputation, under the patrona^ of his Royal Highness 
the Prince Regent, who most graciously bestowed upon it 
** a local habitation.** Its funds, and consequent sphere of 
utility, have been considerably augmented ; and ages to come 
will bless the memory of the original Founders. See *' Tht 
Claims of Literature ; the Origin, Motives, Objects, and 
Transactions of the Society for the Establishment of a Literal^ 
Fund, 1804,** compiled by Mr. Williams and Mr. Boscawen. 

X Of this kind-hearted and highly-respected gentleman, who 
died Aug. 11, 1813, some account will be given hereafter. 

§ A Commissioner of the Victualing-oflice, and well known 
by his Translation of Horace. A Poem of his was recited at the 
Literary Fund, May 6, 1811 ; and he died on the 13th, in his 
48th year. He was a gentleman of the most amiable dispositicm 5 
and his death was a public loss. 

II This animated Bard may be justly styled the Poet-Laureat 
of the Literary Fund. For eighteen years successively he has 
entertained the members of the Society, and greatly benefited 
their funds, by his TyrtsKm strains. 


Laus Deo. 

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Tho I l.oiLorable and Reverend 

ulc^haro Trevor, 





PuhlCfhml hy ITutuiU Ir C.Mfrrh 

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Sketch of the Life and Character 6f the Hlgft^ 
Honourable und Revereml fttCi^Aiit) TREVdk*', 
Lord Bistio]} of Durha [!)')»'. By th^ late GnonM 
AtLAN, Esq. f\S.A4 

RrciiARD Trevor, Lord Bishop of Durfann,*. wa4 
4et4:cnded hom an ancient and priadp^ faimty iA 
Wflifes^ {biirtb sou of Tliotilai» Trevot* (creat^^ by 
Oueeo AiHie, Baron Trevor of Brodiibam in thd 
QQnnty of Bedford) by his .aecond wife Anne^ 
daughter of Colonel Hobdrt Weldings and widbw 
0f Sir Hubert Barnard^ Uaitmet. / . » * 

Bp, Trevor was born Sebt^a, 170^; warfiirsft 
pbiced sU Btsbop^tortford achoolr in Uertibrddhirdy 
and, when of sufficient age, temoved to Westm&DH 
steTi where he stayed till ripe fcr lUe UniTetaitj^ 
vrsi« eoiered a Gentleman Cllotimonec of QiiecniV 
CqD^, Oxford, and had for his Tutor JoBeptr 
St6dnian, Fellow of the ^Jtoe Colle^^ (i hm h9a^ 
eWctied Fellow of All 8ouUin 1727!, where betook 
^^ift Mafter of Arts degive^ f 8th of Janbaiy :l78'l r 

^^ «• M Tfo iHinstBit to pysttTity the characters of emiaen£ men, 
[ b ft inbuCe fine to thrir memory^ and a service to the publiclc that 
oeidb 110 apology, hi Taking^ a view of this Bishop> it is not in- 
tended toga through 3. ininittc detail of all tlie early and iiWK^'- 
feriai events of his histons but to talci^a short akidglfAeMl s^ey 
^ef^in in the last scenes of life. ^Co dp juf^o^ to^is f^fiiwfy^ 
^H^HibctTiiiniend tho^ amiaUe virtues that adorned his character 
W^Kk prance of posterity, h tht chief design of the following 

r t^r G, A. '"'''/'' 

^ t Tbr ekgant Portrait of Bhhop'Trevfni here /innufcd, en^ 
grasiedln i;'7.6 by ^my good ^>end Mn Joeepji. Cdl^er (ivlii69^ 
namie has tar many years been deservedly enrolled among the 
Aasoeiafe fingravers of ti^e Ro^at Acadetiiy, and who is now^ 
isr4, thie <aiigent Dpper Wardeivof the Stationers Cbmjpany), was 
copied from a drawing made by. Mr. iUAert Jiuitbhuison, ono 
of his Lordship's domestic^, apd im^iravpd £ro9 a w|uc model 
by Gosset. The Plate w^ ori^nally presented by Mr. Allap to 
m. Hutchinson ^, and piircha^ frdm him by the Editpr of these 
AneodoUs.- . . .• <.. if"/'" '.I ' "■■ ' 

t Printed at his private press at Darlington, 1776. 
Vol. IX. R was 

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was presented^ by Sir Robert Barnard, to the valu- 
able Rectory of Houghton with Witton, in the 
county of Huntington, 1732; succeeded Dr. Tbonaas 
Terry (who died at Bath in 17S§) in his Canonry of 
Christ-Church, Oxford; and, on June 10, 173^> 

Proceeded to the degree of Doctor of the Civil 
aw, for which he went out Grand Compounder, 
In January, 1744, he was appointed Bishop of St. 
David's, on the jpromotion of Dr. Edward Willes 
to the See of Bath and Wells ; from thence he was 
translated to Durham, Nov. 9, , 1752, and there en- 
throned by proxy on the Sgthof December following. 
In the year 1759, the Chancellorship of the Uni- 
versity of Oxford became vacant, on the death of 
Charles Earl of Arran, for which honour the Bishop 
stood competitor with the Earls of Westmoreland 
and Litchfield. To attain this honourable station, 
he was spurred on more by the advice and importu- 
nity of his friends, than by his own natural temper 
and inclination. He had the advantage of his of^ 
ponents singly; but, the Earl of Litchfield giving his 
mterest to Lord Westmoreland, the scales vrere 
turned, and, Jan. 49 1759} the poll stood thus : 

Earl of Westmoreland - - 32I 
Bishop of Durham - - 200 

Majority 1-£1 

There was a singular dignity in his Lordship's 
person; he was tall, well-proportioned, and of a 
carriage erect and stately. The Episcopal robe was 
never worn more gracefully. His features were re- 
gular, manly, and expressive ; his complexion florid, 
and over bis countenance was difiused an air of be- 
nignity, though accompanied with that presence^ 
which, whilst it inspire esteem, commanded reve- 
rence and distant respect. 

His Lotdship resided all the Summer months 
either at Durham or Auckland, but chiefly at the 
latter, where he made great improvements in the 


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ctsde tnd park; used much exercise in walkii^, and 
enjoyed a good state of health till 1771. 

•** About the loth day of Mardi in that year^^ 
be began to be confined ; a gangrene sore having 
attacked the tendons of his left foot, and a mortifi- 
cation of the most fatal kind ensued; the toes 
sloughed off one after another, by a slow but irre- 
fistible progress; every aid of medicine, and all 
that human art could do, was most assiduously as 
well as judiciously administered by those two emi* 
nent surgeons, Dts. ^ddington and Hawkins ; nor 
could ariy thing tend more to assist the endeavours 
of those gentlemen, than the singularly prudent and 
composed behaviour of their patient, who, during 
his whole confinement, took every medicine, ana 
sufifered every pain, with that firm composure of 
mind, which, by a strong and happy influence, 
assists the operations of nature. The bark was taken 
as long and in as large Quantities as ever known, and 
aeemra to i^ree so well with his constitution, that, 
if the disease had been remediable, that alone would 
have effected a cure ; but it was too malignant and 
inveterate, and had already taken a mortal hold on 
the whole habit After having suffered, above two 
months, a copious discharge from the wound below, 
and, as one should think, in some measure cor- 
rected by so long an absorption of antiseptic medi- 
cines, a new sore, tending to a carbuncle, appeared 
OD his back. This gave a damp to all hot>es, and 
nodiinff remained but the dread of a miserable exis- 
tence being too far prolonged: Henceforward it 
might be said, Quentceque nocetft artes, cessere 
magistri. The poison now began gradually to 
creep up from the foot (already mortified) to the 

* '' This account was fcrand among the papen of Mr. Robert 
Hutchinson (brother to the Historian, and one of his Lordship's 
Dcmestics) ; and it discovers such a noble fortitude of mind, at 
the approach of his dissolution, as could be inspired only by a 
dear oonscknce, and the cahn retrospect of an uninterrupted 
series of virtiie." G A. 

R 2 leg 

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t4f utE^A^x A^^K^fl^s. 

lf^« Af , pa ^e one 1^4, life v^ai mcc^mpaCible 
with such a mw9, fo, pp the o^her, imputation, m 
his th^p habit of body anfl great weakne^, afforded 
no other possible prospect but to ^mbitt^r the con- 
flict, and hasten we event4 - 

^^ In this helpless situation did the Bishop lie 
above twelve iveeks^ the latter part of which he did 
not suffer much pain, except when his foot or badi 
virere dr^\. The uneasiness of bis posture, which 
adinitted of no variety, must htve grown intolerablci 
I say must, because we are to juc^ of his feelings 
from our reason, not from his eniression of them ; 
jbr neither these nor his othei: sufferings (and otli^ts 
he had) ever drew fron^ him a p^vish word, melan^ 
choly ejaci,ilation, or a despon4wg sigh. A$ long 
as his strength permitted, pe sat up in his chair. 
iThough he had no appetite, ye^ he continued to 
have a regular dinner, and two or three of his friends 
^o dine \vith him. In short, he stujdti^ to conceal 
as much as possible the appear^noe of a sick man, 
and^ till within two days of his d<?^th, ought raliier 
to have been called a wounded, man ;^ fyr though in 
fact the poison was every minute gaining ground, 
vet, wonderful to relate I it if either: Qaus^d fever, 
head-acb, or any painful symptom. 

<< His throat, for the last ^n days, became aore 
and ulcerated: though the spirits, which depend 
upon the strength, diminished with his strength, yet 
tne^rmness and tranauiility of his mind ne^er suf-* 
fered any change. He frequently took notice of 
that concern in the countenances of his friends and 
domestics, which they could not conceal ; and he as 
pften cbicl them for it. It was supposed he had but 
a Wd opinion of his case from the first, having exe- 
cuted his will the 9th of April 177I, and it was evi- 
dent he discovered the iiill extent of his calamity: 
butr it was not the least of his philosophy to conc«J 
these feelings, whilst he inwardly prepared hioiself 
for the awful scene he perceived was now approach- 

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ing: tiow adfinirably he efl^ted tbis^ ihose tha\ 
were spectators can bear testimony « 

"On SaturJay morning <he 8th of Jane, the 
Bishop,' from some inward feelings, became more 
Bensible of his approaching dissolution ; he no more 
wflered himself to be taken up ; and desired Dn 
Yorke, then Bishop of St, David's and Minister o( 
his parish, might be sent! for to administer the sar 
crament to him the following evening- ITie weaki 
ness of hit situatiot^, and fear of an approaching de- 
Hrium, shewed the impi*oprtety of postponing the 
ceremony go lon^. Lord Trevor told his brother^ 
fliat the Bishop of St. David's ua$ not in town j 
but that his Chaplain Mr. De Salis was then ready, 
Bind begged to haVe the satisfaction of communi- 
cating with IJim immediately. The Bishop said, 
bebelidvfed things were not so pressing; but how- 
ever, if lie pleasedji arid Mr. De Salis would be so 
good as to read tbe service, it should be so. He 
ilso desired that His nephew (Mr. John Trevor, a 
youttg gentleman of the most promising character, 
ttid who had attended him with the most singular 
afifection and assiduity) together with the rest of the 
ftniily, might' communicate with him : the cere- 
mony was accordingly performed ; and the Bishop 
Was the only person, wnp, during this awful solem-> 
Bity, vvas moved by no other anections than those 
of pure devotiop. When this was over, he contif 
nued to lie in perfect ease of body, and still more 
perfect composure of mind. He desired Lord Tre- 
vor and his nephew would sit by him, said some- 
thing about settling his affairs, and gave directions; 
about his burial ; expressed the happiness he ha4 
experienced in Lord Trevor's long and cordial friend* 
ship, gave thanks to God for the resignation and 
fertitude with which he had been enabled to bear 
his afflictions, and thanked the world for the kind 
shars of concern it had taken in his situation. He 
iko talked some time very seriously witbMr. John 


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XrevQr ; told him, ^ that he believed he was not im- 
mediately goin^, but that he had then put himaelf 
in the posture in which he should wish to be ready- 
when it pleased Providence to strike. He then de- 
sired the family to go to dinner^ bidding the servants 
take particular care of his friends, and leave him as 
usual to go to rest. All jSaturday evening and night 
he continued to rest quietly, though slight and par* 
tial convulsions began to affect his arms and fingers. 
He now and then had his mouth moistened, but no 
more took any medicines or solid food ; desired that, 
he misht be prayed for the next morning in his pa^ 
rish church of St. George. On Sunday mormng 
he appeared much the same ; but after the last dress? 
rag oi his wounds, which was madeaseasy and short 
as possible, he grew much weaker, but still conti* 
nued easy and perfectly sensible, ezcqit when con- 
yulsions c^me on, which now b^n to be more fre^ 
quent and violent. He had four fits before evening ; 
about six, being more quiet, and perfectly sensible, 
he desired the rrayers for the Sick might be read to 
. him, to which he repeated all the responses ; but, 
feeling another fit coming on, stopped the prayers : 
recovering therefrom, he fell asleep, and continued 
so till shook by more convulsions, and had seven or 
eight after this, at intervals of about half an hour : 
still his senses were unaffected. He said to Mr. 
John Trevor, after one of the fits, * Jack, you see 
me clinging to life much more than it deserves.* 
About eleven at night, he asked the Apothecary how 
he did ; and these were the last words he uttered. 
While he continued to lie in an horizontal posture, 
he breathed with difficulty and uneasiness, and made 
a sign to be raised a little ; which, when done, he 
continued for about ten minutes to brea^e away the 
last remains of life almost imperceptibly, without a 
struggle or a gfoan. At a quarter before twelve he 
expired (June 9, 1771) in the 64th year of his age^ 
and of his Translation the 19th. 

" Thus 

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^ Thw at len^h was this ezcellient man released 
from all his suTOrines, leaving behind him an ex- 
ample of christian piety, fortitude, and resignation^ 
which no human being ever exceeded^ and tew have 

* ''Todrawthechuactor of thisEeramd IMate vequinss 
the ablest pen« His memory is fresh and flounshing in the 
iM'easts of most people now liriag, and posterky may be assured 
the IbUowing may be depended on far iroth in every particnlar ; 
the int^rity of the composer being above dispute, and his inti- 
macy with the Bishop sufficiently known/* G. A. 

In a Sermonf jneached at NewotfUe, July 97> 1771> before 
the Governors of the Infirmary there, by John Rotheram %» 
M. A. Rector of Hoivhton-le-Spring in Durham, that anhnated 
Freadier says, '' SekUnn have so maov amiable and nduable 
qualities met together in one pefson } sddom have Tirtues and 
accomplishments been so happily united as in the late Bishop 
of Durham. If we ccmsider him in private life, we shan 
Bad none more worthy of our love 5 if in public, none that* 
could more justly daim our veneration and esteem. His per- 
sonal accomplishments were sudi as could not ftul to attract 
the notice, and win the regard, of all with whom he con- 
versed. Histendernesstothose who had the hap|»ness of being 
near him was beyond example ; which necessarily attached to 
liim more by a£fecdon, than hy any other bond of authority, in-> 
terest, or fear, every feding heut, capable of gratitude, and 
jBliveto the imfwessions of goodness. His attainments in Litera- 
ture fer surpassed his own modest estimate of them. His ac- 
<piaintancr with the history both of ancient and modem times was 
acciamte and extensive. He was master of the best and purest 
writers of antiipiity, and his meiiiory was stored with their finest 
passages, which be applied with propriety and taste ; whilst he 
ml and communicated the sublii^ beauties of the sacred books 
with such energy and warmth of expression, as shewed that their 
^vine fires toucned his heart. His knowledge of the affiirs of 
men, and discernment of characters, spoke one who had been 
accustomed to read mankind with penetrati^ and candour. 
From these accompHshinents of the hrad and heart floweda con* 
versation pleasing and instructive, which had all the stren^h 
that just ODsei-vation, sentiment, and deep reflection could give, 
acconqpanied by all the graces that it could derive from an open 
and engaging countenance, it winning address, harmoniotts do- 

t I an enabled to add, from Mr. Surtees'i valuable ** History of Dur-« 
ham," now In tbe press, the following elegant tribute to tbe Preacber: 

** Lord Mansfield sends bis compliments to Mr. Rotberam» and returns 
hifli many tbSoks for bis excellent and admhuble Sermon ; tbe rsadhif 
of it cost bim tears, but gave bim a melancboly pleasure, and a hifb es- 
teem of tbe bead and heart of the Pread^r. 7 November, 177 i .** 

I Ot wbom see some Memoirs in voL Vlll. p. 1^93. 


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; O^ the ipth of Juwi ti« wa^ bmH^ priiwtery, 
(4C^diag to his a^n di^f^ow) 9jt^ Qikyn^ ip Snakes $ 
a^ Ui 1775 ^ Qio^t ^Ic^t marbW pftOfHiiqwt wm 

cutioti, a language copious, correct^ and natural, and a mind 
degantly turned. In a word, in private life we saw accomplish- 
ments supported by worth -, polbhed manners and a plaising 
Ibfm amiaated by inCdfigence and goodness of heart} outwardly 
•11 that was gnoMk and beeouih^, whibt all was fight and 
peace within. His public oharaofeer was such as did naturally re- 
sult from so many piivate virtues and amiable endowments. The 
tvtie intriMic worth which he possessed, easUy took an outward 
polish beyond what any art can give to iMtfer materials. He wore 
his tehiporal honours with dignity and ease. Never were the 
shining quaHties of the Pkdatine more justly tempered by ib» 
milder graces of the Diocesan. Liberality, mun^oence, and 
gNatttess «f mind flowing ftom one somroe, were hq>pily united 
iMk meekness,' moderation, and humittty derived from the other. 
IlivMsd with high authority, his iniuence, whieh was become 
gtoniMral and extensive, seemed not so much the effect of power, 
SIS the raialt of leasoa and superior ability exerted ibr the public 
good. He was sinoemly and firmly attached to every thing that 
is cccoUent im our haf^ Constitution 5 wishing to see public 
authority and private fii>erty standing together on the basis of 
puhiie law $ and public peace established by their concord. A 
friendfrom principle to the interests of the Church of England, 
hit z^fot its weifiure was directed by knowledge, and tempered 
bgr eentiments of purest charity towards all our dissenting bre- 
thren 5 which he expressed not only in private conversation, but 
in hb pubik discourses, partieidarly in his last affectionate ad- 
dfess to the Cktgy uf his Diocese, deliveivd at his final visitation 
in July and August 1770. £asy of access to all, he was ever 
open to his Ckigy, and ready to assist them by his counsel and 
adriot, ov where the case required it> by liberal contributions. 
Their complatnCs and grievances were received by him as iuto 
the boeom of a friend, and for them he had no authority hur 
that of a parent. Amouj^rit them, he was much more studious 
to find out merit, and distinguish good belmviour, than ready to 
remark or remember errors and failings. Under every change 
of times, and through all the atfairs both of public and private 
life, hr maintained a steady course, regular, uniform, andcon« 
sistent. His measures were not taken from (Micasional situations, 
from waveriqg inclination, or considerations of present conve- 
nience. He acted, on priitciples by their nature fixed and un- 
chai)geable. Religioti had taken possessiDn of his soul, and all 
his rules of conduct were transcribed into hu lieart from the royal 
law of Christian charity. Ti)ei*efore was lils breast filled with 
candour, integrity, and truth ; and therefore did he maintain a 
irmaese and constancy, whieh they who pitx^ecd on principles of 


Digitized by 


erected to his vMmoty in thedlapel of Auckland, 
with die folkmiog hMcriptiovit ^ 

fidse honour or worldlf poficy^ most aiJbQdi^ but d&miot equaL 
Ub c<Hiception» of the cloctrines and design of Christiaiiity were 
noble and exalted. He felt their power^ and wondered that it 
was not uniterBally fclt. Nbw hath nqr sinA been eirfhimed when 
i have heard hlasoHimenta on thb subject \iearn(i from his bene*- 
▼olent heart ! * We may boast omisdyes/ be wotild say^ ' in the 
advancement we have made in the theory 6f our religion ; but 
how must ouF pride be humbled when we cotnpare our practice 
with our theory f Siirely prin^I^ so great and glorious as those 
of the Go6pel> so Alii of the seeds of alfblesshigs to human society, 
cannot always remnn without their effect. No.-^Ibvelatioa 
may be slow in working the ftiH purpose of Heaven^ but it must 
be sure. ReBgjSon must one day be a very dlflbeiit ^ttng fitmi 
what we at present behold it: Christian chaiftV'Camidt always ha 
to the world a light without heat, ^^P^ ^^ ^^' I^ warmth 
at length Bust be universally ftlt. The thne must com^» when 
oar zeal shall appear to be kindled by ibis heavenly fire, and 
not by human passion ) when all our little ei^rthly heats shall be 
extinguished, and that pure aqd divine flame alone shall bum. 
^The time will come^ when animosijty and violence and ra^ 
shall cease ; and when union, love, and harmony shall prevail. 
The time will come, when esuth shall bear a nearer resemblance 
to Heaven.*' May hia spirit be prophetic ! May those glorious 
effects of oiir blessed religion soon be accmnplished; andmaythe 
happy period he wished for soon arrive ! Rdjgion, thus under- 
stood, supported falm to the end, and administered to his sout 
all its heavenly consolations under the last great trial to which 
huKKianity can be calksd ; enabling him to give a proof worthy of 
a Christian Bishop, of the strength of his Qrindp]es> and their 
ability to sustain the mind in that great ancf decisive hour, when 
all hiunan help is withdrawn, and when every support hl\s and 
sinks under it. 'Such was the late Bishop of Durham, and such 
a the rude outline of a great and beloved character, attempted 
bjT an aActionate, thoi^h une)|ial hai)d : The finishiiig shah be 
by the luind of an Apostle -, for St. Paul, in describing what a 
Christian Bishop ought to be, hath, in all the principal lines, 
described what our late lamented diocesan was i-^' Me was bh^nc' 
kat, vigilant, sober, of goodhehaviour, given to hospitality, apt to 
Hpnch. He was not given to wine j he was no striker, nor greedy 
of filthy lucre, but patient ) not a brawler, not covetous. He 
ruled well his own house, baring his family in subjection with 
all grarity ; for if a man Imows not how to rule his own house« 
how ahidl he tdke care (^ the Church of God? He was neither a 
novice, nor lifted up with pride; and moreover, he had a good 
report of them which are without, so that \m was free lh>m all 
i^roach.'*' ^ 


Digitized by 



'' RlCHAUIUS TtlBtOly 

evjut. Lector^ conteiii|ilui» Imagitwm^ 

Ulius natu Qoartus 

Tbomjb Dootum Tkbv^k Bar. de Bbomham^ &c. 

natus est LoNi:>iNi« 30 Sept. A. D. 1707« 

Cuisum humaniorum literarum 

lA SchoUl Episcopo'Stortfoed inchoatmn 

in Collegio Rboinkmsi Oxon. confecit. 

In Colkgium Omnium Avimarum 

SociuB co-optatii8 A. D. 1T27- 

In eacroBanctos Orainet initiatiu A. D. 173l» 

Farochiid de Houghton cum Witton in Com. Hunt. 

curam susceiat A. D. 1733 ; 

auflceptsque per xii annos Tigilanter ac liberaliter incubuit. 

Gborgium Secundum 

ad Hanotbuam k Sacris comitatus A. D. 1735. 

Eodem anno Canonicus Mdis Christi, Qk. 

Regio jussu ascriptus est. 

Episcopus Mbvbvijb consecratus est A. D. 1744 j 

ibidemque munere Pastorali per octenniym 

perfideliter functus^ 

Denique in banc Diocbsin> 

quam dignissim^ administravit> 

amplissim^ exomavit, 

sibique arctissim^ devinxit> 

translatus est A. D. 1752. 


eftdem> quitvixerat, «quanimitate^ 

obiit LoNDiNi» 9 Junii, A. D. 1771 i 

ac in .£de P^urocbiali, 

quam suis sumptibus extruxerat 

apud Glynd in Com. Sussex, sepultus jacet. 

NuUj non fiebilis occidit ; 

nuUi iebilior quam suis Hseredibus^ 

qucnrum pietas hoc Ceuotapbium 

B. M. p. C." 

By his Will, dated April 9, 1771, Bishop Trevor 
gave the following charitable legacies : 

'' To tbe poor of the parish of Glynd in Sussex - ae.5ft 

To the poor of Beddingluun in Sussex - .. ^ 50 

To the poor of St. George*s, Hanover Square^ London 50 

To the Infirmary at Newcastle upon Tyne - - 500 

To Christ-Church college in Oxford - - - loOO 

To tbe Corporation for relief of Clergymen*s Widows • 500 

To the Westminster Infirmaiy < - - 300 

Tothe Small Pox Hospital .... 300 

To the Society for propagating tbe Gospel - - 500 

T6 the poor of Durham . . • . lOO 

To the poor of Auckland . « . . lOO 

Digitized by 


i m 2 

The Familt or THICKN£SS£, 

desenres particular notice in the Litaary Anoab of 
the Eighteenth Century. 

John TflicKNESSS, descended from a younger 
bnToch of the Thicknesses of Baulterley Hall in Staf- 
fordshire, having obtained the d^;ree of B. C. L. at 
Oxford^ was there ordained ; and in 1694 waa pre* 
lented by his Uncle, Sir John Egerton, Bart oi 
Rhyne-hilly to the Rectory of Farthii»)e in Nor- 
dunmtonshire, then worth about 300^ a year, to 
which was added, in 1715, the Perpetual Cunuy 
of Radston^ a neighbouring village ; and the dutiea 
of both he constantly and conscientiously performed 
in the fullest extent to the day of his death. He 
married Joyce Blencowe, niece to Sir John Blen« 
cowe, one of the Justices of the Common neas^ 
and daughter of a neighbouring Clergyman. He 
died in I735, in his 55th year ; leaving two dau^- 
ters, the youngest of them, Joyce *, the wife of Dr« 
Ridiard Grey ; the other then unmarried. 

He had at least seven sons ; four of whom he« 
came eminent in their respective stations. ThomaSj^ 
at the time of his father's death, had been recently 
remofed from Eton to King*s College, Cambridge; 
Ralph was then on the foundation at Eton ; George 
was on the foundation at Winchester; a fourth 
was at the Charter-house; Philip and one other 
were jroung at Farthinghoe. 

1. Thomas Thicknbss£, the eldest of them, was 
elected from Eton School to King*s Coll^, Cam- 
bridge in 1724; B. A. 1728; M. A. 1739. He* 
was a man of great virtue and learning ; one of tiie 
Whitehall R^achers ; had the Vicarage of Sawston 
in Cambridgeshire; was a candidate for the Provost- 
tbipof tiie Coll^, in January 1741*2, when Dr. 
George was elected ; and died in tbe^same year, on 
the 11th of October. 

* Who died ia 1794> aged 89. See toL I. p. 4<26 -, VIII. p. 37a 

2. Ralph 

Digitized by 



2. Ralph Thicknesse was elected from Eton 
to King's Coll^ In 47ST? ^ A. 173*; M.A, 
1736. He was an Assistant at Eton School, and 
A citiidMate #ith Mr. John Stnritier, {of the Under* 
mastership of the School. He pi/blished an Edi-* 
fioiKrf /' PhsBdtus, With Ehglish Nbtes;'* iil ^74! i 
Btidy *^ Examples, rendered into proper Lsttiti;* both 
ji^nted^t Pote's press. lii 1 742, m icontrit at^King^s , 
, feolfegfe^ thfe Fellows, in th^ii* <ihoice of a fVovost, 
#6rc? fio eijMlHy divided; tliat herthei^ pditty could 
pfe^l*. m. Thickness^; who iVas of tftb Whig 
pfefr^, biA i ihodetate n&an; and esteemed by botli, 
Wits diebired iitamiedia[tety to take his Dobtor^s de- 
^^;^ mA ttey wotdd unite; and elect' hini^: 
8ut he did not Kv$ to receive that acadfemlcal 
hbhoui'; <fy»ttg suddenly, Oct. il, 174^; ai he 
whs playing the fiVst fid(He!|: ih a coihpdsitTon 6f his 

^ The canvass was rather premature. Pr^voif Soape died 
JJec. 30; 17'42. - a 

f *' As the King was just setting oat for Hanof 6r, my Bhitber 
WM olHSf^bdm go humediaite))f to Lohdoh to gM 4lis ixiandUuiiiis, 
and to apply lo ih^ Duke of Somenet> wht> ynm CtiaiKaBttor of 
ihe yiuvensity, the instant he aqived in London, ' whM^ hap* 
fened to be on a Sunday. He was utterly unknoyirn to tbe Duke, 
but wrote 4iim a short Lettet, the copy of which ndv^ liies before 
ia». TheDuke, tb his great ^prize, sent to desbt M obmpany 
to dumer y my Brother aocofdiogly went, was kindlb^ rsceiredir 
aapui iiis request complied with. Previous to the dinner beiny 
served up, the company, consisting of ten peisbns beside the 
Dote; Were sitting in the Great Hall ; a servant entered, holding 
a^Wer staff in his right hand^ soo^thing like a BbhopTs erdsiBri 
and )>are-hc|uled, announced the 8|^ndid repm three Ctmes, 
thus ; Forte, — Piano, — P'umistimo. ' My Lord Duke of Somerset 
— ^My Lord Duke of Somerset — Mv Lord Duke of Somerset-^ 
Yotil* Grace's dinner is upon the table.* I believe my Brbther was 
4he only liudignified Clei'gyman who was ever adii^ttod to ^icfa 
an honour ; and, as lie died suddenly a few days a^, he died 
without koowiug why this singular mark of attention was shewn 
him ; and therefore I will venture to account for it, from one 
expression in his fetter to the Duke : — it is/ ' nothing could in- 
duce me to give your Grace this trouble upon a Stndty^ bat thp 
King's going so aoon abroad/ The Duke, perhaps, did iiot lay 
much stress upon the day : but he was gratiBed, and perhaps 
flattered, to find a Clergyman who supposed he did.*' P. T. 

i ** Mr. Thicknesse^s story of old Ashe, who turned his ekkst 
ton out of the house because he played a better fiddle than his 


.Digitized by 


0^ in a pijgrniidg concert M: Bf^^. A ^days be- 
fore his <iegth^ he had l^^cn appoiuted a Lieutenaat 
of an I1ldepende^t Compmy al Jamaica: his be^t 
fri^d, air ^wardWalpote, having pbtainad he 
him that ccimfpissipn ; with a promiae of the King^t 
leave of absenoe till a Compaiiy became Vacant ; 
which i|ira9 then worth 1 0001. a year. Sir Charles 
Hanbury WilliaQis wrote a monumental inscription, 
to be plained Qver him in the Abbey Church at 9ath|-. 

hihtr, vns, as be told it, fhiught with excellent humour and 
pleaouatiy." P. T.— The story of Dtf. Bftttie and Mr. Ralpb 
7hickne&^> reflated in irpL IV. p. 737> (it sboifld hat« been stated^ 
was " written by Mr. Philip Thicknesse, brother of Ralph.'* 

* Dr. CiBver, who wsji at his elbow wlien his head fell) was of 
OfMDion, thait the stroke was hastened by tiie anxiety he was 
tmitt for the wdU-perforoiance of his ooiaposHioii ; and wr^ 
the fbUowix^ elemtc lines Xp his nuemory : 

" Weep, oh ! ye Wits, who» ever hugh*d before, 
Thicknesse*, your fevourite Thicknesse, jokes no more. 
No mors his Attic salt, his Roman fire. 
The socvid band delighted shall adniue. 
Hushed be all harmony, except t^ strain 
Hiat *s taught in mournful numbers to compbdn 
How he, tnio sounds celestial could combine, 
Was flitelitd^'d^from earth in heavenly choir to shine. 
Ye Poeta> sweet compfuuQQs of his you^, 
^uit all your febles, and adorn the tru^ ; 
in elegiac plaints his story tell. 
How lov'd he Hv'd, and how lamented fell.'* 
t Fut of whioh» bi:^ imperfectly remembered, was, *' Neaa 
this ptoce lie the remains of |Ulph Thicknesses Bl. A. and FrikMM 
of King's College in Cambridge. In his youtliiul days he ac* 
quired all the, ^lite Learning that could give ornament to the 
gown 'y whicli, ^ith a sprightly wit and genius, rendered him 
%ieeabl& Msd dear to. all his friends. He thought Arms moro 
becoming the manly ^ge, and therefore joined the laurel to the 
bji b)|t di^ vf^m Ui^;were just inteitwoveu to adorn his brow. 
Mojsiqk gav^ vny to his unbended bours.^ and k was hard t0 
detennin^. whetliber he touched thef stiing^ hinfisel^ or sec the 
numbers for oth^^ to do it, with the greatest exactness. That 
his last composition exceeded the skill of those who were to per* 
&ria it, bis sudden death was too &tal a proof. . • • . .^ 

from whence bis soul indignant flew to that place where ak>no 
it could meet with the hajrmony that equalled it.** 

[Of another Ralph Tbicknesse, a Physician, who died at Wigan, 
Feb. 12, 1790^ «t. 72, see Gent. Mag. LX. 185, 27% 363, S99, 
551 ; and more particularly a Letter from his son Ralph, p. 791] 

3. George 

Digitized by 



3. Gmokce Thickn£S8£ was educated oh the 
foundation at Winchester School. He was elected 
Chaplain of St PauPs School Oct 5, 1737 ; Sur- 
master 1744; and High Master in August 1748. 
He was a man of great learning, wisdom, and mo- 
deration ; he considered boys as rational beings, and 
to be governed by reason, not by the rod; and, 
without its use, that School, by his incessant assi- 
duity *, was raised to the highest reputation. The 
Mercers* Company had so great an opinion of his 
wordi, and so much gratitude for his services, that 
in 17^9 they settled upon him, during his life, an 
annuity of 100 guineas, on the express condition that 
he named his successor; and Dr. Roberts accord- 
ingly succeeded him in the High Master's Chair. 

William Holbech, Esq. a batchelor of large for- 
tune at Famborough in Warwickshire, whose me • 
mory will be ever revered by all who knew him^ 
had been Mr. Thicknesse's (hend from the time he 
was upon the foundation at Winchester; and, when 
he resigned St. FauPs School, the good old man 
desired iiim to retire to a wing of his old mansion- 
house at Mollington, which he had left standing 
for that purpose thirty years before. When Mr. 
Thicknesse arrived at this pleasant remnant of hos- 
pitality and goodness, he found a good fire bomins 
upon all the nearths in the house; his binns filled 
with wines, and an annuity upon his table, the do- 
nation of the generous owner: but, alas! before the 
Tev<^ution of one year, whilst Mr. Thicknesse and 

* Abcmt the year 1760 he began to fed the Ulefiecto of this in- 
tense labour. — " When I called m Dr. NicboUs, thirty jean ago,*' 
fiays Goremor Thicknesse in 1790^ " to my late departed Bro> 
iher, I felt an impatience^ amounting almost to anger, that he 
did not call for pen, ink, and paper $ till he told me, ^ he would 
not write, nor administer any medicine whatever. Your Bro- 
ther's life,* said he, ' is of importance to the rising generation. 
He has kept bis feculties too long upon the stretch, and has in- 
jured them. Nothing can be done, but giving him rest, repose, 
and perfect qiiietness 5 and then Time will recover the injury.*' 

Memovrs, voi, TIL p. 9S. 


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he were at dinner together, dicf ^px)d old mi^i, in 
June 1771^ threw hit h^d back m bis chair, and 
died without a groan. A character of him appeared 
in one of the County Papen thus concisely and 
truly drawn: ^^ His hospitality was, according to the 
Apostle, without grudging; his integrity was. un« 
shaken; bis benevolence was universal; and his 
piety towards God was sincere.*' Mr. Thicknesses 
who was one of his executors, sent an express to 
Dijon, to recall his nephew and heir, who was just 
got thither on his way to Italy. 

Soon after the death of Mr. Uolbech, Mr. Thick- 

nesse chose to leave the habitation allotted him, and 

to live in a. hired house in the parish; and in 1784, 

upon the death of the proprietor of Arlescote, he 

became the tenant of the old mansion-house there, 

where he passed the remainder of his days, ** beatua; 

procul ^egotiis ; annbitione proculT continuing to 

receive the annuity of 50/. settled on hiiA by his 

excellent friend of Famboroughi Mr. Thiclaiesse 

survived Mr. Holbech many years ; but died Dec« 

18, 1790, in his 77H1 year, almost as suddenly; 

and though he left his pleasant abode, he never 

quitted the neighbourhood where so valuable a friend 

had invited him to spend the evening of his days. 

Humility distinguished every part of his life, but 

particularly the last act of it ; tor he directed ^' his 

body to be put into a common coflBn, like a com*' 

mon man (for such^ said he, / am) ; and to be 

buried on the North side of Warmington church- 

yardy without any memorial to ma» the spot;*^ 

where (to use the words of Mr. Francis, who was his 

scholar) ^' the wisest, the leamedest, quietest, and 

best man he ever knew was laid." His virtues made 

those who if ere connected with him happy; his 

temper made himself so. That vulgar celebrity 

which men call fame, he thoroughly despised ; if 

that had been his object, his eminent talents would 

have entitled him to a great portion of it. But, 


Digitized by 


t56 xrmiAttv AtiM&etst. 

irfiilr he >ivdl^ liB betrd With tik^imre thatt his nimt 
mm mmmn berei mth ati anecthmaie Ven^tibti 
hr hie naiMroiis itholai^ at th^r atimial ttieetmgs. 
liiough he 4« im# beyond fbe reach of their ^- 
titnde, his ekim to it did not end with his life. 
SoneUiing remained to^ be done, ibr an example to 
tfiose who come after tis^ to unite the memory of 
this incompamble mail with the existence of that 
School^ of which he was the gteatest benefactor since 
Its founder Dean Cokt, and to preserve them toge- 
ther as long as Learning shaH exist in this^ kingdom* 

This MateM duty was performed m 1791j whai, 
at a publio meeting of E^hty-one Gentlemen^ at 
their Anniversary, on St. Faurs day, Jan. 5^5, ft 
was unanimously resolvedi *^ That a public tes#^ 
mony should be given of their respect to the me^ 
mory of the lato Mr. George Thicknesse, and of 
tfaeif veneration for his name : That a marble bust 
ha carved alliieexpenceof themcfeChig, andjlhoed 
m the body of the Dchoo) : And that it be etfrtiertty 
ncommended to the present and all ftiture Masters 
of the School, to instruct the Scholars of tfie Upper 
Classes, to make honourable mention of ihe name 
aad character of Mr. Thicknesse immediately after 
that of Dean Colet, in their Anfmial Speeches dd^ 
vered m the School at Easter*.** 
^ 4. The fourth brother, who was educafed at the 
Chsotev-home, was probably *• the Rev. Mr. Thick- 
nesse/* who died at Bath, Nov. JJ, 175a. 

5. and C. 0# the two next tons nothing is re* 
corded but that one of them was living in 1725. 

7. Vuihif Thickhesse, •« a seventh eon without a 
daughter between,"* was bom at Farthinghoe, Aug. 
M^ 1719 ; and, for some time after the death of hi^ 
fiither, was placed at Aynhoe school; but soon re- 
move, with his mother, to London ; and, by 

* At the, Meeting in 1792> the Bust was plated ia the DfoDef* 
room> &n* the inspection of the Company, previous to its being 
put up in the School, inhere it now remains. 



by Google 

Mft. FfllLIP TlII€K«EMB. S57 

the filvour of Dr. Robert Freind, he was admitted a 
gratis (not a King's) scholar at Westminster ; where 
be did not long remain, but was placed, on likings 
with Mr. Marmaduke Tisdall^ an Apothecary : but^ 
that profession not suiting his inclination, he wad 
permitted, in 1735> to accompany General Ogle- 
thorpe to Georgia ; whence Mr. Thicknesse returned 
^^ 1 737 ; ^^^^ ^s he was one of the first of the Emi* 
grants who had arrived in this country^ was invited 
to attend the Trustees who had th^ management of 
that Colony. During this attendance he had the 
protnise of an Ensigncy in a Regiment then raising, 
under Colonel Oglethorpe, for its defence ; but, by 
speaking the truth respecting the afiairs of Georgia 
too plainly, he lost the Colonel's favour. At this 
time^ however, his two brothers, Thomas and Ralph, 
both Fellows of King's College, were in high favour 
with Sir Edward Walpole; and the younger of them 
had steadily engaged in the interest of the Hon* 
Thomas Townsbend, then M. P. for the IJniversity. 
By the recommendation, therefore, of those two 
gentlemen to Sir Robert Walpole, Mr. Philip Thick^ 
nesse obtained a Lieutenancy in an Independent 
Company at Jamaica*, where, for a considerable 
time, he was engaged in a variety of skirmishes with 
the Runaway Negroes in the Mountains ; till, tired 
of this desultory warfare, and not agreeing cordially 
with some of his brother officers ; hearing also that 
there was a talk of raising two Regiments in Eng- 
land ; he obtained from Governor Trelawny per- 
mission for six months absence; and sailed for Eng- 
land in the latter end of the year I740, in the 
Greenwich man of war; and obtained, in January 
1740-1, the post of Captain-Lieutenant in Brigadier 
Jeffries's Marine Regiment of Foot. 

In 174^ he married Maria, the only daughter of 

* Sir. TowDshend, to whose friendship he owed this promo- 
tion, said4o him, " You have this Commission from a desire I 
hare to serve you ; but I hant proniised your Brother to push you 
up to the rank of Captaia from my regard to him,** 

Vol. IX. S Mr. 

Digitized by 



Mx^ Johd Lanove, of Southampton, a French Re- 
fugee; whose wife was the only daughter of Mr. 
Berenger, of the same country, and under the 
same circumstances ; and who, when he died, left 
his money (about 10,000/.) to accumulate, interest- 
upon-interest, during Mr. Lanove's life ; and at his 
death to be divided equally between his children, 
when they shall arrive at the age of 24- Under this 
will, Mr. Thicknesse expect^ at a period which 
he thought might not be very distant, the reversion 
of 40,000/. ; but he was grievously disappointed. 

Early in 1744-5 he was sent up the Mediterranean, 
in the Ipswich, with Admiral Medley, as his Cap- 
tain of Marines ; and was a sufferer in a most tre- 
meadous storm, near the Land's End, Feb. 27, 
in which the Admiral's ship, with a large fleet under 
his convoy, sustained considerable damage* 

Returning to England after about a year's absence, 
he represents '^himself and his fortj/^fAousandr 
pounder J as reduced by the Peace to short allowance; 
from between twoand three hundred a, year, to live 
upon barely ninety-two.** One part of this defalca- 
tion arose from the non-payment of an annuity of 
50/. which the father-in-law had engage^l to pay 
him ; but which, by the obstinacy of a wife by 
whom he was governed, Mr. Lanove was persuaded 
to withhold. This produced a quarrel; and Mr. 
Thicknesse, packing up his wife and thre» children, 
set off in a common waggon for Romsey ; whence 
the good old Lord Palmerston forwarded them to 
Bath in his coach and six. With this wife he 
starved for seven years. She brought him four 
children; but died early in I749, as at the sani« 
time did two of her children, of the Pelham F€ver*x 
which had also nearly killed her husband. Mr. 
Lanove soon after died broken*hearted, having first 
burnt his will (a circumstance by which Mr. Thick- 
nesse obtained about 5000/.); and the widow, whose 

* A malignant Fever, which |iad proved very fatal in thf 
family of Mr. Pelham, at that time Prime Minister. 


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mind was deranged, jumped out of her first-floor 
window, and impaled herself on the spikes, before 
her own door, in the High Street, Southampton. 

Mr. Thicknesse married, secondly, Nov. 10, 
1749, Elizabeth, eldest daughter of the Earl pf 
Castlehaven, with whom he resided for some time 
at Acton. With this Lady he also received 5000/.; 
with part of which (1500/.) he purchased, in Fe- 
bruary 1753, the Lieutenant-governorship of Land-* 
guard Fort ; and with that honourable situation he 
was highly delighted, till the beginning of March 
lj62 ; when an unfortunate dispute with Mr. Ver- 
non, then Colonel of the Suffolk Militia (afterwards 
Lord Orwell, and Earl of Shipbrook*) very se- 
riously interrupted his comforts ; a circumstance 
mu«h aggravated by the death of his wife-f*. 

* In consequence of this dispute, Mr. Thicknesse sent the Co- 
lonel a present of a wooden gun. This produced an action for a 
fibel by way of reply, and constitutes a new case on the books ; 
writing alooe havings before this time, been usually considered 
as subject to this appellation. Mr. (afterwards Chief Justice) 
De Grey was Counsel for the Defendant ; and expressed him- 
adf greatly astonished ' that the nephew of a renowned Com- 
mander, the Hero of Porto Bello, should bring an action against 
a Brother Officer on such a contemptible occasion^' and the 
laugh of the day was assuredly against him. But it was no 
laoghing matter to his adversary 5 for Governor Thicknesse was 
confined for three months in the King*s Bench prison, and fined 
in 300^ But his gaiety did not forss^e.him, for he had a paint- 
ing of a gun placed above the door of his apartment (jthe same 
afterwards inhabited by Mr. Wilkes), which from that time re- 
cetred the appellation of the Gun-room. On his return to the 
coontry^ the Colonel declined attending a public dinner until he 
learned that Governor Thicknesse was not to be there ; and he 
was greatly discomposed on receiving a polite letter ^m Mrs. 
Thicknesse, intimating, ' that, if he would be at the ball in the 
evening, she would meet him as sure as a gun* As a proof of 
his good-nature, however, it ought not to be omitted, that he 
aftei-wards visited Mrs. Thicknesse at Bath, whilst Earl of Ship- . 
brooke. See Mr. Thicknesse*s Memoirs^ vol. II. p. 3. / 

t " Wednesday last [March 30] died at Land-guard Fort, Lady 
EHzabethThicknesse, daughter of the late Lord Audley, Earl of Cas- 
tlehaven. After spending a life of 37 years in the utmost simpli- 
city of manners, she quitted it with almost unexampled fortitude 
and resignation; yet not without those anxious cares about 
thote Abe loved and left, that a tender atid. susceptible heart 

8 9 wmX 

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On the 27th of September following, he married 
a third wife, the daughter of Thomas Ford*, Esq. 
an eminent Solicitor, and Clerk of the Arraigns; and 
the first years of this marriage glided smoothly away. 
During the winter they Tiv«i in the Governor's 
apartments at Land-guard Fort, where they received 
and returned the visits of the neighbouring Nobility 
and Gentry ; and in the summer months they inha- 
bited a pretty little place called Felixstow cottage-|- 

must fed on the near approach of an eternal separation firoai 
them. On her marriage to a Protestant (of small fonune), she 
was totally neglected for fourteen years by her nearest relatioDS; 
but, as that separation proved a means of removing the reti- 
gious errors in which £he had been educated, and being con- 
scious she had not merited such disregard, she rather considered 
it as a fortunate event, so far as it concerned her own happiness.** 

Jpstcich Journal, JprUS, 1762. 

Her children were, 1. Samuel TuchetThicknesse, bom Jan. 14, 
1752, died young. 2. George Tuchet, bom Feb. 4, 1767 5 as- 
sumed the name of Tuchet, April 3, 1784 ; and, on the death of 
his uncle, the fifth Earl of Castlehaven, succeeded to the Barony 
of Audley, which he still enjoys. 3. Philip, born June 3, 1760^ 
married 1786. Elizabeth, bora Aug. 4, 1750 -, Giarlotte, bom 
Oct. 18, 1751, died soon after j Joyce, bora March 25, 1763. 
— Speaking of their Mother in 179i> he calls her *' a very sen- 
sible, virtuous, good-tempered woman 5 by whom," he adds» 
" I had several children j four of whom are still living, two sons, 
and two daughters. The two former afe very well known to 
the world. The two latter are unknown, being placed in dif- 
ferent Convents, in France ; to both of whom I have now given 
an afiectionate invitation (if the National Assembly should dis- 
miss them) to return to a Father to whom they have always be- 
haved with duty, respect, and affection ^ and whom I much 
value and esteem for their virtues, however I may, as I always 
did, disapprove their plan of life, which was utterly against my 
will and advice 3 to my eldest daughter in particular ; for there 
were some reasons why the youngest was not fit for the world's 
eye, owing to the violence of the sm^l pox.*' 

* '^On Monday was married, at Land-guard Fort, lieutenant- 
Goveraor Thicknesse to Miss Anne Ford. This Gentleman, 
who is a Volunteer in Colonel Sir Armine Wodehouse's Battalion 
of Militia, had the honour to receive his wife from the band of 
his Colonel ; and was married in the private uniforai of that re- 
spectable Corps." Ipswich Journal, Oct. 2, 17^2. — Mr. FonTs 
death was announced in Gent. Mag. 1768, p, 303. 

f A perspective view of this Cottage (probably drawn by Gains- 
borough) was engraved. Gough's Brit. Top. 11. 257. — See 

a dwoiptiaa 

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(now in possession of Sir Samuel Fludyer, Bart.), at 
three miles distance; which was merely a fisherman*s 
hut, converted by the taste of Mr. Thicknesse, and 
afterwards embellished by the pencil of his wife, into 
a charming little residence, where he amused him- 
self in field sports and literary pursuits*. 

In the Spring of 1766, having then six children 
living (four by his former wives, and two by the 
third wife), .he obtained permission to resign his 
Government to Captain Singleton, on advantageous 
terms ; and retired into France, where he resided 
from May till October, and placed his daughter 
Elizabeth for education in a nunnery at Ardres. 
Joyce, the younger sister, was afterwards placed in 
another nunnery. He detailed the particulars of 
this journey, in the St. James's Chronicle, under 
ttie title of j4 Wanderer ; and afterwards gave them 
to the Publick, much altered and enlarged, as '* Ob- 
servations on the Customs and Manners of the 
French Nation -f*; in a Series of Letters, in which 
tfiat Nation is vindicated from the Misrepresenta- 
tions of some late Writers if,** alluding more espe- 
cially to Dr. Smollett. 

a descripti(m of this Cottage, from the pen of Mrs. Thicks 
nesae, in <' The School for Fashion.*' See also '< The Harwich 
Guide/* by J. Raw, p. 83 ; in which the present state of it is 
described. ' Mr. Raw*s account was taken from the Memoir of 
Mrs. Thicknesse In the eighth volume of *' Public Characters." 

* Mr. Thicknesse was Author of a Letter in the First Vo- . 
lume of the '' Museum Rusticum** (1763) on Trees and ShruV» 
which will thrive near the Sea — of another Letter in the ssme 
Vohime, respecting an extraordinary Phsenomenon observed on 
a Plaikt^ Chryionthemum^-^f a third, on the Advantages ot cul- 
tivating Uicem. — In the Second Volume^ a Letter on tht Tea 
Plant of Carolina ; and a Letter on the Use of Cragg as a Ma- 
nure in Suffolk. — In 1764 he commenced Author in due form,; by 
publishing " A Letter to a young Lady,** 4to.— In 1765, *' Manw 
inidwifery analysed,** 4to$ ^' Proceedings of a Court Martia],*'^ 
4tO} and '* Narrative of what passed with Sir Harry Erskine,'* Svo. 

t See a good epitome of this very entertaining Volume in ^ 
Gent. Mag. voL XXXVl. p. 594.— A Second Edition was pub- 
^tthcd in 1779, and a third in 1789. 

X Hue was followed by '' Useful Hints to those who make the 


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The Governor'g abode, on his return to England^ 
was at a pretty little villa near Welling, Herts; 
which an unexpected event soon induced him to relin- 
quish. His father-in-law Mr. Ford died May 3, 1 768 ; 
and a^small estate in Wales, within two miles of 
Pont-ry-PooI, having devolved on Mrs. Thicknesse, 
as heiress to her mother, it was determined to re- 
pair thither, as the spot was known to be beautiful 
and romantic ; and the genius of the Governor soon 
converted it into a Paradise: but an incident 
soon occurred, which produced another change of 
situation. Ry the sudden death of his mother-in- 
law, Madam Lanove, Mr. Thicknesse considered 
himself entitled to 19,000/ ; and bad always looked 
ferward to that event, as a provision for his old age, 
as well as for his family. Accordingly, he imme- 
diately repaired to Bath, to complete the education 
of his children, and introduce tnem properly into 
the world : and, for that purpose, he purchased a 
house in the Crescent ; and built St, Catherine's 
Hermitage, romantically situated on the swell of a 
hill, then about three quarters of a mile distant 
from Bath ; intended as a quiet retreat, in which 
Mrs. Thicknesse could educate the children, unin- 
terrupted by the cares and ceremonies of the world ♦. 
But the prospects which he had indulged, of inherit- 
ing the Berenger property, were annihilated, first 
by a Decree against him in Chancery, and again by 
an unsuccessful Appeal to the House of Lords, 
"vin 1775, therefore, ** driven out of his own coun- 
try^ he tells us, " with eight children in his train,*^ 
and ^^nagining he could live any where cheaper than 
in Ej^gland,*' he fixed upon Spiiin, and determined 

Tour of France, 1768>** 8vo ; '* Account of some Persons starved 
tof death at Datchworth, Berts, 1769," 4to j with a curious cut 
t)f the Poor-house there. " Sketches and Characters of the most 
eminent and most singular Persons now living, 1770 5*' and 
♦' A Treatise on the Art of Decyphering, 1775>*' 8vo. 

* As Bath has since been considerably extended, the Hermit* 
age has long ceased to possess its soiUary appearance. 


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MR. raiUP TH1CRNB88B. 98^ 

to remove thither. On the «Oth of June he arrived 
at Calais, which he describes as ** a sort of enlarged 
King's Bench prison, where the English fugitives 
live within the Rules, and the French inhabitants 
make it a rule to oppress and distress them/' After 
visiting his two daughters, he proceeded to cross 
the Pyrenees. This excursion employed him till 
November 17 76; and produced " A Year's Journey 
through France and Spain, 1777*;" 2 vols. 8vo. 

From this time Mr. Thicknesse appears to have 
been for a few years stationary at Bath. 

His " New Prose Bath Guide-f" appeared in 1 778 5 
the " Valetudinarian's Bath Guide, or the Means of 
obtaining long Life and Health," in 1780 ; his "Let- 
ter to Dr. Falconer of Bath," and " Queries to Lord 

* A second Edidon appeared in 1779, and a third in 1789. 

f This was dedicated^ '* by permission/' to Lord Chancellor 
Thurlow ; and led to the following correspondence : 

" TTie Chancellor presents his best respects to Mr. Thicknesse; 
aiid returns him many thanks for a very agreeable morning's 
amusement -, and for the many important advices^ and useful truths, 
he met with. It seems to be the most useful way of teaeh'mg ; 
but it certainly is the most pleasant, to hear the Sage, ridentem 
iicere verum. Both, Aug. 26, 1780." 

" Lord Thurlow presents his best respects to Mr. and Mrs. 
Thicknesse ; and assures them, that he knows of no cause to 
cotnplain of any part of Mr. Thicknesse's carriage ; and least of 
aU, the circumstance of sending the head X to Ormond-street, 
which has been kept in a closet ever since ; and if Mr. Thick* 
nessc wiU call for it in Ormond*street, it will be returned to him. 
He wishes him, Mrs. Thicknesse, and Miss, a pleasant journey 
to England." [Hotel de Bourbon, at Lisle, 1783.] 

" This comes from one who esteems you, and has obligations 
to you, which he feels in the fullest force, although he has rea- 
son to believe you think him insensible to them. The inclosed 
bill [^5/.] will, perhaps, suffice to acquit those of a pecuniary 
nature, and, by doing so, fulfil a duty of mere justice. He 
wishes he could as easily acquit the debt of gratitude. This Let- 
ter is a secret ; and the Writer is desirous it should remain sp* 
When he sees you, he will reveal himself. Aug. 21, 1786." 

X ** The bead Mid h»nd of Count Scruenxee ; modelled and coloured 
in wax, — the lixe of life — which I (knowing his Lordship adinired it) took 
the liberty to leave in Ornaond-st reet, before I went abroad, having then, 
as I told his Lordship, no plare to put ray o^tm head m, I knew bis 
Lonkkip considered it as the first piece of art in Britain." P. T. 


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In the Autumn of 1782 he made a third excursion 
to the Continent, which produced in 1783, '^Pere 
Pascal, a Monk of Montserrat, vindicated; in a 
Charge brought against him by a Noble Earl of 
Great Britain f and, in 1784, '' A Year's Joi^rney 
through the Pais Bas*, or Austrian Netherlands-f-. 

* Id consequence of the notice taken of this Tour in Gent. 
Mag. LV. 978, Mr, Thicknesse communicated the following Let- 
ter^ addr^sed to him by the Prince of Ligne, '' on receiving a 
Present of the very Pistols which John Duke of Marlborough wore 
on h'ls Saddle when he rode in state before the Walls of Brussels :** 

" 1 am so penetrated with gratitude and joy. Sir, that, while 
I am going to express both of them, I cannot but assure you, 
that, if the Pope had given me St. Peters keyst, and even those 
of Paradise, they would not have pleased me so much. May 
the pistols of that great man render me as serviceable to Eng- 
land ! May I find, before I die, a Hockstedt ! I have found 
in you a Friend, as I could not have received a greater proof of 
Friendship. You have inspired me with the same, and also with 
. admiration. Be convinced of the dbtinguished regard with 
which I have the honour to be. Sir, your most hiunble and most 
obedient servant. The Prince of Lignb. 

*' i will never part with my dear pistols.'* 

A second £dition was published in 1779, and a third in 
1786, with considerable Additions; and the Routes through 
Germany, Holland, and Switzerland, Difierenoe of Money, &c. 

f It was in this Tour that he formed a very pleasant intimacy 
with Ahbi Mann, which, by an accidental mistake, bad been 
iiearly broken ofif at the very commencement. But an explana- 
tion took place^ in the following Letter from the Abb6 : " I was 
honoured with yoiu" Letter, and am sorry to sec the subject of it 
gives you so much pain. Therefore, to contribute as much as lies 
in me to your tranquillity on that htad, I answer it without delay. 
What those two worthy gentlemen. Governor Ellis § and Mr. Bos- 
▼illell (whose friendship I singularly esteem and cherish) told 
you, is most certainly true. When 1 came to return your visit, 
and to pay my respects to your lady and family, word was brought 
me at the Apothecary's door, quitant en grande viiiie on ne pou' 
voit pas me refevvir, or in some such words as those, but pre- 
cisely the same meaning. Being rather surprised, 1 asked my 
man repeatedly if he had asked for you by name, and if he was 

X " Yet this Prince afterwards declined petting Mr. Thickness^ a key 
to open the park-gate opposite to his bouse, thougb be bad ^ven wbift 
be thought mure valuable than the keys of the gates of Paradise. P. T.*' 
Another Letter, ** on desiring his Highness to permit him to publish his 
Letters," it printed in Gent. Mag. LVI. 109.— The Prince of Ligne was 
defended by Dea Sablons (David Wells, Esq. F. S. A.) p. 38S ; and the 
Story detailed more at Urge by Mr. Tbicknesse, p. 391. 

i or whom see hereafter, p. 533. 

II The celebrated Colonel William Bosville, who died Dee. 16, 1813, 
frt. $9 i and of whom see Gent. Mag. LXXXIU. 640, 704. 


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In 1784, Mr. Thicknesse erected arustic monument 
to the memory of the unfortunate Chatterton ; which 

certain of the answer he brought me ? On his assuring if. and 
knowing by many ]^ars experience his exactitude and fidelity in 
giving or receiving a message, I could no longer doubt it. The 
only sentiment it inspired me with was, to make me give way 
to my natural bent and tendency of mind, which' inclines me 
almost irresistibly to retirement. This disposition, which makes 
me shun connexions as much as I can with decency, does not 
DEiake me less a friend to mankind in general ; nor did the little 
accident above mentioned make me esteem or respect you less 
than before. I am conscious, and intimately persuaded, that 
whatever happens is for our greater good, if we will make a 
proper use of it. Why then should such little rubs as these, 
even when really grounded, disturb that tranquillity aitd peace 
of mindj which is the greatest blessing of this life ? But this 
same peace and equanimity is hard to preserve, amidst the strife 
and jarring disposition of a tumultuous worid. In the throng 
of mankind we are apt to jostle each other ; anc| whoever docs 
not love to be jostled must keep as much out of the crowd, and 
aa &r from it, as the duties of the station wherein Providenco 
has placed hirq, and that benevolence which he owes to his fel- 
low creatures, will allow. It is on this principle that I steer my 
conduct, and form my way of living, which appears particular 
to many, as doubtless, Sir, you must have remarked during 
your stay at Brussels. But so long as it is prejudicial to no one, 
and whilst it secures me an interior peace, which I would not 
exchange for all the enjoyments which riches and ambition 
could give, I am little inclined to change it for that way of 
living which the world calls more ratlonsil than mine, though 
my best friends blame and reproach me for it. I do not mean 
to say by all this, that my way of life secures me from all rubs, 
and from being jostled now and then in the path of life, as well 
as others j but it makes me bear them with patience and tran- 
qoilltty, and to look upon them as pieces of bad road, which 
inevitably occur to every one in his journey to futurity, and which 
must be passed over whether we will or no. Such as these 1 call the 
repeated endeavours of several to supplant and asperse me in the 
esteem of the Heads of Government, by representing me as a ca- 
bailer and intriguer; and others to make the chief Prelates believe, 
diat I am without Religion, and a secret enemy to the Church. 
In short, hardly an obscure brochure or satire comes out of late, 
but my name is found in it. These, some would say, are rubs 
sufficient to merit resentment. Tis true ; and my resentment 
is, to despise them in silence, to walk on quietly, and as straight as 
I can, in the path of life, leaving my justitication to tjliat Di- 
rine Providence who sees what I am, who will bring every thing 
to l^t in due time, and in the end will completely rectify all. 
"£xcuse, my dear Sir, all the egotism which this letter contains, 
jwd which ill suits those sentiments 1 make profession of. Be it 


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was soon after inscribed with the name of one of his 
own daughters^ snatched away in the prime of life** 

as it may, I would not have said so much of myself and of my 
way of livings had it not been to pacify your fipelings on a suhh- 
ject which 1 do not think merits so much sensibility. 1 am at 
present fully persuaded, that themessage which made me drop 
fiurther connexions never came from you ; but before that, nay, 
long before I had the honbur of being pei-sonally acqi^nted 
with you, the uprightness as well as the sensibility of your 
heart attached me to you : the sentiments you saw at our first 
meeting was the real expression of it. Another reason joined : 
I thought you unhappy j for a great degree of sensibility must 
produce paininproportion^ and my heart is not insensible towards 
those that suffer. These, ray dear Sir, have been, and will con- 
tinue to be, my sentiments in your regard. 1 am obliged to 
you for that esteem which you testify for me; and how little 
soever I may merit ]t> I beg you will continue it me ; for the es- 
teem of every honest man is one of the goods of this life. When 
you see Governor Ellis and Mr. Bosville, I beg you would ssny 
all that is kind to them from me, and assure them of the sincere 
pleasure I shall have in seeing them in good health at their re- 
turn through Brussels. Believe me to be, with the greatest re- 
spect and esteem, Sir^ 

** Your most obedient, and very humble senant, T. A. Ma wn." 
'* At this period,*' says Governor Thicknesse, '' Abb^ Mann 
appears to be near 50 years of age, a gentleman of the most 
comely countenance, and above the ordinary size of men. He 
is at this time en bon point ; but he informed me, that some 
years back he was very corpulent, and so exceedingly aflSicted 
with the gout, that it was become almost ins.upportable, being 
unable to walk, and constantly, during the paroxysms, appre-' 
hensive of its attacking the vitals. Under these repeated and 
violent fits, he suffered so much, that he determined to try Dr. 
Storck*s hemlock medicine, and accordingly consulted his Ger- 
man Physician upon that subject. His Physician highly ap- 
proved of the resolution he had taken ; and the Abb^ began thid 
medicine by taking at first small quantities, and increasing the 
dose till he found the wonderful effects -, for he became less cor- 
pulent, escaped the usiial fits of the gout, and has now been 
some years perfectly free from it, and frequently walks three or 
four leagues in a morning by way of bodily exercise.*' See mors 
on this subject in Gent. Mag. LV. 978 i and Mr. Thicknesse'i 
statement of the case of Sir John Duntee, LVI. 108. 
* '' Some years since, I had scooped out a cave on the side of 
- the dingle, under the spreading roots of an ash tree, and turned 
a rude arch in front of it -, and there placed, cut in relief, the 
head of that wonderfid genius, with the following lines : 

' Sacred to the memory of Thomas Chattbrton. 
Unfortunate Boy ! 


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In 1785, Mr. Thicknesse publUhed ^^ A Letter to 
the Earl of Coventry,** 8vo; and in that jrear hecoin* 
menced his correspondence with Mr. Urban*, under 
the signature of Polyxena ; which he continued, 
under that oi A fVandereVy his own initials, and 
other designations*!^, till nearly the day of his death. 

Short and evil were thy days ; 

but the vigour of thy genius shall immortatize thee. 

Unfortunate Boy ! 

Poorly wast thou accommodated 

during thy short sojourning among us. 

Thou livedst unnoticed ; 

but thy Fame shall never die.* 

" Since which, the long, psunfiil, and hopeless illness of my 
daughter, which had worn her down to death, and her parents 
to such a deep sorrow, that (he idea of the procession of remov- 
ing her remains down the hill seemed to us but one remove less 
painful than that fatal remove between life and death ; and 
therefbre, as she was virtuous, dutifii], and not void of some 
genius, we have deposited her body beneath the only monumen- 
tal stone raised in Britain to the greatest genius Britain^ or per- 
haps any other nation under the sun, has produced. P. T.** 

* In June 1785, his humanity induced him to communicate 
to the publick ** an effectual Dissolvent for the Stone, then re- 
cently discovered by Mr. Bei\jamin Colbome, of Bath (father- 
in-law to Sir Matthew White Ridley), a man of ample fortune, 
of the utmost candour, and unbounded philanthropy.** See 
Gent. Mag. LV. 501 -, LVI. 450, 794; LVIL 44. 

t In L.VI. 107, is a very particular acpount by him, with a 
Plate, of an antient Monument discovered at Rheims. 

*' Mr. Urban, Oct. 1, 1785. 

'' It is said that Lord Orfbrd has a Mackaw that has laid eggs, 
and hatched. Now I can assure you, that Captain John Wil- 
lyams, late of Canterbury, a very respectable character, had a 
lauge Cock Mackaw many years in his possession, wbich laid 
several egg8j.-*-TwoCuckow8 are never seen together ; and there 
is much reason to believe that it b an hermaphrodite bird. Cer- 
tain it is that it never builds a nest, nor attends its young ; but 
leaves the propagation, or rather education, of its species to the 
hedge-sparrow, or some other small biiti. The young Cuckow 
has a fascinating power not much known ; but I once had a young 
Thrush and a young Cuckow together in the same cage ; and, as 
soon as the Thrush could feed himself, he constantly fed the 
Cuckow, so as even to starve himself to death. The ingenious 
Mr. Daines Barrington is extremely mistaken in his account of 
the Cuckow ; for, though it neglects to hatch or rear up its 

X This assertion led to a controversy on the tubject of Miracles with 
Dr. Milner and the Rev. Joseph Beriiigton. 


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In 1786, he gave a public testimonial of hi« vene- 
ration for Mr. Howard*, the Fisitor of Prisons ; 
whose merits he had duly noticed in his *^ Journev 
through the Pais Bas;" and in I787 paid a hand- 
some tribute of respect to a gallant Naval Officer-J-. 

of&pring, when the youii^g one is able to fly, the old one sits near 
him, teaches him hU language, ai^d then beats him out of the 
poor hedge-sparrow*s nest. No bird sings any note he has not 
heard from the Parent-bird ; not one black-bird among a thou* 
sand has the note known to bird-fanciers by the name of the shee 
jugg, because the parent-bird never utters that note after the 
month of Maix;h> and consequently it is a March bird that has it«** 

Philip Thicknessb." 

* " Mr. Urban, Hermitage, near Bath, July 2, 1786. 

" Though it has been my lot (1 will not say my happy loij to 
have lived with, and conversed much among, what ai*e geQerally 
called the great men of this Natipn ; yet 1 consider the greatest 
honour I have received, during a long and chequered life, to be 
a visit made me en per^onne by Mr. Howard -, his unsolicited name 
as a subsciiber to a poor peiformance of mine ; and a present of 
his owp immprta) deeds; deeds so fraught with benevolence, 
and told with such n^odesty, humility, and philanthropy, that 
he who can read them without feeling a reverential awe for the 
doer, must be unworthy of the name of man. I therefore send 
you a draft on Messrs. Hoare^ for one guinea, that 1 may con- 
tribute my mite towards the erection of a Statue to immortalize 
the person of Mr. Howard : his virtues and hb writings will im- 
mortalize his name. ] $un sorry to say it is inconvenient for me 
to do more -, yet, rather than the work should not be carried 
into immechate ei^ecution while the worthy and modest object 
of it is abroad^ you may call upon me for nine more ; for who 
would not put themselvf^ to some inconvenience to render re- 
spect to the memory (as Dr. Lettsom justly styles him) of the 
•od-lii;b HoNVARD? One Stately tree in my garden has long 
since borne his name on its rind : and may the hand wither, like 
its leaves in Autumn, who dares to erase it ! Polyxbna^** 

t "Mr. Urban, Jpril^O, 1787. 

*' As your Magazine records the lives, and deaths, of great 
and good men -, permit me to desire your insertion of the fol- 
lowing lines, which came into my hands without knowing the 
Author ; but a long acquaintance with the valuable subject ena- 
bles me to pronounce them a just tribute to the memory of one 
of the worthiest men, a long life, and a most extensive acquain- 
tance. Fate has thrown in my way. Sir Nigel Gresley, Bart, (who 
died April 17> 17S7> st 60) was, in his early days^ an Officer in 
the British Navy 5 and after the title and family estate devolved 
to him, he was one of those hospitable generous friendly 
oontry Gentlemen, of which this Nation (alas ! in these days) 
«aa boast of few remaining. 


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In 1787 he published his " Letter -to Dr. James 
Makittrick Adair,"" 8vo; and, in 1788, "Memoirs 
of the Life and Paintings of Mr. Gainsborough ;* 
and Two Volumes of "Memoirs* and Anecdotes 

'' Those generous hearts, that manty worth can charm, 
Which friendship and domestic virtues warm. 
Will here their sympathetic olF tings leave. 
Indulging sorrow at their Gresley's grave j 
For such he was as, in far better days. 
Were dauntless £ng)and*s pride, support, and praise > 
Brave, ARtLfiss, vprioht, hospitable, kind. 
The fairest copy of the ancient mind -, 
A life revered, lii bounteous goodness past, 
0*er his high trac*d descent congenial lustre cast f. 
** Sir Nigel is succeeded by his only son, and represented by 
a numerous i^d beautiful offspring of lovely daughters. P. T.*' 

* In these *' Memoirs,** which are a collection of those anec* 
dotes and shrewd observations with which the Collector had long 
amusfid the world, Mr. Thicknesse goes on to relate such anec- 
dotes of his early life at Jamaica as had been misrepresented 
by Dr. Adair ; and, like other communicative people, '" whose 
kings have been in respiration upwards of 6S years," intermixes , 
otbtt* stories, of Chancellor Thurlow 5 'Squire W. of Wiltshire ; 
Mrs. Thicknes8e*s favourite parrot; a miniature, presented, 
with some difficulty, to the Queen (a story in which Mr. Dutens 
acts a principal part) ; George I. and Col. Kempenfeldt | Admi- 
rals Medley and Buckle ; Dr. Dodd, and his projected escape ; a 
Seijeant shot for desertion ; the &mous Mr. St. Andr^ and Mary 
Tofts J an itinerant Player 5 Lord Coventry and the Monk of 
Montaenrat -, and a few remarks on Libels and Slavery — a sub- 
ject on which l^r. Thicknesse thought his contemporaries 
were making more haste than good sp^ : " That Englishmen, 

f ** Sir Ni^el Oretley," says another Correspondent, ** possessed a cha- 
racter that ou^bt not to be passed by with one eulogiuro, however juic, 
and with one testimony of public regret, however sincere. The nature 
of tkit Baronet was fpood-nSture. He was a kind husband, a tender fa- 
ther, a sealous friend, an hospitable neighbour. He was brave without 
boasting, and was just such a man as Sterne describes bis unele Toby, to 
whose kindness the weak would fly for protection. His manners were 
simple and unaffected, not such as are formed by the dancing-master, or 
acquired in a foreign tour. They were far better, and had a nobler 
souree, for they sprung from an excellent heart. He had a soul for sym- 
pathy, and a tear for pity. His form, indeed, was robust beyond com- 
mon appearance { but his dispositions were mild, generous, and unsus- 
pecting. It was rather a difficult matter to make him think ill, and it 
was very easy to persuade him to think well, of others. These, and their 
associate virtues, bad, in some part of his life, involved him in difficulty 
and inconvenience. Indeed, cold, inanimate prudence might say, that 
inch qualities are not fomaed for what is caUed the prosperity of this 
world ; and it may be true ; but they wiU stand him in g^oi^eid in that 
world whither he is gone. While his faroUy lament, and his friends 
regret his loss, a distant and forgotten admirer of his character lays an 
huBibla tribatt of regard upon his grave " 


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of Philip Thicknesse, late Governor of Land-guard 
Fort; and, unfortunately, Father to George Touchet 
Baron Audley.** 

who boast of more freedom than perhaps they possess, should 
comitenance Slavery, is a shame 5 but that th^ have taken the 
matter up all at onoe, with too much ardour (and perhaps too 
it originated with some sinister views) there can be no doubt 
That the Negroes are a species of the human race, I cannot 
deny j but that they are an inferior, and a very different order 
of men, I sincerely believe. I have seen and convei'sed much 
with them in what we call their state of Slavery ; and yet, by 
living long with them in the Island of Jamaica, it never was my 
lot to see those acts of cruelty and oppression with which the na- 
tive white men of those climates are now accused. Warmth of 
temper the climate certainly conveys to them ; but it b euxompamed 
with generosity and humanity in a great degree ; and the lives of 
their Slaves ap))ear in my eyes much preferable to the whits 
slaves among us ; for what else are the Day-labourers of England, 
Ireland, and Scotland } They indeed serve a variety of Masters 
instead of one ; but does that mend their condition } There is 
an old Negro servant now living at Bath, to whom I put the 
following questions : ' Do you know the condition of your 
countrymen in Slaveiy in our West India Islands V ' I do, very 
well.* — ' Do you know the condition of the Day-labourers in this 
country V ' 1 do, pei*fectly.* — ' Then put your hand to your 
bosom, and tell me, truly, which of the two kinds of life you 
wpuld prefer, were you to live your time over again V ' That 
of Slavery,' said he, ' ten to one.* — If a race of Blacks were to 
be placed imder the Frigid Zone, they would continue as black 
as under the Torrid. The bile of the N^ro is black j that of 
the white man yellow ; but there are many other proo& of their 
being a very distinct race of the human kind. Do the Indians 
of North America, or any Nation under the sun, besides the 
Negroes, traffic in human flesh ? The condition of the Negroes 
of our Islands in Slavery is preferable to their freedom in their 
own, if a life of perpetual fear of the hands of the greatest and 
cruelest tyrants upon the earth can be called freedom. Do the 
advocates for Slavery believe, that, if a gentleman emancipated 
his whole plantation of slaves to-day, ami desired their labour 
for hire to-morrow, to cut down his canes, &c. they would 
serve him ? If they do, they are mistaken ; not one of them 
would : and if they were to come to this country, which God 
and the P^liament forbid, no man would ever set them either 
hedging, ditching, or plougldng. Did any man ever see a Ne- 
gro in England at work ? 1 never did, except now and then to 
serve the mason or bricklayer with mortar. They would be 
either domestic servants, or street beggars; and the English 
nation would, in another century, degenerate into a race of 
Portuguese. If they are to be free, let it be to return to their 


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In the second volume, dated Dec. 25, 1788, Mr. 
Hiicknesse again appears before the pablick* in tba 

own country, not to this. The prudent poKcy of the French 
nation should not be overlooked. They will not sufier a N^ro 
to land in their kingdom ; therefore we shall soon be peopled 
with them from all quarters. The giving freedom to the Negro, 
and giving up the West India Islands, are synonymous terms. 
If we give them freedom, and compel them to work/ they are 
no longer free 5 and while the earth there will produce yams, 
plantains, cocoes, &c. Negroes will only plant them. White 
men cannot bear the violence of the sun in those climates, e^n 
without labour ; but God has given the Negroes hair to protect 
them from the coupdusoleiL — ^The manner of their being brought 
down the rivers of Africa, some 100 miles, their package one 
upon another, and the cruel treatment on the way by their own 
complexion^ tjrants, is too dreadfril to relate ; but it is con- 
trary to the interest, and I hope to the disposition, of our Gui- 
nea traders in general, to treat them cruelly on ship-board. 
Here and there white tyrants arise, whose delight it may be to 
extirpate whole nations. This nation has set Mr. Pitt, by their 
numerous Petitions in fi^vour of the Blacks, a most arduous task; 
for, gT'anting it, he must ruin the West India Islands; and, de- 
clining it, he may rouse the Negroes into a general rebellion, 
as they all now consider the whole British Empire are united in 
wisfaii^ to set them free. I have seen the slaves of the West 
Indies, and the slaves of the galleys 5 but the veriest slaves I have 
ever seen are the day-labourers of England and Ireland, and the 
til-work maid-servants of London. Wliile such a hue and cry 
is made about the freedom of Black Slaves, hundreds of free-born 
Englishmen are actually in slavery under the Barbarian Moors in 
Africa, who are not thought of. There are in our West India 
Islands, particularly in Jamaica, a great number of free Negroes 
and Mulattoes, who possess Slaves of their own ; and it is among 
them only cruelties are exercised.'* 

* In the second volume he introduces the following anecdote : 
" Lady Mary Touchet, a beautifiil English woman, and sister to 
my late wife, made her first appearance at a Ball at I^u-is, given 
by the Pretender just before his expedition in Scotland, in the 
year 1745. The Prince, not only attracted by her personal 
charms, but being the sister to an English Catholic Peer, took 
her out as his partner; and before they parted, he communicated 
to her whither he was going, and the importance of his expe- 
£tion. 1 cannot tell, but I can easily conceive, to what a pitch 
of enthusiasm a beautiful young English woman, of the same 
religious principles, and so particularly honoured at that time, 
might be led to say upon so trying an occasion ; but, whatever it 
were, he instantly took a penknife from his pocket, ript the star 
from his breast, and gave it her as a token of his particular re- 
gain I and I doubt not that she concluded such an external marie 


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character of a man of great sensibility — b sotne Id^ 
stances very ill used — but no respecter of persons { 

of his psrtialityy bad he suoceeded, was given as a prelude ta 
the ofler of a more precious jewel, which had laid under the star 
within his bosom. As that beautiful woman died at the age of 
90, the star fell into the lap of her sister ; and, as she soon afler 
fell into mine, I became possessed of tluit inestimable badge ct 
distinction, together with a fine portrait of the Prince by Hussej. 
Being a Whig, and a military man, I did not think it right to 
keep either of them in my possession ; and a simple old Jacobite 
lady offered me a considerable sum of money for them } but» 
having three nieces, whose fether had lived in intimacy with 
the late Sir John Dolben, I presented both to them, and I be- 
lieve that yaluable relick of the departed Prince Chu-les is now 
in the possession of Mrs. Uoyd, my eldest niece, and wife of 
the present Dean of Norwich. Lady Mary Touchet was the 
first woman who appeared in England in a French dress, about 
the year 1748, which was then so particular, t^atshe never 
went out at Bath, the place of her constant residence, without 
being followed by a cix)wd ; for at that time the general dress of 
France was deemed so oulrS in this country, that in most ^es 
it diminished the charms of both her fece and person, which she 
otherwise had the utmost claim to^ She daiu^ on the Friday 
night ball, and died the Sunday following. A bdy, who assisted 
in laying her out, told me she could scarcely believe she was 
dead ; for that she never saw so much beauty in life, and that 
•he exceeded in symmetry even Titian's Venus. That this un- 
fortunate man was in London about the year. 1754, I can yosh^ 
tively assert. He came hither contrary to the opinions of' his 
friends abroad ; but he viras determined, he said, to see the Ca- 
pital of that Kingdom over which he thought himself bom to 
reign. After being a few days at a lady's house in Essex Street 
in the Strand, he was met by one who knew his person, in 
Hyde Park, and who made an attempt to kneel to him. This 
circumstance so alarmed the lady at whose house he resided, 
that a boat was procured the same night, and he returned in-' 
stantly to France. Monsieur Massac, late Secretary to the Dc^ 
de Noailles, told me he viras sent to treat with the F^ce relative 
to a subsequent attempt to invade England. M. Massac dioed 
with him, and had much conversation on the subject | but ob- 
served that he was rather a weak man, bigoted to his religion, 
and unable to refrain from the bottle, the only benefit, he said» 
he had acquired by his expedition among his countrymen in Scot- 
land. Mr. Segrave, an Irish officer with only one arm, formerly 
well Jcnown at the Coj^ie de Cond at Pkris, assured me that he 
had been with the Prince in England between the years 1745 
and 17&6, and that they had laid a plan of seizing the person of 
the King (George the Second) as he returned from the Play, by 
ft body ^ Irish chairmen^ who were to knock the servants from 


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Mid at the end of it advertizes his H^mAtage near 
Bath, for sale, on June 15, 1789. 

behind lus coaeh> extingukh the lights, and create conftiticm | 
while a party canied the King to the water-side, and hurried 
hiia away to France. It is certain that the, late King often re- 
turned fixMn the Theatres in so private a manner tlutt such an 
attempt was not imprac^caUe *, fbr what could not a hundred 
or two desperate yillains eflfect, at eleven oVlock at night, in any 
of the public streets of London ? Ten minutes start would do 
it ; and they could not have foiled of a much greater length of 
time. He also told me that they had more than 1 500 Irish diair- 
men, or that class of people, who were to assemUe oppo si te the 
Duke of Newcastle's house in Lincoln's Inn FieklB tlM instant 
thiy heard any particular news relative to the Pretender. I can- 
not vouch for the truth of this story 5 but it may be ri^t to re- 
late it ; to prevent such an attempt, should any other PMendcr 
itart up, for I have the best authority to say such a thing is 
practicable, and that a person was taken off in broad day-light, 
and in the middle of a laige city, though under the protection 
of an Enfflish Msjor and seven old French women, and that too 
by an individuaL There are many people now living at South- 
ampton who remember that transaction. It was not a King, it 
is true, who was taken off, nor was it a man $ but before the 
surfMize of the Major and his female party were over, the Lady 
was far out oi theu* reach.*' 

''Mr.URBAv, Baih,JMly% 1788. 

" I had the honour to be nearly related to Mr. Justice Blei^ 
cowe, the &ther of Mr. William Blencowe, who was the first 
penon to whom Government allowed a salary as decypherer } 
and I will tell you how he obtained it ; it was by going to the 
Minister unknown, and, I believe, imrecommended, and asking 
for it. The Minister, surprised, asked him, what pretensions 
be, a stranger, had to ask such a boon of bira ? ' Because, Sir/ 
lakl he, ' I am qusdified to execute it.' ' Can you,* said the 
Minister, ' then decypher these two iettex-s' (for the want of 
a decypherer of those letters occasioned the proposed recom- 
pence). Mr. Blencowe soon returned with the letters properly 
decyptoned, and had the employment, and, I think, two or three 
boiknd pounds a year. He was soon after seized with a violent 
fever, from which no man could have shewn more anxiety to 
get over, and did so -, but soon relapsed, and shot himsdf, having 
pieviously written sn inscription for his monument (see p. 980.) 
The gcxxl old Judge, his fiither, outliving his foculties, conceived 
that he had found out the Longitude, and wrote several reams of 
piper upon that subject ; and his dutiful son, the Decypherer, 
mher than tell his fother it was all absurdity, was at the j^ns of 
cofiylng all he had written out, to be laid before the Peurliament. 
The Judge too had bequeathed a considerable part of the reward, 
in lus will, to a sister of mine. Some time before he died, he told 
his old trus^ servant that be was dead, and bid John lay him out. 

Vjol. VL T John, 

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In l7aj^M^.lThfcki»ciKilK>:pablM»d 
discovered'* [in the person <rf Mr. HorneTdoke]. 

/•Jbi,whi>kMwh]8ltiin, kUhlMoiiti^od^^ «mI after 

hehadlain otd^iUlfivaoiiietiaie* Jo^obierv«d;thttb^ 
his Honour tvAs odmiiog^ intortife' again i tbe lodge tiioa^ so 
too, and soon after 4iro$€ from the detsi, H^ dMl, liowerer. In 
laalUy about tbe year 17^>terlwell mnenbifgokigtoafeeliis 
laadcoflBdaiftBcadcky. Andiiiiae, K&r^lMan/tetfbegfre^fdu'm 
tpedmeiiofUs head and hkheartMbteWs fbiHddes Mt Irim. 
An okl Biluif who had beeni a hMMT of stolMt for tfete jud^ many 
yeion, tt«edto be Upwaids'of ninefy, and (br^ome years had 
diily stxxkd the stones instead of rendering them fit Ibr use. 
Lady Bleneowe, pencri^nng \t, 4leslred the Jud|;e to confinae 
himhise^fllb^-^eacead^, andlethim'8tayat'ho£e. 'Nd, do/ 
•aid theJttdge> 'tethimspoilonj he has a pleasal^e In Mnldng 
he earns his dbaly bread at foonoore years and fen: btit, if you 
turn him off> he will toon die with grief.* And that was die 
case) iat, ndnn the Judge died^ he wdi discharged, and In- 
lawed his humane and eonudsrate ^master a few days after. 
Though this account of Mr. Wiliiain Blenoowe does not talfy 
with Dr. Wallis's escaetly^ I am confident all the Blencowe ihmily 
of Marsiton related it as I have done. P. Thickksssb.** 

'' Mr. UakAv, Bath, Nw, 8, 1788. 

" Your Correspondent T. A. S. (LVIIL 858) who supposes me 
to have been Mofortmaie, and who calU upon met&be thankfid 
thai I never taw those crueliiei of broken bmet,. and heat-out eyes, 
among the Slaves in Jamaica, is again informed, that I never did 
see any such cruelties exnciBed in that Island $ nor do I bdieve 
any such practices do, or ever did, prevail there : nor does he, I 
thmk, treat what 1 have said with candour; for why does he skip 
over the assertion of a sensible old Negro, now livii^ in this City, 
who says, the life of a Black Slave in the West Indies is ten times 
preferable to that of an English Day<4abourer ? I am an enemy 
to hlavery of every kind« and have said so; but nevertheless I 
assert, that the life of a Day-labourer, in England, Scotland, 
and Ireland, is a life, in my opinion, infinitely worse than the 
life of Slaves in Jamaica. I speak only of that Island : 1 know 
no other where land, in my time, was plenty, provisions in 
abundanee^ and numey cheap | virtiere a Black barber brought hit 
silver basen to shave n!to, and required two hits (fifteen pence) 
for his labour. And I do assert, that I have seen ten times worn 
punishneats inflicted upon/r«e-6oni EngHshmen, in the capacity 
of Soldiers (I anil not eait them Slaves), in St. James's Parii. and 
elsewhere, than I ever saw inflicted upon Sla%'fs in Jamaica, llis 
Planters in Jamaica are not such fools as to break the hones and 
heat out the eyes of their servants. It is oontrary to their interest, 
and, I believe, as contrary to their dispositions. Punish them, 
ffhen they commit feuUs, they do ; and so do we punish Ereemen, 
I have observed too, that most of the gentlemen who have been 
active in promoting the emancipation of Slaves, are least ac- 


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MR. PHILIP TfilCK^EStt. S75 

fa the Autumn of 1780, happening to reside^a 
few weeks in the neighbourhood of Hythe, and ob- 
serving a deserted barn at Sandgate, a small village 

foainted with those countries, or the condition of Slavery. I 
hare no interest in Slaves, nor in Sugar-works— no, nor a friend 
who has. What I have said is my i^Ed sentiments, which truth 
and <x»]ar observations justiiy; and therefore I expect to be 
bdieved. Lord Carlisle observed, last Session, in the House 
d( Lords, that now the Jamaica Ranters were /orminf Law$ £bi^ 
tourable to the Blacks, and had made it death for a White man 
to murder a Bbck one. To which I have the best AUTBoftiTT to 
huMish'the reply of that great Officer, and humane man. Lord 
kodney. . He assured Lord Carlisle, tiiat he was present upon 
the Bench, many years ago, i4rhen the Captain of a ship was tried 
in Jamaica for the murder of a Negroj and that the Captain 
was condemned, and hanged, with Uie approbation of the whole 
Court, ft is observable, throughout all the creation, that there 
are inferior classes of aQ anjmals, from the tiger to the cat : and 
it is my opinion, that Black men are an inferior race of human 
creatures; infinitely ii^ferior to the Bed Indiim of America : cer^ 
tain it is, they are the only men who traffick publickly in human 
iesh. But, whatever their condition be, they should be treated 
with humanity ; aiid to such treatment I ^ve often been an eye- 
witness ; and I declare, I never saw one Negro in Jamaica that 
was treated otherwise. Surely then, I have as good right to say 
«o, at those who have been so unfortunate to see the contrary, I 
do not doObt thehr assertions^ nor have they any right to insinuate 
thstt mine are untrue, unless they can prove that fhave advanced 
Iktehoods. They write under initials, I under my real name. 

'^ I soon expect to see a pamphlet published, in which^ it will 
be insinuated, that our West India Planters cut off both the 
hands of afi their Field Negroes, and the feet of their Domes* 
fic9. Would not that be a better mcfthod than breaking their 
bona, and knocking out their eyes ? — ^All the Negroes in Januuc% 
even in that hot country, meet after their work is over, and aro 
abte and vrilUng to dance for hours, in actions and attitudes as 
vi(4ent as they are indecent. Do we see the Day-labourers in 
England either able or wQling to undertake such feats? If 
men are happy (and I think ^he Qreole N'egroes are perfectly so), 
it does not much signify how theliappiness is obtained. With 
all the boasted freedom of Britain, a Frenchman's life is prefer- 
able' to an Englishman's. — ^Tell your correspondent B. S. (LVIIL 
855 i and see p. 1 157) that I apprehend the Bills of M<ntality are 
not sufficient vouchers j Disaanten, Jews, &c. are not, I betteve» 
inserted : beside, i did not mean to confine my ofaaervatton to 
this healthful little island of Britain (a mite upon a cheese, in 
comparison to the whole worid), but to the lot of humanity upo» 
the £ace of it. Nor indeed merety ta life, without the use of limbs 
and faculties i and therefore 1 do still think, that not one ipan 

T ^ in 

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on the sea coast, he immediately purchased the Wn, 
which he transformed into a convenient cottage, 
commanding a view of France ; where, on a clear day, 

in fifty thousand arrive9 to the age of seventy in a condition to 
eiyoy life, but rather to lament that they have lived so long. P.T/ 
" Mr. Urban, Jan, 3, 1789. 

" I perfectly agree with Mr. M'Neil (LVIII. 1093). He ha» 
nven a just and candid account of the state of Shivery in the 
Island of Jamaica, and of the true disposition of the African 
Blacks. 1 only difier with him in one point $ and that is, to 
obsene, that I left Jamdca in the year 1740 ^ and therefore I can 
say, the conduct of the Islanders to their Slaves was as humane 
then as it is now 5 and the condition of the slaves then, in mj 
humble opinion, infinitely better than the multitude of the lik> 
bouring roor in Britain. One race$ indeed, are/re€^6oni Slaoes, 
the other base-bom -, but, as both are in reality Slaves, 1 do not 
go so far-a field to exercise the little services I can shew to my 
own countrymen. Philip Tbicknsssb.** 

Mr. UiBAN, HermUage, Feb. S, 1789. 

'' I ame with you (LVIII. 1186), that either Mr. Robert 
Davis * unposed upon Dt. Dodd, or ihtX Dodd wm wiUimg to be 
imposed vpon, relative to the MSS. found in Lord Masbam's 
Library at Otes being Mr. Locke*8, and not, as they really were, 
Di*. Ciidworth^s ; yet I have good reason to believe there were 
many loose papers among them of Mr. Locke*s band-writing. 
Davis sbewea me those papers before Dodd had seen themj and 
1 prevailed upon him to give me one single sheet, bdieving thnu, 
ai I do now, that it was of Mr. l>ocke*8 own hand It was The 
Teil 0/ 2Vv!/a, and very like Mr. Locke*s manner $ the hand was 
rather like an unsettled school-boy*s, but large and very plmin f. 
I sent that paper, with an original Letter otSir FYandb Wind^ 
bank^s % toChailes I. to Dr. Kcnnicott at Oxford, and dmred tfaey 
might be deposited in the Radclifie Library. I think he was then 
tlie Librarian.— The Doctor seemed delighted with the papers $ 
but I am afraid he neglected to place them in the Lilwaiy, as I 
have often enquired about them without success. I hope, tbere- 
Ibre, those m whose hands these papen fiell, willfhlfiU the ijaleo- 
tion of the deceased, and the will of the donor. The Letter to the 
King was long, and retj mter^^tiag ; it was dated from Ihmry- 
hne, sent to the Kiiig at York, and wrote wkh broad maigias, 

• Th« MSS. were mircbaMd Iraai Loid MMhani by Mr. RoUrt Dwrii» 
iken a Bookseller in Piccadilly 1 by whom they were offeved to Dr. Lsir, 
afUrwsrdt Bishop of Csriitle, who published Locke's Works 1 but» tedtaf 
theos to bt Cndwortb's, and sot Locke's, Dr. Law dbcUned the porehtft. 
aCr.RobeK Davis soon after retired liNNBbMiiiess to reside at BaiiMs; 
aad Dr. Dodd's IHbie, iliustiatedbjCudwoiili'saMss waspvUbhedly 
ilr. Lodyrer for Davis of Holbom. 

t Mr. Lockers hnd was* small one, aottttJll like the descriptioQ Ma 
Thlekntsse cives of it. 

t pee anoOitr Letter from Sir PMndsWtodtbarikytknt. M^.X}nr.7a. 


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the steeples of Bouloeoe mig^t be readiljr discofered 
^j a good glass, while the hills around it were very 
iearly discernible to every common observer. 

fyr the Kii)ff*8 reply, who retimwd it thus preftcei» ' Yours 
ap^iiUed: &r Rrands informed the Kiog. that his CbunciU I 
think, had co n sented to give tlie cidzene powder> and an in* 
creaee of men. I recollect the Kii^, in rqity to thi^ part, aayt^ 
'This wss very unadTisedly done J therefore by some bandsoOMB^ 
pretence stay the giving them powder, and fikewlse an increase 
ci their men/ And 1 recollect there wete mai^ of the King^s 
remarks which seemed to me superior to his Coiaaeirs proposi* 
tions. I hare often repented that I parted with eithsr of thdse 
pBipers, and more so that I did not get possession of a hu^ 
trunk of papers belonging to Lord Qarendon, fkom whence I 
bad the Kii^*s letter, and other curious papers, then in the pos« 
session of a Country Attorney, who would have parted with tbetn 
for a trifle ; for, though I was a stranger to him, he gave me Sir 
nancis Windebank*s Letter, and a Warrant of Charles IL to 
boROW two hundred pounds from any of his loring sul^ects, and 
therein promised to repay it when God should endde him so to 
do. It was ivritten by Secretary Nicholas, and signed and soiled 
bytheKiK. That Warrant I gave to Richard Whitw<Mrth, Esq. f 
Who was afterwards in Peurliament -, but 1 do not know whether 
H 18 the present gentleman of that name. P. Thickmbssb.'* 
'' Air. Urban, HemUage, Feb. 5, 1789. 

'' If I attempted to be witty, in reply to your anonymous ooiv 
respondent T. A. S. he is less excuseable by being seriously angry 
wkhme (LVIII. 1148) 5 but may I not ask, whether transacdons 
horrid to relate do not arise between e^uolf, inEnehmd, Scotland, 
andlrdand? Eyes have been beaten out, wad bonei have beei^ broken, 
in other countries beside Jamaica. But now Mr. T. A. S. has 
fixed the stigma pariicularly on that hland, and makes use of Mr. 
Ciaricson's name to support what he does not choose to advance 
wider his own. If I am not mistaken, Mr. T. A. S. was very 
latelv at Bath, where he might have seen the old Negro whom 
be ciiose to foiget in his former letter ; and if his object alone is 
truth, he wmild have seen him. He did see me, and betrayed 
by his confosion that he has not acted candidly; nay, that he 
does not live In Christian charity with me. I have long knoim 
bim, and always esteemed him and all his fomily, and do so 
BtiD i yet when I kindly asked him to see my humble and seques- 
teined little habitation, he made a lame excuse ;— and yet, a few 
days siter, 1 caught him taking a surr«p<i<ioiM view of it from an 
a4|acent field.-— Mr. T. A. S. says, I harp upcm the broken bomeo 
and beat-out eyet. I do so. It is folly in extreme serioudy to 
believe such idle stories : but does not he harp also upon the 
rektions of dUmterested persons ? does not that language mean 
to indnuate, that I am an interested person? I have said 
before, that I have neither property nor connexion in Jamaica, 
norinanyofour West India settlements 5 no, norevenasin^ 


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«78 . ^4JWU»V A^wppc«v- 

I: £^|y in ITSP he fNMiiedMi|ie,w/^« at hut mtiiN9 
village ia No^amptonshire, whefe be received tha 

Correspondent : and therefore, I will maintain it^ there cannot 
be a mora dmiU€r$gU4 peiBontban flOB^et^ A matibqf o£ 011^^ 
ifnportanoe 84 the e^poanqipatio^ ol.SlAyep.sboMtd ^t have afi-r 
'p«ared in the pub]i4^ prints i for if thopa humane advocatea 1^ 
it d<> not sufipieed (mi I aanwe.them thfy wiU not), then thef 
baye laid tbe.feiundation of scencm ^0 horrid ta r^iaU. When 
th^ Negroes find that our Laws do not give them the libei^ 
they havf) bf)^ loc^ expecting, they vnU use lawleu meatu to 
obtain it. I maided a consideiiable time uppn Mr. Baooet's sugai^ 
work estate^ near Port-Maria Bay, in the parish of St^ Maryjis 
I was one of the fomily, and a daily spectator of the works and 
oianagewent of the Negioes ; an« I solemnly declare^ that I 
never saw or beacd of a cruel action, or unkind treatment, buit 
tfii one single Negro upon that Plantation, durii^ myTeaideaee 
jlheie^ and yet those who knew Mr. Basnet would ba;ve thoM^ 
i. man of his violent temper as liable as most umui toh^ve tj^mth 
pessed. He did indeed once stoke an old valuable Slave loo 
hard, the particutas of which I have elsewfaiBre related, und 
fhow^ with what conc^em and affliction the whole family wem 
affidcted at his deathi «nd with whait expressions of kindnese and 
flection to his Master the Slave closed his life.— 4 had once the 
command of $eveQt|r Negroes> to fetch prori^ons to the barraekff 
at mraairs Thickets, and had ordered the Black Drlvav to whip 
ope<^ themipra,£Builthehadoom9Qltted, The Driver ti^ him 
t^ aladderi and, upon the first strdce of the wtup^ I thought i| 
pQ severe,, jsod bid him desist* Ki Massa, said the DriveTj jf^ii 
five hiM bUi4,lsixQ^i^fiG\, he tote « iQ9en iuch. Those who w o ul d 
s«ek for scenes too horrid to relate should visit the estalf^Jbe- 
Ipogi^g to Free N^pe$. .Th^re^ indeed, I have beenHss6«ured« 
htfAs^ cruelties aije^ often exercised. I never knew a Negro y«9l 
who could bear power $ nor I never saw any, ia the oooditimi 
of Slavery, such object^ of pity as the very poorest sort of ^^Atlst 
in England and Ireland, and I might add Scotl^d* 1 .:6ee by 
some letters from Jamuca, with wluit indignation they speak ^ 
those people. among us who are false acciiser#; for be fllatduedi 
Mr. Urban, if you, or even they, were to visit thos0 lstond»ai» 
you would find them an hoipUable, brace, gmeg(mei asid a Ahimmi 
racQ of people. Such I found them more than fittf fBtnaei^fmt 
and such, J am persuaded, they are at this d«v« . I would hB^ 
been silent upon this matter, but that I.thhuc IS^rm^^Jif^di 
very &tal consequeoce^y. whkh may arise from the Kell jarjnt 
but ill-conducted .measures tp put an end to a pracjtloe which 1 
$Uow is,^ncbristian-]ike, and very improper for Eii§kthmen to 
eqgage in. Is^y Ei^lishmen ; for in other coon^riee moat m«fi, of 
every complection^ are slaves to a lew tlespotic Princes. Ami im^j 
once for all, hovvever, sharp my accusers are upon me« .1 f&aU 
besilent^ till they do^ as 1 have done^ sign their rekftaBitt.. P. T." 
t VMr, 

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M8U fmiUF THICWaifK. S79 

cMlttm from CaptamCropl^shauks, which ounces ' 
m considerable figure ifi the Third Vohime of bis 
Memoirs*;* dated " $ai^te Barq, Ap^il 1, 179^" 

'' Mr. Ukban, Jan. 11, 1790. 

'^Bein^ lately at Dcmr, 1 inquired after C&arle§ Mitehel (LIX. 
1000)5 mMlfii»d lie was iiotHaiixiurHinaBten lmteiBpl#9[^ 
a flag on the Soath pier-head;^ as a sign^ w^ea.t(isi||) Vai^wattr 
aulfioent for vessels to enter the Harbour^ While he was in this 
employ^ he found by experiencei in veiy, temp^tuo^ iyeather> 
that ships, in endeavouring to enter the mouth, of thf H^ihour^ 
wane frequently driven behind the ^eads^ and sometime wrecked, 
if the^sailoTS on board could not t^ow a rope to the pepple/itafd- 
iiLg on the Head, to make fast to the capstan. Mitehel v^ 
wisely concluded, a small line, sufficient to draw a rppeto hiia 
fSrom the ship, might he tWown ferther, standing upon the 
liigbest part of the Head, down to a ship, than a largp rope could 
be thrown up from the s^ip to the Head ; and he provided a line 
which he used to keep coiled up ready for use, uu) which was 
cmDed his JJ/e-Unet as it ms found by experience to hi^ve been 
serviceable in preserving ships and Uvea. — I find also there is an 
alms-house at Dover, as mentioned by your Correspondent, for 
kodgingipoor soldiers and s^unen ; but I cannot find the revenue 
is very large, nor is the number of beds near so many as ha 
mentions. The Mayor for the time being is said to be the Master 
of the house ; and some of the Members of the Corporation, 
gardens and Treasurer^ but an old woman, or a potM* family^ 
is generally put-in, who have been suftred to let the apurtmenta 
10 mmates. I am told applications for the admission of poov 
scd^n and sailors are not often attended with success. P. T.** 
''Jllr. Urbaw, J%6. is, 17W. 

'.' l^nd you, as a curiosity^ an original Letter, address^, if^ 
1749, t)y ^ the late Chevalier ^* under the assumed title of Royaltj^ 
to a Lady Abbess fleetwood^ sister or aujat tp, Sir T^oppas, i^ 
then Baronet of that name at Martin Sands> Qieshire. P. 1\** 
" Pot the Lady Abbess [Fleetwood] of the English Benedictin 
Nuns at Dunkirk. 

Roiine, January ^, 174(9^ , 

''Ibaveisecdved your letter of the ist of this month; ^id 
thank you yery kindly, and your wort% communis, for the. 
doty you express towards, me, fof your gpo4 wisha^ on the neir*" 
year» iand for your good prayers for me, and my &mily^ to the 
continuation of which I recommend qu^ves j, and I desi^ t^ 
you and your oommui^ty may be 9^9ured ol m ftYoiir and f^ 
tection iip^i.^]} prop^ occasiens, ai^yours^of the partiail^ 
rtgi^ and oonskleraUoa I have for ypu. Jajcss R.*' 

; « To this Volume is |irefixe4 1^ Portr^t of Mr. T|uckn^sse, set 
the age of' 70.^- And m the following moi^th appeared^, firqia 

•^ Whattf Hiifnaliin mtA ieal are ftcc tt r t tclv copied h| Gtnt. Mar. M«r^ 
nsto, VOL LX liTattlU. ri^. S, S. 


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The daily sight of the Continent, in time, be- 
came infectious ; and in 1791 he described himself 
as *^ preparing to do what he had intended the pre- 
ceding Summer ; to set out for Paris — ^a journey far 
preferable, to see the tvrangling there, than staying 
to wransle here with an old superannuated tiero 
[Crookshanks*], and a mad Doctor [Makittrick] .*• 

die inimitable James Gillray, a Portrait^ inscribed, ** Lieut. Go- 
vernor Gall-Stone, inspired by Alecto ; or. The Birth of Minerva. 
*' From his head she sprung a Goddess ann*d. M iltok.** 

There is also a lai^ Caricature, containing aUusions to Mr; 
Thicknesse's Life and Publications. And I have heard of a For- 
trait with these Lines underneath, but have never seen it : 
*' They say, I *m a quarrelsome Fellow, — 

G— nd r — t it, why, how can that be ? 
For I never quarrel with any j 
But all the World quarrels with me.'* 
"Mr. Ueban, Farthmgoe, May 95, IT90. 

" I send you a copy of my relation Mr. Blencowe's monu- 
mental inscription, in Marston St. Laurence church, North- 
amptonshire. This ingenious man died by his own hands 1 and 
the last six words were, by his awn desire, placed where they now 
are, on a very beautiful monument of white marble. 

^' Near this place lies the body of William Blenoowe, third son 
vf Sir John Blencowe, knt. bom Jan. 1682, deceased Aug. the 
95th, 1719. A man studious of many kinds of Learning, par- 
ticularly of the Common Law, which he professed and practised^ 
with reputation ; and of the art of Decyphering Letters, wh^rdn 
he excelled, and served the publick for ten yean : Taken firom 
the fruit of all his labours, in the beginning of his hopes, in the 
best age of a man*s life, and in a ftmtune that promised most of 
the good things which this world yields -, ?ie <Ued, however, saiis^ 
fied of lifer [See Bridges*s Northamptonshire, 1. 183.] 

'' June 8. No, Mr. Urban, the late Dr. Thidcnesse (who was 
a Roman Catholick) was not the Ralph Hiicknesse concerned in 
the humourous transaction wherein Doctors Battle and Banks 
were hummed with the black-rash story. — If an account of the very 
best Qhost which ever made its appearance in England be worthy 
of re-appearing in your Magazine^ I will raise it It appeared 
for several years, but very seldom, only in the church pordi at 
Kilncote, in Leicestershire, and was discovered by a lady now 
living, and then the Rector's wife. It was not a ghost that could 
appear ad UbUum 5 sometimes it did not appear for four lears. 
The lady determined to approach it; and the nearer she advanced, 
the more confident she was that the substance or shade of a hu- 
man figure was befbre her. P. T.** 

^ The Third Volume of Mr. Thickne88e*sMem<HncMtaiiistka 
Challenge, and a long Dedication to this Captain, (who had aaikd 


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He accordind^ visited Faris^ at an early period 
of the French Keyolattonar|rphreiizy*; and con- 
tinued some time at Cahtis^ in the Hotel fimnerly 

^tli bim from Jamaica in 1739, and died March ^, 1798, «t. 85); 
his own first and second Marriages -, Anecdotes oflus BMh^iGeorg*, 
of some extraordinary Frenchmen, and Mr. Selwyn ; an Account 
ofaFemak Mummy, dissected by him; a dreadful Accident at Sea 
in 1745; on Opium; Lord Mountearrett, Lord Rodney, and Lord 
Tharlow; Valentine Morris, and the Duke of Northuinberiand. 
♦ '* Mr. Urbaw, Parit, Jm% 18, 1791. 

^ As erery Frenchman is now become a Firfitician, and as I^ 
an Bngfishnwn, came hither a ready-made one ; I will tell you 
what— and, as a Frenchman says, ' for my part, I do not know, 
Imt I am very sore,*— 4hat this same town was always a reiy co- 
inical place, and now more so than ever; for formeriy they had 
bat one Kkig, and now every body is a King but the King, and he 
is justly despised ; for, certainly, had he stood his groond, and 
kept his ward, he would have been happier than anj King in 
Clnis^ndom, though no kmgev h%$ CkriiHan Mqjeitff. If Gei^ral 
Boiiilld holds his resolution, and marches for^;n troops into 
France, he will have the greatest part of his countrymen to op- 
pose i and, though disdj^ined men can do wonders, so can a 
whole Nation, where man, woman, and child, are on their side ; 
and that seems to be the case at present The kwag- c ypr c a s ed 
have now tasted of the sweets of liberty ; and it is my opinion 
they will never go back to algect Slavery again. When 1 read 
the spirited Letter of Bouil]^ I was for a while stationary, like a 
floating balloon ; but when I know that a starving peasant, 
whom the Duke de Noailles ofiered a cow to twenty years ago, 
declined the acceptance of it, lest the Farmer-general should 
tax him higher under the idea of his being rich, I could not 
but say, 'AH this is vtryfine, very loyal, BJodvery soldier'like, but 
not v&cy Christian-like.* It is now, ' Live, and let live ;' formerly 
it was, ' Live, ye Nobles ! and starve, ye Peasants !* And I al- 
ready see as wonderful a change in the faice of the earth too as I 
do in the £eices of mankind ; and if my single coup de pittolet W9m 
to determine the fate of Firance, those who till the earth should 
have their share of the enjovment of it How it will ter- 
minate, God only loiows ! for France is certainly in a very unset- 
tled situation at thb minute ; so much so, that, had not a sore 
throat stopped me, I should, ere this, have been on your side of 
the water. Mons. Bouill^ has been removed, and will never more 
have authority or power in France till he has not left ' one stons 
upon another in F^ris,' and then there will be materials enough 
to re-edify another Bastile. Baretti had the baseness to call 
London ' the sink of Europe,* yet he had often teen Paris ! And 
I am ^ad to see that the National Assembly have, amidst their 
great wovks, not neglected to bestow some attention to the safety 


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belDi)gii)g,tp ^he pucb/989 of f^j^otop ; but in Au- 
gust again puf^u^ tiis route< throifgh BoMJogae an4 
Abbeville, U> JRari$, . 

of the poc^f who wiJDkthesjbreets, and to set nsiemaplft ta 
London^ in fining^aad imprisoning 8uch> who« by the rapidl;^ 
of their l^orses, wound their fellow-citizens, or over-drive fero- 
cious animals, and thereby annoy the public ways. Every arti- 
cle ot life, and even of. luxury, is cheap here, because money ia 
scarce. V^t sums and treasure is under-grcHmd 5 and Qiuch of 
it, BO <k>uht, will remain for the xpode an hundred yean beoce. 
Sudden death aod murthers* jin such timc^ as these, ocoBakm 
such earthly losses. Ypurs, &c. P. TfUCK^asss.f 

" Mr. Ub»an, PcriM, July 19. 17M. . 

" I am now a Wanderer again in this kingdom {my fowrth 
excutsiun)., and, it may be supposed, able to Ibm, if not to giv« 
my Engliih friends, some idea of a^reat kingdom bouheru, aa 
it certaixUy IS y but whether for the l>etter or worse, the widest 
man living is as yet unable to determine. I caa compare it at 
present t6 nothing more like than Mon$goyier'$ balloon ; it is a 
gteat and astonishing elevated spectacle, at which strangen and 
natives look up, without being able to determine to what height 
it will ascend, or where or when it will settle. The. ^ristocra|ip 
party say, M. 6^06 vnU be here with 240,000 strangely a| 
soon as the harvest is ready for reaping^ , The Pa^iots, on the 
contrary, hold fl^ their menaces, in uttei; coQtenypt $ and cejCr 
tainlyall the commonalty, all the soldiers, and even thi^b^ir* 
gem of every city, are fidends to the pr^sef^t Con^tituUcps. At 
the instant it was first known that the King bad been- sto|^ia4 
on his way to Montm^di, I was on the road, and passed, seven^ 
Utile villages and miserable hamlets, in each of whic^ every houa^ 
hut, or cabin, exhibited, at their doors, or windows, eithe^^ 
table-doth, sheet, towel, or a piece of aa old smock^, by way of 
•^pressing their satis&ction. The Journal dee CiM^« v^rhicl^ a^ 
well circulated throu^iout the whole kingdom, have a won^dePi 
fill e£l^t i and every man who can read, reads with astnpfah^ 
mant truths, which a few years ago would have been da,^geraui^ 
even to think. In one of these Journals it is said, that twenty^ 
six sail of British ships a|n)eared upon their coast, and tl^ut they 
were landing troops near the district de Moncheooul. SudiLS^y 
reports are rather alarming to us J&oglish fugitives.. It provM 
to be only a fleet sud^ht of their own people to our Islan4ca 
Jers^. But the strongest proof I can give yoi]^ c^ the change cf 
Government and power in France, is what has hs^nen^ undet 
my own eyes lately, and my own conoem. The MiQror of iht^ 
city where I now reside summoned me to the Hotel de |li£^ 
for what I neither knew then, there, nor afterwards J I wrotf 
him a civil letter, desiring to know why I was detail^, twq 
hours a prisoner, and then neither punished, nor fold ^{^ ^^ 

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Retumixig once more to Bath, he published^ 
March 9, 1792» '' A Letter to Charles Bomior, Esq, 
Deputy Comptroller of the Post-office ; which ^a9 

my accuser^; intimtliiig, tkat sueh coailuct sAfOOfed niiDTe.of 
an inquitUarial thaa a free kingdom. The Mayor not answerin^^ 
my ]etter> I desired a military fiiead of rank, who kr^w him, - 
to «aijt upon hun, and to requite an explani^on. He did soi 
The Ab^yor, in retum* {i^eaded (and jusUy, I brieve) the umU 
tiCude of bofliiiets Ufion his hands ) and de€]ared> his iat^nticMit 
were to ha»t waited upon me in person, and explained away hia 
aec^mHig rudeoesB. My- warm mUUary /riend returned satisfied j 
hut added» * Had things been here aa they were, I would hava 
brought him by die collar to have asked your pardop.* I am 
glad> howeTer, that things are not as they were ; I abbor all mi^ 
titary goTemment, wdl knowing how shamefully it is occasion- 
alfy exiociaed. P. Thiqknessb. 

P. S. If you diould honour my third Tolume of Memoirs with 
ensy notice in your Review of New Books, I beg you will say, that 
I eaU in the anecdote 1 have related of the late worthy and res- 
pectable Mr, Geoige Selwynf^ as my ftiend Dr. Warner assures 
me it is totally vcSd of any foundation. I could easily conceive 
that a man, poMossing a tender heart (and I have long knows 
Mr. Seiwyn did possess such a heart), nught hav^ the cttfiDsltf 
toaee how 6ad-Aeari«d men met the punishments theg? merited. I 
have however, now, good authority to say; that Mr. Sdwyn wse 
never but at a single execution in hb life; and that was at the 
dreadful, and I hc^ mnqrn^ execution of Damieni. I was o«ea 
induced to believe I could bear to see a notorious vilkun bvaka 
alive upon the whed, as it is erroneously called, at D^, and, 
I am ashamed to add, that I hired a fdace for that pui^pose^ hmi 
Tuvm will justify my adding, that, before the fatal Uaws were 
stmsk, 1 would havegifen all the naoney in my pocket to have 
made my escape to MmUmM, but that was impossible; for I 
^A not iUl then know that the human mind is too muefaeagaged 
with the visible obtieets and distress of the miserafateoriaiinal, to 
ibrtiihr hb soul sufficieatly to 6car-«p by the rememhrance of the 
bloody deeds the cfimiaal had previously inflictad upon others| 
beeide, there was the additional horror of seeing (what, I hope. 
Will never more be seen in this Faas coumtrt) the motherof 
tfie eveoutioner actively employed in assisting to throw the ema* 
oiated body, scarcely dead, into the living flames ! P. T." 

The Wanderer's Diary through France in 1791. 

** Perhaps, Mr. Urban, you remember me, in one shape o^ 

6iticr, a Wanderer in this kingdom fifteen or sixteen years ago i 

tWbaps too, now it is a kingdom renversie, I may f^irnish your 

numerous readers with a little information as to its present state \ 

* '*Tb« charge was, throwing water out of my window. P. T." 
t See before, p. 199 ', and Gent. Mag. voL LXI. pp. %9% 467. 


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followed, in May, by "A Letter to Lady Audlcy ♦;" 
which, with the exception of a Letter in the Maga- 
zine, dated July 30, 1792, was his latest publication. 

Ibr I walk (as usual) slowly over my ground, an<l not 

■ ^' run 

Th^ Lord knows whither in a chaise and one 3" 
and therefore may not overlook matters which more ra|»d tra- 
vellers disregard. Formerly, one King governed the whoU Na- 
tion ; now, the. whole Nation govern the one King : or rather, 
each city, town, bourg, or hamlet, governs iiself. Be that as it 
may ! After spending four months in the^ne^^, thou^ not the 
sweetest, house in Calais, lately inhabited by the Jeu Ducheu de 
what d^ye call her, I determined to see how men's heads grow upon 
their shoulders in the Capital, if, therefore, a Diary of my 
journey thither prove worthy of a corner in your Magazine, mine 
is at your service ; and perhaps 1 may find matter of moine im- 
portance, when I arrive in a City, always an extraordinary one, 
but now the most interesting of any city in Europe. 

'' On the loth of August, 1791 (being the day which placed 
my head among the sons of men, seventy-two years ago,) I set 
out for Boulogne, and arrived at the British Hotel in that City ; 
where 1 found the best inn, and the most uncouth Dame jinglmse 
ofa landlady, I ever beheld in all my ff^ondmn^x; and had nothing 
to remark thither but the beauty of the country, and the won- 
derful diffierence between the country and cUy air of Calais. And 
though Madame mon Hotesse gave me but a cool recepticm, she 
made me ample amends in a ^^ supper and a bottle of good Bur* 
gundy, not foigetting to chai^ it in her bill the next morning, 
when I set out, on uie grand chemin, for MontreuU, where my 
landlady (d la Cour de France), by way of variety, gave i» a good 
supper, and a bottle of common wine, value six-pence, at the 
reasonable price of three livres. The next day, on our way hither, 
we were charmed with the beautifol country, and the numerous 
and jocund peasants, on both sides the road, gathering^in their 
plei^iliil harvest But the heat was so violet, that I wished to 
find refreshment and rest at Nouvrop, a little hamlet, a post and 
a half from this city ; but I was informed, that that poor hamlet 
afforded no reception for travellers. The Post-master, howeve*, 
who looked more like our Palmer than a villager, civilly invited 
us to partake of a good sallad, his beef a-la-mode, and the best 

* The true Friends of Governor Thicknesse saw with sincere 
eoncern the kst cup of his life embittered by the dregs of family 
contentions. This Letter was addressed to the Widow of Colonel 
Moorhouse, a gallant Officer, who fell, in March 1791, before tlie 
walk of Bangalore. By a second marriage with Lord Audley^' 
May S, 17^ she became daughter-in-law to Governor Thicknesse. 
Hie ingenious and unfortunate Letter-writer also complains thst 
he has impoverished himself through credulity in his son ; andsub- 
joinsaheart-rtnding extract from his Will. (GentBlagXXU.55S.) 


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Having let his house in the Crescent at Bath to 
% L*ady of Quality, he set off for France^ with the 
intention of passing through that country to Italy^ 

artichokes I ever tasted in my life ; and a lady of feshion, who Is 
building a house in the same village, furnished us with our de- 
sert » without inquiring whether we were National JsiemUyisti 
or Arisiocratkks, for 1 bear no insignia. It is contrary to the 
law daHs ce pay^ci to wear badges of distinction, the National 
Assecnbly having decreed that merit and talents alone are to 
create distinction between man and man ^ that every man may 
write, print, and publish, what he pleases, and serve God in 
that manner which sqipears most suitable to his way of thinking. 
When I quitted my polite Post-master, he asked me at what inn 
1 intended to stop at AhbeviUe? I desired him to recommend 
one to me,«-^nd that I had formerly used the Bull's Head ; but 
he informed me, that hb daughter kept the Post-house, and that I 
should meet with good beds, and every thing else cotnme ilfaut, 
with her. I did so : — so much so, that I liave determin^ to 
spend a week with the fairest, the civilest, and the best-bdoved 
publican, I ever met with in France ; and to whose house 1 ear- 
nesty recommend travellers of all nations, and particularly my 
own. On my way hither I could not but remark, that magpies 
and fvheat-ears* were the only game I met with on the road-side ; 
not a single partridge, quail, or hare, have I seen, though 
harvest-time, since I left Calab. But my pretty landlady, JTo* 
dame Melarf, has promised to shew me a partridge at half past 
three ; and then, Mr. Urban, I will diink hers and your health, 
in a glass of the very prettiest Bumindy. at one shilling a bottle, 
I ever tasted : and, when you drimc your Old Port, don't forget 
your Old Correspondent, Th b Wanderb b . 

*' The beautihil situation of Abbeville, the good fruit, the vio- 
lent heat, and the tranquiDity of the town, induced me to rest near 
-a week in it. To my great surprize, I found a manufbctory of 
«earlet doth, which cost me forty-two liore$ a French yard, 
neariy two Louisd*ors. Here I met with one of the late Mr. 
Wesley^s flock, who in England painted his pious teacher's por- 
trait so often, that it enabled him to become a fraudulent bank- 
rapt in London, and now to be the coach-painter of Abbeville. 
In passing through the city of Amiens, I began to suspect that 
General DowUi^ and his Pays-Bos army, had preceded me ; for 
though the stones were not displaced, I scarcely saw a house that 
had a whole pane of glass in the windows, till I found they were 
so shattered by a violent thunder-clap a few days before ; and at 
Clc^rmoQt a still greater slaughter among the trees of General 

« M Gamb, to be tur6, ar« pretty objects tn tbe road i but game at the 
yootpsasmmfi hmek, or in bis soup, without fear of the gallics, is a plea- 
sant r»teetion. But, if game is scarce, fruit is plenty; as you may con- 
«lade, whan I UA you, that tbe finest apricots 1 ever tasted are a farthing 
Mirrr, andpciafhos a pnuiy,*' P. T. 

t <' The iWboase lithe airiest and Urgfst auWrge in Abbeville." RT. 


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j86 literacy anecdotes. 

where he proposed to stay two or three years. On 
the l8th <rf November he was at Boulogne, in per- 
fect health and remarkably good spirits ; but on the 

ContU, where they are laid flat by whole baitalums. But his te- 
nants at Chantilly are as merry as Greeks ; for they boast that 
they have had one-third mors grain this hardest, than on any 
former year, owing to the destruction of the game, which 1 can 
readily believe 3 for from Calais to Paris I saw but four partridges, 
end three of them were upon the table. 1 fbigot to mention, that, 
when I last passed Abbemlle, mv post-boy took a sudden turn^ to 
avoid disturbing the red-hot embers (which were stiU blushing for 
their deadly deed) that had burned aHve two young men, who had 
in their cups behaved indecently when the procession of a Saint 
passed by^ ! This was about twenty-three years ago. Such honid 
deeds, thank God, will never be seen again in this now pbkb 
KINGDOM. On entering the Capital, the eve oiSt, Louis, I was 
So bewildered with the noise of cbrums, bells, and crowds of 
armed bourgeois, that I did not perceive a black-guard, who had 
the impudence to steal one of my pbtols £rom the holster in my 
charger, till I arrived at the Hotel Modene, remarkable only for 
being the residence of Poor Yorick in former days, and of bugs 
in the present If the National Assembly wcmld but decree, 
among other salutary laws, one relative to great and lUtle haute 
tleanl'mess, it would add much to their honour. To-day, St. 
Louis, I passed by the palace and prison of the Kin?, and saw 
only tents and centinels before his windows, instead of all his 
subjects* free admission to present their bouquets, as usual^ on 
their Sovereign's name-day. I could not but drop a sig^, till I 
recollected how many sighs had been dropped in the Bastille, for 
ages past, unpitied. However, I may, I think, truly say, I came 
in ai the death, I mean the death of the new-estabhshc^ Consti- 
tution : for, if some resolutions passed which were agitated on 
the !£4th instant, and I hear they did, they have undone all their 
former doings ; and there cannot be a doubt but the King will ac- 
cept the Constitution, and be soon at liberty, to repair hb own. 

'* Here I met with your and my old friend Dr. Warner, and the 
animated and ingenious Miss Williams. The former b retumii^ 
home, having taken it into his head that Stourbead b a pret- 
•tier place than Pftris ; and the latter b just set off for Rouen. 
Uttle did I think, when I passed Bellgarde, on the heights of 
the Pyrennees, fifteen years ago, and the French guard asked me, 
with a tone of insolence, of what country I was ? that I shauU 
live to see the day, when 1 could ask them the same (questions as 
they put to me. — I replied, ' I was a native of Hotentot,* « Oten- 
tot I Otentot I what King covems that land >* said they. — ' We 
have no King,' said I, < ofthe Uotentots F 

** Paris, Aug. 30. I thought, when 1 first eat^ed the house 

* ** Previous to their execution, 1 think, their tongfues had been torn 
out; but Sfolf.VolUUffeoti that sftdvuli^t. P.T." 


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Mil. "fWiiit 'TiiiG^KMds^E. i$i 

ftMbrntig dayhdd ti6frjmroc€^ed a single iti^, to 
Sainers, on^e way to F&ris, befbre he complained 
toliis wife, who was in the carriage with him, of a 

otHht^ NaMenal AeaeioHyj I should there see, for tbe first timn 
loen who ^cred upon the true principles of r^ patriotisai ; but 
ODe single visit has convinced me, that I saw a corrupt majority, 
who have at one coup overthrown all that is good -, nor have I die 
feut doubt how that buskiess has been eiected. The Kiog has 
mortgaged half a year's income, five 'hundred thousand pounib 
iteriing ! Money will do great things, we ail know ; aye, and 
wicked tbiiigft too. If the succeeding j^tembly National <»umot 
uado that which the present have within this last week done, the 
Nation will be all fl^^Zooi figain, and some men may be illuminated 
^aia only by lanthom^iglU, if they do not find their way to a 
iSet country. 1 was yesterday at Versailles, once the dearest^ 
vmr the cheapesC spot in France ; and therefore, being sick at 
heart of tbe Jtsembly NaUvnal, and bug-sore of the Rue Jacob, 
Bttel Modhu, I shall go to>morrow, and enjoy for a week the 
sweet air of thegardens of VersaiUeB. . It is the fashion, though 
Ijun at a loss to conceive why, for all the Englbh to be cubbed 
up in tho Fauxbourg St, Getmuin, and to live in narrow, dirty 
streets; whfle mafl^ificeat hotels in Rue St, Honori, with la^:ge 
gaidensy and wht^ )ook into the Thuilleries, are neglected ! I 
psy twoguiiKas a we^ here for apartments, magnificently to- 
aiihed it ia true, but where I breathe the putrefied air of tons of 
rotten dung^ and the corrupted breath of twenty horses. Won* 
dcrful as 1 found this City twenty^three years since, it is still 
iBMe and more wonderful ! S The Palais Royal is of itself a great 
City : it coDsists of seven thtatrea, forty public gaming-tables^ 
tivo thouaand^/Si^ de joye, and every kind of luxury, dirt, and 
magnificence, imaginable. The late Duke of Orieakis, having 
^naSi&A Ecfgland, found a luxury adjoining to every cottage in 
Sigland, which Paris did not then possess. • Upon his return, 
he advised an dd servant to build a range of little temples in the 
Palais Rofal $ told him to keep them comme ilfaut, and to attond 
^jth keys and other conveniences for r^irement > and those are 
«tiU the only places i^ jsll Paris to which an fiaglishman can go, 
without being in luck ! ! Nothing ever mora true or just was said 
of France, than that it is b^t a;id ****** all over. Yet the 
good wine, the fruity of delicious firuit, within the reach even 
of Wtmderer^ purses, the vivacity of the people, and, in short, ' 
^ temt eneembk, will always get the better of the disagreeables, 
' You are,' said the Co^nteu de Falan to me some years ago, 
'an nngracions Nation.* We certainly are so. The French, on 
tbe contrary, avegraokms ; at least a|^>ear to ta to be so. They 
proouM you every thing, but never think of performing any 
4uDg ; and, while th^ are making yon happy by their polite- 
ness, they ar^ sneering ^r laughing at your cullability ; but now, 
<H«t they have given men of their own, and all other Nations, 


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sudden pain in his stomach; and (sooner almost than 
she could express her concern) added^ ^^ I have a 
pain in my head too^** when he instantly expired*. 
Mr. Thicknesse was a man of probity and honour, 
whose heart and purse were always open to the 
unfortunate. None were his enemies, but those who 
were unworthy of being his friends ; for he was as 
severe in his censure of the in&mous, as he was 
friendly to virtue and merit 

Bberty to speak out, write oat, and print oti#^ aU they diink^ I yidJBL 
plainly tell you, that I am convinced the AuemhUf National hat 
a migority among them that are corruptly criminal, and that the 
Constitution is not nearer being^ completed than It was twelt« 
months ago. These people will hold tbdr power tiU the begin- 
ning of (ktober $ and then a parcel of them will run away> to 
avo^ the ftny of the people, or risit the L A WANnsaBB." 

* A very decent monument was soon after erected in the Vto* 
testant biurying ground at Boulogne, thus inscribed : " Fh^ 
Hiiclchesse, late L^tenant-Govemor of Land-guard Fort (whose 
remains were depodted in this place on the 8th of November 
1792), was a man of strict honour and integrity ) few men had 
Itts fidlings, but fewer stiU possessed his eminent virtues. i& 
heart was ever open to relieve the distresses of others as fer m 
the smaU Umits of his purse would admit \ for hsvli^ dronlt 
deefrfy of the Utter cup of aSiction himself, he knew how to 
feel and pity another's woe ! His loss is truhr lamented by a& 
those who were acquainted with Ins real worUi. No man eter 
was his enemy whose friendship was wordi coveting. Hnlkeniy 
talents were universalfy admired, but by those who were stung 
by the severe but just censure of his poignant pen. 

" He married thrice : flnt Maria Lanouve ; secondly. Lady 
Elizabeth Tuchet, by whom the Barooy of Audley descoaded to 
has ddest son $ tbJrdly, Anne Ford, his now afecttonatcud af- 
flicted widow, who inscribes dus stone to her ever hononred and 
beloved husband, as the lait marie she can give of htr gratitude 
and unbounded hwe to the memonr of a man with wnom she 
lived thirty vean in perfect feUdty.*^ 

Mrs. ThicKnesse is stiU living, an4» at the age of 76, has scarcehr 
any of the mental defects accompanying <dd aoe. She is well 
known in the literary world by her ** JUves and Writii^ of die 
most eminent Ladies of France,** andby hsr ** School of FiMhion.** 
Some copious Memoirs of b^are again fai^ the ^ Pnblick Cha- 
racters for 1806.** In Gent. Ma^. XXXI. SS, 70* maybe seen 
the substance of a Letter fhxn mm FonI to the E^ of Jeney, 
and of the auswerto Miss Ford*s Letter. A Dialogue, oocasioi»d 
by the said Letter, was likewise published at that timei see p. 95. 
Tiasf are also noticed in Monthly Review, Feb. 1761. 


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[ 289 ] 


a Divine of the Church of England, and a scholar 
of eminence, was born Feb. 3, 17 1 7-8, at Stads- 
combe, in the parish of PHmstock, Devonshire, of 
which his father, Robert Forster, was then minister. 
His ancestors had, for many generations, been Clergy- 
men of distinguished worth and piety. Nathaniel, his 
great-grandfather, had suffered with the loyal and 
virtuous of his time, having been deprived by Crom- 
well of the Rectory of Allmgton in Wiltshire ; but 
which he lived to recover at the Restoration. His 
mother was Elizabeth*, daughter of the Rev. John 
Tmdal, vicar oC Corn wood in the same county, and 
allied to some very respectable families -f* in that 
part of England. His father, soon after the birth 
of this his eldest son, being chosen Lecturer of St. 
Andrew's church at Plymouth, went thither to re- 
side, and continued in the same place and office un- 
til bis death. The son, having received the rudi- 
ments of a grammatical education at home, in 
which he made an early progress, was placed under 
the instruction of the Rev. John Bedford :|;, Mas- 
ter of the Grammar-school at Plymouth. Of this 
numerous seminary he had gained the^first place be- 
fore be was 13 years of age. In 1731-2 he was remo- 
ved to Eton ; and at the same time entered at Pem- 
broke College, Oxford, in order to entitle him to 
the benefit of an exhibition of 40/. per annum. He 
passed about sixteen months at this school, whilst 
Dr. George was head-master ; then repaired to Col- 
lege, and became a pupil of Dr. RadcliflT. On the 
13th of June, 1733, he was admitted scholar of 
Corpus Christi College, Oxford. In 1739 he be- 
came Fellow, and was desirous of succeeding to 
the office of Tutor upon the occasion of a vacancy by 

^ Sister of the Rev. Nicholas Tmdal, Translator of Rapines 
''ffistory of England/*' and niece of Dr. Matthew Tindal, Au- 
thor of " Christianity as old as the Creation.'* See p. 303. 

t Trelawny, Halse, Elford, &c. 

4 Grandfiatber of the present AdnuraL 

Vol. IX. U tbe 

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the death or resignation of t>r. Burton ; but in thi« 
wish hfe was disappointed, as Dr. Mather^ the Pre*- 
sident, appointed Mr. Pdtten to that oi^tt. With 
this gentleman, howfevet) he continued to live on 
the most friendly terrtis, and shared with him tb^ 
duties of his new situation. — Oct. 13, 1735, h^ 
was admitted to the d^ree of B. A. ; Feb. 10, 1738» 
to that of M. A.; and April 9, 174^, a» sdOR> 
indeed, a^ his standing allowed, tothat of B. D. iA 
order to preserve his ^niority in College, He pft>* 
ceeded no fiirther till 1750, the time of his leaving 
the University, consistently with his declat^ opi^^ 
fiion that " the degree of D. D. is better postponed 
until it can receive a becotning support ftt)m officii 
rank, or character." With respect to his adultssioti 
in the church, he was ordained Deacon in 1738-^, 
by Dr. Wynne, Bp. of Bath and Welk, atid PrieA 
hi 1741 -« by Dr. Hoadly, Bp. of Wiiicbester. 

His earlier years were chiefly spent in College, 
iind dedicated, with unremitted attention^ to Litera^ 
ture. The public efiect of his studies wene as follow t 

I. " Reflections on the natural Foundation of tlte 
high Antiquity of Government, Arts, and Sciehce^ 
in Egypt. Oxford, 1743." 

3. ''Platonis Dialogi quinqute. Re<50niiiait, noti^- 
que illustravit^ Nathan. Forsteir, A.M. CCvC* Sf(^ 
cius. Oxonii, 1745 " 

S. ^^ Appendix Liviana; eontineiiSvli S^lecHA e<H 
dicum M^S. et editionum antiqt^arum Itetiouei, 

}>r9ecipuas variorum Emendatione^, et stippleiAenti 
acunarum in iis T. Livii, qui snpersunt libm« 
St. h Freinshemii supplementorum librds X iA locuhl 
decadis secundte Livianse deperditse. Chtonii, 174tf * 

4. " Popery destructive of the Evidence of Chtrirti>* 
anity. A Sermon preached before the University of 
Oxford, at St Mary\ on Nov. 5. 1746, by Nath. 
Forster, B. D. Fellow of C. C. (i" 

5. " A Dissertation * upon the Account supponi 

* The (rUicism containtd in this Dissetttttion is flowed by 
Mr. fiiyaDt to be <' very ingem^us/* though he endOMxin to de- 

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to have been given of Jesun Christ by Josephu?. 
Being an Attempt to shew that this celebrated pas- 
sage, some slight Corruptions only excepted, may 
be esteemed genuine." 

6. ** BibliaHebraicasinePunctis, accurante Natb, 
Porster, S. T. P. Oxonii, 1750." 
* 7. ** Remarks on the Rev. Dr. Stebbmg's Disser- 
tation on the Power of States to deny Civil Protec- 
tion to the Marriages of Minors, &c. London, I755.'* 

At the age of 3 1 he received his first preferment 
in the church, the small Rectory of Hethe in Oxford- 
shire. It was given him July 6, 1749, by the Lord 
Chancellor Hardwicke, on the recommendation of 
that truly good man, and one of his earliest friends^ 
Dr. Seeker, then Bishop of Oxford. By him alscy 
he was introduced to the notice of Dr. Butler, at 
that time Bishop of Bristol ; to whom he soon after 
became Domestic Chaplain, in 1750, when that Pre- 
late was translated to the See of Durham. In this si- 
tuation he continued until the death of his Patron^ 

dde the controversy by defending the passage as it stands. See Mr. 
Bryant*8 " Vindiciae Flavianse/* p. 21, 2d ed. 1780. The opinion 
fononed of the same performance by Bp. Warburton is much more 
to the Author's advantage, as appears by his public testimony to 
the Doctors abilities, candour, and address, in " Julian** (see 
fol. VIIl.p. 108, of Bp. Hiu^s Edition of Bp. Warburton's Works, 
8vo) ; as also from the following extract of a letter from that 
ptsit man to Dr. Forster; in which, atter having noticed some 
judicious observations submitted to him by Dr. Forster on his 
" Julian,*' Bishop Warburton says -. ** I have often wished for a 
hand capable of collecting all the fragments remaining of Por- 
phyry, Celsus, Hierocles, and Julian, and giving them to us 
with a joat, critical^ and theological comment, as a defy to 
infidelHy. It i:* certain we want something more than what 
their antient answerers have given us. This would be a very 
noble work. I know of none tliat has all the talents fit for it 
but yourself. What an opening this will give to all the trea- 
sures of «acred and pro&ne antiquity ! and what an opportu- 
nity would this be of estal>lishing a great character ! The Author 
9f ' The Dissertation on the Pasbage of Josephus* (which I think 
the best piece of criticism of this a^) would shine here. Think 
of it. You cannot do a more uselul thing te Religion, or your 
own character. Controversies of the times are things that pre- 
sently vanish. This will be always of the same importance." 
(From a Letter dated Oct. 15> 1749.) 

u 2 which 

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which took place before any opportunity had offered 
of bis receiving any public mark of bis Lordihip*» 
esteem. I?roofs, however, are not wanting of the 
afiectionate regard which tliis good and great man 
conceived for Dr. Forster. He bequeathed to him a 
legacy of 200L; appointed him executor* of his 
will; and absolutely died in his arms at Bath. |t is 
easy to imagine the severe affliction which Dr. Forster 
must have now felt. In a letter to Hurd-f-, Warbur* 
ton says: ** Poor Forster (whom I have just received 
a letter from) is overwhelmed with desolation at the 
loss of his master.** In this state of sorrow and depri* 
vation he returned to College, and hoped to find in 
the severity of study some alleviation to his wounded 
mind. He was, however, soon called from his re- 
treat, being appointed, in July 1753, one of the 
Chaplains to Dr. Herring, Archbishop of Canter- 
bury. In February 1754, he was promoted by the 
Xord Chancellor Ilardwicke to a Prebendal Stall in 
the Church of Bristol ; and in the Autumn of the 
same year the Archbishop gave him the valuable 
Vicarage of Rochdale in Lancashire :}:. It appears, 

* It may not be amiss to notice here an error which has 
crept into the *' Biographia Britannica/* article Butler (Dr. Kip- 
pit's edition). It b there said, that Dr. Forster was left not 
only executor, but residuary legatee. The hct is, what remained, 
after the payment of debts and specific bequests, was ordered *' to 
be divided into equal shares, and distributed amongst all his ne- 
phews and nieces by consanguinity.** Some difficulty arose upon 
the legal construction of these words $ and, to add to his other 
afflictions. Dr. Fonter had to sustain, as executor, the fiut^ue 
and anxiety of an appHcatioato Chancery. — It may be neoeasaiy 
also to add to what is said (in note [F] to the same artide) on his 
LoTdship*8 MSS. the ibilowing extract from his will : '' Ti^ mj 
positive and express will, that all my sermons, letters, and papers 
whatever, which are in a detd box locked, directed to Dr. Jhriter, 
and now standing in the little room wUhin my Library at Hasmp* 
stead, be burnt, without being read by afay one, as soon as may 
be after my decease.** This correction appears to the present 
Writer the more necessary, he having reason to know thi^ sciias 
MS Sermons of the Bishop's are still in being. 

t " See Letters from a late eminent Prelate,** N« 47. 

t Dr. Whitaker, the elegant Historian of Whalley, sa^, " It 
IS almost a sufficient eulogium on Dr. Forster, to say, that be wis 
the omfidential Chaplain and Friepd of Bp. Butler, upon whom 


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indeed, in the many Letters addressed to him by hit 
Grace *, that his r^rd for Dr. Forster was most cor- 

lie attended in his last illneas. But he was a Scholar, and a 
IVeacher of the highest order, though little understood, and not 
nry popular, at I&chdale, where he did not long reside. 

* A Jew of thoee excellent Letters are here suhjoined : 

'' Dbas FoasTsa, Croydon House, Dec. 11, 1754. ' 

'' Since I saw you, I looked into Burnet's Account of Zurich, 
which I think lets in a good deal of light upon this design of 
the present libnurian there, and supports your doubts very 
justfy. I think, thereforei when you are at leisure to form thit 
Letter, it will be right to proceed in it upon these topicks : 

'' 1. Proper compliments to the Professor in the way of Mte- 
lary correspondence. 9, Thanlu for his personal driKtles to 
aie. 3. Give the reasons which I mentioned to you, of the de-> 
lay of my answer to his Letter. 4. Shew him the necessity of 
forming some Proposals that shall explain his scheme^ and re> 
eommend it to the publick here. 5. Suggest how expedient and 
aeeessaiy I think it, for me to hate thehiitory of these Letters 
nary disdnctly ; the time of their writing, and the name$ of the 
Comspondents ; and in the main the Mubstance of the questicms 
e»n?assed. You may suggest that this prior knowledge is what 
win be expected fVom me from the Bench, though 1 am sensi* 
hie his name and character will carry ^preat authority along 
with them. You may, if you think fit, just hint, that if tha 
Letters don't strike home to the principles and foundation of 
Phitestantism, and produce something new of that sort, or ar* 
gomente better managed than ordinary, they will not be much 
attended to. That questions of ceremony, and habits which ex- 
ercised the thoughts, and necessarily so, as tlie times then were, 
tre now in a manner become obsolete here -, and that even our 
ftotestant Dissenters themselves seem to have got above them, 
end fcel too much the importance of Peace, and the benefit of 
TolenUkMi, to hazard either for the sake of things, upon com- 
psrlsoD, of so low and minute consideration. You see I have 
cut out wofk for tou, but you may take your own leisure. 

'* I send you tne inclosed, and pui:g06e soon to fill up tht 
I>ecne ; and, with the indulgence of both the prior ord^, and 
M. per miumm tot new-erected livings, %ipon certificate from 
tbe Bishop of the Diocese that the said livings don*t exceed 
that sum de cUtro. I am your assured friend, Tho. CANTUxa.*' 
5* Dbab FoESTaa, Lambeth, Sept % 1755. 

" I have your Letter, and write to you to-day, only to desire 
thit yott wouki kM>k out for a schoolmaster before you leave the 
Mmtry. 1 know of nobody hi this or that countiy. There is 
wy little of eertainty known as yet of the American affair ; but 
that it is of a most in&mous nature, and almost ruinous to our 
system there* 1 have no news to send you ; but, if 1 had, Etough 
ii with me, and talks with his usual fluency and vociferation. I 
*ittU be ghd to see you. Your Friend, Tho. Cantua^.*' 

'' Daia 

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dial and sincere. Upon 4ome ocoaMOfi <>f dMip- 
pointment, he writes to him in, this kind laa* 
guage : *^ Don't be anxious. It hurts me to see you 

'* Dear Forstul, Croydotf. House, Julu 7, 1766. 

'^ I question whether you will thaak me for aayuig, that I ^m 
glad I have sent you to Rochdale ; and the more so, bs there is 
so much party rage abounding there. 1 know you will try what 
prudence and integrity will do, to serve God ^d the Kijsi^^ and 
to allay these unchristian and mischievous aDio^osUieft. As t9 
the unreasonableness of your parishioners iiji vi^D^ mattecs, ya^. 
vfill reason and laugh with tbcni, and stick to the point of 
equity -, fyr, I presume, reasoning and laughing wiU not do wkh* 
out resolution. I can send you nu news from hence; nor will 
any thing aric«, as I apprehend, till we hear of Boscawen. 
Nothing can be wiser than to avoi<i a war in £urope> if possible j 
and yet it will be an iigly thing if we sufier, as J^uueii I. u$ed to do, 
by our obdurate patience. They say the French Martinico fieal 
are returning; and our Citizens will grumble, if they giet safe 
into port under the cover of our negotiaiion, while Hawke lies 
top and top-gallant at Spit head. I have lost another CUaplain 
for a month. Heaton went to-day to Doncaster j but, inst^ui of 
adding a Chaplain, 1 have subtracted duty from honest Hall. 1 
hope this weather gilds the mountains of Lancashire ; and that 
the farmers begin to think of cutting down their hay. The Bi- 
shop. of Norwich^ is gone off to his capital. I shall depend wpm 
hearing from you, but not upon the subject of the poor jail-bird*s 
letter. 1 am truly, dear Forster, your Friend, Tho. Cantuar.** 
*' Dear Forster, Croydon House, July 21, 1766* 

'' i thank you for your Letter, and the entertuning picture 
you sent me of your Whig Country Justice, which was not a 
little set ofif by the incident of Dean Lyttelton*s visit One would 
not damp such a man's zeal for the world -, but we must laugh 
a little at his absurdities. 

*' You have seen the particulars of the American skinoish. 
The issue of it pleases the City, and is of credit to us. What 
will be the consequences, as yet we see not. The cash on i^oaxd the 
Aicide was under SOOO^ There were some of their b^t engioeen ; 
and this circumstance, and the number of soldiers on bpptfd, 
and men that got into Lewisburgh, may pcove a weakening, and 
a present disappointment. The wovst is, I doubt, t^ expodi* 
tion is at an end : there is reason to think the traa^iorts atst got 
into St. Lawrence, and our men are rich -, but don't tdl this to 
your Jacobites. The filling up the Bishoprick and Deanery wiU 
be suspended. Barton andTerritt aim at the first, and GxigQiff 
at the last. Would he be acceptable to your Whij^ at Qxfanli 
Entre nous, I could almo^ wish Hume at St. Paul's had hntfi 
these things. If he ... , the remova), it would hare \U coaw 
nieaoes. Your Curate*s friends, who want to recop^naeod a De* 
• I>r.ThoBiu Uayter^ afterwards Bp. of Loadon. 

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W^ J estieefn yoq ; wd if (jfod cootiaues my life, I 
will befriend YOU as ^oon, and in ^the best manner 
th^t J cap .'* The reliance, too, that the Archbishop 

pnl^> meam hini^ to be auie, tor his successor -, i^ut, if you ac» 
i|tti«tce in tbe firsts I dare say it wiU be upon such terms a» shall 
Ittf all £ut\ure ex|iectations. If this will do^ methipks one would 
Ad provoke this gmus irritabile, I may add vatum, too soon. 
But be this in your own prudence. 

" I aaw my Lord Chamberlain last Tlmrsday. I think your 
affiur will do> on the next promotion of Cardinals. I had a let- 
ter last post from your friend at Norwich*, who has be^n mo$t 
extremely ill with a fever and sore tbroat. He had a good 
nigfat on Thursday, and wrote me a long letter on Friday. 

** Your register of weather carriea my ideas tQ Bangor. I 
warrant you don't touch a cock of hay to carry till all \$ ready> 
and then it comes home upon hurdl(^. Dpn't your Lancashire 
friends tell you October is the true season for the North ? We 
bad a wet week here, but now our season is celestial. For Qod*s 
sake, what brought Lyttekon to you -, any Runick characters 
apon your rocks ? You see I am quick in my answers, by way 
«f example to you. Our distance don't admit of much delay. 
" Your Friend, Tho. Cantuail." 

" PbSAS FoRSTER, CroydoH Howe, Jug, 3, 1765. 

'< Your last Letter to me contained so clear and frank a decla-' 
ratbn upon a point of a delicate nature and consequexvpes, that, 
|s 1 Ihank you for it, so I ought to let you know that I received 
it; and further than that, that I have torn it into so tomy frag- 
— ato, that Anthony Wood himself could not connect them. I 
^gin to apprehend the Scotchman's success ; but who can hin-' 

tier it, if every thing is to give way to such sort of W r coo- 

QQiiois } SijU^ nothing in nature can be of less n¥3fnent 
than tbia School, amidst delibei-ations for the publick, in a gr^ 
Stetttman's thou^ts. I dined yesterday with Ray. You koioif 
)i^ a pt^ilician he is. He would needs be furnishing a new 
Dnn ; aad said ' he knew of a good man, fit for the post, hated 
by the Jacobites, and lovod by all the Whigs.* ' Pr'ythee, Ray, 
*«bo 19 your man?' — ' {Ixcuae me there, my Lord.' — ' No excuse i 
I mmt and will haye if — * Why, send Dr. Forster thither. ' — 
I ittde DO comments upon this, nor do I make any now. 

'* We are very alert here j and, as the. Statesmen say, with 
9ttd reason, on tlvs auccess in Nova Scotia; and if Braddock 
sad Ua asaociates do as well, and our Bostoneers can have the 
^oaeaky and reaohition to starve the garrison at Lewisburgh, I 
think Moasieur must keep quiet — But no Te Deums b^are a vic- 
^oiy. — Tucker t has sent roe a very ingenious book, tbe fbrerun* 
W of a great work upon the true Polity of Government. But 
( think it ia onlgr a fine vision, and nwy suggest a right way of 

• Bishop Haytcr. f The celebrated Dean Qf Olouceeter. 


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had on his prudence and good sense may be col* 
lected from the following passage : " I question whe- 
ther you will thank me for saying that I am glad I 

thinkiog upon many subjects, and produce some partial good ; 
but it fiuls ID two main points; for it supposes, that, some 
time or other, Govemoi^ of the World may start up, who abaU 
be disinterested and honest in all their views, and have suk^ecU 
of the same turn of thought. But his essay is really admiraUe, 
clear, and manly, and inHnitely full of spiiit and humour. 

*' I am your assured Fiiend, Tro. Cantuar.'*' 

*'Dbar Forster, Croydon House, Dec, 7> 1755. 

" I thank you for your intelligence from St Stephen's. I 
have thoughts of attending the House on Wednesday, and shall 
then talk fully with you on the subject of the Fast. In the 
mean time, I beg the favour of you to look out for the Form of 
Prayer on account of the great Stprm, 1 703, and see whether 
any thing of this kind was done when Port Royal at Jamaica 
sunk into the sea. Your assured Friend, Tho. Cantuas." 
'* Dbar Forster, Croydon House, Dec, 25, 1755. 

'* I forgot to mention one thing to you on Weiinesday. The 
little wits found fault once with Rock of Defence coming ao near 
our Fleets, Is it worth while to change the words Rock of into 
nevet'faiHng Defence > or does any other Scripting expression 
occur to you to insert instead of Rock off Tho. Cantuar." 
" Dear Forster, Croydon House, Dec, 27, 1755, 

*' I only meant, in my title, to specify the reasons of the Fast; 
and left the printer in other respects to follow the usual form, 
which you will be so good as to see to. You will please to make 
the alteration by the words never^faUing DeUcerer, The Bishop 
erf Lincoln* accepts the duty of the Fast Sermon. 

'' tread over the Letters to Jortinf. There is spirit and inge- 
nuity in them, but surely it is much ado about nothing. If 
Warburton undertakes a subject, must no other man oi letters 
touch it with his lingers > Can*t there be an alliance between 
Critics, and each man furnish his quota in a common cause \ 
WHI nothing please the friends of this prodigious man but pa- 
n^;yric out of its wits ^ Jortin*6 Patron %, 1 see, has some rea« 
son to chan^ the Author with impertinence, and, what is moie^ 
fUsehood, for he cannot shew the place where Uie honest man 
has done more than express his gratitude; he knew he would have 
been a narasite to have gone further, and his Friend would 
have had understanding enough to have rejected flattery with 
disdain. I think the pam|4ilet must come from Lord Shaftes- 
bury's Corrector. — Your assured Friend, Tho. Cantuar.** 
<' Dear Forster, Croydm HoHse. Feb. 19, 1756. 

«rl thank you for your information about the Eton buslnaM ; 
and, if you write or speak to any of your fticads on that sob- 

• l>r. Joba Thomas. 

t Dr. John Brown, j The Archbishop himself who is hero writiof. 


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have sent you to Rochdale, and the more so as there 
is so much party-rage abounding there. I know you 
will try what prudence aiid integrity will do to serve 

ject, you may say, that I have had a very obliging and satisfiuv 
tory Leiter from the Provost ; and that, so fitur as I can judge^ 
the College seem to have made Slater a very honourable offer. 
The indoeed Catalogue of French Books, I believe, J made some 
time ago from the Censura before Richelet's Dictionary; and I 
will be obliged to you to enqijure into the characters of those 
not marked, and make me some purchases where you think it 
worth while. You see my future business is like to be innocent 
amusement ; for I have strong, though, I thank God^ not me> 
lancholy, presentiment, that I must live chiefly at home. I can*t 
help it — ' Honesta lex est temporis necessitas .* My pains and 
my fever are quite gone; but there remains such a scurvy short- 
oess of breath, that 1 have great reason to apprehend must end 
ia an asthma; for, except for about two months, and those 
(which is extraordinary) in the winter, I have had this trouble- 
some companion now for near three years. FU try to put it ia 
]Hiu:tice, for 1 am sure it is true — ' Cuivis dolori remediimi fit 
patientia/ Your affectionate Friend, Tho. Cantuak.*' 

" My Lokd, Lambeth, Nov. 10, 1756. 

"Your Grace will, I hope, pardon my impertinence, in 
troubling you with a line on a subject, whkh, if Mr. Lawry had 
not been desirous of coming with me to Croydon, I proposed to 
hare mentioned to you in person. 

" fiut, before I enter upon the sul^t, I must beg leave to 
conjure your Grace not to consider what I am abdut to mention 
as proceeding from the least fondness for giving my opinion un- 
asked, or of affecting to be wiser than my superiors. I know 
the world too well to chuse wantonly to appear in that disad* 
^taceous li|^t. And the sole motive of my troubling you 
with Uiis, is a full conviction that your Grace's design of pub- 
lishing Mr. Jodrell's Answer to the Bishop of London^ really de- 
senes your &rther consideration. 

" Your Grace b possessed of an antient presciiptive right for 
you^elf, and in trust for your successors, of which you cannot be 
(fisposseaaed but by a judicial determination; and this, if not only 
one, but an hundred pamphlets were published against it. You 
hai^ introduced not the i^t shadow of an innovation. There is 
nothing penonal to your Grace in the a£bir that at all requires an 
appeal/rom you to the publick. Of the right itself, the PubUck 
st large are not the proper judges. And the laying open to all 
tbe worid the foundations on which it is grounded, is certainly 

* Bishop Sherlock printed only 50 copies of bis Pamphfec on Opthiut 
.one of which he sent to Abp. Herring, who re-printed it in 4to, with 4 
*bort answer by Mr. Jodrcll and Archdeacon Denne. See Gent. Mag. vol. 
UV. p. %^ S«c also Dr. Pucarefs Utters on this subject, hereafter, p. 309. 


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g98 MT^RAEY ^ffWVOTf^S. 

God ancl the King, $md ^ ^U^y thase uochrUtiaa 
^d mischievous animosities. As to the unref^sona- 
bleoess of your parishioners in money matters, you 
will reason and lau?h with them, and stick to the 
point of equity ; for, I presume, reasoning and Uugh- 
mg will not do without resolution." 

liable to aU the same exceptions which confiBssediy take place with 
regard to publiahing titles, evidenoas, &c in matters of private pro- 
perty. But the Publick, in this c(\8e, is not only not the pn^jtr 
^dge, but (tlmost incapable of judging fairly and impartiaHy on 
the subject. Thei>e have been few points of time in which ge- 
peral prejudices have run higlier against Prescriptive Rights, 
Rights of Superiors, and, above all, against Ecclesiastical Prero- 
gatives. A strange passion and fondness for Liberty*, Novelty, and 
Paradox, has given an unaccountable degree of popularity to every 
tolerably specious (ittempt to weaken or destroy them. The gene* 
rality of the Bishops aad Expectants, \vbatever grimace they^ may 
put on before your Grace, are in their hearts no friends to your 
Grace's dain). And the Lawyers (who, if left to themselves, wiH 
probably be the first to ridicule the Bishop of London*s preten- 
tions to a sup^or knowledge in their profession) will, many of 
tkera at least, be no less ambitious of rabing their own chamcter, 
by shewing tiieir in^nuity in starting difficulties and objections to 
an argument drawn up by a person of Mr. JodrelFs eminence in it 

^^ But tbe ^evy nature of Mr. Jodrell's work renders it likewise 
much more proper for private use th^ for the publick. It con- 
•isti of a great variety of dilierent detached facts and observations, 
which, though, when laid together in their foU force before an 
attentive ^d impartial judge, they cannot ^ of making a dot 
tmppession on him, are not so likely to afiect the generality of 
oandess, superficial, and inattentive readers. Each oi these 
Aots and observations, when considered separately, weakened 
by being detached from the whole, and loosely handled (as thsy 
alwi^ys are in common conversation), may be liable to a variety 
of cavil and exceptions. And half a dozen such specious exc^ 
tions artfoUy raised to Mr. JodreU*8 Answer (which, as it is an 
Answer, is expected to account fiilly for every thing), will give 
^ Bishop c^ London^s objections more weight than they ynH 
ever be able to procure by their own merit., 

*' Hie more likewise the real strength of your Grace's claiai 
continues tn Uaiu 9110, the less likely, in my poor judgmei^, it ii 
loSe attacked in a CoMrt of Law. But this is certain, that in cpiyt 
of an att^okj an aigument which makes its first appearanee 
tnua the mouth of an able advoeate, and has the grace of no* 
velty attending it, is much more likely to strike in the only 
^ace where it is of importance tliat it should do so, than one 
{hat is grown st^e and cheap, by having been t^e )i$ckney and 
tjnite suQJ^t of coipvaw convei's^tipA* 


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Google . 


But to return to our d^it. On the 1 5th of May^ 
1755, Dr. Forster was admitted a Fellow of the Royal 
Society; and on the laJth of the following May wa* 
sworn one of the Chaplains to his late Miy^sty (ieorge 
the Second. In the Summer of 1757, be was, through 
the interest of Lord Royston, appointed by Sir Tho»- 

" Nor can your Oraee be considered as lying; under the least 
obligation to publish any thin^ at pr««e^t on the subject. Tha 
Bishop of London b^ been eight years in couking up for thp 
Piiblick his objections j and I am sorry to say, that your Grace, 
in yoar present situation, has too good a right to at least an 
equal time before you put in your answer to th!ea. 

"But your Grace wants jicrhaps, by publishing 4pdrell*8 Answar, 
. to lid your bands al once of a very disa^^reeable affair. Will thif 
effect, however, certainly follow ? Will not the Answer mor^ 
probably beget a Reply, and a controversy } (In the other hand, 
I am fully persuaded, if no further notice is taken of the Bishop 
of London^s pamphlet, ijt wiU soon either die a natural death, 
CO- at least be ranked among the many bold random ii^coherent 
conceits that have flowed ft'om his warm iancj, and stiQ 
warmer and more impetuous^ disposition. And it is, perhs^s, 
worth obs^ving, that the I^hop of London has contrived to 
publish bis objections ^t a time in which (on account of the pre^ 
sent state of things) as little attention as possible is likely to be 
paid to them. Natb. Forster.*' 

'' Dear Fobstbr, Ormfdon Ifyu$e, April ^7, 1756. 

" Since I saw you yesterday, 1 thpught over ypur propo^ 
exchange again ^ and, on my best judgment, tim of opinion, 
that, so far as you are concerned, you had better drop it. Your 
Prebend is a better thing ; and when 7011 come to settle at 
Rochdale, if that be your lot, you wHI Uke to oome to London 
QQce a year, and may at the same time easily pay yovr duty tQ 
Bristol, You observed rightly to me, that the people of Man- 
chester will easily see through the artiHce of an exchange for 
the Warden, and therefore not be over-disposed to like his suc- 
cessor ; ami, I doubt, the expedient of non-residenoe for a 
time would be no very likely metliod to get them rid of their 
prejudices, and the Warden consequently in no likely capacity of 
serving the Government in that staticm. I know your spirit is 
never daunted by Jacobitism ; but the best spirits caa*t stand all 
trials. Besides, 1 can say it from experience, that it may be no 
easy matter to bring the Duke of Newcastle into such a mea* 
sure. He knows the Wardenship is in good hands, and his pre* 
sent business is to get rid of embarrassments at home *, and, if 
thesctone of my B[rother] Chester* it not like to take place— or 
indeed if it is — ^I speak as a Friend, I think you had better have 
00 shire in the system. Vou base my thoughts ; and now follovr 
your own. Your Friiend, Xiio. Cantua*/* 

s Dr. Edmund Ketne. 


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mas Clarke^ to succeed Dr.Terrick, as Preacher at 
the Rolls Chapel. In the same year, in the month 
of August, Dr. Forster married Susan, relict of John 
Balls, esq. of the city of Norwich, a lady of great 
merit, and possessed of considerable fortune *. In 
view of his mafriage be hired a house in Craig*s- 
court,^ Westminster, where he was permitted to con* 
tinue, in possession of the purest domestic happiness, 
only a very short time. On the 20th of the October 
following, little more than two months after his 
marriage, and in the 41st year of his age, he became 
an early victim to that excess of application, whjch 
no admonition of his friends, or prediction of fu* 
ture suffering, had been able to restrain. His body 
was buried in St. Martin's church, Westminster. 

To the testimonies that have been offered from 
some of the greatest characters of the age in which 
he lived, to the learning, ability, and amiable qua- 
lities of Dr. Forster, may be properly added, the 
inscription engraved on the monument erected to his 
memory by his widow in the Cathedral Church of 
Bristol, written by Dr. Hay ter, then Bishop of Nor- 
wich, who well knew the various worth he has so 
justly a9d ably pourtrayed : 

" M. S. 
Nathanelis Forster,, S. T. P. nuperrim^ hujus Ec- 
clesise Preb. et paucis abhinc annis C. C. C. Oxon. 
locii. Dignus san^ erat, qui multiiarise laudis ex- 
emplar deoeatproponi, morum, fideique integritate, 
quse Christianum deceat, inculpatus; eruditione qust 
Theologum omat, instructissimus ; optimarumque 
artium cognitione accurate praecellens. Eximiam 
linguarum peritiam e6 unic^ direxit ut insitam cuili* 
Ibetgentiindolem penitiisinspiceret; proprium scrip- 
tori cuique ingenium certius eruere^ puramque ex 
ipso fon^e derivaret Sacri Codicis simplicitatem. 
]tlinc naturft sagax, doctrin& solers humanse mentis 

* This lady ^mm afterwards married to PhUip BedingCeld^ aq. 
•f DirfhiDgfaanii Norfolk^ hy whom she had issue. 


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exploTRtor, philosophorum veterum sectas, primarid 
qu&dam placitorum communicatione sibi invicem 
affines, et in diversa paulatim deductas schplaram 
discrimina pne ceeteris calluit notare et distingoere. 
Hinc porr6 reconditos Platonis sui sensus, non, ut 
plerumque fit, levitertantum perstringet, sed, quod 
k Platonis oiim amico et familiari quodam expec- 
tandum fiiisset, specioso verboram involucro exutos 
coram lectore sistit, fidui interpres. 

^^ Ne talem viram non satis ob oculos haberent 
posteri, hoc amoris luctAsque sui monumentum ex* 
tare voluit uxor superstes. 
" Ob. xx^ die Octob*, a. d. mdcclvii^ «tat xli^.** 

That a Scholar of Dr. Forster's attainments, so 
greatly distinguished too by Prelates, not only of 
the most exalted rank, but of the highest intellec* 
taal character, would be well known to the literary 
world, seems a matter of course. But the gentlemen 
(beside those before mentioned) with whom he lived 
in the closest habits of intimacy or friendship, were 
the Rev. Zachary Mudge, author of a Translation of 
the Psalms &c. Dr. Barton, Dr. Kennicott, Dean 
Tucker, Dr. Benson, Bishop of Gloucester, his 
great successor Warburton (with whom he ooca* 
sionally maintained a literary correspondence, as 
has been before alluded to), and Dr. Hajrter, Bishop 
of Norwich. 

His character in private life was that of much 
discernment, mildness, and benevolence. He shewed 
bis contempt of what was absurd, and his abhorrence 
of what was wicked, in a manner the most likely to 
produce a good efibct on those whom he wished to 
convince or reform ; at the same time, with a most 
perfect command of his own temper. By an uniform 
application to study, he acquired and deserved the 
character of most extensive general erudition, and 
^reat critical acumen ; and arrived at a knowledge 
m the Greek, Latin, and Hebrew languages, not ex- 
ceeded by any man of his time. 


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N0TB8 on the TiNDAL Pedigkeb. 

* This Fed]gree> which sets out with very high pretensions, 
came into the possession of the Rev. Thomaa Crompton, of Cran- 
worth, Norfolk, in consequence of his nuirriage with Elizabeih, 
daughter of the late Rev. Peter Forster (see Gent. Mag. voL 
LXXXIV. Part II. p. 83), sun of the within-mentioned Robert 
Forster, Clerk. It was, it is believeri, deduced, except with the 
addition of a very few names, by the Rev. Nicholas Tlndal, the 
Translator &c. of Rapin*s Hbtory of England. There was a good 
branch of the ^mily of Tindal settled at Brotherton, in York- 
shire. The last male was Bradwardin Tindal t esq. well known 
and esteemed in his county. He left an only daughter, married 
to Edward Thomp on, of Marsden, near York, esq. whose daugh- 
ter (wife of General Wolfe) was mother to the femoos General 
Wolfe, killed at Quebec. 

t Slmn at the battle of Cressey, 1346, 

X Married, when her husband was twelve years old, 1309. 

§ Tindale Baron of Langl^^y. This Adam lived in the time of 
King John. His name is from a dale in Northumberland, near 
which the North Tine rises, and crossing the Picts Wall, joins 
the South Tine at Langley Castle, where the fsunily resided. At 

Hexham is a 6ne draught of a monument de Tindale 

and Heloiza his wife. The Barony of Langley came to the 
Ratdififes, and by the attainder of the Earl of Dcrwentwater 
was forfeited to Uie Crown, and is now vested* by Act of Parlia- 
ment in die Royal Hosfntal at Greenwich. See Dugdale, volume 
II. ; Camden's Britannia, p. 848 f and Madox^s History of 
the Exchequer. Adam de Undale left only a daughter, married 
to the Baron of Boleby. In the Great Rolls of King John is the 
following article : " Adam de Tindale debet x marcas pro habenda 
teizina Rot. de Langel, qui appellatur Wivetelisa cum pertinea- 
tiis." Mag, Rot 10 Jac. Rot. 7. Northumberland. 

II Sir W. Tindal was knighted at the creation of Arthur 
Prince of Wales^ Son of Henry VI T. He was by inquest found 
cousin and coheir of Thomas Lord Scales, and shared the estate 
with John Vere, Earl of Oxford. Camden's Brit. p. 2d3. Sir 
William Tindal was found next in blood by the Felbrigs and the 
Earl of Oxford by the Howards. ' 

«* Sir John Tindal was knight of the Balh at the Coronatioo 
of Queen Anne Bullen. It has been said that he was sent for by 
the Bohemians to be their King, but that he jrefosed to go. The 
Baron de Slavetta, a Bohemian, told his Grandson Dr. Uumphiy 
Undal, Master of Queen's College, Cambridge, that of right a 
Tindal should be their King ; and that when the Ardibishop of 
Cdogne forsook the Pope in hopes by four Electors to chooses 
King of the Romans against the House of Austria, Sir John Tin* 
dal was sent for to set up his title ; but the Archbishop being 
thrust out of Cologne, tlfs design miscarried. This is verified 
fay Beterius, an ItaSan, who, in a book printed in 1630, p. 97S, 
says : '' Sir John Tlndal,an Englishman, was sent for by the Bobe- 
. ttiians with presents by their Ambassadors^ but he refiised to go.*' 
This stocy is well known at Cambridge, particularly at Queen's. 

tt Buried in Ely Cathedral. See Bentham's Ely, 

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ABP. HMtMlfG AKD Dtt^ 0UCAREL. 3(f^ 

%* IsfaslJ ttAoB tbiroppoftuinty of^gbing Mme-fixtracta fttrar the ' 

Corraspoadenoe of Archbishop Usbriko with Dr. Ducarbl. 
«' Si», Crwfdtm HouMt, AprH^4, 1754. 

" Mr. QnnoeUor of London* coiBitiimioated to me, a Lttter ' 
iHik^jrovMiitlimoii the sabjcctoftheCHd Palace here; fbrwhioh 
I HRMt take the liberty to thank you. I love this oki Home, and 
^«aa very desiroiie of aoMuinff myftdf, if I couki find meant todo * 
it; with thb hirtoiyof its buUdings; for the house is not one, but " 
meet certainly an aggregate of buildings of di£ferent tastes and^* 
ages« Your coi^eotures aiise almost to proofe; but what yow 
iwntian will probably give further light into this matter, ir 
kDow of no we^ for you to consider the buBdings thorough^} 
but on the spot -, and shall be glad, whraererthe ChaBceliorofr 
London and'younelf will do me that pleasure to wait upon yoa* 
here at dinner. Here are too several Coats of Arms, one intelli* 
gfiile only to such an Antiquary as you 3 and some of later date. 

*' The Rtgiaters at Lambeth shall be open toyour inspfcction 3 
and I think too, there arc bundies of antient Accompt-books of 
the Archbishops, which may probably help you still forwarder 
ia tliia enquiry. You conipiiment me more tlkan is due to me; 
iisr a yrety great repair was done here by Archbishop Wake, 
who lived here several Summers, a«d has a title to a large 
share of your commmidation. 

"TUerfr are the remains of a house at Stockwell Green, 
jwt without the old moat on the left hand> this wa^, that l^ 
the windows seems of the same date of building with this. 

** I am. Sir, your obliged humble servant, Tho. Camtuar/* 
" Mt Loan, Docton Camnumtt AprU^T, 1754. 

*' I have received the honour of your Grace's most obliging 
Letter, for which I beg leave to return you my most humble 
(hanks. — It is a very great happiness and satis&ction to me to 
think that my poor endeavours toward giving some account 
of the ArehieiuBOopal Palace at Croydon f can give your Grace 
the lea0t aonisement. And since you are pleased to offer me 
the ins|iectk>n of the valuable Collection of Records at Lambeth, 
I beg leave to assure your Grace, that 1 will examine them with^ 
all She cane and attention I am capable of, and will, with your . 
GrMe*8 permission, extract fWmi' them eveiy thing that ma^ 
iBiMtrate the History of CroydonPakcc. 

** The perusal of the Records and bundles of ancient Accompt* 
books oi the Archbishops ae Lambeth, vi^l aaaitredly aflEM 
matter of observatioa and curiosity to an< Antiquaiijr'5 as they 
L-not only the publk^, but also the pidvaie Aoli or lnstm« 
i-oi year Gtaee's Predsc^ssers in then Archiepiscopal ca** 
ty and consequently will ascertain the dates, as well as* 
tbs-placea of reskience, of eaeh Archhiflhopv.ckar up some poinlB 
wkiefa yet remain in obscurity, and help* me still* fiarwarder in. 

* Dr. John Betteiworth, his M^est/i Adrocate in the Office of Admi- 
rtlty, am) Chancellor of London, 
t Publ«»bed in « BibKinheca TosographicsBrttannict," No. Xll. Kaif* 
Vol. IX. X this 

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tUs woilc. Before I had tHe honour of your Qraofe*s Lsttor/ I 
had already made extracts from Wilkins^s Concilia, coDtainin^ 
all the printed Archiepiscopal Acts which bore date from Croydon ; 
and as they appear to me to be proper additions to the account 
1 had given to the Chancellor of London, which he was pleased 
to communicate to your Grace, I humbly presume to inclose 
them herewith, and hope your Grace will excuse the liberty i 
take in so doing. — Your Grace will give me leave to add, that 1 
^11 make it my business to take a view c^ the House at Stock- 
vsell Green ; and if I can hereafter make any further discovery 
relating to the History of the Fftlace at Croy<lon, or can, upon 
this or any other occasion, meet with convenient opportunities 
of convincing your Grace of the respectful veneration and great 
duty I have for your Grace, I shall think my time usefully and 
happily employed. 

<* The Chancellor of London desires I wouki present his duty 
to your Grace $ to whom we are extremely obliged for the kind 
invitation which your Grace is pleased to give us, and intend to 
wait upon your Grace as soon as it b in our power. 

*' 1 have the himour to remain, with the most profound re- 
spect and submission, my Lord, your Grace's most obedi^it and 
most devoted humble tetvwat, A. C. Ducabbl *,'" 

" Sib, " Croydon House, Jan, 12, 1754-5. 

*' I received Mr. Giffiud*8 obliging present j and as I have 
not the pleasure of knowing him, I must beg the &vour of you, 
who have, to thank him for it, when you see him. 
" Over the principal door at Sir John Lee*s house at Addington : 
' In fbuiteen hundred and none. 
Here was neither stick nor stone ; 
In fourteen hundred and three. 
The goodly building which vou see.' 

" I am, Sir, your obliged Friend, Tho. Cantuar." 

'* Mt Lord, Jan. 16, 1754*5. 

'' I had the honour of receiving your Grace's most obliging Let* 
ter on Tuesday last ; and immediately wrote to my friend Mr. 
.Giffiurd, to acquaint him with it. 1 expect to see him this evenhug 
at the Society of Antiquaries ; and am well assured he will be 
extrem^y pleased to find the Prints proved acceptable to your 
Grace. I beg leave, my Lord, to retiun you many thanks for the 
Inscription at Sir John Lee's House at Addington. it is very 
remarkable, and was entirely new to me. In our modem days, 
houses of any consequence are not built with so much expeditkin. 
Your Grace will, however, permit me to mentk>n the only in- 
sittnce of the like nature (the hint perhaps taken from Adding- 
ton) that has happened within my memory. I mean Sir Greeory 
Page's house on Blackheath, the first stone whereof was nki, 
and the house entirely built, furnished, and inhabited, within three 
years. My Account of Croydon is very near finbhed; but I daily 
iiiieet with so many disappointments from the ti*anscriber ; and 
ibe pei-son intended to take Views of the Palace not being able 


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to attend befbre next weekj 1 cannot pronlise niysdf the So- 
noor of waiting upon your Grace with it till next month. 

" It gives me great pleasure to find from the Master of the Fa- 
ci]Mes *, that your Grace approves of my intention 6f regulating 
and making an Index to the Papers and Registers at Lambeth; 
and as your Grace will be so good as to acconmiodatc me in such 
a manner as wiU render the undertaking most easy, I shall with 
the greatest pleasure set about the work as soon as Croydon 
is completed ; and shall think myself very happy> i£, whtti it is 
dcoe, it shall answer your Graces expectations. I have the honour 
to remain, with the greatest duty, my Lord, yonr Grace's most 
devoted and obliged humble servant, A. C Ducabbl/* 

" My Loan, March 4, 1754-5. 

'^ Since I had the honour of wailing upon your Grace at 
Croydon, I have looked over my notes, and, according to your 
Grace's oommands, by this night's post can inform you, that I 
find three instances in the last century of two lives being jcraned 
in the Vicar General's patent. The first, dated June 27> 1605, 
to Edward Stanhope and Thomas Crompton, knights, LL. DD. 
The second, dated Dec. 10, 16^, to Thomas Ridley, knight, L. D. 
and to Nathaniel Brent, L. D. The last, dated Nov. 18, 167% 
to Robert Wyseman, knight, L. D. and Thomas Exton, L. D. 

" I have the honour to remain, with the most profound re- 
spect, my Lord, your Grace's most obedient, most devoted, 
humUe servant, A. C. Docarel." 

" Mt Lohb, Doctors Commoru, July 5, 1755. 

" I take the liberty of troubling your Grace with an account 
of a very remarkable Pulpit f in the Collegiate Church of St. Ka- 
tliarine near the Tower $ which, being a piece of antiquity 
hitherto unobserved, will, 1 hope, not prove unacceptable to your 

'' I continue, my Lord, to use my utmost implication and di* 
ligence in making an Index to your Regii^er intituled ' Peck* 
ham.* And 1 can with great truth assure your Grace, that, ever 
aioce I first had it, I have constant^ worked at it every day ; and 
I hope, that, when I have c^^mpleted it, with the assistance of my 
good friend Mr. Mores, we shall be so happy as to have your 
entire approbation of that work. 1 have the honour to subscribe 
myself, with the most profound respect, my Lord, your Grace's 
most obedient and mostdutifol humble servant, A. C: Ducabxl.'* 
" Dr. DucARXL, Croydon House, July 7f 1755. 

** I thank you for your last civiosity, and am much pleased 
with your application to the intended Index. 1 had the favour of 
a Tisit lately from the Earl of Morton X» '^^'^ told ma he had 

• Dr. Flraiicis Topbam, Master of the FacuHiefy and Judf^e of tb^ Pre* 
fogBtive Court at York, by whose recomnDcndation Dr. Ducarel was first 
introdoeed to Archbishop Herrinfc. See vol. VI. p. 393. 

f BibliothecaToposrapbicaBritannica, No.V. Plates V1I->XIV. p. 37« 
t James 0ou|;laB, fourteenth Earl of Morton, Pctiident of tlw Royal 
Society, &C.&C. 

X ^ OBi 

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50& tITBRiWY 4lt£CiWVB8v 

oQei and^ had seen several, ii^^lruinenU sigped bf James tbe 
First of Scot^od at Oregon. TW Kujig was 17 yean priiGBct 
ia Bnglaiid^ from 1406 to 14^> and was allowed ^OOOL per (m- 
num. Nowl thiJUk it very Mkefy he occupied the Flnlaee h«ii» 
some part of that time, though, I thinks Rajparsays^he foo-waa 
keptiatbeCastkof Odiam. Your assured Friend, THOvCAtfTVAR«** 

'' Hr. TkuQMLEh, Crofilm Hmme^ Sffrt. 90, 1755 

^ f hai^e your Letter; and, as sooa at yov are ntJfy, shall be- 
giad tor meet yoa some momhigat Latnbethr whither I cOBie 
on business very fi'oqoently. <— I am sorry I did not receive ymir 
hint before, aboot the Sub-iibrtoriaB's phuce (6v the Mvseutn, 
whose appointment, though notyetsettleid, tshke to be what yon- 
mention. I am but one oip three who dispose of that place, and 
the otberi of inferior vahis* f have lately^ proMitied to servcf a 
particukai* man, and therefore am sony i did not bear of you be- 
fbre,, for it woidd be gveat pleasure to rae to obKge y€« in^ any 
thif^. The Lord Chancelior and Speaker are the other two 
TVustees* laili. Sir, your aftiued Friend, Tho. Cantuar/' 

" Dr. DvcAJtSL, Croydon Hou9e, Nw>. 23-> )755. 

** I ask your pardon for not answering your Letter sooner. I 
forbore to d» it, partty id h(^>es of seeing you last week at 
Lambeth. I dkl not ooine ta town, but tbeflnit tioAel d« I 
witi endeatvoQr ta give ytou notice of it to meet me there. I 
thank you for the beaudml Engraving; and am, Sirv 

** Your assured Friend, Tho. Gawtpab." 

" My Loan, Doctors Commons^ Jvn^ 29, IT^O*- 

** A Letter which \ receivid last night frodi the R^. Dr. Fors- 
ter acquaints me with your Grace's goodness in applying to the 
Lord Bishop of Winchester on my oehalf, which, ^oogh un* 
snccessftdlyv is a new and an unexpected- mark of your LenMiipV 
fiivour to me, for which I beg leave to return you my most hum«> 
ble and sincere thanks. — I have, for youi* Gtaoe*s entertaimneat, 
taken the liberty herein to inclose a copy of an Inventory* of 
Ancient Ckucefa Furmtorev which- was taken at S0renoke^ 3 kidv 
April, 1513;. As it is the only one i have ever met with^ I have 
transcribed it out of Archbishop Windiebey's RegiMer, add^lnpe* 
it will give your Grace some nnnsement. 

" 1 <£re say your Lordship will not think mff thne ha$becirn[i}»-~ 
employed since I had the honour of waiting upon you^it Croydon 
in December last, when f took the liberty to'acquaint you, that 
I began on the 20th of that month my Index to the Register of 
Arc&ishop Winchelsey ; and that it was compietelj finished On 
the 94th of this months and ianaw writing out foir. It VfnA' 
pot, myLord,be, lifethelaM,amereiIhdeK; for this contaiaa- 
not only an Index, but likewise a complete Alphabetical Ab- 
stntet of every individual Instniitoefit extant in that Ke^t^« 
plhced' under proper head^, so that at one view may be setti' 
wliatever is therein to be found relating to any subject. Tliie 
ijamesand dates of Institutions, &c. of every Clei^^wmn are placed 
under their respective parishes; the names and datea of evei^ 
9 , Com* 

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CQiiiiaii«k>n ure lUiflwise $fts»vad^ and Mck 'liMMiMiiU m 
«0evQr3rffenarlfiib]e4ure oepledal faength. f^rtet metos, uny 
ioixV nobody 6iat cones to March can be at .any Iom, beeeuie 
•tbiqr «yi«C<onorknoff whether wbat b-iffoilodiB or ia not thea^. 
I «balU 'i«|r LarA, ^oatiiiiie the aaiMapplMatiea anddiiigciiocai 
the fiBttniaiog^ (Kegbtert i and hope, if iG^d ^resA-ves 019^ iilb 
.-and h^kh, that this ^prrtent jwar w§H ibe dosed wkh tbe Regij- 
'tm.Of Arehhbhop Chicbeley, fvhioheDd in l%4d. 

''1 haiiethehenoiir loauiMCfiheittjodf,ji^ith.§ir^ 
duty, my Lafd, gmir Grace's asostehecbeivt, A.<.M)iiOAJtct/*i' 
" iiv 1>>«D* i>oc#or» C^aimoKt, June B, 1T56; 

'' Having some time since found m Arahbiahap ReynoUs^ 
iBi^ter an tndeotutie cuncerning the enlarging of /yoer Grace's 
Kard» at Croydon m the year i31S, being the 9th of KMg 
£dward II. I b^ leave to ttoitble you mth aoOie thoughts upon 
it ; and hope yon will excuse an buaibte attempt to <liacoTer« If 
pofisible, what |)art of that garden fvvas then enlarged; 

" The indenture is thte? 'lata Wk^aiaiacta fiiit die Jbvib 
proK* |K)st festum AnnuDoiaiionis B. B. Virginia, anno^pcgni 
itegis Kdfrardt fiMi Ragis Edwardi odavx), intehr d*num Wait6> 
rum Dei ^*k Cant' Airchiep*iiaQ tocius Aaglie piini^ftem ex 
parte ian&> r et: Wallemm Ace Kenesbnik jH E^^easm uiorem c^ 
ax alteift^ ^tie teatator ifuod dietns doni s Wakenis pro se «c 
MeoeaMribvbi.suis itnparpetcn» perquieivit, pso augasentatione 
gardiai ^AtHrofj^mAsm, «x dmiatione et eonceasinne dictor* Wai*£nime, qteoadam pedan terre^ dnm^iam acram oontiaenr 
toili die hereditate ^hcte Emine; et <licti Wakenw et Eirnna 
ooaoadunc nro se et heredibtts suis, de valore dicie ])eoie terre 
per dieliiin d-nura Waltenun eis ptenstfi^ iote satisfecdttn/ 

" ArcUiaahop Reynolds heU the see of Canterbttry from 1313 
to \S%7, which avas fitnn the «th of King Edvraid 11. to the Sd 
€f King £<]hrard 111. and his diief residence appears to have 
been at lAOibeth, Ottefbrd, Mortelake, Sonthmallyngs, and 
Croydon.*-«Who Walter atte Kenesbrok was I linow not ; but 1 can«> 
vat helf» obaerviDg, that aboitt ten years afterwards via. in 1385^ k 
appean from the Register, that one Thonias 4e Keneifaroi(«» 
explain to Arohbishc^ Reynolds, was by him madeseottestraior 
genend of liia Diooeae, and afterwaivb had other preferments} 
<ttid 4his Jeads sne to think he was related to Walter atte Kene8<> 
Mi, who, withhb wifSs, might be willing to obttgethe Arch* 
biihap witli this^piece of ground upon eaay terms, m arder to obt 
tain saoae i^ucthar preflerment for their kinsman. We nniat eon* 
fiider OM^fdoo at that time as nothing more than a .ilitn0r'*hi>«ae» 
standii^ wtieie the present Palace daes^ i. e. on the North si^e 
of the garden, whidi was open to the East and South, and 
boaaded ^ the vicarage honaeon the West. From an iaoperfect 
BoU (aow moaaining at Lambeth) we reoeiYe soma little Jiaht.a6 
to the ffarden at Croyndon, mention being therein made of some 
work doupe jm the kitchen^^arden and the vineyard, there grben 
Rlchan) de JPairford was baitiff, and Thomas de .BenNMbasham 


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reore of Oofdott, in the time of King Edirard II. TUi %hffWB 
the garden was then diTided into two parts/ the kitchen-garden 
being that next to the house, and the vineyard beyond it. In 
Idrmer times a garden or an orchard were synonymous terms ; 
and whoever confers the situation of this, will find it was every 
way proper for that purpose, it being a rule among the gardeners, 
^ that those orchards, cdteris paribus^ thrive best which lie open 
to the South, South West, and South- East, and are screened from 
the North,* which is the case at Croydon. Most country-houses 
had fontierly an orchard, and made their own cvder at home, 
which liquor Is generally thought to have been introduced into 
'thi^ kii^om by the Normans. 

*' When Mneyards were fim cultivated in England, 1 am not 
^e to say; it might, |)erhaps, be in the reign of King Ed- 
ward IT. ; it is remarkable, however, that no Statute relating io 
.wine* is extant till the 4th year of Edward 111 % e. 13S0. 
Vineyards aie mentioned in Domesday Book. The Vineyard at 
Croydon was beyond the garden (upon what is now called the 
New Ground) which was a proper situation, as lying open to 
the South ; and it is the present opinion of many gardeners, ' that 
it is not so much owing to the inclemency of the air that our 
grapes are generally inferior to the foreign ones, as to the vrant 
of a just culture ;* — ^witness the celebrat^ vineyards at Bath and 
at Bromton. Having now endeavoured .to shew where this vine- 
y«rd was, we must consider the garden then as divided (like the 
piesent one) in two parts, and the vineyard as the outermost. 

'* The garden does not seem to have been enlaiged towards 
the East. It couki not, on account of the vicarage- house and 
garden, be enlarged to the West. The Manor-house prevented 
its enlaigement to the North ; and therefore the half acre in 
question must have been beyond the vicarage-house, and ad« 
joining to the Vineyard towards the South and South-west. If 
80, it must haveJbroke in upon part of the Vineyard In it there 
migl^ then be high trees, which overshadowed it, and prevented 
some of the grapes from ripening; besides, it very probabtf 
formed an angle, whk:h upon the purchase was destroyed, and 
the Vineyard thereby became more r^ular and open -, and 1 am 
the more inclined to think so, because otherwise Walter attt 
Kenesbrok could have no entrance into his ground but from the 
road on the South-west, where, as I am informed, is to this day 
a back door into the gardens of Croydon town. — These coi\|ec- 
tures are, my Lord, humbly submitted to your consideration ; 
and I beg leave to subscribe myself, with thej^moet profound re- 
spect, my Lord, your Grace's most obliged, * A C. Ducarbl.** 
"My Lord, Docton Commons, August 17, 1756. 

^* In a letter I had the honour to write to your Grace on the 
5th of June last, I took some notice of the Vineyard in the gar« 

• Wine it to be tried twice a year, vljr.-at Easter and Biicbaelnias, fey 


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den at Croydon in the time of King Edward 11. and was of opi- 
men that Vines were first cultivated in his reign. Since that> my 
Lord, 1 have met with the following hint re&ting to Vineyards^ 
which seems to cr»nfirm that conjecture. 

** Henry de Estria, on the resignation of Thomas Kyngm(H«> 
was elected Piior of Canterbury on the 11th ides of April, 1285, 
and waa that day day installed by Archbishop Peckham. He was 
a great and valuable man, a brave assertor of his Church's liber- 
ties, and a careful steward of its revenues. He was Prior 47 
years, in which he did many memorable things, built and re- 
paired much both of his churcti and manors ; took an exact 
account of the income, treasure, vestments, plate, and omea- 
ments of the Church, and was himself a great benefactor to it, 
both in plate, jewels, and vestments He died in the year, on the 6th ides of April, at the time of high mass, aged 
9^ years*. — 'In his time,* savs Somnerf, 'the church was 
plentifully furnished with vines, as Colton, Berton, St. Martin's, 
Chertham, Brook, and Hollingbourn. all manors of the same.' 

*• If so. my Lord, it sems as if Vineyards were then planted, 
and in fashion ; and thb circumstance, with the imperfect Roll 
in the time of Edward H. formerly mentioned, seems to confirm 
there being a Vineyai*d at Croydon in those days. 

" I hope your Gi-ace will not be di8])leased with this short 
anecdote ; and 1 beg leave further to asure your Lordship, that 
nothing gives me more pleasure, than when I am so lucky as to 
find any thing that can improve the imperfect account \^hich 1 
have had the honour of compiling of the Palace of Croydon. 

'* I have the honour, &c. &c. And. Coltee Ducarel." 

" My Lord, Not. 2, 1756^ 

*' I was this day informed by Mr. Skelton, Register of tlie 
Consistory Court of the ^hop of London, that he had ordera 
from his lordship to present one printed copy of his Book rela- 
ting to Options I to morrow (being the first day of our Term) 
to every Advocate in Doctoi-s Commons ; and, as I think it my 
indispensable duty, take the liberty of troubling your Grace with 
this Letter, to acquaint you with it. As this matter, my Lord, 
is of the highest importance to your See of Canterbury^ permit 
me to assure your Grace, that no diligence or application is 
wanting on my side towards the finishing of the Indexes of your 
Registers. I am now, my Lord, got to the eleventh, 1 mean 
tbe fir&t part of Archbishop Chicheley's Register ; and a short 
time will, I hope, bring me to that of Cardinal Pole. 

'' It will then, my Lord, be an easy matter to throw all that 
appean in them relating to Options under one head^ 1 mean^ for 
your own use ; but I am humbly of opinion (with submKsioB 
to your Grace's better judgment), that nothing of that sort caji 
be done, till I have gone through the old Registers, and have tha 

« Dart's HUtoryof Ciinterbury. f P. 145. 

Z See beforei io tbe M«aM>ira of 0r. Nstb. Forster, p. 997- 


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bappUiMB to arriTe at that of Caidkial Pote* whtoh ^mU., I 

4are say, be in a very few moDlbs. I have the honor to ire* 

'Xnain, with the most profound respect, Sue, &c. A. C. Dv casm..*' 

Mr. William Herring to Or. Dugaiubl. 

'' Worthy Sir, BoltonrPen^, June afl, IT^D. 

*' My &ther was fi^TOured with your Letter, which had been 

^iMHSwered sooner, but his hands are so weak he is scarce able to 

.write at all ; ,and, as I do not now. live at York, he was obliged, to 

■^irait an o|i(X)r(unity of seeing me, and fucnashiog me with a 
j^rpper answer to your application. He presents his respeels to 
jou, and is sorry it is not in his power to assist your worthy and 
.bfenevolent intentions in such a manner as his ingenious fneDd 
Mr. Hall thought he might be able to do. The.good Archbiah^p 
imd he were brought up together almost from their iofoncy, bat 
parted early in life -, for in the year 1713 he left his Graee at 
Bene*t College, pursuing his studies. They had always a constant 
correspondence and strict friendship, having loved as brethren ; 
but he cannot say he could upon recollection, or from the many 
:Letters he has, pick up any thiog worth communicatiQg Co you 
to answer the end you propote. So £ur my good parent, who 
desires 1 will make an apology for his inability to write. 

** As to printing a thing of this kind, or any thing else fe- 
lating to bun, or even re-printing bis Sermons } it would be so 
expressly contrary to his ii^unctions and dyingrequeat to.os, 
that, I am persuaded, no true Friend of his Graoe*s, when in- 

jformed of it, would desire to do it $ but, as what you kind}/ |m>- 
pose comes not at all, I think, within his intentions, no one of the 
family could have any objection to it. 

'' It was I that that troubled you about my friend^s living in 
Wales ; and you was so good .as to acquaint me that you cooU not 
fiqd any thing material relating to it. The name of the parish^ 
Uanrwst, a small market-town in Denbighshire ; and of the wort^ 
"Bector, Mr. Jones. As 1 suppose, you may have looked moce 
minutely into the Surveys in marking an Index, if any thing should 
appear relating to the said parish, and you will be so good ^& to 
send it to Mr. Jones at lianrwst in Denbighshire, I shall jesteem^U 
as afavoor. We truly rejoiced at your call to Canterbury, vdter^ 
1 hope you found and left our worthy Friend Mr. Hall well. Ji 
you ever travel Northward, it would give us great pleasure to see 

. you hei'e, within three miles of Tmlcaster. Mrs Herring joi^^ 
in respects with. Sir, your most obliged, W. Hbicring." 

[Archbishop Herring had three Nephews, amongst whom he 
divided his Library. One of these was the Rev. John Hesring, 
ItMor of Great Mongeham, Kent -, to which he was presents 
in January 1757> a very short time before, his Uncle's death. 
He had been admitted at Bene't College, Cambridge, 1748 j 
jiroceeded B. A. 1753 > M. A.. 175.5 > and married to his second 
^fife, 1770, a dau^ter of George Lynch, M. D. He died Sept 
OT, 1803. — Of lliomas, another Nephew, who was Rector of 
Chevening, aftd ^ifd.^ fCqnajngton in 1774^ aee ?ol..IL p. 536.] 


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was born in London in 1716. Of his parents fttfle 
is known. His fiadier is said to have oceasionalty 
resided at an old house at Poplar^ which had a 
large hanging ^rden and a building at the bottom ; 
and this, tradition reported, :had li^n the Labora^ 
tory of Sir Richard Steele. Mr. Hall was sent early 
to Eton, admitted on the foundation in 1729 ; and 
elected to King's College, Cambridge, in 1 735, wbeie 
of course :he Ic^came a Fellow in 1 738 ; B. A. 1 740 ; 
M. A. 1744- Being recommended by Dr. Chapmim 
to Archbishop Potter, his Grace appointed him his 
Librarian at Lambeth, in 1 74S, on the resignatian 
of Mr. Jones. In that station he continued till tbe 
dead] of his Patron in I749; when Archbishop 
Herring, who succeeded to the Primacy, being sen- 
sij>le of bis merit, not only continued bim in that 
office, but, on his taking orders, appointed him one 
of bis Chaplains ; and, m April 1750, collated him 
to the Rectory of Harbledown (vacant by the pro- 
motion of Mr. Thomas Herring to the JKectcuy of 
Chevening). In November 1752, the Archbishop 
collated hun also to the Vicarage of Herne, which 
he held by dispensation ; to which his Grace ^SteVf 
wards adkJed tne Stneeure Rectory of Orpington, in 
the Deanry of Shoreham, one of bis Peculiars. At 
this period his connexion with Dr. Ducarel (soon 
after his successor 93 Librarian) first. commenced; 
and A^ ^stdary intercourse was frequent*. 

* '' Riwr. »ui, M<ip 18, iyfi4. 

" I b^ J^ave to retarfk y^ia^jamf tj|»airi(ftlbr tbe chilkjcs you 
waa pleased to shew me at Croydon, ai¥l hope 3BOU will exmiae 
the.libertyaSchoolfeVow takea of troubUog you tvMi this, w1m» 
I infbna you it is u» obtain maxe InforBdaUon coacorning tbe 
History of Croydon Palao^. 

"At the eai9t epd of tbe Hall f acethe Knag's Anns; and km 
^bem are joined> oa the dext^ side, d^ ^nps .of fit. Edmonds 
of which, hsmng no 9kietch» I beg teaye you wlMtlMr 
thcyof^, Gfifi^, ft'Oross flewry Or> betwaan lour ConuabcbougiM 

t Tbm Aniks are en«^ve(tln the Hiftt'ory ^f Cfoydon, Plate V. p. €^. 


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In 1756, Mr. Hall vacated Heme, on being pre- 
sented to the Vicarage of East P^ckham by the Dean 
and Chapter of Canterbury, by whom he was much 
esteemeq, having gr^tly assisted their Auditor in 

proper (which, by th^ bye, is felse heraldry) ; or are they. Or, a 
eross fleuiy within an orl of martlets (five in number). My rea- 
son for asking is, that, if th^ prove to he the fbrmer, they are 
the arms of St. Edmond, and if the latter, those of (St.) Ed- 
ward the Confessor, which is a thing previously to be known j 
the arms of the Confessor you will find in Speed's ' History ojf 
Great Britain.* I believe I have found out when and by iTihom 
the King's Arms were placed in the Oreat Hall. The arou in- 
mediately under them are those of Archbishop Joha ^a0cMtL 
I fully intended to ha\ e taken an account of all the arms in the 
Hall and P&lace, and the names of the several Archbbhops they 
belonged to. But, not having an opportunity of efiecting it, I 
can onl]( say, that if I could be so happy as to obtain such an 
account, it would be of infinite service to me, and would greatly 
help to illustrate the History of that Palace, a thing I very much 
desire. The view I had of this Palace was a very great satisfac- 
tion to me, and has afforded me some ude^l buits of the age of 
feveral of the buildings. 

*' When you come to town, and if you will do me the pleasure 
to call upon me at Doctors Commons, 1 will entertain you wi<h 
a good many curiosities relating to the History apd Antiquities 
of England, and shall moreover be heartily glad to see yoa. 

''Be pleased to present my duty to hb Gi-ace. A. C. Ducabel.** 
'« Dear Sie, East Peckham, Aug, 9Q» 1757. 

" As I think I am able to answer the question in your Letter 
of the 9drd instant, I am glad you did not mention it to any 
other person ; and you will permit , me to assure you, once inV 
all, that you may depend on my keeping any secret which yoa 
shall please to entnist me with. 

" You know the Archbbhops in former days were nlwaya 
attended by a Registrer, or Writer of their Acts, who had aa 
office in each of the P^ilaoes where the Archbbbops resided. 
Thus in Reg. Islip, f. 1 10. a. we find. Camera Registrarii apud La 
Fbrde; and so long as thb officer, or hb deputy, attended the 
Archbbhops, and made a part of their Family, it b to be pre- 
sumed that the Regbter Books remained in hb custody ia one 
part of the Archbbhop's Palaces proper for that purpose. But, 
when thb office came to be executed by a person reskiing at 
Doctors Commons, the R^bter Books were removed to an 
office in that place, where thc^ remained, I think, until the 
time of Archlnshop Todisoilk, who wdered that they ahould be 
rttumed to Lambeth, In the Record Rotmi there, as it k 
called, aee several papers whkh were sent from Doctors Com- 
mons, there pot betpg room for them in the Rq;i8ter*s office. 


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)y Google 

REV. HfiNRY HALL. 315 

digesting many of the Records, Charters, &c. pre- 
served m their Registiy. In return, the late Dr. 
Walwyn (one of the Prebendaries, who vacated 
that Vicarage) was collated by the Archbishop to the 

Prom the time this office came to be executed by a I>eputy, op 
with an assistant^ the term ' Registrarius principalis* was used, 
to distinfi^uish the chief Registrer ^*om his substitutes ; although 
I am inclined to think it may bear another sense ; and supposing^ 
which I conceive to have been the cane, that the Archbishops 
employed several Registrers^ independent of each other^ for dif- 
ferent purposes, the title of principal might be given, as an 
honourable mark of distinction^ to one of them whose business 
it was to record the Acts of the greatest consequence. I have 
met with somewhere, but not having my papers with me I can't 
recollect in what Register, ' Officium Registrarii Curie audienf 
Domini,* which has long lain dormant, and which I presume is 
not worth the reviving. The principal Registrer, when I first 
went to Lambeth, was Mr. Haynes, who opened his patent for 
the admission of Mr. Potter and Mr. Gibson, upon whose lives 
the patent for that office now depends j and if you compare their 
patent with the oldest grants- of Regislrarii prinripales, I am per- 
suaded you will find that they at present enjoy the same office. 
After the extraordinaiy pains you have taken to the great service 
of the See of Canterbury, I should hope you would be in no dan- 
ger of having the library taken from you, especially considering 
thsLt it win be no easy matter for a succeeding Archbishop to find 
another person so well qualified ft^ the care of it. But, if you 
are apprehensive that the great and very useful work which you 
have undertaken will not be properly considered after you hiftv« 
finished it, it is in your ()Ower to keep it, as a pledge, in your own 
hands as long as you may find it convenien,t to do so. I am glad 
to hear you continue to make so great a progress in it j and you 
are certainly right to lose no time in bringing it down to the 
period you have fixed^ and in preparing your rough di*afts j but 
as for the fair copies, I think you should not be in too, much 
Jjsrte in partiug with them out of your hands. I have met with 
so many interruptions, that this is the thirc! time I have set down 
to write to you since the receipt of your last favour, which will 
account for my being so long in going through Islip's Register, 
1 am far from being tired with it j on the contrary, it has given 
nie great entertainment 5 and as I expected, I have discovered 
«oine things which I apjirehend will be of \x?e towards settling 
^ dispute concerning Options ; and I have foimd references to 
some others, which will probably answer the same purpose ; and 
if you should be of the same opinfon, I shaU be obliged to you 
for copies of them ; viz. Profession's Eptscoporum Assaoen. 4r Cclv, Sf 
^^fck. — ^What I am g<Mng to mention I quote by memory ; but I 
ihink Archbishop Winchelsey, in his monition to the Bishop of 


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:$i6 hvmfiAM .4Wsci>a»E8. 

Jbectei?|r of Great MongehMi^ YdMhylbe .4eMh of 
Mr. Bypcb, On tbe death of Ardlbi^qp Herring in 
.1757, Mr.-H^jreaigiiedtbeLiibrw 
beith** ; Afi^dA^Mfi tbttt-^ime.neBWed'f phieflyiat H«p- 

St. Davidls^ lavs ^gresX sijr^ ^poD thU parUpufar. fie bepat 
ynth saying. Cum tm ratione ,nave cr^atioriis St pbofbssiok]^ 
ve$lre t£neaminis aod mentions, it as ap ^^[grayaticHi offh^,^^op> 
'Refusal, that he was immemor profb^^iqni^. 1 $b^ld th^reljc^ 
think it would be of service to collect all that reioai|i« in the 
Hegisters relati|\g to this loatter. 

"The Bishop qf lx)ndon pretends that the Kight of Qptioo 
was a privily ^granted by, qr at least derived froxn, the P6pe0 
to the Archbishops. I have observed that the Archbishops have 
been very careful to insert in their Registers the favours they re- 
ceived n-om the Popes : and, in order to give a negative proof 
that the Option was not one of them, it may be proper to specify 
the sevend Papal powers which were delected to them, and for 
this reason I should be glad to know the contents of Clematis Ft. 
'Bulla Prwilegiorum, in £ 1. of Islip*8, Register. 1 have not met 
with an OpHon, in the sense in which you use it in your Letten, 
before Warham*s time. The Bishop of London, say^ it wa3 then 
^rst granted by Deed ; but I think I am able to prove the con- 
trary ; which was all I ^eant when J talked to you on that 
subject. Jn my present situation 1 have few opportunities tA 
hearing any new^ ; but I shall always be obliged to you for any 
relating to Lambeth, and the Library in particular. I am glad 
to hear that Mrs. Ducarel and yourself have recovered your healthy 
and wishing you both a long enjoyment of it, Hbnry Hall." 

* In which he was succeeded by Dr. Ducarel. 

t That he was not, however, inattentive to what .was passing 
$it Lambeth and at Croydon, the following Letters will te^^tUy : 
*' Dbar Sir, Harbledowne, fifar, I7, 1758. 

" 1 wrote to Mr. Vade t very soon after 1 received the favour of 
your last Letter, and desired him to wait upon you, which,! pre- 
sume he has done. If he should not approve of the achi^mei 
perhap his Curate, Mr. GreenhiU, may undertake the bgsmess, 
as he has a good fortune, which will enable him to support the 
expence which may attend it, and beside^ has several friends to 
recommend him to the Archbishop. But Warlingham is so 
conveniently situated with respect to Croydon, that I should 
think it would be very^ agreeable to Mr. Vade, especisilly if the 
expence of obtaining it should be no more than you appr^icnd 
it will be. Harris's Presentations, which you have discovered, 

t Jphn Vade, of Cl^re Hall, Qunbcidfe, B. A. 1743 ; M A 1747 Hi 
bad a dispensation io Jan. 1755, to hold the Vicarm^f Croydon with that 
of St. Nicholas in Rochester; and married, in that year, May 98, Blia 
Warebam. He died June 9, 1 7 65, aged 43 ; and was buried in the South 
iilft Af Croydon Cburoh, mken a flat itonc reoordsonlyibis aaaie and tba 


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bledownmalari^home, which be hired^ a ft i i;i * mu4to ^ 
the teat of Robert Mead Wiimot, esq^ Soon^aftm^thr 
death of Archbishop Herring, Mr. Hall was pre^ 
tented by his executors to the Treatorersbip ^ the 

smn U> mdoe iJbe onttor verf cletr; and I thdik Mi*. Vflfefe^ 
may at least prooeed as fcr as to take the opinion bf some tini^ 
nent Coimaftl on the oase, and tiy what effect it would liave« 
upoa the Fitron. If it nhall be plainly made to appear tb 
Mr. Atwoodf that he has iitufped the right of Pktroaagei 
he may peihaps be indueed to give up hia ckdao^ withoot 
a }us9^mtt, 80 Iftp as not to insist Qpoo kjfov tfttfftittirfe; BatV 
nippoaiiig Mr. Smith to be relatedto him, era pel se a fbv whom* 
he ouiy luifie a particular regard; he may aevenhelest be unwiUk 
ing* (a haT0 hhn deprived of the Liidi^^. This obttaele« heii^ ' 
evcr> may, I think, be easily removedi Mr» Yade is possessed o^ 
the Vicarage of St. Nicholas in Roebesler, whkb he must aeees- 
sariiyi quit upon his being instituted ta another Cure; and perhoft' 
be noay hove interest enough with the ^Oroni the Bishop of R^ 
Chester, to gain his Lordship's consent to an eitehange Ibr 
Waiiin^^iam. I presume Mr. Smith f will find it more ft>r hk in- 
ttraet to accept of this exchange, than to run the hazard oF tf 
lawnndt, which n^y leave him without any p^fBrmcst $ and Mn 
Atwood BH^ be satisfied with his remaining in quiet po e s ca s t t tt 
of something, though not so ooaeiderable as what he intended^ 
for him. Nothing then wilt remain to be done, but for Mr. VadifeM 
to resign the Vicarage of St. Nichoto -, for Mr. Smith' to be itt^' 
stitvted, whuih will vacate WarKngham; and for Bfr. Vade to 
iooceed him there on the Archbi^iop's presentatioa. This is 
wfait I hinted in my letter to Mr. Vade, and* iafonaed lidtt I' 
WDokl acquaint you w4th* 

« [ desired him to kt you know that I met with mete dW fculy 
in getting the list than I expected. Hie Dean, to whenfr t 
found it necessary to apply, upon my fiist mention of the matv 
tar to hlra, in a very ok^ng manner gave' his consent* tO' nrf* 
MM^hh^ the books i but afterward«, raeoUecting th^t they be«^ 
longed to the whole body, and containedseveral matters' of their 
prlrsrte concern, he was in doubt whether he oouW permit met^ 
inepe^ them withent oonsultin«; the Cbap^sr. Of thkt I WHM 
inlbnied by the Auditor, Afr. Hhlfoviv who wta of the samtf- 
o|iimon ; hut ( soon' satisfied him that what I enquired aftter' 
coukl'Aet do-the least prejudiee to the Churchy spid thaft I desh^ 
to- see the books for no other reason than to save hia> the trouble 
of esiattiii^gtlhenii All difBculties being thuft removed, I only 
waited tfiH Mr. ftalfofd was at Idsave to attend roe. Ife has* a" 
gteaedMdtof bosinesB-ia hh proffessioav besidw what he does for* 
tha-DMn^ttd Chapter) and the weather hadi been so^odM, umtil^ 

4« Bar. Joha 9MhS^ then RseSor of Mottnthaia ; «ol« IIL p^ 95^7404 


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3 1 8 . LITKlAftt XHUCDijmS. 

Cathedral of Wells, one of his Grace's Options. 
He was also, at tirst, a competitor for the Precentor- 
ship of Lincoln, an Option of Archbishop Potter 
(which Dr. Richardson gained in I760 by a Decree 

within these lew days, that ndther of us could venture to stay in 
the audit*n)om for so long a time as our search would take up. 
Tlw tncloyed lists contain the i-esult of our enquiry, which, though 
imperfect, was made with great exactness. I could find no 
R4;i8ters from 1551 to 1574, nor from 1607 to 1660, i sup- 
pose they were destroyed when the audit-rocun was burnt, fbr 
many of those which are left retain visible marlts of the fire, and 
are in part consumed by it. 1 vras oUiged to tell Mr. Halford for 
whose use the lists were designed ; and it was well that 1 did, 
since, upon mentioning your name, he declined accepting^ any fee 
or gratuity for his trouble, of which he had not a little. He has 
a brother, a Clergyman, Lecturer of Camberwell, who, as he 
says, knows you, and by whom you may apply to him on any 
future occasion. But you have it in your onn power to do him an 
agreeable piece of service, which may engage him to give you 
any information in his power. In the MS libraiy thei« is a 
bundle ci papers, unbound, containing the Parliament Survey 
of the Impropriate Rectories belonging to the Church of Canter- 
bury, a copy of which would be a very acceptable pi^eseat to Mr. 
Halford, who is a curious man, and a very sensible one, and ma? 
have it in his power to make you very ample amends for that 
fiivour. — ^The Motion was just upon the point of being made,|wben 
it was once more put off until the first seal after the Holidays, 

" We don*t hear that the time is fixed fbr the Archbishop's Vi- 
sitation. You may easily learn, before any public notice is given, 
who will be appointed to preach before him on that occasion , 1 
hope his Grace will have no thought of honouring me with his 
commands ^ but, lest he should, I must beg the Itvour of you 
to get me excused. 1 am ready fbr another Register, if you 
please to send it : and will go on with the afibir cf the Options 
as fast as possible. I shoiSd be sorry to lay that consideiYUoa 
aside by having my attention diverted to another subject. Blr. 
Goatling, one of the Minor Canons of Canterbury, dedred me to 
iwesent his compliments to you. Tne Library is indebted to hhn 
fbr the Catalogue of Chartos MisceUanes, which I lent to Mr. 
Carte. He found it among the papers of our predecessor Dr. 
WUkins. I am, dear Sir, yours very sincerely, Hbnry Hall.** 
'' DEktL Sir, Harbledowne, May 1, 1758. 

*' I am obliged to you fbr your kind enquiry after my health. 
I am, I thank God, the better in that respect for coming into 
this country, though there is still a great deal of room for 
improvement : it will always be a pleasure to me to hear that 
you enjoy yours. I presume you know that Bell Harrp is 
never tolled exc^ at the death of an Arokfaishop^ or agreater 


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of the Hovaeof Lords); but soon withdrew hk claim, 
well ground^ as it seemed. His leamiog and abi- 
lities were great, but not superior to his modesty ; 
and by his singular affability he obtained the love 

person. The Dean *, without waiting, as I presume, for any , 
directions, by his own authority ordered what was usual and 
proper to be done ; and accordingly Bell Harry was tolled for 
two hours in the forenoon of the same day on which the 
messenger arrived with the news of the Archbishop's f death. 
The mourning is within the province of the Sacrbt (which 
office is executed in turns by the Minor Canons) ; and> after it is 
removed, he takes it for his fee. 1 think the Pulpit is never huaff, 
but a staU only, on the death of a Prebendary, and the Throne m 
case of that of the Archbishop. This custom was partly com- 
plied with on the late occasion, and the Throne was covered 
with black cloth ; but, though the Sacrist sent word, that it was 
always adorned with escutcheons (three is the usual number), 
not one was sent down, nor would they let him have the impres- 
fiioa of the Archbishop's Seal in order to their being painted at 
Canterbury. The people there suppose the Archbishop had no 
arms , but the matter may be much better accounted for« by 
considering it as part of an ceconomio^ system. It is said that, 
when the body of Bishop Kennett was goinjp; to be buried, his 
widow mounted a ladder with her apron mil of escutcheons, 
and pinned them upon the hearse herself. Before I have done 
with the late Archbishop, 1 should tell you, that, as President of 
the Society for propagating the Gospel, the minutes of the 
monthly meetings were sent to him. I believe they are to be 
found complete, during the times of his two immediate prede- 
cessors, in the box which stands between the two presses in the 
Library by the fire-place ; and 1 supfiose Mrs, Hutton, upon 
being acquainted with this, will deliver up those which she may^ 
have in her hands. Pray how are the Options dbposed of? 
My Attorney sent me word, that the Archbishop*8 death made 
him think it unnecessary to trouble you with an account of 
the Motion in Dr. Richardson's case ; and besides, as Mr. 
Seeker attended it, he supposed the present Archbishop would 
hear the particulars of it from him. If you don't know what 
passed on that occasion, and have any curiosity to be informed 
of it, such accounts as I have receive4 will be at your service. 

" I am quite at leisure to enter upon Langham. 1 think his 
Regi8ta*is one of the leasts I will, however, engage to return 
it within any time you shall please to prescribe, and shall be glad 
of it as soon as possible. I don*t know of any material interrup- 
tion 1 shall meet with, unless the present Archbishop should 

• Dr. John Lynch was Deaa of Canterbury from Jan. 1733*4 till bit 
death. May S5, 1760. 

4 Dr. Matthew Hutton, who died in 1758. 

^ thin^f 

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360^ LIT«tA&y AVHCtKITU. 

aifd' esMMi' of all vfbfOf knew htm; His cfaantsi^ 
Ue attentbn ta his poor ps^ishionei^, especialljF 
when they were ill, wa^ constant and exempltiy. 
At Archbishop Seeker's Primary Vimtation at Catn- 

tbink of me on the same occasion as I suspected his late Grac^ 
might have done. You may probably obtain a list of the 
Preachers from the Secretary, befbre it is made public, or any 
one has been wrote to ; and if you should find my n;aiii6 in it, 1 
shall be much obliged to you if you will'uSe your endeavours to 
g^ me excused. 

''^As things have turned o\it, I think it is very well th^t 
Wftrlingham was filled on Mr. Atwood*s pnesentation, for if the 
Archbishop had died during the ^'acancy, I suppose the present 
Archbishop would have been precluded, by the intervention of 
the Crown's right, from prosecuting the afiair. I have not heard 
from Mr. Vade since I wrote to him by your direction, and 1 
dOn*t know whether he would have undertaken the business. 

" The only Map of this Diocese which I have is pasted upon 
a cloth with several others, and cannot be taken off without being 
torn in peices. 1 am very sorry it is not in a condition tb be 
sent to you. It was one of a number which were presented to 
Atdibi&hop Herring, I believe, by the Society of Antiquaries. 
Mr. Vade had another of them, and the remainder which was 
left at the Archbishop*s death was divided between Mr. Samuel 
and Mr. John Herring, to whom his Grace left his books. If 
M^. John Herring, who lives at South* Lambeth, has not dis- 
posed of those which came to his share, you may probabiy pro- 
cure one from him. It is reported at Canterbury, that the Arch- 
deacon is to have the next vacant stall in that Church, and th&t 
Dr. Potter is to succeed to the Deanry. I am, dear Sir, your 
very sincere and obliged humble servant Henby Hall.** 

" Dbar Siu, Hurbledowne, Jug. 14, 1758. 

'' Having finiiihed Whittlesey's Register, which you wiUreoeiT« 
herewith, I shall be ready for another as soon as voa please to 
&voar me with it. I find this Archbishop founded a cbaatty in 
the church of St. Nicholas, Harbledowoe. If the iDstnuoeiit of 
OriUnalian is a short one, (Reg. Mttles^, 51, b,) I shall be 
obliged to you if you will let your clerk copy it for me at his 
leisure* The land formerly belonging to it is in Lay handi $ there 
w«ie built upon it nine or ten cottages,* inhabited by poor peofifei 
who- consider themselves as extra-paiochiai, and are under no 
s«rt of government by minister, overseer of the poor, or other 
like officer. I presume it was antiently a pert of the parish of 
Si. Nicholas afbresaid, all the tithes whereof are approjuiated to 
Eastbridge Hospital in Canterbury. Perhaps in Bishop Gibson's 
WQl you may find something relatii^ to those papers, whicA> 
after his death, were deposited in Lambeth Library. 

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*Aarjr, m >758, Mr. Hall war «|3iltthed uporf^ 
(Mt Cfrace^s officiai expr es&ion) t^ preach before him 
tt St Margaret's chtirch, whfch be did fK)m Acts 
xvii. 21. Qedied a bachelor, at Harbledown, Nov. 

" Tte Printed Books in the library formerly belonged, as 
appearB by the^srms On.many of them, to the Abps. Whitgift, 
BfMcro^ Abbot, Sheldon, and T^niMHi }. and I shoi^d imagine 
that the liSS. were of liieir collecting. You may probably leaffft 
^ome.pattiquiaiB from their rospectiiee wills. Only part of Abp. 
TenisQn's books are at Lamb^b; th^xest aipe in the Library in 
•Sl Martin*8 Um[e. Abp. Saooroft ii^end^ t^. have left his very 
Suable collectioa of books to his succeaeors, aad hsd actually 
Fhced tbcfm in the Ubravy lor that purpose ; but, being ofiended 
vviUi'his^^kiirivaUqn, he renx>ved them, and gave them to Emar 
suel CoUe^ in Cambridge. This anecdote is in a MS. of Bir. 
Wharton's, which witt len^ l;think, byDr.Birch to Abp. Her^ 
ring, frpm whom Ibeard it. Abp. Bancroft made a Catalogus 
of the MSS. at JLambeth, which I enqi|ii>edi|fter some years a^, 
but to no purpose. I hs^e indosed an answer to abetter whidk 
I wrote taOtSotd on that ooc«ion. The MS Catalogues therein 
msntioned may, perhi^ be wc^ consulting. TheOatalogutf 
of the Printed Books (now m the M$ Labniry at Lambeth), 
Conned on the plan of the Bodleian Calalogue, is of Bp. Gibson^s 
^and^writing. i>r. WiUuns made a &ir copy from it in thrsa 
^^c^lmnes (now ip the lower Library at Lambeth). 

." As to our Prodecesson, the first I have heard pfisUr Paul 
^^olsinies* He says in the Co^omeilatia (inter Scaligenana, &c.^ 
A>Mtsrdsm» 1740. torn. 1. p. 627) 'La Maison de Cokimiea en 
Besrn, d*oi3i je suis soiti, porte de Qeules, un Chateftu somni£ 
P« Ms Tours d*Aigent.' Uis Works are printed in one voIuom 
m fmiXK I fENget whether it be in the Xibraty or not ; but 
^miii&idthfm P<t¥U CaUmetU Oh$ervatkmei Scare f. What! 
w^,b the ftrnvth edition in ISmo, London, 1688, and licensed 
^r Dv.!Needbam; Chi4>lain to Abp. Sancroft, Mart. 1, 1687. Tha 
wsstioB M to Bp. Cmnptoft of London^ dated Bnpellsi, IcaL 
wt l(S79', fiwBi whence I conjecture that he was AOtqft that 
^ ia the Aichbishop's fiunily. 1 suppose Bayles Dictioiun 
a^FsAidyoattfvtberacoountof him, and of Du Moulin. 1 
^^«se Mt. Qibsan was some years in Abp; teoison's tenily be- 
fcgWana ap^^rtntwd. Chiylaia. The&^btnr.ofthe Faculties, I 
I*Tiliiiu«,eaA inform you wlian he was mvestad with tiiatoffi0t# 

♦ httl C s i sa rtss^ or CoioiMMihM, a leamtd Pfepch Protwttnt, was «p* 
laBtfiirfbrwiaabyS^p.Saneroft; but was prsoWed by tha eetobvated 
a«anr Wharton. See Dr. Dacarel't ** Hktory of Lambaih Palace^" p. 67a 

tUoSer tjbe Licence of Dr. NMham, mhich is dated I Marcb» 16S7, 

lit' ^'•dky's copy of the " Observationes Sacra** of ColoiDesiuf, ani^ 
JwA onoe was the property of Lord Cfaaooellor Hardwlcke, is written 
^ « SiBteiHforanr bati^ •* MiniiaS tamen probavftPaiatiuai Laoibetha^ 
2^ Wsawtfaar babet (nx ISO^ Ul) AnabapUtsU &v«acla> pffodenat^ 
^ •iMJaiMk Hftims tt snlmdvaisioiia Qi^peUanit ut ibi^^ didid." 

▼^ Y Tha 

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$29 httEKAKY AfUtClHXXZS. 

^« K6^$ in the 47t)i year of bis ag«, after a siioit 
illness, occasioned by a violent swelling in tlieneck, 
wbich could n«it be aGcounted for by tbe eminent 
physicians who attended him. 

He was buried under die communion-table, at 
Harbledown church, without any epitaph. 

The list which I have sent you of his prefermenta fa impofect. 
He was made Archdeacfon oi Surrey in 1710. He puhfisbed seve* 
ral books, as no doubt you know. Dr. Wilkins did not life to 
finish all his Works. He once tokl me that he intended to pobliah 
the New Testament in all the modem languages, and hsd shnosc 
completed his Collection for that |»urpose. I don't know the a- 
act time when either he or Mr. Ott were made Librsnans. Mr. 
Jones was appointed on Abp. Pottei^s going to reskk at liunbetb) 
and I succeeded him, March 10, 1741-8. Mr. Ott was persoaikd 
to exchange his Sussex Living, by the Duke of Newctsde, for 
another, so much to his ditad?anta^, that it is thought to ha^ 
hastened his end. I suppose vou will consult* as many of tke 
Lives of the Archbishops as have been published. Id the doe 
of the Archbishops Wake and Potter, Du Moulin*s plcUne 
hung in the presenoe-<^hamber over the door going into tbe 
guard-room, and that of Sir John Cook in the long-gaileTy. TV 
arms of Cardinal Kemp and two or three more were pot up by 
. Abp. Herring ; 1 found them in a cupboard in the Library. 
•' The folbwing particulars are taken fh)m Dr. Edward T»i- 
son's Letten», on Abp. Wake's demand for Dilai^dailioos: ' Tbe 
wharf is supposed to be as oM as the foundation of the boase; 
which was laid about the year lliB4, if it was not laid bdbre. 
The repair of it laid at \(H8l. Ot. 6d. Since Abp. Sancroft buitt 
the new kitchen, the old one has not been used as a kitchen, bat 
as a passage-room.'—' Abp; Tenison erected a rabbit^oose, 
wkhoot being authorized by a Royal Licence. He Ittd out sbo«e 
tOCXM. at Croydon. 200/. a year was the least Ke laid outia re- 
pairs.. Disbursements for repairs in about 17 years, besides 
ifrfaat was paid by his Grace ymseir349l/. ISs.-^Sum demsoded 
by Abp. Wake for ditopidations S4^k Arbitrators^ Lord Cbief 
Justice K&g and Dr. Bettesworth, Dtan of the Arches j SdBe- 
ieree theBishopnif Utchfield. The two fit%t dscieed i800t <<> 
be paid to the Abp^*-Great guard-room. Most of the ft»niie« fi» 
arms, and their pegs, are rotten. Refiairiiig tbeiMiessiid 

eis for arms there, l&s.' Some of the <dd musqnets and btadi- 
r% reo^ained during Abp. Potter's time in the buryiag^giooix^ 
the wall whereof was pulled down by Ab(i« Herrings and thr 
arms disposed of | know not how. 

*' The two Letters in Latin whidi 1 ha^e sent* you belong *** 

l!he Momvians. They were deposited in the Library some yin 

ngo, and I gave a receipt for theuL Asight of your <* HistoO^ 

Lambeth;' wouW give great pleasure to yours, UmaT Hasi-" 

' ^PrepmtorytothsHiftofjQf^'liinbethPatttdk'* 


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[^323 ] ' 

LfrreEs fipom Dr. Richard Bentley, Ijklaster of ' 

Trinity College^ Cambridge^ to Dr. He^ry Sike. 

'' To Mr. Profeflsor Sikb *, at THrnty College, in Cambridge. 
" 8iH, March 81, 1760. ' 

"\ baveaent yoa, in a deal box, by the carrier, the whole num-^ 
ber, do copies, of the Armenian Grammar. What yon sell, are 
tote to each of us in proportion. Your two Datch books are 
likewise added ; and a lew odd sheets, to perfect the Exemplar 
ycm had befbre. Pray tell Professor Cotes f > that the book in yoitt 
parcel^ directed to him^ is presented him by Sir Isaac New-' 
ton } let him read it over with care, and I will tell him further 
of h in a particular letter. The bundle of wooden cuts were 
found by Sir Isaac in hb study, some of which he thinks m«y 
bdong to the future sheets of his book. In the printed book 
are filled the MS sheets that Sir Isaac has now finished. Let 
me hear from you or him of the receipt of this parcel. 

" 1 hope you have done about the Arabic Geographer^ what 
Mr. Reland ^ in his letter desired of you. 

" Yours, in haste^ at ten at night, Ri. BfeNTLBY.** 

"To Dr. Hbnry Sike, at Mr. Martinis, over -against Hunger- 
ford-«market, in the Strand, London. 
'' Dear Sia, Trin. CoU. July 7, 1706. 

" I have sent you indosedj one to Dr. Mill §, and another to 
Dr. Hudson || the Public Library-keeper 5 which you will please to 
defifer ybnrdeliP. Here has been a gentleman of Coningsbeigs 
(B^wmontumJ late from Holland with a Letter fh>m Mr. Kdand^ 
which I here send you, and two Exemplaria of the Oratio upon 
Btinldri, one for you, and another for me. Here are likewise 
two books from Rome, from Dom. Passionaeus ; one for you, and 
^her for me. These will stay till yon return. In the mean 
time 1 wish yoa all health and happiness $ being your aflTectionate 
Friend and servant, Ri. Bbntley. 

* Here are no other Letters for you. I have not yet seen the 
Epktolam dulcisHmam. I will write to Mr. Reland« R. B.** 

To Dr. Hehrt Sike, at Mr. Martin's. 
" Beak Sir, Tnnity Coll July ?6. 

"i send you inclosed another Letter from Holland, and desire 
yott-toeonvey this to Mr. Hemsterhuis, whom 1 do not know how 
to lead to, because he gave me no directions. I feared he might 

* Henry Syke* Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, LL.D. (Regiii 
(^mittk) iTOSj Hebrew Professor 1705— 17 1«. 

t Of this frOlbuDd MAtheroatlclan, se6 some Memoirs, aod an Bpitaph 
(7 I>r. Bentley, vol. 11. p. 138. 

t Henry Relandv Professor of Oriental Languages and Eeclesiasti<^ 
Anticpiitiea at Utrecht, died Feb. 5, 17 18, SBt. 42. 

fpr. John Mill, Principal of Edmund Hall, and Greek Professor at- 
Wwdj of whom see several particulars referred to in roL Vll. p. 8fi5. ^ 

I Job* Hudson, of Queen's College, Oxford } afterwards Fellow of Uni- 
^y CbUege; M. A. 1684$ Head Keeper of the Bodleian Library 1701; 
B. sad IX D. 1718 1 Principal of St. Maiy*s Hall 1719; di^d Nov. 97, 17 19 i 
«n4 wai borifd in St^ Maiy's Church. 

y 2 Itop 

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•top the skoetsof.hisPoIhixi wherefVm I knmediifteljr wvoto nf 
ILtfswer. t de^fe ydU to 'sehi} it dafely, because I have no tiwi- 
taApHoCit. 1 wMi retHi^'aa atistv«r to ftfr. Reknd, when I set 
hit two books he speaks of. Pray seal Ump Letter to Wt. Hem- 
sterbuis^ when you send it. I am, &c. R. BairreBT.'* 

'' to Mr. Pro&ssoi^ Subi^ at TdrnQt Cellefe^ GanbrU^ 

*' DuAK biK«, Oia date,'} 

. " The Letter 1 sent you l^ Wiiliaai TalliS' was gone befiora 
the rec^eiptof yoivs *, i doubt notbut you will be so kind as todis* 
^tjih that affiyy. Weeapect tohave theAmsteMianiBodkby the 
pext oocaMon-^but for theanswep, 1 sfaaU leave that te BuiTmui : 
ft>r I suppose'! tan do; business semei> and ne^ not give a serond 
blow. I bad a L^tt^ from Kuster bytho hand of a learned VenetiaD 
Nobleman^ who told m^ the chat in Holland about PhileleiH 
thenis. And }'et Ku^er himself, in his Letter, pretends that the 
book is a veryshrewd book, telmnrd. notHjmlgmrilim ImteriU tartum; 
$edde /iuctore diverse sunt $etUmtuB»r What is the mennlng of 
this griinace ? can he really doubt aS the AutJior ? ae if Mr. 
fiurgh did* not hear him and JUemBterhuk spetfik ipt the Anther 
without doobtiug. The Act that would repeal the Naturalizatioa 
Bill is thrown out of ihe Honse of Lords ; however yon httte 
done very well, to take the benefit of it« My service to Friends. 
*M am yours, tL BairtcBT.* 

/< To Hr. HftNRY Si&B> at Mr. Hacket*s house, over-^punst 
, Christ ChMTch, Oxfbrd. 

''Sir, TrittUy CoUege, Jug. is, IJ0$. 

" I received your kind Letter, and am glad to hear you kale 
met with such reception at Oxford, and particuktfly that you 
^ve employed your time so well in searching into the (Hrfental 
Si anuscripts there. I hope, in time, the pubiick< will have a lesti^ 
monial of your labours by something in print. The eld Attkk 
i^oeins, and the Pix)verbs, will certainly be woitk yoor edltioo» 
and' bring a great honour to you, as well as be^efil to'Leatnii^. 
I send you here enclosed a Letter which eame kiUieT itom Br. 
KustcP} I presumed to open it, to see if thore wm any tUk^ 
relating to me, that required a present answer, 1 do not wonder 
that some of Uie Oxfbrd men do talk so wildly about my If once: 
but their tongues are better than their pensj and 1 autmMnd 
none of them' will write against my Notesw Tkay hfBm had 
enough of me, and hereafter will let me alone. P^rtiaps amoB 
little bantering book may come out incogniio in Eng^kJi; but thaC 
riorte dare wnt^ in Latin, and set hb true name f# it, I* nm »o* 
lydly eertain. However, if any one should do se^ he- kaaMf fee 
leave-'^uisQue suo periculo : 

*< I have printed three new sheets in it thitf last fortn^t, and 
f &6pe shall go on to finish by next spring.^ You seem to (m* 
promised my notes to Dr. Kuster upon Hesydikis akeaiqtely? 
whereas you know I did it conditionally, provided he weMdd pi^ 
it at Cambridge. Your friends here are all lireBi I wtibyott 
ii|ucb happiness till I see you. R. BMtUT.** 

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[ 325 1 

like Svl^ect of the" Blarmor fiandricense * (vol. IV. p. 497.) 
vill be considerably illustrated by tbe followiiig Letter ^rom Dr. 
Tufkfr (addressed probably to Dsr. Askew) : printed from tbe 
Autograph, presam^ by Dr. Lort, and now in tbe po oafcoo ien of 
nqr kind and inde&ygabfe fViend Mr. Bindley : 

" Deak Sia, Doctors CotRmons, Nov. 2, 1742. 

^ The moment I was taking horse for London 1 received the 
knmr of yours^ whkh I left with Mr. Brooke ; apd leave th0 
consideration of what beloijes to me. particularly }n iX* till I go 
to Cambridge ags^in. I shall no\r lay before you a new s^buect^ 
In tiie year 1739 Lord Sandwich trough^ with him from Athena 
a Marfc^ of great antiquity and great singularity. The f|ge ia 
ascertained to be higher than any <jreeV or Roman inscription 
exciting the Sigsan, and perhaps the Teiorum Dirse^ and ope op 
two Hsts of nara^ of little account in Sppn apd Mont&ucon, 
k is of the lOOtfa CMyrapiad^ and consequently eailier than th9 
Rffian Chronicle by upwards of a complete century. Its sin- 
gularity, besides that of its contents aD4 orthography, ia 
remarkable^ as it consists of the same number of letters in each 
line^ the one being cut directly under the other with the ^amc 
attention as we plant quincunxes, qr print acrosticks^ and th^ 
eye carried distinctly and uniformly betwecQ each row of 
letters. As to the eh^ge of it, it is a public Register or Record 
of a Qijodriennial Visitation of the Athenians hdd at their ppo- 
rince of Deles, and a Report of their Commissioners who in- 
^wcted and managed the public accounts in relation to Jtnooey 
received on the foot of contribu^ns levied upon their Allies in th^ 
Cydades, and dispersed in the solemnity at Delo^. The first 
side contains the state of their receipts, and the sums and articles 
of payment. The secpnd contains the. state of the arrearagea^ 
and a rent-roll of their public, or, as l may call it, their 
eocMastical funds. I have dravm up a pretty large Commeni 
upon it (and have collected since very considerable materials t^i 
be inserted in it), whiph my Lord has received with great satis- 
iaction, and ia very desirous of having it made public. The 
first draught of the Comment is in English, because I designed 
it note fer information than form, and was desirous it xoigot 1^. 
Kad without great attention in order to come at the meaning; 
Whether it should appear in public in that dress, or the taa^rop 
adit habku of a Roman, his Loitlship has left to my choice, nor 
M I yet detern^injcd. Of a)t the novelties and curiosities whie^ 
this stone contains, which indeed are many, there is nothing 
perhapa that wiH be so apt to excite your attent|pi), as th^. 
Atheitoii arithpoetic or numeration : and what I have ^vaiKi!^ 
upon that head, if not quite sattslkctory, ought to me^t howevfx 
with a ihir reception, because this is a scene that clos^^ aa sppn 
ttit opens, no ooe mark or ieajbure being left, that 1 ki^^dw of, ia 
tty book, medalj or monument, that we pan compare witl^ 
Mn. When I dxopt an apprehensicm of my account noi being 

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quite satisfaetorif, perhaps I was more scrupuIocM tban in justice 
to myself I ought to be ; fbr I begm to call it demonstration, or 
something Uule kss. For consider a series of (some rniusual) 
figures expressing so many items of an account, and a sum dP 
tlie same figures said expressly in the record to be the capital 
<kr sum to^ of those items. If my hypothesis of explaining 
these figures brings out the total to agree with an amazing 
eicactness to the particulars, shall not my hypothesis be the true 
one ? 1 have heard Dr. Byrom say that it iis demonstration 
in decyphering, if you bring your cypher to bear a pertinent 
imd coherent sense, that it must be the true sense, jimf one 
sense must be the sense. Then how is it in the case before us ? 
Shall there be a mathematical agreement of particulars and 
.totals, and yet shall 1 be mistaken in every denomination? 
What are the odds that a sum of louis-d'ors, pistoles, crowns, 
and liv'res, shall be mistaken fbr pounds, shillings, and pence, 
and umier those denominations come out as reaUy and mathe- 
matically, as if they had been £%irly cast up in their own power ? 
or rather, is it not impossible that it should be so ? I ought, 
liowever, to inform you, that the total is entire, and some 
of the particulars a little damaged, and towards the end, or at 
the place of lowest valuation* a little illegible. Of which my 
hypothesis has taken some consideration, and made the visible 
and remaining particulars &11 a little, a very little, short of the 
entire capital. If it had extended beyond it, it had been de- 
monstrably Cedse ; if it had exactly reached it, it had been so 
still, because of those little defects in the marble which once 
reckoned : but that it should faOll short of it, and in that dctfiee 
that I mention, a triflej what might reasonably be imagined to 
be contained in a decreasing sum, in halfpence, as 1 may so say, 
is with me a point of great consideration. To this reflection I 
add, that in the state of the disbursements we have an account 
Of a certain number of oxen bought for the sacrifice, and 
the price they cost ; and this account is providentia% entire, 
when those round about are battered and imperfect. The value 
6f money between the times of Solon and our date diftred 
extremely, and I think I have accounted for it. But if the 
price of oxen at the time of our date agrees with the price given 
fbr them in this inscription, according to my hypothesis, is not 
this a proper confirmation of it ? How oi^en sold at Atheot 
about the lOOth Olympiad, 1 think I have pretty well collected, 
or, ta speak more properly, inferred, from comparing togedier 
some passages of Plutarch, Lysias, ukI Menander ; and that 
price agrees with the price recorded here to a halfjpenny. 

'' By the help of this Marble we recover the names of aeveiil 
towns, now upon record nowhere else; what is most re- 
markable, is the recovery of a town in the Isle of Icarus, now 
failed Nicaria, which is said by Strabo or Pliny (I know not 
exactly which, having here my minutes only, and not my 
books befpre me) to have been lost in their time, and the veiy 
Itiemorial of it, as &r as concerned the appellation, perilled se 

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MARMdR 8A>^bVIC£N8S. j2^ 

Iwigtgo. There are two towns in that Isle, says wy Auttiof 
^bovementioned^ ind there is a tradition of a third : by this 
actount a people of little consequence, and what strengthetis my 
hypothesis, their tax or payment is considerably less than any 
of the rest, as that of the Parians considerably larger, who b^ 
Mson df their stone quarries were an opulent p^o^le in the Ar- 
ehipdago. Insulam opibus elatam are the words of Corneliut 
Nepos. fcroXi? iv&MjLwyfr»rnf xal jbtiyfrw rZv KvxXoi^vf, the word.« of an 
antient author in Stephanus B} zantinus I need not infL>rm 
you that rt^^ai^oyira'my has a manifest relation to their riches, not 
to any other consideration. 

''As the gross sum of the receipts on the first side of the stone 
itontains alf the ymety of figures^ I have here transcribed it* 


whwe it must be noted, that the three perpendicular linea 
at the end are not so many significations as they are lines, 
but two only. For the two former being contiguous, and 
filling the space of a single letter only, both here and in other 
places of the Inscription, coming sometimes before and spmc'^ 
times after the single perpendicular, must manifestly have a 
distinct consideration aiid value. What engages me most, is 
the figure between these and A. For, though I can pronounce 
with some assurance that it is expressive of the Obolus^ I 
would fain be more acquainted with its use and function among 
the Antients, One of our grieat Criticks, I think Salmasius ; sayt 
thaft with the Athenians the H, with the other Greeks the f- of 
half H, denotei the Aspirale, as with the .^olians the F or 
I%amina. And accordingly in some MSS. an Adspirate is so 
narked, atid in some old printed books this side of the H, viz, 
I" is an adspirate, the other -f a lenis. But this Stone, and whaf 
I have to observe hereafter, sufficiently confutes Salmasius ) for 
it is plain the Athenians used both figures at the same time. In 
Mnne Athenian coins of good antiquity, and in some Sicilian 
ones, I find the same figure at the head of a word, loco adspira" 
<>oaSi. In a Doric ioscription, published by Maittaire, and 
J^h you have by you, it is an adspb*ate or lenis indiflferently, 
in the same manner as the ^olian digamma, which seemed to 
We no regai^ to adspiration, but waited upon all vowels in- 
herently, as is plain from several words in Hesychius, corru[^tly 
^i^iiiniiifi; with a single gamma, instead of a double one, from a 
chapter I have in the L^tiones Lysiacs, and from Dr. Bentley*$ 
posthumous Homer. Yetranius Maurus ad Tacit. Annal. Hb. IF. 
iaj8 that lie saw at Rome a MS. of Velius Longus de Ortho- 
gnqphift, in the possession of one Strossius, or Stroza, where 
^bat Author says, *'Litei^am novam h Claudio excogitari siniilem 
« DOtSy quam jpro adspiratione Grseci ponunt, H ." He doiibt- 
^ means the Digamma, wliich that Emperor is recorded not 
to hive invented, but restored. In the musical notes of the 
AntientB^ tb^ PrQyIambaiKmienos, I think they call it, is re- 

* ' piesentcd 

Digitized by 


$8$ ^UfiRAftr ANECOOnS* 

Resented by this Sgare, wbich they denominate Tcv 
Kit this Qot at all avails us. Indf^ in the Appendix to the 
Marmora Oxoniensia (the second or third Inscription in Prideans 
and Maittaire*s edition^ b^inning Aoy^ Ie^) w^ have this veiy 
jBgure^ and I am apt to believe in the same powcjr and operatimi 
that it is in our Mannor Sandvicense. Nay I am pennaded the 
whole stone was very similar to ours^ but it was very inaocmata^ 
Gogiied ', and a very barbarous 2m, an 1^ mofe Gothic than 
ordinary^ I mean the middle of the last century^ put an end 
to the stone itself. I fear I have wearied your padenoe. But 
you are one of those that are pleased Meas e$$e aiiquid futan 
Uttgov. At kast you see I think so, by the liber^ I have taken. 
If any thing occurs to you upon what 1 have ^, I shall taks 
it as a great fovour from your hands. 

'<I &Te now before me some posthumous letten of (HA. 
Cuper, the Burgomaster of Beventer, just jpfubHahed, v«ry ftifl 
of that erudition he was so xemaiioable mr in his life^time. 
Manby told me last nighty that he hoped to finish Middktoa*f 
piition of the controverted Epistles of Cicero and Bnitua (with a 
ipre&ce against Mr. Tunstall) next week. I have received bom 
Hamburgh/l do not know if I mentioned this be$ue> a littk 
tract i^ainst Mr. Markland*s attempts, in my edition of Lym^ 
towards restoring the text and sense oi the ISlew Testament It 
gives Mr. Markland some pain> as there is an insinuatjion dropt 
of Socinianism being couched under one of his Emendations. 

'' I have scarce mji mysetf room to testify my respects to your 
good Lady and family, which I do with great sincerity, or to 
aubscribe myself^ Deaf Sir> your most obliged, &e. J.^'ayi^oe." 

Mr. T. lUi>cx.iFF to the Widow of Dean Moss. 
** Madam, London, October $, 173a 

*' Some intimations having been ^ven to the CSenUemen of 
GrayVinn, that there was a design on foot to publisha voKimeor 
two of your late excellent Husb^d*8 Sermons : those Geotkopea^ 
and others of St JLawrence Jewry, who were constant heamib 
and very groit admirers of his admirable preactun^, hyve rer 
quested me, in their name, to apply to you to pubu4&' audi «f 
tnem as shall be found fittest for the public view. I need DOt» 
^^(adam, say any thin^ in commendation of Dean jMloas bis Ser- 
mons, his ffreat abilities in the pulpit were we^know^ to dit 
world ; and it is generally agreed, by the most ji^dicious part of 
mankind, that his Discourses, if in print, would be the best that 
this age has produced i and a great loss it would be to the woildti^ 
be deprived of them, at this time emciaUy, i(rhen ssof^ Dii* 
courses are so muph wanted. It 19 needless, I n^rsqacle n^yseli^ 
Madam, to use any other ai^gumfsnts with you xqt th^ puUicih 
tion^ and doubt not these will ^vaii more than any other ooaf 
aideration 1 as you are a Lady whose general .charactor and itr 
clinationa are to do good, thereby you will li^ 0re^ ottigfJdam 
on aU the Dean's Friends and accjuaintancet, woS others his pd** 
"teiieis, but none more thaq, Maidam^ - 

'^ Your most humble lervant;, Tho. IUoci-iff."^! 


Digitized by 


E 3«9 3 ^ 

Lettee from Rev. Rooer Vmokmjix^g to an ufitimate 
FkibnPj on the Edacation of his Son. 

, " Sw. £fi(£eW Chase, Jug. S5, 1749. 

" PuTBuaat to the late pr<^;Kia8tl 1 took tbe ]ihert)^ t^ jmake to 

Eof offeriitf; my tbo^ghU oo the Education of yowc Son 5 } 
leaveto ^ibaiit to you^ coj^dejratioa tbe fonowiog parti« 

" Education, I co^ceive^ the communicating to yoiuth isuGh 
parts of knowledge as may give a right direction to their moralsy 
and may enable them to appear with usefulness and reputation in 
that character which on niOTal probability they are likely to fill up 
in li&. Whether the public, or private mode of coQ^^unicating 
aoch parts of knowledge to youth, be the fittestto answer the en(jb 
of Education, has1)een too loi^ the subject of dispute fun^oe to 
vtntore to determine. Each ha;th advantages which the othei^ 
wants; yet, were the mfrals secure, I must own I should give my 
preference to ^ public one j but it is chiefly for this reason^ thaf 
^re there are various competitprp for one aod the ^a^ point, 
>a ingenuous mind will conceive a spirit of enmladon^ the good 
oflects of which in every pari of life, but especi^^t our fir^ 
a^tii^ oul;^ it w,<nild he imperti^9)t in me^ $ir^ to mejdtio^ 
to you. 

" Yon have preferred the priva^ fietbod fqr your $p^; andjt 
as ^ as my 3hart knowledge of hiin will eivwe me to in^g^ 
Iknow of no gentlen^au who has moi^ ireason to he satisfied, 
with his detenninatioii th^^ ypurself. You hj^ve hfsc^n ^^^dl^ 
b^^pipy in your Son*s capacity, ^d the choice of those who d^-» 
Kcted himin the improvemei^i of i^} for I can ventm;e jto assure 
3^ that, as to Classical Leanoii^^liehas, at 14> more )u;^uaint« 
ttee with it, than some I have seon sent to the Uniyer^. 

'* Usringtliei^fore such ^sMl^ect to work Mpo^ $hje trust yot| 
^done me tbehonom*to repose in me is considerablie on botl^ 
^^i onjQoura, Sir, lest the hopes you l^ve so much season toi 
cittertain of the foture figure your Son may rnake^ be disappointed 
^ my want of iu({gment« application, or fidelity > on OMfie^k 
w,i tor frmi of anplication on his p^, or of Baying a duei 
^Bfennqe to my instructions,, or by cpnceiving.of me as, a c^rt> 
to Ms inQlinatio«i»l» one hir^^r his service, andtherpbywithr 
boidiiB^ that rempt, eptc^mi and confidei^Ge, v^thout which it 
^ be impossible fbc any director of youth to succe^ ^e come; 
Aim my 1w9da with^smch small addUional improvement, as will 
by me opento th^censuxe of those who are acqtiainted with hia 
pnsent proficiency. 1a ahort, Sir^ y9f^ happiness aa to this 
point, and my ^putation, are at ^take. To do justice to bojth^ 
i»fiie4atent of thelurther tipiAle | am givj^ you. 1 shall take 
^ Uheify to offer what ) cpnceiyi^ the n^t probable method 
tf atiaiaing that ppA» V^hich 1 a^supeypu, Sifir^ J shall take ^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

330 literAey*a*ecdotes. 

make use of some freedoms^ which people of less judgment than 
yourself might resent ; but I am under no apprehension of hav- 
ing my meaning misconceived df. The phui I BhaU lay down, 
when it has received such alterations as you shall judge neces- 
sary, I will punctually ke^ up to, and shall expect the same 
compliance in your Son. This, being reduced to writing, will 
be a standing evidence, in my favour, or otherwise. The pre- 
fniseftl have to go upon 1 conceive to be the ftillowing ; vtz. 

'* First. Your Son, I apprehend. Sir, is intended wr none of 
the Learned Professions, any more than for business; and will 
probably appeiar among the Representadves of his Country. 

" Secondly. I suppose also that my concern with him is not 
tnerely the teaching the classical languages, but, together with 
these, to observe his tempers and conduct, and to open his mind 
to such parts of Literature, taste, and breeding; as (so tax as I 
inay ha\'e any acquaintance with them myself) may fit him, with- 
out the University, or Foreign Travel, for the charirterhe Is likely 
to appear in. If this. Sir, comes up to^ur intention, thei plan 
I have to oflbr will be founded on the premises above-mentioned. 
' *' From the fhist of which, I beg leave to observe, that the 
Classical Languages and such studies as usually attend them are, 
to be sure, what a Gentleman should be acquainted with, but not 
to that accuracy as those who are- brought up to some Learned 
Profession. They are the keys to various kinds of knowk^, 
and help to fhmish out the Divine, the Physiciani the Naturalist, 
Ac; each of which applies himself to them for ^leir assistance in 
msparticular profession, and most study them to an socvxacf 
famcient for the purpose. But the GenUeman, having no such 
Immediate obligation, consults them for a more general know- 
ledge of things'j and is master of them to all purposes suflBdent 
for him, if he is capable by their assistance of supporting a con* 
versation or delivering hit sentiments upon any topic y)f Pofite 
Learning, so as to dimzover in them a competent, though not an 
accurate knowledge of the subjects he i^ engaged upon. IVt 
distinguishes the Gentleman and Scholar from the Pedant. A 
fomiture of this kind is particularly serviceable in that (dace, 
where the whole variety of national occurrences are canvi»ed; 
upon which he whose studies have b^n thus directed will beca- 
tible of delivering himself to more purpose, in regard both for 
his country and reputation, than the most perfbct acquaintance 
with the Languages, or any single brftnch €i sdenoe wouM eoa- 

^Accordingly, Sir, myprcmoeals^ in our pursuit of the dts- 
dcal Languages and such studies as accompany them, are, 
' ^ I. To r^ over with your Son the most celebrated Authon 
in them, especially such as give us the most insight Into die 

ristory. Manners, Policy, and Taste of the Antients : in whidi 
shall be particularly careftil in my endeavours, to lead him gra- 
dually to examine by his own judgment how fer their sentiment* 
)iAd conduct deeetve our regard and iinitatlonj as weU 
• '^* oat 

Digitized by 



Qutto him tbe beauties of their manner of e^sressingthemad^esv 
in order to habituate him to use his own language with pro* 

*' 2. Grammar^ i« ^ich I find him most deficient in, must be 
paid great regard to^ because it is the foundation of all LAnguagesf 
and because^ however accurately a Gentleman may deliver him* 
self by custom and imitation, without it, he will appear^ befora 
people of regular learning, to his disadvantage, if any oocaskm 
should discover his unacquaintance with these rudiments of Li'> 
terature, and possibly be suspected^ on that account, as only su- 
perficial in hb knowledge. 

" This will indeed make our progress at present somewhat the 
slower, but will in time proportionably advance it. 

" 3. The turning En^ish into Latin, ^which has a large ^A^fBoem 
in Education at public schools, I must own I look upon, since the 
French is become so universal a language> as neceasaiy only for a 
professed Scholar. The German is, ) believe, the only Natkm 
among whom the Latin is made use of in any considerable de^ 
gree; and, if I mistake not, the Secretary of that Language in the 
i^ecretary of State's office among us, has little employment besides 
the dispatches to and from that country. The occasions for a 
Gentleman's writing or speaking Latin can be but very few) too 
1^ 1 am persuaded to counterbalance that expence of time whidi 
most necessarily be taken up^ befoi^ a man can write with ease 
^ propriety in a Language that is no^ almost a dead one» 
and which is attended with this further difficulty, that its idiom 
dififers extremely from every other now in use. Very few have 
succeeded in this branch of Learning. Dr. Bentley, Master of 
Trinity, useSd to say that he knew but of t,wo beside himself wba 
were masters of it , which may possibly b^ too narrovv a compu* 
<atk>n ; but 1 believe there are hardly ten people in England 
who can correctly and gracefully write it. I should think it ad« 
^^le, upon these considerations, to slight this part in your 
^'s Education, since it is hardly probabk he wfll ever have 
occasion f(nr it ; but shall entirely be directed. Sir, by your oj^* 
oion on the point 

"4. It 18 usual also to put youth upon making Latin verse. 
At Westminster (the largest and probably the beit School in 
Sngland) much stress is laid upon this. I must own, notwith* 
Bt^nding I therein take upon me to differ from those who were 
^'nce my mast^^, ^hat I look upon this as a still more uselesa 
part of education than that of turning English into Latin, fieskle 
the little ooncem a Gentleman has with Poetry, how few are 
there whose productions of this kind, even in their own language, 
win bear the best»natui-ed scrutiny ! How rare then must bel 
ID example of a Latin Poet, who has the additional difficulty to • 
get over, that of being master of a lam^ua^ in \vhich so feir.i 
We succeeded who attempted only to write i^ iu Prcjse ! • » 

** You will perceive, Sij^ b^ this, that '4 llvnk it entixeljE m^ 
Has for your Sou to apply himsdf to Latin Poetry > but shall. 


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hosmw, Goaduec Bdysetf on ihk, as well as other poiniSj ao fcxf 
sMl chink prpuer to direet. 

'* 5. llie making of Themes usually takes place in public Edu* 
eatiims joueh abouC the time that this last article is introduced. I 
ItDOW <tf no practice in the Sehoolb more judicious^ pertinent^ CT 
useful than this. This gradually introduces Youth to think, reasoot 
and judge frjm their-ownlund upon men and things. The corree- 
tion:» of the Master^ in these first productions of Reason and Ge« 
Bius^ at once serve to improve them in closeness of thought as 
ifedl as propriety of language, and thereby prepare them for those 
severer studies, wherem the instructions of the Master can take 
•IflEbct only in proportion as the PupU exerts his own judgment 
and reflection in the application of them. This, Sir, you know we 
have ahready begun upon, and shaU make a settled and constant 
iMfft of 4>ur seniles so long as your Son shall be under my care. 
We have a tittle altered the usual method, by treating our sul>- 
jadaia an Epistokuy style ; which is not only more easy fbr the 
young begiaaer, but serves to bring him acquainted with a cor- 
laet jnanner and expression in writing Letters, which, though it 
be so common a perfoiinance, yet requiresan art and judgment pe- 
culiar to itself. Nothing discovers the good sense, learning, taste, 
and breeding, nay, indeed, the whole character of theGentteman, 
aa much db these exitempore applications to his friends and ac- 
<)uaiataDoe$ whkih talcein, at different times, the whole circle 
<if iluman Lift, and consequently caH upon a man to ea^jHesa 
hinficif with decency upon even the most trivial subjects. 

^ In proportion, Sir, as your Son's genius open?, and reading' 
advances his knowledge and judgment, our subjects wiU become 
aoMd, and take in whatever topics a Gentien^ of Leaming 
should be oonvenant with. 

*^ 6. The Rules of Rhetoric, or Art of Speaking, in public 
partieulariy,are immediately necessary for every GenUeman, espe? 
dally such as have a seat in that House^ where the occasion of 
deliveriDg our sentiments is s\idden, and requires conaequently 
aa inwara fund to supply the want of premeditation. Reason 
and argument themselves often owe their force to the brnaipenti 
^th which they are delivered, and are also often borne dow|i b^ 
arts of the same kind. To use these in a just cause, and desert 
them in a bad one, is what every one who is thrown ii^to puMiQ 
laepr and empkyyment should be acquainted with. These we shall 
naat with in no Authors so weH exemplified as in the ClassicB« 
uniest it be the Bible, where, indeed, all the art and fisfgrnef 
of Jangua^ is employed, but always in the support of Truth; 

^ 7* Geography a Genrlefiian shoukl have a competent kpop^ 
led^ of, a jBoeve Newspaper being insignificant without it. That 
usaaUy taught in the Schools relates to the Classic Authors 5 ai)| 
aansequanajr, if we go no furtberi is insignificant to us who arp 
to know ^acea by a set of names very wide from tiiose they 
\ OpHed by whan the Clasdca w|Dotje. We shall eaje^voaf' 

•• - • • •• la 

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■to' xsonprcnlie tbe matlev, ao4 possibly* ivmI QtB$n wtAthM, 
Gazette without mistfikiiig the Morini of the fbraier, 6nm 
whom be first set OQt for Ea^aadr.for any other than our good 
friends at Boulogne^ who have fiunushed us witb-so many ikiTft* 
ders ftinoe his time. 

'' 8. Chronology^ without which History is useless* must hai« 
a share in our studies. The thoroQgh knowledge* indeed* of Uua 
•isimpraetieable* so laige a part of it lying in insuperable obscu- 
rity* and the remainder* to pursue it to accuracy* is suHcient W 
take up almost the wliole reeding of a naanVli^* and at best ia 
but a dry study. We shall* however. Sir* attempt to gain as muob 
iBBight into it as may put your Son upon a footing with other 
Gentlemen in this point 

"9. Logio* whkh is the Art of Speaking ri^> as Rhe* 
toric is that of Speaking well* wet shall next apply to. This is, 
of all the instructions of the ^hool, the most degenerai)ed| 
reduced to a confused heap of terms and impertinonoies beneath, 
a Gentleman's time and notice* as commonly taught But it ia 
a noble Science in itsetf, and the foundation of all tnie judg« 
ment and reasoning upon things, and must therefore bear a ca- 
pital part in your Son's Education. Dr. Watts has given us the 
be»t instructions upon this head, whose method we shall fiillow. 
But for this* Sir, your Son will not be fit possibly these two 
years. Thb is the first branch of University £ducation. 

'' 10. To these succeed the Mathematics ; a Seience whose ad» 
vantages are equal to the diffieukies that attend it, each single ar- 
ticle of it being sufficient to take up the whole businesfe^ almost^ df 
li^* were life even longer than it ia. The concern your Son* Sir, 
will have with these cannot be determined until we se& what 
turn his genius will particularly take. I acknowledge myself to 
be unacquainted with some parts of this Science; others 1 know 
hut ^perficially, my temper and inclination, and indeed my time 
and studies, chiefly leading me to that part of it whkh we usu* 
ally call Natural History, I shall net, therefore, take upon me 
to direct your Son, if his genius inclines him to such stupes, in 
a Science of which I have so slender a knowledge ; but shall 
take care, if it is referred to me* to have my place supplied m 
this part of his Education by one who shall do him justice* and 
act under my directions. However* Sir, I can venture to say; 
that, unless your Son discovers such a turn for this Science that 
promises his making a very considerable figure in it* I believa 
I maf introduoe him into as nfueb of it, as moat Gentlemen 
either commonly do or need know. 

'^ We have now gene through the sever^ usual topics of 
Bdtication at the Scheol and tbe University* unless whert'tiM 
l^opU is intended for some learned profession, to which the above 
0rticlet are only preparatory. But there are other parts* of a 
GentleoHtfifs Edvaation besklsa^ those usuillj tnuf^t at those 

"I. Th* 

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334 LftlRART AVtBCJXfTES. ' 

; ** 1. The Skm tbe French Lai^dage hbB obtained in modieni 
tt»nvemtion> especially in polite company, induces liie to o^r 
my advice in this point. Though your Son, Sir, can read. it 
pretty weU» yet he will never be able to converse in that Lan- 
guage without the assistance of a correct master of pronuncia- 
tioh. It would not be amiss if> during your residence in town, 
a proper person was to attend him for thiat purpose. 

'"i As to the Italian, which I find he is ako picking out by 
Books, 1 must take the liberty to say I think it wasting tiie time 
that might be better employed in those studies he is engaged in 
-with me. There are few things in that Language that makes it 
worth our while to be masters of it, and in conversation the 
French universally prevails over it. 

'^ 3. Ikuwing is not only an amusement, but a real accora- 
.plishment in some cases, and in some characters of life immedi- 
ately necessary, if pursued at leisure hours, and made a kind 
of relaxation from graver studies. 1 should, by all means, en- 
courage your Son, Sir, to pursue it. 

'' 4. Dancing is of more importance to a Gentleman than at 
first it appears. People form their judgment, and take Impres- 
sions very frequently, from a person's air and carriage, which dan- 
cing greatly contributes to make easy and graceful, 'lis true, 
some, without this^ have the natural air of Gentlemen, and ap- 
pear and move with as much, and sometimes more freedom and 
.elegance, than those who have been taught it ; but instances of 
«uch are not ftequent. There are also certain little punctilios in 
behaviour before company, which those that teach this science 
* make their Scholars acquainted with. Youth cannot learn these 

^ too eariy, as the preference that company usually giv-es to such, 

inspires a boy to aim at deserving their nirther commendations 
Ibr higher accomplishments. I could wish. Sir, this may ap- 
pear to you in the same light as it does to me. 

•' 5. Fencing 1 should pay a regard to, since every Gentleman 
is liable to be attacked by those who expect from his character 
he should be able to defend himself at Gentleman's weapons. A 
knowledge of this art by no means makes it necessary for a man 
to make use of it, unless in self-defence 3 on which occasions, 
which very slight accidents may produce, some ignorance of 
it must prove either of dishonourable or fatal consequence. But 
yovL will have. Sir, two or three years to determine upon thil 
in relatwn to your Son. 

•* I beg leave to proceed now upon the second of those two ' 
premises which we set out with, in which I supposed that my 
concern i^ith your Son> Sir, extended to the observation and dn 
rection of his tempers and conduct, and the opening his mind to 
such parts of Literature, taste, and breeding (so fer as I have any 
acquaintance with them myself), as may fit him, without the Uni* 
tersi^ or Fotvign Travel^ for that character he is likely to ap- 


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**Here, Sir» I most agiUii beg kfttete use tboifefr^irioiiifl for 
which I bave alraidjimideiiiy.apdogy. Tliii is thepart^ in 
wiiichy both for your sake and my own* I think myself under a 
necessity to take thom ; for« if I am to take chazge of your Son*s 
temper and conduct, I coneeive it to be b^ duty, Sk, heeiy to 
own what, from my present acquaintance with him, I tlunk of 

" As to his tempers, I pereeUe none but what promise his 
making a deserving man, or that will prove any obstacle to mj 
flocceeding with hmi, unless it be a certain sullenness, whe^ 
what is proposed to him does not tail in with his own inclina- 
tions. 1 have set myself to study lum ; and; when talking, or 
otherways engaged to appearance, have all the while carSiillj 
observed his behaviour, which I should not have dime were I not 
in the connexion with him that I am at present. I have had 
sufficient instances of the truth o? my eoi^ture. It depends^ 
Sir, more upon you and your Lady, to get ovor this, than ou 
mioe; since, according to my apprehension, the only way to 
succeed, will be at once to ii^orm him, that you have pJaoed 
kim so much under my directiim, that your ofunion of htm ' 
will be proportionable to his conformity to my instruction^, 
snd the report 1 shall make to you of his compliance and profi- 
ciency. But this also, if you*ll permit me. Sir, the freedom I am 
taking, must be accompanied with your and your Lady's aoqui* 
escence, when it may be necessary fmr me before you to take no- 
tiee of any thing that seems to me unsuitable in his behaviour : 
for, if there does not appear to be a perfect understuiding 
between you and me, or if my conduct before him is disap- 
proved of, 'twill be natural for him to conclude that my directions 
ve veiv confined, and that little rcgtrd need be jNud to on* 
whose discretion and management are disputed before his fiace. 
But when he observes that you and your Lady are pleased to pay 
a deference to my judgment, and that you have, referred sa 
much of the direction of his studies and behaviour to me, it will 
procure me that regard from him, which I shall by ail possible 
methods endeavour to ripen into aflfection and confidenee. 

" As to. his behaviour, it, in some points, exceeds what ia 
usual in young Gentlemen of his age $ but, I must take the liberty 
to say, is not equal to his parts imd proficiency. »His carriage 
before company. is too trivial, and attended with some freedoms 
which people of breeding cannot feil to observe. I have per- 
ceived also, that when ei&r you or your Lady have thought pro* 
per to take notice of some little defects in bis carriage at taUe^ 
or on other occasions, not so ready a ooinplianteas 3veretobo 
^vished for. His amusements vaigjtA be made more manly and 
improving, some of them being much beneath his genius and 
the advances he has made in learning. But these will all socm b« 
got over. A little introducticm into suitable conlpa^r, viating 
Hic;h places in town as are curious and instructive (both of which: 
IsWi toak% it my business ta. do on pfopeip occasions), together 


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^mnjotr AmciWFXi. 

•Itenckmin all Aeae partkmtore. When he otasms, 6hf>thacyoar 
mnd yaiu LtftJ^smdulg^iMei^^groirtMkid npon'hb dvt^nr meirit ; that 
froor iaodarmmto hint is xiegulatiM hy his o«rh beharrkmr^ and 
4hait tte ^leteum yo« mtff diM(iv« <ttr Idle iA' hitt ^\^^^ 
IriftaonaapUihmeutyaa II SeMiir, G^ttde be 

will not only be induced to apply himaelf closely to thoae nea^ 
Mm tlntflare Deceatary for sueh aMiiiiAeatii, but ^conc^re a kind 
ti MeadjMpfat hiaa nboaeiMtruttdottB may aastet him in pro* 
ira#iBg ifour eateem. 

*^ A OilHe Ifttte yM: give hia stoAea ao dSllerenf a turn from 
iHiflt they aie at pr»ant, that I •cam ▼entore to engage, from 
yihak 1 have obaerved of the bent of his genius, he wiU haielittte 
relish for other amusements than if hat &y will supply him witL 
I ahaii Mtmdelbrhim a sliort courae of easy experiments in Na- 
tural Knowledge^ by which he wHi socm be able to make them 
himself. A few principles of this kind» once dioroughly com* 
prehended by him^ wiU supply him with a ftmd of impitonn^ 
totettainment, that can never become tei^us or exhausted. 
Hm English rading I propose to direct to the same purpose; I 
mean to make it amusing aa well as instructive; smd if you, 
Si»9 tiihik as I do, relating to a short expedition every summer, 
ao one or other of our own Countiea which beat desaeve the thne 
andl sKpenoe of visiting them, I persuade myself, your Sen ivill 
soon mafcetyoua^ietuMi that will answer our expectations. 

''¥(rai'LB(if> %>nMit heite permit me to«ddres8 myself to heri 
whose>peariiMafor the lbliowfaigfr6ed<mi I expeet> on account of 
the idtegritv 6f tiie motive tiiat induces me to take it. The paisf 
you have taken. Madam, with your Son, and the thae you have 
devoted to his dervfce^ aie what fyw Mothers have eidier the 
prudence or* tbt patfieoce to* take. These for the future^ Madam» 
wMl be bast empioyed (ifyeuH: permit me to ofl^f myadviee) 
either in'itadhq} with hhu the French or Itafian, or, whi^ will 
db'him inioitely more service, goiilg through some good £iu^ 
AlitlMirs, and diiecting liim to such passages and^remarks as are 
lit for the comau»*p£use»book. 1 must b^ leave also to add, 
liiat Ecottkfr wirik this w^s^^on^ the bushiess i^the- ilftonooiL 
Tlie morning, MekdanA,. I ask for myself, I mean' for the stodies 
of yourSonthat I ma oonoieiiied m; four hotua of which, if 
smiilaji I il iat : ^wse, wiU anawei' aM our purpoees. I cooMwish 
also that these houiir might be^thoee'lMween eight and tweM 
You'll exouM ne also, AMbba, if Ftak»u|Mmme-ti»reil]MyoQ/ 
that it is not the '^ick dispatch i^bls wofk, aor thenumber 
of AuthmvyouriSeii'ninsover, by^whi^ yeuaie tojiic^iof hh 
Itoofioieney^ The Tutor*a busnesrwould be ^tremely'easy, mMf 
Ilia reputation and reward the purchase of very little Ubour, H 
Inssorvkeaniere judg^of, absolutely, by stichldaid^c^xpedftiOB 
in his pupiL Learning! IB the result not of much but judfiekaii 
iMdii^ To' leach the bore lAOguages is the least*, tfaemeaMt 
jga^^^ thd Tte)0P*a >4a4y;rtliougii>lliai»al«»re^^ 

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and attention, that sbt pages of aaj au^MMS read over critically 
and by rules« will be of more real service, Jthan six voluine» turned 
over and dlspatcbed by rote. You will also do me that honour 
to belieTe me, Madam, that the languages, though they help to 
make, do not howerer constitute the man of les^ning^ any moM 
than the jicbest wardrobe will make its mistress a woman cC 
breeding 5 and he that in the direction of your Son's Education 
supplies him with a furniture of words only, has just as much 
pretensions to the having made a Scholar, as his taylor to have 
made him a Gentleman. 

" I believe. Sir, 1 have by this time carried my reflections to a 
length you did not expect. The affair is to me momentous, but 
much more to yourself. I have offered what occiured to my 
present thoughts, and leave the whole to such alterations or ad- 
ditions ae jou shall choose. This, Sir, I can assure you of, that 
nothing shall on my part be wanting, which fidelity and honour 
may require, or my own knowledge shall dictate. 

" I am. Sir, with very great esteem, your most humble servant^ 

Roger PickbrinoV 

• A practical Comment on this admirable Letter may be seen, in the 
culogiom of a grateful Pupil, vol. VI. pp. 265. 613. Of Mr. Pickering'i 
*' Dictionary of the Bible,'' see ibid. p. 64S. 

Letters of John Fourth Earl of Sandwich. 

To the Rev. Dr. Zachary Gray. 
" Sir, /#ix la Chapelle, March 22, 1748, N. S. 

** 1 am obliged to you for having so ikvourable an opinion of 
me i» to think that my name is one likely to do any credit to your 
peiformance. I am persuaded that the work in question will be 
such as will recommend itself by its own merit; but, if you think 
my name can be of any service to you, I most readily agree to 
your making the use of it you mention $ and am. Sir, 
" Your most obedient and most humble servant. Sandwich." 

To the Rev. Mr. Thomas, at St. Neot*s. 

"SiK,, iirri. 

" The medal you take for Tiberius is Augustus, the t. is the 
last letter of avgvst. The s being on one side of the head and 
the T on the other is not uncommon. One of the little medals is 
Anasta&ius, the reverse d. n. thbia rbx ; it is described in Ban* 
duri, and, as I have it not in my collection, if you will accept of 
two guineas in lieu of it, they are at your service. The other me- 
dal having no legend, is Cat least to me) unintelligible, and there- 
fore, in my opinion, of little or no value. 1 am, &c. Sakdwich.*' 
''Sir, , Dec. 7, 1771. 

" I am obliged to you for your civility, but I had much rather 
that you would allow me to pay for the Anastasius with money ; 
however, as you seem to prefer a coin, when 1 have one t